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Hossain Mohammad Zakir - - 2013
Dieting is very important to maintain a healthy and peaceful life. Today, most of the health problems are related with dieting. Thus, the modern health science recommends a number of suggestions regarding dieting for better health such as learning the five basic food groups (grains, vegetables, fruits, dairy, and meat); ...
Shi Gengbei - - 2013
Bioartificial liver devices (BALs) are extracorporeal systems designed to temporarily bridge patients until a suitable donated liver is available for transplantation and also have value for pharmaceutical testing applications. Yet critical issues exist that limit the functional performance of their current designs. One of these concerns scale up issues connected ...
Dong Yongping - - 2013
Electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) behavior of a bismuth sulfide nanorods modified glassy carbon electrode (NR-GCE) was investigated in alkaline aqueous solution for the first time. One weak ECL peak of the NR-GCE was observed around -1.70 V when the electrode potential was scanned from 0.0 V to -2.0 V. The intensity ...
Bhangu Aneel - - 2013
BACKGROUND: All surgeons make mistakes, and learning from critical incidents may help improve performance. The present study aimed to highlight lessons for surgeons from analysis of the final moments of Air France Flight 447. All of the authors work in teams and situations where safety, technical performance, and non-technical skills ...
Abattouy N - - 2013
Anisakis infection parameters were studied in horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) taken from two areas of northern Morocco (Tetouan and Tangier), which showed a mean prevalence of 54.9%. Identification of the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 fragment by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) showed A. pegreffii to be the dominant species; no A. ...
Voicescu Mariana - - 2013
The photophysical properties of luminol in a silver nanoparticles complex have been studied by steady-state and time resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. The effect of the serum albumin on the luminol fluorescence in the silver nanoparticles has been also investigated. It was found that the fluorescence quantum yield value of luminol in ...
Brandi Jessica - - 2013
The pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line Panc1 was treated with cannabinoid receptor ligands (ACPA or GW405833) in order to elucidate the molecular mechanism of their anticancer effect. A proteomic approach was used to analyse the protein and phosphoprotein profiles. Western blot and functional data mining were also employed in order to ...
Allgaier Antje-Kathrin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare criterion validities of the WHO-Five Well-being Index (WHO-5) and the Geriatric Depression Scale 15-item version (GDS-15) and 4-item version (GDS-4) as screening instruments for depression in nursing home residents. METHODS: Data from 92 residents aged 65-97 years without severe cognitive impairment (Mini ...
Alford Daniel P DP Clinical Addiction Research and Education Unit, Section of General Internal Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA. - - 2013
Data on the effectiveness and safety of long-term opioid therapy for chronic pain are limited. Opioid adherence monitoring includes urine drug testing. Determining whether a patient's opioid prescription should be discontinued after an unexpected urine test result can be clinically complex. To review safe opioid prescribing practices and appropriate interpretation ...
Yong Tuck Yean - - 2013
The objective of this long-term and hospital-wide study is to examine characteristics of patients who discharge against medical advice (DAMA), their rates of readmission and mortality after self-discharge. Administrative data of admissions to Flinders Medical Centre (FMC) between July 2002 and June 2011 was used to compare readmissions and mortality ...
Schwarz Gunnar - - 2013
Chemical tagging with stable isotopes is one of the best established methods for the quantification of proteins using mass spectrometry, especially in non-proliferating cells and tissue. The absolute quantification of proteins is still a challenge. Metal-coded affinity tagging (MeCAT), used to label proteins and peptides with lanthanide ions, allows both, ...
Machado Rogério Bonassi - - 2013
Abstract This prospective observational study was designed to determine the percentage of hysterectomies avoided following insertion of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) in perimenopausal women with uterine fibroids and a prior indication for surgery. The study also compared the progress of patients using the LNG-IUS with those submitted to hysterectomy, ...
L Ng Khanh V Q - - 2013
Parkinson disease (PD) is the second most common form of neurodegeneration among elderly individuals. PD is clinically characterized by tremors, rigidity, slowness of movement, and postural imbalance. In this paper, we review the evidence for an association between PD and thiamine. Interestingly, a significant association has been demonstrated between PD ...
Trana Catalina - - 2013
We assessed if St. John's Wort (SJW) improves platelet response in patients (pts) resistant to clopidogrel after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Stable angina pts non-responders to 600 mg clopidogrel (P2Y12 reaction units (PRU) >240) were randomized (2:1) to SJW (n = 15) or placebo (n = 8). SJW (300 mg × 3/day) was administrated for 2 weeks ...
Sayers Adrian - - 2013
A new family of mathematical functions to fit longitudinal growth data was described in 1978. The ability of researchers to directly use parameters as estimates of age at peak height velocity resulted in them overlooking the possibility of directly calculating these quantities after model estimation. This erratum has corrected three ...
Zhang Wei - - 2013
The complexity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis makes combined blockade of multiple targets an attractive therapeutic strategy. The combination therapy with anti-TNF plus anti-T-cell has been mostly reported to provide greater efficacy than anti-TNF alone. TNFR (p75)-Fc fusion protein, which has been proven effective in clinics, is chosen as the ...
Araki Toshimitsu - - 2013
PURPOSE: Preventing a recurrence of Crohn's disease is a problem that remains to be solved. We evaluated the impact of using infliximab as a postoperative therapy on preventing the surgical recurrence of Crohn's disease. METHODS: We performed a pair-matched study comparing 100 patients who had received postoperative infliximab maintenance therapy ...
Majji Ganesh - - 2013
An efficient metal free protocol has been developed for the synthesis of benzylic esters via a cross dehydrogenative coupling (CDC) involving alkylbenzene(s) as a self- or as a cross-coupling partner(s) via the intermediacy of Ar-COOH and the benzylic carbocation obtained from the other half of the alkylbenzene; both symmetrical as ...
Roos Johanna - - 2013
Abstract Among potential predictors of dropout, client variables are most thoroughly examined. This qualitative literature review examines the current state of knowledge about therapist, relationship and process factors influencing dropout. Databases searches identified 44 relevant studies published January 2000-June 2011. Dropout rates varied widely with a weighted rate of 35%. ...
Gierloff M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Injectable or implantable scaffolds seeded with autologous chondrogenic cells may represent a promising option for treatment of cartilage defects in the future. Current problems with the autologous chondrocyte implantation including dedifferentiation and the development of fibrocartilage suggest the use of alternative chondrogenic cell sources such as mesenchymal stromal cells ...
Prasse A - - 2013
Granuloma formation occurs in the human body if there is a particle which persists in phagocytes and which the immune system cannot eliminate. The immune reaction of granuloma formation evolved in order to combat mycobacteria with the aim of localizing mycobacteria and to avoid spreading of mycobacteria throughout the body. ...
Nielsen Berit Kjaerside - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: When receiving a cancer diagnosis, patients are often faced with psychological distress and loss of control. As a result, their psychological well-being may be influenced by their perceived ability to cope with disease-related and treatment-related challenges. Research indicates that the patient-oncologist relationship may have an impact on patients' self-efficacy. ...
Uchida Ryohei - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of EndoButton® (Smith & Nephew Endoscopy, Andover, MA, USA) location on post-operative migration in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Seventy-seven patients underwent anatomical double-bundle ACL reconstruction using EndoButtons. Comparing patient radiographs immediately post-operatively with those at 1 year, migration was defined when EndoButtons moved more ...
Son A - - 2013
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a TNF superfamily member, induces damage of the epithelial cells (ECs) and production of inflammatory mediaters through its receptor Fn14 in a model of acute colitis. In our current study of chronic colitis induced by repeated rectal injection of a hapten, ...
Chang Jianzhong - - 2013
TaSAP1, a member of the stress association protein (SAP) gene family from wheat, is involved in response to several abiotic stresses, including drought, salt and cold. In this study, TaSAP1-A1, a TaSAP1 member on chromosome 7A, and its flanking sequences were isolated. Polymorphism analysis indicated that the average nucleotide diversity ...
Kjær Mette Mandrup - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Current recommendations suggest postponing pregnancy by at least 1 year after gastric bypass. During the first postoperative year, women are in a catabolic phase with a rapid weight loss which may increase the risk of adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. This study tested the hypothesis that the risk of adverse ...
Abdellaoui Sofiene - - 2013
The rapid electrochemical screening of enzyme activities in bioelectronics is still a challenging issue. In order to solve this problem, we propose to use a 96-well electrochemical assay. This system is composed of 96 screen-printed electrodes on a printed circuit board adapted from a commercial system (carbon is used as ...
Upadhyaya Hari D - - 2013
Anthracnose in sorghum caused by Colletotrichum sublineolum is one of the most destructive diseases affecting sorghum production under warm and humid conditions. Markers and genes linked to resistance to the disease are important for plant breeding. Using 14,739 SNP markers, we have mapped eight loci linked to resistance in sorghum ...
Kemper Susan - - 2013
A digital pursuit rotor was used to monitor oral reading costs by time-locking tracking performance to the auditory wave form produced as young and older adults were reading out short paragraphs. Multilevel modeling was used to determine how paragraph-level predictors of length, grammatical complexity, and readability and person-level predictors such ...
Zhang Hao - - 2013
Protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) is a dinuclear metalloenzyme that catalyzes the dephosphorylation of serine and threonine residues. In this work, the catalytic reaction mechanism of PP1 was theoretically investigated by hybrid density functional theory. Firstly, an initial model of the Mn(II)-Mn(II) active site of PP1 was constructed on the basis ...
Standahl Olsen K - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with increased risk of developing several diseases, but much is unknown about the molecular effects involved. Gene expression technology is increasingly being used to elucidate molecular mechanisms related to nutritional factors, and in this study of free-living, middle-aged Norwegian women, we aimed at identifying ...
Kelly C J - - 2013
Antimicrobial peptides are secreted by the intestinal epithelium to defend from microbial threats. The role of human β defensin-1 (hBD-1) is notable because its gene (beta-defensin 1 (DEFB1)) is constitutively expressed and its antimicrobial activity is potentiated in the low-oxygen environment that characterizes the intestinal mucosa. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is ...
Wei Yu-Meng - - 2013
A novel sustained-release system was developed for poorly water-soluble drugs by applying solid dispersion (SD) technique to improve the solubility. The SD systems composed of polyvinyl pyrrolidone and stearic acid could not control the release of nifedipine. When the above SD granules were coated with ethylcellolulose (EC10, 45 and 100cp), ...
Park Mi-Ryung - - 2013
Busulfan and cyclophosphamide (B/C)-treated mice exhibited a marked increase in apoptosis and a concomitant decrease in the ovarian weight. Histological and RT-PCR analysis indicate that the period of germ cell depletion in the B/C-treated ovaries coincides with decreased expression of genes Figla, Lhx8, Nobox, c-kit, and Sox3. However, depletion of ...
Patel Bhavik Anil - - 2013
Neurotransmission is a key process of communication between neurons. Although much is known about this process and the influence it has on the function of the body, little is understood about the dynamics of signalling from structural regions of a single neuron. In this study we have fabricated and characterised ...
Bahat Gulistan - - 2013
Abstract Functionality, comorbidities, polypharmacy, nutritional status and sarcopenia affect the prognosis of elderly excessively. These parameters are influenced by the population, living settings and age. We aimed to study these parameters in Turkish community-dwelling male elderly. We studied 274 male elderly ≥60 years of age admitted to our Geriatrics outpatient ...
Unsicker Klaus - - 2013
Neurotrophic factors are operationally defined as molecules that promote the survival and differentiation of neurons. Chemically, they belong to divergent classes of molecules but most of the classic neurotrophic factors are proteins. Together with stem cells, viral vectors and genetically engineered cells, they constitute important tools in neuroprotective and regenerative ...
Orci Lorenzo A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a common complication after partial pancreatic resection, and is associated with increased rates of sepsis, mortality and costs. The role of fibrin sealants in decreasing the risk of POPF remains debatable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the literature regarding the effectiveness ...
Svensson Anders S - - 2013
PURPOSE: Serum creatinine is used ubiquitously to estimate glomerular filtration rate and to diagnose acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery. Serum cystatin C is a novel biomarker that has emerged as a possible diagnostic alternative to serum creatinine. It is unclear if the dynamic changes in serum cystatin C immediately ...
Koegel Sally - - 2013
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi contribute to plant nitrogen (N) acquisition. Recent studies demonstrated the transport of N in the form of ammonium during AM symbiosis. Here, we hypothesize that induction of specific ammonium transporter (AMT) genes in Sorghum bicolor during AM colonization might play a key role in the functionality ...
Abe Yukio - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We developed a surgical procedure that can facilitate arthroscopic intervention for volar locking plate fixation for distal radius fracture (DRF) with a less invasive technique. This study is to investigate the effectiveness of our original procedure for the treatment of DRF. METHODS: One hundred fifty-five wrists of 153 consecutive ...
Migita Kazuhiro - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) on the long-term outcomes in gastric cancer patients. METHODS: This study reviewed the medical records of 548 patients with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy. The PNI was calculated as 10 × serum albumin (g/dl) + 0.005 × total lymphocyte ...
Kim Mi Na - - 2013
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third-leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Although hepatitis B still remains the most common risk factor worldwide, chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the driving force for the increased incidence of HCC especially in Western countries and Japan. In hepatitis B virus (HBV)-endemic areas, ...
Coco Marinella - - 2013
The influence of blood lactate on brainstem excitability was tested by using the blink reflex (BR) recovery cycle on 18 sprinters. Blood lactate was measured before maximal cycling, at the end, as well as 5 and 10 min after the exhaustion. Blood lactate was associated with a decrement of R2 whereas ...
Oikawa Makoto - - 2013
Protease-activated receptors (PARs) represent a novel class of seven transmembrane domain G-protein coupled receptors, which are activated by proteolytic cleavage. PARs are present in a variety of cells and have been prominently implicated in the regulation of a number of vital functions. Here, lacrimal gland acinar cell responses to PAR ...
Mereuta Oana M - - 2013
Abstract We report the case of a 22-year-old Caucasian woman presenting with a new-onset nephrotic syndrome with normal renal function during the 35th week of pregnancy. AA (secondary) amyloidosis was further diagnosed at the renal biopsy. Extensive genetic testing revealed that the patient was heterozygous for both TNFRSF1A p.R92Q and ...
Pereira Silvia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the nutritional status of vitamin A (VA) using biochemical and functional indicators in subjects with class III obesity, before and after RYGB, supplemented with three protocols. METHODS: The sample comprised 90 patients, with BMI ≥40 kg/m2, divided into three groups: G1 that received routine supplementation ...
Oguro Seiji - - 2013
PURPOSE: Although a pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) has been recently regarded as a safe surgical procedure at high-volume centers, the efficacy of PD for patients 80 years of age and older is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perioperative and long-term outcomes following PD in patients 80 years of age ...
Santos-Ebinuma Valéria Carvalho - - 2013
There is a worldwide interest in the development of processes for colorants production from natural sources such as microorganism. The aim of this study was to optimize red colorants production by Penicillium purpurogenum DPUA 1275 and to evaluate the effect of pH, temperature, salts and polymers on the stability of ...
Li Zhengquan - - 2013
A facile method has been developed to synthesize uniform nanoscale YF3 architectures. Interestingly, the unique YF3 nanostructure exhibits a flat and rhombic appearance which is formulated through the hierarchical assembly of YF3 nanocrystals along a specific crystalline orientation. Investigations on the formation process suggest that an assembly disassembly process is ...
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