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Risalde María A - - 2013
Objective-To compare pathological changes and viral antigen distribution in tissues of calves with and without preexisting subclinical bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection following challenge with bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1). Animals-24 Friesian calves. Procedures-12 calves were inoculated intranasally with noncytopathic BVDV-1a; 12 days later, 10 of these calves were challenged intranasally ...
Martinez Marina - - 2013
After a complete spinal cord injury (SCI) at the lowest thoracic level (T13), adult cats trained to walk on a treadmill can recover hindlimb locomotion within 2-3 weeks, resulting from the activity of a spinal circuitry termed the central pattern generator (CPG). The role of this spinal circuitry in the ...
Qian Yu - - 2013
Peritubular myoid cells (PMCs) are myofibroblast-like cells that surround the seminiferous tubules and play essential roles in male fertility. How these cells modulate spermatogenesis and the signaling pathways that are involved are largely unknown. Here we report that Lgr4 is selectively expressed in mouse PMCs in the testes, and loss ...
Li Lin - - 2013
To assess dietary isoflavone intake between population and hospital outpatient controls and examine if cancer risks estimated for isoflavone using hospital outpatient controls would be different from those using population controls. Three parallel case-control studies on leukemia, breast, and colorectal cancers in China in 2009-2010 were conducted, using population and ...
Vidaeff Alex C - - 2013
To determine the relation between thrombin generation (measured by thrombin-antithrombin [TAT] complexes) early in pregnancy and subsequent preterm delivery. Select cohort of 731 women undergoing indicated second trimester amniocentesis prospectively followed to delivery. Primary outcome was preterm delivery. TAT levels were examined continuously and categorized by quartiles. Multivariable techniques were ...
Dong Jingmei - - 2013
Purpose: To examine the excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase and the combined effect of glutamine supplementation and diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) on the function of neutrophils induced by overtraining. Methods: Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: control group (C), overtraining ...
Cates Leigh Ann - - 2013
Neonatal nurse practitioners (NNPs) have a crucial role in the management and care of critically ill newborns and infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. Their role responsibilities range from daily management of care, oversight of unit and bedside education, execution of advanced procedures, and attendance at high-risk deliveries. During ...
Del Follo-Martinez Armando - - 2013
Resveratrol and quercetin (RQ) in combination (1:1 ratio) previously inhibited growth in human leukemia cells. This study investigated the anticancer activity of the same mixture in HT-29 colon cancer cells. RQ decreased the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by up to 2.25-fold and increased the antioxidant capacity by up ...
Clauson Kevin A - - 2013
Background: Social media may offer a means to engage students, facilitate collaborative learning, and tailor educational delivery for diverse learning styles. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to characterize social media awareness among pharmacy students and determine perceptions toward integrating these tools in education. Methods: A 23-item survey was ...
Drab Scott - - 2013
: The roles of the diabetes educator (DE) have expanded significantly from the basic instruction on self-care on which the profession was established and now encompass a range of key responsibilities within diabetes care. A major focus of recent literature has been evaluation of the effectiveness of diabetes self-management education ...
Alghamdi Ali Saad Thafeed - - 2013
: This pilot study investigated the efficacy of dental clinics as potent sources for screening diabetes and prediabetes in undiagnosed individuals. : Data were randomly collected from 385 patients (aged 40 years and older) visiting dental clinics. Patients already having a diagnosis of diabetes and/or prediabetes were excluded. Demographic data, ...
Champ Colin E - - 2013
Recent data reveals that dietary factors may influence outcomes in patients undergoing cancer treatment. However, patient-centered information on dietary recommendations is limited. In this study, we assessed dietary recommendations for cancer patients during treatment and survivorship by evaluating the websites of all National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) member institutions. NCCN ...
Mullen Linda - - 2013
Simulation learning provides medical and nursing personnel with the opportunity to develop and refine their skills without putting patients at risk. Faced with ensuring the competence of a large number of new staff members, the management team at one facility implemented a simulation training program. Surgical team members are able ...
Hermayer Kathie L - - 2013
: There is a huge economic burden of diabetes in South Carolina. : The South Carolina Guidelines for Diabetes Care were based on the 2013 Standards of Medical Care from the American Diabetes Association. : From a review of the Diabetes Quality Indicators in South Carolina 2007, Medicare claims data ...
Sherer Renslow - - 2013
Background : In 2008 Wuhan University Medical School in China proposed to reform its curriculum by adapting the curriculum of the University of Chicago Medical School. Description : An assessment of Wuhan University Medical School's traditional curriculum conducted in 2009 informed the reform directions, which included course integration, use of ...
Brooks Christine - - 2013
: The objective of this study was to compare the differences in lipid loss from 24 samples of banked donor human milk (DHM) among 3 feeding methods: DHM given by syringe pump over 1 hour, 2 hours, and by bolus/gravity gavage. : Comparative, descriptive. There were no human subjects. : ...
Williamson Martyn - - 2013
Background: This article describes a simulated General Practice clinic for medical students, which incorporates specific features to aid learning of clinical problem solving. Description: We outline the overall objectives of the simulation, explain the concept, and describe how the clinic works. The clinic is novel in that it utilises clinical ...
Steelman Victoria M - - 2013
Much of the work done by perioperative nurses focuses on patient safety. Perioperative nurses are aware that unreported near misses occur every day, and they use that knowledge to prioritize activities to protect the patient. The purpose of this study was to identify the highest priority patient safety issues reported ...
Mann Brenda - - 2013
: The purpose of this multisite study was to describe suctioning techniques of registered nurses (RNs) and respiratory therapists (RTs) caring for neonates requiring nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). The care practices investigated included suctioning frequency, assessment parameters, and techniques used to suction. : A convenience sample of neonatal ...
Kaczmarczyk Joseph M - - 2013
Background: This article, prepared by the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics Undergraduate Medical Education Committee, discusses the evolving challenges facing medical educators posed by social media and a new form of professionalism that has been termed e-professionalism. Summary: E-professionalism is defined as the attitudes and behaviors that reflect ...
Nieto Jorge E - - 2013
Objective-To determine the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of zoledronic acid in horses. Animals-8 healthy horses. Procedures-A single dose of zoledronic acid (0.057 mg/kg, IV) was administered during a 30-minute period. Venous blood was collected at several time points. Zoledronic acid concentration in plasma was measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, ...
Darvesh Altaf S - - 2013
The prophylactic and therapeutic properties of tea have been attributed to green tea catechins and black tea theaflavins besides several other polyphenolic compounds. Tea polyphenols possess potent antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties and modulate several signaling pathways. These biochemical facets of tea polyphenols are responsible for its anticancer properties. Several lethal ...
Tonkin Laura R - - 2013
Objective-To determine whether soybean oil emulsion has an in vitro effect on platelet aggregation and thromboelastography in blood samples obtained from healthy dogs. Animals-12 healthy adult dogs. Procedures-Blood samples were collected from each dog into tubes containing EDTA, hirudin, or sodium citrate for a CBC, collagen- and ADP-induced impedance aggregometry, ...
Bardoni Rita - - 2013
Sensory information transmitted to the spinal cord dorsal horn is modulated by a complex network of excitatory and inhibitory interneurons. The two main inhibitory transmitters, GABA and glycine, control the flow of sensory information mainly by regulating the excitability of dorsal horn neurons. A presynaptic action of GABA has also ...
do Monte Zenaide S - - 2013
A simple, rapid, and sensitive method for the analysis of paroxetine, in tablets as well as the pure drug, by circular dichroism is described. The method was validated for repeatability, linearity, limit of detection, limit of quantification, and recovery according to the International Conference on Harmonization guidelines. Excellent results were ...
Karunasinghe Nishi - - 2013
Selenium (Se) supplementation was tested in a group of healthy men from Auckland, New Zealnd with selenized yeast (Selplex, 200 μg/day) as the supplementation mode. A set of biomarkers, including DNA damage levels and seleno-antioxidant enzyme levels, were evaluated at pre- and postsupplementation time points. Supplementation produced significant increases in serum ...
Wilkes Michael S - - 2013
The authors reflect on the creation of the Doctoring program at the UCLA School of Medicine two decades ago. Although Doctoring-at UCLA and other institutions where it has been implemented-has successfully taught large numbers of students psychosocial content and communications skills that are often overlooked in traditional medical school curricula ...
Wang Jiamin - - 2013
Protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha (PTPα) functions as an activator of Src by dephosphorylating Tyr527/530, a critical negative regulatory site. The increase of PTPα catalytic activity requires its phosphorylation at Ser180 and/or Ser204 and its dissociation from PTPα/Grb2 complex. Here, we show that epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation increases the ability ...
Sutton Shauna - - 2013
During the initiation of a new robotic surgery program, a quality improvement team explored different techniques for positioning patients in the lithotomy and steep Trendelenburg position during robot-assisted procedures. Concerns associated with placing patients in the steep Trendelenburg position include the patient slipping toward the head of the bed and ...
- - 2013
: The Diabetes Initiative of South Carolina (DSC) is charged with the development of guidelines for the management of diabetes and supporting adherence to evidence-based standards for education and care. The DSC is committed to lowering the burden of diabetes in the state through translation of evidence-based standards of clinical ...
Kim Woong - - 2013
Objective-To investigate histomorphometric changes in the cartilage and subchondral bone of the third carpal bone associated with conditioning exercise in young Thoroughbreds. Animals-Nine 18-month-old Thoroughbreds. Procedures-Both third carpal bones of 9 horses (4 exercised spontaneously at pasture only and 5 given additional conditioning exercise beginning at a mean age of ...
Momose-Sato Yoko - - 2013
Spontaneous embryonic movements, called embryonic motility, are produced by correlated spontaneous activity in the cranial and spinal nerves, which is driven by brainstem and spinal networks. Using optical imaging with a voltage-sensitive dye, we revealed previously in the chick and rat embryos that this correlated activity is a widely propagating ...
Chih Hui Jun - - 2013
The natural history of cervical cancer suggests that prevention can be achieved by modification of the host's immune system through a nutrient-mediated program. This study reviews the preventive role of dietary intake on cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) induced by human papillomavirus (HPV). Electronic databases were searched using relevant keywords such ...
Backus Robert C - - 2013
Objective-To compare presumed fatty acid content in natural diets of feral domestic cats (inferred from body fat polyunsatrated fatty acids content) with polyunsaturated fatty acid content of commercial feline extruded diets. Sample-Subcutaneous and intra-abdominal adipose tissue samples (approx 1 g) from previously frozen cadavers of 7 adult feral domestic cats ...
Ebrahim Weaam - - 2013
Three new polyketides , , and ) were isolated from the EtOAc extract of the fungus Embellisia eureka, an endophyte of the Moroccan plant Cladanthus arabicus (Asteraceae). The structures of these new compounds were determined on the basis of one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy as well as by high-resolution mass ...
De Stefani Eduardo - - 2013
In the time period 1996-2004, we conducted a case-control study in Montevideo, Uruguay with the objective of exploring the role of foods and alcoholic beverages in the etiology of cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT). In brief, 563 male cases and 1099 male controls were frequency matched on age ...
Sulaiman Syed Azhar Syed - - 2013
: Concurrent diabetes mellitus (DM) with tuberculosis (TB) has an increased risk of treatment failure. This study was aimed to evaluate treatment outcomes in patients with TB with and without DM. : A retrospective cohort study was conducted at respiratory clinic of Hospital Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. All TB-registered patients from ...
Black Katherine Elizabeth - - 2013
Blood sodium concentration of tetraplegics during exercise has not been investigated. This study aimed to measure blood sodium changes in relation to fluid intakes and thermal comfort in tetraplegics during wheelchair rugby training. Twelve international male wheelchair rugby players volunteered, and measures were taken during 2 training sessions. Body mass, ...
Mendez-Angulo Jose L - - 2013
Objective-To determine the maximum amount of flexion and extension of the carpal, tarsal, metacarpophalangeal, and metatarsophalangeal joints and the percentage duration of the stance and swing phases of the stride for horses walking on an underwater treadmill in various water depths. Animals-9 healthy adult horses. Procedures-Zinc oxide markers were placed ...
Perreault Marie-Claude - - 2013
Subcortical descending glutamatergic neurons, such as reticulospinal (RS) neurons, play decisive roles in the initiation and control of many motor behaviors in mammals. However, little is known about the mechanisms used by RS neurons to control spinal motor networks because most of the neuronal elements involved have not been identified ...
Osman Amira - - 2013
We examined the contribution of socioeconomic disadvantage and traumatic life events to ethnic disparities in disability among Israeli adults. We used data from the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE-Israel), a sample of Israeli adults aged 50 or older (N = 1,546). Disability measures included functional limitations, ...
Paramesh Anil S - - 2013
Advancements in transplantation offer promising treatment options for a variety of diseases. Organ donation, an essential part of organ transplantation, may be performed at hospitals even if the facility is not a transplant center; therefore, perioperative nurses should be aware of developments in transplantation and the implications for patient care ...
Ciccocioppo Rachele - - 2013
We report on 2 patients affected by both celiac disease (CD) and β-thalassemia major who underwent successful myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for the latter condition. After HSCT, the introduction of a gluten-containing diet did not cause the reappearance of clinical, serological, and histological markers of CD in ...
Deuber Charlene - - 2013
: Supplemental oxygen plays a critical role in the care of infants born at the lower limits of viability, but not without the risk of morbidity resulting from high levels or prolonged exposure. : The purpose of this quality improvement project was to reduce exposure to hyperoxia as evidenced by ...
Markert Ronald J - - 2013
Background: Medical journal articles often contain imprecise and inaccurate statistical methods and terminology that inhibit effective teaching and learning in medical education. Summary: Examples are used for ten flaws dealing with research design and methods and statistical analysis. Conclusions: If these inaccurate and inappropriate usages are avoided, teaching and learning ...
Kitaoka Yu - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate the effects of a single incremental exercise test (IET) on mRNA expression and protein content of monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 1 and MCT4 in the gluteus medius muscle of Thoroughbreds. Animals-12 Thoroughbreds (6 males and 6 females; age, 3 to 4 years). Procedures-Horses underwent an IET before and after ...
Mason Julie K - - 2013
Flaxseed (FS) reduces breast tumorigenesis and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression in postmenopausal patients and animal models. The primary treatment for HER2-overexpressing tumors is trastuzumab (TRAS). FS oil enhances TRAS effectiveness in athymic mice but the FS effect is unknown and was therefore determined. Athymic mice with ...
Fredholm Daniel V - - 2013
Objective-To determine the pharmacokinetics of meloxicam (1 mg/kg) in rabbits after oral administration of single and multiple doses. Animals-6 healthy rabbits. Procedures-A single dose of meloxicam (1 mg/kg, PO) was administered to the rabbits. After a 10-day washout period, meloxicam (1 mg/kg, PO) was administered to rabbits every 24 hours ...
Birkholz Oliver - - 2013
The central nervous system is composed of segmental units (neuromeres), the size and complexity of which evolved in correspondence to their functional requirements. In Drosophila, neuromeres develop from populations of neural stem cells (neuroblasts) that delaminate from the early embryonic neuroectoderm in a stereotyped spatial and temporal pattern. Pattern units ...
Arimoto-Kobayashi Sakae - - 2013
Our study revealed the inhibitory effect of Vitis coignetiae Pulliat, known as Yamabudo in Japan, at the stages of multi-step carcinogenesis. The juice of Vitis coignetiae (Y-grape juice) was antimutagenic toward dimethylbenzo[a]anthracene (DMBA), aflatoxin B1, and benzo[a]pyrene in the Ames test. The Y-grape juice was also antigenotoxic in the micronucleus ...
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