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Results 201 - 250 of 2434
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Tshori Sagi - - 2013
In this chapter we describe aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS) production of dinucleotide polyphosphate in response to stimuli, their interaction with various signaling pathways, and the role of diadenosine tetraphosphate and diadenosine triphosphate as second messengers. The primary role of aaRS is to mediate aminoacylation of cognate tRNAs, thereby providing a central ...
Weidner Jessica M - - 2013
Host cell manipulation is an important feature of the obligate intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Recent reports have shown that the tachyzoite stages subvert dendritic cells (DC) as a conduit for dissemination (Trojan horse) during acute infection. To examine the cellular basis of these processes, we performed a detailed analysis of ...
Zhang Jinzhu - - 2013
A mild and efficient synthesis of bicyclic oxazolidinones from quinols and isocyanates, under DBU-mediated conditions at room temperature, is described. The aza-Michael addition to substituted cyclohexadienones is stereoselective and chemoselective.
Cabal Belén - - 2013
Nanocomposites made of non-woven glass fibres with diameters ranging from tens of nanometers up to several micrometers, containing silver nanoparticles, were successfully fabricated by the laser spinning technique. Pellets of a soda-lime silicate glass containing silver nanoparticles with varying concentrations (5 and 10 wt%) were used as a precursor. The ...
Katyal Isha - - 2013
Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) are currently a topic of interest in microbiology due to their role as a prokaryotic immune system. Investigations of CRISPR distribution and characterization to date have focused on pathogenic bacteria, while less is known about CRISPR in commensal bacteria, where they may have ...
Rim You Seung - - 2013
We investigated the formation of ultraviolet (UV)-assisted directly patternable solution-processed oxide semiconductor films and successfully fabricated thin-film transistors (TFTs) based on these films. An InGaZnO (IGZO) solution that was modified chemically with benzoylacetone (BzAc), whose chelate rings decomposed via a π - π* transition as result of UV irradiation, was ...
Edelweiss Marcia - - 2013
Focal extravasated mucin (EM) with benign or atypical epithelium is a rare finding at breast core needle biopsy (CNB) and usually prompts surgical excision to rule out mucin-producing carcinoma. In the largest detailed series to date, we assessed surgical outcomes in lesions yielding EM with atypical or nonatypical epithelium at ...
Farrugia A - - 2013
Prophylaxis has been established as the treatment of choice in children with haemophilia and its continuation into the adult years has been shown to decrease morbidity throughout life. The cost of factor therapy has made the option questionable in cost-effectiveness studies. The role of prophylaxis in pharmacokinetic dosage and tolerization ...
Brandhorst Daniel - - 2013
Human islet isolation is associated with adverse conditions inducing apoptosis and necrosis. The aim of the present study was to assess whether antiapoptotic preconditioning can improve in vitro and posttransplant function of isolated human islets. A dose-finding study demonstrated that 200 μmol/L of the caspase-3 inhibitor Ac-DEVD-CMK was most efficient to ...
Evans Paul J - - 2013
Rigid hydrocarbon macrocycles with radially-oriented π-systems and continuous conjugation have attracted great interest in recent years. These molecular belts have novel optoelectronic properties and host-guest behavior. Certain belts may also ultimately lead to a rational synthesis of carbon nanotubes. The high strain associated with the nonplanar, conjugated backbones requires the ...
Kiany Yazdi Farin - - 2013
Objective: C-reactive protein (CRP) has been implicated as a possible mediator of the association between periodontitis and several systemic diseases. This study evaluated the impact of nonsurgical periodontal treatment on the serum levels of CRP in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on hemodialysis. Methods: A total of 77 CKD patients ...
Jiang Zhi Hao - - 2013
Metamaterials have the potential to create optical devices with new and diverse functionalities based on novel wave phenomena. Most practical optical systems require that the device properties be tightly controlled over a broad wavelength range. However, optical metamaterials are inherently dispersive, which limits operational bandwidths and leads to high absorption ...
Tao S-D - - 2013
HLA-C*01:02:18 shows one nucleotide difference from that of HLA-C*01:02:01 by a single nucleotide substitution at position 474 C>T in exon 3.
Frank Kiana L - - 2013
Few studies have directly measured sulfate reduction at hydrothermal vents, and relatively little is known about how environmental or ecological factors influence rates of sulfate reduction in vent environments. A better understanding of microbially mediated sulfate reduction in hydrothermal vent ecosystems may be achieved by integrating ecological and geochemical data ...
Cremer Jeannette - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of maxillary and infraorbital nerve blocks for prevention of cardiovascular and qualitative responses to rhinoscopy, as well as response to skin clamping after assigned nerve block placement. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled cross-over experimental study. ANIMALS: Eight random-source mixed breed dogs > 1 year old and weighing ...
Lagière M - - 2013
Lesions of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons as seen in Parkinson's disease (PD) increase orofacial responses to serotonergic (5-HT) agonists in rodents. Although this response to 5-HT agonists has been related to aberrant signalling in the basal ganglia, a group a subcortical structures involved in the control of motor behaviours, it deserves ...
Pawlikowski Maciej - - 2013
Recent researches suggest participation of minerals in the formation of life under primordial conditions. Among all of the minerals, quartz seems to be one of the most probable to take part in such processes. However, an external source of energy is needed, e.g. electric discharge. A device simulating the proposed ...
Zhang K - - 2013
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent cardiovascular risk factor; however, the key strategy necessary for LVH regression in hypertensive patients is not clear. A meta-analysis was conducted to study the effect of blood pressure reduction on LVH regression. We explored the relationship between different degrees of systolic blood pressure ...
Hayat Akhtar - - 2013
A novel strategy based on direct electrochemistry of amino group on screen printed carbon electrode surface (SPCE) was purposed. The purposed method was employed for the label free detection of ochratoxin A (OTA). A long spacer arm of hexamethyldiamine was immobilized on SPCE via electrochemical oxidation of its terminal amino-group. ...
Hano Hiroshi - - 2013
The morphogenesis of lobular restructuring to liver cirrhosis in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is yet to be clearly understood. Therefore, we observed tissue samples from three biopsies and one autopsy with NASH in the non-cirrhotic stage three-dimensionally to elucidate the evolution of fibrosis and the changes of angioarchitecture. Histologic reconstructions revealed ...
Cipresso Pietro - - 2013
Research in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) produced inconsistent results in demonstrating an association between patients' symptom severity and their cognitive impairments. The process involved in volition aspects of behavioral syndromes can be extensively analyzed using specific tests developed in virtual environments, more suitable to manipulate rules and possible breaks of the ...
Watson R F RF Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8118, 660 S. Euclid Ave, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2013
Spindle cell carcinoma is an uncommon variant of squamous cell carcinoma characterized by spindled or pleomorphic cells which appear to be a true sarcoma but are actually epithelial. Some head and neck squamous cell carcinoma variants can be human papillomavirus (HPV)-related and have improved outcomes. We sought to determine if ...
Hernández R A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Following intensive care discharge, many patients suffer severe physical and psychological morbidity and a continuing high use of health services. Follow-up programmes have been proposed to improve the outcomes for these patients. We tested the hypothesis that nurse-led intensive care follow-up programmes are cost-effective. METHODS: A pragmatic, multicentre, randomised ...
Rivera Ivan Romero - - 2013
AIMS: There is no definitive and reliable echocardiographic method for estimating the pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) to differentiate persistent vascular disease from dynamic pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the pulmonary venous blood flow velocity-time integral (VTIpv) and PVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen ...
Koeglsperger Thomas T Department of Neurology, Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is a pleiotropic cytokine expressed throughout the CNS. Previous studies demonstrated that TGF-β1 contributes to maintain neuronal survival, but mechanistically this effect is not well understood. We generated a CNS-specific TGF-β1-deficient mouse model to investigate the functional consequences of TGF-β1-deficiency in the adult mouse brain. ...
Xu Yuanguo - - 2013
A novel, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT) modified white C3N4 composite (CNT/white C3N4) with enhanced visible-light-response photoactivity was prepared. The white C3N4 and CNT combined together and formed the CNT/white C3N4 composite due to electrostatically-driven self-assembly with the hydrothermal method. The as-prepared white C3N4 and CNT/white C3N4 composite photocatalyst were characterized ...
Tang Ping - - 2013
The effectiveness of hydroxyapatite (HAP) on volatilization reducing of heavy metals during incineration of tannery sludge was investigated. The tannery sludge was treated through doped with different content of HAP, and then incinerated in the tube furnace at the temperature of 600 °C and 900 °C. The results showed that the volatilization ...
Keller J - - 2013
While skeletal biology was approached in a rather isolated fashion in the past, an increasing understanding of the interplay between extraskeletal organs and bone remodeling has been obtained in recent years. This review will discuss recent advances in the field that have shed light on how the gastrointestinal tract and ...
Kneisel Stefan - - 2013
Serum and urine samples are commonly used for the analysis of synthetic cannabinoids in biofluids; however, their utilization as analytical matrices for drug abstinence control features some substantial drawbacks. While for blood collection invasive sampling is inevitable, the urinary analysis of synthetic cannabinoids is limited by the lack of available ...
Crabtree Kyle N - - 2013
Sulfoxylic acid (HOSOH), a chemical intermediate roughly midway along the path between highly-reduced (H2S) and highly-oxidized sulfur (H2SO4), has been detected using Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy and double resonance techniques, guided by new high-level CCSD(T) quantum-chemical calculations of its molecular structure. Rotational spectra of the two most stable isomers of ...
Xia Xiaohua - - 2013
A number of genetic studies have established that Sox10 is a transcription factor associated with neurogenesis in vertebrates. We have isolated a homologue of Sox10 gene from the brain of Misgurnus anguillicaudatus by using homologous cloning and RACE method, designated as MaSox10b. The full-length cDNA of MaSox10b contained a 311 bp ...
Matsuda Takanori - - 2013
A formal [4 + 2] annulation occurs between 1,3-disubstituted cyclobutenols and internal alkynes in the presence of rhodium(i) catalysts to afford 1,2,3,5-tetrasubstituted benzenes. These benzannulation products are generated through dehydration of the initially formed cyclohexadienols.
Lompré A-M - - 2013
Coronary artery disease represents the leading cause of mortality in the developed world. Percutaneous coronary intervention involving stent placement remains disadvantaged by restenosis or thrombosis. Vascular gene therapy-based methods may be approached, but lack a vascular gene delivery vector. We report a safe and efficient long-term transduction of rat carotid ...
Thomas S - - 2013
Most countries still do not achieve 1 IU of factor VIII/capita sufficient for survival. Although primary prophylaxis prevents synovitis, is not universally used. Chronic synovitis is treated with arthroscopy at expense of considerable amount of coagulation factors, and specialized surgeons. Radioactive synovectomy (RS) is a minimally invasive and cost effective alternative ...
Eller Cleiton B - - 2013
Foliar water uptake (FWU) is a common water acquisition mechanism for plants inhabiting temperate fog-affected ecosystems, but the prevalence and consequences of this process for the water and carbon balance of tropical cloud forest species are unknown. We performed a series of experiments under field and glasshouse conditions using a ...
Lewandowska Anita - - 2013
Fluoride concentrations were determined in PM10 samples collected in the urbanized coastal area of the Baltic Sea (Gdynia) in the period between 1 August 2008 and 8 January 2010. F(-) concentrations remained within the range of 0.4-36.6 ng · m(-3). The economic transformations which have taken place in Poland increasing ecological awareness have ...
Buljubasich Lisandro - - 2013
The alignment of the nuclear spins in parahydrogen can be transferred to other molecules by a homogeneously catalyzed hydrogenation reaction resulting in dramatically enhanced NMR signals. In this chapter we introduce the involved theoretical concepts by two different approaches: the well known, intuitive population approach and the more complex but ...
Kim Jung-Min - - 2013
Infection with Helicobacter pylori leads to gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancer. Moreover, the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-8 and reactive oxygen species increase in the gastric mucosa when exposed to H. pylori. Anthocyanins demonstrate anti-oxidative, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effect of anthocyanins in H. pylori-infected cells is not yet ...
Imai Takashi - - 2013
Recent studies show that some human malaria parasite species Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax parasitize erythroblasts; however, the biological and clinical significance of this is unclear. To investigate further, we generated a rodent malaria parasite (P. yoelii 17XNL) expressing GFP-ovalbumin (OVA). Its infectivity to erythroblasts was confirmed, and parasitized erythroblasts ...
Eskandari Mehrzad - - 2013
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] seed oil is the primary global source of edible oil and a major renewable and sustainable feedstock for biodiesel production. Therefore, increasing the relative oil concentration in soybean is desirable; however, that goal is complex due to the quantitative nature of the oil concentration trait ...
Sharman J E - - 2013
Blood pressure (BP) is conventionally measured by cuff at the brachial artery as an indication of pressure experienced by the organs. However, individual variation in pulse pressure amplification means that brachial cuff BP may be a poor representation of true central BP. Estimation of central BP is now possible using ...
Menko Fred H - - 2013
The diagnosis of Lynch syndrome can lead to the prevention of colorectal cancer through periodic colonoscopies and removal of premalignant lesions in susceptible individuals. Therefore, predisposed individuals identified by mutation analysis are advised to inform their at-risk relatives about the options of predictive DNA testing and preventive measures. However, it ...
O'Blenes Catherine - - 2013
Lipoid proteinosis (LP) is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis caused by mutations in extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM1) that involves deposition of basement membrane-like material in the skin and other organs. Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is also a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis involving susceptibility to human papillomavirus (HPV) infections and squamous ...
Cho Hye-Ryun - - 2013
A simple analytical method based on the simultaneous measurement of the luminescence of hexavalent uranium ions (U(VI)) and the Raman scattering of water, was investigated for determining the concentration of U(VI) in aqueous solutions. Both spectra were measured using a cw semiconductor laser beam at a center wavelength of 405 ...
Tuschy Benjamin - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to investigate reasons for omission of a planned intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) during breast-conserving surgery (BCS). Between 2002 and 2009, in 297 women an IORT during BCS was planned. In 55 women this irradiation was finally not performed. We retrospectively analyzed pre-, peri-, and postoperative ...
Kaczorowski Maciej - - 2013
Forkhead box P3 (Foxp3)(+) T regulatory (Treg) cells are powerful controllers of the immune response and their role in the human immune system is indispensable. Since a number of revolutionary and very convincing results were brought to light, Foxp3 has unquestionably been thought to be the "master regulator" of Treg ...
Borgatti Francesco - - 2013
We have investigated the role of the electroforming process in the establishment of resistive switching behaviour for Pt/Ti/Pr0.5Ca0.5MnO3/SrRuO3 layered heterostructures (Pt/Ti/PCMO/SRO) acting as non-volatile Resistance Random Access Memories (RRAMs). Electron spectroscopy measurements demonstrate that the higher resistance state resulting from electroforming of as-prepared devices is strictly correlated with the oxidation ...
Caruthers Allison S - - 2013
Adolescent study participants who engaged in a brief, family-centered intervention (the Family Check-Up, FCU) were later assessed for the intervention's effects on high-risk sexual behavior (HRSB) in early adulthood (age 22). Participants (N = 998 adolescents and their families) were randomly assigned to a family-centered intervention in sixth grade and were offered ...
Ramesh Pradeep - - 2013
Syndapin 1 FBAR, a member of the Bin-amphiphysin-Rvs (BAR) domain protein family, is known to induce membrane curvature and is an essential component in biological processes like endocytosis and formation and growth of neurites. We quantify the curvature sensing of FBAR on reconstituted porcine brain lipid vesicles and show that ...
Kesler Shelli R - - 2013
Breast cancer survivors are at increased risk for cognitive dysfunction, which reduces quality of life. Neuroimaging studies provide critical insights regarding the mechanisms underlying these cognitive deficits as well as potential biologic targets for interventions. We measured several metabolite concentrations using (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy as well as cognitive performance ...
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