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Eeles Rosalind A RA The Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, UK. - - 2013
Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in males in developed countries. To identify common prostate cancer susceptibility alleles, we genotyped 211,155 SNPs on a custom Illumina array (iCOGS) in blood DNA from 25,074 prostate cancer cases and 24,272 controls from the international PRACTICAL Consortium. Twenty-three new prostate cancer ...
Onuma Kenji - - 2013
Gouty tophi are an uncommon cause of carpal tunnel syndrome. We describe a case of bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome due to gouty tophi. Gouty tophi in the right wrist developed slowly, but developed acutely in flexor tendons in the left wrist. Symptoms were numbness and finger movement dysfunction in both ...
- - 2013
Coccidioidomycosis, also known as valley fever, is an infection caused by inhalation of Coccidioides spp. spores. This soil-dwelling fungus is endemic to arid regions of Mexico, Central and South America, and the southwestern United States. Symptomatic patients typically experience a self-limited influenza-like illness, but some develop severe or chronic pulmonary ...
Leijs M M - - 2013
A 42-year-old man presented with a rapidly growing nodule on his right cheek. Except for some itching, it was asymptomatic. The tumor was excised with 3-4 mm safety margin. The clinical differential diagnostic considerations included pyogenic granuloma, amelanotic melanoma, basal cell carcinoma and eccrine poroma. An eccrine poroma is a ...
Sedlaczek O - - 2013
CLINICAL/METHODOLOGICAL ISSUE: In antineoplastic chemotherapy classical cytostatic drugs are increasingly being supplemented by antibodies and so-called targeted therapies. In addition to the antineoplastic effect and general intolerance quite characteristic morphological changes can often be found and identified by the radiologist. The distinction between findings indicating side effects versus tumor progression ...
Pfaff S - - 2013
The basal cell carcinoma is a malignant tumor which originates from the epidermal stem cells. The polypoid basal cell carcinoma is an uncommon variant. We report on a 70-year-old man with a red nodule on his left breast. Clinical and histopathologic criteria led to the diagnosis of polypoid basal cell ...
Vagts D A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hyperbaric prilocaine 2 % has been available for spinal anesthesia in Germany for 2 years and is characterized by a short duration of action, a lack of postspinal urine retention and a reduction of transient neurological syndromes. However, desirable pharmacological properties are contrasted by higher pharmacological costs compared to hyperbaric ...
Brader P - - 2013
Oncologic imaging includes the morphological description of the primary tumor region for an accurate classification of the tumor and lymph node stage and whether distant metastases have occurred according to the TNM staging system. Knowing the stage of the disease helps to plan the treatment and to estimate the prognosis. ...
Kirchheiner K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The need for psychosocial support in cancer patients is estimated in the literature at 14-50 %. At the Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical University of Vienna, approximately 3,000 patients are seen annually. Due to limited staff resources, highly distressed patients need to be selected for focused support. A multidisciplinary screening questionnaire ...
- - 2013
On May 28, 2012, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) was notified of six cases of severe respiratory illness among 12 residents of an assisted-living facility (ALF) specializing in the care of elderly persons with dementia or memory loss. During May 22-27, 2012, five residents were hospitalized, ...
Han Peng - - 2013
A novel α-amylase (McAmyA) from the thermophilic fungus, Malbranchea cinnamomea was purified, characterized and crystallized in the present study. McAmyA was purified to apparent homogeneity with a molecular mass of 60.3 kDa on SDS-PAGE. The enzyme exhibited maximal activity at pH 6.5 and was stable within pH 5.0-10.0. It was most active at ...
Segal-Lieberman Gabriella - - 2013
Although obesity is a well-known risk factor for hypertension, the mechanisms by which hypertension develops in obese patients are not entirely clear. Animal models of obesity and their different susceptibilities to develop hypertension have revealed some of the mechanisms linking obesity and hypertension. Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ secreting ...
Tas Faruk - - 2013
PURPOSE: Activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis is frequently found among cancer patients. Such tumors are considered to be associated with a higher risk of invasion, metastases, and eventually, worse outcome. The aim of this study is to explore the clinical and prognostic value of blood coagulation tests in gastric cancer ...
Lee Myunggu - - 2013
A semi-pilot continuous process (SPCP) for enzymatic biodiesel synthesis utilizing near-critical carbon dioxide (NcCO2) as the reaction medium was developed with the aim of reducing the reaction time and alleviating the catalyst inhibition by methanol. Biodiesel synthesis was evaluated in both lab-scale and semi-pilot scale reactors (batch and continuous reactors). ...
Mayerhoefer M E - - 2013
Cross-sectional imaging techniques, such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET) CT are an integral part of the modern oncological workup. They are used for tumor detection and staging as well as for treatment evaluation and monitoring. Due to pathophysiological and histological differences there ...
- - 2013
Infection with rubella virus during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, can result in congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Serious manifestations of CRS include deafness, cataracts, cardiac defects, mental retardation, and death. In the last major rubella epidemic in the United States, during 1964-1965, an estimated 12.5 million rubella virus infections ...
- - 2013
Before licensure of a measles vaccine in 1963, more than 500,000 measles cases on average were reported in the United States each year during 1951-1962. By 1993, through measles vaccination and control efforts, only 312 cases were reported nationwide. In 2000, the last year in which an outbreak had occurred ...
Ashfaq Myla - - 2013
Pakistan is a densely populated country in South Asia with a high burden of genetic disease. A dearth of medical genetic services exists and master's level trained genetic counselors (GCs) are currently not a part of the healthcare system. This study is the first to determine the views of Pakistani ...
Wahl R U - - 2013
A 73-year-old man has been suffering from a pulmonary adenocarcinoma for three years. He has been treated with the EGF-inhibitor erlotinib for the past 18 months. While taking this medication he developed a progressive papulopustular rash on his face and trunk which later spread to his thighs. Topical treatment with ...
Anderson Alicia - - 2013
Q fever, a zoonotic disease caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii, can cause acute or chronic illness in humans. Transmission occurs primarily through inhalation of aerosols from contaminated soil or animal waste. No licensed vaccine is available in the United States. Because many human infections result in nonspecific or benign ...
Armstrong Sarah S St Michael's Hospital, Bristol, UK. - - 2013
To summarise the causes of decreased fecundity with age and review chronological vs biological ovarian ageing. To explore the clinician's means of assessing a woman's ovarian reserve. To review the recent literature on the effectiveness of different assisted reproductive technology (ART) techniques for women aged 40 and over and offer ...
Fu Lingyuan L Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2013
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common complex genetic endocrinopathy. It has high heritability, and twin studies indicate that it is a complex polygenic disorder. Searching for major genes of PCOS is crucial to clarify its molecular pathogenesis. A previous genome-wide association study in Chinese women with PCOS identified a ...
Kuroki T T Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Functional Anatomy, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2013
The effects of astaxanthin (Ax) on the in vitro development of bovine embryos cultured under heat stress were investigated in combination with the assessment of its cellular accumulation and action on mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm). Bovine ≥8-cell embryos were collected on day 3 after in vitro fertilization and exposed to ...
Cheng Yongqiang - - 2013
We present a highly sensitive and homogeneous assay for the detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by ligase chain reaction (LCR) coupled with rolling circle amplification (RCA). The LCR probes include one pair of probes and a padlock probe (PLP). In the LCR, one pair of probes composed of X ...
Sun Yang - - 2013
The paper explored the catalytic activity of a cell debris self-immobilized thermophilic lipase for polyester synthesis, using the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone as model. Effects of biocatalyst concentration, temperature, and reaction medium on monomer conversion and product molecular weight were systematically evaluated. The biocatalyst displayed high catalytic activity at high ...
Li Guang - - 2013
A concise approach to the spiroiminal fragment of marineosins A and B is described. The key steps involve an acid-catalyzed N-acyliminium ion cyclization and a Vilsmeier-Haack type reaction with Tf2O.
Hattori Yuko - - 2013
Humans actively use behavioral synchrony such as dancing and singing when they intend to make affiliative relationships. Such advanced synchronous movement occurs even unconsciously when we hear rhythmically complex music. A foundation for this tendency may be an evolutionary adaptation for group living but evolutionary origins of human synchronous activity ...
Ghorbanian Parham - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with deficits in a number of cognitive processes and executive functions. Moreover, abnormalities in the electroencephalogram (EEG) power spectrum develop with the progression of AD. These features have been traditionally characterized with montage recordings and conventional spectral analysis during resting eyes-closed and resting eyes-open (EO) ...
Zhang W - - 2013
HLA-A*33:03:11 differs from A*33:03:01 by one nucleotide substitution in exon 3 at position 531 G>A.
Hachem May El - - 2013
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a low-grade, mesenchymal, spindle cell tumor. In addition to the classical form characterized by a storiform pattern of tumor cells, pigmented (Bednar's tumor) and myxoid variants can be observed. Classical DFSP and Bednar's tumor are easily diagnosed. The myxoid variant represents a diagnostic challenge. Pigmented and ...
Horton Terzah - - 2013
It is with great interest that we have watched the results of the studies done in mice suggesting that bortezomib treatment could be deleterious to bone health in children. These concerns have been extrapolated from a recent report (1) which suggests that bortezomib can decrease bone growth velocity and bone ...
Zhou Lijuan - - 2013
Fatty acid-binding protein 3 (FABP3) is a low molecular weight protein with distinct tissue distribution, which may play an important role in fatty acid transport, cell growth, cellular signaling, and gene transcription. We have previously shown FABP3 was more highly expressed in myocardium with ventricular septal defects than in normal ...
De Cremer Kaat - - 2013
The fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea establishes a necrotrophic interaction with its host plants, including lettuce (Lactuca sativa), causing it to wilt, collapse and eventually dry up and die, which results in serious economic losses. Global expression profiling using RNAseq and the newly sequenced lettuce genome identified a complex network of ...
Kang Yuan-Yuan - - 2013
We reviewed studies of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in patients with symptomatic coronary heart disease (CHD) or asymptomatic coronary lesions and in patients at high coronary risk, such as in the presence of hypertension. We identified ten cross-sectional and seven prospective studies in patients with CHD or coronary lesions. ...
Amigo-Benavent Miryam - - 2013
The present research aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a soybean Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI) as a natural functional food ingredient. The influence of food processing, storage and digestion on the structure and bioactivity of BBI added to a food matrix was evaluated. The cytotoxic effect of the digested samples was ...
Ryan D - - 2013
We recently generated an advanced mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) by targeted knock-in of single-copy mutated human amyloid precursor-protein (APP) and tau genes, crossed with a non-symptomatic presenilin (PS1A246E) over-expressing mouse line. These PLB1Triple mice presented with age-dependent and AD-relevant phenotypes. Homozygous PLB1Triple mice aged 4-12 months were assessed here ...
Zhang K - - 2013
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent cardiovascular risk factor; however, the key strategy necessary for LVH regression in hypertensive patients is not clear. A meta-analysis was conducted to study the effect of blood pressure reduction on LVH regression. We explored the relationship between different degrees of systolic blood pressure ...
Hayat Akhtar - - 2013
A novel strategy based on direct electrochemistry of amino group on screen printed carbon electrode surface (SPCE) was purposed. The purposed method was employed for the label free detection of ochratoxin A (OTA). A long spacer arm of hexamethyldiamine was immobilized on SPCE via electrochemical oxidation of its terminal amino-group. ...
Cipresso Pietro - - 2013
Research in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) produced inconsistent results in demonstrating an association between patients' symptom severity and their cognitive impairments. The process involved in volition aspects of behavioral syndromes can be extensively analyzed using specific tests developed in virtual environments, more suitable to manipulate rules and possible breaks of the ...
Giuliani Jacopo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the intensity and the duration of acneiform skin rash in young and elderly patients, to define a possible relationship between age and skin rash. We retrospectively analyzed all consecutive patients with advanced NSCLC who developed acneiform skin rash during erlotinib treatment at ...
Burgstaller Sonja - - 2013
Current literature provides conflicting evidence regarding the efficacy of lenalidomide in patients with myelofibrosis (MF). The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of lenalidomide in patients with MF treated within a named patient program in Austria. A total of 22 patients with MF were treated with lenalidomide ...
Igelström Helena - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe the amount of physical activity and sedentary time in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and overweight and to explore potential disease-related and psychological correlates. METHODS: A descriptive and correlational study was performed. Prospective data of physical activity and sedentary ...
Ni Quan-Xing - - 2013
Notch2, a surface marker in cell lines, is used to isolate, identify and localize pancreatic cancer stem-like cells and is a target for therapy of these cells. Sphere formation was induced in Panc-1 and Bxpc-3 pancreatic cancer cell lines, and Notch2(+) cells were separated from Bxpc-3 and Panc-1 cell lines ...
Wang Ruimin - - 2013
Global cerebral ischemia, such as occurs following cardiac arrest, can lead to oxidative stress, hippocampal neuronal cell death, and cognitive defects. The current study examined the potential beneficial effect and underlying mechanisms of post-treatment with the naturally occurring isoflavonic phytoestrogen, genistein, which has been implicated to attenuate oxidative stress. Genistein ...
Buscaglia R - - 2013
The 3'-terminal extensions of eukaryotic chromosomes are unique examples of functional single-stranded DNA. Human telomeres are constructed of the repeated DNA sequence 5'-d(TTAGGG). Four-repeats of human telomeric DNA have been characterized by high-resolution techniques to be capable of forming at least five distinct monomeric conformations. The predominant solution topology is ...
Naz Shama - - 2013
In the search for a noninvasive and reliable rapid screening method to detect biomarkers, a metabolomics fingerprinting approach was developed and applied to rat serum samples using capillary electrophoresis coupled to an electrospray ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometer (CE-TOF-MS). An ultrafiltration method was used for sample pretreatment. To evaluate performance the ...
Zhou Huanhuan - - 2013
A facile hydrothermal method was developed to synthesize nitrogen-rich phenolic microspheres with a tunable ultra-microporous structure for CO2 adsorption. The results highlighted that chemical composition and ultramicroporous size, much more than surface area, dictated the CO2 uptake in a microporous organic polymer.
Mori Reika - - 2013
Three new terpenoids, opaciniols A-C (1-3), were isolated from the barks of Garcinia opaca, together with malabarica-17,21-dien-3β,14-diol (4) and 13βH-malabarica-14,17,21-trien-3β-ol (5). Their structures were determined on the basis of NMR spectroscopic data. 3 and 4 showed moderate cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells.
Landau Susan M - - 2013
Objective: We examined agreement and disagreement between two biomarkers of Aß deposition (amyloid PET and CSF Aß1-42 ) in normal aging and dementia in a large multicenter study. Methods: Concurrently acquired florbetapir-PET and CSF Aß were measured in cognitively normal, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) participants (N=374) ...
Gyselinck Valérie - - 2013
The aim of this study is to broaden our understanding of the construction and early decline of spatial mental representations in route learning, considering the extent to which spatial ability and age-related differences in environment learning interact. The experiment examines spatial mental representation derived from taking a realistic route acquired ...
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