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Results 201 - 250 of 2429
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Mori Reika - - 2013
Three new terpenoids, opaciniols A-C (1-3), were isolated from the barks of Garcinia opaca, together with malabarica-17,21-dien-3β,14-diol (4) and 13βH-malabarica-14,17,21-trien-3β-ol (5). Their structures were determined on the basis of NMR spectroscopic data. 3 and 4 showed moderate cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells.
Landau Susan M - - 2013
Objective: We examined agreement and disagreement between two biomarkers of Aß deposition (amyloid PET and CSF Aß1-42 ) in normal aging and dementia in a large multicenter study. Methods: Concurrently acquired florbetapir-PET and CSF Aß were measured in cognitively normal, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) participants (N=374) ...
Gyselinck Valérie - - 2013
The aim of this study is to broaden our understanding of the construction and early decline of spatial mental representations in route learning, considering the extent to which spatial ability and age-related differences in environment learning interact. The experiment examines spatial mental representation derived from taking a realistic route acquired ...
Kim Yu-Jin - - 2013
Multicellular layers (MCL) of cancer cells is an in vitro 3-dimensional (3D) model that mimics avascular microregions of human solid tumors and has been shown to be useful in pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic studies of anticancer agents. We investigated whether Ki-67, which is widely used as a proliferation marker, can be used to ...
Ramesh Pradeep - - 2013
Syndapin 1 FBAR, a member of the Bin-amphiphysin-Rvs (BAR) domain protein family, is known to induce membrane curvature and is an essential component in biological processes like endocytosis and formation and growth of neurites. We quantify the curvature sensing of FBAR on reconstituted porcine brain lipid vesicles and show that ...
Kesler Shelli R - - 2013
Breast cancer survivors are at increased risk for cognitive dysfunction, which reduces quality of life. Neuroimaging studies provide critical insights regarding the mechanisms underlying these cognitive deficits as well as potential biologic targets for interventions. We measured several metabolite concentrations using (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy as well as cognitive performance ...
Hughes Harriet - - 2013
Experiments and field trials have shown that the intracellular bacterium Wolbachia may be introduced into populations of the mosquito Aedes aegypti, the primary vector for dengue fever. In the absence of Wolbachia, a mosquito acquiring the dengue virus from an infected human enters an exposed (infected but not infectious) period ...
Bazrafshan Babak - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate magnetic resonance (MR) temperature imaging of the laser-induced thermotherapy (LITT) comparing the proton resonance frequency (PRF) and T 1 thermometry methods. LITT was applied to a liver-mimicking acrylamide gel phantom. Temperature rise up to 70 °C was measured using a MR-compatible fiber-optic thermometer. ...
Núñez-Pons Laura - - 2013
Alcyonacean soft corals lack physical or skeletal defenses and their nematocyst system is weak, leading to the conclusion that soft corals mainly rely on chemistry for protection from predators and microbes. Defensive chemicals of primary and secondary metabolic origin are exuded in the mucus surface layer, explaining the general lack ...
Bassi Ana Paula Guarnieri - - 2013
The alcoholic fermentation in Brazil displays some peculiarities because the yeast used is recycled in a non-aseptic process. After centrifugation, the cells are treated with acid to control the bacterial growth. However, it is difficult to manage the indigenous yeasts without affecting the main culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This work ...
Kiso Maki - - 2013
Influenza A(H1N1)pdm virus caused the first human pandemic of the 21st century. Although various probiotic Lactobacillus species have been shown to have anti-microbial effects against pneumonia-inducing pathogens, the prophylactic efficacy and mechanisms behind their protection remain largely unknown. Here, we evaluated the prophylactic efficacy of heat-killed Lactobacillus pentosus b240 against ...
Goldberg Mary R - - 2013
Team-based design courses focused on products for people with disabilities have become relatively common, in part because of training grants such as the NSF Research to Aid Persons with Disabilities course grants. An output from these courses is an annual description of courses and projects but has yet to be ...
Xu Baitian - - 2013
A new yeast antagonist, Pichia caribbica, isolated in our laboratory from the soil collected from unsprayed orchards, was evaluated for its biocontrol capability against Rhizopus stolonifer on peaches and the possible mechanisms involved. The decay incidence and lesion diameter of Rhizopus decay of peaches treated by P. caribbica were significantly ...
Schlegel Alexander - - 2013
In the early 1980s, Libet found that a readiness potential (RP) over central scalp locations begins on average several hundred milliseconds before the reported time of awareness of willing to move (W). Haggard and Eimer Exp Brain Res 126(1):128-133, (1999) later found no correlation between the timing of the RP ...
Ustaalioglu Bala Basak Oven - - 2013
Although oncological treatments are improving, the prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients has not. Several biomarkers related to prognosis have been evaluated, and M30 and M65 have been reported to be higher in patients with NSCLC than in healthy people. In the current study, we evaluated the clinical importance ...
McGillen Jessica B - - 2013
We model the metabolism and behaviour of a developing cancer tumour in the context of its microenvironment, with the aim of elucidating the consequences of altered energy metabolism. Of particular interest is the Warburg Effect, a widespread preference in tumours for cytosolic glycolysis rather than oxidative phosphorylation for glucose breakdown, ...
Balderramas Helanderson A - - 2013
Paracoccidioidomycosis is a human systemic mycosis caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. The mechanisms involved in innate immune response to this fungus are not fully elucidated. Leukotrienes are known to be critical for the clearance of various microorganisms, mainly by mediating the microbicidal function of phagocytes. We investigated the involvement ...
Tshori Sagi - - 2013
In this chapter we describe aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS) production of dinucleotide polyphosphate in response to stimuli, their interaction with various signaling pathways, and the role of diadenosine tetraphosphate and diadenosine triphosphate as second messengers. The primary role of aaRS is to mediate aminoacylation of cognate tRNAs, thereby providing a central ...
Weidner Jessica M - - 2013
Host cell manipulation is an important feature of the obligate intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Recent reports have shown that the tachyzoite stages subvert dendritic cells (DC) as a conduit for dissemination (Trojan horse) during acute infection. To examine the cellular basis of these processes, we performed a detailed analysis of ...
Xia Xiaohua - - 2013
A number of genetic studies have established that Sox10 is a transcription factor associated with neurogenesis in vertebrates. We have isolated a homologue of Sox10 gene from the brain of Misgurnus anguillicaudatus by using homologous cloning and RACE method, designated as MaSox10b. The full-length cDNA of MaSox10b contained a 311 bp ...
Matsuda Takanori - - 2013
A formal [4 + 2] annulation occurs between 1,3-disubstituted cyclobutenols and internal alkynes in the presence of rhodium(i) catalysts to afford 1,2,3,5-tetrasubstituted benzenes. These benzannulation products are generated through dehydration of the initially formed cyclohexadienols.
Thomas S - - 2013
Most countries still do not achieve 1 IU of factor VIII/capita sufficient for survival. Although primary prophylaxis prevents synovitis, is not universally used. Chronic synovitis is treated with arthroscopy at expense of considerable amount of coagulation factors, and specialized surgeons. Radioactive synovectomy (RS) is a minimally invasive and cost effective alternative ...
Eller Cleiton B - - 2013
Foliar water uptake (FWU) is a common water acquisition mechanism for plants inhabiting temperate fog-affected ecosystems, but the prevalence and consequences of this process for the water and carbon balance of tropical cloud forest species are unknown. We performed a series of experiments under field and glasshouse conditions using a ...
Buljubasich Lisandro - - 2013
The alignment of the nuclear spins in parahydrogen can be transferred to other molecules by a homogeneously catalyzed hydrogenation reaction resulting in dramatically enhanced NMR signals. In this chapter we introduce the involved theoretical concepts by two different approaches: the well known, intuitive population approach and the more complex but ...
Kim Jung-Min - - 2013
Infection with Helicobacter pylori leads to gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancer. Moreover, the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-8 and reactive oxygen species increase in the gastric mucosa when exposed to H. pylori. Anthocyanins demonstrate anti-oxidative, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effect of anthocyanins in H. pylori-infected cells is not yet ...
Gerhardt Andreas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is recommended for stable patients with advanced heart failure (HF). PURPOSE: We evaluated expected health benefits of PA and social support as facilitators of PA, and physical symptom distress and psychological distress (depression, anxiety) as barriers to PA. Additionally, we investigated if facilitators of PA are ...
Wu Rui - - 2013
To observe the effects of miR-125b on the differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into neuron-like cells, rat BMSCs were isolated and transfected with Syn-rno-miR-125b* miScript miRNA Mimic (Mimic + BME group), with anti-rno-miR-125b* miScript miRNA Inhibitor (Inhibitor + BME group) and BME control was set up without transfection. Blank controls ...
Wang C - - 2013
The type I interferon system genes IKBKE and IFIH1 are associated with the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). To identify the sequence variants that are able to account for the disease association, we resequenced the genes IKBKE and IFIH1. Eighty-six single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) with potentially functional effect or differences ...
Freedman R - - 2013
Medical intervention for lysosomal storage disorders becomes part of life, shaping the reality of the condition for affected individuals and families. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is available to treat some lysosomal storage disorders. ERT is costly and time consuming, requiring frequent hospital visits to receive intravenous infusions. This qualitative study ...
Fam Hok Khim - - 2013
Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1 (Tdp1) is a DNA repair enzyme that processes blocked 3' ends of DNA breaks. Functional loss of Tdp1 causes spinocerebellar ataxia with axonal neuropathy type 1 (SCAN1). Based on the prominent cytoplasmic expression of Tdp1 in the neurons presumably affected in SCAN1, we hypothesized that Tdp1 participates ...
Franchi Carlotta - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare the geographical differences in the prevalence of chronic polypharmacy in community-dwelling older people over 11 years. METHODS: This study analyzed nearly two million patients aged 65-94 years recorded in the Drug Administrative Database of the Lombardy Region (Northern Italy) from 2000 to 2010. Chronic polypharmacy was defined as taking ...
Chou Kuo-Chen - - 2013
Many molecular biosystems and biomedical systems belong to the multi-label systems in which each of their constituent molecules possesses one or more than one function or feature, and hence needs one or more than one label to indicate its attribute(s). With the avalanche of biological sequences generated in the post ...
Zhu Liang - - 2013
The combination of zero-valent iron (ZVI) with anaerobic sludge for enhancing reductive transformation and dechlorination of p-chloronitrobenzene (p-ClNB) was investigated in this study. p-ClNB was quickly reduced into p-chloroaniline (p-ClAn) and subsequently dechlorinated into aniline in the complex system, and the strengthening factor for pseudo-first-order transformation rate constant of p-ClNB ...
Bayliss M - - 2013
This paper presents a multi-method research project to develop a conceptual framework for measuring outcomes in studies of osteoporotic kyphosis. The research involved literature research and qualitative interviews among clinicians who treat patients with kyphosis and among patients with the condition. INTRODUCTION: Kyphosis due to at least one vertebral compression ...
van Liempd S - - 2013
We developed an assay for the extraction and simultaneous quantitation of five key metabolites of the methionine metabolic pathway in liver tissue. The metabolites included were 5'-methylthioadenosine, methionine, homocysteine, S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine, and S-adenosyl-L-methionine. The metabolites were extracted using a bead-based homogenization method, and quantitation was carried out using hydrophilic interaction chromatography ...
Hine Kristen - - 2013
Some have challenged Thomson's case of the famous unconscious violinist (UV) by arguing that in cases of consensual sex a woman is partially morally responsible for the existence of a needy fetus; since she is partially responsible she ought to assist the fetus, and so abortion is morally wrong. Call ...
Zhan Xuefang - - 2013
A new ionization source based on microwave induced plasma was developed for ambient desorption/ionization. The microwave-induced plasma desorption/ionization source (MIPDI) was composed of a copper Surfatron microwave cavity where a fused-silica tube was centered axially. Stable non-local thermodynamic equilibrium plasma was generated in the quartz discharge tube when a microwave ...
Sood S L - - 2013
Type 3 von Willebrand's disease (VWD) is a rare bleeding diathesis with complete or near complete deficiency of von Willebrand factor (VWF) and low factor VIII (FVIII) levels. In contrast, only FVIII is decreased in haemophilia A (HA). Both disorders are complicated by arthropathy. The purpose of this study was ...
Westbrook Jared W - - 2013
Rapidly enhancing oleoresin production in conifer stems through genomic selection and genetic engineering may increase resistance to bark beetles and terpenoid yield for liquid biofuels. We integrated association genetic and genomic prediction analyses of oleoresin flow (g 24 h(-1) ) using 4854 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in expressed genes within a pedigreed ...
Dufrêne Yves F - - 2013
Cells are constantly exposed to mechanical stimuli in their environment and have several evolved mechanisms to sense and respond to these cues. It is becoming increasingly recognized that many cell types, from bacteria to mammalian cells, possess a diverse set of proteins to translate mechanical cues into biochemical signalling and ...
Krunic Aleksandar L - - 2013
Acral peeling skin syndrome (APSS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder. We used whole-exome sequencing to identify the molecular basis of APSS in a consanguineous Jordanian-American pedigree. We identified a homozygous nonsense mutation (p.Lys22X) in the CSTA gene, encoding cystatin A, that was confirmed using Sanger sequencing. Cystatin A ...
Eid N - - 2013
The presence of variant intercostal and bronchial arteries and variable position of left recurrent laryngeal nerve (LRLN) along the course of thoracic duct (TD) may have clinical relevance in various cervicothoracic surgeries.
Trovato Guglielmo M - - 2013
Background: Association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T gene polymorphism with hyperhomocysteinemia, renal failure, and cardiovascular events is controversial. We investigated the relationship of MTHFR 677C>T polymorphisms with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and renal insufficiency. Methods: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and left myocardial ventricular mass/m2 were assessed in 138 non-diabetic subjects ...
Kuzari D - - 2013
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women. The current study uses the qualitative method to examine breast cancer patients' viewpoint regarding the doctor-patient communication and its implications during their treatment. All the women brought up the same central themes: Assuming an active attitude in their life. ...
Bickenbach K A - - 2013
PURPOSE: To examine the association between positive resection margins and survival and local recurrence in patients with gastric cancer undergoing resection with curative intent. METHODS: Patients who underwent curative intent resection for gastric carcinoma from 1985 to 2010 were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Positive margins were defined as ...
Huang Yong - - 2013
Highly sensitive detection of proteins is essential to biomedical research as well as clinical diagnosis. Here, we develped a novel label-free colorimetric aptasensor based on nicking enzyme assisted signal amplification and DNAzyme amplification for highly sensitive detection of protein. The system consists of a hairpin DNA probe carrying an aptamer ...
Bartlett John M S - - 2013
Results from the NSABP B-28 trial suggest AKT activation may predict reduced benefit from taxanes following standard anthracycline therapy. Pre-clinical data support a link between PI3 K/AKT signalling and taxane resistance. Using the UK taxotere as adjuvant chemotherapy trial (TACT), we tested the hypothesis that activation of AKT or downstream markers, ...
Montecchi M G - - 2013
Background: Posture control appears deeply impaired in patients with severe Acquired Brain Injury (ABI). One of the main goals of neurorehabilitation specialists is to try to assess this neural function in a standardized manner. However, the tests available to evaluate posture control recovery after brain damage were developed for patients ...
Birbaumer Niels - - 2013
Despite considerable growth in the field of brain-computer or brain-machine interface (BCI/BMI) research reflected in several hundred publications each year, little progress was made to enable patients in complete locked-in state (CLIS) to reliably communicate using their brain activity. Independent of the invasiveness of the BCI systems tested, no sustained ...
Arguello Blanca - - 2013
Background Medicines compendia, also called formularies, are the most commonly used drug information source among health care professionals. Objective The aim was to identify the countries publishing medicines compendia and the socio-demographic factors associated to this fact. Additionally, we sought to determine the use of foreign compendia in countries lacking ...
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