Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 2271
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Butler Katherine K Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, - - 2013
Infections following repeated, low-dose (RLD), mucal S(H)IV exposures of macaques are used to model sexual HIV exposures for biomedical prevention testing. Different susceptibilities among animals can complicate study designs. In rhesus macaques, TRIM5 alleles Q, CypA, and TFP are resistance factors for infection with some S(H)IV strains, but not for ...
Luan Bowu B Department of Chemistry, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3400, - - 2013
Cold denaturation is a general property of globular proteins, but it is difficult to directly characterize because the transition temperature of protein cold denaturation, T(c), is often below the freezing point of water. As a result, studies of protein cold denaturation are often facilitated by addition of denaturants, using destabilizing ...
Zou Lufeng L Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, - - 2013
The site selectivities and stereoselectivities of C-H oxidations of substituted cyclohexanes and trans-decalins by dimethyldioxirane (DMDO) were investigated computationally with quantum mechanical density functional theory (DFT). The multiconfiguration CASPT2 method was employed on model systems to establish the preferred mechanism and transition state geometry. The reaction pathway involving a rebound ...
Cho Eun Jung EJ Department of Industrial and Physical Pharmacy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, - - 2013
Nanoparticles have received enormous attention as a promising tool to enhance target-specific drug delivery and diagnosis. Various in vitro and in vivo techniques are used to characterize a new system and predict its clinical efficacy. These techniques enable efficient comparison across nanoparticles and facilitate a product optimization process. On the ...
Deligianni Elena E Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, FORTH, Heraklion, - - 2013
Successful gametogenesis of the malaria parasite depends on egress of the gametocytes from the erythrocytes within which they developed. Egress entails rupture of both the parasitophorous vacuole membrane and the erythrocyte plasma membrane, and precedes the formation of the motile flagellated male gametes in a process called exflagellation. We show ...
Walczak Maciej A MA Laboratory for Bioorganic Chemistry, Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research, 1275 York Avenue, New York, New York 10065, - - 2013
A unified strategy for the syntheses of bi- and triantennary fully sialylated N-glycans is described. The synthesis capitalizes on a global glycosylation strategy that delivers the desired undeca- and tetradecasaccharide in excellent yields. Finally, conjugation of the glycan to PSMA oligopeptide is described.
Xue Bo B Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, 61 Biopolis Drive, Singapore - - 2013
The in vitro evolution and engineering of quorum-quenching lactonases with enhanced reactivities was achieved using a thermostable GKL enzyme as a template, yielding the E101G/R230C GKL mutant with increased catalytic activity and a broadened substrate range [Chow, J. Y., Xue, B., Lee, K. H., Tung, A., Wu, L., Robinson, R. ...
Han Han H Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, - - 2013
The delivery of therapeutics via nanoscaled vehicles for solid cancer treatment can be enhanced by the incorporation of a targeting capability. Here, we describe a new method for assembling a targeted nanoparticle that utilizes the reversible covalent complexation between boronic acids and diols to achieve a targeted nanoparticle for the ...
De Vleeschouwer Freija F Eenheid Algemene Chemie (ALGC), Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium. - - 2013
In this study, for the first time inverse design was applied to search for the intrinsically most stable radical system in a predefined chemical space of enormous size by scanning in a rational way that entire chemical space. The focus was predominantly on thermodynamic stabilization effects, such as stabilization through ...
Thomas J P - - 2013
Cholesteatomas can be subclassified into genuine and acquired forms. Whilst epidermoid formations are the generally accepted cause of genuine cholesteatomas, metaplasia, immigration, proliferation and retraction pocket theories have all been proposed to explain the development of acquired cholesteatomas. Clinically, paediatric cholesteatomas exhibit more extensive and aggressive growth than those arising ...
Naing Cho - - 2013
Individual epidemiologic studies as well as the pooled analysis of observational studies have indicated the association between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and hepatitis C virus infection (HCV). Whether HCV infection is the cause of diabetes or diabetic patients are more prone to get HCV infection is still in question. The ...
Canis M - - 2013
The Bonebridge is an active bone conduction implant (BCI) that is primarily indicated in patients with conductive and combined hearing loss. However, many of these patients present with a radical cavity as a result of previous surgery. In these cases, the implant should not be introduced into the mastoid region, ...
Mozet C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To assess the feasibility of omitting thermal coagulation following cold knife tonsillectomy, we compared the use of a local thrombin hemostat (FloSeal®, FS) to bipolar electrocautery (EK). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 181 patients with chronic tonsillitis or tonsillar hypertrophy were stratified in terms of patient characteristics and randomized ...
Canbek K - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Bovine teeth are commonly used as substitutes for human teeth in scientific investigations. The present study was performed in vitro with the objective of comparing bovine and human enamel subjected to thermocycling for microleakage beneath metal brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 bovine and human teeth (25 per ...
Steffen A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Balloon sinuplasty (functional endoscopic dilation surgery, FEDS) has become established as a safe therapeutic procedure for treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis. Our goal was to assess the effect on quality of life (QoL) using validated tools and identify predictive factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consecutive cohort of 14 patients was evaluated ...
Lisson J A - - 2013
We performed this study to describe changes in the soft-tissue profile after orthodontic treatment with Tränkmann's bite-jumping appliances. A total of 69 patients thus treated were compared to a control group of 36 age-matched patients based on cephalograms. Statistical analysis included mean values, standard deviations, t-tests, and Pearson's correlation testing. Highly significant ...
Landmann A - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to quantify the degree of association between juvenile refraction errors and parental refraction status. METHODS: Using a simple questionnaire we conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence and magnitudes of refractive errors and of parental refraction status in a sample (n = 728) of ...
Kataoka Ryota - - 2013
Endosulfan and endosulfan sulfate are persistent organic pollutants that cause serious environmental problems. Although these compounds are already prohibited in many countries, residues can be detected in soils with a history of endosulfan application. Endosulfan is transformed in the environment into endosulfan sulfate, which is a toxic and persistent metabolite. ...
Grundig H - - 2013
Goltz-Gorlin syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant hereditary disease associated with a high rate of spontaneous mutation. Diagnosis is based on clinically defined major and minor criteria. The disease is caused by a gene mutation locating to chromosome 9q22-31. We report on a young Goltz-Gorlin syndrome patient with obstructive sleep ...
Kirmani Deeba - - 2013
Abstract The oxidative role(s) of p66Shc protein has been increasingly expanded over the last decade. However, its relation with the most potent antioxidant molecule, i.e. ascorbic acid has never been studied. We have previously shown that p66Shc mediates rac1 activation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cell death. Here we ...
Zhang Lei - - 2013
Previous studies showed that capsaicinoid supplementation favorably modifies the plasma lipoprotein profile. The present study investigated the effect of capsaicinoids on plasma lipids and gene expressions of key receptors and enzymes involved in cholesterol metabolism in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. OVX rats were fed with a cholesterol-free diet and orally administered ...
Furukawa Kentaro - - 2013
All living cells respond to external stimuli and execute specific physiological responses through signal transduction pathways. Understanding the mechanisms controlling signalling pathways is important for diagnosing and treating diseases and for reprogramming cells with desired functions. Although many of the signalling components in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been ...
Al-Nammari Shafic Said - - 2013
The media are pivotal in educating and informing the general public. The stories they cover and how they cover them has a powerful influence on public perceptions. There have been no previous reports of the portrayal of bone tumours in the press. LexisNexis™ Professional search engine used to retrieve articles ...
Sie Karen K Y - - 2013
SCOPE: Intrauterine and early-life exposure to folic acid has significantly increased in North America owing to folic acid fortification, widespread supplemental use, and periconceptional supplementation. We investigated the effect of maternal and postweaning folic acid supplementation on DNA methylation in the rat offspring. METHODS AND RESULTS: Female rats were placed ...
Sgarbossa Antonella - - 2013
Intrinsic fluorescence of peptides and proteins is extensively used to monitor their specific interactions with several natural and synthetic molecules known to have wide-ranging beneficial or detrimental effects on health. A consequence of these interactions would be a significant decrease of the fluorescence emission intensity of Tyrosine (Tyr) and/or Tryptophan ...
Yang Hua - - 2013
Microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography (MEEKC) is a capillary electrophoresis (CE) separation technique which utilizes buffered microemulsions as the separation media. In the past two decades, MEEKC has blossomed into a powerful separation technique for the analysis of a wide range of compounds. Pseudostationary phase composition is so critical to successful resolution ...
Dai Jessica - - 2013
Purpose: The Medispec E3000TM is a new generation electrohydraulic lithotripter with a wider focal width comparable to the Dornier HM3TM. Herein, we evaluate the efficacy of this machine for treatment of urinary stones at our institution by shockwave lithotripsy (SWL). Materials and Methods: 168 urinary calculi were treated using the ...
Vallianatou Theodosia - - 2013
Binding of drugs to human serum albumin (HSA) strongly influences their pharmacokinetic behavior and is associated with drug safety issues, low clearance, low brain penetration, as well as drug-drug interactions. Thus, in silico prediction of HSA binding contributes significantly to the discovery of new drug candidates. The authors provide a ...
Lazaros Leandros - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Cytochrome P450 aromatase catalyzes the irreversible transformation of androgens into estrogens. The association of CYP19(TTTA)n polymorphism with the hormonal profile and the assisted reproduction outcome of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) was explored. Methods: One hundred and thirty-two women with PCOS and 200 with male-factor infertility, as ...
Siri C - - 2013
Imaging and neuropathology studies have demonstrated significant abnormalities not only in subcortical, but also in cortical regions of patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA). This raises the possibility that cognitive dysfunction may contribute to the clinical spectrum of this disorder to a greater extent than it is currently not widely ...
Montagna M T - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to evaluate the epidemiology of invasive fungal infections (IFIs) in patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) in Southern Italy and the in vitro antifungal susceptibility of isolates. METHODS: A surveillance program was implemented in 18 ICUs. IFI cases were recorded using ...
Rodríguez Juana - - 2013
Determination of pregabalin in urine samples was carried out by non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis with time of flight mass spectrometry via electrospray ionization, with a mixture of 10 mM ammonium formate and 0.05% acetic acid in methanol. By using time of flight mass spectrometry, accurate mass information was obtained, thus causing ...
Niederdeppe Jeff J Department of Communication, Cornell University, 328 Kennedy Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA. - - 2013
While statin drugs are recommended for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD), there is no medical consensus on whether or not a statin should be added to lifestyle change efforts for primary prevention of CHD. Previous research suggests that exposure to direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) increases drug demand among those ...
Chung A Y F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether intrahepatic injection of 131I-lipiodol (Lipiodol) is effective against recurrence of surgically resected hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: From June 2001 through March 2007, this nationwide multi-center prospective randomized controlled trial enrolled 103 patients 4-6 weeks after curative resection of HCC with ...
Vajda F J E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study associations between patterns of fetal malformation and individual antiepileptic drugs taken during pregnancy. METHODS: Multiple variable logistic regression and other statistical analyses of data relating to 1733 fetuses from 1703 pregnancies (147 of which were not exposed to antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy). RESULTS: There were statistically significant ...
Lyu Ju Hyeong - - 2013
Aqueous extracts of the dried mature (ANP-W) and immature Citrus unshiu peels (CUP-W) have been used as a traditional folk medicine for the treatment of gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders in Korea. In the present study, neither ANP-W nor CUP-W exhibited significant toxicity even at an oral dose of 5 g/kg to ...
Klotz Matthias C M MC Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Heidelberg University Clinics, Heidelberg, Germany. - - 2013
With cerebral palsy (CP), an equinus deformity may lead to genu recurvatum. Botulinum toxin A (BtA) injection into the calf muscles is a well-accepted treatment for dynamic equinus deformity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether BtA injections into the calf muscles to decrease equinus would decrease coexisting ...
Liu Zhirui - - 2013
Although various techniques have been employed to analyze drug metabolites, the metabolism of multi-component herbal medicine has seldom been fully addressed. In contrast to chemical drugs, a number of compounds in herbal medicine could get into circulation and then be metabolized. Metabolism study on active constituents in herbal medicine is ...
Nishimura Yasumitsu Y Department of Hygiene, Kawasaki Medical School, 577 Matsushima, Kurashiki 701-0192, Japan. - - 2013
Asbestos exposure causes asbestosis and malignant mesothelioma, disorders which remain difficult to cure. We focused on alveolar macrophages (AM) and natural killer (NK) cells in asbestosis and mesothelioma, respectively, and examined their functions upon exposure to asbestos or in patients with mesothelioma. Exposure to asbestos caused rat AM to exhibit ...
Lee Kwahun - - 2013
Glutaraldehyde causes especially high autofluorescence. It reacted with proteins and peptides to generate visible to near-IR emitters. A model indicated that ethylenediamine and a secondary amine in the molecule were key components for the formation of emissive species. The mechanism enables us to control the generation and elimination of autofluorescence.
Xie Hongyan - - 2013
Schistosome infection could cause significant liver damage in animal; Th2 cells play an important role in the progress of this disease. In our study, C57BL/6 mice were infected by Schistosoma japonicum and lymphocytes were isolated from the liver to detect some characteristics of interleukin-5 (IL-5)-producing T cells by different methods. ...
Gefroh Eva - - 2013
(1→3)-β-D-glucans (beta-glucans) have been found in raw materials used in the manufacture of recombinant therapeutics. Because of their biological activity, beta-glucans are considered process contaminants and consequently their level in the product needs to be controlled. While beta-glucans introduced into the cell culture process can readily be removed by bind-and-elute ...
Wang Cheng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ketamine is used as a general anesthetic, and recent data suggest that anesthetics can cause neurodegeneration and/or neuroprotection. The precise mechanisms are not completely understood. AIMS: This review is to examine the work on ketamine and to address how developmental biology may be utilized when combined with biochemical, pathological, ...
Pucci Bruna - - 2013
The research of the last decade highlighted the existence of a family of genes activated by cellular stresses that allow the cells to reactivate defense and repair activities regardless of age. The prolonged activation of these genes enhances the organism health and lifespan. Members of this gene family are called ...
Fend F - - 2013
Plasma cell malignancies are tumors of terminally differentiated B-cells in which the neoplastic plasma cells are the dominant and proliferating tumor cell component. Plasma cell myeloma (PCM) is one of the most common hematological neoplasms and typically does not cause diagnostic problems. A morphologically and immunophenotypically detectable plasmacellular orplasmablastic differentiation ...
WojdyƂo Aneta - - 2013
Phytochemical profiles (phenolic compounds, l-ascorbic acid, antioxidant and PPO activities) of 13 different quince varieties and 5 genotypes were studied. Polyphenols were identified by LC-PDA-QTof/MS and quantified by UPLC-PDA and UPLC-FL. A total of 26 polyphenolic compounds found in quince tissues were identified and presented: 9 flavan-3-ols ((-)-epicatechin, procyanidin B2, ...
Kinami Yo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are no evidence on the effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on surgically managed fresh fractures. We therefore performed a multicenter retrospective cohort study to investigate the effects of LIPUS on surgically managed fresh fractures. METHODS: This study included patients surgically treated for diaphyseal fractures of the femur ...
Kim Gap-Don - - 2013
Myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms have been considered as makers for muscle fiber types in relation to meat quality, whereas MHC isoforms in porcine skeletal muscle have not been fully identified. The improved technique of sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) were used to separate ...
Lineaweaver William C - - 2013
Skin graft coverage of critical marginal wounds in microsurgical cases is the earliest described method for coverage of exposed vessels, nerves, and other vital structures at the margins of replanted or transplanted tissue. A case of immediate graft coverage of vein and nerve graft repairs in a gunshot wound is ...
Fort Diego A - - 2013
Intramolecular [2+2] photocycloaddition reactions of diversely substituted N-Boc protected 4-(allylaminomethyl)-2(5H)-furanones resulted in rigid products (53-75%) with three spatially defined positions for further functionalisation.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >