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Results 301 - 350 of 2434
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Lindahl Björn D - - 2013
Novel high-throughput sequencing methods outperform earlier approaches in terms of resolution and magnitude. They enable identification and relative quantification of community members and offer new insights into fungal community ecology. These methods are currently taking over as the primary tool to assess fungal communities of plant-associated endophytes, pathogens, and mycorrhizal ...
Sneh Amita A Department of Pathology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2013
Psoriasin (S100A7) is a calcium-binding protein that has shown to be highly expressed in high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and a subset of invasive breast cancers. However, its role in invasion and metastasis is not very well known. In this study, we have shown that S100A7 differentially regulates epidermal ...
Liu Guodong - - 2013
Long-term strain improvements through repeated mutagenesis and screening have generated a hyper-producer of cellulases and hemicellulases from Penicillium decumbens 114 which was isolated 30 years ago. Here, the genome of the hyper-producer P. decumbens JU-A10-T was sequenced and compared with that of the wild-type strain 114-2. Further, the transcriptomes and ...
Yao Xiaomei X Department of Oral and Craniofacial Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Missouri-Kansas City, 650 E. 25th St., Kansas City, MO 64108, - - 2013
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a dominant skeletal disorder characterized by bone fragility and deformities. Though the oim mouse model has been the most widely studied of the OI models, it has only recently been suggested to exhibit gender-dependent differences in bone mineralization. To characterize the impact of gender on the ...
Yang Youping - - 2013
We modify the classical virus dynamics model by incorporating an immune response with fixed or fluctuating vaccination frequencies and dosages to obtain a system of impulsive differential equations for the virus dynamics of both the wild-type and mutant strains. This model framework permits us to obtain precise conditions for the ...
Kaufmann I - - 2013
PURPOSE: To test a new assay based on an ex vivo cytokine release from whole blood for the monitoring of immune changes in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. METHODS: A pilot study of outpatients with HIV infection (n = 9) at a large academic hospital who were divided into three groups: HIV-infected ...
Qin Liya L Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7178, - - 2013
Parkinson's disease is characterized by a progressive degeneration of substantia nigra (SN) dopaminergic neurons with age. We previously found that a single systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 5 mg/kg, i.p.) injection caused a slow progressive loss of tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive (TH+IR) neurons in SN associated with increasing motor dysfunction. In this study, ...
Iwashita Takuji - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in patients with surgically altered anatomy is challenging. Several endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biliary access techniques have been reported as effective alternatives. EUS-guided antegrade treatments (AG) have been developed more recently but have not yet been studied well. AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of EUS-AG ...
Kiencke Verena - - 2013
Most of the daily work of forensic toxicologists deals with fatal cases resulting from overdoses of licit and illicit drugs. However, another reason for fatalities in patients suffering from epilepsy can be undetectable or subtherapeutic levels of antiepileptic drugs. Some studies have shown a correlation between "sudden unexpected death in ...
Li Yonghua - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between blood lead and serum creatinine and blood lead and serum urea nitrogen levels as biomarkers of lead exposure from subjects living in a historic polymetallic mining area in China. Elevated levels were found for blood lead, serum creatinine, and serum urea nitrogen ...
Shitrit Ariella Bar-Gil - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Long-term pulmonary reflux-related symptoms following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) have not been reported. METHODS: We designed a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients who underwent LAGB or LSG between January 2000 and December 2010. All patients provided detailed history and physical examination. We assessed ...
Li Xiaoming - - 2013
Previous studies revealed apoptosis as an only programmed cell death (PCD) during renal morphogenesis before alternative type of PCD, necroptosis were introduced. Evidences of non-apoptotic PCD during renal development were scarce and needed to be accumulated. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether non-apoptotic PCD is involved in ...
Arguello Blanca - - 2013
Background Medicines compendia, also called formularies, are the most commonly used drug information source among health care professionals. Objective The aim was to identify the countries publishing medicines compendia and the socio-demographic factors associated to this fact. Additionally, we sought to determine the use of foreign compendia in countries lacking ...
Flores-Méndez Marco A - - 2013
Glutamate (Glu), the major excitatory amino acid, activates a wide variety of signal transduction cascades. Synaptic plasticity relies on activity-dependent differential protein expression. Glu receptors have been critically involved in long-term synaptic changes, although recent findings suggest that Na(+)-dependent Glu transporters participate in Glu-induced signalling. Within the cerebellum, Bergmann glia ...
Hui Y - - 2013
PURPOSE:    Our purpose was to identify what surgical skills trainees consider important to possess before performing in the operating room and the components of an optimal simulator. METHODS:    An online survey composed of 35 questions was completed by 67 orthopedic residents from across Canada. The questions examined the opinions of ...
Jeff Janina M - - 2013
Electrocardiographic (ECG) measurements vary by ancestry. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified loci that contribute to ECG measurements; however, most are performed in Europeans collected from population-based cohorts or surveys. The strongest associations reported are in NOS1AP with QT interval and SCN10A with PR and QRS durations. The extent to ...
Arps David P DP Department of Pathology, University of Michigan Health System, 1500 E. Medical Center Dr., 2G340, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2013
Invasive ductal carcinoma with lobular features (IDC-L) is not recognized as a distinct subtype of breast cancer, and its clinicopathologic features and outcomes are unknown. In this retrospective study, we focused on characterization of clinicopathologic features and outcomes of IDC-L and compared them to invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and invasive ...
Adak Atanu - - 2013
High-altitude (HA) visitors like pilgrims, trackers, scientists and military personnel face a group of nonspecific gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms during acclimatization to hypobaric hypoxia. In order to investigate the alteration of indigenous gastrointestinal microbiota in the development of such GI symptoms, an experiment was conducted for the enumeration of dominant cultivable ...
Dietrich Tobias J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the radiation dose, workflow, patient comfort, and financial break-even of a standard digital radiography and a biplanar low-dose X-ray system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A standard digital radiography system (Ysio, Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen, Germany) was compared with a biplanar X-ray unit (EOS, EOS imaging, Paris, France) consisting of ...
Swietek Natalia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Solid organ recipients have a substantial risk of developing bladder cancer, with high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) being the most frequent diagnosis. Theoretically, adjuvant bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy is contraindicated, but limited data indicate its feasibility. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ...
Polito Angelo - - 2013
PURPOSE: To study the association between congenital heart diseases (CHD) and in-hospital mortality and morbidity of very preterm/very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: The area-based prospective cohort study ACTION included all infants with gestational age (GA) 22-31 weeks or birth weight <1,500 g admitted to neonatal care between July 2003 and ...
Qin X - - 2013
Testosterone is the major precursor of estradiol (E2) in men. We hypothesized that, in metastatic prostate cancer, androgen deprivation therapy suppression of serum androgen to the castration level may also disrupt serum E2 level, and variation in serum E2 level might play a role in the development of castration-resistant prostate ...
Johansson-Persson Anna - - 2013
The objective was to investigate the alterations of plasma metabolome profiles to identify exposure and effect markers of dietary fiber intake. Subjects (n = 25) aged 58.6 (1.1) years (mean and SD) with a body mass index of 26.6 (0.5) kg/m(2) were given a high fiber (HF) and a low fiber (LF) diet, in ...
Yamada Shigeru S Division of Pharmacology, National Institute of Health Sciences, 1-18-1, Kamiyoga, Setagaya-ku 158-8501, - - 2013
Organotin compounds such as tributyltin (TBT) are known to cause various forms of cytotoxicity, including developmental toxicity and neurotoxicity. However, the molecular target of the toxicity induced by nanomolar levels of TBT has not been identified. In the present study, we found that exposure to 100 nM TBT induced growth ...
Chin Eunice H - - 2013
The effects of early environmental conditions can profoundly affect individual development and adult phenotype. In birds, limiting resources can affect growth as nestlings, but also fitness and survival as adults. Following periods of food restriction, individuals may accelerate development, undergoing a period of rapid "catch-up" growth, in an attempt to ...
Sha Weixiao - - 2013
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) supports the growth of a spectrum of cancers. The potential benefit of COX-2-inhibiting non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for cancer treatment is however limited by their well-known cardiovascular side-effects. Therefore, targeting microsomal PGE synthase 1 (mPGES-1), the downstream enzyme in the COX-2-dependent pathway of PGE2 ...
Umoren Elizabeth Bassey - - 2013
The antiretroviral is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of nevirapine (NVP) administration on gastric acid secretion, pepsin secretion, mucosal secretion, intestinal motility, and transit using apparently healthy albino Wistar rats. Eighty albino Wistar rats (50-125 g body ...
Pantoja-Feliciano Ida Gisela - - 2013
The birth canal provides mammals with a primary maternal inoculum, which develops into distinctive body site-specific microbial communities post-natally. We characterized the distal gut microbiota from birth to weaning in mice. One-day-old mice had colonic microbiota that resembled maternal vaginal communities, but at days 3 and 9 of age there ...
Sreedharan Dinesh T - - 2013
Intramolecular conjugate displacement (ICD), the process illustrated in , has been applied to the Morita-Baylis-Hillman adducts formed from (5S)-5-(l-menthyloxy)-2(5H)-furanone and aldehydes that are substituted in the γ- or δ-position by geminal phenylthio groups. When the initial Morita-Baylis-Hillman alcohols are acetylated and oxidized to geminal sulfones, deprotonation causes ring closure by ...
Hoi K H - - 2013
The immunoglobulin lambda (IGL) repertoires from two unrelated human blood samples, three NOD-scid-IL2Rγ(null) mice engrafted with human hematopoietic stem cells and two pairs of monozygotic twin blood samples were determined by Roche 454 sequencing to generate a total of about 700 000 IGL sequences. We applied bioinformatic analysis to examine IGL ...
Niezgoda Julie J Department of Pediatric Anesthesiology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, - - 2013
Mitochondrial disease, once thought to be a rare clinical entity, is now recognized as an important cause of a wide range of neurologic, cardiac, muscle, and endocrine disorders . The incidence of disorders of the respiratory chain alone is estimated to be about 1 per 4-5000 live births, similar to ...
Hamamura Kazunori - - 2013
In response to various stresses including viral infection, nutrient deprivation, and stress to the endoplasmic reticulum, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF2α) is phosphorylated to cope with stress induced apoptosis. Although bone cells are sensitive to environmental stresses that alter the phosphorylation level of eIF2α, little is known about ...
Ning Wei - - 2013
Angle-dependent magnetoconductance was measured on an individual surface-curved Bi2Te3 single-crystal nanowire fabricated by electrochemical deposition, where the evolution of surface conduction with wire diameters was investigated. It was found that the magnetoconductance of these nanowires in low field regime can be well described by one-dimensional (1D) weak antilocalization (WAL) model, ...
von Schoen-Angerer Tido - - 2013
An independent evaluation of the Affordable Medicine Facility for malaria (AMFm) pilot phase has hailed it as a success, but important limitations and unanswered questions remain. In 2012, the board of the Global Fund decided to integrate the AMFm into country grants by 2014. This means that countries now need ...
Gutenberg A - - 2013
Current treatment strategies in patients with newly-diagnosed glioblastoma include surgical resection with post-operative radiotherapy and concomitant/adjuvant temozolomide (the "Stupp protocol") or resection with implantation of 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) wafers in the surgical cavity followed by radiotherapy. In clinical practice, patients with malignant glioma treated with BCNU wafer often also receive adjuvant ...
Meola Giovanni - - 2013
Neuromuscular diseases Myotonic Dystrophies type 1 and type 2 (DM1 and DM2) are caused by unstable CTG and CCTG repeat expansions and have highly complex molecular mechanisms. DM1 is caused by the expansion of CTG repeats in the 3' UTR of the gene coding for Dystrophia Myotonica-Protein Kinase (DMPK). In ...
Li J - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: ATP links changes in glucose metabolism to electrical activity, Ca(2+) signalling and insulin secretion in pancreatic beta cells. There is evidence that beta cell metabolism oscillates, but little is known about ATP dynamics at the plasma membrane, where regulation of ion channels and exocytosis occur. METHODS: The sub-plasma-membrane ATP ...
Berg Regan J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In asymptomatic patients with penetrating thoracic trauma and a normal initial chest x-ray, successive prospective trials have decreased the minimum observation period required for exclusion of significant injury from 6 to 3 h. Despite the quality of these studies, this interval remains arbitrary and the true requisite observation time for ...
Lange Marilyne M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Variabilities of both oncologic and functional outcomes are major problems after rectal cancer treatment. Standardized techniques might produce more consistent surgical quality. This study reports outcomes during a 20-year period resulting from a systematically applied surgical approach. METHODS: Between 1990 and 2010, 368 rectal cancer patients, treated with total ...
Zeyner A - - 2013
Based on a series of exercise tests which included the estimation of sweat losses, this article proposes a novel sweat scoring system for exercising horses. This provides a practical estimate of individual animal exercise-induced sweat losses, based on visible appearance of sweat on the coat after work, which takes into ...
Allo Gonzalo - - 2013
Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is a rare disease with painful cutaneous photosensitivity, in which patients are recommended to avoid sun exposure, and wear sunscreen and adequate clothing. Our aim was to study bone mineral density (BMD) and other mineral parameters, including serum 25(OH)D levels, to evaluate the impact of these measures ...
Fidaleo Marco - - 2013
Triclosan (TCS), an antimicrobial agent widely used in consumer and medical products, was complexed with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) and methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD). Phase-solubility studies indicated that inclusion complexes of 1:1 stoichiometry were formed and allowed estimation of the associated equilibrium constants and free-energy changes. At the highest cyclodextrin concentrations investigated, an almost ...
Zhang Hao - - 2013
AIMS: The intravenous anesthetic propofol caused episodic memory impairments in human. We hypothesized propofol caused episodic-like spatial memory retention but not acquisition impairments in rats and rescuing cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) signaling using selective type IV phosphodiesterase (PDEIV) inhibitor rolipram reversed these effects. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized ...
Vida Margarita M Laboratorio de Medicina Regenerativa, IBIMA, Málaga, - - 2013
LFABP plays a critical role in the uptake and intracellular transport of fatty acids (FA) and other peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) ligands. PPARα activation by PPARα ligands bound to LFABP results in gene expression of FA oxidation enzymes and de novo LFABP. The cytokine IL-6 is involved in regulating ...
Wang Chunyan - - 2013
ITO/Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 contacts and Ag nanoparticles were used to construct a novel ferroelectric film photocathode exhibiting a stable short-circuit photocurrent of 110 μA cm(-2) and an open-circuit voltage of 0.76 V under 100 mW cm(-2) Xe-lamp illumination and zero-bias versus SCE.
Quigley Harry A HA Glaucoma Center of Excellence, Wilmer Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
Considerable evidence indicates that the state of ocular connective tissues and their response in glaucomatous disease affect the degree of glaucoma damage. Both experimental and clinical data suggest that improved diagnostic and prognostic information can be derived from the assessment of the mechanical responsiveness of the sclera and lamina cribrosa ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2013
Observational clinical studies have demonstrated that only 30-40 % of patients with arterial hypertension achieve the recommended blood pressure goals (below 140/90 mmHg). In contrast, interventional trials consistently showed that it is possible to achieve effective blood pressure targets in about 70 % of treated hypertensive patients with different cardiovascular risk profiles, especially ...
Zhu Cairong - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: There is evidence indicating that the trends in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence rates in the United States differ according to CRC subsites, including for ascending cancer which has shown a different pattern from the overall trends. We investigated the time trends for ascending and descending colon cancer in the ...
Mo Xiao-Dong - - 2013
To validate the predictive ability of the Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation-Specific Comorbidity Index (HCT-CI) on the outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients who received transplants from partially matched related donors (PMRD), a total of 526 patients who received PMRD HSCT between January 2006 and December 2009 at the Institute ...
Kao Po-Min - - 2013
In this study, a SYBR green quantitative real-time PCR was developed to quantify and detect the Legionella spp. in various environmental water samples. The water samples were taken from watershed, water treatment plant, and thermal spring area in Taiwan. Legionella was detected in 13.6 % (24/176), and the detection rate for ...
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