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Gültekin Salih Sinan - - 2013
The authors investigated the efficacy of the patient-dependent practices (micturition, defecation, and taking a shower) after I ablation therapy in patients with thyroid cancer. Exposure rates were measured from a 1-m distance at 2, 4, and 24 h after the I administration. The comparisons for 2-4 h and 2-24 h ...
Green Justin M JM Center for Musculoskeletal Research, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. - - 2013
Wear debris-induced osteolysis remains the greatest limitation of long-term success for total joint replacements with ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) bearings. To address oxidative degradation post-gamma irradiation, manufacturers are investigating the incorporation of antioxidants into PE resins. Similarly, larger molecular weight monomers have been developed to increase crosslinking and decrease ...
McKenna T - - 2013
Experience and studies show that for an emergency at a nuclear power plant involving severe core damage or damage to the fuel in spent fuel pools, the following actions may need to be taken in order to prevent severe deterministic health effects and reduce stochastic health effects: (1) precautionary protective ...
Huang Che-Nan - - 2013
Calcaneal lengthening is a popular surgical treatment for pronated foot deformity. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of medial column stabilization in improving the results of calcaneal lengthening for pronated foot deformity in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy. Twenty-one consecutive (37 feet) children with cerebral palsy ...
Pallanti Stefano - - 2013
The clinical relevance of anxiety disorders in schizophrenia has been neglected for a long time and has only recently become the subject of a systematic investigation, although its consequences may have a very negative impact on the outcome and considerably worsen the trajectory of the disease. This could be originally ...
Barbosa Raquel H - - 2013
To identify constitutional alterations of the retinoblastoma 1 gene (RB1) in two cohorts of Brazilian patients with retinoblastoma and to analyze genotype-phenotype associations. Molecular screening was carried out by direct sequencing of the 27 RB1 exons and flanking regions in blood DNA of 71 patients with retinoblastoma and 4 relatives ...
Kim Dong Wook - - 2013
The authors assessed the radiation-induced cancer risk due to organ doses from kilovoltage (kV) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), a verification technique in image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT). CBCTs were performed for three different treatment sites: the head and neck, chest, and pelvis. Using a glass dosimeter, primary doses versus depth were ...
Cohen Adam L AL Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA. - - 2013
Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1 and 2, originally discovered in 2008, occur in the vast majority of low-grade gliomas and secondary high-grade gliomas. These mutations, which occur early in gliomagenesis, change the function of the enzymes, causing them to produce 2-hydroxyglutarate, a possible oncometabolite, and to not produce NADPH. ...
Daniels Jeffrey I - - 2013
The Project Rulison underground nuclear test was a proof-of-concept experiment that was conducted under the Plowshare Program in 1969 in the Williams Fork Formation of the Piceance Basin in west-central Colorado. Today, commercial production of natural gas is possible from low permeability, natural gas bearing formations like that of the ...
Hanrieder Jörg J National Center for Imaging Mass Spectrometry, Gothenburg University and Chalmers University of Technology , Gothenburg, - - 2013
Imaging mass spectrometry is an emerging technique of great potential for investigating the chemical architecture in biological matrices. Although the potential for studying neurobiological systems is evident, the relevance of the technique for application in neuroscience is still in its infancy. In the present Review, a principal overview of the ...
Swangchan-Uthai Theerawat T Reproduction Group, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Herts AL9 7TA, - - 2013
Uterine inflammation occurs after calving in association with extensive endometrial remodelling and bacterial contamination. If the inflammation persists, it leads to reduced fertility. Chronic endometritis is highly prevalent in high-yielding cows that experience negative energy balance (NEB) in early lactation. This study investigated the effect of NEB on the antimicrobial ...
Parker Jennifer J Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, - - 2013
Genetic and microarray analyses have provided useful information in the area of plant and pathogen interactions. Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 (Pst) causes bacterial speck disease in tomato. Previous studies have shown that changes in response to pathogen infection at transcript level are variable at different time points. This study ...
Selvaraju Subhashini S Department of Chemistry, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078-3071, - - 2013
A fully integrated platform was developed for capturing/fractionating human fucome from disease-free and breast cancer sera. It comprised a multicolumn operated by HPLC pumps and switching valves for the simultaneous depletion of high abundance proteins via affinity-based subtraction and the capturing of fucosylated glycoproteins via lectin affinity chromatography followed by ...
Master Alyssa A Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, 2071 Martin Luther King Blvd, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United - - 2013
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) holds great promise for the treatment of head and neck (H&N) carcinomas where repeated loco-regional therapy often becomes necessary due to the highly aggressive and recurrent nature of the cancers. While interstitial light delivery technologies are being refined for PDT of H&N and other cancers, a parallel ...
Principe Simona S Ontario Cancer Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, - - 2013
Expressed prostatic secretions (EPS) are proximal fluids of the prostate that are increasingly being utilized as a clinical source for diagnostic and prognostic assays for prostate cancer (PCa). These fluids contain an abundant amount of microvesicles reflecting the secretory function of the prostate gland, and their protein composition remains poorly ...
Singh Anjali A Division of AIDS, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-7628, USA. - - 2013
Alloimmunization vaccine strategies propose to avoid the problem of the extreme antigenic variability of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by instead focusing on the cellular antigens incorporated into HIV virions as they bud from infected cells. This report summarizes a Consultation meeting convened by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious ...
Östensson Ellinor - - 2013
Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is not currently used in primary cervical cancer screening in Sweden, and corresponding cost-effectiveness is unclear. From a societal perspective, to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of high-risk (HR)-HPV testing using self-collected vaginal samples. A cost-effectiveness analysis. The Swedish organized cervical cancer screening program. We constructed a model ...
Lucero Constanza C Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, - - 2013
The reduction of risk of non-AIDS events after combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) initiation and the crude incidence rate (CIR) of these events in patients who control the viral load without cART (controllers) in a cohort of 574 antiretroviral-naive patients with a baseline CD4 T cell count above 500 cells/mm³ were ...
Elokely Khaled M KM Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi 38677, - - 2013
Computational tools are essential in the drug design process, especially in order to take advantage of the increasing numbers of solved X-ray and NMR protein-ligand structures. Nowadays, molecular docking methods are routinely used for prediction of protein-ligand interactions and to aid in selecting potent molecules as a part of virtual ...
Kapoor Arun A Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology, Institute of Cellular and Organismic Biology , Academia Sinica, Taipei, - - 2013
Retinoic acid (RA)-elicited signaling has been shown to play critical roles in development, organogenesis, and the immune response. RA regulates expression of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related genes and attenuates amyloid pathology in a transgenic mouse model. In this study, we investigated whether RA can suppress the production of amyloid-β (Aβ) through ...
Colaneri Michael J MJ Department of Chemistry and Physics, State University of New York at Old Westbury, Old Westbury, New York 11568, USA. - - 2013
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was used to study Cu(II) dynamic behavior in a doped biological model crystal, bis(L-histidinato)cadmium dihydrate, in order to gain better insight into copper site stability in metalloproteins. Temperature-dependent changes in the low temperature X-band EPR spectra became visible around 100 K and continued up to ...
Kline Chelsey D CD Institute of Environmental, Health, Oregon Health and Sciences University, Beaverton, Oregon 97006, - - 2013
Peptidylglycine monooxygenase is a copper-containing enzyme that catalyzes the amidation of neuropeptides hormones, the first step of which is the conversion of a glycine-extended pro-peptide to its α-hydroxyglcine intermediate. The enzyme contains two mononuclear Cu centers termed CuM (ligated to imidazole nitrogens of H242, H244 and the thioether S of ...
Lu Ping P The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Chemistry and, Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, United - - 2013
This article presents a simple and reliable method for generating polystyrene (PS) yarns composed of bundles of nanofibrils by using a proper combination of solvent and relative humidity. We elucidated the mechanism responsible for the formation of this new morphology by systematically investigating the molecular interactions among the polymer, solvent(s), ...
Campbell James O - - 2013
Objective-To assess the feasibility of measuring cord dorsum potentials (CDPs) in anesthetized clinically normal dogs after caudal nerve stimulation, determine the intervertebral site of maximum amplitude and best waveform of the CDP, and evaluate the effects of neuromuscular blockade. Animals-8 male and 4 female dogs (age, 1 to 5 years). ...
Sipe Conor W CW Department of Cell Biology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2013
The V-shaped hair bundles atop auditory hair cells and their uniform orientation are manifestations of epithelial planar cell polarity (PCP) required for proper perception of sound. PCP is regulated at the tissue level by a conserved core Wnt/PCP pathway. However, the hair cell-intrinsic polarity machinery is poorly understood. Recent findings ...
Nascimento de Sousa Patricia - - 2013
The effect of resistance strength training on different phases of reactive postural responses to upright-stance perturbation was assessed in elderly women. Perturbation to body balance was produced by fast arm movements aiming at lifting different loads in either certain or uncertain contexts. Results from center-of-pressure analysis showed that lifting a ...
Vidaeff Alex C - - 2013
To determine the relation between thrombin generation (measured by thrombin-antithrombin [TAT] complexes) early in pregnancy and subsequent preterm delivery. Select cohort of 731 women undergoing indicated second trimester amniocentesis prospectively followed to delivery. Primary outcome was preterm delivery. TAT levels were examined continuously and categorized by quartiles. Multivariable techniques were ...
Dong Jingmei - - 2013
Purpose: To examine the excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase and the combined effect of glutamine supplementation and diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) on the function of neutrophils induced by overtraining. Methods: Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: control group (C), overtraining ...
Jain Siddharth S SEPT: South Essex Partnership - - 2013
Melatonin is widely used for sleep disorders in patients with a range of developmental disorders and neurodisabilities, who also frequently have epilepsy. The aim of our review was to examine published data to assess the evidence for melatonin affecting seizure control. The literature search revealed 26 papers apparently reporting an ...
Green Jonas - - 2013
Background: Stewardship is an important aspect of medical care to which little formal attention is paid during training. Purpose: The goal is to evaluate stewardship practices of internal medicine residents and the relationship of resident refusal to provide requested nonindicated care with levels of confidence and bother. Methods: Cross-sectional survey ...
Bracht Marianne - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to develop, implement, and evaluate a parent education and support program that enhances family-integrated care in a Canadian neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A total of 39 mothers of infants born at 35 or fewer weeks' gestation were enrolled in the pilot program. We ...
Pospischil - - 2013
Aim of this study is to present a survey of the dog population and breed distribution in Switzerland from 1955 to 2008 as basis to realize a population based canine cancer register for Switzerland. The number of dogs rose from 309'000 in 1955 to approximately 500'000 in 2008 correlating with ...
Benson Stacey M - - 2013
Proper adherence to infection control precautions, including appropriate selection and use of personal protective equipment (PPE), is of significant importance to the health and well-being of perioperative personnel. Surgical masks are intended for use as a barrier to protect the wearer's face from large droplets and splashes of blood and other ...
Cox Daniel J DJ Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA. - - 2013
Diabetes affects over 25 million people in the United States, most of whom are over the age of 16 and many of whom are licensed to drive a motor vehicle. Safe operation of a motor vehicle requires complex interactions of cognitive and motor functions and medical conditions that affect these ...
Deuber Charlene - - 2013
: Supplemental oxygen plays a critical role in the care of infants born at the lower limits of viability, but not without the risk of morbidity resulting from high levels or prolonged exposure. : The purpose of this quality improvement project was to reduce exposure to hyperoxia as evidenced by ...
Markert Ronald J - - 2013
Background: Medical journal articles often contain imprecise and inaccurate statistical methods and terminology that inhibit effective teaching and learning in medical education. Summary: Examples are used for ten flaws dealing with research design and methods and statistical analysis. Conclusions: If these inaccurate and inappropriate usages are avoided, teaching and learning ...
Begley Carolyn C Indiana University School of Optometry, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to test the association between tear film fluorescence changes during tear break-up (TBU) or thinning and the concurrent ocular sensory response. Sixteen subjects kept one eye open as long as possible (MBI), indicated their discomfort level continuously, and rated ocular sensations of irritation, stinging, ...
Drab Scott - - 2013
: The roles of the diabetes educator (DE) have expanded significantly from the basic instruction on self-care on which the profession was established and now encompass a range of key responsibilities within diabetes care. A major focus of recent literature has been evaluation of the effectiveness of diabetes self-management education ...
Stuempfle Kristin J - - 2013
Context: Gastrointestinal (GI) distress is common during ultrarunning. Purpose: To determine if race diet is related to GI distress in a 161-km ultramarathon. Methods: Fifteen (10 male, 5 female) consenting runners in the Javelina Jundred (6.5 loops on a desert trail) participated. Body mass was measured immediately prerace and after ...
Woods Katharine S - - 2013
Objective-To compare the diagnostic quality of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid acquired from healthy dogs by manual aspiration via polyethylene tubing (MAPT) and via suction pump aspiration (SPA) with a suction trap connection. Animals-12 healthy adult Beagles. Procedures-BAL was performed with bronchoscopic guidance in anesthetized dogs. The MAPT was performed with ...
Vallstedt Anna - - 2013
During neuronal circuit formation, axons are guided to their targets by the help of axon guidance molecules, which are required for establishing functional circuits. A promising system to dissect the development and functionalities of neuronal circuitry is the spinal cord central pattern generator (CPG) for locomotion, which converts a tonic ...
Brewer Cameron P - - 2013
Research into supplementation with sodium phosphate has not investigated the effects of a repeated supplementation phase. Therefore, this study examined the potential additive effects of repeated sodium phosphate (SP) supplementation on cycling time-trial performance and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak). Trained male cyclists (N = 9, M ± SD VO2peak = ...
Fredholm Daniel V - - 2013
Objective-To determine the pharmacokinetics of meloxicam (1 mg/kg) in rabbits after oral administration of single and multiple doses. Animals-6 healthy rabbits. Procedures-A single dose of meloxicam (1 mg/kg, PO) was administered to the rabbits. After a 10-day washout period, meloxicam (1 mg/kg, PO) was administered to rabbits every 24 hours ...
Birkholz Oliver - - 2013
The central nervous system is composed of segmental units (neuromeres), the size and complexity of which evolved in correspondence to their functional requirements. In Drosophila, neuromeres develop from populations of neural stem cells (neuroblasts) that delaminate from the early embryonic neuroectoderm in a stereotyped spatial and temporal pattern. Pattern units ...
Arimoto-Kobayashi Sakae - - 2013
Our study revealed the inhibitory effect of Vitis coignetiae Pulliat, known as Yamabudo in Japan, at the stages of multi-step carcinogenesis. The juice of Vitis coignetiae (Y-grape juice) was antimutagenic toward dimethylbenzo[a]anthracene (DMBA), aflatoxin B1, and benzo[a]pyrene in the Ames test. The Y-grape juice was also antigenotoxic in the micronucleus ...
Kotey Francesca O - - 2013
Human milk has been found to be beneficial for the development of all newborns. It is protective during the development of the gastrointestinal tract, important in neurologic development, immune system function, and nourishment. Human milk has a number of components that aid in the anti-inflammatory process and free radical reduction ...
Lin Yi-Ting - - 2013
This research focused on a Chinese herb medicine, Solanum lyratum Thunb (Solanaceae) by ethanol extracts (SLE) for investigating the molecular anticancer mechanism in vitro for exploring the means of cell death through the effects on mitochondrial function. We found that SLE induced cytotoxic effects in human osteosacroma U-2 OS cells, ...
Sulaiman Syed Azhar Syed - - 2013
: Concurrent diabetes mellitus (DM) with tuberculosis (TB) has an increased risk of treatment failure. This study was aimed to evaluate treatment outcomes in patients with TB with and without DM. : A retrospective cohort study was conducted at respiratory clinic of Hospital Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. All TB-registered patients from ...
Black Katherine Elizabeth - - 2013
Blood sodium concentration of tetraplegics during exercise has not been investigated. This study aimed to measure blood sodium changes in relation to fluid intakes and thermal comfort in tetraplegics during wheelchair rugby training. Twelve international male wheelchair rugby players volunteered, and measures were taken during 2 training sessions. Body mass, ...
Ogg Mary J - - 2013
Eye examinations for health care personnel using lasers Key words: lasers, eye examinations, laser eye injuries. The difference between a laser safety specialist and a laser safety site contact Key words: laser, laser safety specialist, laser safety site contact, laser safety officer. Isolation precautions during care of a patient with ...
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