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Results 351 - 400 of 2261
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Alzahrani Abdulrahman D - - 2013
Advantages associated with the left ear (right brain hemisphere) have been reported in some studies. Of these, some have specifically suggested that the left ear has a more heightened ability to detect emotional tones. Meanwhile others have pointed to factors such as age and gender as potentially leading to manifestations ...
Song Shuang - - 2013
Two novel glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 12 xyloglucanase genes (designated RmXEG12A and RmXEG12B) were cloned from the thermophilic fungus Rhizomucor miehei. Both genes contained open reading frames of 729 bp encoding 242 amino acids. Their deduced amino acid sequences shared 68 % identity with each other and less than 60 % with other ...
Ito Hiromitsu - - 2013
A 73-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital due to bilateral leg edema and proteinuria in April 2009. After admission, nephrotic syndrome (membranous nephropathy) was diagnosed. At that point, a cancer screening test was performed; however, no abnormalities were noted. Medical treatment with prednisolone and cyclosporine was started, which ...
Ghoshal Nirmalya - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To study the oxidative stress induced changes by sub lethal doses of cadmium chloride (CdCl2) and gamma irradiation, two redox inducing agents, on metallothionein (MT) gene and protein expression in Plantago ovata Forsk (P. ovata). Materials and methods: Chlorophyll content was estimated to study the stress response in ...
You Yong-Ping - - 2013
Neurosurgical intervention remains the main step in the effective management of vestibular schwannomas. Extensive studies on vestibular schwannoma treatment have placed emphasis on preserving quality of life and neurological functions, particularly of the facial and vestibulocochlear nerves. Facial nerve preservation and hearing preservation have been achieved by significant advances in ...
Chen Hanqing - - 2013
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) hold promise in manufacturing, environmental, and biomedical applications, as well as food and agricultural industries. Previous observations have shown that CNTs have antimicrobial activity; however, the impact of CNTs to human gut microbes has not been investigated. Here, the antibacterial activity of CNTs against the microbes commonly ...
Yaehne Kristin - - 2013
Nanoparticles are increasingly used in medical applications such as drug delivery, imaging, and biodiagnostics, particularly for cancer. The design of nanoparticles for tumor delivery has been largely empirical, owing to a lack of quantitative data on angiogenic tissue sequestration. Using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, the deposition rate constants of nanoparticles into ...
Park Seong-Jun - - 2013
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) has caused devastating enteric disease in Korean pig farms since its first identification in 1992 in Korea. In the present study, the molecular epidemiology, genetic diversity, and phylogenetic relationship of Korean PEDV field isolates to other reference strains were analyzed using the complete E gene. ...
Papasoulis Efthymios - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Low-velocity gunshots are often associated with extremity fractures. There is no consensus, however, on the use of antibiotics for these injuries. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We performed a literature review to answer the following questions: (1) Are antibiotics needed for the treatment of these fractures? (2) Is gram-negative coverage necessary? (3) How ...
Xu Huan-Yan - - 2013
A cationic dye, Rhodamine B (RhB), could be efficiently discolored by heterogeneous Fenton-like reaction catalyzed by natural schorl. In this work, with the main goal of the optimization for RhB discoloration, central composite design under the response surface methodology (RSM) was employed for the experiment design and process optimization. The ...
Segura S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Malignant transformation of oral lichen planus (OLP) to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is controversial. C-MYC is a proto-oncogene involved in various solid tumours, including OSCC. OBJECTIVES: To determine MYC status by florescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in OLP lesions from 10 patients with progression to ...
Dhiman Radha K - - 2013
There is a strong relationship between liver and gut; while the portal venous system receives blood from the gut, and its contents may affect liver functions, liver in turn, affects intestinal functions through bile secretion. There is robust evidence that the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is linked to alterations ...
Bizzarri Federico - - 2013
Lyapunov exponents are a basic and powerful tool to characterise the long-term behaviour of dynamical systems. The computation of Lyapunov exponents for continuous time dynamical systems is straightforward whenever they are ruled by vector fields that are sufficiently smooth to admit a variational model. Hybrid neurons do not belong to ...
Murphy Thomas E - - 2013
This paper reports a novel multispectral image processing technique for rapid, non-invasive quantification of biomass concentration in attached and suspended algae cultures. Monitoring the biomass concentration is critical for efficient production of biofuel feedstocks, food supplements, and bioactive chemicals. Particularly, non-invasive and rapid detection techniques can significantly aid in providing ...
Charalampopoulos D - - 2013
Background/Objective:A strict and lifelong commitment to a gluten-free diet (GFD) remains one of the most challenging issues in children with coeliac disease. The present study aimed to record compliance rates and investigate the connection between dietary compliance and demographics, disease-related factors and parental knowledge.Subjects/Methods:Parents of 90 Greek children diagnosed with ...
Yayeh Taddesse - - 2013
Mushrooms have a long history of dietary benefits in Asia due to their health-promoting effects. Phellinus baumii, a wild mushroom, has been reported to have anti-platelet, anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity and free radical scavenging activities. However, its anti-rheumatoid arthritis (RA) property remains poorly understood. Hence, we investigated the protective effect of Phellinus ...
Akturk Mujde - - 2013
Abstract Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a syndrome related with mood and appetite changes during the late luteal phase. Leptin and insulin are the hormones related to appetite, and leptin may have a role in reproductive functions and mood. Our aim was to determine whether there are differences in serum ...
Fend F - - 2013
Plasma cell malignancies are tumors of terminally differentiated B-cells in which the neoplastic plasma cells are the dominant and proliferating tumor cell component. Plasma cell myeloma (PCM) is one of the most common hematological neoplasms and typically does not cause diagnostic problems. A morphologically and immunophenotypically detectable plasmacellular orplasmablastic differentiation ...
WojdyƂo Aneta - - 2013
Phytochemical profiles (phenolic compounds, l-ascorbic acid, antioxidant and PPO activities) of 13 different quince varieties and 5 genotypes were studied. Polyphenols were identified by LC-PDA-QTof/MS and quantified by UPLC-PDA and UPLC-FL. A total of 26 polyphenolic compounds found in quince tissues were identified and presented: 9 flavan-3-ols ((-)-epicatechin, procyanidin B2, ...
Kim Gap-Don - - 2013
Myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms have been considered as makers for muscle fiber types in relation to meat quality, whereas MHC isoforms in porcine skeletal muscle have not been fully identified. The improved technique of sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) were used to separate ...
Lineaweaver William C - - 2013
Skin graft coverage of critical marginal wounds in microsurgical cases is the earliest described method for coverage of exposed vessels, nerves, and other vital structures at the margins of replanted or transplanted tissue. A case of immediate graft coverage of vein and nerve graft repairs in a gunshot wound is ...
Fort Diego A - - 2013
Intramolecular [2+2] photocycloaddition reactions of diversely substituted N-Boc protected 4-(allylaminomethyl)-2(5H)-furanones resulted in rigid products (53-75%) with three spatially defined positions for further functionalisation.
Kocbek Vida - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate serum and peritoneal fluid (PF) glycodelin-A concentrations in women with ovarian endometriosis. Ninety-nine matched pairs of serum and PF samples were included in our study. The case group comprised 57 women with ovarian endometriosis and the control group 42 healthy women ...
Patel J C - - 2013
1 As selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have an inhibitory effect on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, they may affect the neuromuscular transmission and interact with neuromuscular blockers. This study was designed to observe the effect of fluoxetine on neuromuscular transmission and its interaction with rocuronium using the rat phrenic nerve hemidiaphragm and ...
Haddad Fernanda Louise Martinho - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The few studies that examine the effect of nasal abnormalities on continuous positive airway pressure device (CPAP) adherence are controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of nasal abnormalities in CPAP adherence. METHODS: We included patients with moderate to severe OSA. The patients were submitted ...
Wu Lian-Ao - - 2013
Photonic quantum systems are among the most promising architectures for quantum computers. It is well known that for dual-rail photons effective non-linearities and near-deterministic non-trivial two-qubit gates can be achieved via the measurement process and by introducing ancillary photons. While in principle this opens a legitimate path to scalable linear ...
Barbaud A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms of genes controlling cytokine production have not been studied in the genetic susceptibility to cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADR). OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine whether polymorphisms in nine cytokine genes were associated to the occurrence of drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) compared to drug-induced ...
Sarosiek Shayna - - 2013
Abstract AL amyloidosis presenting as a solitary mediastinal mass is a rare occurrence, with only a few cases reported in the literature. We describe a case of a man presenting with a mediastinal mass diagnosed as amyloidosis, confirmed by mass spectrometry to consist of lambda light chains. Here we review ...
Santagapita Patricio R - - 2013
Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based low generation dendrimers are analyzed as single excipient or combined with trehalose in relation to their structure and efficiency as enzyme stabilizers during freeze-thawing, freeze-drying and thermal treatment. A novel functional dendrimer (DGo -CD) based on the known PEG's ability as cryo-protector and β-CD as supramolecular stabilizing ...
Zachariah Sanoop Koshy - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is emerging as a popular "stand-alone" bariatric procedure. We report our 5 years experience with LSG as a single-stage bariatric procedure with which to study the technical progress, learning curve, complications, and follow-up results. METHODS: Prospectively collected data of 228 patients (145 females and 83 males), ...
Zhang Wei - - 2013
The complexity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis makes combined blockade of multiple targets an attractive therapeutic strategy. The combination therapy with anti-TNF plus anti-T-cell has been mostly reported to provide greater efficacy than anti-TNF alone. TNFR (p75)-Fc fusion protein, which has been proven effective in clinics, is chosen as the ...
Araki Toshimitsu - - 2013
PURPOSE: Preventing a recurrence of Crohn's disease is a problem that remains to be solved. We evaluated the impact of using infliximab as a postoperative therapy on preventing the surgical recurrence of Crohn's disease. METHODS: We performed a pair-matched study comparing 100 patients who had received postoperative infliximab maintenance therapy ...
Majji Ganesh - - 2013
An efficient metal free protocol has been developed for the synthesis of benzylic esters via a cross dehydrogenative coupling (CDC) involving alkylbenzene(s) as a self- or as a cross-coupling partner(s) via the intermediacy of Ar-COOH and the benzylic carbocation obtained from the other half of the alkylbenzene; both symmetrical as ...
Roos Johanna - - 2013
Abstract Among potential predictors of dropout, client variables are most thoroughly examined. This qualitative literature review examines the current state of knowledge about therapist, relationship and process factors influencing dropout. Databases searches identified 44 relevant studies published January 2000-June 2011. Dropout rates varied widely with a weighted rate of 35%. ...
Gierloff M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Injectable or implantable scaffolds seeded with autologous chondrogenic cells may represent a promising option for treatment of cartilage defects in the future. Current problems with the autologous chondrocyte implantation including dedifferentiation and the development of fibrocartilage suggest the use of alternative chondrogenic cell sources such as mesenchymal stromal cells ...
Prasse A - - 2013
Granuloma formation occurs in the human body if there is a particle which persists in phagocytes and which the immune system cannot eliminate. The immune reaction of granuloma formation evolved in order to combat mycobacteria with the aim of localizing mycobacteria and to avoid spreading of mycobacteria throughout the body. ...
Nielsen Berit Kjaerside - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: When receiving a cancer diagnosis, patients are often faced with psychological distress and loss of control. As a result, their psychological well-being may be influenced by their perceived ability to cope with disease-related and treatment-related challenges. Research indicates that the patient-oncologist relationship may have an impact on patients' self-efficacy. ...
Uchida Ryohei - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of EndoButton® (Smith & Nephew Endoscopy, Andover, MA, USA) location on post-operative migration in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Seventy-seven patients underwent anatomical double-bundle ACL reconstruction using EndoButtons. Comparing patient radiographs immediately post-operatively with those at 1 year, migration was defined when EndoButtons moved more ...
Son A - - 2013
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a TNF superfamily member, induces damage of the epithelial cells (ECs) and production of inflammatory mediaters through its receptor Fn14 in a model of acute colitis. In our current study of chronic colitis induced by repeated rectal injection of a hapten, ...
Chang Jianzhong - - 2013
TaSAP1, a member of the stress association protein (SAP) gene family from wheat, is involved in response to several abiotic stresses, including drought, salt and cold. In this study, TaSAP1-A1, a TaSAP1 member on chromosome 7A, and its flanking sequences were isolated. Polymorphism analysis indicated that the average nucleotide diversity ...
Kjær Mette Mandrup - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Current recommendations suggest postponing pregnancy by at least 1 year after gastric bypass. During the first postoperative year, women are in a catabolic phase with a rapid weight loss which may increase the risk of adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. This study tested the hypothesis that the risk of adverse ...
Cho Dae-Hyun - - 2013
The friction of graphene on various substrates, such as SiO2, h-BN, bulk-like graphene, and mica, was investigated to characterize the adhesion level between graphene and the underlying surface. The friction of graphene on SiO2 decreased with increasing thickness and converged around the penta-layers due to incomplete contact between the two ...
Daley David - - 2013
The efficacy of a self-help parent training programme for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was evaluated. The New Forest Parenting Programme Self-help (NFPP-SH) is a 6-week written self-help psychological intervention designed to treat childhood ADHD. Forty-three children were randomised to either NFPP-SH intervention or a waiting list control ...
Thomsson Daniel - - 2013
Conjugated polymers (CPs) are promising materials for fluorescence imaging application. However, a significant problem in this field is the unexplained abnormally low fluorescence brightness (or number of fluorescence photons detected per one excitation photon) exhibited by most of CP single chains in solid polymer hosts. Here it is shown that ...
Koneti Nageswara R - - 2013
Isolation of the subclavian artery is associated with "steal" of blood from the carotid circulation to the arm, through the circle of Willis and the vertebral artery. When associated with a patent arterial duct, there is an additional "steal" of blood from the arm to the lungs, through the arterial ...
Beerhorst K - - 2013
PURPOSE: Long-term antiepileptic drug use is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD), fractures and abnormalities in bone metabolism. We aimed at determining the prevalence of bone mineral disorders in patients with refractory epilepsy treated with antiepileptic drugs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in adult patients (n = 205) from a ...
Asai Katsuyuki - - 2013
We report a rare case of a pulmonary vein stump thrombus detected by a contrast-enhanced computed tomography for transient syncope 2 days after upper division segmentectomy of the left lung for metastatic pulmonary tumor. The thrombus disappeared without embolic events after anticoagulation with intravenous heparin followed by oral warfarin. Considering this ...
Cheng Xinghai - - 2013
Ataxin-10 is a cytoplasmic protein that belongs to the family of armadillo repeat proteins and the ataxin proteins are ubiquitously expressed in nervous tissue. A loss of Ataxin-10 in primary neuronal cells causes increased apoptosis of cerebellar neurons. Knockdown of ATXN10 with siRNA in HeLa cells results in cytokinesis defects-multinucleation. ...
Wang Lifang - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: T-cadherin is a tumor-suppressor with low expression in many malignant tumors, but with high expression in endothelial cells and so on. In this study we investigated whether T-cadherin was expressed and if together with bFGF play a role in the occurrence and development of uterine leiomyoma. METHOD: Uterine leiomyoma, ...
Abdellaoui Sofiene - - 2013
The rapid electrochemical screening of enzyme activities in bioelectronics is still a challenging issue. In order to solve this problem, we propose to use a 96-well electrochemical assay. This system is composed of 96 screen-printed electrodes on a printed circuit board adapted from a commercial system (carbon is used as ...
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