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Results 401 - 450 of 3210
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Kunz Nicolas - - 2013
Over the last decade, there has been a significant increase in the number of high-magnetic-field MRI magnets. However, the exact effect of a high magnetic field strength (B0 ) on diffusion-weighted MR signals is not yet fully understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of different ...
Battula Narendra - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Isolated intrahepatic recurrence is noted in up to 40% of patients following curative liver resection for colorectal liver metastases (CLM). The aims of this study were to analyse the outcomes of repeat hepatectomy for recurrent CLM and to identify factors predicting survival. METHODS: Data for all liver resections for ...
Thomas Stephanie Margarete - - 2013
The occurrence of ectotherm disease vectors outside of their previous distribution area and the emergence of vector-borne diseases can be increasingly observed at a global scale and are accompanied by a growing number of studies which investigate the vast range of determining factors and their causal links. Consequently, a broad ...
Ma Xiao-Jing - - 2013
Delignined corncob residue hydrolysate (DCCRH) and detoxified DCCRH were used for single cell oil (SCO) and single cell protein (SCP) production of Cryptococcus curvatus ATCC 96219 and for sophorolipid (SL) production of Wickerhamiella domercqiae var. sophorolipid CGMCC 1576. Both C. curvatus and W. domercqiae could utilize glucose in DCCRH to ...
Hvilsom C - - 2013
Despite ample focus on this endangered species, conservation planning for chimpanzees residing outside Africa has proven a challenge because of the lack of ancestry information. Here, we analysed the largest number of chimpanzee samples to date, examining microsatellites in >100 chimpanzees from the range of the species in Africa, and ...
Han Miao - - 2013
Genomic imprinting and maternal effects have been increasingly explored for their contributions to complex diseases. Statistical methods have been proposed to detect both imprinting and maternal effects simultaneously based on nuclear families. However, these methods only make use of case-parents triads and possibly control-parents triads, thus wasting valuable information contained ...
Sukhwal Anshul - - 2013
Protein-protein interactions are important in carrying out many biological processes and functions. These interactions may be either permanent or of temporary nature. Several studies have employed tools like solvent accessibility and graph theory to identify these interactions, but still more studies need to be performed to quantify and validate them. ...
Giuliani Jacopo - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the intensity and the duration of skin rash in young and elderly patients treated with cetuximab for advanced colorectal cancer, in order to define a possible relationship between age and skin toxicity. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all consecutive patients with advanced ...
Rath Emma M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Helical membrane proteins are vital for the interaction of cells with their environment. Predicting the location of membrane helices in protein amino acid sequences provides substantial understanding of their structure and function and identifies membrane proteins in sequenced genomes. Currently there is no comprehensive benchmark tool for evaluating prediction ...
Deppe Herbert - - 2013
Objective: Thermal Nd:YAG laser energy is well known for the purpose of blood coagulation. However, little is known about the bleeding frequency following laser-assisted oral surgery in patients on coumarin drugs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare retrospectively the frequency of bleeding complications following Nd:YAG laserassisted versus ...
Alabi Taiwo R - - 2013
We report on the formation of hierarchical nanostructures of Au, PtOx, FexOy and PdOx using a hybrid technique by combining laser interference ablation (LIA) and block copolymer phase separation (BCPS). Different types of hierarchical arrays can be obtained including square, triangular, linear and circular arrays by varying the loading time ...
Kawai Toshiyuki - - 2013
Bone ingrowth into porous Ti metal is important for stable fixation of Ti metal implants to surrounding bone. However, without surface treatment this is limited to only a thin region of the outer surface of the Ti metal. In the present study, a porous Ti metal with a porosity of ...
Berry Vanita - - 2013
Congenital cataracts are an important cause of bilateral visual impairment in infants. Through genome-wide linkage analysis in a four-generation family of Irish descent, the disease-associated gene causing autosomal-dominant congenital nuclear cataract was mapped to chromosome 4p16.1. The maximum logarithm of odds (LOD) score was 2.62 at a recombination fraction θ=0, ...
Yang Yong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The extant Gnetales include three monotypic families, namely, Ephedraceae (Ephedra), Gnetaceae (Gnetum), and Welwitschiaceae (Welwitschia), all of which possess compound female cones that comprise a main axis and 1 to multiple pairs/whorls of bracts subtending a female reproductive unit or having lower pairs/whorls of bracts sterile. However, the evolutionary ...
Brouwer I A - - 2013
This review asks the question if further research on trans fatty acids and cardiovascular health is needed. We therefore review the evidence from human studies on trans fatty acids and cardiovascular health, and provide a quantitative review of effects of trans fatty acid intake on lipoproteins. The results show that ...
Wang Shaoli - - 2013
A series of 2-[1-(4,6-dimethyl-2-benzhydrylphenylimino)ethyl]-6-[1-(arylimino)ethyl]pyridines was synthesized and used to prepare the iron(ii) and cobalt(ii) chloride complexes thereof. All organic compounds were fully characterized by elemental analysis, IR and NMR ((1)H/(13)C) spectroscopy, whilst the metal complexes were characterized by elemental analysis and IR spectroscopy as well as by single-crystal X-ray diffraction ...
Brückner Christin - - 2013
Isomerization and enantiomerization of Asp in the tetrapeptide Ala-Phe-Asp-GlyOH was studied at pH 10 and 80°C as well as 25°C. CE-MS allowed the distinction between α-Asp and β-Asp linkages in degradation products based on the ratio of the b and y fragment ions. Besides isomerization and enantiomerization of Asp, enantiomerization ...
Montazerolghaem Maryam - - 2013
Locally applied simvastatin is known to promote bone regeneration; however, the lack of suitable delivery systems has restricted its clinical use. In this study we demonstrate for the first time the use of premixed acidic calcium phosphate cement (CPC) as a delivery system for water solubilised simvastatin. Freeze-dried simvastatin β-hydroxy ...
Spitz Gershon - - 2013
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently results in impairments of memory, speed of information processing, and executive functions that may persist over many years. Diffuse axonal injury is one of the key pathologies following TBI, causing cognitive impairments due to the disruption of cortical white matter pathways. The current study examined ...
Yoneoka Yuichiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: High-definition imaging in endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery accounts for significantly better identification of anatomic structures. This report presents the clinical images of the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis under high-definition endoscopic observation, and provides some clues for pituitary-sparing surgery. METHODS: Ten demonstrative cases of pituitary lesions, including three cases of gonadotropin-producing ...
Katju Vaishali - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gene duplicates often exhibit asymmetric rates of molecular evolution in their early evolutionary existence. This asymmetry in rates is thought to signify the maintenance of the ancestral function by one copy and the removal of functional constraint on the other copy, enabling it to embark on a novel evolutionary ...
Mazzeo Mina - - 2013
The potential of the phenoxy-thioether moieties as ancillary ligands in the coordination chemistry of group 3 metals was explored. The amine elimination reactions between yttrium and scandium amido precursors {M [N(SiHMe2)2]3 (THF)n} with the proligands {4,6-tBu2-OC6H2-2-CH2S(2-R-C6H4)}H [R = H (), CH3 (), Br (), CF3 ()], bearing different substituents at ...
Redon Josep - - 2013
The accuracy of clinic blood pressure (BP) measurements is limited due to the presence of 24-hour BP variability and white-coat or masked hypertension. In contrast, 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) has evolved into an accurate and reproducible tool for the assessment and management of hypertension. Various out-of-office measurements can be ...
Offman Elliot - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The fixed-dose combination of aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) 25 mg plus extended-release dipyridamole 200 mg (ASA + ER-DP) is used for long-term secondary stroke prevention in patients who have experienced non-cardioembolic stroke or transient ischemic attack. Although the theoretical risk is low that the antiplatelet activity of ASA + ER-DP will be affected by concomitant use ...
Houvenaeghel Gilles - - 2013
Micrometastases or sub-micrometastases can be detected by standard histopathological method sometimes associated with immunohistochemistry in lymph nodes, bone marrow and blood. The consequence of these small size involvement may be prognostic and therapeutic. Two factors are necessary to assess this kind of involvement: the rate of involvement of non-sentinel lymph ...
Chesney Dana L - - 2013
Prior knowledge in the domain of mathematics can sometimes interfere with learning and performance in that domain. One of the best examples of this phenomenon is in students' difficulties solving equations with operations on both sides of the equal sign. Elementary school children in the U.S. typically acquire incorrect, operational ...
Boyce Alison M - - 2013
Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a skeletal disorder caused by activating mutations in Gsα that result in elevations in cAMP. A feature of FD is elevated blood levels of the bone cell-derived phosphaturic hormone, fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23). FGF23 regulates serum phosphorus and active vitamin D levels by action on proximal ...
Jafri Syed H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation has been linked with cancer development, cancer cachexia and poor outcome. Advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) was developed to assess degree of systemic inflammation at the time of diagnosis in metastatic non-small cell lung (NSCLC) cancer patients. METHODS: In a single institution retrospective review 173 patients ...
Velez Edwards Digna R - - 2013
PURPOSE: Progestogen has been investigated as a preventive intervention among women with increased preterm birth risk. Our objective was to systematically review the effectiveness of intramuscular (IM), vaginal, and oral progestogens for preterm birth and neonatal death prevention. METHODS: We included articles published from January 1966 to January 2013 and ...
Crowder Spencer W - - 2013
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of electrically conductive, biocompatible composite scaffolds in modulating the cardiomyogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Materials & methods: Electrospun scaffolds of poly(ε-caprolactone) with or without carbon nanotubes were developed to promote the in vitro cardiac differentiation of hMSCs. Results: Results indicate that hMSC ...
Green Jonathan - - 2013
Theory and evidence suggest the potential value of prodromal intervention for infants at risk of developing autism. We report an initial case series (n = 8) of a parent-mediated, video-aided and interaction-focused intervention with infant siblings of autistic probands, beginning at 8-10 months of age. We outline the theory and evidence base behind ...
Ciccacci Cinzia - - 2013
MicroRNAs are small single-stranded molecules that have emerged as important genomic regulators in different pathways. Different studies have shown that they are implicated in the metabolism and glucose homeostasis, and therefore, they could also be involved in the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The aim ...
Siqueira Guilherme Oliveira - - 2013
Zinc sulphide was obtained through hydrothermal decomposition of [Zn(S2CNEt2)] under different experimental conditions such as temperatures and reaction times. Hydrothermal reactions were carried out in a stainless steel autoclave at 160, 180 and 200 °C for 3, 6 and 24 hours. The obtained products were characterized using X-ray diffraction, scanning ...
Mondelli Rafael Francisco - - 2013
The available options for restoring multiple surface cavities are: amalgam, composite resin, or indirect restorations. Adhesive system and intradentinal pin-retained composite resin restorations should have a similar performance to pin-retained amalgam, regarding resistance to support occlusal forces. Polymerization shrinkage is a major concern when performing direct posterior composite resin restorations ...
Kos F T - - 2013
Objective: There are some data regarding the role of cystatin C, a cysteine proteinase inhibitor, in determining the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) more accurately. We aimed to evaluate the correlation of serum cystatin C levels with the serum creatinine levels and GFR calculated by Cockcroft-Gault and modification of diet in ...
Wojcinski Sebastian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Lesions of the breast that are classified BI-RADS(R)-US 3 by ultrasound are probably benign and observation is recommended, although malignancy may occasionally occur.In our study, we focus exclusively on BI-RADS(R)-US 3 lesions and hypothesize that sonoelastography as an adjunct to conventional ultrasound can identify a high-risk-group and a low-risk-group ...
Zheng Tingting - - 2013
Sets of complementary lipidated coiled-coil forming peptides that fuse membrane fusion have been designed. The influence of the coiled-coil motif on the rate of liposome fusion was studied, by varying the number of heptad repeats. We found that an increased coiled-coil stability of complementary peptides translates into increased rates of ...
Yi Ju Won - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the radiological healing process after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of humeral shaft fractures with plate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the data of 53 consecutive patients who had undergone rigid plate fixation of OTA 12 A or B humeral ...
Principe Simona - - 2013
Expressed prostatic secretions (EPS) are proximal fluids of the prostate that are increasingly being utilized as a clinical source for diagnostic and prognostic assays for prostate cancer (PCa). These fluids contain an abundant amount of microvesicles reflecting the secretory function of the prostate gland, and their protein composition remains poorly ...
Lenicek Krleza J - - 2013
Refeeding syndrome (RFS) is a well-described state of the series of metabolic and biochemical changes that can occur during the feeding of malnourished persons. The shifts in fluids and electrolytes can lead to complications during artificial feeding, which if not recognised and untreated can lead to death. Although the physiology ...
Moro Cécile - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We have shown previously that near-infrared light (NIr) treatment or photobiomodulation neuroprotects dopaminergic cells in substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) from degeneration induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) in Balb/c albino mice, a well-known model for Parkinson's disease. The present study explores whether NIr treatment offers neuroprotection to these cells in ...
Karimiani Ehsan Ghayoor - - 2013
Molecular diagnostics in haematological malignancies continues to advance towards more personalized treatment and accordingly demand is increasing for procedures providing quantitative analyses of heterogeneous tissue in malignancies. Circulating leukaemic cells are diverse and comprise discrete clonal populations arising from a common progenitor cell. Some of the current diagnostic techniques possess ...
Tarabar Olivera - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Published data indicate that common genetic variants in immune/inflammatory response genes can affect the outcome of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). This study investigated the association of interleukin (IL)-10 (-3575, -1082), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α -308 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β Leu10Pro gene polymorphisms with clinical characteristics and outcome ...
Zhao Yang - - 2013
This retrospective analysis of hip fracture patients with and without muscle atrophy/weakness (MAW) revealed that those with MAW had significantly higher healthcare utilization and costs compared with hip fracture patients without MAW. Examine the demographics, clinical characteristics, and healthcare resource utilization and costs of hip fracture patients with and without ...
Pritchard Janet M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The risk of experiencing an osteoporotic fracture is greater for adults with type 2 diabetes despite higher than normal bone mineral density (BMD). In addition to BMD, trabecular bone microarchitecture contributes to bone strength, but is not assessed using conventional BMD measurement by dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The aim ...
Regad Tarik - - 2013
Melanoma is a malignant tumor of melanocytes that can spread to other organs of the body, resulting in severe and/or lethal malignancies. Melanocytes are pigment-producing cells found in the deep layer of the epidermis and are originated from melanocytes stem cells through a cellular process called melanogenesis. Several genes and ...
Roberts C A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Deficits in executive functions such as access to semantic/long-term memory have been shown in ecstasy users in previous research. Equally, there have been many reports of equivocal findings in this area. The current study sought to further investigate behavioural and electro-physiological measures of this executive function in ecstasy users. ...
Kroon Jojanneke S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence rates (IRs) of bipolar I and bipolar II disorders in the general population according to sociodemographic population characteristics. METHODS: A cohort study (during the years 1996-2007) was conducted in a general practitioners research database with a longitudinal electronic record of 800000 patients throughout the Netherlands ...
Chen Longyan - - 2013
Quantum dots (QDs) have been encapsulated within gelatin nanoparticles (GNPs), which gives GNPs fluorescent properties and improves the biocompatibility of QDs. Hydrophilic CdSe QDs were produced through thermodecomposition following the ligand-exchange method, and were then encapsulated in GNPs. The results of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy show ...
Clark Amanda - - 2013
Biodegradable polymer scaffolds are being extensively investigated for uses in tissue engineering because of their versatility in fabrication methods and range of achievable chemical and mechanical properties. In this study, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) was used to make various types of microspheres that were processed into porous scaffolds that possessed a ...
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