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Anderson Alicia - - 2013
Q fever, a zoonotic disease caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii, can cause acute or chronic illness in humans. Transmission occurs primarily through inhalation of aerosols from contaminated soil or animal waste. No licensed vaccine is available in the United States. Because many human infections result in nonspecific or benign ...
Cheng Yongqiang - - 2013
We present a highly sensitive and homogeneous assay for the detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by ligase chain reaction (LCR) coupled with rolling circle amplification (RCA). The LCR probes include one pair of probes and a padlock probe (PLP). In the LCR, one pair of probes composed of X ...
Sun Yang - - 2013
The paper explored the catalytic activity of a cell debris self-immobilized thermophilic lipase for polyester synthesis, using the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone as model. Effects of biocatalyst concentration, temperature, and reaction medium on monomer conversion and product molecular weight were systematically evaluated. The biocatalyst displayed high catalytic activity at high ...
Li Guang - - 2013
A concise approach to the spiroiminal fragment of marineosins A and B is described. The key steps involve an acid-catalyzed N-acyliminium ion cyclization and a Vilsmeier-Haack type reaction with Tf2O.
Hattori Yuko - - 2013
Humans actively use behavioral synchrony such as dancing and singing when they intend to make affiliative relationships. Such advanced synchronous movement occurs even unconsciously when we hear rhythmically complex music. A foundation for this tendency may be an evolutionary adaptation for group living but evolutionary origins of human synchronous activity ...
Ghorbanian Parham - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with deficits in a number of cognitive processes and executive functions. Moreover, abnormalities in the electroencephalogram (EEG) power spectrum develop with the progression of AD. These features have been traditionally characterized with montage recordings and conventional spectral analysis during resting eyes-closed and resting eyes-open (EO) ...
Zhang W - - 2013
HLA-A*33:03:11 differs from A*33:03:01 by one nucleotide substitution in exon 3 at position 531 G>A.
Hachem May El - - 2013
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a low-grade, mesenchymal, spindle cell tumor. In addition to the classical form characterized by a storiform pattern of tumor cells, pigmented (Bednar's tumor) and myxoid variants can be observed. Classical DFSP and Bednar's tumor are easily diagnosed. The myxoid variant represents a diagnostic challenge. Pigmented and ...
Horton Terzah - - 2013
It is with great interest that we have watched the results of the studies done in mice suggesting that bortezomib treatment could be deleterious to bone health in children. These concerns have been extrapolated from a recent report (1) which suggests that bortezomib can decrease bone growth velocity and bone ...
Zhou Lijuan - - 2013
Fatty acid-binding protein 3 (FABP3) is a low molecular weight protein with distinct tissue distribution, which may play an important role in fatty acid transport, cell growth, cellular signaling, and gene transcription. We have previously shown FABP3 was more highly expressed in myocardium with ventricular septal defects than in normal ...
De Cremer Kaat - - 2013
The fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea establishes a necrotrophic interaction with its host plants, including lettuce (Lactuca sativa), causing it to wilt, collapse and eventually dry up and die, which results in serious economic losses. Global expression profiling using RNAseq and the newly sequenced lettuce genome identified a complex network of ...
Kang Yuan-Yuan - - 2013
We reviewed studies of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in patients with symptomatic coronary heart disease (CHD) or asymptomatic coronary lesions and in patients at high coronary risk, such as in the presence of hypertension. We identified ten cross-sectional and seven prospective studies in patients with CHD or coronary lesions. ...
Amigo-Benavent Miryam - - 2013
The present research aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a soybean Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI) as a natural functional food ingredient. The influence of food processing, storage and digestion on the structure and bioactivity of BBI added to a food matrix was evaluated. The cytotoxic effect of the digested samples was ...
Ryan D - - 2013
We recently generated an advanced mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) by targeted knock-in of single-copy mutated human amyloid precursor-protein (APP) and tau genes, crossed with a non-symptomatic presenilin (PS1A246E) over-expressing mouse line. These PLB1Triple mice presented with age-dependent and AD-relevant phenotypes. Homozygous PLB1Triple mice aged 4-12 months were assessed here ...
Zhang K - - 2013
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent cardiovascular risk factor; however, the key strategy necessary for LVH regression in hypertensive patients is not clear. A meta-analysis was conducted to study the effect of blood pressure reduction on LVH regression. We explored the relationship between different degrees of systolic blood pressure ...
Hayat Akhtar - - 2013
A novel strategy based on direct electrochemistry of amino group on screen printed carbon electrode surface (SPCE) was purposed. The purposed method was employed for the label free detection of ochratoxin A (OTA). A long spacer arm of hexamethyldiamine was immobilized on SPCE via electrochemical oxidation of its terminal amino-group. ...
Cipresso Pietro - - 2013
Research in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) produced inconsistent results in demonstrating an association between patients' symptom severity and their cognitive impairments. The process involved in volition aspects of behavioral syndromes can be extensively analyzed using specific tests developed in virtual environments, more suitable to manipulate rules and possible breaks of the ...
Giuliani Jacopo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the intensity and the duration of acneiform skin rash in young and elderly patients, to define a possible relationship between age and skin rash. We retrospectively analyzed all consecutive patients with advanced NSCLC who developed acneiform skin rash during erlotinib treatment at ...
Burgstaller Sonja - - 2013
Current literature provides conflicting evidence regarding the efficacy of lenalidomide in patients with myelofibrosis (MF). The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of lenalidomide in patients with MF treated within a named patient program in Austria. A total of 22 patients with MF were treated with lenalidomide ...
Soniat Michael - - 2013
Import-Karyopherin or Importin proteins bind nuclear localization signals (NLSs) to mediate the import of proteins into the cell nucleus. Karyopherin β2 or Kapβ2, also known as Transportin, is a member of this transporter family responsible for the import of numerous RNA binding proteins. Kapβ2 recognizes a targeting signal termed the ...
Igelström Helena - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe the amount of physical activity and sedentary time in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and overweight and to explore potential disease-related and psychological correlates. METHODS: A descriptive and correlational study was performed. Prospective data of physical activity and sedentary ...
van der Putten Herman - - 2013
A common pathological hallmark of protein-conformational brain diseases is the formation of disease-specific protein aggregates. In Alzheimer's disease, these are comprised of amyloid-β and Tau as opposed to α-synuclein in Parkinson's disease and N-terminal fragments of mutant huntingtin in Huntington's disease. Most aggregates also sequester molecular chaperones, a protein family ...
Ni Quan-Xing - - 2013
Notch2, a surface marker in cell lines, is used to isolate, identify and localize pancreatic cancer stem-like cells and is a target for therapy of these cells. Sphere formation was induced in Panc-1 and Bxpc-3 pancreatic cancer cell lines, and Notch2(+) cells were separated from Bxpc-3 and Panc-1 cell lines ...
Wang Ruimin - - 2013
Global cerebral ischemia, such as occurs following cardiac arrest, can lead to oxidative stress, hippocampal neuronal cell death, and cognitive defects. The current study examined the potential beneficial effect and underlying mechanisms of post-treatment with the naturally occurring isoflavonic phytoestrogen, genistein, which has been implicated to attenuate oxidative stress. Genistein ...
Buscaglia R - - 2013
The 3'-terminal extensions of eukaryotic chromosomes are unique examples of functional single-stranded DNA. Human telomeres are constructed of the repeated DNA sequence 5'-d(TTAGGG). Four-repeats of human telomeric DNA have been characterized by high-resolution techniques to be capable of forming at least five distinct monomeric conformations. The predominant solution topology is ...
Naz Shama - - 2013
In the search for a noninvasive and reliable rapid screening method to detect biomarkers, a metabolomics fingerprinting approach was developed and applied to rat serum samples using capillary electrophoresis coupled to an electrospray ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometer (CE-TOF-MS). An ultrafiltration method was used for sample pretreatment. To evaluate performance the ...
Zhou Huanhuan - - 2013
A facile hydrothermal method was developed to synthesize nitrogen-rich phenolic microspheres with a tunable ultra-microporous structure for CO2 adsorption. The results highlighted that chemical composition and ultramicroporous size, much more than surface area, dictated the CO2 uptake in a microporous organic polymer.
Mori Reika - - 2013
Three new terpenoids, opaciniols A-C (1-3), were isolated from the barks of Garcinia opaca, together with malabarica-17,21-dien-3β,14-diol (4) and 13βH-malabarica-14,17,21-trien-3β-ol (5). Their structures were determined on the basis of NMR spectroscopic data. 3 and 4 showed moderate cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells.
Sneh Amita - - 2013
Psoriasin (S100A7) is a calcium-binding protein that has shown to be highly expressed in high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and a subset of invasive breast cancers. However, its role in invasion and metastasis is not very well known. In this study, we have shown that S100A7 differentially regulates epidermal ...
Landau Susan M - - 2013
Objective: We examined agreement and disagreement between two biomarkers of Aß deposition (amyloid PET and CSF Aß1-42 ) in normal aging and dementia in a large multicenter study. Methods: Concurrently acquired florbetapir-PET and CSF Aß were measured in cognitively normal, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) participants (N=374) ...
Gyselinck Valérie - - 2013
The aim of this study is to broaden our understanding of the construction and early decline of spatial mental representations in route learning, considering the extent to which spatial ability and age-related differences in environment learning interact. The experiment examines spatial mental representation derived from taking a realistic route acquired ...
Kim Yu-Jin - - 2013
Multicellular layers (MCL) of cancer cells is an in vitro 3-dimensional (3D) model that mimics avascular microregions of human solid tumors and has been shown to be useful in pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic studies of anticancer agents. We investigated whether Ki-67, which is widely used as a proliferation marker, can be used to ...
Ramesh Pradeep - - 2013
Syndapin 1 FBAR, a member of the Bin-amphiphysin-Rvs (BAR) domain protein family, is known to induce membrane curvature and is an essential component in biological processes like endocytosis and formation and growth of neurites. We quantify the curvature sensing of FBAR on reconstituted porcine brain lipid vesicles and show that ...
Kesler Shelli R - - 2013
Breast cancer survivors are at increased risk for cognitive dysfunction, which reduces quality of life. Neuroimaging studies provide critical insights regarding the mechanisms underlying these cognitive deficits as well as potential biologic targets for interventions. We measured several metabolite concentrations using (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy as well as cognitive performance ...
Hughes Harriet - - 2013
Experiments and field trials have shown that the intracellular bacterium Wolbachia may be introduced into populations of the mosquito Aedes aegypti, the primary vector for dengue fever. In the absence of Wolbachia, a mosquito acquiring the dengue virus from an infected human enters an exposed (infected but not infectious) period ...
Bazrafshan Babak - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate magnetic resonance (MR) temperature imaging of the laser-induced thermotherapy (LITT) comparing the proton resonance frequency (PRF) and T 1 thermometry methods. LITT was applied to a liver-mimicking acrylamide gel phantom. Temperature rise up to 70 °C was measured using a MR-compatible fiber-optic thermometer. ...
Núñez-Pons Laura - - 2013
Alcyonacean soft corals lack physical or skeletal defenses and their nematocyst system is weak, leading to the conclusion that soft corals mainly rely on chemistry for protection from predators and microbes. Defensive chemicals of primary and secondary metabolic origin are exuded in the mucus surface layer, explaining the general lack ...
Bassi Ana Paula Guarnieri - - 2013
The alcoholic fermentation in Brazil displays some peculiarities because the yeast used is recycled in a non-aseptic process. After centrifugation, the cells are treated with acid to control the bacterial growth. However, it is difficult to manage the indigenous yeasts without affecting the main culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This work ...
Kiso Maki - - 2013
Influenza A(H1N1)pdm virus caused the first human pandemic of the 21st century. Although various probiotic Lactobacillus species have been shown to have anti-microbial effects against pneumonia-inducing pathogens, the prophylactic efficacy and mechanisms behind their protection remain largely unknown. Here, we evaluated the prophylactic efficacy of heat-killed Lactobacillus pentosus b240 against ...
Goldberg Mary R - - 2013
Team-based design courses focused on products for people with disabilities have become relatively common, in part because of training grants such as the NSF Research to Aid Persons with Disabilities course grants. An output from these courses is an annual description of courses and projects but has yet to be ...
Atici Yunus - - 2013
PURPOSE: There exist not much data regarding the surgical treatment of pure congenital kyphosis (CK) in the literature. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of closing wedge osteotomy with posterior instrumented fusion in patients with congenital kyphotic deformity. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the radiographical results of ...
Franzetti Andrea - - 2013
High-elevation cold environments are considered ideal places to test hypotheses about mechanisms of bacterial colonization and succession, and about bacterial biogeography. Debris-covered glaciers (glaciers whose ablation area is mainly covered by a continuous layer of rock debris fallen from the surrounding mountains) have never been investigated in this respect so ...
Xu Baitian - - 2013
A new yeast antagonist, Pichia caribbica, isolated in our laboratory from the soil collected from unsprayed orchards, was evaluated for its biocontrol capability against Rhizopus stolonifer on peaches and the possible mechanisms involved. The decay incidence and lesion diameter of Rhizopus decay of peaches treated by P. caribbica were significantly ...
Schlegel Alexander - - 2013
In the early 1980s, Libet found that a readiness potential (RP) over central scalp locations begins on average several hundred milliseconds before the reported time of awareness of willing to move (W). Haggard and Eimer Exp Brain Res 126(1):128-133, (1999) later found no correlation between the timing of the RP ...
Ustaalioglu Bala Basak Oven - - 2013
Although oncological treatments are improving, the prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients has not. Several biomarkers related to prognosis have been evaluated, and M30 and M65 have been reported to be higher in patients with NSCLC than in healthy people. In the current study, we evaluated the clinical importance ...
Powell N M - - 2013
Stripe rust resistance in the winter wheat cultivar Claire had remained effective in the UK and Europe since its release in 1999 and consequently has been used extensively in wheat breeding programs. However, in 2012, reports indicated that this valuable resistance may now have been compromised. To characterise stripe rust ...
McGillen Jessica B - - 2013
We model the metabolism and behaviour of a developing cancer tumour in the context of its microenvironment, with the aim of elucidating the consequences of altered energy metabolism. Of particular interest is the Warburg Effect, a widespread preference in tumours for cytosolic glycolysis rather than oxidative phosphorylation for glucose breakdown, ...
Balderramas Helanderson A - - 2013
Paracoccidioidomycosis is a human systemic mycosis caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. The mechanisms involved in innate immune response to this fungus are not fully elucidated. Leukotrienes are known to be critical for the clearance of various microorganisms, mainly by mediating the microbicidal function of phagocytes. We investigated the involvement ...
Tshori Sagi - - 2013
In this chapter we describe aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS) production of dinucleotide polyphosphate in response to stimuli, their interaction with various signaling pathways, and the role of diadenosine tetraphosphate and diadenosine triphosphate as second messengers. The primary role of aaRS is to mediate aminoacylation of cognate tRNAs, thereby providing a central ...
Weidner Jessica M - - 2013
Host cell manipulation is an important feature of the obligate intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Recent reports have shown that the tachyzoite stages subvert dendritic cells (DC) as a conduit for dissemination (Trojan horse) during acute infection. To examine the cellular basis of these processes, we performed a detailed analysis of ...
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