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Results 401 - 450 of 2261
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Abdellaoui Sofiene - - 2013
The rapid electrochemical screening of enzyme activities in bioelectronics is still a challenging issue. In order to solve this problem, we propose to use a 96-well electrochemical assay. This system is composed of 96 screen-printed electrodes on a printed circuit board adapted from a commercial system (carbon is used as ...
Upadhyaya Hari D - - 2013
Anthracnose in sorghum caused by Colletotrichum sublineolum is one of the most destructive diseases affecting sorghum production under warm and humid conditions. Markers and genes linked to resistance to the disease are important for plant breeding. Using 14,739 SNP markers, we have mapped eight loci linked to resistance in sorghum ...
Kemper Susan - - 2013
A digital pursuit rotor was used to monitor oral reading costs by time-locking tracking performance to the auditory wave form produced as young and older adults were reading out short paragraphs. Multilevel modeling was used to determine how paragraph-level predictors of length, grammatical complexity, and readability and person-level predictors such ...
Zhang Hao - - 2013
Protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) is a dinuclear metalloenzyme that catalyzes the dephosphorylation of serine and threonine residues. In this work, the catalytic reaction mechanism of PP1 was theoretically investigated by hybrid density functional theory. Firstly, an initial model of the Mn(II)-Mn(II) active site of PP1 was constructed on the basis ...
Wei Yu-Meng - - 2013
A novel sustained-release system was developed for poorly water-soluble drugs by applying solid dispersion (SD) technique to improve the solubility. The SD systems composed of polyvinyl pyrrolidone and stearic acid could not control the release of nifedipine. When the above SD granules were coated with ethylcellolulose (EC10, 45 and 100cp), ...
Kumar Veerendra - - 2013
Neuromodulin (Nm) and neurogranin (Ng) are neuron-specific substrates of protein kinase C (PKC). Their interactions with Calmodulin (CaM) are crucial for learning and memory formation in neurons. Here, we report the structure of IQ peptides (24aa) of Nm/Ng complexed with CaM and their functional studies with full-length proteins. Nm/Ng and ...
Wang Heng - - 2013
Canine influenza virus (CIV) is an emerging pathogen that causes severe and acute respiratory disease in dogs. In 2006, the H3N2 canine influenza virus was first identified in dogs from Guangdong province in China. Up to now, nine CIVs have been isolated from different populations in Guangdong. The nine isolates ...
Bernstein David B - - 2013
The current standard of care for patients suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is ventilation with a tidal volume of 6 ml/kg predicted body weight (PBW), but variability remains in the tidal volumes that are actually used. This study aims to identify patient scenarios for which there is discordance between ...
Giannouli Georgia - - 2013
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis of childhood. The diagnosis is based on clinical criteria. However, the presentation of KD is incomplete/atypical for approximately 20 % of patients. Kawasaki disease is complicated with coronary artery lesions (CALs) and considered the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children. ...
Park Yun Joo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the quantitative elasticity index of shear wave elastography (SWE) can predict extrathyroidal extension (ETE) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) preoperatively. METHODS: A total of 208 patients with pathology confirmed PTC whom underwent SWE during preoperative staging US between April 2011 to June 2012 were included.SWE indices ...
O'Farrell N J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: For rectal cancer, an involved circumferential resection margin (CRM), defined as tumor cells within 1 mm of the CRM, is of established prognostic significance. This definition for the esophagus, however, is controversial, with the UK Royal College of Pathologists (RCP) recommending the 1 mm definition, while the College of American Pathologists ...
Alkhateeb Asem - - 2013
Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs) (Hashimoto thyroiditis and Graves' disease) are complex polygenic disorders with multiple genes thought to contribute to the risk of disease. The contribution of these genes differs by different populations. The PTPN22 gene is reported to be associated with multiple autoimmune diseases, but results of association are ...
Bosi Marcello - - 2013
To investigate the role of awake upper airways (UA) endoscopy assessment as a parameter of prediction for CPAP titration in OSAHS patient therapy. Retrospective analysis of UA endoscopic assessment with Mueller's maneuvre and the application of the nose oropharynx hypopharynx score (NOHs) was conducted to obtain a numeric score representing ...
Yeom Hyesun - - 2013
A simple, robust and reliable method for the determination of residual robenidine in chicken muscle using high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet (UV) detection was developed and validated according to the Codex Alimentarius Commission guidelines. Chicken muscle was extracted by acetonitrile/formic acid (98:2, v/v) and defatted with hexane. Analytes were ...
Li Weiwei - - 2013
A high molecular weight conjugated polymer based on alternating electron-rich and electron deficient fused ring systems provides efficient polymer solar cells when blended with C60 and C70 fullerene derivatives. The morphology of the new polymer/fullerene blend reduces bimolecular recombination and allows reaching high fill factors and power conversion efficiencies for ...
Williamson B - - 2013
Abstract 1. Organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 plays a pivotal role in the disposition of many anionic drugs. Significant overlap in substrate specificity between individual OATP isoforms has hampered the identification of the relative importance of individual isoforms for hepatic uptake of xenobiotics. 2. The present study focused on the ...
Chen Hong-Qi - - 2013
A new luminescence resonant energy transfer (LRET) system has been designed that utilizes near-infrared (NIR)-to-NIR upconversion lanthanide nanophosphors (UCNPs) as the donor, and Au nanorods (Au NRs) as the acceptor. The UCNPs were excited by a near-infrared (980 nm) wavelength and also emitted at a near-infrared wavelength (804 nm) using ...
Scott Jonathan P R - - 2013
To compare the cytokine response to exhaustive running in recreationally-active (RA) and endurance-trained (ET) men. Eleven RA men (VO2max 55 ± 7 mL·min-1·kg-1) and 10 ET men (VO2max 68 ± 7 mL·min-1·kg-1) followed a controlled diet and refrained from volitional exercise for 8 days. On the fourth day, participants completed 60 min of treadmill running (65 % VO2max), followed ...
Decker E - - 2013
In recent years it could be shown that systemic inflammation, which typically occurs in chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases, significantly contributes to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. All rheumatic diseases inherit this enhanced risk for cardiovascular complications with rheumatoid arthritis being one of the most prominent. As the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are ...
Sahin Alparslan - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: We aimed to test caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) as an antidote for acute methanol (MeOH) toxicity and to compare it with ethanol. Methods: This study included five groups, each containing eight rats. The groups were control, methotrexate (MTX), MeOH, ethanol and CAPE. All rats except control group ...
Dogonowski A-M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the relationship between motor resting-state connectivity of the dorsal pre-motor cortex (PMd) and clinical disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 27 patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RR-MS) and 15 patients with secondary progressive MS (SP-MS) underwent functional resting-state magnetic resonance imaging. ...
Coban Arzu - - 2013
ABSTRACT We aimed to investigate various anti-neuronal antibodies in sera of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients to detect possible autoimmune encephalitis patients imitating ALS findings and to delineate the validity of routine screening of well-characterized anti-neuronal antibodies in ALS. The patients fulfilling the revised El Escorial diagnostic criteria for definite ...
Scheithauer Uwe - - 2013
Cross-contamination is observed on sample surfaces by Auger electron spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy if multiple samples are mounted on one sample holder and a neighbouring sample was sputter depth profiling. During sputter depth profiling, sputtered material is deposited on inner surfaces of the instrument. In a secondary sputter process, ...
Negi Vishal Singh - - 2013
Rhizobium sp. strain TAL1145 catabolizes mimosine, which is a toxic non-protein amino acid present in Leucaena leucocephala (leucaena). The objective of this investigation was to study the biochemical and catalytic properties of the enzyme encoded by midD, one of the TAL1145 genes involved in mimosine degradation. The midD-encoded enzyme, MidD, ...
Wang Zhen - - 2013
Samples of gas- and particle-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were collected at three sampling stations (Xiaomai Island, Laohutan, and Zhangzi Island) in the north Yellow Sea, China during November 2008 and September 2009 to study their atmospheric transport potential and the gas/particle distributions. The composition of PAHs was dominated by ...
Teperino Raffaele - - 2013
The DNA sequence largely defines gene expression and phenotype. However, it is becoming increasingly clear that an additional chromatin-based regulatory network imparts both stability and plasticity to genome output, modifying phenotype independently of the genetic blueprint. Indeed, alterations in this "epigenetic" control layer underlie, at least in part, the reason ...
Shin Crystal S - - 2013
The importance and advantages of three-dimensional (3D) cell cultures have been well-recognized. Tumor cells cultured in a 3D culture system as multicellular tumor spheroids (MTS) can bridge the gap between in vitro and in vivo anticancer drug evaluations. An in vitro 3D tumor model capable of providing close predictions of ...
Mondain V - - 2013
PURPOSE: To describe the antifungal stewardship programme in our hospital and to assess its impact on total antifungal prescriptions and their cost, and on the process of care measures regarding the diagnostic and therapeutic management of invasive aspergillosis and candidaemia. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study describing the multifaceted ...
Clark Gavin - - 2013
Custom cutting guides based on pre-operative imaging have been introduced for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of this prospective cohort study was to assess the reliability of repeated placement of custom cutting guides by multiple surgeons in a group of patients undergoing TKA. Custom cutting guides (ShapeMatch®, Stryker Orthopaedics) ...
Han Sungwon - - 2013
Metal pollutants are a global health risk due to their ability to contribute to a variety of diseases. Aluminum (Al), a ubiquitous environmental contaminant is implicated in anemia, osteomalacia, hepatic disorder, and neurological disorder. In this review, we outline how this intracellular generator of reactive oxygen species (ROS) triggers a ...
Zhang Jiange - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is often beneficial from testosterone replacement therapy. Although testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) are inversely associated with the risk of MetS, it is controversial whether the association between testosterone and MetS is independent of SHBG. METHODS: Testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and MetS were ...
Ning Shangwei - - 2013
Large intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) are emerging as key factors of multiple cellular processes. Cumulative evidence has linked lincRNA polymorphisms to diverse diseases. However, the global properties of lincRNA polymorphisms and their implications for human disease remain largely unknown. Here we performed a systematic analysis of naturally occurring variants in ...
Pal B B - - 2013
SUMMARY A large outbreak of cholera reported during April-July 2009 in the Kendrapada district of Odisha, India was investigated. Forty-one rectal swabs and 41 water samples, collected from diarrhoeal patients and from different villages were bacteriologically analysed for the isolation of bacterial enteriopathogens, antibiogram profile and detection of various toxic ...
Ingels Ann-Sofie M E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), well known as a party drug, especially in Europe, is also legally used (sodium oxybate, Xyrem®) to treat a rare sleep disorder, narcolepsy with cataplexy. This exploratory study was set up to measure GHB concentrations in dried blood spots (DBS) collected by narcoleptic patients treated with ...
Tromp I I M - - 2013
Background/objectives:Many parents do not follow recommendations for the timing of introduction of complementary feeding. The aim of this study was to identify determinants associated with the timing of introduction of complementary feeding in a multiethnic birth cohort.Subjects/methods:Subjects were 3561 mothers and infants participating in a prospective cohort study. The timing ...
Tsalkidou Evanthia A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are encountered frequently in children, and their early diagnosis and treatment are important. This study evaluates the diagnostic value of serum concentrations of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), an acute-phase protein, in children with febrile UTI and compares it to those of the total white blood cell ...
Chlot Sara - - 2013
The main objectives of this study were to (a) study the interaction between N and P cycles in mining-affected aquatic systems and (b) to quantify release rates of sedimentary soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) that may be related to this interaction. Sediment cores and water from Lake Bruträsket (Boliden, northern Sweden) ...
Robberecht Wim - - 2013
Several recent breakthroughs have provided notable insights into the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), with some even shifting our thinking about this neurodegenerative disease and raising the question as to whether this disorder is a proteinopathy, a ribonucleopathy or both. In addition, these breakthroughs have revealed mechanistic links between ...
Wallace J G - - 2013
Maize is the most widely grown cereal in the world. In addition to its role in global agriculture, it has also long served as a model organism for genetic research. Maize stands at a genetic crossroads, as it has access to all the tools available for plant genetics but exhibits ...
Tripathi Satya Prakash - - 2013
Abstract The current drug development process aims to produce safe, effective drugs within a reasonable time and at a reasonable cost. Phase II metabolism (glucuronidation) can affect drug action and pharmacokinetics to a considerable extent and so its studies and prediction at initial stages of drug development are very imperative. ...
Neves Feitosa Helvécio - - 2013
The authors conducted a cross-sectional short-term study using Lind's Moral Judgment Test (MJT) to compare moral judgment competence (C-score) among students from a medical school in the Northeast region of Brazil and a medical school in the Northern region of Portugal. This study compares the C-scores of groups in the ...
Tekle Wondwossen G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is controversy whether asymptomatic vasospasm in other arteries should be concurrently treated (global treatment) in patients receiving targeted endovascular treatment [percutaneous-transluminal-angioplasty (PTA) and/or intra-arterial (IA) vasodilators] for focal symptomatic vasospasm. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of occurrence of new symptomatic vasospasm in previously asymptomatic arterial distributions among patients ...
Esmer Oktay - - 2013
Abstract Eight-year-old girl was admitted to our clinic with the complaint of constant epiphora in the right eye. It was reported that this complaint began after the start of chemotherapy with a diagnosis of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) about 5 years ago. In addition, eyelid ptosis associated with esotropia also ...
Perng W - - 2013
Background:Studies regarding the role of iron on linear growth have yielded heterogeneous results. Some trials indicate that iron supplementation of iron-replete infants leads to slower-length gain. However, little is known of the relation between iron status and linear growth in school-age children.Methods:We quantified plasma ferritin, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and ...
Shkolnikov Viktor - - 2013
We present a novel method for full-field scalar visualization and quantification of species concentration fields. We term this method species-altered fluorescence imaging (SAFI). The method employs electrically neutral fluorescent dyes whose quantum yields are selectively quenched or enhanced by species of interest. SAFI enables simultaneous imaging of material interfaces and ...
Alford Daniel P - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Data on the effectiveness and safety of long-term opioid therapy for chronic pain are limited. Opioid adherence monitoring includes urine drug testing. Determining whether a patient's opioid prescription should be discontinued after an unexpected urine test result can be clinically complex. OBJECTIVE To review safe opioid prescribing practices and ...
Yong Tuck Yean - - 2013
The objective of this long-term and hospital-wide study is to examine characteristics of patients who discharge against medical advice (DAMA), their rates of readmission and mortality after self-discharge. Administrative data of admissions to Flinders Medical Centre (FMC) between July 2002 and June 2011 was used to compare readmissions and mortality ...
Schwarz Gunnar - - 2013
Chemical tagging with stable isotopes is one of the best established methods for the quantification of proteins using mass spectrometry, especially in non-proliferating cells and tissue. The absolute quantification of proteins is still a challenge. Metal-coded affinity tagging (MeCAT), used to label proteins and peptides with lanthanide ions, allows both, ...
Machado Rogério Bonassi - - 2013
Abstract This prospective observational study was designed to determine the percentage of hysterectomies avoided following insertion of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) in perimenopausal women with uterine fibroids and a prior indication for surgery. The study also compared the progress of patients using the LNG-IUS with those submitted to hysterectomy, ...
L Ng Khanh V Q - - 2013
Parkinson disease (PD) is the second most common form of neurodegeneration among elderly individuals. PD is clinically characterized by tremors, rigidity, slowness of movement, and postural imbalance. In this paper, we review the evidence for an association between PD and thiamine. Interestingly, a significant association has been demonstrated between PD ...
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