Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3209
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Bretscher Anthony - - 2013
Scientific communication, career advancement, and funding decisions are all dependent on research publications. The way manuscripts are handled by high-visibility, professionally edited magazines differs from the way academic journals evaluate manuscripts, using active scientists as monitoring editors. In this essay, I discuss the benefits that come with the involvement of ...
Jain Siddharth S SEPT: South Essex Partnership - - 2013
Melatonin is widely used for sleep disorders in patients with a range of developmental disorders and neurodisabilities, who also frequently have epilepsy. The aim of our review was to examine published data to assess the evidence for melatonin affecting seizure control. The literature search revealed 26 papers apparently reporting an ...
Yan Yan Y Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117543, - - 2013
We synthesized complexes of Ni(II) with dithiocarbamate ligands derived from the ortho and para isomers of sulforhodamine B fluorophores and demonstrated they are highly selective in reactions with nitrogen dioxide (NO2). Compared with the para isomer, the ortho isomer showed a much greater fluorescence increase upon reaction with NO2, which ...
Yan Xiaowen - - 2013
Much progress has been made in identification of the proteins in proteomes, and quantification of these proteins has attracted much interest. In addition to popular tandem mass spectrometric methods based on soft ionization, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS), a typical example of mass spectrometry based on hard ionization, usually ...
Kodama Akio - - 2013
For vascular occlusive disease, an autologous vein graft is the most suitable conduit for arterial reconstruction. Intimal hyperplasia, resulting from the migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells, is a major obstacle to patency after vein grafting. The degree to which the function of nitric oxide (NO) in the ...
Nogueira Célia - - 2013
Complex III of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (CIII) catalyzes transfer of electrons from reduced coenzyme Q to cytochrome c. Low biochemical activity of CIII is not a frequent etiology in disorders of oxidative metabolism and is genetically heterogeneous. Recently, mutations in the human tetratricopeptide 19 gene (TTC19) have been involved ...
Mailloux Geneviève - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Binge eating (BE) has long been identified as a correlate of overweight and obesity. However, less empirical attention has been given to overeating with and without loss of control (LOC) in nonclinical samples. PURPOSE: The goal of the present study was to examine the association of (1) established correlates ...
Salman Kadhim N - - 2013
Copper (Cu) metabolism is altered in rats fed diets high in molybdenum (Mo) and low in Cu. This 10-week study was carried out to examine the effects of supplemental Mo (7.5-240 μg/g diet) on male Sprague-Dawley rats fed diets adequate in Cu (5 μg/g diet) and to determine the susceptibility of Mo-treated ...
Galatius Anders - - 2013
Profiles of seven compounds of perfluoro-alkyl substances (PFASs) were compared among three species of top predators from the Danish North Sea: the white-beaked dolphin (Lagenorhynchus albirostris), the harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), and the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). The seals had higher total burdens (757.8 ng g(-1) ww) than the dolphins (439.9 ng g(-1) ww) ...
Parvathi Ammini - - 2013
Microbes play a central role in the decomposition and remineralization of organic matter and recycling of nutrients in aquatic environments. In this study, we examined the influence of physical, chemical, and biological parameters on the rate of bacterial production (BP) and viral production (VP) with respect to primary production over ...
Winter I - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of onychomycosis is rising worldwide. Before starting antifungal treatment, an exact mycological diagnosis should be obtained. The current laboratory diagnosis of dermatomycoses is based on the detection of the causative agent by microscopy and culture. These conventional diagnostic methods for fungal infections often are not the best ...
Lee Sunggun - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between radiographic knee osteoarthritis and vertebral fractures (VFs) in an Asian population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved data from 1,829 participants of the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Radiographic knee osteoarthritis was defined as Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grades ≥2. Prevalent ...
Zouboulis C C - - 2013
Acne is the most common skin disease worldwide. Choosing the appropriate therapeutic regimens for the clinically diversified disease phenotypes require good knowledge of its pathophysiology. New concepts in this field have been developed in the last 15 years. Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disorder in which androgens, PPAR ligands, regulating ...
da Costa Leonardo Moreira - - 2013
The affinity of the pentaaqua Mg(2+) cation for a set of para-substituted imino [HN = CHC6H4(R)] and thiocarbonyl [S = CHC6H4(R)] ligands (R = H, F, Cl, Br, OH, OCH3, CH3, CN, NH2 and NO2) was analyzed with DFT (B3LYP/6-31+G(d)) and semi-empirical (PM6-DH2) methods. The interaction enthalpy was calculated to quantify the affinity of the Mg(2+) ...
Zaoui K - - 2013
Surgical tumor removal is often the treatment of choice in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Depending on the extent of tumor resection, large defects are often produced in the individual head and neck regions, necessitating reconstructive surgery to avoid further functional impairment. In principle, this decision depends ...
Kluth L A - - 2013
The number needed to treat (NNT) is a useful way for clinicans to describe the benefit or harm of a treatment as well as the costs involved. When interpreting the NNT it is essential to use the NNT in a clinically equivalent and appropriate setting. When evaluating the consequences of ...
Anton Alexandra - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to compare the measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) through a therapeutic soft contact lens with the "native" measurement. We additionally investigate whether a rebound tonometer (RT) or non-contact tonometer (NCT) is more suitable to measure IOP through a bandage contact lens. METHODS: ...
Karampelas Michael - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic panuveitis is a diagnosis of exclusion that lacks distinguishing features on fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography. Choroidal hypoperfusion or ischaemia has been implicated in panuveitis of different aetiologies. In this study, we use enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (OCT) to examine the choroid and its vasculature in ...
Branković Ana S - - 2013
Previous studies have shown correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at 8q24 and prostate cancer (PCa) risk. This study aimed to evaluate possible association between genotypes and alleles of 8q24 polymorphisms (rs1447295, rs4242382, rs6983267, rs7017300, and rs7837688) and PCa risk and progression. 150 patients with PCa, 150 patients with benign ...
Hapeshi E - - 2013
The capability of a moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) to remove the iodinated contrast media (ICM) iohexol (IOX) and diatrizoate (DTZ) from municipal wastewater was studied. A selected number of clones of microorganisms present in the biofilm were identified. Biotransformation products were tentatively identified and the toxicity of the treated ...
Worthington Roberta J RJ Department of Chemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, United - - 2013
β-Lactam antibiotics are one of the most important antibiotic classes but are plagued by problems of resistance, and the development of new β-lactam antibiotics through side-chain modification of existing β-lactam classes is not keeping pace with resistance development. In this JOCSynopsis, we summarize small molecule strategies to overcome resistance to ...
Liao Weixiong W Department of Orthopaedics, General Hospital of PLA, No. 28 Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2013
We conducted a proteomic analysis of synovial fluid (SF) to identify differentially expressed proteins and analyse their correlation with osteoarthritis (OA) severity. Our primary purpose was to gain insight into the pathogenesis of OA. SF samples were acquired from 12 knee OA patients and 12 non-OA controls (ten had a ...
Palm Henrik H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2013
Hip fracture treatment is controversial, with high complication rates. An algorithm for hip fracture surgery has shown reduced reoperation rates, but choice of implant is based on the commonly used fracture classifications, which were previously evaluated to be unreliable. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of ...
Chaouloff Francis - - 2013
Interest has recently surged in the use of social stress models, especially social defeat. Such interest lies both in the recognition that stressors of social origin play a major role in human psychopathologies and in the acknowledgement that natural and hence ethologically-based stress models have important translational value. The use ...
Ni Min - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate the contribution of serum calreticulin (CRT) in the assessment of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Serum CRT levels were measured by ELISA in 70 patients with established RA, 30 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 25 other autoimmune diseases, 20 osteoarthritis ...
Hou Lei - - 2013
Combining Co2 clusters with mixed H2bpdc and H2bpz ligands creates an unprecedented 3-fold interpenetrated 5-connected porous framework, which possesses the fascinating double-walled nanotubes structure assembled from nonuple and triple helices, and exhibits gas sorption properties.
Connolly Gregory - - 2013
The recent introduction of new oral anticoagulants or novel target specific oral anticoagulants (TSOA's) is likely to have a major impact in the years ahead. Many large clinical trials have been published in the past few years showing these agents are generally safe and effective in several clinical settings including ...
Milhinhos Ana - - 2013
Xylem provides long-distance transport of water and nutrients as well as structural support in plants. The development of the xylem tissues is modulated by several internal signals. In the last decades, the bloom of genetic and genomic tools has led to increased understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the function ...
Tokito Takaaki - - 2013
PURPOSE: Skeletal-related events (SREs) negatively affect the quality of life of patients with cancer. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-targeted therapy is effective against bone metastasis in animal models, but the clinical efficacy of anti-VEGFR inhibitors against bone metastases remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of chemotherapy ...
Jadhav Ashok B - - 2013
Catharanthine is a constituent of anticancer vinca alkaloids. Its cardiovascular effects have not been investigated. This study compares the in vivo hemodynamic as well as in vitro effects of catharanthine on isolated blood vessels, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and cardiomyocytes. Intravenous administration of catharanthine (0.5-20mg/kg) to anaesthetised rats induced ...
Connor Bradley A - - 2013
As a rule, travelers' diarrhea is a self-limited bacterial infection that affects approximately 40 % of travelers to developing countries. Health-care professionals who see returning travelers have noted that some travelers afflicted with diarrhea do not recover completely but, instead, develop chronic diarrhea or a persistent change in gastrointestinal function. ...
Ferreira A V - - 2013
Candida albicans and, more recently, non-C. albicans Candida spp. are considered the most frequent fungi in hospitals. This study analyzed Candida spp. isolates and compared the frequency of different species, that is, C. albicans and non-C. albicans Candida spp., and the origins of isolates, that is, from hospital environments or ...
Kumar Muthukannan Satheesh - - 2013
This investigation examined the efficiency of Dolichospermum flos-aquae NTMS07 in the removal of Cr(VI) from exposure water at various concentrations (2.5, 5, 7.5, 10 mg/L) over different time intervals of contact (1-5 days). Chromium removal was maximum at 2.5 mg/L, and decreased with increased concentration. The responses of the antioxidative enzymes superoxide dismutase ...
Ide Yusuke - - 2013
TiO2 ternary-modified with Fe(3+), Ni(2+), and Au nanoparticles exhibited a noticeable photocatalytic activity for selective cyclohexane oxidation with O2 under sunlight irradiation.
Grassi Mariangela - - 2013
In the last years, a lot of emerging contaminants, such as, endocrine disruptors compounds (EDCs), pharmaceuticals, and personal care products (PPCPs) have been detected in wastewater. Because of their toxicity and possible adverse effects on the environment and humans, their release from urban wastewater treatment plants (UWWTPs) effluents should be ...
Clément Pierre - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Oxytocin (OT) plays a major role in the control of male sexual responses. Notably, blockade of OT receptors has been reported to inhibit ejaculation in animals. The study aimed to investigate the action of a highly selective, non-peptide OT antagonist GSK557296 in a model of pharmacologically-induced ejaculation ...
Lentine Krista L - - 2013
The growth in living kidney donation has been accompanied by greater racial diversity. Most information on post-donation health comes from single-center studies of dominantly Caucasian cohorts. Recent linkage of U.S. donor registration data with death records demonstrated higher mortality risks among African American donors, but importantly, no differences in death ...
Attaway A - - 2013
While the most common presentation of actinomycosis is cervicofacial disease, or "lumpy jaw syndrome," Actinomyces meyeri has a predilection for pulmonary disease as well as dissemination to distant organs. We describe a 61-year-old Caucasian male with a relapsing-remitting mandibular sinus tract who would go on to develop weight loss, dyspnea, ...
Schuchard Julia - - 2013
Implicit learning is a process of acquiring knowledge that occurs without conscious awareness of learning, whereas explicit learning involves the use of overt strategies. To date, research related to implicit learning following stroke has been largely restricted to the motor domain and has rarely addressed implications for language. The present ...
Hanna Ramez - - 2013
Peripheral neurolymphomatosis is a rare manifestation of advanced lymphoproliferative disorders. It is often associated with B cell lymphomas and rarely with cutaneous T cell lymphomas, such as mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome. In this case report, we present a 78-year-old male with a long-standing history of mycosis fungoides. The patient ...
Ujszaszi Akos - - 2013
Red cell distribution width (RDW), a measure of heterogeneity in the size of circulating erythrocytes, reportedly predicts mortality. Similarly to RDW, impaired renal function is also associated with inflammation and protein-energy wasting. This study assessed if renal function is associated with RDW independent of relevant confounders in stable kidney transplant ...
Ast Tslil - - 2013
Abstract Translocation into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the first biogenesis step for hundreds of eukaryotic secretome proteins. Over the past 30 years, groundbreaking biochemical, structural and genetic studies have delineated one conserved pathway that enables ER translocation- the signal recognition particle (SRP) pathway. However, it is clear that this ...
Kim Sae-Mi - - 2013
Magnesium and its alloys are candidate materials for biodegradable implants; however, excessively rapid corrosion behavior restricts their practical uses in biological systems. For such applications, surface modification is essential, and the use of anticorrosion coatings is considered as a promising avenue. In this study, we coated Mg with hydroxyapatite (HA) ...
Sweetlove Lee J - - 2013
Respiration is a major contributor to net exchange of CO2 between plants and the atmosphere and thus an important aspect of the vegetation component of global climate change models. However, a mechanistic model of respiration is lacking and so here we explore the potential for flux balance analysis (FBA) to ...
Ze Yuguan - - 2013
Titanium dioxide nanoparticules (TiO2 NPs) are widely used in toothpastes, sunscreens and products for cosmetic purpose that the human employ daily. While the neurotoxicity induced by TiO2 NPs has been demonstrated, very little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying the brain cognition and behavioral injury. In this study, mice ...
Telzer Eva H - - 2013
Adolescent substance use is one of today's most important social concerns, with Latino youth exhibiting the highest overall rates of substance use. Recognizing the particular importance of family connection and support for families from Mexican backgrounds, the current study seeks to examine how family obligation values and family assistance behaviors ...
Li Shan - - 2013
To investigate the role of miR-215 in the relapse following radical surgery of colorectal cancer patients. The clinical data and surgical frozen tumor tissues were retrospectively collected from 125 stage II/III colorectal cancer patients, which contained 60 patients who relapsed and 65 patients who did not relapse within 3 years after ...
Deneo-Pellegrini Hugo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between nutrient-based dietary patterns and squamous cell cancers of the head and neck. METHODS: We used a case-control study which included 548 cases and 548 controls. From these participants, we derived 23 nutrients and they were then submitted to ...
Salgado-Maldonado Guillermo - - 2013
A redescription of Neoechinorhynchus (Neoechinorhynchus) golvani Salgado-Maldonado (An Inst Biol Univ Nal Autón Méx, Ser Zool 49:35-47, 1978) is presented, based on adult specimens collected from the type host Paraneetroplus fenestratus from the type location, the Lago de Catemaco lake, Veracruz state, Mexico, and its presence is recorded in other ...
Yang Miao - - 2013
A new chiral copper borophosphate, LiCu2[BP2O8(OH)2] (), was crystallized from achiral inorganic raw materials in boric acid flux reaction. The structure features a 9-ring channel enclosed by triple right-handed helices. The bulk sample exhibits optical activity confirmed by circular dichroism (CD) spectra, indicating an interesting spontaneous resolution phenomenon.
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