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Results 201 - 250 of 3209
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Palm Henrik H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2013
Hip fracture treatment is controversial, with high complication rates. An algorithm for hip fracture surgery has shown reduced reoperation rates, but choice of implant is based on the commonly used fracture classifications, which were previously evaluated to be unreliable. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of ...
Chaouloff Francis - - 2013
Interest has recently surged in the use of social stress models, especially social defeat. Such interest lies both in the recognition that stressors of social origin play a major role in human psychopathologies and in the acknowledgement that natural and hence ethologically-based stress models have important translational value. The use ...
Ni Min - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate the contribution of serum calreticulin (CRT) in the assessment of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Serum CRT levels were measured by ELISA in 70 patients with established RA, 30 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 25 other autoimmune diseases, 20 osteoarthritis ...
Hou Lei - - 2013
Combining Co2 clusters with mixed H2bpdc and H2bpz ligands creates an unprecedented 3-fold interpenetrated 5-connected porous framework, which possesses the fascinating double-walled nanotubes structure assembled from nonuple and triple helices, and exhibits gas sorption properties.
Connolly Gregory - - 2013
The recent introduction of new oral anticoagulants or novel target specific oral anticoagulants (TSOA's) is likely to have a major impact in the years ahead. Many large clinical trials have been published in the past few years showing these agents are generally safe and effective in several clinical settings including ...
Milhinhos Ana - - 2013
Xylem provides long-distance transport of water and nutrients as well as structural support in plants. The development of the xylem tissues is modulated by several internal signals. In the last decades, the bloom of genetic and genomic tools has led to increased understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the function ...
Tokito Takaaki - - 2013
PURPOSE: Skeletal-related events (SREs) negatively affect the quality of life of patients with cancer. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-targeted therapy is effective against bone metastasis in animal models, but the clinical efficacy of anti-VEGFR inhibitors against bone metastases remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of chemotherapy ...
Jadhav Ashok B - - 2013
Catharanthine is a constituent of anticancer vinca alkaloids. Its cardiovascular effects have not been investigated. This study compares the in vivo hemodynamic as well as in vitro effects of catharanthine on isolated blood vessels, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and cardiomyocytes. Intravenous administration of catharanthine (0.5-20mg/kg) to anaesthetised rats induced ...
Connor Bradley A - - 2013
As a rule, travelers' diarrhea is a self-limited bacterial infection that affects approximately 40 % of travelers to developing countries. Health-care professionals who see returning travelers have noted that some travelers afflicted with diarrhea do not recover completely but, instead, develop chronic diarrhea or a persistent change in gastrointestinal function. ...
Ferreira A V - - 2013
Candida albicans and, more recently, non-C. albicans Candida spp. are considered the most frequent fungi in hospitals. This study analyzed Candida spp. isolates and compared the frequency of different species, that is, C. albicans and non-C. albicans Candida spp., and the origins of isolates, that is, from hospital environments or ...
Kumar Muthukannan Satheesh - - 2013
This investigation examined the efficiency of Dolichospermum flos-aquae NTMS07 in the removal of Cr(VI) from exposure water at various concentrations (2.5, 5, 7.5, 10 mg/L) over different time intervals of contact (1-5 days). Chromium removal was maximum at 2.5 mg/L, and decreased with increased concentration. The responses of the antioxidative enzymes superoxide dismutase ...
Ide Yusuke - - 2013
TiO2 ternary-modified with Fe(3+), Ni(2+), and Au nanoparticles exhibited a noticeable photocatalytic activity for selective cyclohexane oxidation with O2 under sunlight irradiation.
Grassi Mariangela - - 2013
In the last years, a lot of emerging contaminants, such as, endocrine disruptors compounds (EDCs), pharmaceuticals, and personal care products (PPCPs) have been detected in wastewater. Because of their toxicity and possible adverse effects on the environment and humans, their release from urban wastewater treatment plants (UWWTPs) effluents should be ...
Clément Pierre - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Oxytocin (OT) plays a major role in the control of male sexual responses. Notably, blockade of OT receptors has been reported to inhibit ejaculation in animals. The study aimed to investigate the action of a highly selective, non-peptide OT antagonist GSK557296 in a model of pharmacologically-induced ejaculation ...
Lentine Krista L - - 2013
The growth in living kidney donation has been accompanied by greater racial diversity. Most information on post-donation health comes from single-center studies of dominantly Caucasian cohorts. Recent linkage of U.S. donor registration data with death records demonstrated higher mortality risks among African American donors, but importantly, no differences in death ...
Attaway A - - 2013
While the most common presentation of actinomycosis is cervicofacial disease, or "lumpy jaw syndrome," Actinomyces meyeri has a predilection for pulmonary disease as well as dissemination to distant organs. We describe a 61-year-old Caucasian male with a relapsing-remitting mandibular sinus tract who would go on to develop weight loss, dyspnea, ...
Schuchard Julia - - 2013
Implicit learning is a process of acquiring knowledge that occurs without conscious awareness of learning, whereas explicit learning involves the use of overt strategies. To date, research related to implicit learning following stroke has been largely restricted to the motor domain and has rarely addressed implications for language. The present ...
Hanna Ramez - - 2013
Peripheral neurolymphomatosis is a rare manifestation of advanced lymphoproliferative disorders. It is often associated with B cell lymphomas and rarely with cutaneous T cell lymphomas, such as mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome. In this case report, we present a 78-year-old male with a long-standing history of mycosis fungoides. The patient ...
Ujszaszi Akos - - 2013
Red cell distribution width (RDW), a measure of heterogeneity in the size of circulating erythrocytes, reportedly predicts mortality. Similarly to RDW, impaired renal function is also associated with inflammation and protein-energy wasting. This study assessed if renal function is associated with RDW independent of relevant confounders in stable kidney transplant ...
Ast Tslil - - 2013
Abstract Translocation into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the first biogenesis step for hundreds of eukaryotic secretome proteins. Over the past 30 years, groundbreaking biochemical, structural and genetic studies have delineated one conserved pathway that enables ER translocation- the signal recognition particle (SRP) pathway. However, it is clear that this ...
Kim Sae-Mi - - 2013
Magnesium and its alloys are candidate materials for biodegradable implants; however, excessively rapid corrosion behavior restricts their practical uses in biological systems. For such applications, surface modification is essential, and the use of anticorrosion coatings is considered as a promising avenue. In this study, we coated Mg with hydroxyapatite (HA) ...
Sweetlove Lee J - - 2013
Respiration is a major contributor to net exchange of CO2 between plants and the atmosphere and thus an important aspect of the vegetation component of global climate change models. However, a mechanistic model of respiration is lacking and so here we explore the potential for flux balance analysis (FBA) to ...
Ze Yuguan - - 2013
Titanium dioxide nanoparticules (TiO2 NPs) are widely used in toothpastes, sunscreens and products for cosmetic purpose that the human employ daily. While the neurotoxicity induced by TiO2 NPs has been demonstrated, very little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying the brain cognition and behavioral injury. In this study, mice ...
Telzer Eva H - - 2013
Adolescent substance use is one of today's most important social concerns, with Latino youth exhibiting the highest overall rates of substance use. Recognizing the particular importance of family connection and support for families from Mexican backgrounds, the current study seeks to examine how family obligation values and family assistance behaviors ...
Li Shan - - 2013
To investigate the role of miR-215 in the relapse following radical surgery of colorectal cancer patients. The clinical data and surgical frozen tumor tissues were retrospectively collected from 125 stage II/III colorectal cancer patients, which contained 60 patients who relapsed and 65 patients who did not relapse within 3 years after ...
Deneo-Pellegrini Hugo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between nutrient-based dietary patterns and squamous cell cancers of the head and neck. METHODS: We used a case-control study which included 548 cases and 548 controls. From these participants, we derived 23 nutrients and they were then submitted to ...
Salgado-Maldonado Guillermo - - 2013
A redescription of Neoechinorhynchus (Neoechinorhynchus) golvani Salgado-Maldonado (An Inst Biol Univ Nal Autón Méx, Ser Zool 49:35-47, 1978) is presented, based on adult specimens collected from the type host Paraneetroplus fenestratus from the type location, the Lago de Catemaco lake, Veracruz state, Mexico, and its presence is recorded in other ...
Yang Miao - - 2013
A new chiral copper borophosphate, LiCu2[BP2O8(OH)2] (), was crystallized from achiral inorganic raw materials in boric acid flux reaction. The structure features a 9-ring channel enclosed by triple right-handed helices. The bulk sample exhibits optical activity confirmed by circular dichroism (CD) spectra, indicating an interesting spontaneous resolution phenomenon.
Huppelschoten Aleida G - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of subcutaneous tissue closing and the effect of two different skin closure methods at cesarean section on long-term cosmetic results. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A large teaching hospital in the Netherlands. POPULATION: Women undergoing a cesarean section. METHODS: Women undergoing a cesarean section were ...
Abdolahpur Monikh Fazel - - 2013
The concentration of heavy metals was determined in tissues of sole (Euryglossa orientalis), mullet (Liza abu) and croacker fish (Johnius belangerii) from Musa estuary. Generally, the highest concentration of the studied metals in the three species was found in the liver tissue. The levels of Cd and Cu in fish ...
Sohal Davendra P S - - 2013
PURPOSE: Platinum compounds or bevacizumab, in combination with gemcitabine, achieved good response rates in early studies in advanced pancreatic cancer. This prompted an evaluation of an aggressive approach to allow better local control and resectability in locally advanced disease. METHODS: We piloted a combination of gemcitabine/oxaliplatin/bevacizumab Q2w for four cycles, ...
Baeva Larissa F - - 2013
This study examined the effect of HA molecular weight on immune response. HA with molecular weights ranging from the unitary disaccharide unit (400 Dalton) up to 1.7x10(6) Dalton and with very low endotoxin contamination level (less than 0.03 EU/mg) was used. Primary human monocyte/macrophage cultures were assayed for IL-1β production ...
Reulbach Udo - - 2013
AIM: To explore the association between weight and bullying; considering victims and perpetrators as two aspects of bullying, and subjective perception and objective measurement as two aspects of weight. METHODS: This study is based on the first wave of data collection from Growing Up in Ireland - the National Longitudinal ...
Arjona-Sanchez Alvaro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare disease with an incidence rate of approximately 1 per million a year. During the past few years, there has been a survival benefit for these patients treated by complete cytoreduction and perioperative chemotherapy. Better survival rates were found in the adenomucinosis group than ...
Mohr Zarah - - 2013
Background: Only the exact pretherapeutical, histopathological diagnosis of non-distinctive soft tissue tumours leads to adequate therapy. Next to the standardized incisional biopsy, current needle biopsy techniques are limited by the small size of the tissue samples and error rate. This study was performed to explore whether the ultrasound-guidance can support ...
Qualls Whitney A - - 2013
The international trade of lucky bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana [Asparagaceae]) is responsible for certain introductions of the exotic species Aedes albopictus (Skuse) in California and the Netherlands. Understanding the association of this species with lucky bamboo and other ornamental plants is important from a public health standpoint. The aim of this ...
Harsch Michael J - - 2013
Two volatile thiols, 3-mercaptohexan-1-ol (3MH) and 3-mercaptohexyl-acetate (3MHA), are key aroma impact compounds in many young white wines, especially of the variety Sauvignon Blanc. Although great effort has been invested to identify their precursors in recent years, the origin of the majority of 3MH and 3MHA generated during wine fermentation ...
Snyder Claire F - - 2013
PURPOSE: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are used increasingly for individual patient management. Identifying which PRO scores require a clinician's attention is an ongoing challenge. Previous research used a needs assessment to identify EORTC-QLQ-C30 cutoff scores representing unmet needs. This analysis attempted to replicate the previous findings in a new and larger ...
Virta Jyri J - - 2013
Cardiovascular risk factors increase the risk of dementia in later life. The aims of the current study were to assess the effect of multiple midlife cardiovascular risk factors on the risk of cognitive impairment in later life, and to assess the validity of the previously suggested CAIDE Study risk score ...
Valdes-Sánchez Teresa - - 2013
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a cause of paralysis. Although some strategies have been proposed to palliate the severity of this condition, so far no effective therapies have been found to reverse it. Recently, we have shown that acute transplantation of ependymal stem/progenitor cells (epSPCs), which are spinal cord-derived neural ...
Diaz-Ledezma Claudio - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Currently, three surgical approaches are available for the treatment of cam femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), namely surgical hip dislocation (SHD), hip arthroscopy (HA), and the miniopen anterior approach of the hip (MO). Although previous systematic reviews have compared these different approaches, an overall assessment of their performance is not available. ...
Khatun Mahfuza - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Research on natural products has gained a wide popularity due to the potential of discovering active compounds. The antioxidant properties contained in plants have been proposed as one of the mechanisms for the observed beneficial effect. Therefore, the present study investigated the antioxidant activity and total phenolic contents of ...
Patterson Julie V - - 2013
Patterson JV, Sandman CA, Jin Y, Kemp AS, Potkin SG, Bunney WE Jr. Gating of a novel brain potential is associated with perceptual anomalies in bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord 2013: 00: 000-000. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Objectives:  Our laboratory recently identified the P85 ...
Morente-Sánchez Jaime - - 2013
Doping in sport is a well-known phenomenon that has been studied mainly from a biomedical point of view, even though psychosocial approaches are also key factors in the fight against doping. This phenomenon has evolved greatly in recent years, and greater understanding of it is essential for developing efficient prevention ...
Fukudo Masahide - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Erlotinib shows large inter-patient pharmacokinetic variability, but the impact of early drug exposure and genetic variations on the clinical outcomes of erlotinib remains fully investigated. The primary objective of this study was to clarify the population pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of erlotinib in Japanese patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The ...
Altenburg Josje - - 2013
Macrolide antibiotics have been shown beneficial in cystic fibrosis (CF) and diffuse panbronchiolitis, and earlier findings also suggest a benefit in non-CF bronchiectasis. To determine the efficacy of macrolide maintenance treatment for adults with non-CF bronchiectasis. The BAT (Bronchiectasis and Long-term Azithromycin Treatment) study, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted ...
McGee Richard G - - 2013
AIM: Systematic reviews have the potential to map those areas where children are under-represented in surgical research. We aimed to describe and evaluate the quantity, coverage and the quality of conduct and reporting of systematic reviews of surgical procedures in children. METHODS: We searched four biomedical databases, a systematic review ...
Arampatzis Spyridon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Diuretics are among the most commonly prescribed medications and, due to their mechanisms of action, electrolyte disorders are common side effects of their use. In the present work we investigated the associations between diuretics being taken and the prevalence of electrolyte disorders on admission as well as the impact ...
Xin Bingjing - - 2013
A copper(i) halide-based compound with a formula of [Cu4I3(DABCO)2]I3 (DABCO = N,N'-dimethyl-1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane) has been prepared by solvothermal reactions. This compound has been characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, IR, TG, XPS and powder X-ray diffractions. Structure analyses reveal that this compound is constructed by unprecedented cationic cluster [Cu8I6](2+) and ...
de Rooij J D E - - 2013
Cytogenetic abnormalities and early response to treatment are the main prognostic factors in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Recently, NUP98/NSD1, a cytogenetically cryptic fusion, was described as recurrent event in AML, characterized by dismal prognosis and HOXA/B-gene overexpression. Using split-signal FISH, other NUP98-rearranged pediatric AML cases were identified, including several acute ...
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