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Kwon Soonho - - 2013
: Provide treatment guidelines for glucocorticoid-induced hyperglycemia and to understand the clinical implications of glucocorticoid-induced hyperglycemia. : The authors analyzed an electronic search (Medline) and a literature review of the pertinent articles published from 1980 to September 2012. : In patients treated with glucocorticoids, the odds ratio for development of ...
Blatter - - 2013
In April 2008 a Franches-Montagnes colt was born with an unusual coat colour phenotype which had never been observed in that population before. The foal showed extended white markings on body and legs, a white head and blue eyes. As both parents have an unremarkable bay coat colour phenotype, a ...
Stein Paul S G - - 2013
Studies of the model systems of spinal cord and brainstem reveal molecular, genetic, and cellular mechanisms that are critical for network and behavioral functions in the nervous system. Recent experiments establish the importance of neurogenetics in revealing cellular and network properties. Breakthroughs that utilize direct visualization of neuronal activity and ...
Benson Stacey M - - 2013
Proper adherence to infection control precautions, including appropriate selection and use of personal protective equipment (PPE), is of significant importance to the health and well-being of perioperative personnel. Surgical masks are intended for use as a barrier to protect the wearer's face from large droplets and splashes of blood and other ...
Pospischil - - 2013
Aim of this study is to present a survey of the dog population and breed distribution in Switzerland from 1955 to 2008 as basis to realize a population based canine cancer register for Switzerland. The number of dogs rose from 309'000 in 1955 to approximately 500'000 in 2008 correlating with ...
Kotey Francesca O - - 2013
Human milk has been found to be beneficial for the development of all newborns. It is protective during the development of the gastrointestinal tract, important in neurologic development, immune system function, and nourishment. Human milk has a number of components that aid in the anti-inflammatory process and free radical reduction ...
Lin Yi-Ting - - 2013
This research focused on a Chinese herb medicine, Solanum lyratum Thunb (Solanaceae) by ethanol extracts (SLE) for investigating the molecular anticancer mechanism in vitro for exploring the means of cell death through the effects on mitochondrial function. We found that SLE induced cytotoxic effects in human osteosacroma U-2 OS cells, ...
Lanfranchi Joy A - - 2013
A code blue in the OR is a low-volume, high-risk event. To be effective during a code blue event, perioperative personnel must be able to properly execute a response plan and perform seldom-used skills and procedures. I developed and implemented a code blue drill educational experience for OR staff members ...
Sarkars Ruma - - 2013
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are chaperones for several client proteins involved in transcriptional regulation, signal transduction, and cell cycle control. HSPs (27, 70, and 90) are abundantly expressed in a wide range of cancers and are transcriptionally regulated by heat shock factor (HSF1). Most of the synthetic HSP inhibitors exhibit ...
Kim Sarang - - 2013
Background: Graduating medical students have reported concern regarding inadequate training in pharmacotherapy. Teaching by clinical pharmacists may improve medical students' pharmacotherapy knowledge. Purpose: To assess the impact of pharmacist led workshops on 4th year medical students' knowledge of pharmacotherapy and satisfaction. Methods: Senior medical students enrolled in intensive care unit ...
Cooley Stacy D - - 2013
Objective-To characterize and quantitatively assess the typical pulmonary anatomy of healthy adult alpacas with multidetector row CT. Animals-10 clinically normal adult female alpacas. Procedures-CT examination of the thorax was performed before and after IV administration of iodinated contrast medium in sedated alpacas in sternal recumbency. Measurements of the trachea, bronchi ...
Liu Chunyi - - 2013
This article reports, for the first time, on the absolute configuration of (+)-9-benzyloxy-α-dihydrotetrabenazine (8), as determined from the perspective of X-ray crystallography. Compound 8 was prepared by a six-step reaction using 3-benzyloxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde (1) as a starting material. The X-ray crystal diffraction structure of two compounds, racemic 9-benzyloxy-tetrabenazine (5) and the ...
Jackson Maria - - 2013
Studies of diet and prostate cancer have focused primarily on food and nutrients; however, dietary patterns examine the overall diet, particularly foods eaten in combination, and risk of disease. We evaluated the association of dietary patterns and prostate cancer and low- and high-grade subgroups in Jamaican men. In a case-control ...
Snapp Barbara - - 2013
Bordetella pertussis is a highly contagious bacterial disease currently on the rise in the United States. The most vulnerable age group is infants younger than 1 year old. The reasons for the current outbreak are multifactorial. The following is a case report describing a recent case of Bordetella pertussis infection ...
Chiu Tsan-Hung - - 2013
Diallyl sulfide (DAS) is a component of garlic (Alliaceae family). Although diallyl polysulfide has been shown to exhibit anticancer activities, no report explored DAS-affected cell death in human cervical cancer cells in vitro. This study investigated DAS affected on cell-cycle regulation and apoptosis in human cervical cancer Ca Ski cells. ...
Ariail Jennie - - 2013
Background: Students often enter graduate healthcare/biomedical schools with insufficient undergraduate instruction in effective writing, yet the ability to write well affects their career opportunities in health care and in scientific research. Purpose: The present study was conducted to determine the value and effectiveness of instruction by faculty with expertise in ...
Risalde María A - - 2013
Objective-To compare pathological changes and viral antigen distribution in tissues of calves with and without preexisting subclinical bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection following challenge with bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1). Animals-24 Friesian calves. Procedures-12 calves were inoculated intranasally with noncytopathic BVDV-1a; 12 days later, 10 of these calves were challenged intranasally ...
Martinez Marina - - 2013
After a complete spinal cord injury (SCI) at the lowest thoracic level (T13), adult cats trained to walk on a treadmill can recover hindlimb locomotion within 2-3 weeks, resulting from the activity of a spinal circuitry termed the central pattern generator (CPG). The role of this spinal circuitry in the ...
Qian Yu - - 2013
Peritubular myoid cells (PMCs) are myofibroblast-like cells that surround the seminiferous tubules and play essential roles in male fertility. How these cells modulate spermatogenesis and the signaling pathways that are involved are largely unknown. Here we report that Lgr4 is selectively expressed in mouse PMCs in the testes, and loss ...
Li Lin - - 2013
To assess dietary isoflavone intake between population and hospital outpatient controls and examine if cancer risks estimated for isoflavone using hospital outpatient controls would be different from those using population controls. Three parallel case-control studies on leukemia, breast, and colorectal cancers in China in 2009-2010 were conducted, using population and ...
Vidaeff Alex C - - 2013
To determine the relation between thrombin generation (measured by thrombin-antithrombin [TAT] complexes) early in pregnancy and subsequent preterm delivery. Select cohort of 731 women undergoing indicated second trimester amniocentesis prospectively followed to delivery. Primary outcome was preterm delivery. TAT levels were examined continuously and categorized by quartiles. Multivariable techniques were ...
Dong Jingmei - - 2013
Purpose: To examine the excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase and the combined effect of glutamine supplementation and diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) on the function of neutrophils induced by overtraining. Methods: Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: control group (C), overtraining ...
Cates Leigh Ann - - 2013
Neonatal nurse practitioners (NNPs) have a crucial role in the management and care of critically ill newborns and infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. Their role responsibilities range from daily management of care, oversight of unit and bedside education, execution of advanced procedures, and attendance at high-risk deliveries. During ...
Del Follo-Martinez Armando - - 2013
Resveratrol and quercetin (RQ) in combination (1:1 ratio) previously inhibited growth in human leukemia cells. This study investigated the anticancer activity of the same mixture in HT-29 colon cancer cells. RQ decreased the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by up to 2.25-fold and increased the antioxidant capacity by up ...
Clauson Kevin A - - 2013
Background: Social media may offer a means to engage students, facilitate collaborative learning, and tailor educational delivery for diverse learning styles. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to characterize social media awareness among pharmacy students and determine perceptions toward integrating these tools in education. Methods: A 23-item survey was ...
Drab Scott - - 2013
: The roles of the diabetes educator (DE) have expanded significantly from the basic instruction on self-care on which the profession was established and now encompass a range of key responsibilities within diabetes care. A major focus of recent literature has been evaluation of the effectiveness of diabetes self-management education ...
Alghamdi Ali Saad Thafeed - - 2013
: This pilot study investigated the efficacy of dental clinics as potent sources for screening diabetes and prediabetes in undiagnosed individuals. : Data were randomly collected from 385 patients (aged 40 years and older) visiting dental clinics. Patients already having a diagnosis of diabetes and/or prediabetes were excluded. Demographic data, ...
Champ Colin E - - 2013
Recent data reveals that dietary factors may influence outcomes in patients undergoing cancer treatment. However, patient-centered information on dietary recommendations is limited. In this study, we assessed dietary recommendations for cancer patients during treatment and survivorship by evaluating the websites of all National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) member institutions. NCCN ...
Mullen Linda - - 2013
Simulation learning provides medical and nursing personnel with the opportunity to develop and refine their skills without putting patients at risk. Faced with ensuring the competence of a large number of new staff members, the management team at one facility implemented a simulation training program. Surgical team members are able ...
Hermayer Kathie L - - 2013
: There is a huge economic burden of diabetes in South Carolina. : The South Carolina Guidelines for Diabetes Care were based on the 2013 Standards of Medical Care from the American Diabetes Association. : From a review of the Diabetes Quality Indicators in South Carolina 2007, Medicare claims data ...
Sherer Renslow - - 2013
Background : In 2008 Wuhan University Medical School in China proposed to reform its curriculum by adapting the curriculum of the University of Chicago Medical School. Description : An assessment of Wuhan University Medical School's traditional curriculum conducted in 2009 informed the reform directions, which included course integration, use of ...
Brooks Christine - - 2013
: The objective of this study was to compare the differences in lipid loss from 24 samples of banked donor human milk (DHM) among 3 feeding methods: DHM given by syringe pump over 1 hour, 2 hours, and by bolus/gravity gavage. : Comparative, descriptive. There were no human subjects. : ...
Williamson Martyn - - 2013
Background: This article describes a simulated General Practice clinic for medical students, which incorporates specific features to aid learning of clinical problem solving. Description: We outline the overall objectives of the simulation, explain the concept, and describe how the clinic works. The clinic is novel in that it utilises clinical ...
Steelman Victoria M - - 2013
Much of the work done by perioperative nurses focuses on patient safety. Perioperative nurses are aware that unreported near misses occur every day, and they use that knowledge to prioritize activities to protect the patient. The purpose of this study was to identify the highest priority patient safety issues reported ...
Mann Brenda - - 2013
: The purpose of this multisite study was to describe suctioning techniques of registered nurses (RNs) and respiratory therapists (RTs) caring for neonates requiring nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). The care practices investigated included suctioning frequency, assessment parameters, and techniques used to suction. : A convenience sample of neonatal ...
Kaczmarczyk Joseph M - - 2013
Background: This article, prepared by the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics Undergraduate Medical Education Committee, discusses the evolving challenges facing medical educators posed by social media and a new form of professionalism that has been termed e-professionalism. Summary: E-professionalism is defined as the attitudes and behaviors that reflect ...
Nieto Jorge E - - 2013
Objective-To determine the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of zoledronic acid in horses. Animals-8 healthy horses. Procedures-A single dose of zoledronic acid (0.057 mg/kg, IV) was administered during a 30-minute period. Venous blood was collected at several time points. Zoledronic acid concentration in plasma was measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, ...
Darvesh Altaf S - - 2013
The prophylactic and therapeutic properties of tea have been attributed to green tea catechins and black tea theaflavins besides several other polyphenolic compounds. Tea polyphenols possess potent antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties and modulate several signaling pathways. These biochemical facets of tea polyphenols are responsible for its anticancer properties. Several lethal ...
Tonkin Laura R - - 2013
Objective-To determine whether soybean oil emulsion has an in vitro effect on platelet aggregation and thromboelastography in blood samples obtained from healthy dogs. Animals-12 healthy adult dogs. Procedures-Blood samples were collected from each dog into tubes containing EDTA, hirudin, or sodium citrate for a CBC, collagen- and ADP-induced impedance aggregometry, ...
Bardoni Rita - - 2013
Sensory information transmitted to the spinal cord dorsal horn is modulated by a complex network of excitatory and inhibitory interneurons. The two main inhibitory transmitters, GABA and glycine, control the flow of sensory information mainly by regulating the excitability of dorsal horn neurons. A presynaptic action of GABA has also ...
do Monte Zenaide S - - 2013
A simple, rapid, and sensitive method for the analysis of paroxetine, in tablets as well as the pure drug, by circular dichroism is described. The method was validated for repeatability, linearity, limit of detection, limit of quantification, and recovery according to the International Conference on Harmonization guidelines. Excellent results were ...
Karunasinghe Nishi - - 2013
Selenium (Se) supplementation was tested in a group of healthy men from Auckland, New Zealnd with selenized yeast (Selplex, 200 μg/day) as the supplementation mode. A set of biomarkers, including DNA damage levels and seleno-antioxidant enzyme levels, were evaluated at pre- and postsupplementation time points. Supplementation produced significant increases in serum ...
Wilkes Michael S - - 2013
The authors reflect on the creation of the Doctoring program at the UCLA School of Medicine two decades ago. Although Doctoring-at UCLA and other institutions where it has been implemented-has successfully taught large numbers of students psychosocial content and communications skills that are often overlooked in traditional medical school curricula ...
Wang Jiamin - - 2013
Protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha (PTPα) functions as an activator of Src by dephosphorylating Tyr527/530, a critical negative regulatory site. The increase of PTPα catalytic activity requires its phosphorylation at Ser180 and/or Ser204 and its dissociation from PTPα/Grb2 complex. Here, we show that epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation increases the ability ...
Torres Bryan T - - 2013
Objective-To compare overground and treadmill-based gaits of dogs. Animals -5 clinically normal adult mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-To obtain dynamic gait data, 30 retroreflective markers were affixed bilaterally to specific regions of the hind limbs and pelvis of each dog. For each dog, 3-D joint motion data (sagittal [flexion and extension], transverse ...
Jablonski Angela M - - 2013
The neuronal dendritic tree is a key determinant of how neurons receive, compute, and transmit information. During early postnatal life, synaptic activity promotes dendrite elaboration. Spinal motor neurons utilize GluA1-containing AMPA (2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-5-methyl-isoxazol-4-yl) propanoic acid) receptors (AMPA-R) to control this process. This form of developmental dendrite growth can occur independently of ...
Sutton Shauna - - 2013
During the initiation of a new robotic surgery program, a quality improvement team explored different techniques for positioning patients in the lithotomy and steep Trendelenburg position during robot-assisted procedures. Concerns associated with placing patients in the steep Trendelenburg position include the patient slipping toward the head of the bed and ...
- - 2013
: The Diabetes Initiative of South Carolina (DSC) is charged with the development of guidelines for the management of diabetes and supporting adherence to evidence-based standards for education and care. The DSC is committed to lowering the burden of diabetes in the state through translation of evidence-based standards of clinical ...
Kim Woong - - 2013
Objective-To investigate histomorphometric changes in the cartilage and subchondral bone of the third carpal bone associated with conditioning exercise in young Thoroughbreds. Animals-Nine 18-month-old Thoroughbreds. Procedures-Both third carpal bones of 9 horses (4 exercised spontaneously at pasture only and 5 given additional conditioning exercise beginning at a mean age of ...
Momose-Sato Yoko - - 2013
Spontaneous embryonic movements, called embryonic motility, are produced by correlated spontaneous activity in the cranial and spinal nerves, which is driven by brainstem and spinal networks. Using optical imaging with a voltage-sensitive dye, we revealed previously in the chick and rat embryos that this correlated activity is a widely propagating ...
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