Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 3209
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Márquez-Magaña Leticia - - 2013
Cancer health disparities are often described as the unequal burden of cancer deaths in one racial/ethnic group compared to another. For example, national cancer statistics in the USA shows that Blacks die the most for 9 of the top 10 cancers in men and women. When asked about the underlying ...
Saha Manujendra N - - 2013
p53 is a powerful tumor suppressor and is an attractive cancer therapeutic target. A breakthrough in cancer research came from the discovery of the drugs which are capable of reactivating p53 function. Most anti-cancer agents, from traditional chemo- and radiation therapies to more recently developed non-peptide small molecules exert their ...
Wu Junbiao - - 2013
A new open-framework zinc phosphate with 12-ring channels has been solvothermally synthesized by using the in situ generated methylviologen as the template, which exhibits multi-photoactive properties such as photochromism, photoelectricity and fluorescence.
Islam Nilufar - - 2013
The optimization of chlorine dosage and the number of booster locations is an important aspect of water quality management in distribution networks. Booster chlorination helps to maintain uniformity and adequacy of free residual chlorine concentration, essential for safeguarding against microbiological contamination. Higher chlorine dosages increase free residual chlorine concentration but ...
Mishra Shashank - - 2013
During the past few years, the production of natural value-added compounds from microbial sources has gained tremendous importance. Due to an increase in consumer demand for natural products, various food and pharmaceutical industries are continuously in search of novel metabolites obtained from microbial biotransformation. The exploitation of microbial biosynthetic pathways ...
Yoo Hye Jin - - 2013
Omentin-1 is an adipokine implicated in diabetes, inflammation, and cardiovascular disease. However, no prospective studies have examined the impact of circulating omentin-1 levels on arterial stiffening in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. For the purpose of this study, we recruited 120 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and measured ...
Jakubek Delphine - - 2013
Members of the pathogenic Legionella genus encounter suitable growth conditions in nuclear power plant cooling circuits. To limit its proliferation and ensure that levels remain below regulatory thresholds, chemical treatment with monochloramine can be used in continuous or sequential conditions. The aim of this study was to determine the impact ...
Bintanja R - - 2013
Ongoing and projected greenhouse warming clearly manifests itself in the Arctic regions, which warm faster than any other part of the world. One of the key features of amplified Arctic warming concerns Arctic winter warming (AWW), which exceeds summer warming by at least a factor of 4. Here we use ...
Antonis Chaniotis - - 2013
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to introduce a minimally invasive microsurgical technique for the treatment of the necrotic, immature apex tooth in adult patients and to provide treatment recommendations. Method and Materials: A 43-year-old male patient was diagnosed with chronic apical periodontitis associated with a necrotic, immature ...
Vasquez M I - - 2013
Water scarcity is one of the most important environmental and public health problems of our century. Treated wastewater reuse seems to be the most attractive option for the enhancement of water resources. However, the lack of uniform guidelines at European and/or Mediterranean level leaves room for application of varying guidelines ...
Jain Siddharth - - 2013
Melatonin is widely used for sleep disorders in patients with a range of developmental disorders and neurodisabilities, who also frequently have epilepsy. The aim of our review was to examine published data to assess the evidence for melatonin affecting seizure control. The literature search revealed 26 papers apparently reporting an ...
Diogo Rui - - 2013
The present publication reviews the broader evolutionary implications of our long-term study of primate musculature. It summarizes the implications of the study for our understanding of the use of myological characters for phylogenetic reconstruction, for assessing the importance of homoplasy and reversions in evolution, and for our understanding of Dollo's ...
Shigemura Katsumi - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to examine the use of anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) drugs, such as vancomycin (VCM), teicoplanin (TEIC), arbekasin (ABK) and linezolid (LZD), and the antibiotic susceptibilities of MRSAs in Kobe University Hospital. We investigated MRSA isolation and use of anti-MRSA drugs and susceptibilities of MRSA, ...
Carroll Fran E - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine quantitatively the attributes of such screening tests that couples placed most value on. METHODS: A stated preference discrete choice experiment was conducted among a sample of pregnant women and their male partners. One four-level attribute (cost) and three two-level attributes (detection rate, gestation and ...
Cerezo Javier - - 2013
In this work, we investigate systems formed by β-carotene and zeaxanthin embedded separately in a model lipid bilayer of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) through molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The study is conducted using an all-atoms model and by analyzing the structural changes that occur at both the carotenoid molecule and the membrane ...
Muhammad Naveed - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present study was aimed to provide ethnopharmacological basis for the medicinal use of Viola betonicifolia whole plant in indigestion and constipation. METHODS: Mice were used in in-vivo prokinetic and laxative studies while in-vitro experiments were conducted on isolated tissues of rabbit and guinea-pig gut preparations suspended in a ...
Tunçyürek Ozüm - - 2013
Ciliated foregut cysts (CFCs) are rare masses that develop from the tissues which remain from embryological foregut development. In the literature, about a hundred cases have been described in various organs so far. Although rare, there is a risk of development of squamous cell carcinoma from these cysts that typically ...
Deppe Herbert - - 2013
Objective: Recent review articles have shown that open debridement is more effective in the treatment of peri-implantitis than closed therapy. However, surgery may result in marginal recession and compromise esthetics. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of nonsurgical antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) in moderate vs severe ...
Chui Michael Herman - - 2013
In chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT), the follicular epithelial cells display cytological atypia resembling papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), and epidemiological studies have suggested an increased risk of PTC in patients with this condition. While reactive atypia is observed diffusely in CLT-affected thyroid parenchyma, it is not unusual to find microscopic foci ...
Ying Liu-Hua - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence rates of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression and to explore potential risk factors among child and adolescent survivors 1 year following the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. 3052 participants were administered the Child PTSD Symptom Scale, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies ...
Spanos D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) is rising, although the evidence base for its treatment in this population group is minimal. Weight management interventions that are accessible to adults with ID will reduce the inequalities that they frequently experience in health services. This short report ...
Li Zhifeng - - 2013
The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a two-tube multiplex real-time RT-PCR assay for the detection and identification of four viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) pathogens, severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV), Hantaan virus (HTNV), Seoul virus (SEOV), and dengue virus (DENV), from human clinical samples. The ...
Kaewmanee M - - 2013
Natural killer group 2 member D (NKG2D) on immune effector cells recognizes multiple stress-inducible ligands. NKG2D single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) haplotypes were related to the levels of cytotoxic activity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Indeed, these polymorphisms were also located in NKG2F. Isothermal multiple displacement amplification (IMDA) is used for whole ...
Arrieta-Garay Yanine - - 2013
Pear distillates are generally produced from the Bartlett variety because of its rich aroma. In this study, a chemical and sensorial comparative examination of pear distillates from the three main varieties grown in Spain (Bartlett, Blanquilla, and Conference) using two distillation systems (copper Charentais alembic and packed-column) was undertaken. Volatile ...
Serdula M K - - 2013
Background/Objectives:To combat iron and other micronutrient deficiencies, the Ministry of Health of the Kyrgyz Republic launched a regional Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) program in 2009, which included promotion of home fortification with micronutrient powder (MNP) containing iron (12.5 mg elemental iron), vitamin A (300 μg) and other micronutrients. Every 2 ...
Shinohara Russell T - - 2013
Parsimony is important for the interpretation of causal effect estimates of longitudinal treatments on subsequent outcomes. One method for parsimonious estimates fits marginal structural models by using inverse propensity scores as weights. This method leads to generally large variability that is uncommon in more likelihood-based approaches. A more recent method ...
Wu Yan - - 2013
The recently discovered 150-cavity (formed by loop residues 147-152, N2 numbering) adjacent to the enzymatic active site of group 1 influenza A neuraminidase (NA) has introduced a novel target for the design of next-generation NA inhibitors. However, only group 1 NAs, with the exception of the 2009 pandemic H1N1 NA, ...
Katz Jerald - - 2013
Arrested pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus is a normal anatomic variant which may be mistaken for pathology. Suspected cases of arrested pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus on cone beam CT and multidetector CT scans are presented. Pertinent imaging findings and differential diagnosis are discussed.
Wang Jinshan - - 2013
Fluorescent organic nanoparticles (FONs) as a new class of nanomaterials can provide more advantages than molecule based probes. However, their applications in specific metal ion detection have rarely been exploited. We design and synthesize a branched small-molecule compound with triazole as a core and benzothiadiazole derivative as branches. By a ...
Hagi Tatsuro - - 2013
Various bacteria have been found in raw cow's milk, and identifying milk microflora and its functions is critical for maintaining cow health and farm hygiene. Although studies on pathogens and spoilage bacteria in milk have been widely reported, the relationship between milk bacteria, including nonpathogenic bacteria, and the bovine udder ...
Baron Gabriel - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Multiple-arm randomized trials can be more complex in their design, data analysis, and result reporting than two-arm trials. We conducted a systematic review to assess the reporting of analyses in reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with multiple arms. METHODS: The literature in the MEDLINE database was searched for ...
Liu Shenghao - - 2013
Genome-wide characterization of the Pohlia nutans transcriptome is essential for clarifying the role of stress-relevant genes in Antarctic moss adapting to the extreme polar environment. High-throughput Illumina sequencing was used to analyze the gene expression profile of P. nutans after cold treatment. A total of 93,488 unigenes, with an average ...
Bota Simona - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic hepatitis C represents an important health problem. The aim of our meta-analysis was to establish the role of reference single nucleotide (rs) 12979860 allele of interleukin-28B (IL28B) CC versus CT+TT genotype (the most researched allele of IL28B) as a predictor of sustained virological response (SVR) in ...
Nakayama S - - 2013
Transient global cerebral ischemia due to cardiac arrest followed by resuscitation (CA/CPR) causes significant neurological damage in vulnerable neuron populations within the brain, such as hippocampal CA1 neurons. In recent years, we have implicated the transient receptor potential M2 (TRPM2) channel as a mediator of ischemic injury to neurons. We ...
Ebner Bernd - - 2013
Postconditioning enables cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injury either by application of short, repetitive ischemic periods or by pharmacological intervention prior to reperfusion. Pharmacological postconditioning has been described for phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors when the substances were applied as a permanent infusion. For clinical purposes, application of a bolus is more convenient. In a ...
Meire Maarten A - - 2013
In root canal therapy, irrigating solutions are essential to assist in debridement and disinfection. Their spread and action is often restricted by canal anatomy, requiring some form of activation. Lasers have been shown to be promising tools for this purpose (laser-activated irrigation (LAI)). For LAI to be effective, high absorption ...
Fu Shao-Zhi - - 2013
Scaffolds for bone tissue engineering applications should have suitable degradability in favor of new bone ingrowth after implantation into bone defects. In this study, degradation behavior of polyurethane composites composed of tri-block copolymer Poly(caprolactone)-Poluronic-Poly(caprolactone) (PCL-Pluronic-PCL, PCFC) and nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) was investigated. The water contact angle and water absorption were measured ...
Nonaka Paula N - - 2013
Lung bioengineering based on decellularized organ scaffolds is a potential alternative for transplantation. Freezing/thawing, a usual procedure in organ decellularization and storage could modify the mechanical properties of the lung scaffold and reduce the performance of the bioengineered lung when subjected to the physiological inflation-deflation breathing cycles. The aim of ...
Sartini Davide - - 2013
Lung cancer, predominantly non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), is currently the most common cause of malignancy-related death in the world. Despite advances in both detection and treatment, its incidence rate is still increasing. Therefore, effective strategies for early detection as well as molecular therapeutic targets are urgently needed. We focused ...
Tolba Fetnat M - - 2013
There have been conflicting results regarding a correlation between CD133 expression and disease outcome. To assess CD133 expression in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to evaluate its correlation with the different clinical and laboratory data as well as its relation to disease outcome, ...
Maeda Hiroki - - 2013
Haemaphysalis longicornis is known as one of the most important ticks transmitting Babesia parasites in East Asian countries, including Babesia ovata and Babesia gibsoni, as well as Theileria parasites. H. longicornis is not the natural vector of Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina. Vector ticks and transmitted parasites are thought to ...
Güngör Deniz - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pompe disease is a rare metabolic myopathy for which disease-specific enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has been available since 2006. ERT has shown efficacy concerning muscle strength and pulmonary function in adult patients. However, no data on the effect of ERT on the survival of adult patients are currently available. ...
Zhu Dong-Mei - - 2013
This study established and characterized a new cell line (MAF) from the fin of blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala), a freshwater fish cultivated in China. MAF cells proliferated well in medium 199 supplemented with 10 % fetal bovine serum at 28 °C and have been subcultured more than 95 times in almost ...
Wang Lishan - - 2013
Liver carcinomas have been classified into three types: hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), cholangiocarcinoma (CC), and combined HCC-CC (CHC). We aim to find the common and different characteristic of these three types of liver cancer. The gene expression profiling of HCC, CC, and CHC were compared with each other, and enrichment pathways ...
Bardy G - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Quercetin is a natural polyphenolic flavonoid that displays antidiabetic properties in vivo. Its mechanism of action on insulin secreting β-cells is poorly documented. In this work, we have analyzed in β cells the effect of quercetin both on insulin secretion and on the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+) ...
Eisenkraft Arik - - 2013
Organophosphate (OP) poisoning is associated with long-lasting neurological damage, which is attributed mainly to the excessive levels of glutamate caused by the intoxication. Glutamate toxicity, however, is not specific to OP poisoning, and is linked to propagation of damage in both acute and chronic neurodegenerative conditions in the central nervous ...
Lang Brian Hung-Hin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have suggested that low preoperative 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) is a risk factor for hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy, the impact of preoperative 25-OHD on calcium (Ca)/parathyroid hormone (PTH) kinetics in the immediate postoperative period remains unclear. The study compared the postoperative Ca/PTH kinetics between different preoperative 25-OHD ...
Fernandes Jocianelle Maria - - 2013
Objective: To perform a literature review on the clinical and/or laboratory performance of the use of calcium hydroxide in deep cavities of primary teeth. Method and Materials: Literature in professional journals and summaries of BBO, LILACS, and MEDLINE databases (2000 to 2010) linked to the Virtual Health Library and PUBMED ...
Johnson Markey - - 2013
Regulatory monitoring data and land-use regression (LUR) models have been widely used for estimating individual exposure to ambient air pollution in epidemiologic studies. However, LUR models lack fine-scale temporal resolution for predicting acute exposure and regulatory monitoring provides daily concentrations, but fails to capture spatial variability within urban areas. This ...
Collgros H - - 2013
Dermanyssus gallinae is a mite that normally parasitizes small birds but may occasionally bite humans. We report an unusual case of an 82-year-old woman who presented with pruritus and bite-like lesions over her trunk. Other members of the household were also affected. On physical examination, mites < 1 mm in size were ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >