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Kim Chi Kyung - - 2013
Leptin, one of the most important adipokines, is not only an energy regulator but also a regulator of innate immunity. Inflammation plays a key role in the tissue damage after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and we sought to investigate whether leptin has a detrimental effect on ICH. After the injection of ...
Chen Xiong - - 2013
Our former report indicates that calcyclin-binding protein or Siah-1-interacting protein (CacyBP/SIP) is over-expressed in the SGC7901/ADR cell line. However, the potential role of CacyBP/SIP in the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) of pancreatic cancer is still uncertain. In this paper, we investigated the role of CacyBP/SIP in MDR of pancreatic ...
Rincon Elizabeth - - 2013
Registered by the World Health Organization (WHO), 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MX) is one of the strongest bacterial mutagens ever tested, as highlighted by the Ames Salmonella typhimurium TA100 assay. We provide new insights concerning this mutagenic activity on the basis of global and local theoretically defined electrophilicity indices. Our results further support ...
Fleetham Tyler - - 2013
A white OLED with a maximum EQE of 20.1%, CIE coordinates of (0.33, 0.33) and CRI of 80 is fabricated based on platinum(II) bis(N-methyl-imidazolyl)benzene chloride (Pt-16). The device emission spectrum and the chemical structure of Pt-16 are shown in the inset of the efficiency versus luminance graph.
Tamoto Eiji - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and feasibility and discuss the oncological impact of a portal vein resection using the no-touch technique with a hepatectomy for locally advanced hilar cholangiocarcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2005 to March 2009, 49 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma underwent a major right-sided hepatectomy with curative intent. ...
Richardson Arthur J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: By attenuating the systemic inflammatory response to major surgery, the pre-operative administration of steroids may reduce the incidence of complications. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing pre-operative steroid administration with placebo during a liver resection. Meta-analyses were performed. RESULTS: Five RCTs were ...
Gustafson Alison - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the association between dietary outcomes and the neighbourhood food environment (street network distance from home to stores) and consumer food environment (Nutrition Environment Measurement Survey-Stores (NEMS-S) audit). DESIGN: The neighbourhood food environment was captured by creating 0·5-mile and 1-mile network distance ...
Nakashita Rumiko - - 2013
We determined the magnitude of isotopic fractionation of carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios (as enrichment factors, Δδ13C and Δδ15N, respectively) between the tissues and diets of captive Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) using a controlled feeding experiment, to provide basic data for reconstructing their feeding habits. The Δδ13C and Δδ15N ...
Phillips L K - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Recent work suggests that macronutrients are pro-inflammatory and promote oxidative stress. Reports of postprandial regulation of total adiponectin have been mixed, and there is limited information regarding postprandial changes in high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a standardised high-fat meal ...
Benzeval Ian - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate whether permeation enhancement techniques affect the nail plate. METHODS: Infrared and impedance spectroscopies examined the effects of hydration, iontophoresis and N-acetyl-L-cysteine on the human nail. RESULTS: While significant shifts to higher wavenumbers were observed for the symmetric and asymmetric -CH2 stretching vibrations these changes were essentially the ...
Lledó Agustí - - 2013
Medium sized trans-cycloalkenes are unusually reactive in the intermolecular Pauson-Khand reaction (PKR) with regard to typical monocyclic alkenes. This is due to the ring strain imparted by the E stereochemistry. The PKR of these alkenes offers a modular, regioselective and straightforward entry to trans fused [n.3.0] bicyclic scaffolds (n = ...
Weston Mitchell H - - 2013
Porous organic polymers bearing metal-catecholate groups were evaluated for their ability to remove airborne ammonia, cyanogen chloride, sulphur dioxide, and octane by micro-breakthrough analysis. For ammonia, the metal-catecholate materials showed remarkable uptake under humid conditions.
Kim S Y - - 2013
The human supraspinatus muscle is clinically important as it is frequently injured in older adults and the elderly. We have previously shown that the supraspinatus has a complex architecture with two distinct regions each consisting of three parts. Further we have found dynamic changes in architectural parameters such as fiber ...
Ide Jaime S - - 2013
Alcohol use and misuse is known to involve structural brain changes. Numerous imaging studies have examined changes in gray matter (GM) volumes in dependent drinkers, but there is little information on whether non-dependent drinking is associated with structural changes and whether these changes are related to psychological factors-such as alcohol ...
Sun Wei-Lun - - 2013
Abstinence from cocaine self-administration (SA) is associated with neuroadaptations in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and nucleus accumbens (NAc) that are implicated in cocaine-induced neuronal plasticity and relapse to drug-seeking. Alterations in cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) signaling are prominent in medium spiny neurons in the NAc after repeated cocaine exposure ...
Kohlmeier Fanni - - 2013
Recently, a novel DNA replication precursor analogue called 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) has been widely used to monitor DNA synthesis as an alternative to bromodeoxyuridine. Use of EdU benefits from simplicity and reproducibility and the simple chemical detection systems allows excellent preservation of nuclear structure. However, the alkyne moiety is highly reactive, ...
Naumann L - - 2013
Anticytokine therapies have revolutionized the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases, particularly autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. As the first introduced principle of cytokine blockade in the 1990s, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α antagonists still represent the leading anticytokine therapy. There are currently five TNF antagonists available with indications in the ...
Wang Xiebing - - 2013
NIR-emitting CdSeTe/CdS/ZnS core/shell/shell QD-encoded microbeads are combined with common flow cytometry with one laser for multiplexed detection of hepatitis B virus (HBV). A facile one-pot synthetic route is developed to prepare CdSeTe/CdS/ZnS core/shell/shell QDs with high photoluminescence quantum yield and excellent stability in liquid paraffin, and a Shirasu porous glass ...
Nason G J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Stress and burnout are common among doctors. Excess levels of stress have been shown to have detrimental personal and professional effects as well as a negative influence on patient care. AIM: The aim of our pilot study was to assess the levels of burnout among a cohort of interns. ...
Cauley R P - - 2013
In pediatric renal transplantation in the setting of IVC thrombosis, the retrohepatic IVC or gonadal veins are often used for outflow. However, if use of systemic venous outflow is unsuccessful, options become limited. We report the use of the portal vein for venous outflow in kidney retransplantation in the setting ...
Ozyurt Bayraktar H - - 2013
1 The nitrergic system modulates cardiovascular functions of the central nucleus of amygdala (CeA) and the posterior hypothalamus (PH) which are involved in the central regulation of the cardiovascular system. The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of nitric oxide (NO) in the PH in eliciting cardiovascular ...
Old Oliver J - - 2013
Under-representation of ethnic minority groups in bariatric surgery rates has been reported in the USA. Ethnic minorities form 7.9 % of the UK population, but comparable data on provision of bariatric surgery for these groups have not previously been reported in the UK. We calculated an estimate of rates of bariatric ...
Lazaros Leandros - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Cytochrome P450 aromatase catalyzes the irreversible transformation of androgens into estrogens. The association of CYP19(TTTA)n polymorphism with the hormonal profile and the assisted reproduction outcome of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) was explored. Methods: One hundred and thirty-two women with PCOS and 200 with male-factor infertility, as ...
Siri C - - 2013
Imaging and neuropathology studies have demonstrated significant abnormalities not only in subcortical, but also in cortical regions of patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA). This raises the possibility that cognitive dysfunction may contribute to the clinical spectrum of this disorder to a greater extent than it is currently not widely ...
Rodríguez Juana - - 2013
Determination of pregabalin in urine samples was carried out by non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis with time of flight mass spectrometry via electrospray ionization, with a mixture of 10 mM ammonium formate and 0.05% acetic acid in methanol. By using time of flight mass spectrometry, accurate mass information was obtained, thus causing ...
Niederdeppe Jeff - - 2013
BACKGROUND: While statin drugs are recommended for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD), there is no medical consensus on whether or not a statin should be added to lifestyle change efforts for primary prevention of CHD. Previous research suggests that exposure to direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) increases drug demand among ...
Chung A Y F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether intrahepatic injection of 131I-lipiodol (Lipiodol) is effective against recurrence of surgically resected hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: From June 2001 through March 2007, this nationwide multi-center prospective randomized controlled trial enrolled 103 patients 4-6 weeks after curative resection of HCC with ...
Vajda F J E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study associations between patterns of fetal malformation and individual antiepileptic drugs taken during pregnancy. METHODS: Multiple variable logistic regression and other statistical analyses of data relating to 1733 fetuses from 1703 pregnancies (147 of which were not exposed to antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy). RESULTS: There were statistically significant ...
Lyu Ju Hyeong - - 2013
Aqueous extracts of the dried mature (ANP-W) and immature Citrus unshiu peels (CUP-W) have been used as a traditional folk medicine for the treatment of gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders in Korea. In the present study, neither ANP-W nor CUP-W exhibited significant toxicity even at an oral dose of 5 g/kg to ...
Klotz Matthias C M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: With cerebral palsy (CP), an equinus deformity may lead to genu recurvatum. Botulinum toxin A (BtA) injection into the calf muscles is a well-accepted treatment for dynamic equinus deformity. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether BtA injections into the calf muscles to decrease equinus would ...
Schmiedeskamp Heiko - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to estimate magnetic resonance imaging-based brain perfusion parameters from combined multiecho spin-echo and gradient-echo acquisitions, to correct them for T1-, T2-, and -related contrast agent (CA) extravasation effects, and to simultaneously determine vascular permeability. Perfusion data were acquired using a combined multiecho spin- and ...
Luo Xiliang - - 2013
Electrical assays potentially offer a highly sensitive, cheap, portable, automated and multiplexed means of protein biomarker detection, characteristics with an ability to underpin both disease stratification and the development of point of care diagnostics. Most conveniently applied in a reagent free manner, all sensitive assays such as these, however, suffer ...
Ghorbal Salma Kloula Ben - - 2013
The changes in lipid composition enable the micro-organisms to maintain membrane functions in the face of environmental fluctuations. The relationship between membrane fatty acid composition and UV-C stress was determined for mid-exponential phase and stationary phase Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The total lipids were obtained by dichloromethane/methanol (3:1) and were quantified by ...
Leung Lai Yee - - 2013
Traumatic brain injury often occurs in conjunction with additional trauma resulting in secondary complications such as hypotension due to blood loss. This study investigated the combined effects of penetrating ballistic-like brain injury (PBBI) and hemorrhagic shock (HS) on physiological parameters including acute changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), brain ...
Motta Fl - - 2013
The novelty of this study was to produce humic acids by submerged fermentation of empty fruit bunch (EFB) with Trichoderma viride and to investigate the effects of the cellulosic substrates and the organic sources of nitrogen on the biotechnological production of these acids. The results obtained indicate the potential application ...
Fazili Zia - - 2013
Small specimen volume and high sample throughput are key features needed for routine methods used for population biomonitoring. We modified our routine eight-probe solid phase extraction (SPE) LC-MS/MS method for the measurement of five folate vitamers [5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-methylTHF), folic acid (FA), plus three minor forms: THF, 5-formylTHF, 5,10-methenylTHF] and one ...
Chujo Tetsuya - - 2013
WRKY transcription factors form a large family of plant-specific transcription factors and participate in plant defense responses either as positive or negative regulators. In this study, we comprehensively analyzed the role of one of the group IIa WRKY transcription factors in rice, OsWRKY28, in the regulation of basal defense responses ...
Al-Shalabi Zahwa - - 2013
: Hairy roots are a convenient experimental tool for investigating the interactions between plant cells and metal ions. Hairy roots of species capable of hyperaccumulating Cd and Ni have been applied to investigate heavy metal tolerance in plants; hairy roots of nonhyperaccumulator species have also been employed in metal uptake ...
Giovanella Luca - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between serum thyroglobulin (Tg) levels, Tg doubling time (Tg-DT) and the diagnostic performance of 18F-FDG PET/CT in detecting recurrences of 131I-negative differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). METHODS: Included in the present study were 102 patients with DTC. All patients were treated by thyroid ablation (e.g. thyroidectomy ...
Guillamón Noemí - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the quality of life and mental health of caregivers of children with cerebral palsy and to examine the impact of self-efficacy and coping strategies on these outcomes. BACKGROUND: Few studies analyse the impact of caring for a child with cerebral palsy on the caregivers' quality ...
Fu Shi-Jian - - 2013
The Wujiang River, a tributary of the Three Gorges Reservoir, has many dams along its length. These dams alter the river's natural habitat and produce various flow regimes and degrees of predator stress. To test whether the swimming performance and external body shape of pale chub (Zacco platypus) have changed ...
van der Crabben S N - - 2013
Serine deficiency disorders are caused by a defect in one of the three synthesising enzymes of the L-serine biosynthesis pathway. Serine deficiency disorders give rise to a neurological phenotype with psychomotor retardation, microcephaly and seizures in newborns and children or progressive polyneuropathy in adult patients. There are three defects that ...
Supuran Claudiu T - - 2013
This issue of Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents is dedicated to carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitors (CAIs), a highly dynamic research topic in the last years. Several review articles and patent analyses on diuretics and antiglaucoma, antiepileptic, anti-obesity and anticancer agents belonging to the pharmacological class of the CAIs ...
Zhang Jing - - 2013
A rationally designed graphene-hollow polypyrrole (PPy) nanoarchitecture in which hollow PPy spheres were inserted between graphene layers was constructed by mixing graphene oxide and polystyrene (PS)@PPy core-shell sphere, followed by reduction of graphene oxide and etching of PS. The as-prepared graphene-hollow PPy nanoarchitecture was explored as electrode material for supercapacitor ...
Sen Namita - - 2013
Stem/progenitor cells and their lineage derivatives are often identified by patterns and intensity of cell cluster of differentiation presentation. However, the cell biochemical façade can prove to be elusive, transient, and subject to inter-laboratory disparities. To enhance current methods of lung stem cell isolation and identification and to investigate biophysical ...
Oguro Seiji - - 2013
PURPOSE: Although a pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) has been recently regarded as a safe surgical procedure at high-volume centers, the efficacy of PD for patients 80 years of age and older is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perioperative and long-term outcomes following PD in patients 80 years of age ...
Santos-Ebinuma Valéria Carvalho - - 2013
There is a worldwide interest in the development of processes for colorants production from natural sources such as microorganism. The aim of this study was to optimize red colorants production by Penicillium purpurogenum DPUA 1275 and to evaluate the effect of pH, temperature, salts and polymers on the stability of ...
Li Zhengquan - - 2013
A facile method has been developed to synthesize uniform nanoscale YF3 architectures. Interestingly, the unique YF3 nanostructure exhibits a flat and rhombic appearance which is formulated through the hierarchical assembly of YF3 nanocrystals along a specific crystalline orientation. Investigations on the formation process suggest that an assembly disassembly process is ...
Rantanen Tuomo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are no prospective studies available on the behavior of extraesophageal and esophageal symptoms and treatment-related side effects in patients without effective antireflux medication, receiving the most effective antireflux medication, and after laparoscopic fundoplication. METHODS: Extraesophageal and esophageal reflux symptoms and treatment-related side effects were assessed in 60 patients ...
Chiang Huei-Hsin - - 2013
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with an age at onset generally below 65 years. Mutations in progranulin (GRN) have been reported to be able to cause FTLD through haploinsufficiency. We have sequenced GRN in 121 patients with FTLD and detected six different mutations in eight patients: ...
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