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Results 401 - 450 of 2434
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Bilolikar Abhay N - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This "proof of concept" study sought to determine the magnitude of radial artery diameter change in 20 healthy subjects by induction of flow mediation dilatation (FMD) via reactive hyperemia. BACKGROUND: Transradial access in the cardiac catheterization laboratory is becoming more commonplace due to lower bleeding complications and increase in ...
Guzik Urszula - - 2013
This is the first report of a catechol 1,2-dioxygenase from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain KB2 with high activity against catechol and its methyl derivatives. This enzyme was maximally active at pH 8.0 and 40 °C and the half-life of the enzyme at this temperature was 3 h. Kinetic studies showed that the value ...
Wu Hon-Yen - - 2013
Background: Microalbuminuria screening is widely used in high-risk populations but seldom used in the general population for detecting chronic kidney disease (CKD). Systematic reviews focused on screening for CKD are rare, and the issues about microalbuminuria screening in the general population have never been reviewed. We systematically reviewed studies regarding ...
Hine Kristen - - 2013
Some have challenged Thomson's case of the famous unconscious violinist (UV) by arguing that in cases of consensual sex a woman is partially morally responsible for the existence of a needy fetus; since she is partially responsible she ought to assist the fetus, and so abortion is morally wrong. Call ...
Zhan Xuefang - - 2013
A new ionization source based on microwave induced plasma was developed for ambient desorption/ionization. The microwave-induced plasma desorption/ionization source (MIPDI) was composed of a copper Surfatron microwave cavity where a fused-silica tube was centered axially. Stable non-local thermodynamic equilibrium plasma was generated in the quartz discharge tube when a microwave ...
Sood S L - - 2013
Type 3 von Willebrand's disease (VWD) is a rare bleeding diathesis with complete or near complete deficiency of von Willebrand factor (VWF) and low factor VIII (FVIII) levels. In contrast, only FVIII is decreased in haemophilia A (HA). Both disorders are complicated by arthropathy. The purpose of this study was ...
Westbrook Jared W - - 2013
Rapidly enhancing oleoresin production in conifer stems through genomic selection and genetic engineering may increase resistance to bark beetles and terpenoid yield for liquid biofuels. We integrated association genetic and genomic prediction analyses of oleoresin flow (g 24 h(-1) ) using 4854 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in expressed genes within a pedigreed ...
Dufrêne Yves F - - 2013
Cells are constantly exposed to mechanical stimuli in their environment and have several evolved mechanisms to sense and respond to these cues. It is becoming increasingly recognized that many cell types, from bacteria to mammalian cells, possess a diverse set of proteins to translate mechanical cues into biochemical signalling and ...
Krunic Aleksandar L - - 2013
Acral peeling skin syndrome (APSS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder. We used whole-exome sequencing to identify the molecular basis of APSS in a consanguineous Jordanian-American pedigree. We identified a homozygous nonsense mutation (p.Lys22X) in the CSTA gene, encoding cystatin A, that was confirmed using Sanger sequencing. Cystatin A ...
Eid N - - 2013
The presence of variant intercostal and bronchial arteries and variable position of left recurrent laryngeal nerve (LRLN) along the course of thoracic duct (TD) may have clinical relevance in various cervicothoracic surgeries.
Trovato Guglielmo M - - 2013
Background: Association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T gene polymorphism with hyperhomocysteinemia, renal failure, and cardiovascular events is controversial. We investigated the relationship of MTHFR 677C>T polymorphisms with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and renal insufficiency. Methods: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and left myocardial ventricular mass/m2 were assessed in 138 non-diabetic subjects ...
Kuzari D - - 2013
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women. The current study uses the qualitative method to examine breast cancer patients' viewpoint regarding the doctor-patient communication and its implications during their treatment. All the women brought up the same central themes: Assuming an active attitude in their life. ...
Torrelo Antonio - - 2013
We present the case of a congenital, deep ulcer of the buttock in an otherwise healthy newborn girl. Histopathology excluded any specific cause of ulceration. The ulcer healed spontaneously at 4 weeks of age, leaving a scar. Because the patient also had symmetrical pits on her knees and because the ulcer ...
Nakashima Kazuo - - 2013
KEY MESSAGE : We review the recent progress on ABA signaling, especially ABA signaling for ABA-dependent gene expression, including the AREB/ABF regulon, SnRK2 protein kinase, 2C-type protein phosphatases and ABA receptors. Drought negatively impacts plant growth and the productivity of crops. Drought causes osmotic stress to organisms, and the osmotic ...
Su Chia-Wei - - 2013
A newly-designed drug carrier with enzyme-triggered release behavior and the ability to circumvent multidrug resistance was successfully developed. By optimizing the ratio of lecithin and polysaccharide in reverse micelles, encapsulation efficiency and encapsulation stability can be significantly improved.
Porter John R - - 2013
This paper is part review and part opinion piece; it has three parts of increasing novelty and speculation in approach. The first presents an overview of how some of the major crop simulation models approach the issue of simulating the responses of crops to changing climatic and weather variables, mainly ...
Shadel William G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are almost no data on whether the different channels through which pro-smoking media appear (i.e., point-of-sale advertising, movie smoking) differently influence smoking. PURPOSE: This study used ecological momentary assessment to examine whether differences in smoking risk were observed for exposures to different pro-smoking media channels. METHODS: College students ...
Joshi Ashish - - 2013
Cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, and type 2 diabetes, are responsible for over 50% of worldwide mortality. Chronic diseases have broad negative impacts in developing countries. Contributing to the development of chronic diseases are sedentary lifestyles, poor nutrition and eating habits, and air pollution, among other risk factors. These ...
Ma Erin S F - - 2013
Thermodynamic data for the reversible formation of cis-RuCl2(P-N)(PPh3)(η(2)-H2) () from trans-RuCl2(P-N)(PPh3) in C6D6 are determined by variable temperature (31)P{(1)H} and (1)H NMR spectroscopy; P-N = o-diphenylphosphino-N,N'-dimethylaniline. Values of ΔH° = -26 ± 4 kJ mol(-1), ΔS° = -40 ± 15 J mol(-1) K(-1), and ΔG° (at 25 °C) = -13.8 ...
Serrano-Ruiz Manuel - - 2013
The new water soluble complexes [RuClCp(HPTA)2]Cl2·2H2O (), [RuCp(DMSO-κS)(PTA)2]Cl (), [RuCp(DMSO-κS)(PTA)2](OSO2CF3) () and [RuCp(DMSO-κS)(HPTA)2]Cl3·2H2O () have been synthesized and fully characterized by NMR, IR and elemental analysis. The structures of complexes and were also characterized by single crystal X-ray determination. The catalytic activity of the complexes and [RuClCp(PTA)2] () for the ...
Schramm Patrick - - 2013
PURPOSE: In chronic renal failure, intermittent hemodialysis decreases cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV); however, in critically ill patients with acute renal failure, the effect of continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD) on CBFV and cerebrovascular autoregulation (AR) is unknown. Therefore, a study was undertaken to investigate the potential effect of CVVHD on ...
Warth Lydia - - 2013
A newly designed site-specific recombination system is presented which allows multiple targeted markerless deletions. The most frequently used tool for removing selection markers or to introduce genes by recombination-mediated cassette exchange is the Cre/loxP system. Many mutant loxP sites have been created for this purpose. However, this study presents a ...
Gowda Meghana - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To unify and organize reporting, an International Urogynecological Association (IUGA)/International Continence Society (ICS) expert consortium published terminology guidelines with a classification system for complications related to implants used in female pelvic surgery. We hypothesize that the complexity of the codification system may be a hindrance to precision, ...
Johnson Jamie L - - 2013
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a painful, ulcerating neutrophilic dermatosis commonly associated with a variety of underlying systemic conditions. We report a child with neurofibromatosis-1 (NF-1) and an aseptic splenic abscess who developed multifocal PG in areas of iatrogenic skin trauma. There is no clinical evidence or theoretical basis to suggest ...
Varol Memet - - 2013
Multivariate statistical techniques, such as analysis of variance, cluster analysis (CA), correlation analysis, principal component analysis (PCA), and factor analysis (FA), were applied to determine the spatial and temporal variations of dissolved heavy metals in the Tigris River at 7 different sites spread over the river stretch of about 500 km ...
Ramdani Sofiane - - 2013
We investigate postural sway data dynamics in older adult fallers and non-fallers. Center of pressure (COP) signals were recorded during quiet standing in 28 older adults. The subjects were divided in two groups: with and without history of falls. COP time series were analyzed using recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) in ...
Chokshi Reena V - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It has been suggested that bowel preparation quality may influence decision-making about appropriate follow-up interval after screening colonoscopy. We sought: (1) to assess physician recommendations for timing of subsequent colonoscopy in average-risk patients with inadequate bowel preparation on initial screening, and (2) to measure the association between ...
Aogi Kenjiro - - 2013
PURPOSE: Anthracycline and taxane resistance is a key issue in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer (MBC), particularly in Asian patients who often present with advanced disease. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of ixabepilone monotherapy in Japanese patients with taxane-resistant MBC previously treated ...
Venkataramani Atheendar S - - 2013
Poverty may influence HIV risk by increasing vulnerability to economic shocks and thereby preventing key health investments. We explored this possibility by examining the relationship between household shocks and the timing of traditional male circumcision, a practice associated with considerable expense and whose HIV-prevention benefits are larger when done earlier, ...
de Vries M - - 2013
During the last phase of spermatogenesis, called spermiogenesis, the nucleosome-based chromatin structure is replaced by a protamine-based DNA packaging. Not much is known about the chromatin remodelling involved in humans and animals. Here, we have investigated initiation of chromatin remodelling over seven probands of which five were diagnosed with non-obstructive ...
Desai Payal C - - 2013
Introduction: Acute chest syndrome (ACS), a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in sickle cell disease (SCD), is an acute illness characterized by fever and/or respiratory symptoms, accompanied by a new pulmonary infiltrate on a chest X-ray. There is increasing knowledge regarding the etiology and pathogenesis of ACS in SCD. ...
Cattley Christopher A CA University of Oxford, Department of Materials, Oxford, UK. - - 2013
The application of indium-free quaternary chalcogenides, such as Cu(2)ZnSnS(4) (CZTS), in photovoltaics has created tremendous interest in recent years. In this paper we develop a method to synthesize high quality CZTS nanoparticles with thermodynamically stable kesterite and wurtzite phases via a simple, one-pot, low-cost solution method.
de Moraes Marcela Cristina - - 2013
The parasite Schistosoma mansoni (Sm) depends exclusively on the salvage pathway for its purine requirements. The enzyme purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) is, therefore, a promising target for development of antischistosomal agents and an assay for screening of inhibitors. To enable this, immobilized SmPNP reactors were produced. By quantification of hypoxanthine ...
Lev Nirit - - 2013
Astrocytes are the most abundant glial cell type in the brain. Impairment in astrocyte functions can critically influence neuronal survival and leads to neurodegeneration. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by motor dysfunction that results from progressive neuronal loss. Astrocytic dysfunction was demonstrated in human samples and ...
Geng Lili - - 2013
KEY MESSAGE : Peanuts transformed with the synthetic cry8Ea1 gene flanked by MARs are a potentially effective control strategy against white grubs. Cry8Ea1 protein levels of the construct containing MARs were increased by 2.5 times. White grubs are now recognized as the most important pests of peanut worldwide. A synthetic ...
Osorio Fabiola - - 2013
The respiratory tract has a surface area of approximately 70 m(2) that is in direct contact with the external environment. Approximately 12,000 l of air are inhaled daily, exposing the airway epithelium to up to 25 million particles an hour. Several inhaled environmental triggers, like cigarette smoke, diesel exhaust, or allergens, are ...
Carnevale J J Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) was recently identified as a new target in acute myeloid leukemia (AML); however, its mechanistic role in this disease is poorly understood. Based on the known interaction between SYK and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling in lymphoma, we hypothesized that SYK may regulate mTOR signaling ...
Hancock Clifton W CW Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA, USA. - - 2013
The transepicondylar axis (TEA) is often used as a surrogate for the flexion-extension axis, ie, the axis around which the tibia moves in space, because of a belief that both axes lie perpendicular to the mechanical axis. However, studies suggest the cylindrical axis (CA), defined as a line equidistant from ...
Ersoy Betul - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to determine the frequency of delayed gastric emptying in children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM); and to investigate the relationship between gastric emptying rate and other contributing factors, such as serum HbA1c levels, duration of diabetes and micro-albuminuria, in these ...
Yan Nan - - 2013
The high theoretical capacity and low discharge potential of silicon have attracted much attention on Si-based anodes. Herein, hollow porous SiO2 nanocubes have been prepared via a two-step hard-template process and evaluated as electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries. The hollow porous SiO2 nanocubes exhibited a reversible capacity of 919 mAhg(-1) over ...
Roberts Bayard - - 2013
This Commentary considers the health system and policy challenges of addressing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia, countries in the process of re-framing state policies and institutions, including in the health sector. Against this backdrop, a neglected issue of the rapidly rising burden of NCDs threatens both health ...
Blann A D - - 2013
Vascular function is an important pathophysiological factor in cardiovascular disease, and is influenced by many factors, one of the principles being hypertension. Developing evidence suggests that inflammation may be another risk factor. Vascular function and blood pressure haemodynamics can be assessed by arterial stiffness, pulse pressure and plasma markers. Testing ...
Bayoglu Burcu - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a common multifactorial disorder that involves abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and hyperglycemia. Genome-wide association studies have identified a major risk locus for coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction on chromosome 9p21. Here, we examined the frequency of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on chromosome 9p21 in a ...
Fujii Keisuke - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of the present study was to examine the timing for the detection of relevant information in the final running direction of attackers' cutting manoeuvres. Skilled basketball players and novices performed sidestep and reach tasks in response to a ready-go choice stimuli using light-emitting diode (LED) task and ...
Congdon Thomas C - - 2013
This manuscript reports a detailed study on the ability of poly(vinyl alcohol) to act as a bio-mimetic surrogate for antifreeze(glyco)proteins, with a focus on the specific property of ice-recrystallisation inhibition (IRI). Despite over 40 years of study, the underlying mechanisms which govern the action of biological antifreezes are still poorly ...
Schulenburg Cindy - - 2013
Though lacking a well-defined three-dimensional structure, intrinsically unstructured proteins are ubiquitous in nature. These molecules play crucial roles in many cellular processes, especially signaling and regulation. Surprisingly, even enzyme catalysis can tolerate substantial disorder. This observation contravenes conventional wisdom but is relevant to an understanding of how protein dynamics modulates ...
Jouveshomme Stéphane - - 2013
Recent phase-III trials show that platinum-based chemotherapy (PBCT) for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer and poor performance status (PS) improves survival without increasing toxicity, compared to single-agent chemotherapy (CT). The aim of this study was to asses whether these results are transposable in a community population. About 260 ...
Li You-Gui - - 2013
We investigated the role of 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) on glucose absorption and metabolism in normal and diabetic mice. Oral and intravenous glucose tolerance tests and labeled (13)C6-glucose uptake assays suggested that DNJ inhibited intestinal glucose absorption in intestine. We also showed that DNJ down-regulated intestinal SGLT1, Na(+)/K(+)-ATP and GLUT2 mRNA and ...
Stang F - - 2013
Digital nerve defects are common in hand trauma and for primary or secondary nerve reconstruction, the autologous nerve graft remains the gold standard. This study compares the regeneration results and donor side morbidity of either the posterior interosseus nerve (PIN) graft or the medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve (MACN) graft. 16 ...
Koller Robert - - 2013
Dead organic matter (OM) is a major source of nitrogen (N) for plants. The majority of plants support N uptake by symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Mineralization of N is regulated by microfauna, in particular, protozoa grazing on bacteria. We hypothesized that AM fungi and protozoa interactively facilitate plant ...
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