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Mitra Joyee - - 2013
A series of [MoIVO(mnt)(SR)(N-N)]- (mnt = maleonitriledithiolate; R = Ph, nap, p-Cl-Ph, p-CO2H-Ph, and p-NO2-Ph; N-N = 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen)) complexes analogous to the reduced active site of enzymes of the sulfite oxidase family has been synthesized and their participation in electron transfer reactions studied. Equatorial thiolate and ...
Yang Chun - - 2013
This is the first time to prepare protein-imprinted polymers with "pending templates". The polymers were synthesized in the presence of a real sample (chicken egg white), rather than any known commercial proteins. Compared with a simultaneously synthesized non-imprinted control polymer, the polymers show higher adsorption capacity for abundant components (as ...
Alzahrani Abdulrahman D - - 2013
Advantages associated with the left ear (right brain hemisphere) have been reported in some studies. Of these, some have specifically suggested that the left ear has a more heightened ability to detect emotional tones. Meanwhile others have pointed to factors such as age and gender as potentially leading to manifestations ...
Joosten Leo A B - - 2013
Interleukin (IL)-32 is known as a proinflammatory cytokine that is likely involved in several diseases, including infections, chronic inflammation, and cancer. Since the first report in 2005, IL-32 has been the subject of numerous studies to unravel the biological function of this molecule. For example, silencing of endogenous IL-32 in ...
Forbes Thomas A - - 2013
We present three cases of organ transplantation for atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome secondary to complement factor H mutation: one isolated renal transplant; one previously reported isolated liver transplant; and one combined liver and kidney transplant. All three patients were treated prior to the licensing of eculizumab for this condition, and ...
Bolton Glen R - - 2013
Post-translational modifications can dramatically impact protein activity, but identifying such structure:function relationships, as well as capitalizing on functionally enhanced variants, is a significant challenge. Here, affinity chromatography resins that contained immobilized FcγRIII receptors were used to enrich nonfucosylated antibodies 6-9 fold, offering what may be a tractable method for both ...
Li D D Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Schepens Eye Research Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Resolution of inflammation is an active process mediated by pro-resolution lipid mediators. As resolvin (Rv) D1 is produced in the cornea, pro-resolution mediators could be effective in regulating inflammatory responses to histamine in allergic conjunctivitis. Two key mediators of resolution are the D-series resolvins RvD1 or aspirin-triggered RvD1 (AT-RvD1). We ...
Kong Xianglan - - 2013
In our screening for antitubercular agents, five naphtho-γ-pyrones including two new naphtho-γ-pyrones glycosides, indigotides G and H (1 and 2), and two diphenyl ethers were isolated from the extract of a sponge-derived fungus Metarhizium anisopliae mxh-99. Their structures were established on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic evidence. The antitubercular ...
Dennison Laura - - 2013
This qualitative study was nested within a trial of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and supportive listening for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). It aimed to enrich understanding of the changes made during therapy and to explore processes of change. In-depth interviews with 30 participants from the treatment trial were analysed ...
Moro Federico L - - 2013
This manuscript proposes a method to directly transfer the features of horse walking, trotting, and galloping to a quadruped robot, with the aim of creating a much more natural (horse-like) locomotion profile. A principal component analysis on horse joint trajectories shows that walk, trot, and gallop can be described by ...
Loprinzi Paul D - - 2013
Objectives: Few population-based studies examining the association between tinnitus and depression among older adults have been conducted. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the association between tinnitus and depression among a nationally representative sample of US older adults. Methods: Data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition ...
Worede G M - - 2013
The international Brown Swiss cattle population pedigree was studied to measure genetic variations and to identify the most influential animals. Twenty-two countries provided pedigree information on 71 497 Brown Swiss bulls used for artificial insemination (AI). The total number of animals with the pedigree is 181 094. The mean inbreeding ...
Cui Hong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: With the improvement of perinatal care and neonatal intensive care technology in recent years, a preterm infant, especially with small gestational age and very low birth weight, survives more and more. At the same time, adverse neurodevelopmental prognosis caused by brain damage in preterm infant also increased significantly. Preterm ...
Zhou Xiaosi - - 2013
Si-C hybrid nanofibers with a core-shell structure of Si nanoparticles confined in porous carbon nanofibers are fabricated by a single-nozzle electrospinning technique. The as-obtained Si nanoparticles/porous carbon hybrid nanofibers exhibit excellent properties in terms of cycling performance and rate capabilities for application as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries.
Liu Wei - - 2013
Simple and cheap alcohols can promote the direct arylation of unactivated arenes with aryl iodides and bromides in the presence of potassium tert-butoxide. This transition-metal-free aromatic C-H transformation offers a cheap and easy practical way to synthesize biaryls under mild conditions.
Varma Abhay K AK Department of Neurosciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. - - 2013
The incidence of acute and chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) in the United States is more than 10,000 per year, resulting in 720 cases per million persons enduring permanent disability each year. The economic impact of SCI is estimated to be more than 4 billion dollars annually. Preclinical studies, case ...
Ratnaningsih Enny - - 2013
Staphylococcus sp. WL1 lipase (LipFWS) was investigated for methanolysis of crude palm oil (CPO) at moderate temperatures. Experiments were conducted in the following order: searching for the suitable bacterium for producing lipase from activated sludge, sequencing lipase gene, identifying lipase activity, then synthesising CPO biodiesel using the enzyme. From bacterial ...
Horisawa Shiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Musician's dystonia is a task-specific movement disorder that causes twisting or repetitive abnormal finger postures and movements, which tend to occur only while playing musical instruments. Such a movement disorder will probably lead to termination of the careers of affected professional musicians. Most of the currently available treatments have ...
Neoh Chin Fen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Micafungin demonstrated non-inferiority to caspofungin as definitive therapy for candidaemia and invasive candidiasis (IC) in a major randomised clinical trial. The aim of this study was to investigate if micafungin is a cost-saving option compared to caspofungin for treating candidaemia and IC. METHODS: A decision analytical model was constructed ...
Gulati Ankur A Royal Brompton Hospital, London, - - 2013
Risk stratification of patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy is primarily based on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Superior prognostic factors may improve patient selection for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and other management decisions. To determine whether myocardial fibrosis (detected by late gadolinium enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance [LGE-CMR] imaging) is an independent ...
Segura S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Malignant transformation of oral lichen planus (OLP) to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is controversial. C-MYC is a proto-oncogene involved in various solid tumours, including OSCC. OBJECTIVES: To determine MYC status by florescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in OLP lesions from 10 patients with progression to ...
Dhiman Radha K - - 2013
There is a strong relationship between liver and gut; while the portal venous system receives blood from the gut, and its contents may affect liver functions, liver in turn, affects intestinal functions through bile secretion. There is robust evidence that the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is linked to alterations ...
Bizzarri Federico - - 2013
Lyapunov exponents are a basic and powerful tool to characterise the long-term behaviour of dynamical systems. The computation of Lyapunov exponents for continuous time dynamical systems is straightforward whenever they are ruled by vector fields that are sufficiently smooth to admit a variational model. Hybrid neurons do not belong to ...
Murphy Thomas E - - 2013
This paper reports a novel multispectral image processing technique for rapid, non-invasive quantification of biomass concentration in attached and suspended algae cultures. Monitoring the biomass concentration is critical for efficient production of biofuel feedstocks, food supplements, and bioactive chemicals. Particularly, non-invasive and rapid detection techniques can significantly aid in providing ...
Charalampopoulos D - - 2013
Background/Objective:A strict and lifelong commitment to a gluten-free diet (GFD) remains one of the most challenging issues in children with coeliac disease. The present study aimed to record compliance rates and investigate the connection between dietary compliance and demographics, disease-related factors and parental knowledge.Subjects/Methods:Parents of 90 Greek children diagnosed with ...
Yayeh Taddesse - - 2013
Mushrooms have a long history of dietary benefits in Asia due to their health-promoting effects. Phellinus baumii, a wild mushroom, has been reported to have anti-platelet, anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity and free radical scavenging activities. However, its anti-rheumatoid arthritis (RA) property remains poorly understood. Hence, we investigated the protective effect of Phellinus ...
Chen Antonia F AF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15206, - - 2013
Staphylococcus aureus is the most common organism responsible for orthopaedic surgical site infections (SSIs). Patients who are carriers for methicillin-sensitive S. aureus or methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) have a higher likelihood of having invasive S. aureus infections. Although some have advocated screening for S. aureus and decolonizing it is unclear ...
Kołodyńska Dorota - - 2013
Complexing agents are extensively applied in many fields of industry. They are used to provide effective controlling trace metal ions in cleaning industries, textile, pulp and paper production, water treatment, agriculture, food industries, etc. Recently, the low biodegradability of these ligands and their accumulation in the environment has become a ...
Akturk Mujde - - 2013
Abstract Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a syndrome related with mood and appetite changes during the late luteal phase. Leptin and insulin are the hormones related to appetite, and leptin may have a role in reproductive functions and mood. Our aim was to determine whether there are differences in serum ...
Wei Binnian B Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, A Joint Institute of Rutgers University and University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, - - 2013
Assessment of potential health risks to flight attendants from exposure to pyrethroid insecticides, used for aircraft disinsection, is limited because of (a) lack of information on exposures to these insecticides, and (b) lack of tools for linking these exposures to biomarker data. We developed and evaluated a physiologically based pharmacokinetic ...
Kohlmeier Fanni - - 2013
Recently, a novel DNA replication precursor analogue called 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) has been widely used to monitor DNA synthesis as an alternative to bromodeoxyuridine. Use of EdU benefits from simplicity and reproducibility and the simple chemical detection systems allows excellent preservation of nuclear structure. However, the alkyne moiety is highly reactive, ...
Naumann L - - 2013
Anticytokine therapies have revolutionized the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases, particularly autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. As the first introduced principle of cytokine blockade in the 1990s, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α antagonists still represent the leading anticytokine therapy. There are currently five TNF antagonists available with indications in the ...
Wang Xiebing - - 2013
NIR-emitting CdSeTe/CdS/ZnS core/shell/shell QD-encoded microbeads are combined with common flow cytometry with one laser for multiplexed detection of hepatitis B virus (HBV). A facile one-pot synthetic route is developed to prepare CdSeTe/CdS/ZnS core/shell/shell QDs with high photoluminescence quantum yield and excellent stability in liquid paraffin, and a Shirasu porous glass ...
Nason G J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Stress and burnout are common among doctors. Excess levels of stress have been shown to have detrimental personal and professional effects as well as a negative influence on patient care. AIM: The aim of our pilot study was to assess the levels of burnout among a cohort of interns. ...
Cauley R P - - 2013
In pediatric renal transplantation in the setting of IVC thrombosis, the retrohepatic IVC or gonadal veins are often used for outflow. However, if use of systemic venous outflow is unsuccessful, options become limited. We report the use of the portal vein for venous outflow in kidney retransplantation in the setting ...
Ozyurt Bayraktar H - - 2013
1 The nitrergic system modulates cardiovascular functions of the central nucleus of amygdala (CeA) and the posterior hypothalamus (PH) which are involved in the central regulation of the cardiovascular system. The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of nitric oxide (NO) in the PH in eliciting cardiovascular ...
Old Oliver J - - 2013
Under-representation of ethnic minority groups in bariatric surgery rates has been reported in the USA. Ethnic minorities form 7.9 % of the UK population, but comparable data on provision of bariatric surgery for these groups have not previously been reported in the UK. We calculated an estimate of rates of bariatric ...
Khinast Johannes J Institute for Process and Particle Engineering, Graz University of Technology, Graz, - - 2013
This paper presents a novel one-step process for converting a liquid stabilized nano-suspension into a solid formulation via hot-melt extrusion combined with an internal devolatilization process (nano-extrusion, NANEX). A polymer (Soluplus®) was fed into the extruder and molten, after which a stable nano-suspension was added via side-feeding devices. The solvent ...
Teperino Raffaele - - 2013
The DNA sequence largely defines gene expression and phenotype. However, it is becoming increasingly clear that an additional chromatin-based regulatory network imparts both stability and plasticity to genome output, modifying phenotype independently of the genetic blueprint. Indeed, alterations in this "epigenetic" control layer underlie, at least in part, the reason ...
Shin Crystal S - - 2013
The importance and advantages of three-dimensional (3D) cell cultures have been well-recognized. Tumor cells cultured in a 3D culture system as multicellular tumor spheroids (MTS) can bridge the gap between in vitro and in vivo anticancer drug evaluations. An in vitro 3D tumor model capable of providing close predictions of ...
Mondain V - - 2013
PURPOSE: To describe the antifungal stewardship programme in our hospital and to assess its impact on total antifungal prescriptions and their cost, and on the process of care measures regarding the diagnostic and therapeutic management of invasive aspergillosis and candidaemia. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study describing the multifaceted ...
Clark Gavin - - 2013
Custom cutting guides based on pre-operative imaging have been introduced for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of this prospective cohort study was to assess the reliability of repeated placement of custom cutting guides by multiple surgeons in a group of patients undergoing TKA. Custom cutting guides (ShapeMatch®, Stryker Orthopaedics) ...
Han Sungwon - - 2013
Metal pollutants are a global health risk due to their ability to contribute to a variety of diseases. Aluminum (Al), a ubiquitous environmental contaminant is implicated in anemia, osteomalacia, hepatic disorder, and neurological disorder. In this review, we outline how this intracellular generator of reactive oxygen species (ROS) triggers a ...
Zhang Jiange - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is often beneficial from testosterone replacement therapy. Although testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) are inversely associated with the risk of MetS, it is controversial whether the association between testosterone and MetS is independent of SHBG. METHODS: Testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and MetS were ...
Ning Shangwei S College of Bioinformatics Science and Technology, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, - - 2013
Large intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) are emerging as key factors of multiple cellular processes. Cumulative evidence has linked lincRNA polymorphisms to diverse diseases. However, the global properties of lincRNA polymorphisms and their implications for human disease remain largely unknown. Here we performed a systematic analysis of naturally occurring variants in ...
Pal B B - - 2013
SUMMARY A large outbreak of cholera reported during April-July 2009 in the Kendrapada district of Odisha, India was investigated. Forty-one rectal swabs and 41 water samples, collected from diarrhoeal patients and from different villages were bacteriologically analysed for the isolation of bacterial enteriopathogens, antibiogram profile and detection of various toxic ...
Ingels Ann-Sofie M E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), well known as a party drug, especially in Europe, is also legally used (sodium oxybate, Xyrem®) to treat a rare sleep disorder, narcolepsy with cataplexy. This exploratory study was set up to measure GHB concentrations in dried blood spots (DBS) collected by narcoleptic patients treated with ...
Tromp I I M - - 2013
Background/objectives:Many parents do not follow recommendations for the timing of introduction of complementary feeding. The aim of this study was to identify determinants associated with the timing of introduction of complementary feeding in a multiethnic birth cohort.Subjects/methods:Subjects were 3561 mothers and infants participating in a prospective cohort study. The timing ...
Tsalkidou Evanthia A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are encountered frequently in children, and their early diagnosis and treatment are important. This study evaluates the diagnostic value of serum concentrations of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), an acute-phase protein, in children with febrile UTI and compares it to those of the total white blood cell ...
Chlot Sara - - 2013
The main objectives of this study were to (a) study the interaction between N and P cycles in mining-affected aquatic systems and (b) to quantify release rates of sedimentary soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) that may be related to this interaction. Sediment cores and water from Lake Bruträsket (Boliden, northern Sweden) ...
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