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Results 401 - 450 of 2429
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Yan Nan - - 2013
The high theoretical capacity and low discharge potential of silicon have attracted much attention on Si-based anodes. Herein, hollow porous SiO2 nanocubes have been prepared via a two-step hard-template process and evaluated as electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries. The hollow porous SiO2 nanocubes exhibited a reversible capacity of 919 mAhg(-1) over ...
Roberts Bayard - - 2013
This Commentary considers the health system and policy challenges of addressing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia, countries in the process of re-framing state policies and institutions, including in the health sector. Against this backdrop, a neglected issue of the rapidly rising burden of NCDs threatens both health ...
Blann A D - - 2013
Vascular function is an important pathophysiological factor in cardiovascular disease, and is influenced by many factors, one of the principles being hypertension. Developing evidence suggests that inflammation may be another risk factor. Vascular function and blood pressure haemodynamics can be assessed by arterial stiffness, pulse pressure and plasma markers. Testing ...
Bayoglu Burcu - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a common multifactorial disorder that involves abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and hyperglycemia. Genome-wide association studies have identified a major risk locus for coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction on chromosome 9p21. Here, we examined the frequency of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on chromosome 9p21 in a ...
Fujii Keisuke - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of the present study was to examine the timing for the detection of relevant information in the final running direction of attackers' cutting manoeuvres. Skilled basketball players and novices performed sidestep and reach tasks in response to a ready-go choice stimuli using light-emitting diode (LED) task and ...
Congdon Thomas C - - 2013
This manuscript reports a detailed study on the ability of poly(vinyl alcohol) to act as a bio-mimetic surrogate for antifreeze(glyco)proteins, with a focus on the specific property of ice-recrystallisation inhibition (IRI). Despite over 40 years of study, the underlying mechanisms which govern the action of biological antifreezes are still poorly ...
Schulenburg Cindy - - 2013
Though lacking a well-defined three-dimensional structure, intrinsically unstructured proteins are ubiquitous in nature. These molecules play crucial roles in many cellular processes, especially signaling and regulation. Surprisingly, even enzyme catalysis can tolerate substantial disorder. This observation contravenes conventional wisdom but is relevant to an understanding of how protein dynamics modulates ...
Sreedharan Dinesh T - - 2013
Intramolecular conjugate displacement (ICD), the process illustrated in , has been applied to the Morita-Baylis-Hillman adducts formed from (5S)-5-(l-menthyloxy)-2(5H)-furanone and aldehydes that are substituted in the γ- or δ-position by geminal phenylthio groups. When the initial Morita-Baylis-Hillman alcohols are acetylated and oxidized to geminal sulfones, deprotonation causes ring closure by ...
Hoi K H - - 2013
The immunoglobulin lambda (IGL) repertoires from two unrelated human blood samples, three NOD-scid-IL2Rγ(null) mice engrafted with human hematopoietic stem cells and two pairs of monozygotic twin blood samples were determined by Roche 454 sequencing to generate a total of about 700 000 IGL sequences. We applied bioinformatic analysis to examine IGL ...
Niezgoda Julie - - 2013
Mitochondrial disease, once thought to be a rare clinical entity, is now recognized as an important cause of a wide range of neurologic, cardiac, muscle, and endocrine disorders . The incidence of disorders of the respiratory chain alone is estimated to be about 1 per 4-5000 live births, similar to ...
Hamamura Kazunori - - 2013
In response to various stresses including viral infection, nutrient deprivation, and stress to the endoplasmic reticulum, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF2α) is phosphorylated to cope with stress induced apoptosis. Although bone cells are sensitive to environmental stresses that alter the phosphorylation level of eIF2α, little is known about ...
Kayukawa Takumi - - 2013
The red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, has been widely used as a laboratory model for analyzing gene function. In this study, we established a novel cell line (Tc81) from T. castaneum embryos and validated the utility of this cell line by analyzing the juvenile hormone (JH) signaling pathway. In Tc81 ...
Dua Janet - - 2013
Eccrine nevi are rare lesions characterized by a sharply demarcated area of localized hyperhidrosis. We present an 11-year-old girl with an eccrine nevus on her right lower forearm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case successfully controlled with topical glycopyrrolate wipes.
Scholtyssek Christine - - 2013
We investigated the formation of an abstract concept of same/different in a harbor seal by means of a two-item same/different task. Stimuli were presented on a TFT monitor. The subject was trained to respond according to whether two horizontally aligned white shapes presented on a black background were the same, ...
Ishioka Ken - - 2013
The HSV-1 VRTK(-) strain, isolated in our laboratory as an acyclovir-resistant thymidine kinase (TK)-deficient mutant, was more sensitive to type 1 interferon than was the parent strain VR3. We investigated the properties of this mutant to clarify the mechanism for its hyper-sensitivity to IFN. Our findings were as follow; 1) ...
Wong John Ct - - 2013
Dysregulation of nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1) has been found in numerous solid and hematological malignancies. Our previous meta-analysis of colorectal cancer (CRC) high throughput gene expression profiling studies identified it as a consistently reported up-regulated gene in the malignant state. Our aims were to compare NPM1 expression in normal colon, adenoma ...
Akhigbe Joshua - - 2013
Reaction of known meso-tetraarylporpholactone free bases , made from the corresponding porphyrins, with hydrazine produces three products: It converts the lactone functional group into an N-aminolactam moiety, generating porphyrin-like N-aminoporpholactams . It also reduces regioselectively the β,β'-double bond of the pyrrolic moiety opposite to the imidazolone in both the starting ...
Liu Fang - - 2013
We report a simple and low-cost strategy that allows the sequential and site-specific assembly of a dehydrogenase-based multi-enzyme cascade for methanol oxidation on the yeast surface using the high-affinity interactions between three orthogonal cohesin-dockerin pairs. The multi-enzyme cascade showed 5 times higher NADH production rate than the non-complexed enzyme mixture, ...
Lev Nirit - - 2013
Astrocytes are the most abundant glial cell type in the brain. Impairment in astrocyte functions can critically influence neuronal survival and leads to neurodegeneration. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by motor dysfunction that results from progressive neuronal loss. Astrocytic dysfunction was demonstrated in human samples and ...
Geng Lili - - 2013
KEY MESSAGE : Peanuts transformed with the synthetic cry8Ea1 gene flanked by MARs are a potentially effective control strategy against white grubs. Cry8Ea1 protein levels of the construct containing MARs were increased by 2.5 times. White grubs are now recognized as the most important pests of peanut worldwide. A synthetic ...
Osorio Fabiola - - 2013
The respiratory tract has a surface area of approximately 70 m(2) that is in direct contact with the external environment. Approximately 12,000 l of air are inhaled daily, exposing the airway epithelium to up to 25 million particles an hour. Several inhaled environmental triggers, like cigarette smoke, diesel exhaust, or allergens, are ...
Ersoy Betul - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to determine the frequency of delayed gastric emptying in children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM); and to investigate the relationship between gastric emptying rate and other contributing factors, such as serum HbA1c levels, duration of diabetes and micro-albuminuria, in these ...
Ning Wei - - 2013
Angle-dependent magnetoconductance was measured on an individual surface-curved Bi2Te3 single-crystal nanowire fabricated by electrochemical deposition, where the evolution of surface conduction with wire diameters was investigated. It was found that the magnetoconductance of these nanowires in low field regime can be well described by one-dimensional (1D) weak antilocalization (WAL) model, ...
von Schoen-Angerer Tido - - 2013
An independent evaluation of the Affordable Medicine Facility for malaria (AMFm) pilot phase has hailed it as a success, but important limitations and unanswered questions remain. In 2012, the board of the Global Fund decided to integrate the AMFm into country grants by 2014. This means that countries now need ...
Gutenberg A - - 2013
Current treatment strategies in patients with newly-diagnosed glioblastoma include surgical resection with post-operative radiotherapy and concomitant/adjuvant temozolomide (the "Stupp protocol") or resection with implantation of 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) wafers in the surgical cavity followed by radiotherapy. In clinical practice, patients with malignant glioma treated with BCNU wafer often also receive adjuvant ...
Meola Giovanni - - 2013
Neuromuscular diseases Myotonic Dystrophies type 1 and type 2 (DM1 and DM2) are caused by unstable CTG and CCTG repeat expansions and have highly complex molecular mechanisms. DM1 is caused by the expansion of CTG repeats in the 3' UTR of the gene coding for Dystrophia Myotonica-Protein Kinase (DMPK). In ...
Pérez Eduardo - - 2013
The increased demand for medical diagnosis procedures has been recognized as one of the contributors to the rise of health care costs in the U.S. in the last few years. Nuclear medicine is a subspecialty of radiology that uses advanced technology and radiopharmaceuticals for the diagnosis and treatment of medical ...
Yan Junxia - - 2013
Familial goiter is a genetic disease showing heterogeneous expression. To identify causative genes, we investigated three multigenerational goiter families with an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. We performed genome-wide linkage analysis on all the families, combined with whole-exome sequencing in two affected individuals from each family. For linkage analysis, we considered ...
Hossain Mohammad Bakhtiar - - 2013
PURPOSE: Cadmium in urine is positively associated with urinary 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) concentrations, a sensitive marker of oxidative DNA damage. We determined whether kidney concentrations of cadmium, mercury, and lead, which may generate oxidative DNA damage, were associated with urinary 8-oxodG or not. METHODS: 8-OxodG was measured in separate 24 h and ...
Voleti Pramod B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Restoration of posterior condylar offset (PCO) during total knee arthroplasty is essential to maximize range of motion, prevent impingement, and minimize flexion instability. Previously, PCO was determined with lateral radiographs, which could not distinguish the asymmetries between the femoral condyles. MRI can independently measure both medial and lateral PCO. ...
Macedo Francisco Igor B - - 2013
Acute ascending aortic dissection (AAAD) is a rare complication after orthotopic heart transplantation. We report a patient with AAAD after heart transplantation in whom repair was complicated by infection of the ascending aortic prosthetic graft. This was successfully managed by re-do replacement with two cryopreserved aortic homografts. Despite extensive calcification ...
Nguyen S M - - 2013
In veterinary medical oncology, there is currently no standardized protocol for assessing response to therapy in solid tumours. The lack of such a formalized guideline makes it challenging to critically compare outcome measures across various treatment protocols. The Veterinary Cooperative Oncology Group (VCOG) membership consensus document presented here is based ...
Fakiri M Omeed - - 2013
Introduction: Several studies have reported high diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for the ice test in myasthenia gravis. All of the studies employed a case-control design, in which the diagnosis was already known at the time of the test for both patients and controls, leading to case selection bias. This suggests ...
Kitamoto Takuya - - 2013
We examined the genetic background of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the Japanese population, by performing a genome-wide association study (GWAS). For GWAS, 392 Japanese NAFLD subjects and 934 control individuals were analyzed. For replication studies, 172 NAFLD and 1,012 control subjects were monitored. After quality control, 261,540 single-nucleotide ...
Aktas Munir - - 2013
The occurrence and distribution of Hepatozoon species in stray dogs, and the developmental stages of Rhipicephalus sanguineus detached from the same dogs in Diyarbakır Province, Turkey is reported. A total of 328 ticks, including 133 adults (55 males and 75 females consist of 63 partially engorged and 15 fully engorged) ...
Ngo Joy - - 2013
This systematic review evaluated micronutrient intake inadequacy of ten micronutrients for adult ethnic minority populations residing in Europe. Pubmed was searched for studies, related references were checked and experts consulted. Ten studies were identified and six were included in the final analysis representing Albanian, Roma, Sub-Saharan African, South Asian and ...
Xing Siyuan - - 2013
Textile-enabled interfacial microfluidics, utilizing fibrous hydrophilic yarns (e.g., cotton) to guide biological reagent flows, has been extended to various biochemical analyses recently. The restricted capillary-driving mechanism, however, persists as a major challenge for continuous and facilitated biofluidic transport. In this paper, we have first introduced a novel interfacial microfluidic transport ...
Yao Peng - - 2013
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARSs) are a group of essential and ubiquitous "house-keeping" enzymes responsible for charging corresponding amino acids to their cognate transfer RNAs (tRNAs) and providing the correct substrates for high-fidelity protein synthesis. During the last three decades, wide-ranging biochemical and genetic studies have revealed non-catalytic regulatory functions of multiple ...
Chico J - - 2013
An analytical method for determination and confirmation of nine coccidiostatics in eggs is reported. Ethyl acetate is used as extraction solvent, with satisfactory results, and simple automated clean-up is based on gel-permeation chromatography (GPC) . The target compounds are then analysed by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. The method was ...
Lipworth B J - - 2013
Acetlycholine is involved in the control of airway smooth muscle constriction and in recruitment of inflammatory cells via neuronal and paracrine effects on muscarinic type 3 receptors. Long acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMA) are well established in guidelines for COPD but are not currently licensed for use in asthma. There are ...
Sunna Anwar - - 2013
We show that a peptide linker sequence expressed as part of a fusion with protein G from Streptococcus binds to natural zeolite giving a complex to which a suitable antibody shows affinity binding. As a consequence, addition of the CRY104 antibody specific for an external surface epitope of Cryptosporidium allows ...
Cetinkaya Serife Esra - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the relationship between pelvic organ prolapse (POP) staging and clinical findings, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), sexual dysfunction, and quality of life (QoL) using validated questionnaires. METHODS: Women attending the urogynecology unit with LUTS and/or bulging (n = 388) were grouped according to the POP quantification (POPQ). ...
Kwon Eun-Kyung M - - 2013
We report a case of Merkel cell polyomavirus detection in the skin of a patient with epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EDV) and a family history remarkable for an unusual inheritance pattern for EDV.
Smardova Jana - - 2013
Glioblastoma is the most common and the most aggressive type of brain cancer. Aberrations of the RTK/RAS/PI3K-, p53-, and RB cell signaling pathways were recognized as a core requirement for pathogenesis of glioblastoma. The p53 tumor suppressor functions as a transcription factor transactivating expression of its target genes in response ...
Chen Lihong - - 2013
An environmentally friendly and inexpensive substitute to the widely used poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) has been developed from soy proteins for textile warp sizing. Textile processing is the major source of industrial water pollution across the world, and sizing and desizing operations account for nearly 30 % of the water consumed in ...
O'Brien J K - - 2013
Ejaculates from nine Asian and two African elephants were analysed to gain a further understanding of mechanisms underlying variable semen quality after transrectal massage. Semen analysis was performed after collection (0 h; subjective motility parameters only) and after 24 h of chilled storage at 10 °C (24 h; all ejaculate and sperm characteristics). Ejaculates ...
Rohlfs Anna-Katharina - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to measure the relationship between the shear elastic properties of vocal fold with respect to the direction of applied stress. There is extensive published material that quantifies the shear viscoelastic properties of the vocal fold, but as much of these data were obtained using ...
Lucitt Margaret B - - 2013
We report the development and demonstration of an assay that distinguishes the pharmacological effects of two widely used antiplatelet therapies, aspirin (COX-1 inhibitor) and clopidogrel (P2Y12 inhibitor). Whole blood is perfused through a low-volume microfluidic device in contact with a well-characterized (ellipsometry, atomic force microscopy) acid-soluble type I collagen surface. ...
Guzik Urszula - - 2013
This is the first report of a catechol 1,2-dioxygenase from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain KB2 with high activity against catechol and its methyl derivatives. This enzyme was maximally active at pH 8.0 and 40 °C and the half-life of the enzyme at this temperature was 3 h. Kinetic studies showed that the value ...
Pantoja-Feliciano Ida Gisela - - 2013
The birth canal provides mammals with a primary maternal inoculum, which develops into distinctive body site-specific microbial communities post-natally. We characterized the distal gut microbiota from birth to weaning in mice. One-day-old mice had colonic microbiota that resembled maternal vaginal communities, but at days 3 and 9 of age there ...
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