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Brenner Hermann - - 2013
One of the most common cancers, colorectal cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The vast majority of colorectal carcinomas develop slowly from easily-removed precursors (adenomas), and in contrast to most other types of cancer, chances of prevention and early detection are very good. Tests for fecal occult ...
So M Y - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. To evaluate potential risk factors, presenting symptoms, management, and outcomes of intracranial haemorrhage in Chinese children with immune thrombocytopenia managed in a regional hospital. DESIGN. Retrospective case series. SETTING. A regional hospital in Hong Kong. PATIENTS. All paediatric patients with immune thrombocytopenia complicated by intracranial haemorrhage in the period ...
Rettke Horst - - 2013
People affected by Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis experience a high level of suffering. A new generation of anti-tumour necrosis factor-α agents can alleviate the burden of symptoms considerably. In order to develop a need-centred care programme for this patient group, we conducted problem-centred interviews with nine patients about their ...
Zhang Liang-Tao - - 2013
Background: DNA methylation at the five position of cytosine is well recognized as an important epigenetic modification in human health and disease. Recent evidences demonstrated that 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) by the TET family of enzymes can be converted to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC). Here, we use an ultrasensitive and accurate isotope-based LC-MS/MS method ...
Rathschlag Marco - - 2013
The present study examined the relationship between self-generated emotions and physical performance. All participants took part in five emotion induction conditions (happiness, anger, anxiety, sadness, and an emotion-neutral state) and we investigated their influence on the force of the finger musculature (Experiment 1), the jump height of a counter-movement jump ...
Brader P - - 2013
Oncologic imaging includes the morphological description of the primary tumor region for an accurate classification of the tumor and lymph node stage and whether distant metastases have occurred according to the TNM staging system. Knowing the stage of the disease helps to plan the treatment and to estimate the prognosis. ...
Pfaff S - - 2013
The basal cell carcinoma is a malignant tumor which originates from the epidermal stem cells. The polypoid basal cell carcinoma is an uncommon variant. We report on a 70-year-old man with a red nodule on his left breast. Clinical and histopathologic criteria led to the diagnosis of polypoid basal cell ...
Leijs M M - - 2013
A 42-year-old man presented with a rapidly growing nodule on his right cheek. Except for some itching, it was asymptomatic. The tumor was excised with 3-4 mm safety margin. The clinical differential diagnostic considerations included pyogenic granuloma, amelanotic melanoma, basal cell carcinoma and eccrine poroma. An eccrine poroma is a ...
Vagts D A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hyperbaric prilocaine 2 % has been available for spinal anesthesia in Germany for 2 years and is characterized by a short duration of action, a lack of postspinal urine retention and a reduction of transient neurological syndromes. However, desirable pharmacological properties are contrasted by higher pharmacological costs compared to hyperbaric ...
Kuroki T T Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Functional Anatomy, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2013
The effects of astaxanthin (Ax) on the in vitro development of bovine embryos cultured under heat stress were investigated in combination with the assessment of its cellular accumulation and action on mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm). Bovine ≥8-cell embryos were collected on day 3 after in vitro fertilization and exposed to ...
- - 2013
Coccidioidomycosis, also known as valley fever, is an infection caused by inhalation of Coccidioides spp. spores. This soil-dwelling fungus is endemic to arid regions of Mexico, Central and South America, and the southwestern United States. Symptomatic patients typically experience a self-limited influenza-like illness, but some develop severe or chronic pulmonary ...
Anderson Alicia - - 2013
Q fever, a zoonotic disease caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii, can cause acute or chronic illness in humans. Transmission occurs primarily through inhalation of aerosols from contaminated soil or animal waste. No licensed vaccine is available in the United States. Because many human infections result in nonspecific or benign ...
- - 2013
On May 28, 2012, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) was notified of six cases of severe respiratory illness among 12 residents of an assisted-living facility (ALF) specializing in the care of elderly persons with dementia or memory loss. During May 22-27, 2012, five residents were hospitalized, ...
Han Peng - - 2013
A novel α-amylase (McAmyA) from the thermophilic fungus, Malbranchea cinnamomea was purified, characterized and crystallized in the present study. McAmyA was purified to apparent homogeneity with a molecular mass of 60.3 kDa on SDS-PAGE. The enzyme exhibited maximal activity at pH 6.5 and was stable within pH 5.0-10.0. It was most active at ...
Lee Myunggu - - 2013
A semi-pilot continuous process (SPCP) for enzymatic biodiesel synthesis utilizing near-critical carbon dioxide (NcCO2) as the reaction medium was developed with the aim of reducing the reaction time and alleviating the catalyst inhibition by methanol. Biodiesel synthesis was evaluated in both lab-scale and semi-pilot scale reactors (batch and continuous reactors). ...
- - 2013
Before licensure of a measles vaccine in 1963, more than 500,000 measles cases on average were reported in the United States each year during 1951-1962. By 1993, through measles vaccination and control efforts, only 312 cases were reported nationwide. In 2000, the last year in which an outbreak had occurred ...
Ashfaq Myla - - 2013
Pakistan is a densely populated country in South Asia with a high burden of genetic disease. A dearth of medical genetic services exists and master's level trained genetic counselors (GCs) are currently not a part of the healthcare system. This study is the first to determine the views of Pakistani ...
Wahl R U - - 2013
A 73-year-old man has been suffering from a pulmonary adenocarcinoma for three years. He has been treated with the EGF-inhibitor erlotinib for the past 18 months. While taking this medication he developed a progressive papulopustular rash on his face and trunk which later spread to his thighs. Topical treatment with ...
Fu Lingyuan L Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2013
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common complex genetic endocrinopathy. It has high heritability, and twin studies indicate that it is a complex polygenic disorder. Searching for major genes of PCOS is crucial to clarify its molecular pathogenesis. A previous genome-wide association study in Chinese women with PCOS identified a ...
Tas Faruk - - 2013
PURPOSE: Activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis is frequently found among cancer patients. Such tumors are considered to be associated with a higher risk of invasion, metastases, and eventually, worse outcome. The aim of this study is to explore the clinical and prognostic value of blood coagulation tests in gastric cancer ...
Onuma Kenji - - 2013
Gouty tophi are an uncommon cause of carpal tunnel syndrome. We describe a case of bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome due to gouty tophi. Gouty tophi in the right wrist developed slowly, but developed acutely in flexor tendons in the left wrist. Symptoms were numbness and finger movement dysfunction in both ...
Kirchheiner K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The need for psychosocial support in cancer patients is estimated in the literature at 14-50 %. At the Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical University of Vienna, approximately 3,000 patients are seen annually. Due to limited staff resources, highly distressed patients need to be selected for focused support. A multidisciplinary screening questionnaire ...
- - 2013
Infection with rubella virus during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, can result in congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Serious manifestations of CRS include deafness, cataracts, cardiac defects, mental retardation, and death. In the last major rubella epidemic in the United States, during 1964-1965, an estimated 12.5 million rubella virus infections ...
Mayerhoefer M E - - 2013
Cross-sectional imaging techniques, such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET) CT are an integral part of the modern oncological workup. They are used for tumor detection and staging as well as for treatment evaluation and monitoring. Due to pathophysiological and histological differences there ...
Sedlaczek O - - 2013
CLINICAL/METHODOLOGICAL ISSUE: In antineoplastic chemotherapy classical cytostatic drugs are increasingly being supplemented by antibodies and so-called targeted therapies. In addition to the antineoplastic effect and general intolerance quite characteristic morphological changes can often be found and identified by the radiologist. The distinction between findings indicating side effects versus tumor progression ...
Armstrong Sarah S St Michael's Hospital, Bristol, UK. - - 2013
To summarise the causes of decreased fecundity with age and review chronological vs biological ovarian ageing. To explore the clinician's means of assessing a woman's ovarian reserve. To review the recent literature on the effectiveness of different assisted reproductive technology (ART) techniques for women aged 40 and over and offer ...
Segal-Lieberman Gabriella - - 2013
Although obesity is a well-known risk factor for hypertension, the mechanisms by which hypertension develops in obese patients are not entirely clear. Animal models of obesity and their different susceptibilities to develop hypertension have revealed some of the mechanisms linking obesity and hypertension. Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ secreting ...
Kitamoto Takuya - - 2013
We examined the genetic background of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the Japanese population, by performing a genome-wide association study (GWAS). For GWAS, 392 Japanese NAFLD subjects and 934 control individuals were analyzed. For replication studies, 172 NAFLD and 1,012 control subjects were monitored. After quality control, 261,540 single-nucleotide ...
Aktas Munir - - 2013
The occurrence and distribution of Hepatozoon species in stray dogs, and the developmental stages of Rhipicephalus sanguineus detached from the same dogs in Diyarbakır Province, Turkey is reported. A total of 328 ticks, including 133 adults (55 males and 75 females consist of 63 partially engorged and 15 fully engorged) ...
Ngo Joy - - 2013
This systematic review evaluated micronutrient intake inadequacy of ten micronutrients for adult ethnic minority populations residing in Europe. Pubmed was searched for studies, related references were checked and experts consulted. Ten studies were identified and six were included in the final analysis representing Albanian, Roma, Sub-Saharan African, South Asian and ...
Xing Siyuan - - 2013
Textile-enabled interfacial microfluidics, utilizing fibrous hydrophilic yarns (e.g., cotton) to guide biological reagent flows, has been extended to various biochemical analyses recently. The restricted capillary-driving mechanism, however, persists as a major challenge for continuous and facilitated biofluidic transport. In this paper, we have first introduced a novel interfacial microfluidic transport ...
Yao Peng - - 2013
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARSs) are a group of essential and ubiquitous "house-keeping" enzymes responsible for charging corresponding amino acids to their cognate transfer RNAs (tRNAs) and providing the correct substrates for high-fidelity protein synthesis. During the last three decades, wide-ranging biochemical and genetic studies have revealed non-catalytic regulatory functions of multiple ...
Chico J - - 2013
An analytical method for determination and confirmation of nine coccidiostatics in eggs is reported. Ethyl acetate is used as extraction solvent, with satisfactory results, and simple automated clean-up is based on gel-permeation chromatography (GPC) . The target compounds are then analysed by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. The method was ...
Lipworth B J - - 2013
Acetlycholine is involved in the control of airway smooth muscle constriction and in recruitment of inflammatory cells via neuronal and paracrine effects on muscarinic type 3 receptors. Long acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMA) are well established in guidelines for COPD but are not currently licensed for use in asthma. There are ...
Gao Wei - - 2013
c-Met plays an important role in colorectal tumorigenesis and disease progression and thus is believed to be an attractive inhibitory target for receptor molecular therapeutic. SU11274 was identified as a small molecule, ATP competitive inhibitor of the catalytic activity of the c-Met kinase. Our study had investigated the relationship between ...
Alarousu Erkki - - 2013
Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) is an optical method capable of 3D imaging of object's internal structure with micron-scale resolution. Modern SD-OCT tools offer the speed capable of online monitoring of printed devices. This paper demonstrates the use of SD-OCT in a simulated roll-to-roll (R2R) process through monitoring some structural ...
Allison M A - - 2013
Adipokines are secreted from adipose tissue, influence energy homeostasis and may contribute to the association between obesity and hypertension. Among 1897 participants enrolled in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, we examined associations between blood pressure and leptin, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), resistin and total adiponectin. The mean age and body ...
Dalton Rebecca L - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to compare the sensitivities of field populations and a laboratory culture of a duckweed species (Lemna minor) to the herbicide atrazine using three different endpoints and to determine whether sensitivity to atrazine was affected by past exposure to the herbicide. L. minor cultures were ...
Abe Hiroyuki - - 2013
Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy is a rare but lethal complication in cancer-bearing patients, particularly those with gastric cancer. It is characterized by cancer cell emboli with marked intimal proliferation. In the present study, we tried to elucidate the pathogenesis of pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy, notably angiogenic factors specific for cancer ...
Nojiri Shuko - - 2013
Prevalent fractures are major contributors to an increased risk of subsequent fractures, particularly in people with osteoporosis. While many studies have been conducted to assess the incidence of fracture in Japanese people with osteoporosis, far fewer have been conducted to assess the risk of subsequent fractures. This article reviews the ...
Kilgore M L ML Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), 1665 University Blvd, RPHB 330, Birmingham, AL, USA, - - 2013
We conducted a cluster randomized trial testing the effectiveness of an intervention to increase the use of osteoporosis medications in high-risk patients receiving home health care. The trial did not find a significant difference in medication use in the intervention arm. This study aims to test an evidence implementation intervention ...
Bakhshaee Mehdi - - 2013
Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) is a noninvasive form of fungal rhinosinusitis with a prevalence of 6-9 % among all rhinosinusitis cases requiring surgery. The fungi causing AFRS have a great diversity and regional variation in the incidence of AFS has been reported worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Giuliani Jacopo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the intensity and the duration of acneiform skin rash in young and elderly patients, to define a possible relationship between age and skin rash. We retrospectively analyzed all consecutive patients with advanced NSCLC who developed acneiform skin rash during erlotinib treatment at ...
Burgstaller Sonja - - 2013
Current literature provides conflicting evidence regarding the efficacy of lenalidomide in patients with myelofibrosis (MF). The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of lenalidomide in patients with MF treated within a named patient program in Austria. A total of 22 patients with MF were treated with lenalidomide ...
Soniat Michael M Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. - - 2013
Import-Karyopherin or Importin proteins bind nuclear localization signals (NLSs) to mediate the import of proteins into the cell nucleus. Karyopherin β2 or Kapβ2, also known as Transportin, is a member of this transporter family responsible for the import of numerous RNA binding proteins. Kapβ2 recognizes a targeting signal termed the ...
Igelström Helena - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe the amount of physical activity and sedentary time in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and overweight and to explore potential disease-related and psychological correlates. METHODS: A descriptive and correlational study was performed. Prospective data of physical activity and sedentary ...
Ni Quan-Xing - - 2013
Notch2, a surface marker in cell lines, is used to isolate, identify and localize pancreatic cancer stem-like cells and is a target for therapy of these cells. Sphere formation was induced in Panc-1 and Bxpc-3 pancreatic cancer cell lines, and Notch2(+) cells were separated from Bxpc-3 and Panc-1 cell lines ...
Wang Ruimin - - 2013
Global cerebral ischemia, such as occurs following cardiac arrest, can lead to oxidative stress, hippocampal neuronal cell death, and cognitive defects. The current study examined the potential beneficial effect and underlying mechanisms of post-treatment with the naturally occurring isoflavonic phytoestrogen, genistein, which has been implicated to attenuate oxidative stress. Genistein ...
Buscaglia R - - 2013
The 3'-terminal extensions of eukaryotic chromosomes are unique examples of functional single-stranded DNA. Human telomeres are constructed of the repeated DNA sequence 5'-d(TTAGGG). Four-repeats of human telomeric DNA have been characterized by high-resolution techniques to be capable of forming at least five distinct monomeric conformations. The predominant solution topology is ...
Naz Shama - - 2013
In the search for a noninvasive and reliable rapid screening method to detect biomarkers, a metabolomics fingerprinting approach was developed and applied to rat serum samples using capillary electrophoresis coupled to an electrospray ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometer (CE-TOF-MS). An ultrafiltration method was used for sample pretreatment. To evaluate performance the ...
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