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Drüsedau Marion - - 2013
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) is a method of testing in vitro embryos as an alternative to prenatal diagnosis with possible termination of pregnancy in case of an affected child. Recently, PGD for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer caused by BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations has found its way in specialized labs. ...
Akhtar M S - - 2013
A 30-day acclimation trial was conducted using Tor putitora to elucidate its thermal tolerance, oxygen consumption, haemato-biochemical variables and selected enzymatic activities at five acclimation temperatures (AT). Juveniles of T. putitora were randomly distributed among five treatment groups (20, 23, 26, 29 and 32 ± 0.5 °C). There was a significant curvilinear increase ...
Krautz C - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Immunosuppressive drugs used in human islet transplantation interfere with the balance between beta cell renewal and death, and thus may contribute to progressive graft dysfunction. We analysed the influence of immunosuppressants on the proliferation of transplanted alpha and beta cells after syngeneic islet transplantation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. METHODS: ...
Chen I-Pei - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Glypican-3 (GPC3) is a new prognostic factor after curative hepatectomy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and the expression of GPC3 is known to be associated with postoperative metastasis. However, the role of GPC3 in patients with early HCC remains unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 55 patients with early ...
Poritz Lisa S - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Bacteria have been implicated in the development of pouchitis after ileal pouch anal anastomosis. The change in gastric pH with the use of proton pump inhibitors and H2 antagonists may lead to alteration of enteric bacteria. We hypothesized that chronic use of these medications would decrease the incidence of ...
Zbroch Edyta - - 2013
Background: hRenalase may degrade catecholamines and regulate sympathetic tone and blood pressure (BP). The aim of the study was to assess dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), and renalase in 75 hemodialysis (HD) and 26 peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and their correlations with heart rate (HR), BP, a type of hypotensive therapy, ...
Jafri Syed H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation has been linked with cancer development, cancer cachexia and poor outcome. Advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) was developed to assess degree of systemic inflammation at the time of diagnosis in metastatic non-small cell lung (NSCLC) cancer patients. METHODS: In a single institution retrospective review 173 patients ...
Velez Edwards Digna R DR Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Institute for Medicine and Public Health, 2525 West End Ave., Suite 600 6th Floor, Nashville, TN 37203, USA. - - 2013
Progestogen has been investigated as a preventive intervention among women with increased preterm birth risk. Our objective was to systematically review the effectiveness of intramuscular (IM), vaginal, and oral progestogens for preterm birth and neonatal death prevention. We included articles published from January 1966 to January 2013 and found 27 ...
Crowder Spencer W - - 2013
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of electrically conductive, biocompatible composite scaffolds in modulating the cardiomyogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Materials & methods: Electrospun scaffolds of poly(ε-caprolactone) with or without carbon nanotubes were developed to promote the in vitro cardiac differentiation of hMSCs. Results: Results indicate that hMSC ...
Green Jonathan - - 2013
Theory and evidence suggest the potential value of prodromal intervention for infants at risk of developing autism. We report an initial case series (n = 8) of a parent-mediated, video-aided and interaction-focused intervention with infant siblings of autistic probands, beginning at 8-10 months of age. We outline the theory and evidence base behind ...
Ciccacci Cinzia - - 2013
MicroRNAs are small single-stranded molecules that have emerged as important genomic regulators in different pathways. Different studies have shown that they are implicated in the metabolism and glucose homeostasis, and therefore, they could also be involved in the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The aim ...
Siqueira Guilherme Oliveira - - 2013
Zinc sulphide was obtained through hydrothermal decomposition of [Zn(S2CNEt2)] under different experimental conditions such as temperatures and reaction times. Hydrothermal reactions were carried out in a stainless steel autoclave at 160, 180 and 200 °C for 3, 6 and 24 hours. The obtained products were characterized using X-ray diffraction, scanning ...
Lin Sandra Y SY Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. - - 2013
Allergic rhinitis affects up to 40% of the US population. To desensitize allergic individuals, subcutaneous injection immunotherapy or sublingual immunotherapy may be administered. In the United States, sublingual immunotherapy is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration. However, some US physicians use aqueous allergens, off-label, for sublingual desensitization. To ...
Khatun Mahfuza - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Research on natural products has gained a wide popularity due to the potential of discovering active compounds. The antioxidant properties contained in plants have been proposed as one of the mechanisms for the observed beneficial effect. Therefore, the present study investigated the antioxidant activity and total phenolic contents of ...
Patterson Julie V - - 2013
Patterson JV, Sandman CA, Jin Y, Kemp AS, Potkin SG, Bunney WE Jr. Gating of a novel brain potential is associated with perceptual anomalies in bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord 2013: 00: 000-000. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Objectives:  Our laboratory recently identified the P85 ...
Ryan Withers T - - 2013
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram negative, opportunistic pathogen that uses the overproduction of alginate, a surface polysaccharide, to form biofilms in vivo. Overproduction of alginate, also known as mucoidy, affords the bacterium protection from the host's defenses and facilitates the establishment of chronic lung infections in individuals with cystic fibrosis. ...
Morente-Sánchez Jaime - - 2013
Doping in sport is a well-known phenomenon that has been studied mainly from a biomedical point of view, even though psychosocial approaches are also key factors in the fight against doping. This phenomenon has evolved greatly in recent years, and greater understanding of it is essential for developing efficient prevention ...
Fukudo Masahide - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Erlotinib shows large inter-patient pharmacokinetic variability, but the impact of early drug exposure and genetic variations on the clinical outcomes of erlotinib remains fully investigated. The primary objective of this study was to clarify the population pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of erlotinib in Japanese patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The ...
Juba Melanie - - 2013
Cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMPs) represent an ancient defense mechanism against invading bacteria, with peptides such as the cathelicidins being essential elements of vertebrate innate immunity. CAMPs are typically associated with broad-spectrum antimicrobial potency and limited bacterial resistance. The cathelicidin identified from the elapid snake Naja atra (NA-CATH) contains a semi-conserved ...
Goswami A A Department of Genetics, Evolution & Environment, University College London, London, UK. - - 2013
Heterochronic changes in the rate or timing of development underpin many evolutionary transformations. In particular, the onset and rate of bone development have been the focus of many studies across large clades. In contrast, the termination of bone growth, as estimated by suture closure, has been studied far less frequently, ...
Frazer Anne Cornish - - 2013
pH-adjusted bleach was one of the agents used to disinfect contaminated public buildings in the USA following the 2001 bioterrorist attack with Bacillus anthracis spores. A USEPA fact sheet describes the preparation of pH-adjusted bleach by combining diluted sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) with a controlled amount of 5 % acetic acid. This ...
Agbaht Kemal - - 2013
Explicit data regarding the changes in adrenocortical reserves during hyperthyroidism do not exist. We aimed to document the capability (response) of adrenal gland to secrete cortisol and DHEA-S during hyperthyroidism compared to euthyroidism, and to describe factors associated with these responses. A standard-dose (0.25 mg/i.v.) ACTH stimulation test was performed to ...
Xu Helen H Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada, - - 2013
To assess retrospectively the clinical accuracy of an magnetic resonance imaging-guided robotic prostate biopsy system that has been used in the US National Cancer Institute for over 6 years. Series of 2D transverse volumetric MR image slices of the prostate both pre (high-resolution T2-weighted)- and post (low-resolution)- needle insertions were ...
Takahashi Koichi K Divison of Cancer Medicine, MD Anderson Cancer Center, The University of Texas, Houston, TX 77030-4009, - - 2013
To determine the long-term efficacy of FLT3 inhibitors (FLT3i) in the salvage setting for relapsed and refractory (rel/ref) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with FLT3 internal tandem duplication (AML FLT3-ITD), we conducted a retrospective study of 120 patients with rel/ref AML FLT3-ITD who received salvage therapy with either FLT3i-containing regimen (FLT3i ...
Cowden Jeffery M JM Janssen Research & Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, - - 2013
Antagonism of the histamine H4 receptor (H4R) has been shown to be anti-inflammatory in a number of preclinical disease models, however the exact mechanisms behind this are still being uncovered. In vitro, the receptor interacts with TLR and impacts inflammatory mediator production from a number of different cell types. Here ...
Tengstam Sven - - 2013
It is often assumed that disability reduces the marginal utility of income. In this article, individuals' marginal utility of income in two states-(i) paralyzed in both legs from birth and (ii) not mobility impaired at all-is measured through hypothetical choices between imagined lotteries behind a so-called veil of ignorance. The ...
Baltar Valéria Troncoso VT Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, University of São Paulo, Av. Dr Arnaldo, 715, São Paulo, São Paulo, CEP 01246-904, Brazil, - - 2013
The one-carbon metabolism (OCM) is considered key in maintaining DNA integrity and regulating gene expression, and may be involved in the process of carcinogenesis. Several B-vitamins and amino acids have been implicated in lung cancer risk, via the OCM directly as well as immune system activation. However it is unclear ...
Heger Tina T Department of Ecology and Ecosystem Management, Restoration Ecology, Technische Universität München (TUM), Emil-Ramann-Str. 6, 85350, Freising, Germany. - - 2013
Invasion ecology has much advanced since its early beginnings. Nevertheless, explanation, prediction, and management of biological invasions remain difficult. We argue that progress in invasion research can be accelerated by, first, pointing out difficulties this field is currently facing and, second, looking for measures to overcome them. We see basic ...
Mikesch Jan-Henrik - - 2013
High-dose chemotherapy (HDT) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is considered standard in the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory aggressive peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL). However, the optimal salvage regimen before ASCT has not yet been established. We retrospectively analyzed 31 patients with relapsed or refractory aggressive ...
Mohr Zarah - - 2013
Background: Only the exact pretherapeutical, histopathological diagnosis of non-distinctive soft tissue tumours leads to adequate therapy. Next to the standardized incisional biopsy, current needle biopsy techniques are limited by the small size of the tissue samples and error rate. This study was performed to explore whether the ultrasound-guidance can support ...
Qualls Whitney A - - 2013
The international trade of lucky bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana [Asparagaceae]) is responsible for certain introductions of the exotic species Aedes albopictus (Skuse) in California and the Netherlands. Understanding the association of this species with lucky bamboo and other ornamental plants is important from a public health standpoint. The aim of this ...
Harsch Michael J - - 2013
Two volatile thiols, 3-mercaptohexan-1-ol (3MH) and 3-mercaptohexyl-acetate (3MHA), are key aroma impact compounds in many young white wines, especially of the variety Sauvignon Blanc. Although great effort has been invested to identify their precursors in recent years, the origin of the majority of 3MH and 3MHA generated during wine fermentation ...
Patzelt Alexa - - 2013
The optimization of drug delivery to and via the hair follicles is gaining more and more importance as it has been recognized that the hair follicles are an interesting target site for topical applications. They are closely surrounded by capillaries and antigen-presenting cells, are associated with the sebaceous glands and ...
Snyder Claire F - - 2013
PURPOSE: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are used increasingly for individual patient management. Identifying which PRO scores require a clinician's attention is an ongoing challenge. Previous research used a needs assessment to identify EORTC-QLQ-C30 cutoff scores representing unmet needs. This analysis attempted to replicate the previous findings in a new and larger ...
Virta Jyri J - - 2013
Cardiovascular risk factors increase the risk of dementia in later life. The aims of the current study were to assess the effect of multiple midlife cardiovascular risk factors on the risk of cognitive impairment in later life, and to assess the validity of the previously suggested CAIDE Study risk score ...
Valdes-Sánchez Teresa - - 2013
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a cause of paralysis. Although some strategies have been proposed to palliate the severity of this condition, so far no effective therapies have been found to reverse it. Recently, we have shown that acute transplantation of ependymal stem/progenitor cells (epSPCs), which are spinal cord-derived neural ...
Jadhav Ashok B - - 2013
Catharanthine is a constituent of anticancer vinca alkaloids. Its cardiovascular effects have not been investigated. This study compares the in vivo hemodynamic as well as in vitro effects of catharanthine on isolated blood vessels, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and cardiomyocytes. Intravenous administration of catharanthine (0.5-20mg/kg) to anaesthetised rats induced ...
Connor Bradley A - - 2013
As a rule, travelers' diarrhea is a self-limited bacterial infection that affects approximately 40 % of travelers to developing countries. Health-care professionals who see returning travelers have noted that some travelers afflicted with diarrhea do not recover completely but, instead, develop chronic diarrhea or a persistent change in gastrointestinal function. ...
Ferreira A V - - 2013
Candida albicans and, more recently, non-C. albicans Candida spp. are considered the most frequent fungi in hospitals. This study analyzed Candida spp. isolates and compared the frequency of different species, that is, C. albicans and non-C. albicans Candida spp., and the origins of isolates, that is, from hospital environments or ...
Kumar Muthukannan Satheesh - - 2013
This investigation examined the efficiency of Dolichospermum flos-aquae NTMS07 in the removal of Cr(VI) from exposure water at various concentrations (2.5, 5, 7.5, 10 mg/L) over different time intervals of contact (1-5 days). Chromium removal was maximum at 2.5 mg/L, and decreased with increased concentration. The responses of the antioxidative enzymes superoxide dismutase ...
Ide Yusuke - - 2013
TiO2 ternary-modified with Fe(3+), Ni(2+), and Au nanoparticles exhibited a noticeable photocatalytic activity for selective cyclohexane oxidation with O2 under sunlight irradiation.
Matthews Jonathan C F - - 2013
Quantum mechanics defines two classes of particles-bosons and fermions-whose exchange statistics fundamentally dictate quantum dynamics. Here we develop a scheme that uses entanglement to directly observe the correlated detection statistics of any number of fermions in any physical process. This approach relies on sending each of the entangled particles through ...
Luo Chunyan - - 2013
The proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 (PRRT2) gene has been recently identified as a causative gene of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD), with an insertion mutation c.649_650insC (p.P217fsX7) reported as the most common mutation. However, the pathogenic mechanism of the mutation of PRRT2 remains largely unknown. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging is ...
Wanichnopparat Wachiraporn - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Thousands of intragenic long interspersed element 1 sequences (LINE-1 elements or L1s) reside within genes. These intragenic L1 sequences are conserved and regulate the expression of their host genes. When L1 methylation is decreased, either through chemical induction or in cancer, the intragenic L1 transcription is increased. The resulting ...
Vermeirssen Etiënne L M - - 2013
The Chemcatcher passive sampler, which uses Empore™ disks as sampling phase, is frequently used to monitor polar organic chemicals in river water and effluents. Uptake kinetics need to be quantified to calculate time-weighted average concentrations from Chemcatcher field deployments. Information on release kinetics is needed if performance reference compounds (PRCs) ...
Oerlemans Anoek M - - 2013
Cognitive research proposes that social cognition (SC), executive functions (EF) and local processing style (weak CC) may be fruitful areas for research into the familial-genetic underpinnings of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The performance of 140 children with ASD, 172 siblings and 127 controls on tasks measuring SC (face recognition, affective ...
Wayhs Carlos Alberto Yasin - - 2013
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects on insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. It has recently become clear that the central nervous system is not spared from the deleterious effects of diabetes, since diabetic encephalopathy was recognized as a complication of this heterogeneous metabolic disorder. There is ...
Kucharska-Pietura Katarzyna - - 2013
Social cognition is described as the higher mental processes that are engaged while people store, process, and use social information to make sense of themselves and others. Aspects of social cognition include emotion perception, social cue interpretation, attribution style, and theory of mind, all of which appear disordered in schizophrenia. ...
Abbasi Ibrahim - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is a disseminated protozoan infection caused by Leishmania donovani parasites which affects almost half a million persons annually. Most of these are from the Indian sub-continent, East Africa and Brazil. Our study was designed to elucidate the role of symptomatic and asymptomatic Leishmania donovani infected persons ...
Dethlefsen Christine - - 2013
Chronic low-grade inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of several cancer forms including breast cancer. The pleiotropic cytokine IL-6 is a key player in systemic inflammation, regulating both the inflammatory response and tissue metabolism during acute stimulations. Here, we review the associations between IL-6 and breast cancer ranging ...
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