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Moretti Franco A - - 2013
This 8-year longitudinal study was aimed to analyze the HIV-1 gp120-C2V3C3 sequence dynamics, their phylogenetic relationships and tropism evolution in patients under HAART. Such viral analysis comprised two compartments: plasma and PBMC. Fifty gp120-C2V3C3 genomic sequences were characterized from 16 patients: 41 from plasma when viremia was measurable and 9 ...
Sun Xiaodong - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine whether para- and perirenal fat ultrasonographic thickness (PFUT) is related to increased urinary albumin excretion and whether PFUT is an independent indicator of early kidney damage in obese subjects. METHOD: Sixty-seven nonhypertensive, nondiabetic obese patients and 34 age- and sex-matched normal healthy volunteers were involved in this ...
Srivastava Saurabh - - 2013
Reduced graphene oxide (RGO) due to its excellent electrochemical properties and large surface area, has recently aroused much interest for electrochemical biosensing application. Here, the chemically active RGO has been synthesized and deposited onto an indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass substrate by the electrophoretic deposition technique. This novel platform ...
Sacco J E - - 2013
Background:Historically, the voluntary addition of micronutrients to foods in the United States has been regarded as an important means to lessen problems of nutrient inadequacy. With expanding voluntary food fortification and widespread supplement use, it is important to understand how voluntary food fortification has an impact on the likelihood of ...
Khanna Ankita - - 2013
Wastewater released from textile industries causes water pollution, and it needs to be treated before discharge to the environment by cost effective technologies. Solar photocatalysis is a promising technology for the treatment of dye wastewater. The Ag@TiO2 nanoparticles comprising of Ag core and TiO2 shell (Ag@TiO2) have unique photocatalytic property ...
Krijgsheld Pauline - - 2013
Aspergillus niger is a cell factory for the production of enzymes. This fungus secretes proteins in the central part and at the periphery of the colony. The sporulating zone of the colony overlapped with the non-secreting sub-peripheral zone, indicating that sporulation inhibits protein secretion. Indeed, strain ∆flbA that is affected ...
Sahmay Sezai - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and antral follicle count (AFC) for the prediction of clinical pregnancy rates (CPR) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing IVF treatment. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: University hospital. ...
Féliz Luis R - - 2013
PURPOSE: To review the role of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapies in the personalized medicine era. METHODS: We searched PubMed for prospective clinical trials published through October 2012 of anti-VEGF agents approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or the European Medicines Agency. RESULTS: The use of anti-VEGF ...
Pacheco Adriana - - 2013
High-throughput platforms for microalgae screening are not yet commercially available. In this study, the feasibility of 96-well microplates was analyzed for microalgae research. Equivalence among wells, as culture microreactors, was investigated in controlled high CO2 conditions. Specific growth rates of two microalgae species, Scenedesmus sp. UTEX 1589 and an environmental ...
Siebenrock Klaus A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Valgus hips with increased antetorsion present with lack of external rotation and posterior hip pain that is aggravated with hip extension and external rotation. This may be the result of posterior femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked whether (1) the range of motion (ROM); (2) the location of anterior ...
Evangeliou Nikolaos - - 2013
Particulate (POC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) is an important parameter for the pollution assessment of coastal marine systems, especially those affected by anthropogenic, domestic, and industrial activities. In the present paper, a similar marine system (Saronikos Gulf) located in the west-central Aegean Sea (eastern Mediterranean Sea) was examined, in ...
Mullaney Jane Adair - - 2013
Glucosinolates from the genus Brassica can be converted into bioactive compounds known to induce phase II enzymes which may decrease the risk of cancers. Conversion via hydrolysis is usually by the brassica enzyme myrosinase which can be inactivated by cooking or storage. We examined the potential of three beneficial bacteria, ...
Huang Xue Bin - - 2013
The photoinduced mechanism of formation of mono- and di- adducts between 8-MOP and thymine bases is studied using the ONIOM(MPWB1K/6-31+G(d,p):B3LYP/6-31G(d,p):UFF) and B3LYP /6-31+G(d,p) methods. The relevant cycloaddition displays favorable energy barriers and reaction energies in the triplet excited state, which involves the initial formation of a diradical followed by ring ...
Wang Zhiyu - - 2013
Hollow nanostructures represent a unique class of functional nanomaterials with many applications. In this work, a one-pot and unusual "pumpkin-carving" protocol is demonstrated for engineering mesoporous single-crystal hollow structures with multilevel interiors. Single-crystal CoSn(OH) nanoboxes with uniform size and porous shell are synthesized by fast growth of CoSn(OH) nanocubes and ...
Ito Toshiro - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association of previous abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) graft replacement with infradiaphragmatic malperfusion in patients with acute aortic dissection. METHODS: Between November 2006 and June 2011, 133 patients were referred to our hospital for management of acute aortic dissection. Eight (6.0 %) of these patients had undergone AAA ...
Irwin N - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Cholecystokinin (CCK) and leptin are important hormones with effects on energy balance. The present study assessed the biological effects of (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 and [D-Leu-4]-OB3, smaller isoforms of CCK and leptin, respectively. METHODS: The actions and overall therapeutic use of (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 and [D-Leu-4]-OB3, alone and in combination, were evaluated in normal ...
Ye Hui - - 2013
Allelic ratio of an SNP has been used for prenatal diagnosis of fetal trisomy 21 by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS). Because MALDI-TOF MS is challenging in quantification performance, pyrosequencing was proposed to replace MS by better quantification of allelic ratios. To achieve a simple and rapid clinical diagnostic, PCR with ...
Meng Hongdao - - 2013
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to investigate the psychometric properties of the SF-36 in a sample of older adults with chronic conditions and to test whether measurement bias exists based on the levels of comorbidity. METHODS: Participants included were 979 cognitively intact older adults with comorbidities who were ...
Mamo Laura - - 2013
A sociologist examines contemporary engagements of queer bodies and identities with fertility biomedicine. Drawing on social science, media culture, and the author's own empirical research, three questions frame the analysis: 1. In what ways have queers on the gendered margins moved into the center and become implicated or central users ...
Alqahtani Aayed R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has a significant incidence of long-term failure, which may require an alternative revisional bariatric procedure to remediate. Unfortunately, there is few data pinpointing which specific revisional procedure most effectively addresses failed gastric banding. Recently, it has been observed that laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is ...
Mobasheri A - - 2013
Tendonitis and tendinitis are terms used to describe an inflamed and painful tendon. Tendinopathy, is a descriptive term for describing clinical conditions arising from tendon injury and overuse both within and around tendons. The aim of this mini-review is to explore the role of pro-inflammatory cytokines, particularly interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in ...
Lee Y-S - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The pancreas and hypothalamus are critical for maintaining nutrient and energy homeostasis, and combined disorders in these organs account for the onset of the metabolic syndrome. Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) is an adaptive response transcription factor. The physiological role of ATF3 in the pancreas has been controversial, and ...
Kinami Yo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are no evidence on the effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on surgically managed fresh fractures. We therefore performed a multicenter retrospective cohort study to investigate the effects of LIPUS on surgically managed fresh fractures. METHODS: This study included patients surgically treated for diaphyseal fractures of the femur ...
Healey Christine - - 2013
There is a paucity of research on self-harm during pregnancy and the postpartum period despite suicide being a leading cause of death and high rates of mental disorder during this time. This audit describes a cohort of women referred to a new perinatal mental health team (PMHT) based in a ...
Guo Yong - - 2013
Color is one of the phenotypic markers mostly used to study soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) genetic, molecular and biochemical processes. Two P450-dependent mono-oxygenases, flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase (F3'H; EC1.14.3.21) and flavonoid 3',5'-hydroxylase (F3'5'H, EC1.14.13.88), both catalyzing the hydroxylation of the B-ring in flavonoids, play an important role in coloration. Previous studies ...
Campanacci Domenico Andrea - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and treatment of low-grade chondrosarcoma remain controversial. We performed a review of a single-center series with the aims of assessing the oncologic outcome of these patients, verifying if intralesional curettage can be adequate treatment, and defining clinical criteria to support the surgeon and the oncologist in decision-making for ...
Montagna M T - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to evaluate the epidemiology of invasive fungal infections (IFIs) in patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) in Southern Italy and the in vitro antifungal susceptibility of isolates. METHODS: A surveillance program was implemented in 18 ICUs. IFI cases were recorded using ...
Thomas-Stonell Nancy - - 2013
The aim of this study was to establish the construct validity of the Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (FOCUS(©) ),a tool designed to measure changes in communication skills in preschool children. Participating families' children (n=97; 68 males, 29 females; mean age 2y 8mo; SD 1.04y, range 10mo-4y ...
Torii Kunio - - 2013
Dietary glutamate (Glu) stimulates to evoke the umami taste, one of the five basic tastes, enhancing food palatability. But it is also the main gut energy source for the absorption and metabolism for each nutrient, thus, only a trace amount of Glu reaches the general circulation. Recently, we demonstrated a ...
Kim Mi Na - - 2013
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third-leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Although hepatitis B still remains the most common risk factor worldwide, chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the driving force for the increased incidence of HCC especially in Western countries and Japan. In hepatitis B virus (HBV)-endemic areas, ...
Standahl Olsen K - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with increased risk of developing several diseases, but much is unknown about the molecular effects involved. Gene expression technology is increasingly being used to elucidate molecular mechanisms related to nutritional factors, and in this study of free-living, middle-aged Norwegian women, we aimed at identifying ...
Kołodyńska Dorota - - 2013
Complexing agents are extensively applied in many fields of industry. They are used to provide effective controlling trace metal ions in cleaning industries, textile, pulp and paper production, water treatment, agriculture, food industries, etc. Recently, the low biodegradability of these ligands and their accumulation in the environment has become a ...
Cai Xiaoyi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) are involved in most physiological, developmental, and pathological processes. miR-192 and miR-205 are expressed preferentially in the renal cortex and closely relevant to the renal cell biology. In the present study, we aim to measure the serum levels of miR-192 and miR-205 and their correlation with ...
Milota Franz - - 2013
In J-aggregates of cyanine dyes, closely packed molecules form mesoscopic tubes with nanometer-diameter and micrometer-length. Their efficient energy transfer pathways make them suitable candidates for artificial light harvesting systems. This great potential calls for an in-depth spectroscopic analysis of the underlying energy deactivation network and coherence dynamics. We use two-dimensional ...
Mancina Rosellina Margherita - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a growing epidemic worldwide and it is associated with metabolic complications, such as insulin resistance. Recently, a genetic variation (rs7607980) in the cordon-bleu protein-like 1 (COBLL1) gene has been associated with lower insulin resistance in adults. The aim of the study was to investigate if the ...
Kelly C J - - 2013
Antimicrobial peptides are secreted by the intestinal epithelium to defend from microbial threats. The role of human β defensin-1 (hBD-1) is notable because its gene (beta-defensin 1 (DEFB1)) is constitutively expressed and its antimicrobial activity is potentiated in the low-oxygen environment that characterizes the intestinal mucosa. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is ...
Borrello Maria Grazia - - 2013
The RET gene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase essential for ontogenesis of the enteric nervous system and kidney. Following identification of RET, it was found that somatic rearrangements of this gene, conventionally designated as RET/PTC, are frequently present in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Subsequently, activating germ line point mutations of RET ...
Scheen André J - - 2013
People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) of stages 3 - 5 (creatinine clearance < 60 ml/min) represent ≈ 25% of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but the problem is underrecognized or neglected in clinical practice. However, most oral antidiabetic agents have limitations in case of renal impairment (RI), ...
Vallianatou Theodosia - - 2013
Binding of drugs to human serum albumin (HSA) strongly influences their pharmacokinetic behavior and is associated with drug safety issues, low clearance, low brain penetration, as well as drug-drug interactions. Thus, in silico prediction of HSA binding contributes significantly to the discovery of new drug candidates. The authors provide a ...
Ayer Jean - - 2013
Pimecrolimus is a calcineurin inhibitor which has a role in the treatment of psoriasis. However, it remains an off-license treatment, despite its potential use in patients with treatment-resistant psoriasis or in those who have had multiple adverse effects to other therapies. This review covers the efficacy and role of both ...
Kim Yeon-Joo YJ Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, South - - 2013
We analyzed the treatment outcomes of intracranial ependymomas in Korean children aged <18 years. Data for 96 patients were collected from five hospitals. Survival rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Log-rank tests for univariate analyses and Cox regression model for multivariate analysis were conducted to identify prognostic factors for ...
Norström Thor T Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2013
Research suggests an association between population drinking and a large number of outcomes. However, driving while under the influence of alcohol (DWI) is conspicuously absent from this list of outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the relation between DWI and total consumption of alcohol on annual time-series ...
Li Wei W Department of Antibiotics, Anhui Institute for Food and Drug Control, Hefei 230051, China. - - 2013
Photodegradation kinetics of fleroxacin were investigated in different injections. Five commercial formulations were analyzed before and after irradiation by determining residual volumes of fleroxacin with high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC), and different decomposition functions and models were obtained. Concentration levels of fleroxacin in injections caused the differences in photodegradation kinetics instead ...
Wang Yichao Y Institute for Frontier Materials, Deakin University, Waurn Ponds, VIC 3216, - - 2013
Shortage of functional groups on surface of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)-based drug delivery carriers always hampers its wide applications such as passive targeting and conjugation with targeting molecules. In this research, PLGA nanoparticles were modified with chitosan through physical adsorption and chemical binding methods. The surface charges were regulated by altering pH ...
Khinast Johannes J Institute for Process and Particle Engineering, Graz University of Technology, Graz, - - 2013
This paper presents a novel one-step process for converting a liquid stabilized nano-suspension into a solid formulation via hot-melt extrusion combined with an internal devolatilization process (nano-extrusion, NANEX). A polymer (Soluplus®) was fed into the extruder and molten, after which a stable nano-suspension was added via side-feeding devices. The solvent ...
Denapoli Jessica J Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
DNA replication is regulated in response to environmental constraints such as nutrient availability. While much is known about regulation of replication during initiation, little is known about regulation of replication during elongation. In the bacterium Bacillus subtilis, replication elongation is paused upon sudden amino acid starvation by the starvation-inducible nucleotide ...
Bonito Allison A Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, - - 2013
It is known that cancer may affect patients' emotions and their relationships with other people and that those with strong emotional support may enjoy improved outcomes. We sought to determine the frequency with which healthcare professionals discuss the impact of cancer on patients' emotions and relationships with others. Data regarding ...
Deutsch Mariel B MB Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, - - 2013
Glucocorticoids ameliorate neurologic symptoms in patients with glioblastoma, but their adverse effects limit long-term use. This study sought to identify factors associated with steroid taper success or failure in the early stages of glioblastoma treatment. We retrospectively reviewed steroid prescribing practices from date of surgery until one month following radiotherapy ...
Cummings Jeffrey L JL Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, Las Vegas, NV 89106, USA. - - 2013
To provide healthcare professionals with a comprehensive assessment of donepezil 23 mg and its role in treating Alzheimer's disease (AD), the Donepezil 23 mg Expert Working Group (EWG) convened in June 2011 to critically evaluate the clinical trial database for this higher dose formulation and the members' clinical experience with ...
Nishimura Yasumitsu Y Department of Hygiene, Kawasaki Medical School, 577 Matsushima, Kurashiki 701-0192, Japan. - - 2013
Asbestos exposure causes asbestosis and malignant mesothelioma, disorders which remain difficult to cure. We focused on alveolar macrophages (AM) and natural killer (NK) cells in asbestosis and mesothelioma, respectively, and examined their functions upon exposure to asbestos or in patients with mesothelioma. Exposure to asbestos caused rat AM to exhibit ...
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