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Chih Hui Jun - - 2013
The natural history of cervical cancer suggests that prevention can be achieved by modification of the host's immune system through a nutrient-mediated program. This study reviews the preventive role of dietary intake on cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) induced by human papillomavirus (HPV). Electronic databases were searched using relevant keywords such ...
Backus Robert C - - 2013
Objective-To compare presumed fatty acid content in natural diets of feral domestic cats (inferred from body fat polyunsatrated fatty acids content) with polyunsaturated fatty acid content of commercial feline extruded diets. Sample-Subcutaneous and intra-abdominal adipose tissue samples (approx 1 g) from previously frozen cadavers of 7 adult feral domestic cats ...
Ebrahim Weaam - - 2013
Three new polyketides , , and ) were isolated from the EtOAc extract of the fungus Embellisia eureka, an endophyte of the Moroccan plant Cladanthus arabicus (Asteraceae). The structures of these new compounds were determined on the basis of one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy as well as by high-resolution mass ...
De Stefani Eduardo - - 2013
In the time period 1996-2004, we conducted a case-control study in Montevideo, Uruguay with the objective of exploring the role of foods and alcoholic beverages in the etiology of cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT). In brief, 563 male cases and 1099 male controls were frequency matched on age ...
Sulaiman Syed Azhar Syed - - 2013
: Concurrent diabetes mellitus (DM) with tuberculosis (TB) has an increased risk of treatment failure. This study was aimed to evaluate treatment outcomes in patients with TB with and without DM. : A retrospective cohort study was conducted at respiratory clinic of Hospital Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. All TB-registered patients from ...
Black Katherine Elizabeth - - 2013
Blood sodium concentration of tetraplegics during exercise has not been investigated. This study aimed to measure blood sodium changes in relation to fluid intakes and thermal comfort in tetraplegics during wheelchair rugby training. Twelve international male wheelchair rugby players volunteered, and measures were taken during 2 training sessions. Body mass, ...
Mendez-Angulo Jose L - - 2013
Objective-To determine the maximum amount of flexion and extension of the carpal, tarsal, metacarpophalangeal, and metatarsophalangeal joints and the percentage duration of the stance and swing phases of the stride for horses walking on an underwater treadmill in various water depths. Animals-9 healthy adult horses. Procedures-Zinc oxide markers were placed ...
Perreault Marie-Claude - - 2013
Subcortical descending glutamatergic neurons, such as reticulospinal (RS) neurons, play decisive roles in the initiation and control of many motor behaviors in mammals. However, little is known about the mechanisms used by RS neurons to control spinal motor networks because most of the neuronal elements involved have not been identified ...
Osman Amira - - 2013
We examined the contribution of socioeconomic disadvantage and traumatic life events to ethnic disparities in disability among Israeli adults. We used data from the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE-Israel), a sample of Israeli adults aged 50 or older (N = 1,546). Disability measures included functional limitations, ...
Paramesh Anil S - - 2013
Advancements in transplantation offer promising treatment options for a variety of diseases. Organ donation, an essential part of organ transplantation, may be performed at hospitals even if the facility is not a transplant center; therefore, perioperative nurses should be aware of developments in transplantation and the implications for patient care ...
Ciccocioppo Rachele - - 2013
We report on 2 patients affected by both celiac disease (CD) and β-thalassemia major who underwent successful myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for the latter condition. After HSCT, the introduction of a gluten-containing diet did not cause the reappearance of clinical, serological, and histological markers of CD in ...
Deuber Charlene - - 2013
: Supplemental oxygen plays a critical role in the care of infants born at the lower limits of viability, but not without the risk of morbidity resulting from high levels or prolonged exposure. : The purpose of this quality improvement project was to reduce exposure to hyperoxia as evidenced by ...
Markert Ronald J - - 2013
Background: Medical journal articles often contain imprecise and inaccurate statistical methods and terminology that inhibit effective teaching and learning in medical education. Summary: Examples are used for ten flaws dealing with research design and methods and statistical analysis. Conclusions: If these inaccurate and inappropriate usages are avoided, teaching and learning ...
Kitaoka Yu - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate the effects of a single incremental exercise test (IET) on mRNA expression and protein content of monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 1 and MCT4 in the gluteus medius muscle of Thoroughbreds. Animals-12 Thoroughbreds (6 males and 6 females; age, 3 to 4 years). Procedures-Horses underwent an IET before and after ...
Mason Julie K - - 2013
Flaxseed (FS) reduces breast tumorigenesis and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression in postmenopausal patients and animal models. The primary treatment for HER2-overexpressing tumors is trastuzumab (TRAS). FS oil enhances TRAS effectiveness in athymic mice but the FS effect is unknown and was therefore determined. Athymic mice with ...
Fredholm Daniel V - - 2013
Objective-To determine the pharmacokinetics of meloxicam (1 mg/kg) in rabbits after oral administration of single and multiple doses. Animals-6 healthy rabbits. Procedures-A single dose of meloxicam (1 mg/kg, PO) was administered to the rabbits. After a 10-day washout period, meloxicam (1 mg/kg, PO) was administered to rabbits every 24 hours ...
Birkholz Oliver - - 2013
The central nervous system is composed of segmental units (neuromeres), the size and complexity of which evolved in correspondence to their functional requirements. In Drosophila, neuromeres develop from populations of neural stem cells (neuroblasts) that delaminate from the early embryonic neuroectoderm in a stereotyped spatial and temporal pattern. Pattern units ...
Arimoto-Kobayashi Sakae - - 2013
Our study revealed the inhibitory effect of Vitis coignetiae Pulliat, known as Yamabudo in Japan, at the stages of multi-step carcinogenesis. The juice of Vitis coignetiae (Y-grape juice) was antimutagenic toward dimethylbenzo[a]anthracene (DMBA), aflatoxin B1, and benzo[a]pyrene in the Ames test. The Y-grape juice was also antigenotoxic in the micronucleus ...
Ahern Kathy - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify and prioritize topics for a professional development program in neonatal palliative care. A total of 276 nurses and midwives who work in an Australian neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and 26 international healthcare professionals working in NICU and palliative care served as ...
Mazurkiewicz Rebecca - - 2013
Background: No standards regarding what should be learned during medical school exist. Purpose: We investigated what medical students and clerkship directors (CDs) believe students are, and should be, doing during clerkships. Methods: From January to June 2011, Mount Sinai School of Medicine CDs (n = 4) and 3rd-year students (n ...
Unterscheider Julia - - 2013
The objective of the Prospective Observational Trial to Optimize Pediatric Health in Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) (PORTO Study), a national prospective observational multicenter study, was to evaluate which sonographic findings were associated with perinatal morbidity and mortality in pregnancies affected by growth restriction, originally defined as estimated fetal weight (EFW) ...
Quindry John - - 2013
Previous research findings indicate that environmental temperature can influence exercise-induced oxidative-stress responses, although the response to variable temperatures is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of warm, cold, and "neutral," or room, environmental temperatures on the blood oxidative stress associated with exercise and recovery. Participants ...
Sieverdes John C - - 2013
: Diabetes affects 25.8 million persons in the United States, and these persons make more than 35 million ambulatory care visits annually. Yet, less than half of persons with diabetes meet the recommended levels of A1C, blood pressure and lipid control. One innovative approach is to use mobile health technologies ...
Ahmad Jawad - - 2013
Involved circumferential resection margin (CRM) (R1) in oesophageal carcinoma (OC) has conflicting definitions. This study aimed to compare two such definitions applied to a cohort of OC resection specimens and also evaluated a novel three-tier CRM stratification. OC patients with pT3 disease were classified as R0 or R1 on the ...
Martin Blanca - - 2013
To report on 15 cases of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) with divergent differentiation, to characterize its clinicopathological spectrum and its relationship with Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV). Fifteen patients with a mean age of 81 years were included. Follow-up was available for 13 cases (range 12 days to 6 years; median 6 months). Recurrence, metastasis ...
Heidari Khosrow - - 2013
: Diabetes is a serious disease, which is often accompanied by complications, such as blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, strokes and amputations. High blood pressure and abnormal cholesterol levels are frequent comorbidities. Diabetes has an immense impact on public health and medical care. In South Carolina (SC), medical costs rise ...
Chen Xiaochen - - 2013
To present our experience with 18 cases of well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma (WDPM), with an emphasis on its relationship to adenomatoid tumour and multicystic mesothelioma. Eighteen cases of WDPM were retrieved. Twenty cases of multicystic mesothelioma were selected for comparative study. The WDPM patients comprised 14 females and four males, with ...
Cho Young-Wook - - 2013
Significant loss of body weight (SLW) by patients treated for squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity and oropharynx (OSCC) may affect treatment completion and results. We assessed factors predicting SLW and its correlation with disease-free survival (DFS) in these patients. We evaluated 226 consecutive patients with previously untreated, operable ...
Feng Weiwei - - 2013
Aims:  The aim of this study was to determine the value of morphometric features in distinguishing mild and moderate atypia and predicting the recurrence of World Health Organization 2003-defined endometrial stromal sarcoma and highly malignant undifferentiated endometrial sarcoma. Methods and results:  Nuclear and cytological size, shape and arrangement were morphometrically ...
Liu Jie - - 2013
The mitochondrial genome of the spittlebug Paphnutius ruficeps is a double-strand DNA circular molecule of 14,841 bp with a total A and T content of 73.8%. It is one of the shortest genomes among published hemipteran mitogenomes and encodes 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosome RNA genes and 22 transfer RNA ...
Seddighi Reza - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate antinociceptive and selected effects associated with IM administration of xylazine hydrochloride in combination with tiletamine-zolazepam in llamas. Animals-8 adult male llamas. Procedures-Each llama received tiletamine-zolazepam (2 mg/kg) combined with either xylazine (0.1, 0.2, or 0.4 mg/kg) or saline (0.9% NaCl) solution IM (treatments designated as TZ-Xy0.1, TZ-Xy0.2, TZ-Xy0.4, ...
Ziskind-Conhaim Lea - - 2013
GABA and glycine are the primary fast inhibitory neurotransmitters in the mammalian spinal cord, but they differ in their regulatory functions, balancing neuronal excitation in the locomotor circuitry in the mammalian spinal cord. This review focuses on the unique role of GABAergic transmission during the assembly of the locomotor circuitry, ...
Campbell James O - - 2013
Objective-To assess the feasibility of measuring cord dorsum potentials (CDPs) in anesthetized clinically normal dogs after caudal nerve stimulation, determine the intervertebral site of maximum amplitude and best waveform of the CDP, and evaluate the effects of neuromuscular blockade. Animals-8 male and 4 female dogs (age, 1 to 5 years). ...
Nieto Jorge E - - 2013
Objective-To determine the response to neostigmine of the contractile activity of the jejunum and pelvic flexure and the effects of a continuous rate infusion (CRI) of neostigmine in horses. Animals-7 adult horses and tissue from 12 adult horses. Procedures-A CRI of neostigmine (0.008 mg/kg/h) or placebo was administered to 6 ...
Bruhn Torsten - - 2013
This article outlines theory and practice of the comparison of calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) curves to determine the absolute configuration of chiral molecules. The focus is on the evaluation of excited-state calculations giving hints at the identification of the correct bandwidth and the application of the so-called ...
De Stefani Eduardo - - 2013
In the time period 1996-2004, 697 cases with lymphoid neoplasms and 3606 controls with nonneoplastic conditions were included in a case-control study conducted in the Cancer Institute of Uruguay. They were administered a routine questionnaire that included 8 sections and a food frequency questionnaire focused on intakes of total meat, ...
Hegarty Jeffrey M - - 2013
Multi-organ animals, such as vertebrates, require the development of a closed vascular system to ensure the delivery of nutrients to, and the transport of waste from, their organs. As a result, an organized vascular network that is optimal for tissue perfusion is created through not only the generation of new ...
Sipe Conor W - - 2013
The V-shaped hair bundles atop auditory hair cells and their uniform orientation are manifestations of epithelial planar cell polarity (PCP) required for proper perception of sound. PCP is regulated at the tissue level by a conserved core Wnt/PCP pathway. However, the hair cell-intrinsic polarity machinery is poorly understood. Recent findings ...
Fleming Britannia M - - 2013
The intermediate mesoderm (IM) is the embryonic source of all kidney tissue in vertebrates. The factors that regulate the formation of the IM are not yet well understood. Through investigations in the chick embryo, the current study identifies and characterizes Vg1/Nodal signaling (henceforth referred to as 'Nodal-like signaling') as a ...
Zhu Jia-Ying - - 2013
The brassinosteroid (BR) class of steroid hormones regulates plant development and physiology. The BR signal is transduced by a receptor kinase-mediated signal transduction pathway, which is distinct from animal steroid signalling systems. Recent studies have fully connected the BR signal transduction chain and have identified thousands of BR target genes, ...
Müller Patrick - - 2013
The graded distribution of morphogens underlies many of the tissue patterns that form during development. How morphogens disperse from a localized source and how gradients in the target tissue form has been under debate for decades. Recent imaging studies and biophysical measurements have provided evidence for various morphogen transport models ...
Materna Stefan C - - 2013
Indirect development, in which embryogenesis gives rise to a larval form, requires that some cells retain developmental potency until they contribute to the different tissues in the adult, including the germ line, in a later, post-embryonic phase. In sea urchins, the coelomic pouches are the major contributor to the adult, ...
Cristofaro Brunella - - 2013
Arteriogenesis requires growth of pre-existing arteriolar collateral networks and determines clinical outcome in arterial occlusive diseases. Factors responsible for the development of arteriolar collateral networks are poorly understood. The Notch ligand Delta-like 4 (Dll4) promotes arterial differentiation and restricts vessel branching. We hypothesized that Dll4 may act as a genetic ...
Gilger Brian C - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) administered into the suprachoroidal space (SCS) using a microneedle and compare it with intravitreal (IVT) TA injections in a porcine model of acute posterior segment inflammation. An IVT injection of balanced salt solution (BSS) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was followed 24 hours later ...
Invernizzi Alessandro - - 2013
To assess enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) visualization of deep posterior pole structures and retrobulbar tissues in myopic eyes and evaluate ocular structural elements that influence this capability. Thirty consecutive myopic eyes (>-6 diopters) from 21 patients were enrolled. Exclusion criteria included any pathological condition affecting the posterior ...
Wu Zhichao - - 2013
The second hyper-reflective on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) has been suggested to correlate with the photoreceptor inner segment ellipsoids (ISe). The purpose of our study was to determine the relationship between the intensity of the ISe band and retinal function measured by multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) in patients with ...
Traustason Sindri - - 2013
To assess the validity of spectrophotometric retinal oximetry by comparison to blood gas analysis and intravitreal measurements of partial pressure of oxygen (pO(2)). Female domestic pigs were used for all experiments (n = 8). Oxygen fraction in inspired air was changed using a mixture of room air, pure oxygen, and ...
Holes-Lewis Kelly Anne - - 2013
Obesity is a world-wide epidemic associated with significant morbidity and mortality which costs billions of dollars per year. The associated related conditions are many and include heart disease, stroke, type II diabetes mellitus, sleep apnea and certain types of cancer. Given that it is a multifactorial problem, the treatments must ...
Bretscher Anthony - - 2013
Scientific communication, career advancement, and funding decisions are all dependent on research publications. The way manuscripts are handled by high-visibility, professionally edited magazines differs from the way academic journals evaluate manuscripts, using active scientists as monitoring editors. In this essay, I discuss the benefits that come with the involvement of ...
Begley Carolyn - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to test the association between tear film fluorescence changes during tear break-up (TBU) or thinning and the concurrent ocular sensory response. Sixteen subjects kept one eye open as long as possible (MBI), indicated their discomfort level continuously, and rated ocular sensations of irritation, stinging, ...
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