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van Vliet Martin H MH Skyline Diagnostics BV, Rotterdam, The - - 2013
Mutations in the gene encoding nucleophosmin (NPM1) carry a prognostic value for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Various techniques are currently being used to detect these mutations in routine molecular diagnostics. Incorporation of accurate NPM1 mutation detection on a gene expression platform would enable simultaneous detection with various other ...
Cox Daniel J DJ Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA. - - 2013
Diabetes affects over 25 million people in the United States, most of whom are over the age of 16 and many of whom are licensed to drive a motor vehicle. Safe operation of a motor vehicle requires complex interactions of cognitive and motor functions and medical conditions that affect these ...
Threatt Jennifer J East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, - - 2013
An estimated 25.8 million children and adults in the United States, approximately 8.3% of the population, have diabetes. Diabetes prevalence varies by race and ethnicity. African Americans have the highest prevalence (12.6%), followed closely by Hispanics (11.8%), Asian Americans (8.4%) and whites (7.1%). The purpose of this article was to ...
Leite Renata S RS Division of Periodontics, College of Dental Medicine, Center for Oral Health Research, College of Dental Medicine, Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA. - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes mellitus has been described as a new epidemic. Approximately 285 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes, and this number is predicted to increase by approximately 50% by year 2030. This article will review oral health manifestations of diabetes and discuss associations between periodontal disease and diabetes. Although ...
Romero Vivian C VC Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2013
Fetal dysregulation of T helper cell pathways may predispose to allergy, as high cord blood T helper 2/T helper 1 ratios have been shown to precede development of allergic diseases. We aimed to determine whether prenatal eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid supplementation reduces T helper 2 to T helper 1-associated ...
Rolando Lori L Health & Wellness, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37212, - - 2013
To understand risk factor modification effect on Type 2 diabetes incidence in a workforce population. Annual health risk assessment data (N = 3125) in years 1 through 4 were used to predict diabetes development in years 5 through 8. Employees who reduced their body mass index from 30 or more ...
Pumphrey Stephanie A SA Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA 01536, - - 2013
To investigate whether differences existed between clinically normal dogs and dogs with goniodysgenesis-related glaucoma (GDRG) in serum autoantibodies against optic nerve antigens. 16 dogs with GDRG, 17 healthy dogs with unremarkable pectinate ligament and iridocorneal angle morphology, and 13 euthanized dogs with no major ocular abnormalities or underlying diseases. Western ...
Sipe Conor W CW Department of Cell Biology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2013
The V-shaped hair bundles atop auditory hair cells and their uniform orientation are manifestations of epithelial planar cell polarity (PCP) required for proper perception of sound. PCP is regulated at the tissue level by a conserved core Wnt/PCP pathway. However, the hair cell-intrinsic polarity machinery is poorly understood. Recent findings ...
Fleming Britannia M BM Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, - - 2013
The intermediate mesoderm (IM) is the embryonic source of all kidney tissue in vertebrates. The factors that regulate the formation of the IM are not yet well understood. Through investigations in the chick embryo, the current study identifies and characterizes Vg1/Nodal signaling (henceforth referred to as 'Nodal-like signaling') as a ...
Zhu Jia-Ying JY Department of Plant Biology, Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford, CA 94305, - - 2013
The brassinosteroid (BR) class of steroid hormones regulates plant development and physiology. The BR signal is transduced by a receptor kinase-mediated signal transduction pathway, which is distinct from animal steroid signalling systems. Recent studies have fully connected the BR signal transduction chain and have identified thousands of BR target genes, ...
Hegarty Jeffrey M JM Department of Medicine, University of California, La Jolla, CA 92093-0613J, - - 2013
Multi-organ animals, such as vertebrates, require the development of a closed vascular system to ensure the delivery of nutrients to, and the transport of waste from, their organs. As a result, an organized vascular network that is optimal for tissue perfusion is created through not only the generation of new ...
Müller Patrick P Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. - - 2013
The graded distribution of morphogens underlies many of the tissue patterns that form during development. How morphogens disperse from a localized source and how gradients in the target tissue form has been under debate for decades. Recent imaging studies and biophysical measurements have provided evidence for various morphogen transport models ...
Materna Stefan C SC Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. - - 2013
Indirect development, in which embryogenesis gives rise to a larval form, requires that some cells retain developmental potency until they contribute to the different tissues in the adult, including the germ line, in a later, post-embryonic phase. In sea urchins, the coelomic pouches are the major contributor to the adult, ...
Liao Weixiong - - 2013
PURPOSE: We conducted a proteomic analysis of synovial fluid (SF) to identify differentially expressed proteins and analyse their correlation with osteoarthritis (OA) severity. Our primary purpose was to gain insight into the pathogenesis of OA. METHODS: SF samples were acquired from 12 knee OA patients and 12 non-OA controls (ten ...
Yan Xiaowen - - 2013
Much progress has been made in identification of the proteins in proteomes, and quantification of these proteins has attracted much interest. In addition to popular tandem mass spectrometric methods based on soft ionization, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS), a typical example of mass spectrometry based on hard ionization, usually ...
Kodama Akio - - 2013
For vascular occlusive disease, an autologous vein graft is the most suitable conduit for arterial reconstruction. Intimal hyperplasia, resulting from the migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells, is a major obstacle to patency after vein grafting. The degree to which the function of nitric oxide (NO) in the ...
Nogueira Célia - - 2013
Complex III of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (CIII) catalyzes transfer of electrons from reduced coenzyme Q to cytochrome c. Low biochemical activity of CIII is not a frequent etiology in disorders of oxidative metabolism and is genetically heterogeneous. Recently, mutations in the human tetratricopeptide 19 gene (TTC19) have been involved ...
Mailloux Geneviève - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Binge eating (BE) has long been identified as a correlate of overweight and obesity. However, less empirical attention has been given to overeating with and without loss of control (LOC) in nonclinical samples. PURPOSE: The goal of the present study was to examine the association of (1) established correlates ...
Palm Henrik - - 2013
PURPOSE: Hip fracture treatment is controversial, with high complication rates. An algorithm for hip fracture surgery has shown reduced reoperation rates, but choice of implant is based on the commonly used fracture classifications, which were previously evaluated to be unreliable. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability ...
Salman Kadhim N - - 2013
Copper (Cu) metabolism is altered in rats fed diets high in molybdenum (Mo) and low in Cu. This 10-week study was carried out to examine the effects of supplemental Mo (7.5-240 μg/g diet) on male Sprague-Dawley rats fed diets adequate in Cu (5 μg/g diet) and to determine the susceptibility of Mo-treated ...
Galatius Anders - - 2013
Profiles of seven compounds of perfluoro-alkyl substances (PFASs) were compared among three species of top predators from the Danish North Sea: the white-beaked dolphin (Lagenorhynchus albirostris), the harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), and the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). The seals had higher total burdens (757.8 ng g(-1) ww) than the dolphins (439.9 ng g(-1) ww) ...
Parvathi Ammini - - 2013
Microbes play a central role in the decomposition and remineralization of organic matter and recycling of nutrients in aquatic environments. In this study, we examined the influence of physical, chemical, and biological parameters on the rate of bacterial production (BP) and viral production (VP) with respect to primary production over ...
Winter I - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of onychomycosis is rising worldwide. Before starting antifungal treatment, an exact mycological diagnosis should be obtained. The current laboratory diagnosis of dermatomycoses is based on the detection of the causative agent by microscopy and culture. These conventional diagnostic methods for fungal infections often are not the best ...
Lee Sunggun - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between radiographic knee osteoarthritis and vertebral fractures (VFs) in an Asian population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved data from 1,829 participants of the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Radiographic knee osteoarthritis was defined as Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grades ≥2. Prevalent ...
Zouboulis C C - - 2013
Acne is the most common skin disease worldwide. Choosing the appropriate therapeutic regimens for the clinically diversified disease phenotypes require good knowledge of its pathophysiology. New concepts in this field have been developed in the last 15 years. Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disorder in which androgens, PPAR ligands, regulating ...
da Costa Leonardo Moreira - - 2013
The affinity of the pentaaqua Mg(2+) cation for a set of para-substituted imino [HN = CHC6H4(R)] and thiocarbonyl [S = CHC6H4(R)] ligands (R = H, F, Cl, Br, OH, OCH3, CH3, CN, NH2 and NO2) was analyzed with DFT (B3LYP/6-31+G(d)) and semi-empirical (PM6-DH2) methods. The interaction enthalpy was calculated to quantify the affinity of the Mg(2+) ...
Zaoui K - - 2013
Surgical tumor removal is often the treatment of choice in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Depending on the extent of tumor resection, large defects are often produced in the individual head and neck regions, necessitating reconstructive surgery to avoid further functional impairment. In principle, this decision depends ...
Kluth L A - - 2013
The number needed to treat (NNT) is a useful way for clinicans to describe the benefit or harm of a treatment as well as the costs involved. When interpreting the NNT it is essential to use the NNT in a clinically equivalent and appropriate setting. When evaluating the consequences of ...
Anton Alexandra - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to compare the measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) through a therapeutic soft contact lens with the "native" measurement. We additionally investigate whether a rebound tonometer (RT) or non-contact tonometer (NCT) is more suitable to measure IOP through a bandage contact lens. METHODS: ...
Karampelas Michael - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic panuveitis is a diagnosis of exclusion that lacks distinguishing features on fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography. Choroidal hypoperfusion or ischaemia has been implicated in panuveitis of different aetiologies. In this study, we use enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (OCT) to examine the choroid and its vasculature in ...
Branković Ana S - - 2013
Previous studies have shown correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at 8q24 and prostate cancer (PCa) risk. This study aimed to evaluate possible association between genotypes and alleles of 8q24 polymorphisms (rs1447295, rs4242382, rs6983267, rs7017300, and rs7837688) and PCa risk and progression. 150 patients with PCa, 150 patients with benign ...
Hapeshi E - - 2013
The capability of a moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) to remove the iodinated contrast media (ICM) iohexol (IOX) and diatrizoate (DTZ) from municipal wastewater was studied. A selected number of clones of microorganisms present in the biofilm were identified. Biotransformation products were tentatively identified and the toxicity of the treated ...
Chaouloff Francis - - 2013
Interest has recently surged in the use of social stress models, especially social defeat. Such interest lies both in the recognition that stressors of social origin play a major role in human psychopathologies and in the acknowledgement that natural and hence ethologically-based stress models have important translational value. The use ...
Ni Min - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate the contribution of serum calreticulin (CRT) in the assessment of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Serum CRT levels were measured by ELISA in 70 patients with established RA, 30 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 25 other autoimmune diseases, 20 osteoarthritis ...
Hou Lei - - 2013
Combining Co2 clusters with mixed H2bpdc and H2bpz ligands creates an unprecedented 3-fold interpenetrated 5-connected porous framework, which possesses the fascinating double-walled nanotubes structure assembled from nonuple and triple helices, and exhibits gas sorption properties.
Connolly Gregory - - 2013
The recent introduction of new oral anticoagulants or novel target specific oral anticoagulants (TSOA's) is likely to have a major impact in the years ahead. Many large clinical trials have been published in the past few years showing these agents are generally safe and effective in several clinical settings including ...
Milhinhos Ana - - 2013
Xylem provides long-distance transport of water and nutrients as well as structural support in plants. The development of the xylem tissues is modulated by several internal signals. In the last decades, the bloom of genetic and genomic tools has led to increased understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the function ...
Selvaraju Subhashini - - 2013
A fully integrated platform was developed for capturing/fractionating human fucome from disease-free and breast cancer sera. It comprised multicolumn operated by HPLC pumps and switching valves for the simultaneous depletion of high abundance proteins via affinity-based subtraction and the capturing of fucosylated glycoproteins via lectin affinity chromatography followed by the ...
Tokito Takaaki - - 2013
PURPOSE: Skeletal-related events (SREs) negatively affect the quality of life of patients with cancer. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-targeted therapy is effective against bone metastasis in animal models, but the clinical efficacy of anti-VEGFR inhibitors against bone metastases remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of chemotherapy ...
Jadhav Ashok B - - 2013
Catharanthine is a constituent of anticancer vinca alkaloids. Its cardiovascular effects have not been investigated. This study compares the in vivo hemodynamic as well as in vitro effects of catharanthine on isolated blood vessels, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and cardiomyocytes. Intravenous administration of catharanthine (0.5-20mg/kg) to anaesthetised rats induced ...
Connor Bradley A - - 2013
As a rule, travelers' diarrhea is a self-limited bacterial infection that affects approximately 40 % of travelers to developing countries. Health-care professionals who see returning travelers have noted that some travelers afflicted with diarrhea do not recover completely but, instead, develop chronic diarrhea or a persistent change in gastrointestinal function. ...
Ferreira A V - - 2013
Candida albicans and, more recently, non-C. albicans Candida spp. are considered the most frequent fungi in hospitals. This study analyzed Candida spp. isolates and compared the frequency of different species, that is, C. albicans and non-C. albicans Candida spp., and the origins of isolates, that is, from hospital environments or ...
Kumar Muthukannan Satheesh - - 2013
This investigation examined the efficiency of Dolichospermum flos-aquae NTMS07 in the removal of Cr(VI) from exposure water at various concentrations (2.5, 5, 7.5, 10 mg/L) over different time intervals of contact (1-5 days). Chromium removal was maximum at 2.5 mg/L, and decreased with increased concentration. The responses of the antioxidative enzymes superoxide dismutase ...
Ide Yusuke - - 2013
TiO2 ternary-modified with Fe(3+), Ni(2+), and Au nanoparticles exhibited a noticeable photocatalytic activity for selective cyclohexane oxidation with O2 under sunlight irradiation.
Grassi Mariangela - - 2013
In the last years, a lot of emerging contaminants, such as, endocrine disruptors compounds (EDCs), pharmaceuticals, and personal care products (PPCPs) have been detected in wastewater. Because of their toxicity and possible adverse effects on the environment and humans, their release from urban wastewater treatment plants (UWWTPs) effluents should be ...
Clément Pierre - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Oxytocin (OT) plays a major role in the control of male sexual responses. Notably, blockade of OT receptors has been reported to inhibit ejaculation in animals. The study aimed to investigate the action of a highly selective, non-peptide OT antagonist GSK557296 in a model of pharmacologically-induced ejaculation ...
Lentine Krista L - - 2013
The growth in living kidney donation has been accompanied by greater racial diversity. Most information on post-donation health comes from single-center studies of dominantly Caucasian cohorts. Recent linkage of U.S. donor registration data with death records demonstrated higher mortality risks among African American donors, but importantly, no differences in death ...
Attaway A - - 2013
While the most common presentation of actinomycosis is cervicofacial disease, or "lumpy jaw syndrome," Actinomyces meyeri has a predilection for pulmonary disease as well as dissemination to distant organs. We describe a 61-year-old Caucasian male with a relapsing-remitting mandibular sinus tract who would go on to develop weight loss, dyspnea, ...
Schuchard Julia - - 2013
Implicit learning is a process of acquiring knowledge that occurs without conscious awareness of learning, whereas explicit learning involves the use of overt strategies. To date, research related to implicit learning following stroke has been largely restricted to the motor domain and has rarely addressed implications for language. The present ...
Hanna Ramez - - 2013
Peripheral neurolymphomatosis is a rare manifestation of advanced lymphoproliferative disorders. It is often associated with B cell lymphomas and rarely with cutaneous T cell lymphomas, such as mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome. In this case report, we present a 78-year-old male with a long-standing history of mycosis fungoides. The patient ...
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