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Wang Huan - - 2013
Substitutionally boron-doped monolayer graphene film is grown on a large scale by using a sole phenylboronic acid as the source in a low-pressure chemical vapor deposition system. The B-doped graphene film is a homogeneous monolayer with high crystalline quality, which exhibits a stable p-type doping behavior with a considerably high ...
Anwised Preeyanan - - 2013
The first report of complete nucleotide sequences for α- and β-globin chains from the Siamese hemoglobin (Crocodylus siamensis) is given in this study. The cDNAs encoding α- and β-globins were cloned by RT-PCR using the degenerate primers and by the rapid amplification of cDNA ends method. The full-length α-globin cDNA ...
Gu Xinggui - - 2013
Based on the consideration that compound with a -PO3H2 group can be hydrolyzed into compound which shows low solubility in aqueous solutions and thus aggregation can occur easily, a new fluorescence turn-on assay has been constructed for alkaline phosphatase (ALP) with compound . ALP at concentrations as low as 18 ...
Kuwahara Yuki - - 2013
This study develops a measure of the efficiency of visiting nurse (VN) agencies in Japan, examining the issues related to the measurement of efficiency, and identifying the characteristics that influence efficiency. We have employed a data envelopment analysis to measure the efficiency of 108 VN agencies, using the numbers of ...
Iranifam Mortaza - - 2013
A simple and sensitive flow injection chemiluminescence (FI-CL) method was developed for the determination of naphazoline hydrochloride (NPZ). The method is based on the enhancing effect of NPZ on the weak CL signal from the reaction of KIO4 with H2 O2 . Experimental parameters that affected the CL signal, including ...
Sun Zhongchan Z Department of Cardiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, 15# Changle Western Road, Xi'an, 710032, China. - - 2013
The N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) is involved in cell apoptosis and survival. Although reported to be highly expressed in the cardiac tissue, the biological function of NDRG2 in the heart remains to be established. Insulin exerts protective effects against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury through the PI3K/Akt pathway. Here, we ...
Wang Zhiyu - - 2013
Hollow nanostructures represent a unique class of functional nanomaterials with many applications. In this work, a one-pot and unusual "pumpkin-carving" protocol is demonstrated for engineering mesoporous single-crystal hollow structures with multilevel interiors. Single-crystal CoSn(OH) nanoboxes with uniform size and porous shell are synthesized by fast growth of CoSn(OH) nanocubes and ...
Ito Toshiro - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association of previous abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) graft replacement with infradiaphragmatic malperfusion in patients with acute aortic dissection. METHODS: Between November 2006 and June 2011, 133 patients were referred to our hospital for management of acute aortic dissection. Eight (6.0 %) of these patients had undergone AAA ...
Powers Evan T ET Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. - - 2013
Although the sequence of a protein largely determines its function, proteins can adopt different folding states in response to changes in the environment, some of which may be deleterious to the organism. All organisms--Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya--have evolved a protein homeostasis, or proteostasis, network comprising chaperones and folding factors, degradation ...
Irwin N - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Cholecystokinin (CCK) and leptin are important hormones with effects on energy balance. The present study assessed the biological effects of (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 and [D-Leu-4]-OB3, smaller isoforms of CCK and leptin, respectively. METHODS: The actions and overall therapeutic use of (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 and [D-Leu-4]-OB3, alone and in combination, were evaluated in normal ...
Mancina Rosellina Margherita - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a growing epidemic worldwide and it is associated with metabolic complications, such as insulin resistance. Recently, a genetic variation (rs7607980) in the cordon-bleu protein-like 1 (COBLL1) gene has been associated with lower insulin resistance in adults. The aim of the study was to investigate if the ...
Ye Hui - - 2013
Allelic ratio of an SNP has been used for prenatal diagnosis of fetal trisomy 21 by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS). Because MALDI-TOF MS is challenging in quantification performance, pyrosequencing was proposed to replace MS by better quantification of allelic ratios. To achieve a simple and rapid clinical diagnostic, PCR with ...
Meng Hongdao - - 2013
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to investigate the psychometric properties of the SF-36 in a sample of older adults with chronic conditions and to test whether measurement bias exists based on the levels of comorbidity. METHODS: Participants included were 979 cognitively intact older adults with comorbidities who were ...
Mamo Laura - - 2013
A sociologist examines contemporary engagements of queer bodies and identities with fertility biomedicine. Drawing on social science, media culture, and the author's own empirical research, three questions frame the analysis: 1. In what ways have queers on the gendered margins moved into the center and become implicated or central users ...
Alqahtani Aayed R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has a significant incidence of long-term failure, which may require an alternative revisional bariatric procedure to remediate. Unfortunately, there is few data pinpointing which specific revisional procedure most effectively addresses failed gastric banding. Recently, it has been observed that laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is ...
Li Wei W Department of Antibiotics, Anhui Institute for Food and Drug Control, Hefei 230051, China. - - 2013
Photodegradation kinetics of fleroxacin were investigated in different injections. Five commercial formulations were analyzed before and after irradiation by determining residual volumes of fleroxacin with high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC), and different decomposition functions and models were obtained. Concentration levels of fleroxacin in injections caused the differences in photodegradation kinetics instead ...
Mobasheri A - - 2013
Tendonitis and tendinitis are terms used to describe an inflamed and painful tendon. Tendinopathy, is a descriptive term for describing clinical conditions arising from tendon injury and overuse both within and around tendons. The aim of this mini-review is to explore the role of pro-inflammatory cytokines, particularly interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in ...
Wong Peng Foo PF Department of Vascular Surgery, James Cook University Hospital, Marton Road, Middlesbrough, Cleveland, TS4 3BW England. - - 2013
Do antiplatelet therapies reduce risk of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, and cardiovascular events in patients with intermittent claudication? Which antiplatelet is most strongly associated with a reduced risk of all-cause and CVD mortality? In patients with intermittent claudication, antiplatelet therapies are associated with lower all-cause and CVD mortality ...
Mus Florence - - 2013
A detailed physiological and molecular analysis of lipid accumulation under a suite of conditions including nitrogen limitation, alkaline pH stress, bicarbonate supplementation, and organic acid supplementation was performed on the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. For all tested conditions, nitrogen limitation was a prerequisite for lipid accumulation and the other culturing ...
Kukreja Kamlesh - - 2013
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is being increasingly recognized as a significant issue in children. Despite the low incidence of DVT, the risks of pulmonary embolism and death in children are significant. Post-thrombotic syndrome, a syndrome of chronic venous insufficiency, can have long-term adverse consequences in children and adolescents. Adult studies ...
Liu Yang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Vascular injury after femoral neck fracture can determine its prognosis. This study aimed to determine methods of evaluating femoral neck fracture and accurately predicting the prognosis. METHODS: Forty-five patients with a single femoral neck fracture all underwent digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and were divided into three types by DSA. ...
Ko Eun Sook - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to predict residual lesion size after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and to determine the factors that influence the accuracy of response prediction. METHODS: This study comprised 166 patients who underwent MRI before and after ...
Hamada Mariko - - 2013
We developed an inexpensive laser induced fluorescence (LIF) dual-channel detection system and applied it to a ligase detection reaction (LDR)/capillary gel electrophoresis (CGE) method to identify the allelic composition of low-abundance point mutations in a large excess of wild-type DNA in a single reaction with a high degree of certainty. ...
Feng Tingting - - 2013
A new approach is proposed for simple detection of adenosine deaminase (ADA) based on adenosine induced self-assembly of two pieces of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). These ssDNA are two fragments of the aptamer that has a strong affinity for adenosine and are labeled with carboxyfluorescein and black hole quencher-1, respectively. The ...
Kim Chi Kyung CK Laboratory for Innovative Biotechnology, Department of Neurology, Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul 110-744, Republic of - - 2013
Leptin, one of the most important adipokines, is not only an energy regulator but also a regulator of innate immunity. Inflammation plays a key role in the tissue damage after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and we sought to investigate whether leptin has a detrimental effect on ICH. After the injection of ...
Chen Xiong - - 2013
Our former report indicates that calcyclin-binding protein or Siah-1-interacting protein (CacyBP/SIP) is over-expressed in the SGC7901/ADR cell line. However, the potential role of CacyBP/SIP in the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) of pancreatic cancer is still uncertain. In this paper, we investigated the role of CacyBP/SIP in MDR of pancreatic ...
Rincon Elizabeth - - 2013
Registered by the World Health Organization (WHO), 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MX) is one of the strongest bacterial mutagens ever tested, as highlighted by the Ames Salmonella typhimurium TA100 assay. We provide new insights concerning this mutagenic activity on the basis of global and local theoretically defined electrophilicity indices. Our results further support ...
Fleetham Tyler - - 2013
A white OLED with a maximum EQE of 20.1%, CIE coordinates of (0.33, 0.33) and CRI of 80 is fabricated based on platinum(II) bis(N-methyl-imidazolyl)benzene chloride (Pt-16). The device emission spectrum and the chemical structure of Pt-16 are shown in the inset of the efficiency versus luminance graph.
Tamoto Eiji - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and feasibility and discuss the oncological impact of a portal vein resection using the no-touch technique with a hepatectomy for locally advanced hilar cholangiocarcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2005 to March 2009, 49 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma underwent a major right-sided hepatectomy with curative intent. ...
Luppi Patrizia - - 2013
Hyperglycemia is considered to be the major cause of microvascular complications of diabetes. Growing evidence highlights the importance of hyperglycemia-mediated inflammation in the initiation and progression of microvascular complications in type 1 diabetes. We hypothesize that lack of proinsulin C-peptide and lack of its anti-inflammatory properties contribute to the development ...
Dayeh T A - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: To date, the molecular function of most of the reported type 2 diabetes-associated loci remains unknown. The introduction or removal of cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) dinucleotides, which are possible sites of DNA methylation, has been suggested as a potential mechanism through which single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) can affect gene function via epigenetics. ...
Vult von Steyern Kristina - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with Hirschsprung disease lack the normal rectoanal inhibitory reflex, which can be studied with anorectal manometry or US. OBJECTIVE: To see whether the rectoanal inhibitory reflex could be visualised with a modified contrast enema, thereby increasing the diagnostic accuracy of the contrast enema and reducing the number of ...
Weber Peter - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Intrathecal baclofen treatment (ITB) is widely used in children with cerebral palsy. Although this treatment effectively reduces spasticity, diverse side effects are reported. CASE REPORT: We report about a boy with severe asphyxia-induced encephalopathy with bilateral cerebral palsy. After starting the intrathecal baclofen treatment, he episodically showed symptoms of ...
Mischnik Marcel - - 2013
Platelets are critical for haemostasis and blood clotting. However, since under normal circumstances blood should flow without clotting, its function is regulated via a complex interplay of activating and inhibiting signal transduction pathways. Understanding this network is crucial for treatment of cardiovascular and bleeding diseases. Detailed protein interaction and phosphorylation ...
Koh C C Liver Diseases Branch, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and the Laboratory of Pathology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. - - 2013
Although the short-term benefits of a sustained virological response (SVR) to interferon-based therapies of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) are well known, the long-term consequences of SVR are less clear. To assess changes in markers of disease activity and fibrosis in patients followed up to 23 years post-SVR. The first 103 ...
Norström Thor T Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2013
Research suggests an association between population drinking and a large number of outcomes. However, driving while under the influence of alcohol (DWI) is conspicuously absent from this list of outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the relation between DWI and total consumption of alcohol on annual time-series ...
Stepensky David - - 2013
The chemical structure of any drug determines its pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Detailed understanding of relationships between the drug chemical structure and individual disposition pathways (i.e., distribution and elimination) is required for efficient use of existing drugs and effective development of new drugs. Different approaches have been developed for this purpose, ...
Muneyyirci-Delale Ozgul - - 2013
Abstract To assess the effect of glucophage, magnesium oxide and spironolactone in altering free fatty acids (FFAs), 36 PCOS women were randomly divided into three groups. Group 1 (n = 14) was treated with 500 mg glucophage po bid, group 2 (n = 10) was treated with 400 mg magnesium oxide po bid and group 3 ...
Denapoli Jessica J Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
DNA replication is regulated in response to environmental constraints such as nutrient availability. While much is known about regulation of replication during initiation, little is known about regulation of replication during elongation. In the bacterium Bacillus subtilis, replication elongation is paused upon sudden amino acid starvation by the starvation-inducible nucleotide ...
Chen Kun - - 2013
A biferrocenylene (BFD) thiol conjugate was prepared and self-assembled on a gold surface. The resulting SAMs with their extraordinary stability in the monocationic state were used to detect and quantify heparin (3-300 × 10-5 g L-1 = 0.003-0.3 U mL-1) and chondroitin sulfate (3-250 × 10-5 g L-1) in aqueous ...
Faruolo M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for head and neck cancer (HNC) the intimal-medial thickness (IMT) and the lumen of the carotid artery. METHODS: Patients with HNC and an indication for EBRT were enrolled. A carotid artery color Doppler examination was performed before and 6 and ...
Dionigi Gianlorenzo - - 2013
This is a commentary on the paper by Sadowski SM, Soardo P, Leuchter I, Robert JH, Triponez F. Systematic use of recurrent laryngeal nerve neuromonitoring changes the operative strategy in planned bilateral thyroidectomy. Thyroid. 2012 Dec 18. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 23249377.
Huang Mei-Chuan - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the levels of self-care behaviour, social support and quality of life among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients who underwent three regimens: taking medicine, taking-medicine-while dieting and taking-medicine-while-dieting-with exercise. BACKGROUND: Diabetes treatment is a critical concern worldwide. However, studies on self-care behaviour, social support and quality ...
Pisaneschi Silvia - - 2013
Low birthweight is associated with increased rates of coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension and non-insulin-dependent diabetes during adult life. This is thought to be the consequence of a 'programming', whereby a stimulus or insult at a critical, sensitive period of early life has permanent effects on structure, physiology and metabolism. ...
Hitchins Megan P - - 2013
Recognition by Warthin of the familial clustering of colorectal and gynaecological cancers a century ago laid the foundation for the recognition of familial cancer. By tracking afflicted pedigrees, Lynch defined the clinical characteristics and argued for a heritable genetic component to this autosomal dominant cancer susceptibility condition, now termed Lynch ...
Guo Yong - - 2013
Color is one of the phenotypic markers mostly used to study soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) genetic, molecular and biochemical processes. Two P450-dependent mono-oxygenases, flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase (F3'H; EC1.14.3.21) and flavonoid 3',5'-hydroxylase (F3'5'H, EC1.14.13.88), both catalyzing the hydroxylation of the B-ring in flavonoids, play an important role in coloration. Previous studies ...
Zhou Binbin - - 2013
An aniline-GGAAKLVFF peptide (AFP) was prepared by solid-phase synthesis. The peptide can readily self-assemble into fibrils. Platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs) were directly immobilized on the surface of the AFP fibrils via electrostatic interaction. Compared to other currently available techniques for the fabrication of metal-peptide fibrils, the noncovalent functionalization strategy is ...
Yang Ming-Kun - - 2013
Increasing evidence shows that protein phosphorylation on serine (Ser), threonine (Thr) and tyrosine (Tyr) residues is one of the major post-translational modifications in the bacteria, involved in regulating a myriad of physiological processes. Cyanobacteria are one of the largest groups of bacteria, and are the only prokaryotes capable of oxygenic ...
Kumar Veerendra - - 2013
Neuromodulin (Nm) and neurogranin (Ng) are neuron-specific substrates of protein kinase C (PKC). Their interactions with Calmodulin (CaM) are crucial for learning and memory formation in neurons. Here, we report the structure of IQ peptides (24aa) of Nm/Ng complexed with CaM and their functional studies with full-length proteins. Nm/Ng and ...
Wang Heng - - 2013
Canine influenza virus (CIV) is an emerging pathogen that causes severe and acute respiratory disease in dogs. In 2006, the H3N2 canine influenza virus was first identified in dogs from Guangdong province in China. Up to now, nine CIVs have been isolated from different populations in Guangdong. The nine isolates ...
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