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Results 451 - 500 of 2434
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Bladen M - - 2013
Joint damage from bleeding episodes leads to physical or functional limitations in people with haemophilia. Various factors may influence the frequency and severity of joint damage. This study examined whether age, prophylaxis, history of high-titre inhibitors (HTI) and bleeding events influenced the Haemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS) in children. Medical ...
Hong Cynthia M - - 2013
A three-component reaction has been developed that allows the regioselective synthesis of thieno[2,3-c]pyrroles. The reaction is based on the ability of 2-acetyl-3-thiophenecarboxaldehyde to react with amine and thiol nucleophiles to produce the corresponding tri-substituted thieno[2,3-c]pyrroles, with water as the only by-product. The developed reaction expands the range of synthetically accessible, ...
de Oliveira Moreira Drielen - - 2013
Introduction: To evaluate the effects of suramin, an antifibrotic agent, on the cardiac function and remodeling in the mdx mice. Methods: mdx mice (8 months old) received intraperitoneal injections of suramin twice a week for 3 months. Control mdx mice (8 months old) were injected with saline. Results: Suramin improved ...
Sunna Anwar - - 2013
We show that a peptide linker sequence expressed as part of a fusion with protein G from Streptococcus binds to natural zeolite giving a complex to which a suitable antibody shows affinity binding. As a consequence, addition of the CRY104 antibody specific for an external surface epitope of Cryptosporidium allows ...
Cetinkaya Serife Esra - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the relationship between pelvic organ prolapse (POP) staging and clinical findings, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), sexual dysfunction, and quality of life (QoL) using validated questionnaires. METHODS: Women attending the urogynecology unit with LUTS and/or bulging (n = 388) were grouped according to the POP quantification (POPQ). ...
Kwon Eun-Kyung M - - 2013
We report a case of Merkel cell polyomavirus detection in the skin of a patient with epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EDV) and a family history remarkable for an unusual inheritance pattern for EDV.
Smardova Jana - - 2013
Glioblastoma is the most common and the most aggressive type of brain cancer. Aberrations of the RTK/RAS/PI3K-, p53-, and RB cell signaling pathways were recognized as a core requirement for pathogenesis of glioblastoma. The p53 tumor suppressor functions as a transcription factor transactivating expression of its target genes in response ...
Chen Lihong - - 2013
An environmentally friendly and inexpensive substitute to the widely used poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) has been developed from soy proteins for textile warp sizing. Textile processing is the major source of industrial water pollution across the world, and sizing and desizing operations account for nearly 30 % of the water consumed in ...
O'Brien J K - - 2013
Ejaculates from nine Asian and two African elephants were analysed to gain a further understanding of mechanisms underlying variable semen quality after transrectal massage. Semen analysis was performed after collection (0 h; subjective motility parameters only) and after 24 h of chilled storage at 10 °C (24 h; all ejaculate and sperm characteristics). Ejaculates ...
Rohlfs Anna-Katharina - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to measure the relationship between the shear elastic properties of vocal fold with respect to the direction of applied stress. There is extensive published material that quantifies the shear viscoelastic properties of the vocal fold, but as much of these data were obtained using ...
Lucitt Margaret B - - 2013
We report the development and demonstration of an assay that distinguishes the pharmacological effects of two widely used antiplatelet therapies, aspirin (COX-1 inhibitor) and clopidogrel (P2Y12 inhibitor). Whole blood is perfused through a low-volume microfluidic device in contact with a well-characterized (ellipsometry, atomic force microscopy) acid-soluble type I collagen surface. ...
Cecchi Michele - - 2013
Background Recurrent glioblastoma is nearly always fatal, with median survival rates of approximately 12-14 months. Previous phase II clinical trials showed promising results with bevacizumab, alone or in combination with irinotecan, in patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Objective To assess whether the survival of patients with recurrent glioblastoma receiving bevacizumab alone or ...
Disch Sabrina - - 2013
The mesostructure of ordered arrays of anisotropic nanoparticles is controlled by a combination of packing constraints and interparticle interactions, two factors that are strongly dependent on the particle morphology. We have investigated how the degree of truncation of iron oxide nanocubes controls the mesostructure and particle orientation in drop cast ...
Rempe Inga - - 2013
Fusarium toxin-contaminated ground maize was hydrothermally treated in the presence of different combinations of chemicals in order to simultaneously reduce zearalenone (ZEA) and deoxynivalenol (DON) concentrations. Treatments were carried out in a laboratory conditioner at 80 °C and 17 % moisture. Six different treatments were performed, consisting of 3 doses of methylamine ...
Rodríguez Antonio - - 2013
The Birama Swamp is the second largest wetland in the Caribbean region and it is inhabited by large populations of waterbirds. Here we report, for the first time, the foraging ecology and pollutant levels of three Ardeidae species: Cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis), Snowy egret (Egretta thula), and Tricolored heron (E. ...
Balme Sébastien - - 2013
Specific separations of protons and cations are usually performed by electromembrane processes, which require external electric energy. An easier process would be using a membrane able to separate both entities by passive diffusion. Presently, such synthetic nanoporous membranes do not exist. Here, we report the production of a robust hybrid ...
Karippacheril John George - - 2013
A 62 year old male with a right pyriform fossa lesion extending to the right arytenoid and obscuring the glottic inlet was planned for laser assisted excision. Direct laryngoscopic assessment after topicalization of the airway, showed a Cormack Lehane grade 3 view. We report a case where, in the absence of ...
Choudhury Natasha - - 2013
The Rapid Diagnostic Clinic (RDC) was introduced to comply with NICE recommendations for improving head and neck cancer services (National Institute of Clinical Excellence 2004 Improving outcomes in head and neck cancer: the manual. NICE, London). It provides multi-modality specialist assessment for new referrals, with on-site sonography and cytology. We ...
Ustaalioglu Bala Basak Oven - - 2013
Although oncological treatments are improving, the prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients has not. Several biomarkers related to prognosis have been evaluated, and M30 and M65 have been reported to be higher in patients with NSCLC than in healthy people. In the current study, we evaluated the clinical importance ...
Powell N M NM CSIRO, Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. - - 2013
Stripe rust resistance in the winter wheat cultivar Claire had remained effective in the UK and Europe since its release in 1999 and consequently has been used extensively in wheat breeding programs. However, in 2012, reports indicated that this valuable resistance may now have been compromised. To characterise stripe rust ...
Tin Adrienne A Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2013
Studies of multiple measures of a quantitative trait can have greater precision and thus statistical power compared with single-measure studies, but this has rarely been studied in the relation to quantitative trait measurement error models in genetic association studies. Using estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), a quantitative measure of kidney ...
Davis Mellar - - 2013
A mu receptor antagonist combined with oxycodone (OXY) may improve pain control, reduce physical tolerance and withdrawal, minimizing opioid-related bowel dysfunction and act as an abuse deterrent. The authors cover the use of OXY plus ultra-low-dose naltrexone for analgesia and the use of sustained-release OXY plus sustained-release naloxone to reduce ...
McGillen Jessica B - - 2013
We model the metabolism and behaviour of a developing cancer tumour in the context of its microenvironment, with the aim of elucidating the consequences of altered energy metabolism. Of particular interest is the Warburg Effect, a widespread preference in tumours for cytosolic glycolysis rather than oxidative phosphorylation for glucose breakdown, ...
Balderramas Helanderson A - - 2013
Paracoccidioidomycosis is a human systemic mycosis caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. The mechanisms involved in innate immune response to this fungus are not fully elucidated. Leukotrienes are known to be critical for the clearance of various microorganisms, mainly by mediating the microbicidal function of phagocytes. We investigated the involvement ...
Kuroi Kunisato - - 2013
TePixD is a blue-light sensor protein from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus BP-1 (TePixD Tll0078). Although the photochemistry has been examined, so far the photoproduct remains unknown. We have measured the diffusion coefficient (D) of TePixD in the dark by dynamic light scattering and have discovered a very peculiar diffusion ...
Katwal A B - - 2013
Targeting therapeutic gene expression to the skeletal muscle following intravenous (IV) administration is an attractive strategy for treating peripheral arterial disease (PAD), except that vector access to the ischemic limb could be a limiting factor. As adeno-associated virus serotype 9 (AAV-9) transduces skeletal muscle at high efficiency following systemic delivery, ...
Boveri Sarah - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine if body condition score (BCS) influences the sedative effect of intramuscular (IM) premedication or the dose of intravenous (IV) propofol required to achieve endotracheal intubation in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Forty-six client-owned dogs undergoing general anaesthesia. METHODS: Dogs were allocated to groups according to ...
Souza F M B - - 2013
Sensory information from visual, vestibular and proprioceptive systems is necessary to control posture and balance. Impairment in proprioception due to repetitive joints bleeding may lead to a deficit in postural balance which, in turn, leads to high joint stress and risk of bleeding recurrence. Despite the increase in attention in ...
Rossetti L C - - 2013
Inhibitor development against exogenous factor VIII is a severe impairment of replacement therapy affecting 18% of Argentine patients with severe haemophilia A (HA). To study the molecular predisposition for inhibitor development, we genotyped 260 HA patients with and without inhibitors, countrywide. The inhibitor-positive population (19 transients, 15 low responders, LR ...
Mann Eva - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIP) are an important cause of adverse medication-related events and increases morbidity, hospitalization, and health care costs, especially in nursing home residents. However, little is known about the associations between PIP and residents' characteristics. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to analyse the prevalence and ...
Chen X - - 2013
Obesity, a chronic, low-grade inflammatory disease, is associated with alterations of multiple immune-cell components in the visceral adipose tissue (VAT), in which CD4(+) Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been suggested to be a critical regulator. This review focuses on the current understanding of VAT-resident Tregs (VAT Tregs) and their ...
Fukunaga Issei - - 2013
Diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) is a new technique based on non-Gaussian water diffusion analysis. However, the original DKI protocol (six b values and 30 motion-probing gradient (MPG) directions) requires more than 10 min of scanning time, which is too long for daily clinical use. We aimed to find suitable b value, ...
Ge Dan - - 2013
A stable and fast method for constructing a neural-like tissue from rat neural stem/progenitor cells (rNS/PCs) based on three-dimensional (3D) collagen gel is described. First step, the collagen-embedded rNS/PCs expanded with the medium consisting of DMEM/F12/RPMI1640 (1:1:1) supplemented with EGF and bFGF was used to expand the cells in gel ...
Dubina Michael V - - 2013
Prebiotic peptide formation under aqueous conditions in the presence of metal ions is one of the plausible triggers of the emergence of life. The salt-induced peptide formation reaction has been suggested as being prebiotically relevant and was examined for the formation of peptides in NaCl solutions. In previous work we ...
Martín-Santiago Ana A Department of Dermatology, Son Espases University Hospital, Palma de Mallorca, - - 2013
We report a child with immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome due to a de novo c.1190G>A (p.R397Q) mutation in exon 11 of the forkhead domain of the FOXP3 gene. He had chronic dermatitis with an eczematous and ichthyosiform appearance and had an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. IPEX syndrome ...
Levitan E B - - 2013
This paper examines relationships between metrics of visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of blood pressure (BP) to determine which metrics should be calculated in studies of the association of VVV with health outcomes. We examined correlation and agreement between quintiles for standard deviation (s.d.), standard deviation independent of the mean (SDIM), coefficient ...
Xiong Feng - - 2013
In zebrafish and other vertebrates, primordial germ cells (PGCs) are a population of embryonic cells that give rise to sperm and eggs in adults. Any type of genetically manipulated lines have to be originated from the germ cells of the manipulated founders, thus it is of great importance to establish ...
Jiménez Maribel - - 2013
Since 2010, the number of cases of both human visceral leishmaniasis and cutaneous leishmaniasis in southwestern Madrid region (Spain) and more specifically in the town of Fuenlabrada has increased. Direct xenodiagnosis of leishmaniasis proved that hares (Lepus granatensis) from this focus are able to infect with Leishmania infantum colonized Phlebotomus ...
Sikalidis Angelos K - - 2013
A large body of epidemiological data indicates that obesity increases the risk of colon cancer in humans. There are limited studies using rodent models where the relationship between obesity and colon cancer has been studied. In this study, wild-type diet-induced obese (DIO) mice and lean wild-type controls were used to ...
Mata-Granados José M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between vitamin E status and osteoporosis in early postmenopausal women. Anthropometric data, osteoporosis risk factors, vitamin E serum levels, bone mineral density (BMD) and other serum parameters which may influence bone mineral density in postmenopausal women were analyzed in a ...
Marx Mathieu - - 2013
Postoperative imaging plays a growing role in clinical studies concerning prognostic factors in cochlear implantation. Indeed, intracochlear position of the cochlear implant has recently been identified as a contributor in functional outcomes and radiological tools must be accurate enough to determine the final placement of the electrode array. The aim ...
Miyanohara Mayu - - 2013
Aim of this study was to analyze the distribution and the phenotypic properties of the indigenous streptococci in the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) oral cavities. Eleven chimpanzees (from 9 to 44, average ± SD, 26.9 ± 12.6 years old) in the primate research institutes, Kyoto University, were enrolled in this research, and their brushing bacterial ...
Choi Yong-June - - 2013
In this work, we investigated the use of a homogeneous Al-doped zinc oxide (AZO) buffer layer to improve the performance of an organic light emitting diode (OLED) device fabricated on an AZO anode. For this, 10-nm-thick AZO buffer layers with Al doping concentrations of 3.1, 4.1, and 5.1 at.% were ...
Smaers J B JB Department of Anthropology, University College London, 14 Taviton Street, London WC1H 0BW, UK. - - 2013
Comparative analyses of primate brain evolution have highlighted changes in size and internal organization as key factors underlying species diversity. It remains, however, unclear (i) how much variation in mosaic brain reorganization versus variation in relative brain size contributes to explaining the structural neural diversity observed across species, (ii) which ...
Li Weiling - - 2013
A new family of boron difluoride-rigidified dyes, phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazole-quinoline boron difluoride (PQBD), with solid-state fluorescence has been designed and synthesized. The novel series of PQBD are advantageous over the typical boron difluoride-rigidified dyes such as BODIPYs in terms of large Stokes shift and red fluorescence in the solid state.
Saucedo-Mendiola María Leticia - - 2013
Abstract Entamoeba histolytica, the parasite which causes amebiasis is responsible for 110 000 deaths a year. Entamoeba histolytica depends on glycolysis to obtain ATP for cellular work. According to metabolic flux studies, hexokinase exerts the highest flux control of this metabolic pathway; therefore, it is an excellent target in the search ...
Bazeed Mohamed Fayez - - 2013
BackgroundAortic stenosis (AS) is the most frequent valvular heart disease, and patients who develop AS are at a high risk of sudden death. There is no medical cure available, and aortic valve replacement is the only effective treatment for advanced disease. Preoperative evaluation is the cornerstone of therapy and is ...
Cowie Martin R MR Imperial College London (Royal Brompton Hospital), London, UK. - - 2013
Central sleep apnoea/Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSA/CSR) is a risk factor for increased mortality and morbidity in heart failure (HF). Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) is a non-invasive ventilation modality for the treatment of CSA/CSR in patients with HF. SERVE-HF is a multinational, multicentre, randomized, parallel trial designed to assess the effects of addition ...
Friesland Martina M Departamento de Biología Molecular y Celular, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología-CSIC, Madrid, - - 2013
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genome replication is thought to occur in a membranous cellular compartment derived from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The molecular mechanisms by which these membrane-associated replication complexes are formed during HCV infection are only starting to be unraveled, and both viral and cellular factors contribute to their ...
Zyska Björn - - 2013
An up to 18-fold increase of the turnover frequency (TOF) in the catalase-like hydrogen peroxide dismutation reaction is observed by incorporation of substituents in the β-position of xanthene-modified iron corroles.
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