Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 2434
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Sahota Daljit S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the performance of the locally developed universal Down syndrome screening programme. DESIGN. Population-based cohort study in the period July 2010 to June 2011 inclusive. SETTING. Four Hong Kong Hospital Authority Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and a central university-based laboratory for maternal serum processing and risk determination. ...
Oschman A - - 2013
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a major cause of birth defects and childhood disorders in the United States. Retinitis occurs in 25% of infants with severely symptomatic congenital CMV and in ∼1% of asymptomatic infants. Intravitreal ganciclovir is recommended in adults with CMV retinitis (CMVR) refractory or noncompliant to intravenous ...
McKinney Andrew R - - 2013
Background: Effective control of the use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs) in animal sports is essential in order to ensure both animal welfare and integrity. In order to better police their use in Australian and New Zealand greyhound racing, thorough metabolic studies have been carried out on a range of registered ...
Pfeffer Ines - - 2013
Targeted communication about health behaviors seems to be more effective than mass communication in which undifferentiated audiences receive identical messages. Regulatory focus is psychological variable that can be used to build two target groups: promotion-focused or prevention-focused people. It is hypothesized that targeting messages to an individual's regulatory focus creates ...
Yeung Jessie Th - - 2013
We describe a 50-year-old man who first presented with multiple skin lesions which were characteristic of Degos' syndrome. The patient developed multiple episodes of abdominal pain. Some episodes resolved with conservative management, for others he underwent urgent operations for bowel perforations. The patient subsequently underwent extensive small bowel resection, but ...
Jacobson Joy - - 2013
Racial and ethnic health disparities persist, but nursing is providing several solutions.
Jain Manish - - 2013
Anti-platelet therapy is a useful strategy to prevent acute thromboembolic artery occlusions. This study was designed to assess the efficacy of seselin derivatives against murine pulmonary thromboembolism, bleeding time, platelet activation and thrombosis. Administration of C3 (16 mg/kg) offered 70% protection against collagen- and epinephrine-induced pulmonary thromboembolism and 30% protection against ...
Ho Mary - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. To describe the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with eyelid tumours in Hong Kong. DESIGN. Retrospective case series. SETTING. A tertiary eye centre in Hong Kong. PATIENTS. A computerised retrieval system was used to identify all patients who underwent eyelid mass excisions with histological reports, encountered in the period 2000 ...
Rosenberg Karen - - 2013
At least one mental disorder usually precedes suicidal behaviors.
Fok August Wm - - 2013
OBJECTIVES. To report the clinical and radiological results of all-inside meniscal repairs using a pre-loaded suture anchor. DESIGN. Case series. SETTING. Regional hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS. From January 2008 to June 2010, 51 patients with a mean age of 26 (range, 15-48) years with 57 meniscal tears underwent meniscal repair ...
Klein Margot - - 2013
The ability to handle a complex medication regimen is important for patients with cancer being treated on an outpatient basis, because many of them have to take drugs for oral chemotherapy, against cancer-related symptoms, side effects of the treatments, and preexisting conditions. This qualitative study examined how patients experienced a ...
Potera Carol - - 2013
And even when mothers have privacy, they prefer pumping at home.
Melnikov Vladimir N - - 2013
To verify whether peripheral blood circulation and arterial wall distensibility are influenced by atmospheric pressure (AtPr) and to examine if their association is dependent on age and/or sex. Associations among natural AtPr levels (on the examination day as well as 1 and 2 days prior), limb muscle hemodynamics, and distensibility ...
Mudiam Mohana Krishna Reddy - - 2013
Background: The present communication describes the combination of molecularly imprinted SPE and dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction for the selective preconcentration and determination of telmisartan (TEL) in rat urine, plasma and pharmaceutical formulation by HPLC. Results: Various factors that can affect the extraction efficiency of molecularly imprinted SPE and dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction ...
Chalabaev Aïna - - 2013
Previous evidence shows that stereotype threat impairs complex motor skills through increased conscious monitoring of task performance. Given that one-step motor skills may not be susceptible to these processes, we examined whether performance on a simple strength task may be reduced under stereotype threat. Forty females and males performed maximum ...
Yuan Xuan - - 2013
Isoliquiritigenin (ISL), a licorice chalconoid, is considered to be a bioactive agent with chemopreventive potential. This study investigates the mechanisms involved in ISL-induced apoptosis in human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells. Cell viability was evaluated using a 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry using an ...
García-Álvarez Lara - - 2013
There are many conventional microbiological methods in routine clinical practice to determine the sensitivity of common bacteria. The problem with these methods arises with bacteria that do not grow on habitual media (Rickettsia spp., Coxiella spp. and Anaplasma spp., among others) and for which there are no standardized techniques to ...
Chen Jiang-Fan JF Department of Neurology and Pharmacology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, - - 2013
Adenosine signalling has long been a target for drug development, with adenosine itself or its derivatives being used clinically since the 1940s. In addition, methylxanthines such as caffeine have profound biological effects as antagonists at adenosine receptors. Moreover, drugs such as dipyridamole and methotrexate act by enhancing the activation of ...
Vijayavel K - - 2013
To investigate protective effect of Coleus aromaticus leaf extract against naphthalene induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Eighteen male rats were divided into three groups. Group I rats were treated as control. Group II rats were intraperitoneally administered with naphthalene (435 mg/kg b.wt) dissolved in corn oil once a day for a ...
Wong Chee Siong - - 2013
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) formation for dialysis access is a common procedure. Fistula maturation is unpredictable. Preoperative duplex mapping may increase procedural success. We undertook a systematic review to assess the effect of preoperative duplex mapping on subsequent AVF patency. The published literature was searched on PubMed and the Cochrane Library ...
Kan Raymond Wm - - 2013
OBJECTIVES. (1) To evaluate the safety and efficacy of supine percutaneous nephrostomy, nephrolithotomy, and combined percutaneous nephrolithotomy and ureteroscopic lithotripsy. (2) To describe the skill-acquiring process in supine procedures and share our initial experience. DESIGN. Three-staged case series with prospective data collection. SETTING. Two public hospitals in Hong Kong. PATIENTS ...
Kallem Raja Reddy - - 2013
Background: A highly sensitive, specific and rapid LC-ESI-MS/MS method has been developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of amlodipine (AMD) and atenolol (ATL) in human plasma (200 µl) using AMD-d4 and ATL-d7, respectively, as an internal standard (IS) as per the regulatory guidelines. Results: The SPE method was used to ...
Arnold Rachel - - 2013
The series of related studies reported here describe the development and validation of the Organizational Stressor Indicator for Sport Performers (OSI-SP). In Study 1, an expert and usability panel examined the content validity and applicability of an initial item pool. The resultant 96 items were analyzed with exploratory factor analyses ...
Reimer M Todd - - 2013
Background: Biodistribution of drug and drug candidates offers critical information regarding drug disposition in target and nontarget tissues. Concentrations of therapeutic agents in target tissue provide the foundation for efficacy, while concentrations in nontarget tissue pose potential safety risks. Analysis of tissue samples can sometimes provide important information during the ...
Davis Louise - - 2013
The aim of the current study was to examine actor and partner effects of (a) athletes' and coaches' attachment styles (avoidant and anxious) on the quality of the coach-athlete relationship, and (b) athletes' and coaches' quality of the coach-athlete relationship on relationship satisfaction employing the actor-partner interdependence model (Kenny, Kashy, ...
Sharma Anurodh - - 2013
The caprine Insulin like Growth Factor1 (IGF1) gene was analyzed for identification of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and genetic structuring of Indian goat breeds. A panel of 80 samples belonging to nine Indian goat breeds (Capra hircus) including three large sized breeds (Jamunapari, Beetal and Jakhrana); three medium sized breeds ...
Untiet Sarah - - 2013
At the beginning of the 20th Century, cervical cancer was the leading cause of death from cancer in women. A marked decline in cervical cancer has been observed since the 1960s, in parallel with the introduction of the Papanicolau (Pap) test as a cytological screening method. Today, Pap smear screening ...
Wang Lin - - 2013
To investigate the protective effects of quercetin on cadmium-induced cytotoxicity in primary cultures of rat proximal tubular (rPT) cells. Primary cultures of rPT cells undergoing exponential growth were incubated with 1.0 μg/mL quercetin and/or cadmium (2.5, 5.0 μmol/L), in a serum-free medium at 37 °C at different time intervals. Commercial ...
Yuan Biao - - 2013
Polysaccharide export outer membrane proteins of Gram-negative bacteria are involved in the export of polysaccharides across the outer membrane. The mechanisms of polysaccharide export across the outer membrane in Gram-negative bacteria are not yet completely clear. However, the mechanisms of polysaccharide assembly in Escherichia coli have been intensively investigated. Here, ...
León Luis R LR - - 2013
Popliteal artery stenting is not routinely performed due to concerns related to the high mobility of the knee joint and the potential for external stent compression, fractures, and occlusion. Open bypass is traditionally considered the gold standard for popliteal artery atherosclerotic lesions. The Supera stent (IDEV Technologies Inc, Webster, Tex) ...
Dejea Christine C Department of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2013
The human colon plays host to a diverse and metabolically complex community of microorganisms. While the colonic microbiome has been suggested to contribute to the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), a definitive link has not been made. The role in which the colon microflora could contribute to the initiation and/or ...
Li Rui R Purdue University, Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, - - 2013
Photoacoustic imaging employing molecular overtone vibration as a contrast mechanism opens a new avenue for bond-selective imaging of deep tissues. Broad use of this modality is, however, hampered by the extremely low conversion efficiency of optical parametric oscillators at the overtone transition wavelengths. To overcome such a barrier, we demonstrate ...
Wegwarth Odette - - 2013
In most psychological and medical research, patients are assumed to have difficulties with health statistics but clinicians not. However, studies indicate that most doctors have problems in understanding health statistics, including those of their own speciality. For example, only two out of 20 urologists knew the information relevant for a ...
Pharoah Paul D P PD The Centre for Cancer Genetic Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2013
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified four susceptibility loci for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), with another two suggestive loci reaching near genome-wide significance. We pooled data from a GWAS conducted in North America with another GWAS from the UK. We selected the top 24,551 SNPs for inclusion on the iCOGS ...
Garcia-Closas Montserrat M 1] Division of Genetics and Epidemiology, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, UK. [2] Breakthrough Breast Cancer Research Centre, The Institute of Cancer Research, London, UK. - - 2013
Estrogen receptor (ER)-negative tumors represent 20-30% of all breast cancers, with a higher proportion occurring in younger women and women of African ancestry. The etiology and clinical behavior of ER-negative tumors are different from those of tumors expressing ER (ER positive), including differences in genetic predisposition. To identify susceptibility loci ...
Chan L S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. To assess the utility of remote-sensing infrared thermography as a screening tool for fever. DESIGN. Cross-sectional study comparing body temperatures measured by remote-sensing infrared thermography (maximum for frontal, forehead, or lateral views) with core temperatures measured by aural or oral methods. SETTING. Accident and Emergency Department, Queen Mary Hospital, ...
Bessonneau Vincent - - 2013
Background: Saliva samples collected from one 58 year old male and one 35 year old female during 7 days of fasting were analyzed by direct immersion of both C18 and mixed-mode biocompatible solid-phase microextraction fibers, in combination with a LC-MS method using a benchtop orbitrap instrument in both positive and ...
Cooke Andrew - - 2013
It is well documented that competition can affect performance and emotion in sport. However, our understanding of the comparative effects of individual and team competitions on performance and emotion is limited. We also know little about emotion-based mechanisms underlying the effects of different types of competition on performance. To address ...
Beach Ann Fleming AF Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Scottish Rite, USA. - - 2013
A pediatrician pays tribute to her mother's career.
Lin Si En - - 2013
To study whether effect of aspirin plus low-dose diethylstilbestrol is more effective and safer than high diethylstilbestrol dose alone on prevention of ovariectomy-induced osteopenia and dyslipidemia. Thirty-eight 4-month-old female SD rats were divided into baseline (BAS) group (n=6), sham operation group (n=8) and ovariectomy (OVX) group (n=24). The OVX group ...
Laverty Garry - - 2013
The multitude of biomolecular and regulatory factors involved in staphylococcal adhesion and biofilm formation owe much to their ability to colonize surfaces, allowing the biofilm form to become the preferential bacterial phenotype. Judging by total number, biomass and variety of environments colonized, bacteria can be categorized as the most successful ...
Huang Ching-Ying - - 2013
Lysostaphin (LYS) is an anti-staphylococcal prokaryotic polypeptide that has been used to avoid Staphylococcus aureus mastitis through transgenic or viral vector approaches exogenously expressed in dairy animals. However, glycosylation of lysostaphin expressed in mammalian cells results in a loss of bioactivity. Until now, the mechanism of site-specific glycosylation of lysostaphin ...
Koch Klaus - - 2013
Prostate cancer screening has been a controversial for decades. The recently published findings of large trials have further intensified the debate. The prospect of reducing mortality from prostate cancer is measured against the risk of over-diagnosing the disease. In individual cases, the trade-off between possible benefits and harms is possible ...
Chan Winnie Ky - - 2013
Vascular calcification in children with long-standing dialysis is a unique phenomenon. Hyperphosphataemia and hyperparathyroidism are the major pathogenic risk factors. We describe a young patient with end-stage renal disease diagnosed since childhood and underwent prolonged dialysis therapy. He was admitted for recurrent episodes of acute joint pain. Investigations confirmed diffuse ...
Eeles Rosalind A RA The Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, UK. - - 2013
Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in males in developed countries. To identify common prostate cancer susceptibility alleles, we genotyped 211,155 SNPs on a custom Illumina array (iCOGS) in blood DNA from 25,074 prostate cancer cases and 24,272 controls from the international PRACTICAL Consortium. Twenty-three new prostate cancer ...
Major Katherine - - 2013
Offering nurses a framework for discussing-and resolving- incidents of lateral violence.This is the second article in a series on leadership, coordinated by the American Organization of Nurse Executives (AONE), highlighting how nurses are leading change efforts in hospitals. It describes work done in conjunction with the AONE's Care Innovation and ...
Vogel Tobias - - 2013
Research on regulatory focus theory (Higgins, 1997) suggests that performance increases if instructions fit with sportspersons' dispositions. Sportspersons who chronically focus on wins (i.e., promotion-oriented individuals) perform best if instructions frame the objective as a promotion goal (e.g., "Try to hit!"). By contrast, sportspersons who chronically focus on losses (i.e., ...
Michailidou Kyriaki K Centre for Cancer Genetic Epidemiology, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2013
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. Common variants at 27 loci have been identified as associated with susceptibility to breast cancer, and these account for ∼9% of the familial risk of the disease. We report here a meta-analysis of 9 genome-wide association studies, including 10,052 breast cancer ...
Meier-Augenstein Wolfram - - 2013
Measurement of the relative abundance of (2)H (expressed in δ (2)H values) in tissues of plants, wildlife and people has evolved into a powerful forensic tool. The approach is based on the strong linkage between spatial patterns of δ (2)H values in precipitation at local and continental scales, and the ...
Kennedy Maureen Shawn - - 2013
Facilities that don't consider staff miss the point.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >