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Harriott Andrea M - - 2013
In a recent meta-analysis migraine was associated with a two-fold increase in stroke risk. While the mechanism driving this association is unknown, one intriguing hypothesis is that migraineurs are genetically predisposed to developing ischemic stroke. Mutations in the ATP1A2 gene are implicated in familial hemiplegic migraine type II and increase ...
Langevin Helene M HM Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA. - - 2013
Fibroblasts in whole areolar connective tissue respond to static stretching of the tissue by expanding and remodeling their cytoskeleton within minutes both ex vivo and in vivo. This study tested the hypothesis that the mechanism of fibroblast expansion in response to tissue stretch involves extracellular ATP signaling. In response to ...
Kim Jae-Sung JS Section of Rheumatology, Department of Biochemistry, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612, - - 2013
The catabolic cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) and endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are well-known inflammatory mediators involved in degenerative disc disease, and inhibitors of IL-1 and LPS may potentially be used to slow or prevent disc degeneration in vivo. Here, we elucidate the striking anti-catabolic and anti-inflammatory effects of bovine lactoferricin (LfcinB) in ...
Gilabert Marine M Cancer Research Center of Marseille, INSERM U624, Marseille, - - 2013
We hypothesized that inhibiting molecules that mediate the adaptation response to cellular stress can antagonize the resistance of pancreatic cancer cells to chemotherapeutic drugs. Toward this end, here, we investigated how VMP1, a stress-induced autophagy-associated protein, modulate stress responses triggered by chemotherapeutic agents in PDAC. We find that VMP1 is ...
Alayev Anya A Department of Biology, Stern College for Women of Yeshiva University, New York, New York 10016, - - 2013
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a major intersection that connects signals from the extracellular milieu to corresponding changes in intracellular processes. When abnormally regulated, the mTOR signaling pathway is implicated in a wide spectrum of cancers, neurological diseases, and proliferative disorders. Therefore, pharmacological agents that restore the regulatory balance ...
Jakovljevic Djordje G DG Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2013
Autonomic dysfunction has been reported in patients with NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) and is associated with clinical presentations. To date, there are no therapies to improve autonomic regulation in people with NAFLD. The present study defines the impact of a short-term exercise programme on cardiac autonomic and haemodynamic regulation ...
Li Jun - - 2013
Phytochemical investigation of the leaves of Cecropia schreberiana Miq. (Urticaceae) led to the isolation of four triterpenoids (1-4), three flavone C-glycosides (5-7), two flavan-3-ols (8, 9), two flavanolignans (10, 11), and two proanthocyanidins (12, 13). All compounds were isolated from C. schreberiana for the first time. This is the first ...
Sahin Melisa M Division of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, - - 2013
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) may occur with acquired hypercoagulability, however, the fact that it is accompanied by an underlying hereditary thrombophilia, especially combined hereditary thrombophilia would lead to thrombotic events. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the contribution of genetic thrombophilia to development of thrombotic events in adult patients with ...
Kapoor Sabrina R SR University of Birmingham and the Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust, Birmingham, - - 2013
Anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapies are highly effective in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA), but a significant number of patients exhibit only a partial or no therapeutic response. Inflammation alters local and systemic metabolism, and TNF plays a role in this. We undertook this study to determine if ...
Nace Gary W GW Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2013
Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a process whereby an initial hypoxic insult and subsequent return of blood flow leads to the propagation of innate immune responses and organ injury. The necessity of the pattern recognition receptor, Toll-like receptor (TLR)4, for this innate immune response has been previously shown. However, TLR4 is ...
Deyo Richard A RA Department of Family Medicine, Center for Research on Occupational and Environmental Toxicology, Portland, OR, USA. - - 2013
Cross-sectional analysis of electronic medical and pharmacy records. To examine associations between use of medication for erectile dysfunction or testosterone replacement and use of opioid therapy, patient age, depression, and smoking status. Males with chronic pain may experience erectile dysfunction related to depression, smoking, age, or opioid-related hypogonadism. The prevalence ...
Berry Sarah D SD Institute for Aging Research, Hebrew SeniorLife, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02131, USA. - - 2013
It is important to understand the relationship between sleep medication use and injurious falls in nursing home residents. To conduct a case-crossover study to estimate the association between nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic drug use (zolpidem tartrate, eszopiclone, or zaleplon) and the risk for hip fracture among a nationwide sample of long-stay nursing ...
Tong Leung Chu - - 2013
Rare studies have reported the application of multiple ancillary tests to the diagnosis of lymphoproliferative disorder in serous effusions. In the current study, the authors evaluated the effectiveness of using an algorithm for the triage of serous effusions and the contribution of ancillary studies to achieve a specific subtype of ...
Doherty Karen M KM Reta Lila Weston Institute for Neurological Studies, University College London, London, - - 2013
Mutations in the gene encoding parkin (PARK2) are the most common cause of autosomal recessive juvenile-onset and young-onset parkinsonism. The few available detailed neuropathologic reports suggest that homozygous and compound heterozygous parkin mutations are characterized by severe substantia nigra pars compacta neuronal loss. To investigate whether parkin-linked parkinsonism is a ...
Payne Allison H AH Departments of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children’s Hospital, Case Western ReserveUniversity, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. - - 2013
Low-grade periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage is a common neurologic morbidity among extremely low-gestational-age neonates, yet the outcomes associated with this morbidity are not fully understood. In a contemporary multicenter cohort, we evaluated the impact of such hemorrhages on early (18-22 month) neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely premature infants. To compare neurodevelopmental outcomes at ...
Zhu Zaifang Z Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, - - 2013
We report a novel approach for effectively separating DNA molecules in free solution. The method uses a bare narrow open capillary without any sieving matrices to resolve a wide size-range of DNA fragments at efficiencies of more than a million plates per meter routinely.
Maggio Marcello - - 2013
The use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) has rapidly increased during the past several years. However, concern remains about risks associated with their long-term use in older populations. To investigate the relationship between the use of PPIs and the risk of death or the combined end point of death or ...
Wright Jason D - - 2013
Although febrile neutropenia (FN) is a major source of morbidity and mortality for patients with solid tumors, little is known about the use of guideline-based care. To examine compliance with guideline-based recommendations for FN treatment, explore the factors that influence adherence to consensus guidelines, and analyze how the use of ...
Boix Macarena - - 2013
Accurate image segmentation is used in medical diagnosis since this technique is a noninvasive pre-processing step for biomedical treatment. In this work we present an efficient segmentation method for medical image analysis. In particular, with this method blood cells can be segmented. For that, we combine the wavelet transform with ...
Park Ji-Hye - - 2013
Segmental vitiligo (SV) is usually characterized by a unilateral-dermatomal distribution, earlier onset and rapid progression followed by stabilization. The response to phototherapy in patients with SV is limited. We evaluated the treatment response in 39 cases of SV according to disease duration. Ten cases (50.0%) of Group 1 (duration ≤ 5 months) ...
Ergen Elizabeth N - - 2013
Porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) is a disease caused by a deficiency of the fifth enzyme of the heme biosynthetic pathway in the liver that manifests in the skin as blistering and fragility of predominantly sun-exposed skin. It occurs in individuals with environmental and/or genetic risk factors such as estrogen use, ...
Heo Moonseong - - 2013
In longitudinal cluster randomized clinical trials (cluster-RCT), subjects are nested within a higher level unit such as clinics and are evaluated for outcome repeatedly over the study period. This study design results in a three level hierarchical data structure. When the primary goal is to test the hypothesis that an ...
Xiao Yanyu - - 2013
In this paper, we modify the classic Ross-Macdonald model for malaria disease dynamics by incorporating latencies both for human beings and female mosquitoes. One novelty of our model is that we introduce two general probability functions (P (t) and P (t)) to reflect the fact that the latencies differ from ...
Gilbert Robert P - - 2013
A one-dimensional model for the transport of vitamin D3 in an osteoblast cell is proposed, from its entry through the membrane to its activation of RANKL synthesis in the nucleus. In the membrane and cytoplasm, the transport of D3 and RANKL is described by a diffusion process, while their interaction ...
Karadag Ayse Serap - - 2013
Eczematid-like purpura of Doucas and Kapetanakis is a type of pigmented purpuric dermatoses (PPDs) with eczematous changes in the purpuric surface. A 10-year-old male and a 44-year-old male patients were admitted to our clinics for itching and flaking of the skin rashes. Based on the clinical and histopathological evaluations, the ...
Ye Chang-Ming - - 2013
The Potato virus X (PVX) triple gene block protein 3 (TGBp3), an 8-kDa membrane binding protein, aids virus movement and induces the unfolded protein response (UPR) during PVX infection. TGBp3 was expressed from the Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) genome (TMV-p3), and we noted the up-regulation of SKP1 and several endoplasmic ...
Yuan Zhaohui - - 2013
We consider a mathematical model that describes the interactions of the HIV virus, CD4 cells and CTLs within host, which is a modification of some existing models by incorporating (i) two distributed kernels reflecting the variance of time for virus to invade into cells and the variance of time for ...
Martinez Alexa - - 2013
The purpose of these clinical trials was to determine if 300 W and 150 W xenon arc solar simulators (SSs) deliver the same sun protection factor (SPF) and UVA protection factor (PFA). First, the SPF of the P7 control standard and of the P2 control standard was determined, testing 20 subjects using ...
Gonzalez-Olivares Eduardo - - 2013
The main purpose of this work is to analyze a Gause type predator-prey model in which two ecological phenomena are considered: the Allee effect affecting the prey growth function and the formation of group defence by prey in order to avoid the predation. We prove the existence of a separatrix ...
Mei Xingyu - - 2013
The success rates of conventional treatments to acne vulgaris are limited because of intolerance and resistance. Photodynamic therapy with topical 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and red light has been introduced. However, the side effects especially pigmentation are common. To study the efficacy and safety of ALA-photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 420-950 nm intense ...
Song Jae Hyoung - - 2013
Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae) is a medicinal plant whose extracts have been described as an antioxidant with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. Skin aging is a consequence of chronic sun exposure to the sun and therefore ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Naturally occurring antioxidants are known to reduce skin aging. Therefore, the aim ...
Rocha J Leonel - - 2013
In this work a new probabilistic and dynamical approach to an extension of the Gompertz law is proposed. A generalized family of probability density functions, designated by Beta • (p,q), which is proportional to the right hand side of the Tsoularis-Wallace model, is studied. In particular, for p=2, the investigation ...
Almutawa Fahad - - 2013
Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) has known adverse effects on the skin and eyes. Practitioners are becoming more aware of the importance of outdoor photoprotection. However, little attention is directed to the exposure of the skin and eyes to UVR through the window glass or sunglasses. The amount of ultraviolet transmission through ...
Xiao Yanni - - 2013
This paper proposes and analyzes a mathematical model on an infectious disease system with a piecewise smooth incidence rate concerning media/psychological effect. The proposed models extend the classic models with media coverage by including a piecewise smooth incidence rate to represent that the reduction factor because of media coverage depends ...
Basu S - - 2013
Detailed quantitative measurements of biological filament networks represent a crucial step in understanding architecture and structure of cells and tissues, which in turn explain important biological events such as wound healing and cancer metastases. Confocal microscope images of biological specimens marked for different structural proteins constitute an important source for ...
Gibbs Neil K - - 2013
Exposure to ultraviolet radiation can lead to suppression of many adaptive immune responses, both to antigens encountered within a short period of the irradiation (primary) and to antigens previously encountered (memory). The pathways involved are complex and not completely elucidated. This brief review summarizes the information available currently regarding the ...
Wu Liumei - - 2013
In this paper, two mathematical models, the baseline model and the intervention model, are proposed to study the transmission dynamics of echinococcus. A global forward bifurcation completely characterizes the dynamical behavior of the baseline model. That is, when the basic reproductive number is less than one, the disease-free equilibrium is ...
Melnik Andrey V - - 2013
We consider global asymptotic properties for the SIR and SEIR age structured models for infectious diseases where the susceptibility depends on the age. Using the direct Lyapunov method with Volterra type Lyapunov functions, we establish conditions for the global stability of a unique endemic steady state and the infection-free steady ...
Borroni Riccardo G - - 2013
Topical photodynamic therapy with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL-PDT) is a non-surgical treatment for actinic keratoses, Bowen's disease and basal cell carcinoma. MAL-PDT is particularly useful in elderly patients, who often present co-morbidities and/or in whom surgical excision could be contraindicated. MAL-PDT is generally well tolerated; the most frequent acute adverse events ...
Sui D - - 2013
Cell loss and addition is an important biological event in pathology, and it usually provides central information to the changes of biological activity in the histological sections. To develop a reliable and accurate cell counting tools in tissue section, in this paper, we proposed a novel cell nuclei detecting method ...
Sun Liying - - 2013
Cysteine-rich proteins (CRPs) encoded by some plant viruses in diverse genera function as RNA silencing suppressors. Within the N-terminal portion of CRPs encoded by furoviruses, there are six conserved cysteine residues and a Cys-Gly-X-X-His motif (Cys, cysteine; Gly, glycine; His, histidine; X, any amino acid residue) with unknown function. The ...
Zhang Ru-Zhi - - 2013
We describe a 22-year-old male with a pigmentary disorder that first appeared when he was 5 years of age. Examination revealed that these lesions were distributed in a segmental pattern on the left side of his trunk. Five shades of colors - white, tan, medium brown, dark brown, and black ...
Bukac Martina - - 2013
Recent in vivo studies, utilizing ultrasound contour and speckle tracking methods, have identified significant longitudinal displacements of the intima-media complex, and viscoelastic arterial wall properties over a cardiac cycle. Existing computational models that use thin structure approximations of arterial walls have so far been limited to models that capture only ...
Cherpanath T G V - - 2013
Cardiopulmonary interactions induced by mechanical ventilation are complex and only partly understood. Applied tidal volumes and/or airway pressures largely mediate changes in right ventricular preload and afterload. Effects on left ventricular function are mostly secondary to changes in right ventricular loading conditions. It is imperative to dissect the several causes ...
Marsack Jason D JD University of Houston College of Optometry, Visual Optics Institute, Houston, TX 77204, USA. - - 2013
The common change in corneal morphology that is seen in keratoconus (KC) suggests the presence of common high-order aberration (HOA) structures and the potential for HOA corrections that apply to more than one eye. The purpose of this investigation is to classify a sample of KC eyes into subgroups based ...
Kemal Kimdar S KS Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY, USA. - - 2013
HIV-1 infection is characterized by genetic diversity, with multiple subtypes and recombinant variants circulating, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. During the Rwandan genocide, many women experienced multiple rapes and some became HIV-1 infected. We studied plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 30 infected women comprising two exposure groups: those ...
Senter Timothy J - - 2013
In this Letter, we describe a novel approach for the general and enantioselective synthesis of a diverse array of small to large 1-azabicyclo[m.n.0]alkyl ring systems with an embedded olefin handle for further functionalization. The stereochemistry is established via a highly diastereoselective indium-mediated allylation of an Ellman sulfinimine in greater than ...
Zhang H H HH Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2013
An important element of radiation treatment planning for cancer therapy is the selection of beam angles (out of all possible coplanar and non-coplanar angles in relation to the patient) in order to maximize the delivery of radiation to the tumor site and minimize radiation damage to nearby organs-at-risk. This category ...
Matz Rebecca L RL Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, - - 2013
We sought to evaluate the relationship between cell division and protein expression when using commercial poly(ethylenimine) (PEI)-based polyplexes. The membrane dye PKH26 was used to assess cell division, and cyan fluorescent protein (CFP) was used to monitor protein expression. When analyzed at the whole population level, a greater number of ...
Stavitski Eli E Photon Sciences Directorate, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, United - - 2013
Microspectroscopic imaging in the infrared (IR) spectral region allows for the examination of spatially resolved chemical composition on the microscale. More than a decade ago, it was demonstrated that diffraction-limited spatial resolution can be achieved when an apertured, single-pixel IR microscope is coupled to the high brightness of a synchrotron ...
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