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Results 251 - 300 of 2271
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Coban Arzu - - 2013
ABSTRACT We aimed to investigate various anti-neuronal antibodies in sera of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients to detect possible autoimmune encephalitis patients imitating ALS findings and to delineate the validity of routine screening of well-characterized anti-neuronal antibodies in ALS. The patients fulfilling the revised El Escorial diagnostic criteria for definite ...
Scheithauer Uwe - - 2013
Cross-contamination is observed on sample surfaces by Auger electron spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy if multiple samples are mounted on one sample holder and a neighbouring sample was sputter depth profiling. During sputter depth profiling, sputtered material is deposited on inner surfaces of the instrument. In a secondary sputter process, ...
Jones K W KW Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2013
A diet rich in dairy and calcium (Ca) has been variably associated with improvements in body composition and decreased risk of type 2 diabetes. Our objective was to determine if a dietary pattern high in dairy and Ca improves weight loss and subjective appetite to a greater extent than a ...
Negi Vishal Singh - - 2013
Rhizobium sp. strain TAL1145 catabolizes mimosine, which is a toxic non-protein amino acid present in Leucaena leucocephala (leucaena). The objective of this investigation was to study the biochemical and catalytic properties of the enzyme encoded by midD, one of the TAL1145 genes involved in mimosine degradation. The midD-encoded enzyme, MidD, ...
Wang Zhen - - 2013
Samples of gas- and particle-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were collected at three sampling stations (Xiaomai Island, Laohutan, and Zhangzi Island) in the north Yellow Sea, China during November 2008 and September 2009 to study their atmospheric transport potential and the gas/particle distributions. The composition of PAHs was dominated by ...
Shah Dipan J DJ Duke Cardiovascular MRI Center, DUMC 3934, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2013
Regional left ventricular (LV) wall thinning is believed to represent chronic transmural myocardial infarction and scar tissue. However, recent case reports using delayed-enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging raise the possibility that thinning may occur with little or no scarring. To evaluate patients with regional myocardial wall thinning and to ...
Hirsch P E - - 2013
While phenotypic responses to direct species interactions are well studied, we know little about the consequences of indirect interactions for phenotypic divergence. In this study we used lakes with and without the zebra mussel to investigate effects of indirect trophic interactions on phenotypic divergence between littoral and pelagic perch. We ...
Douglas Ned - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Depression and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) are two common entities, with common symptoms which makes identification of either condition difficult. Our aim was to examine, within a group of patients referred with snoring and OSA,1 the prevalence of depression with the 1 4 question Hospital Anxiety and ...
Milota Franz - - 2013
In J-aggregates of cyanine dyes, closely packed molecules form mesoscopic tubes with nanometer-diameter and micrometer-length. Their efficient energy transfer pathways make them suitable candidates for artificial light harvesting systems. This great potential calls for an in-depth spectroscopic analysis of the underlying energy deactivation network and coherence dynamics. We use two-dimensional ...
Kamperschroer Cris - - 2013
Abstract A number of immunomodulatory therapeutics increase the risk of disease associated with latent herpesviruses such as cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a member of the lymphocryptovirus (LCV) family that infects humans. The diseases associated with loss of immunity to these viruses can have major impacts on patients as ...
Zheng N-N - - 2013
Pregnancy and diabetes are regarded as individual risk factors for vaginal candidiasis. The high prevalence of vaginal candidiasis in pregnant diabetic women can be explained by disruption of the balance of the vaginal normal flora. However, little is known about the overall structure and composition of the vaginal fungal flora ...
Tahara Keishiro - - 2013
Heptamethyl (aquo)(pentafluorophenylthiolate)cobyrinate perchlorate, [(H2O)(C6F5S)Cob(iii)7C1ester]ClO4, was synthesized as a B12 model complex having a thiolate ligand in the axial position. The axial ligand change in heptamethyl (diaquo)cobyrinate diperchlorate, [(H2O)2Cob(iii)7C1ester](ClO4)2, from H2O to C6F5S- afforded the B12-thiolate complex. The B12-thiolate model complex was characterized by UV-vis, NMR and ESI-mass spectroscopies. The coordination ...
Plaitakis Andreas - - 2013
Mammalian glutamate dehydrogenase is an allosterically regulated enzyme that is central to glutamate metabolism. It contributes to important cellular processes, including Krebs cycle anaplerotic mechanisms, energy production, and ammonia homeostasis. In addition to this housekeeping hGDH1, humans have acquired through duplication an hGDH2 isoenzyme expressed in neural tissues with distinct ...
Du Peng - - 2013
The stability of lithium salts, especially in the presence of reduced oxygen species, O2 and H2O (even in a small amount), plays an important role in the cyclability and capacity of Li-O2 cells. This combined experimental and computational study provides evidence that the stability of the electrolyte used in Li-O2 ...
Agarwal Jayant - - 2013
PURPOSE: Distress is prevalent in breast cancer patients and can be detrimental to quality of life, performance status, treatment adherence, and satisfaction with medical care. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network developed the distress thermometer (DT) as a self-assessment tool for screening distress in cancer patients. Given time and financial constraints, ...
Meng Yuning - - 2013
Unique all-graphene core-sheath fibers composed of a graphene fiber core with a sheath of 3D graphene network have been developed. Used as flexible electrodes, all-solid-state fiber supercapacitor has been fabricated, which can be managed to highly compressible and stretchable spring supercapacitor and can also be woven into a textile for ...
Deutsch Mariel B MB Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, - - 2013
Glucocorticoids ameliorate neurologic symptoms in patients with glioblastoma, but their adverse effects limit long-term use. This study sought to identify factors associated with steroid taper success or failure in the early stages of glioblastoma treatment. We retrospectively reviewed steroid prescribing practices from date of surgery until one month following radiotherapy ...
Stavrou Ioannis J - - 2013
In this study, the dissolution of polysaccharides into an ionic liquid was investigated and applied as a coating onto the capillary walls of a fused-silica capillary in open-tubular CEC (OT-CEC). The coating was evaluated by examining the chiral separation of two analytes (thiopental, sotalol) with three cellulose derivatives (cellulose acetate, ...
Okachi Shotaro - - 2013
AIM: The usefulness and safety of endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) have been established recently, but no study has evaluated whether or not aging increases the risk of the procedure. In the present study, we aimed to assess the usefulness and safety of EBUS-TBNA in older patients. METHODS: The ...
Ha Le Minh - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Belamcanda chinensis has been used in oriental medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Tectorigenin is a main compound in B. chinensis and possess inhibitory activity against inflammatory responses. Thus, the current study aimed at evaluating toxicity as well as analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of tectorigenin in animal ...
Sahmay Sezai - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and antral follicle count (AFC) for the prediction of clinical pregnancy rates (CPR) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing IVF treatment. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: University hospital. ...
Féliz Luis R - - 2013
PURPOSE: To review the role of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapies in the personalized medicine era. METHODS: We searched PubMed for prospective clinical trials published through October 2012 of anti-VEGF agents approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or the European Medicines Agency. RESULTS: The use of anti-VEGF ...
Pacheco Adriana - - 2013
High-throughput platforms for microalgae screening are not yet commercially available. In this study, the feasibility of 96-well microplates was analyzed for microalgae research. Equivalence among wells, as culture microreactors, was investigated in controlled high CO2 conditions. Specific growth rates of two microalgae species, Scenedesmus sp. UTEX 1589 and an environmental ...
Roncarati Roberta R 1] Biomedical and Genetic Research Institute (IRGB), Milan Unit, National Research Council of Italy, Milan, Italy [2] Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Milan, - - 2013
Familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heterogeneous disease; although 30 disease genes have been discovered, they explain only no more than half of all cases; in addition, the causes of intra-familial variability in DCM have remained largely unknown. In this study, we exploited the use of whole-exome sequencing (WES) to ...
Cai Xiaoyi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) are involved in most physiological, developmental, and pathological processes. miR-192 and miR-205 are expressed preferentially in the renal cortex and closely relevant to the renal cell biology. In the present study, we aim to measure the serum levels of miR-192 and miR-205 and their correlation with ...
Siebenrock Klaus A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Valgus hips with increased antetorsion present with lack of external rotation and posterior hip pain that is aggravated with hip extension and external rotation. This may be the result of posterior femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked whether (1) the range of motion (ROM); (2) the location of anterior ...
Evangeliou Nikolaos - - 2013
Particulate (POC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) is an important parameter for the pollution assessment of coastal marine systems, especially those affected by anthropogenic, domestic, and industrial activities. In the present paper, a similar marine system (Saronikos Gulf) located in the west-central Aegean Sea (eastern Mediterranean Sea) was examined, in ...
Mullaney Jane Adair - - 2013
Glucosinolates from the genus Brassica can be converted into bioactive compounds known to induce phase II enzymes which may decrease the risk of cancers. Conversion via hydrolysis is usually by the brassica enzyme myrosinase which can be inactivated by cooking or storage. We examined the potential of three beneficial bacteria, ...
Huang Xue Bin - - 2013
The photoinduced mechanism of formation of mono- and di- adducts between 8-MOP and thymine bases is studied using the ONIOM(MPWB1K/6-31+G(d,p):B3LYP/6-31G(d,p):UFF) and B3LYP /6-31+G(d,p) methods. The relevant cycloaddition displays favorable energy barriers and reaction energies in the triplet excited state, which involves the initial formation of a diradical followed by ring ...
Zhou Guangmin - - 2013
Octahedral Co3O4 particles threaded by ultra-long multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) arrays were prepared by a hydrothermal process and subsequent calcination. The Co3O4 octahedron with the (111) facets attaches to MWCNTs uniformly and closely. The composite can be used as an integrated anode for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) without any other ...
Lee Y-S - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The pancreas and hypothalamus are critical for maintaining nutrient and energy homeostasis, and combined disorders in these organs account for the onset of the metabolic syndrome. Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) is an adaptive response transcription factor. The physiological role of ATF3 in the pancreas has been controversial, and ...
Thomsson Daniel - - 2013
We propose to combine the method of fluorescence intensity centroid localization with rotation of the plane of excitation polarization. Polarized light interacts selectively with differently oriented fluorophores; thus yielding topological information on the nanometer scale, without any need for fluorophore blinking. The method is applicable to photostable individual systems, when ...
Wang Ying - - 2013
Lotus corniculatus L. is used worldwide as a forage crop due to its abundance of secondary metabolites and its ability to grow in severe environments. Although the entire genome of L. corniculatus var. japonicus R. is being sequenced, the differences in morphology and production of secondary metabolites between these two ...
Ambavaram Vijaya Bhaskar Reddy - - 2013
A sensitive and selective liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of urapidil and aripiprazole in human plasma. A simple liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate was used for the sample preparation. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a Phenomenex C18 (4.6 × 50 mm, 5 µm) column ...
Abd-El-Barr Muhammad M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Neuroendoscopy has become an integral field within neurosurgery. It has allowed neurosurgeons unprecedented access to deep structures within both the cranial and spinal compartments, while allowing for minimal incisions, tissue retraction, and postoperative healing time. DISCUSSION: In this article, we trace the origins of this vital field to ancient ...
Lan Wen-Jie - - 2013
A general redox procedure was successfully developed for the controlled synthesis of substituted cobalt oxides with hierarchical flower-like nanostructures comprising unique Y-shaped interconnections. The substitution and nanostructures synergistically enhance the material's electrochemical activities for highly efficient sensing of H2O2.
Gassas Adam - - 2013
To review outcome of children post-allogeneic (allo) and autologous (auto) SCT with severe lung injury who had lung biopsy and to determine whether the diagnoses provided by lung biopsy had an impact on outcome. Retrospective study was carried out from January 2000 to June 2010. Nine hundred and eighteen children ...
Zhang Jia - - 2013
Contamination of food and drinking water by dangerous levels of nitrite has always been of strong concern and toxicity of this inorganic anion calls for convenient detection methods. Although some visible approaches were developed to deal with this problem, using environmentally incompatible organic reagents or functionalized nanoparticles may greatly limit ...
Lassak Kerstin - - 2013
Linking the motility apparatus to signal transduction systems enables microbes to precisely control their swimming behaviour according to environmental conditions. Bacteria have therefore evolved a complex chemotaxis machinery, which has presumably spread through lateral gene transfer into the euryarchaeal subkingdom. By contrast Crenarchaeota encode no chemotaxis-like proteins but are nevertheless ...
Gomes Hilary - - 2013
Individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often exhibit deficits in processing information about time. Most studies, however, have required participants to perform active tasks and consequently it is unclear if performance deficits are due to impaired processing of temporal information, attentional deficits, or to impairments at a later stage of decision-making. ...
Volp Kelly A - - 2013
Molecular modelling of an iodine(iii) phenoxide was used as a starting point in the design of chiral aryl iodide catalysts for stereoselective oxidative dearomatization reactions. Using this approach, catalysts derived from 8-iodotetralone and tartaric acid were constructed and used to synthesize enantioenriched para-quinols from phenols.
Bicanski Andrej - - 2013
The evolutionary transition from water to land required new locomotor modes and corresponding adjustments of the spinal "central pattern generators" for locomotion. Salamanders resemble the first terrestrial tetrapods and represent a key animal for the study of these changes. Based on recent physiological data from salamanders, and previous work on ...
Jonderko Krzysztof - - 2013
The aim of this study was to check on the reproducibility of two breath tests intended to test the pancreatic exocrine function accomplished with 13C-mixed triglyceride (13C-MTG) or cornflakes naturally enriched in 13C (13C-CF). The 13CO2 content within breath samples was determined with isotope-selective non-dispersive infrared spectrometry. A 72-h monitoring ...
Boltersdorf Stefanie - - 2013
Compared with physico-chemical deposition measurement methods, lichens are able to identify the long-term overall effects of high N pollution concentrations in the air. In addition, the natural abundances of the stable isotope of N, 15N, are being widely used in research on N cycling in ecosystems. They can also be ...
Dyakonova V E - - 2013
This study demonstrates that injection of the serotonin precursor 5-HTP causes substantial changes in the behavioral state, fighting behavior and ability to establish winner-loser relationships in male crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus). The characteristic features of 5-HTP-treated crickets include an elevated posture, enhanced general activity, longer duration of fighting, enhanced rival singing ...
Chung S D - - 2013
SUMMARY The relationship between sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and prostate cancer (PC) remains inconclusive. Moreover, all such studies to date have been conducted in Western populations. This study aimed to investigate the risk of PC following STI using a population-based matched-cohort design in Taiwan. The study cohort comprised 1055 patients ...
Kou Liangzhi - - 2013
Using density functional theory calculations, we show that recently synthesized carbon nanocomposites of graphene nanoribbons encapsulated in a carbon nanotube (GNR@CNT) possess rich emergent electronic and magnetic properties that offer new functionality and tunability and display systematic trends that are sensitive to the matchup of constitutive GNRs and CNTs. The ...
Miller Charles - - 2013
Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is associated with a low but finite and well documented risk of donor morbidity and mortality, therefore organizations and individuals involved in this activity must accept the fact that donor death is as a question of "when, not if". Studies in the field of crisis ...
Gaudio Carlo - - 2013
Congenital abnormalities of the coronary arteries here described are an uncommon form of structural heart disease. Nevertheless, they deserve attention because may cause chest pain and, in some cases, sudden cardiac death even during exercise. Traditional angiography has limitations due to its projectional and invasive nature. The recent development of ...
Hack C Erik - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human C1-inhibitor (rhC1INH) purified from milk of transgenic rabbits is used for the treatment of acute attacks in patients with hereditary angioedema (HAE) due to C1-inhibitor (C1INH) deficiency. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the risk of rhC1INH inducing IgE antibodies or eliciting anaphylactic reactions. METHODS: In subjects ...
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