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Results 451 - 500 of 3209
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Chesney Dana L - - 2013
Prior knowledge in the domain of mathematics can sometimes interfere with learning and performance in that domain. One of the best examples of this phenomenon is in students' difficulties solving equations with operations on both sides of the equal sign. Elementary school children in the U.S. typically acquire incorrect, operational ...
Jafri Syed H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation has been linked with cancer development, cancer cachexia and poor outcome. Advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) was developed to assess degree of systemic inflammation at the time of diagnosis in metastatic non-small cell lung (NSCLC) cancer patients. METHODS: In a single institution retrospective review 173 patients ...
Crowder Spencer W - - 2013
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of electrically conductive, biocompatible composite scaffolds in modulating the cardiomyogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Materials & methods: Electrospun scaffolds of poly(ε-caprolactone) with or without carbon nanotubes were developed to promote the in vitro cardiac differentiation of hMSCs. Results: Results indicate that hMSC ...
Green Jonathan - - 2013
Theory and evidence suggest the potential value of prodromal intervention for infants at risk of developing autism. We report an initial case series (n = 8) of a parent-mediated, video-aided and interaction-focused intervention with infant siblings of autistic probands, beginning at 8-10 months of age. We outline the theory and evidence base behind ...
Ciccacci Cinzia - - 2013
MicroRNAs are small single-stranded molecules that have emerged as important genomic regulators in different pathways. Different studies have shown that they are implicated in the metabolism and glucose homeostasis, and therefore, they could also be involved in the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The aim ...
Siqueira Guilherme Oliveira - - 2013
Zinc sulphide was obtained through hydrothermal decomposition of [Zn(S2CNEt2)] under different experimental conditions such as temperatures and reaction times. Hydrothermal reactions were carried out in a stainless steel autoclave at 160, 180 and 200 °C for 3, 6 and 24 hours. The obtained products were characterized using X-ray diffraction, scanning ...
Mondelli Rafael Francisco - - 2013
The available options for restoring multiple surface cavities are: amalgam, composite resin, or indirect restorations. Adhesive system and intradentinal pin-retained composite resin restorations should have a similar performance to pin-retained amalgam, regarding resistance to support occlusal forces. Polymerization shrinkage is a major concern when performing direct posterior composite resin restorations ...
Kos F T - - 2013
Objective: There are some data regarding the role of cystatin C, a cysteine proteinase inhibitor, in determining the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) more accurately. We aimed to evaluate the correlation of serum cystatin C levels with the serum creatinine levels and GFR calculated by Cockcroft-Gault and modification of diet in ...
Wojcinski Sebastian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Lesions of the breast that are classified BI-RADS(R)-US 3 by ultrasound are probably benign and observation is recommended, although malignancy may occasionally occur.In our study, we focus exclusively on BI-RADS(R)-US 3 lesions and hypothesize that sonoelastography as an adjunct to conventional ultrasound can identify a high-risk-group and a low-risk-group ...
Zheng Tingting - - 2013
Sets of complementary lipidated coiled-coil forming peptides that fuse membrane fusion have been designed. The influence of the coiled-coil motif on the rate of liposome fusion was studied, by varying the number of heptad repeats. We found that an increased coiled-coil stability of complementary peptides translates into increased rates of ...
Yi Ju Won - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the radiological healing process after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of humeral shaft fractures with plate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the data of 53 consecutive patients who had undergone rigid plate fixation of OTA 12 A or B humeral ...
Lenicek Krleza J - - 2013
Refeeding syndrome (RFS) is a well-described state of the series of metabolic and biochemical changes that can occur during the feeding of malnourished persons. The shifts in fluids and electrolytes can lead to complications during artificial feeding, which if not recognised and untreated can lead to death. Although the physiology ...
Moro Cécile - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We have shown previously that near-infrared light (NIr) treatment or photobiomodulation neuroprotects dopaminergic cells in substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) from degeneration induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) in Balb/c albino mice, a well-known model for Parkinson's disease. The present study explores whether NIr treatment offers neuroprotection to these cells in ...
Karimiani Ehsan Ghayoor - - 2013
Molecular diagnostics in haematological malignancies continues to advance towards more personalized treatment and accordingly demand is increasing for procedures providing quantitative analyses of heterogeneous tissue in malignancies. Circulating leukaemic cells are diverse and comprise discrete clonal populations arising from a common progenitor cell. Some of the current diagnostic techniques possess ...
Tarabar Olivera - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Published data indicate that common genetic variants in immune/inflammatory response genes can affect the outcome of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). This study investigated the association of interleukin (IL)-10 (-3575, -1082), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α -308 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β Leu10Pro gene polymorphisms with clinical characteristics and outcome ...
Zhao Yang - - 2013
This retrospective analysis of hip fracture patients with and without muscle atrophy/weakness (MAW) revealed that those with MAW had significantly higher healthcare utilization and costs compared with hip fracture patients without MAW. Examine the demographics, clinical characteristics, and healthcare resource utilization and costs of hip fracture patients with and without ...
Pritchard Janet M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The risk of experiencing an osteoporotic fracture is greater for adults with type 2 diabetes despite higher than normal bone mineral density (BMD). In addition to BMD, trabecular bone microarchitecture contributes to bone strength, but is not assessed using conventional BMD measurement by dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The aim ...
Regad Tarik - - 2013
Melanoma is a malignant tumor of melanocytes that can spread to other organs of the body, resulting in severe and/or lethal malignancies. Melanocytes are pigment-producing cells found in the deep layer of the epidermis and are originated from melanocytes stem cells through a cellular process called melanogenesis. Several genes and ...
Roberts C A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Deficits in executive functions such as access to semantic/long-term memory have been shown in ecstasy users in previous research. Equally, there have been many reports of equivocal findings in this area. The current study sought to further investigate behavioural and electro-physiological measures of this executive function in ecstasy users. ...
Kroon Jojanneke S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence rates (IRs) of bipolar I and bipolar II disorders in the general population according to sociodemographic population characteristics. METHODS: A cohort study (during the years 1996-2007) was conducted in a general practitioners research database with a longitudinal electronic record of 800000 patients throughout the Netherlands ...
Chen Longyan - - 2013
Quantum dots (QDs) have been encapsulated within gelatin nanoparticles (GNPs), which gives GNPs fluorescent properties and improves the biocompatibility of QDs. Hydrophilic CdSe QDs were produced through thermodecomposition following the ligand-exchange method, and were then encapsulated in GNPs. The results of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy show ...
Clark Amanda - - 2013
Biodegradable polymer scaffolds are being extensively investigated for uses in tissue engineering because of their versatility in fabrication methods and range of achievable chemical and mechanical properties. In this study, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) was used to make various types of microspheres that were processed into porous scaffolds that possessed a ...
Cai Gang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: T cell antiviral function is impaired during chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Programmed death-1 (PD-1) impairs antiviral T cell responses, but dysfunction is not always reversed by blockade of PD-1 pathway. Whether distinct T cell populations expressing different sets of inhibitory molecules exist has not been determined. METHODS: We studied ...
Zamani F - - 2013
Since spinal cord injury is a complicated problem, neural tissue repair and regeneration strategies have received a great deal of attention. In this study, a 3D nanofibrous core-sheath scaffold with nanorough sheath and aligned core were fabricated by a combined electrospinning method with water vortex and two-nozzle system. In-vitro and ...
Alencar Allan K N - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pulmonary hypertension is characterized by enhanced pulmonary vascular resistance, right ventricular hypertrophy, and increased right ventricular systolic pressure. Here, we investigated the effects of a N-acylhydrazone derivative, 3,4-dimethoxyphenyl-N-methyl-benzoilidrazide (LASSBio-1359), on the therapeutic treatment of monocrotaline induced pulmonary hypertension in rats. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Male Wistar rats were divided ...
Song Xiaolu - - 2013
Deprotonation of functional salicylaldimines with NaH invariably results in cubane or double-cubane Na(i) aggregates which transmetallate with Ni(ii) under different stoichiometric conditions to give Ni(ii) complexes that are catalytically active towards ethylene oligomerisation.
Demir Tuğçe - - 2013
Total of 171 alkaliphilic actinomycetes were evaluated for extracellular RNase production and Streptomyces sp. M49-1 was selected for further experiments. Fermentation optimization for RNase production was implemented in two steps using response surface methodology with central composite design. In the first step, the effect of independent fermentation variables including temperature, ...
Matias Ambrocio Melvin A - - 2013
Integration of genetic connectivity information in effective marine reserve (MR) design is important in sustaining marine biodiversity. Here, genetic connectivity based on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of three reef fish species, namely Epinephelus merra (n = 67; 32 from Bolinao, 14 from Alaminos, and 21 from Masinloc), Parupeneus multifasciatus (n = 23; 12 from Bolinao ...
Shellaiah Muthaiah - - 2013
Simple pyridyl-salicylimine derivatives (, and ) are reported for the first time as fluorescence "turn-on" sensors for distinct detections of Zn(2+), Al(3+) and OH(-) ions in mixed-aqueous media CH3CN/H2O with volume ratios of 6/4 and 3/7 (at pH = 7 and 25 °C) via internal charge transfer (ICT), chelation enhanced ...
Upshaw Jenica - - 2013
The aging population and an epidemic of heart failure have led to an increasing volume of noncardiac surgical procedures being performed in patients with heart failure. Knowledge pertaining to perioperative risk stratification and management among this diverse and complex cohort of patients has therefore become increasingly important. Most available data ...
Moiseyenko Vladimir M - - 2013
Sensitivity of gastric cancer (GC) to conventional cytotoxic therapy may be at least in part attributed to molecular features of the tumor cells. We analyzed all patients with metastatic GC treated in the N.N. Petrov Institute of Oncology (St. Petersburg) within years 1999-2010 and identified 65 cases with evaluable treatment ...
Oelgiesser Dan - - 2013
Objective: To report a multidisciplinary treatment of gemination/fusion of the left maxillary first incisor. Case Report: An 11-year-old boy presented to our clinic with the chief complaint of an unpleasant appearance of his anterior teeth. Clinical and radiographic evaluation revealed gemination/fusion of the left maxillary first incisor combined with an ...
Gerhardt Andrea - - 2013
The risk of premature manifestation of cardiovascular disease is higher in women after a maternal placental syndrome, especially with a history of fetal IUGR. Aim of the study was to assess hereditary risk factors for arterial thrombosis as risk factors for IUGR. 183 women with fetal IUGR birth weight below ...
Ren Fuzeng - - 2013
A combined experimental and computational approach was employed to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of characterizing carbonated apatite (CAp) by infrared (IR) spectroscopy. First, an experimental comparative study was conducted to identify characteristic IR vibrational bands of carbonate substitution in the apatite lattice. The IR spectra of pure hydroxyapatite (HA), ...
Filiberti Rosa - - 2013
CYFRA 21-1 and CEA have been applied for the differential diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). The soluble mesothelin-related peptide (SMRP) has been proposed as a specific marker for distinguishing MPM from benign diseases and other malignancies in pleural effusions (PEs). In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of SMRP ...
Müggler Simon A - - 2013
We admitted a 42 year old woman with clinical signs of shock, coma, and ecg changes consistent with a ST elevation myocardial infarction to percutaneous coronary intervention. Normal coronary arteries were found. Due to the comatose state a cranial computed tomography scan was performed, where a subarachnoid hemorrhage was detected. ...
Wang Yanping - - 2013
Various factors can affect the functions of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). However, little knowledge is available about the effects of estrogen deficiency on the differentiation of DPSCs. In this study, an estrogen-deficient rat model was constructed and multi-colony-derived DPSCs were obtained from the incisors of ovariectomized (OVX) or sham-operated ...
Steffan Jean - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the ciclosporin dose-tapering regimen and clinical response in the treatment of feline hypersensitivity dermatitis. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To test a dose-tapering regimen and assess efficacy and clinical safety for up to 18 weeks. ANIMALS: Eighty-eight client-owned cats with feline hypersensitivity dermatitis. METHODS: Cats that received either a ...
Flessa Fabienne - - 2013
Restriction fragment length polymorphism tools is an R application which supports a complete workflow of polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), dealing with the problems which accompany analysis when PCR-RFLP is used in diversity studies. Large numbers of different RFLP samples obtained from multiple electrophoresis runs might lead to ...
Stoloff Kevin - - 2013
Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a higher prevalence of common mental disorders (CMD), as compared with heterosexual men. HIV infection is independently associated with higher rates of CMD. Given this context, and the high background community prevalence of HIV in South Africa, MSM are at even greater ...
Pan Min - - 2013
Uniparental disomy (UPD) is an uncommon chromosome condition, but UPD involving chromosome 21 is rarely reported. We reported here a case who had first trimester screening test for Down syndrome, chorionic villus sampling for fetal karyotyping, quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR), as well as non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) by ...
Muggia Lucia - - 2013
Development of characteristic thallus structures in lichen-forming fungi requires the association with suitable photoautotrophic partners. Previous work suggests that fungi have a specific range of compatible photobionts and that selected algal strains also correlate with the habitat conditions. We selected the rock-inhabiting crust lichen Protoparmeliopsis muralis, which exhibits high flexibility ...
Cheng Liang-Chien - - 2013
With the advancements in nanotechnology, studies on the synthesis, modification, application, and toxicology evaluation of nanomaterials are gaining increased attention. In particular, the applications of nanomaterials in biological systems are attracting considerable interest because of their unique, tunable, and versatile physicochemical properties. Artificially engineered nanomaterials can be well controlled for ...
Zhang Liangliang - - 2013
Based on the inhibition of double strand DNA (dsDNA) templated fluorescent copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) by pyrophosphate (PPi), a novel label-free turn-on fluorescent strategy to detect alkaline phosphatase (ALP) under physiological conditions has been developed. This method relies on the strong interaction between PPi and Cu2+, which would hamper the effective ...
Feng Shien-Ping - - 2013
A cost-effective and reliable Ni-Au contact on nanostructured Bi2Te3-based alloys for a solar thermoelectric generator (STEG) is reported. The use of MPS SAMs creates a strong covalent binding and more nucleation sites with even distribution for electroplating contact electrodes on nanostructured thermoelectric materials. A reliable high-performance flat-panel STEG can be ...
Hu Liang - - 2013
The paper reports robust ferromagnetic Cu-doped ZnO micron-scale polycrystalline films via spin-coating using high-quality doped nanocrystals. A reliable magnetic response is observed in the 900 °C vacuum annealed film without any ferromagnetic contribution from other sources. Post-annealing treatment in terms of atmosphere and temperature can control the proportion of oxygen ...
van der Pol Peggy - - 2013
AIMS: To compare the prevalence of mental disorders between frequent cannabis users with and without dependence and the general population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison of interview data. SETTING: Enriched community sample of frequent cannabis users and a representative sample of non-users and non-frequent users from the general population. PARTICIPANTS: 521 young ...
Liu Feng - - 2013
In conventional photostimulable storage phosphors, the optical information written by x-ray or ultraviolet irradiation is usually read out as a visible photostimulated luminescence (PSL) signal under the stimulation of a low-energy light with appropriate wavelength. Unlike the transient PSL, here we report a new optical read-out form, photostimulated persistent luminescence ...
Carotenuto Marco - - 2013
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is one of the most common autosomal dominant disorders with a prevalence of one in 4,000 people worldwide, associated with many neurological comorbidities, such as headache. Despite the high prevalence of headache in this population, little data exist regarding the classification of headaches experienced by patients ...
de Hoyos Adalberto - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Cardiology is characterized by its state-of-the-art biomedical technology and the predominance of Evidence-Based Medicine. This predominance makes it difficult for healthcare professionals to deal with the ethical dilemmas that emerge in this subspecialty. This paper is a first endeavor to empirically investigate the axiological foundations of the healthcare professionals ...
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