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Werner Jens Martin JM Liver Diseases Branch, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, DHHS, Bethesda, - - 2013
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection typically results in chronic disease with HCV outpacing antiviral immune responses. Here we asked whether innate immune responses are induced in healthcare workers who are exposed to small amounts of HCV, but do not develop systemic infection and acute liver disease. Twelve healthcare workers with ...
Teng Gim Gee GG University Medicine Cluster, National University Health System, and Yong Loo School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, - - 2013
Western studies suggest that beverages may affect serum urate (SU) levels, but data from Asian populations are scarce. We evaluated the associations between beverages and SU levels in Singaporean Chinese. The study population consisted of 483 subjects ages 45-74 years from the Singapore Chinese Health Study cohort, recruited between 1993 ...
Smith Kenneth J KJ Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2013
Although prior randomized trials have demonstrated that procalcitonin-guided antibiotic therapy effectively reduces antibiotic use in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), uncertainties remain regarding use of procalcitonin protocols in practice. To estimate the cost-effectiveness of procalcitonin protocols in CAP. Decision analysis using published observational and clinical trial data, with variation of ...
Ching Teresa Y C TY National Acoustic Laboratories, Sydney, Australia. - - 2013
To address the question of whether, on a population level, early detection and amplification improve outcomes of children with hearing impairment. All families of children who were born between 2002 and 2007, and who presented for hearing services below 3 years of age at Australian Hearing pediatric centers in New ...
Kim Seoyoung C SC Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2013
Use of nonbiologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and/or biologic DMARDs is generally recommended to improve the prognosis of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The objective of this study was to describe the changing trends in DMARD use for RA over the past 2 decades. We analyzed data from an open ...
Contreras Juan Eduardo JE Division of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery, Clínica Santa María, Santiago, Chile. - - 2013
Conflicting evidence exists regarding age as a predictive factor in excess weight loss after bariatric surgery. The objective of this cross-sectional study is to evaluate differences in excess BMI loss (%EBMIL) 1 year after surgery in patients older and younger than 45 years. Adult obese patients fulfilling selection criteria underwent either Roux-en-Y ...
Kose Nusret N Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Medical Faculty, Osmangazi University, Meselik, 26480, Eskisehir, Turkey. - - 2013
Despite progress in surgical techniques, 1% to 2% of joint arthroplasties become complicated by infection. Coating implant surfaces with antimicrobial agents have been attempted to prevent initial bacterial adhesion to implants with varying success rates. We developed a silver ion-containing calcium phosphate-based ceramic nanopowder coating to provide antibacterial activity for ...
Moyo Nathifa A NA Virology Department, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, New Haw, Addlestone, - - 2013
Dendritic cells (DC) are the main immune mediators inducing primary immune responses. DC generated from monocytes (MoDC) are a model system to study the biology of DC in vitro, as they represent inflammatory DC in vivo. Previous studies on the generation of MoDC in horses indicated that there was no ...
Cabarcas Stephanie M SM Cancer Stem Cell Section, Laboratory of Cancer Prevention, Center for Cancer Research, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Frederick, MD, USA. - - 2013
Pancreatic cancer is a leading cancer type and its molecular pathology is poorly understood. The only potentially curative therapeutic option available is complete surgical resection; however, this is inadequate as most of the patients are diagnosed at an advanced or metastatic stage. Tumor-initiating cells (TICs) constitute a subpopulation of cells ...
Brand Harrison H Department of Human Genetics, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2013
Individuals with chronic pancreatitis are at increased risk for pancreatic cancer. We hypothesized that genetic variation in the γ-glutamyltransferase 1 (GGT1) gene, which was recently reported associated with pancreatic cancer risk in a genome-wide association study, is also associated with risk of chronic pancreatitis. Associations between common polymorphisms in GGT1 ...
Kisfalvi Krisztina K Department of Medicine, Digestive Diseases Research Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2013
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is a devastating disease, with an overall 5-year survival rate of only 3% to 5%. As the current therapies offer very limited survival benefits, novel therapeutic strategies are urgently required to treat this disease. Here, we determined whether metformin administration inhibits the growth of PANC-1 and MiaPaCa-2 ...
Rainville James J Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02120, USA. - - 2013
Comparative study using combined data from 2 prospective cohort studies. To expose the differences between the clinical characteristics of neurogenic claudication from magnetic resonance image-documented lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and lumbosacral radicular syndrome from acute, magnetic resonance image-documented, lumbar disc herniation (LDH). LSS and LDH are the common lumbar disorders ...
Arvin Babak B Queens Hospital, Romford, Essex, - - 2013
A blinded observational study of consecutive patients, prospectively enrolled and followed up to 1 year postoperatively. To assess whether quantitative assessment of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) predicts baseline patient status and postoperative neurological recovery. Factors that can predict neurological recovery in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) postoperatively are ...
Hosseini Akram A AA Division of Radiological and Imaging Sciences, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Campus, Nottingham, United - - 2013
There is a recognized need to improve selection of patients with carotid artery stenosis for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). We assessed the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-defined carotid plaque hemorrhage (MRIPH) to predict recurrent ipsilateral cerebral ischemic events, and stroke in symptomatic carotid stenosis. One hundred seventy-nine symptomatic patients with ...
Estill Janne J Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. - - 2013
Monitoring of HIV viral load in patients on combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) is not generally available in resource-limited settings. We examined the cost-effectiveness of qualitative point-of-care viral load tests (POC-VL) in sub-Saharan Africa. Mathematical model based on longitudinal data from the Gugulethu and Khayelitsha township ART programmes in Cape Town, ...
Sommer Graham G Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. - - 2013
The aims of this study were to evaluate in a canine model applicators designed for ablation of human benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in vivo under magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guidance, including magnetic resonance thermal imaging (MRTI), determine the ability of MRI techniques to visualize ablative changes in prostate, and evaluate ...
de Torres García Irene I Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Carlos Haya Hospital, Málaga, Spain. - - 2013
A case report. To emphasize the importance of monitoring the breathing capacity in patients with moderate to severe scoliosis, even in adulthood. Diseases that disturb the structure of the chest wall affect the function of the respiratory pump. Restrictive respiratory pattern is caused by severe scoliosis. However, scoliosis may provoke ...
Longenecker Chris T CT University Hospitals Case Medical - - 2013
We examined the relationship between plasma adipokine concentrations and ultrasound measures of vascular health in 100 HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy. Leptin was positively correlated with flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery and negatively with carotid intima-media thickness. These relationships were independent of traditional risk factors and trunk fat in ...
Beyoğlu Diren D Hepatology Research Group, Department of Clinical Research, University of Bern, - - 2013
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the commonest causes of death from cancer. A plethora of metabolomic investigations of HCC have yielded molecules in biofluids that are both up- and down-regulated but no real consensus has emerged regarding exploitable biomarkers for early detection of HCC. We report here a different ...
Ault Andrew P AP Department of Chemistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, - - 2013
Sea spray aerosol (SSA) represents one of the largest aerosol components in our atmosphere. SSA plays a major role in influencing climate; however the overall impacts remain poorly understood due to the overall chemical complexity. SSA is comprised of a mixture of inorganic and organic components in varying proportions that ...
Chonde Daniel B DB Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA, USA. - - 2013
Integrated scanners capable of simultaneous positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data acquisition are now available for human use. Although the scanners' manufacturers have made substantial efforts to understand and minimize the mutual electromagnetic interference between the 2 modalities, the potential physiological inference has not been evaluated. ...
Madrigano Jaime J Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Although several studies have examined associations between temperature and cardiovascular-disease-related mortality, fewer have investigated the association between temperature and the development of acute myocardial infarction (MI). Moreover, little is known about who is most susceptible to the effects of temperature. We analyzed data from the Worcester Heart Attack Study, a ...
Hébert-Losier Kim K Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden. - - 2013
Skiing and snowboarding are two activities that significantly contribute to the total number of sports-related injuries reported per year. Strength, endurance and cardiovascular fitness are central components in sports injury prevention. Providing exercises and training recommendations specific to recreational skiers and snowboarders is important in both injury prevention and reducing ...
Zhao Yuhai Y Neuroscience Center of Excellence, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112-2272, - - 2013
Genetic deficits and loss of function for the triggering receptor expressed in myeloid cells 2 (TREM2; encoded at chr6p21.1), a transmembrane spanning stimulatory receptor of the immunoglobulin/lectin-like gene superfamily, have been associated with deficiencies in phagocytosis and the innate immune system in Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we provide evidence ...
Jayawardena H Surangi N HS Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA 01854, - - 2013
Nanoparticles conjugated with d-maltoheptaose (G7) showed a striking increase in the internalization by Escherichia coli. This applies to strains with and without the maltodextrin transport channel and particles ranging from a few to a hundred nanometers.
Sood Akshay A Department of Medicine, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM, USA. - - 2013
Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) 8-isoprostane concentrations are increased in asthma, but it is not known if they acutely change following bronchoprovocation. The objective of this study was to evaluate EBC 8-isoprostane concentrations following allergen-induced bronchoprovocation in asthma. This comparison study included eight mild atopic asthmatics and six controls. Asthmatics were ...
Sen Namita N Department of Biology, Yeshiva University, New York, NY 10033, - - 2013
Stem/progenitor cells and their lineage derivatives are often identified by patterns and intensity of cell clusters of differentiation presentation. However, the cell biochemical façade can prove to be elusive, transient, and subject to interlaboratory disparities. To enhance current methods of lung stem cell isolation and identification and to investigate biophysical ...
Franses Joseph W JW Institute of Medical Engineering and Science, MIT, E25-438, Cambridge, MA, - - 2013
Although the influence of context-dependent endothelial cell (EC) regulation of vascular disease and repair is well-established, the privileged roles ECs play as paracrine regulators of tumor progression has only recently become appreciated. We hypothesized that if the same endothelial physiology governs vascular and cancer biology then EC control in cancer ...
Ma Lei L Cancer Institute, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, - - 2013
We report that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway plays a critical role in regulating cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), one of the most common malignant tumors in Southeast Asia. Effects of EGFR on maintaining CSCs are mainly mediated by AKT signaling, and β-catenin is responsible ...
Hu Che-Ming J CM Department of NanoEngineering, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2013
We investigate the 'marker-of-self' functionalization of nanoparticles through coating of natural RBC membranes. The membrane translocation approach is shown to be highly efficient and bestows nanoparticles with correctly oriented and functional immunomodulatory proteins such as CD47 at equivalent density to natural RBCs.
Li Yunsheng Y Molecular Laboratory for Gene Therapy & Tooth Regeneration, Beijing Key Laboratory of Tooth Regeneration and Function Reconstruction, Capital Medical University School of Stomatology, Beijing, - - 2013
Bisphosphonates (BPs), which are used to treat a variety of clinical disorders, have the side effect of jawbone necrosis. Currently, there is no reliable treatment for BP-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) due to a lack of understanding of its pathogenesis. To investigate the pathogenesis of BRONJ and observe the ...
Höbaus Julia J Department of Pathophysiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, 1090, - - 2013
In colorectal cancer (CRC) the vitamin D catabolizing enzyme 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D 24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1) is overexpressed with a potentially significant, positive impact on the catabolism of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-D3 ). However, the underlying mechanism of CYP24A1 overexpression is poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated possible causes including hypomethylation of ...
Chao Jennifer R JR Department of Ophthalmology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, - - 2013
The human cornea contains stem cells that can be induced to express markers consistent with multipotency in cell culture; however, there have been no studies demonstrating that human corneal keratocytes are multipotent. The objective of this study is to examine the potential of human fetal keratocytes (HFKs) to differentiate into ...
Lundy Scott D SD Departments of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, - - 2013
Despite preclinical studies demonstrating the functional benefit of transplanting human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (PSC-CMs) into damaged myocardium, the ability of these immature cells to adopt a more adult-like cardiomyocyte (CM) phenotype remains uncertain. To address this issue, we tested the hypothesis that prolonged in vitro culture of human embryonic ...
Riggs Erin Rooney ER Department of Human Genetics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. - - 2013
The 2012 International Standards for Cytogenomic Arrays (ISCA) Consortium Meeting, "Towards a Universal Clinical Genomic Database," was held in Bethesda, Maryland, May 21-22, 2012, and was attended by over 200 individuals from around the world representing clinical genetic testing laboratories, clinicians, academia, industry, research, and regulatory agencies. The scientific program ...
Fathi Ali-Reza - - 2013
Meningiomas represent the most common primary brain tumor and comprise 3 World Health Organization (WHO) grades, the most frequent being WHO grade I (90 %). Surgery is mandatory to establish the diagnosis and to remove the tumor; however, complete resection can be achieved in only <50 % of patients. Depending on the ...
Loeser John D - - 2013
The world of health care and the world of business have fundamentally different ethical standards. In the past decades, business principles have progressively invaded medical territories, leading to often unanticipated consequences for both patients and providers. Multidisciplinary pain management has been shown to be more effective than all other forms ...
Dal Molin Anna - - 2013
The goal of this study was to cast light on the existence of functional callosal channels for the interhemispheric transfer (IHT) of spatial and semantic information. To do so, we recorded event-related potentials in healthy humans while performing a primed odd-even discrimination task. Targets were visually presented numbers preceded by ...
Chen Wei-Ta - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: Diabetic neuropathic pain may be relieved by onabotulinumtoxinA (BoNT/A). However, whether BoNT/A changes sensory perception in neuropathic patients remains unknown. This study used a double-blind crossover design to explore the possible effect of BoNT/A on sensory perception. METHODS:: Eighteen patients with painful diabetic polyneuropathy underwent 2 consecutive 12-week periods ...
Didden P - - 2013
Endoscopic stent placement is an effective palliative treatment for malignant dysphagia and fistula, leading to rapid symptom relief. However, recurrent dysphagia and other stent-related complications are common, for which reason continuously new design modifications are implemented. Although some of these changes facilitate stent placement, complications remain and occur at similar ...
Leonard Michelle T - - 2013
: This study explored correlates of spousal ability to infer the thoughts and feelings of individuals with chronic pain (ICPs). : Participant couples (N=57), who consisted of at least 1 couple member with chronic pain, engaged in a videotaped discussion about pain, after which they completed an empathic accuracy procedure ...
Kakisu Koji - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the uptake and the release of antibiotics from a newly synthesized drug delivery hydrogel soft contact lens (SCL) using an ion ligand mechanism. The antibiotics used were Gatifloxacin (GFLX) and Moxifloxacin (MFLX). The uptake amount and the sustained-release kinetics of antibiotics were ...
Okumura Naoki - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of Rho kinase (ROCK)-inhibitor eye drops on a corneal endothelial dysfunction primate model and human clinical case series of corneal endothelial dysfunction. As a corneal-endothelial partially injured model, the corneal endothelium of seven cynomolgus monkeys was damaged by transcorneal freezing; 10 mm of rock inhibitor Y-27632 ...
Parzych Elizabeth M EM Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
In humans adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated gene transfer is followed by expansion of AAV capsid-specific T cells, evidence of cell damage, and loss of transgene product expression, implicating immunological rejection of vector-transduced cells, which may be prevented by immunosuppressive drugs. We undertook this study to assess the effect of immunosuppression (IS) ...
Jiang Shu-Jun SJ Department of Cell Biology and Municipal Laboratory of Liver Protection and Regulation of Regeneration, Capital Medical University, 100069 Beijing, - - 2013
Hepatic stimulator substance (HSS) has been suggested to protect liver cells from various toxins. However, the precise role of HSS in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury remains unknown. This study aims to elucidate whether overexpression of HSS could attenuate hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury and its possible mechanisms. Both in vivo hepatic I/R ...
Chenoweth Meghan J MJ Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2013
Variation in the CYP2A6 gene, which decreases the rate of nicotine metabolic inactivation, is associated with higher adult smoking cessation rates during clinical trials. We hypothesized that slow metabolism is associated with increased quitting during adolescence. White adolescent smokers (N=308, aged 12-17, 36.3% male) from a cohort study were genotyped ...
Semaan Maroun T MT Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA. - - 2013
Spiral ganglion neurons (SGN) in the Phex male mouse, a murine model of postnatal endolymphatic hydrops (ELH) undergo progressive deterioration reminiscent of human and other animal models of ELH with features suggesting apoptosis as an important mechanism. Histologic analysis of the mutant's cochlea demonstrates ELH by postnatal Day (P) 21 ...
Shen Weiliang W Center for Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, - - 2013
Meniscus injury is frequently encountered in clinical practice. Current surgical therapy involving partial or complete meniscectomy relieves pain in the short-term but often leads to osteoarthritis (OA) in the long-term. Here, this study aimed to identify and characterize a novel population of meniscus-derived stem cells (MeSCs) and develop a new ...
Christensson Anders A Department of Nephrology and Transplantation, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. - - 2013
Patients with chronic renal failure show a greater incidence of malignancies. We evaluated whether moderately impaired renal function at baseline influenced risk of all cancers during long-term follow in young persons. Our cohort included 33,346 subjects, aged 26-61 years at baseline, in a representative, population-based study enrolling subjects from 1974 ...
Butler Katherine K Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, - - 2013
Infections following repeated, low-dose (RLD), mucal S(H)IV exposures of macaques are used to model sexual HIV exposures for biomedical prevention testing. Different susceptibilities among animals can complicate study designs. In rhesus macaques, TRIM5 alleles Q, CypA, and TFP are resistance factors for infection with some S(H)IV strains, but not for ...
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