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Results 301 - 350 of 2429
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Choi Yong-June - - 2013
In this work, we investigated the use of a homogeneous Al-doped zinc oxide (AZO) buffer layer to improve the performance of an organic light emitting diode (OLED) device fabricated on an AZO anode. For this, 10-nm-thick AZO buffer layers with Al doping concentrations of 3.1, 4.1, and 5.1 at.% were ...
Cecchi Michele - - 2013
Background Recurrent glioblastoma is nearly always fatal, with median survival rates of approximately 12-14 months. Previous phase II clinical trials showed promising results with bevacizumab, alone or in combination with irinotecan, in patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Objective To assess whether the survival of patients with recurrent glioblastoma receiving bevacizumab alone or ...
Disch Sabrina - - 2013
The mesostructure of ordered arrays of anisotropic nanoparticles is controlled by a combination of packing constraints and interparticle interactions, two factors that are strongly dependent on the particle morphology. We have investigated how the degree of truncation of iron oxide nanocubes controls the mesostructure and particle orientation in drop cast ...
Rempe Inga - - 2013
Fusarium toxin-contaminated ground maize was hydrothermally treated in the presence of different combinations of chemicals in order to simultaneously reduce zearalenone (ZEA) and deoxynivalenol (DON) concentrations. Treatments were carried out in a laboratory conditioner at 80 °C and 17 % moisture. Six different treatments were performed, consisting of 3 doses of methylamine ...
Rodríguez Antonio - - 2013
The Birama Swamp is the second largest wetland in the Caribbean region and it is inhabited by large populations of waterbirds. Here we report, for the first time, the foraging ecology and pollutant levels of three Ardeidae species: Cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis), Snowy egret (Egretta thula), and Tricolored heron (E. ...
Balme Sébastien - - 2013
Specific separations of protons and cations are usually performed by electromembrane processes, which require external electric energy. An easier process would be using a membrane able to separate both entities by passive diffusion. Presently, such synthetic nanoporous membranes do not exist. Here, we report the production of a robust hybrid ...
Karippacheril John George - - 2013
A 62 year old male with a right pyriform fossa lesion extending to the right arytenoid and obscuring the glottic inlet was planned for laser assisted excision. Direct laryngoscopic assessment after topicalization of the airway, showed a Cormack Lehane grade 3 view. We report a case where, in the absence of ...
Choudhury Natasha - - 2013
The Rapid Diagnostic Clinic (RDC) was introduced to comply with NICE recommendations for improving head and neck cancer services (National Institute of Clinical Excellence 2004 Improving outcomes in head and neck cancer: the manual. NICE, London). It provides multi-modality specialist assessment for new referrals, with on-site sonography and cytology. We ...
Brown Travis E - - 2013
TRPV (transient receptor potential, vanilloid) channels are a family of nonselective cation channels that are activated by a wide variety of chemical and physical stimuli. TRPV1 channels are highly expressed in sensory neurons in the peripheral nervous system. However, a number of studies have also reported TRPV channels in the ...
Coquerel David - - 2013
Septic shock has a high mortality rate, partially related to myocardial dysfunction. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFAs) possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, but whether omega-3 PUFAs exert beneficial effects on myocardial function is unknown. We investigated, in a rat model of endotoxic shock, the effects of omega-3 PUFAs pretreatment on ...
Yehouenou A Pazou Elisabeth - - 2013
To determine possible human and environmental health risks, organochlorine pesticide residues were determined in vegetables grown in floodplains along the Ouémé River near Lowé in Bénin. Testing of vegetables found 13 pesticides with ΣDDT, α-endosulfan, Σdrin, and lindane being most important. The same pesticides were also detected in plants eaten ...
Hill B - - 2013
Limiting gestational weight gain (GWG) to recommended levels is important to optimize health outcomes for mother and baby. Surprisingly, a recent review revealed that theory-based interventions to limit GWG were less effective than interventions that did not report a theory-base; however, strict criteria were used to identify theory-informed studies. We ...
Fan Xiaobin - - 2013
Cervical squamous carcinoma is a highly invasive tumour that has a great capacity to metastasise. Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN or CD147), a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily, is a widely distributed cell surface glycoprotein. It is highly expressed on malignant tumour cell surfaces, including human cervical squamous carcinoma. It ...
Zhang Liuping - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of proteasome inhibitor MG132 in cancer cachexia and to delineate the molecular mechanism underlying. METHODS: We established an experimental cancer cachexia model by subcutaneously implanting colon 26 cells into the armpits of BALB/c mice. Following administration of MG132 at various time points, body weight, food ...
Hölzel Michael - - 2013
Immunotherapies, signal transduction inhibitors and chemotherapies can successfully achieve remissions in advanced stage cancer patients, but durable responses are rare. Using malignant melanoma as a paradigm, we propose that therapy-induced injury to tumour tissue and the resultant inflammation can activate protective and regenerative responses that represent a shared resistance mechanism ...
Sentell Tetine - - 2013
Native Hawaiians and Filipinos are disproportionately impacted by cancer and are less likely to participate in cancer screening than whites. Limited information exists about health information pathways and health communication challenges as they relate to cancer screening in these groups. Six focus groups (n = 77) of Native Hawaiian and Filipino women ...
Kashihara Koji - - 2013
Involuntary microsaccades and voluntary saccades reflect human brain activities during attention and cognitive tasks. Our eye movements can also betray our emotional state. However, the effects of attention to emotion on microsaccadic activity remain unknown. The present study was conducted in healthy volunteers to investigate the effects of devoting attention ...
Li Lin - - 2013
Protein phosphorylation and dephosphorylation events play a key role in memory formation and various protein kinases and phosphatases have been firmly associated with memory performance. Here, we determined expression changes of protein kinases and phosphatases following retrieval of spatial memory in CD1 mice in a Morris Water Maze task, using ...
Bamford Laura - - 2013
Emergency Departments (EDs) provide primary healthcare to many underserved persons without access to preventive healthcare elsewhere. We conducted a cross-sectional study to test the hypothesis that patients are more likely to express a willingness to accept rapid HIV testing in the ED if they lack access to preventive healthcare elsewhere. ...
Rodriguez-Falces Javier - - 2013
Introduction: To investigate differences in twitch and M-wave potentiation in the quadriceps femoris when electrical stimulation is applied over the quadriceps muscle belly versus the femoral nerve trunk. Methods: M-waves and mechanical twitches were evoked using direct quadriceps muscle and femoral nerve stimulation between 48 successive isometric maximal voluntary contractions ...
Mann Eva - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIP) are an important cause of adverse medication-related events and increases morbidity, hospitalization, and health care costs, especially in nursing home residents. However, little is known about the associations between PIP and residents' characteristics. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to analyse the prevalence and ...
Chen X - - 2013
Obesity, a chronic, low-grade inflammatory disease, is associated with alterations of multiple immune-cell components in the visceral adipose tissue (VAT), in which CD4(+) Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been suggested to be a critical regulator. This review focuses on the current understanding of VAT-resident Tregs (VAT Tregs) and their ...
Ge Dan - - 2013
A stable and fast method for constructing a neural-like tissue from rat neural stem/progenitor cells (rNS/PCs) based on three-dimensional (3D) collagen gel is described. First step, the collagen-embedded rNS/PCs expanded with the medium consisting of DMEM/F12/RPMI1640 (1:1:1) supplemented with EGF and bFGF was used to expand the cells in gel ...
Schramm Patrick - - 2013
PURPOSE: In chronic renal failure, intermittent hemodialysis decreases cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV); however, in critically ill patients with acute renal failure, the effect of continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD) on CBFV and cerebrovascular autoregulation (AR) is unknown. Therefore, a study was undertaken to investigate the potential effect of CVVHD on ...
Warth Lydia - - 2013
A newly designed site-specific recombination system is presented which allows multiple targeted markerless deletions. The most frequently used tool for removing selection markers or to introduce genes by recombination-mediated cassette exchange is the Cre/loxP system. Many mutant loxP sites have been created for this purpose. However, this study presents a ...
Gowda Meghana - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To unify and organize reporting, an International Urogynecological Association (IUGA)/International Continence Society (ICS) expert consortium published terminology guidelines with a classification system for complications related to implants used in female pelvic surgery. We hypothesize that the complexity of the codification system may be a hindrance to precision, ...
Johnson Jamie L - - 2013
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a painful, ulcerating neutrophilic dermatosis commonly associated with a variety of underlying systemic conditions. We report a child with neurofibromatosis-1 (NF-1) and an aseptic splenic abscess who developed multifocal PG in areas of iatrogenic skin trauma. There is no clinical evidence or theoretical basis to suggest ...
Varol Memet - - 2013
Multivariate statistical techniques, such as analysis of variance, cluster analysis (CA), correlation analysis, principal component analysis (PCA), and factor analysis (FA), were applied to determine the spatial and temporal variations of dissolved heavy metals in the Tigris River at 7 different sites spread over the river stretch of about 500 km ...
Lahiri Rima - - 2013
The importance of glycosidase inhibitors and especially the bicyclic molecules has led to design and assessment of many analogs of naturally occurring molecules. This review focuses on the synthesis and enzyme inhibitions of a few selected (synthetic or non-naturally occurring) molecules that have been reported in the last decade, which ...
Guo Min - - 2013
When compared to other conserved housekeeping protein families, such as ribosomal proteins, during the evolution of higher eukaryotes, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) show an apparent high propensity to add new sequences, and especially new domains. The stepwise emergence of those new domains is consistent with their involvement in a broad range ...
Furusawa Rina - - 2013
We recently identified 2,4-dihydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-thiophenone (DHDMT) from soy sauce as a low-molecular-weight pigment formed by the Maillard reaction. DHDMT has also been reported as an aroma compound in a model system and a biologically active compound of heated garlic. To utilize these functions efficiently, we here examined how DHDMT was formed ...
Torrelo Antonio - - 2013
We present the case of a congenital, deep ulcer of the buttock in an otherwise healthy newborn girl. Histopathology excluded any specific cause of ulceration. The ulcer healed spontaneously at 4 weeks of age, leaving a scar. Because the patient also had symmetrical pits on her knees and because the ulcer ...
Nakashima Kazuo - - 2013
KEY MESSAGE : We review the recent progress on ABA signaling, especially ABA signaling for ABA-dependent gene expression, including the AREB/ABF regulon, SnRK2 protein kinase, 2C-type protein phosphatases and ABA receptors. Drought negatively impacts plant growth and the productivity of crops. Drought causes osmotic stress to organisms, and the osmotic ...
Su Chia-Wei - - 2013
A newly-designed drug carrier with enzyme-triggered release behavior and the ability to circumvent multidrug resistance was successfully developed. By optimizing the ratio of lecithin and polysaccharide in reverse micelles, encapsulation efficiency and encapsulation stability can be significantly improved.
Porter John R - - 2013
This paper is part review and part opinion piece; it has three parts of increasing novelty and speculation in approach. The first presents an overview of how some of the major crop simulation models approach the issue of simulating the responses of crops to changing climatic and weather variables, mainly ...
Shadel William G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are almost no data on whether the different channels through which pro-smoking media appear (i.e., point-of-sale advertising, movie smoking) differently influence smoking. PURPOSE: This study used ecological momentary assessment to examine whether differences in smoking risk were observed for exposures to different pro-smoking media channels. METHODS: College students ...
Chin Eunice H - - 2013
The effects of early environmental conditions can profoundly affect individual development and adult phenotype. In birds, limiting resources can affect growth as nestlings, but also fitness and survival as adults. Following periods of food restriction, individuals may accelerate development, undergoing a period of rapid "catch-up" growth, in an attempt to ...
Sha Weixiao - - 2013
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) supports the growth of a spectrum of cancers. The potential benefit of COX-2-inhibiting non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for cancer treatment is however limited by their well-known cardiovascular side-effects. Therefore, targeting microsomal PGE synthase 1 (mPGES-1), the downstream enzyme in the COX-2-dependent pathway of PGE2 ...
Umoren Elizabeth Bassey - - 2013
The antiretroviral is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of nevirapine (NVP) administration on gastric acid secretion, pepsin secretion, mucosal secretion, intestinal motility, and transit using apparently healthy albino Wistar rats. Eighty albino Wistar rats (50-125 g body ...
Imai Takashi - - 2013
Recent studies show that some human malaria parasite species Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax parasitize erythroblasts; however, the biological and clinical significance of this is unclear. To investigate further, we generated a rodent malaria parasite (P. yoelii 17XNL) expressing GFP-ovalbumin (OVA). Its infectivity to erythroblasts was confirmed, and parasitized erythroblasts ...
Eskandari Mehrzad - - 2013
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] seed oil is the primary global source of edible oil and a major renewable and sustainable feedstock for biodiesel production. Therefore, increasing the relative oil concentration in soybean is desirable; however, that goal is complex due to the quantitative nature of the oil concentration trait ...
Sharman J E - - 2013
Blood pressure (BP) is conventionally measured by cuff at the brachial artery as an indication of pressure experienced by the organs. However, individual variation in pulse pressure amplification means that brachial cuff BP may be a poor representation of true central BP. Estimation of central BP is now possible using ...
Menko Fred H - - 2013
The diagnosis of Lynch syndrome can lead to the prevention of colorectal cancer through periodic colonoscopies and removal of premalignant lesions in susceptible individuals. Therefore, predisposed individuals identified by mutation analysis are advised to inform their at-risk relatives about the options of predictive DNA testing and preventive measures. However, it ...
O'Blenes Catherine - - 2013
Lipoid proteinosis (LP) is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis caused by mutations in extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM1) that involves deposition of basement membrane-like material in the skin and other organs. Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is also a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis involving susceptibility to human papillomavirus (HPV) infections and squamous ...
Cho Hye-Ryun - - 2013
A simple analytical method based on the simultaneous measurement of the luminescence of hexavalent uranium ions (U(VI)) and the Raman scattering of water, was investigated for determining the concentration of U(VI) in aqueous solutions. Both spectra were measured using a cw semiconductor laser beam at a center wavelength of 405 ...
Tuschy Benjamin - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to investigate reasons for omission of a planned intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) during breast-conserving surgery (BCS). Between 2002 and 2009, in 297 women an IORT during BCS was planned. In 55 women this irradiation was finally not performed. We retrospectively analyzed pre-, peri-, and postoperative ...
Kaczorowski Maciej - - 2013
Forkhead box P3 (Foxp3)(+) T regulatory (Treg) cells are powerful controllers of the immune response and their role in the human immune system is indispensable. Since a number of revolutionary and very convincing results were brought to light, Foxp3 has unquestionably been thought to be the "master regulator" of Treg ...
Borgatti Francesco - - 2013
We have investigated the role of the electroforming process in the establishment of resistive switching behaviour for Pt/Ti/Pr0.5Ca0.5MnO3/SrRuO3 layered heterostructures (Pt/Ti/PCMO/SRO) acting as non-volatile Resistance Random Access Memories (RRAMs). Electron spectroscopy measurements demonstrate that the higher resistance state resulting from electroforming of as-prepared devices is strictly correlated with the oxidation ...
Caruthers Allison S - - 2013
Adolescent study participants who engaged in a brief, family-centered intervention (the Family Check-Up, FCU) were later assessed for the intervention's effects on high-risk sexual behavior (HRSB) in early adulthood (age 22). Participants (N = 998 adolescents and their families) were randomly assigned to a family-centered intervention in sixth grade and were offered ...
Alba Emilio - - 2013
Aim: The COSTABRAX study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel) versus polyethylated castor oil-based standard paclitaxel (sb-paclitaxel) in the treatment of patients with previously treated metastatic breast cancer in Spain. Materials & methods: Efficacy data were obtained from the CA012 trial (nab-paclitaxel administered every 3 weeks [q3w] and ...
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