Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 3226
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Brooks Christine - - 2013
: The objective of this study was to compare the differences in lipid loss from 24 samples of banked donor human milk (DHM) among 3 feeding methods: DHM given by syringe pump over 1 hour, 2 hours, and by bolus/gravity gavage. : Comparative, descriptive. There were no human subjects. : ...
Williamson Martyn - - 2013
Background: This article describes a simulated General Practice clinic for medical students, which incorporates specific features to aid learning of clinical problem solving. Description: We outline the overall objectives of the simulation, explain the concept, and describe how the clinic works. The clinic is novel in that it utilises clinical ...
Threatt Jennifer J East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, - - 2013
An estimated 25.8 million children and adults in the United States, approximately 8.3% of the population, have diabetes. Diabetes prevalence varies by race and ethnicity. African Americans have the highest prevalence (12.6%), followed closely by Hispanics (11.8%), Asian Americans (8.4%) and whites (7.1%). The purpose of this article was to ...
Blatter - - 2013
In April 2008 a Franches-Montagnes colt was born with an unusual coat colour phenotype which had never been observed in that population before. The foal showed extended white markings on body and legs, a white head and blue eyes. As both parents have an unremarkable bay coat colour phenotype, a ...
Kim Woong - - 2013
Objective-To investigate histomorphometric changes in the cartilage and subchondral bone of the third carpal bone associated with conditioning exercise in young Thoroughbreds. Animals-Nine 18-month-old Thoroughbreds. Procedures-Both third carpal bones of 9 horses (4 exercised spontaneously at pasture only and 5 given additional conditioning exercise beginning at a mean age of ...
Momose-Sato Yoko - - 2013
Spontaneous embryonic movements, called embryonic motility, are produced by correlated spontaneous activity in the cranial and spinal nerves, which is driven by brainstem and spinal networks. Using optical imaging with a voltage-sensitive dye, we revealed previously in the chick and rat embryos that this correlated activity is a widely propagating ...
Chih Hui Jun - - 2013
The natural history of cervical cancer suggests that prevention can be achieved by modification of the host's immune system through a nutrient-mediated program. This study reviews the preventive role of dietary intake on cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) induced by human papillomavirus (HPV). Electronic databases were searched using relevant keywords such ...
Liu Jie - - 2013
The mitochondrial genome of the spittlebug Paphnutius ruficeps is a double-strand DNA circular molecule of 14,841 bp with a total A and T content of 73.8%. It is one of the shortest genomes among published hemipteran mitogenomes and encodes 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosome RNA genes and 22 transfer RNA ...
Seddighi Reza - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate antinociceptive and selected effects associated with IM administration of xylazine hydrochloride in combination with tiletamine-zolazepam in llamas. Animals-8 adult male llamas. Procedures-Each llama received tiletamine-zolazepam (2 mg/kg) combined with either xylazine (0.1, 0.2, or 0.4 mg/kg) or saline (0.9% NaCl) solution IM (treatments designated as TZ-Xy0.1, TZ-Xy0.2, TZ-Xy0.4, ...
Ziskind-Conhaim Lea - - 2013
GABA and glycine are the primary fast inhibitory neurotransmitters in the mammalian spinal cord, but they differ in their regulatory functions, balancing neuronal excitation in the locomotor circuitry in the mammalian spinal cord. This review focuses on the unique role of GABAergic transmission during the assembly of the locomotor circuitry, ...
Gunderson Erin G - - 2013
Objective-To compare effects of anesthetic induction with midazolam-propofol or midazolam-etomidate on intraocular pressure (IOP), pupillary diameter (PD), pulse rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate in clinically normal dogs. Animals-18 dogs. Procedures-Dogs undergoing ophthalmic surgery received midazolam (0.2 mg/kg, IV) and either propofol or etomidate (IV) until intubatable. For all dogs, ...
Feussner H H Chirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum rechts der Isar, TU München, Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675, München, Deutschland. - - 2013
In severe gastroesophageal reflux disease fundoplication is a sound therapeutic alternative if long-term treatment with proton pump inhibitors is not a viable option. However, careful patient selection is mandatory and reflux disease has to be proven objectively. Patients who are particularly prone to develop postoperative functional side effects should be ...
Hayes Madeline - - 2013
Using zebrafish, we have characterised the function of Protein tyrosine kinase 7 (Ptk7), a transmembrane pseudokinase implicated in Wnt signal transduction during embryonic development and in cancer. Ptk7 is a known regulator of mammalian neural tube closure and Xenopus convergent extension movement. However, conflicting reports have indicated both positive and ...
Vidal-Casariego Alfonso - - 2013
Glutamine is a nutraceutic with antioxidant and immune functions that can protect from adverse effects associated with radiation therapy (RT). The aim of this study was to test whether oral glutamine prevents oral mucositis (OM) or acute radiation-induced esophagitis (ARIE) and favors nutritional status. This retrospective, cohort study included patients ...
Snapp Barbara - - 2013
Bordetella pertussis is a highly contagious bacterial disease currently on the rise in the United States. The most vulnerable age group is infants younger than 1 year old. The reasons for the current outbreak are multifactorial. The following is a case report describing a recent case of Bordetella pertussis infection ...
Chiu Tsan-Hung - - 2013
Diallyl sulfide (DAS) is a component of garlic (Alliaceae family). Although diallyl polysulfide has been shown to exhibit anticancer activities, no report explored DAS-affected cell death in human cervical cancer cells in vitro. This study investigated DAS affected on cell-cycle regulation and apoptosis in human cervical cancer Ca Ski cells. ...
Ariail Jennie - - 2013
Background: Students often enter graduate healthcare/biomedical schools with insufficient undergraduate instruction in effective writing, yet the ability to write well affects their career opportunities in health care and in scientific research. Purpose: The present study was conducted to determine the value and effectiveness of instruction by faculty with expertise in ...
Kitaoka Yu - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate the effects of a single incremental exercise test (IET) on mRNA expression and protein content of monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 1 and MCT4 in the gluteus medius muscle of Thoroughbreds. Animals-12 Thoroughbreds (6 males and 6 females; age, 3 to 4 years). Procedures-Horses underwent an IET before and after ...
Mason Julie K - - 2013
Flaxseed (FS) reduces breast tumorigenesis and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression in postmenopausal patients and animal models. The primary treatment for HER2-overexpressing tumors is trastuzumab (TRAS). FS oil enhances TRAS effectiveness in athymic mice but the FS effect is unknown and was therefore determined. Athymic mice with ...
Cooley Stacy D - - 2013
Objective-To characterize and quantitatively assess the typical pulmonary anatomy of healthy adult alpacas with multidetector row CT. Animals-10 clinically normal adult female alpacas. Procedures-CT examination of the thorax was performed before and after IV administration of iodinated contrast medium in sedated alpacas in sternal recumbency. Measurements of the trachea, bronchi ...
Liu Chunyi - - 2013
This article reports, for the first time, on the absolute configuration of (+)-9-benzyloxy-α-dihydrotetrabenazine (8), as determined from the perspective of X-ray crystallography. Compound 8 was prepared by a six-step reaction using 3-benzyloxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde (1) as a starting material. The X-ray crystal diffraction structure of two compounds, racemic 9-benzyloxy-tetrabenazine (5) and the ...
Hegarty Jeffrey M JM Department of Medicine, University of California, La Jolla, CA 92093-0613J, - - 2013
Multi-organ animals, such as vertebrates, require the development of a closed vascular system to ensure the delivery of nutrients to, and the transport of waste from, their organs. As a result, an organized vascular network that is optimal for tissue perfusion is created through not only the generation of new ...
Inoue Sachiko - - 2013
Few epidemiological studies have examined the potential protective effects of physical activity on insomnia. The authors thus evaluated the association between physical activity and insomnia in a large population-based study in Shizuoka, Japan. Individual data were obtained from participants in an ongoing cohort study. A total of 14,001 older residents ...
Jackson Maria - - 2013
Studies of diet and prostate cancer have focused primarily on food and nutrients; however, dietary patterns examine the overall diet, particularly foods eaten in combination, and risk of disease. We evaluated the association of dietary patterns and prostate cancer and low- and high-grade subgroups in Jamaican men. In a case-control ...
Backus Robert C - - 2013
Objective-To compare presumed fatty acid content in natural diets of feral domestic cats (inferred from body fat polyunsatrated fatty acids content) with polyunsaturated fatty acid content of commercial feline extruded diets. Sample-Subcutaneous and intra-abdominal adipose tissue samples (approx 1 g) from previously frozen cadavers of 7 adult feral domestic cats ...
Ebrahim Weaam - - 2013
Three new polyketides , , and ) were isolated from the EtOAc extract of the fungus Embellisia eureka, an endophyte of the Moroccan plant Cladanthus arabicus (Asteraceae). The structures of these new compounds were determined on the basis of one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy as well as by high-resolution mass ...
Kahane Nitza - - 2013
The development of a functional tissue requires coordination of the amplification of progenitors and their differentiation into specific cell types. The molecular basis for this coordination during myotome ontogeny is not well understood. Dermomytome progenitors that colonize the myotome first acquire myocyte identity and subsequently proliferate as Pax7-expressing progenitors before ...
McNamara Adrienne J - - 2013
Objective: Community-based exercise programs are popular for achieving physical activity among older adults, but the amount of physical activity obtained through such programs is unknown. This study quantified the bone-loading forces and levels of cardiovascular activity associated with participation in "Better Bones and Balance" (BBB), a community-based fall- and fracture-prevention ...
De Stefani Eduardo - - 2013
In the time period 1996-2004, we conducted a case-control study in Montevideo, Uruguay with the objective of exploring the role of foods and alcoholic beverages in the etiology of cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT). In brief, 563 male cases and 1099 male controls were frequency matched on age ...
Mullen Linda - - 2013
Simulation learning provides medical and nursing personnel with the opportunity to develop and refine their skills without putting patients at risk. Faced with ensuring the competence of a large number of new staff members, the management team at one facility implemented a simulation training program. Surgical team members are able ...
Dalrymple John L - - 2013
The mission of the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics (APGO) is to promote excellence in women's health care by providing optimal resources and support to educators who inspire, instruct, develop, and empower women's health care providers of tomorrow. Each year, APGO holds a joint meeting with the Council ...
Sim Marc - - 2013
The effect of exercise modality and intensity on Interleukin-6 (IL-6), iron status, and hepcidin levels was investigated. Ten trained male triathletes performed 4 exercise trials including low-intensity continuous running (L-R), low-intensity continuous cycling (L-C), high-intensity interval running (H-R), and high-intensity interval cycling (H-C). Both L-R and L-C consisted of 40 ...
Alghamdi Ali Saad Thafeed - - 2013
: This pilot study investigated the efficacy of dental clinics as potent sources for screening diabetes and prediabetes in undiagnosed individuals. : Data were randomly collected from 385 patients (aged 40 years and older) visiting dental clinics. Patients already having a diagnosis of diabetes and/or prediabetes were excluded. Demographic data, ...
Kim Jongkyu - - 2013
This research investigated patterns of the use of dietary supplement and doping awareness among high-ranked judoists from 2 countries. Korean (70 men and 31 women) and Japanese (37 men and 34 women) national judo team members were divided into 2 groups (high and low competitive performance levels) according to their ...
Cates Leigh Ann - - 2013
Neonatal nurse practitioners (NNPs) have a crucial role in the management and care of critically ill newborns and infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. Their role responsibilities range from daily management of care, oversight of unit and bedside education, execution of advanced procedures, and attendance at high-risk deliveries. During ...
Del Follo-Martinez Armando - - 2013
Resveratrol and quercetin (RQ) in combination (1:1 ratio) previously inhibited growth in human leukemia cells. This study investigated the anticancer activity of the same mixture in HT-29 colon cancer cells. RQ decreased the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by up to 2.25-fold and increased the antioxidant capacity by up ...
Clauson Kevin A - - 2013
Background: Social media may offer a means to engage students, facilitate collaborative learning, and tailor educational delivery for diverse learning styles. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to characterize social media awareness among pharmacy students and determine perceptions toward integrating these tools in education. Methods: A 23-item survey was ...
Pumphrey Stephanie A SA Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA 01536, - - 2013
To investigate whether differences existed between clinically normal dogs and dogs with goniodysgenesis-related glaucoma (GDRG) in serum autoantibodies against optic nerve antigens. 16 dogs with GDRG, 17 healthy dogs with unremarkable pectinate ligament and iridocorneal angle morphology, and 13 euthanized dogs with no major ocular abnormalities or underlying diseases. Western ...
Materna Stefan C SC Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. - - 2013
Indirect development, in which embryogenesis gives rise to a larval form, requires that some cells retain developmental potency until they contribute to the different tissues in the adult, including the germ line, in a later, post-embryonic phase. In sea urchins, the coelomic pouches are the major contributor to the adult, ...
Dunlop William L - - 2013
In this article, the authors report the results of a case study examining a group-based exercise program for older adult men. The purpose of the investigation was to identify the elements of this program responsible for its appeal. Interviews, conducted with a purposely sampled subset of program members, were subject ...
Cho Young-Wook - - 2013
Significant loss of body weight (SLW) by patients treated for squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity and oropharynx (OSCC) may affect treatment completion and results. We assessed factors predicting SLW and its correlation with disease-free survival (DFS) in these patients. We evaluated 226 consecutive patients with previously untreated, operable ...
Sieverdes John C - - 2013
: Diabetes affects 25.8 million persons in the United States, and these persons make more than 35 million ambulatory care visits annually. Yet, less than half of persons with diabetes meet the recommended levels of A1C, blood pressure and lipid control. One innovative approach is to use mobile health technologies ...
Ahmad Jawad - - 2013
Involved circumferential resection margin (CRM) (R1) in oesophageal carcinoma (OC) has conflicting definitions. This study aimed to compare two such definitions applied to a cohort of OC resection specimens and also evaluated a novel three-tier CRM stratification. OC patients with pT3 disease were classified as R0 or R1 on the ...
Unterscheider Julia - - 2013
The objective of the Prospective Observational Trial to Optimize Pediatric Health in Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) (PORTO Study), a national prospective observational multicenter study, was to evaluate which sonographic findings were associated with perinatal morbidity and mortality in pregnancies affected by growth restriction, originally defined as estimated fetal weight (EFW) ...
Quindry John - - 2013
Previous research findings indicate that environmental temperature can influence exercise-induced oxidative-stress responses, although the response to variable temperatures is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of warm, cold, and "neutral," or room, environmental temperatures on the blood oxidative stress associated with exercise and recovery. Participants ...
Nieto Jorge E - - 2013
Objective-To determine the response to neostigmine of the contractile activity of the jejunum and pelvic flexure and the effects of a continuous rate infusion (CRI) of neostigmine in horses. Animals-7 adult horses and tissue from 12 adult horses. Procedures-A CRI of neostigmine (0.008 mg/kg/h) or placebo was administered to 6 ...
Bruhn Torsten - - 2013
This article outlines theory and practice of the comparison of calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) curves to determine the absolute configuration of chiral molecules. The focus is on the evaluation of excited-state calculations giving hints at the identification of the correct bandwidth and the application of the so-called ...
Cristofaro Brunella B CIRB Collège de France, Inserm U1050/CNRS UMR 7241, Paris, - - 2013
Arteriogenesis requires growth of pre-existing arteriolar collateral networks and determines clinical outcome in arterial occlusive diseases. Factors responsible for the development of arteriolar collateral networks are poorly understood. The Notch ligand Delta-like 4 (Dll4) promotes arterial differentiation and restricts vessel branching. We hypothesized that Dll4 may act as a genetic ...
Burton Elissa - - 2013
The 3 study objectives were to compare the activity levels of older people who had received a restorative home care service with those of people who had received "usual" home care, explore the predictors of physical activity in these 2 groups, and determine whether either group met the minimum recommended ...
De Stefani Eduardo - - 2013
In the time period 1996-2004, 697 cases with lymphoid neoplasms and 3606 controls with nonneoplastic conditions were included in a case-control study conducted in the Cancer Institute of Uruguay. They were administered a routine questionnaire that included 8 sections and a food frequency questionnaire focused on intakes of total meat, ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >