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Results 401 - 450 of 2670
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Koonin Lisa M - - 2013
The impact of a severe influenza pandemic could be overwhelming to hospital emergency departments, clinics, and medical offices if large numbers of ill people were to simultaneously seek care. While current planning guidance to reduce surge on hospitals and other medical facilities during a pandemic largely focuses on improving the ...
Sanborn Adam N - - 2013
People have strong intuitions about the influence objects exert upon one another when they collide. Because people's judgments appear to deviate from Newtonian mechanics, psychologists have suggested that people depend on a variety of task-specific heuristics. This leaves open the question of how these heuristics could be chosen, and how ...
Skilton Michael R - - 2013
Reduced fetal growth is associated with increased systolic blood pressure. Recently, we found an inverse association between serum ω-3 fatty acids and systolic blood pressure in young adults born with impaired fetal growth. We investigated the associations of dietary intake in childhood of the long-chain ω-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid ...
Ogle Christin M - - 2013
The present study examined the impact of the developmental timing of trauma exposure on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and psychosocial functioning in a large sample of community-dwelling older adults (N = 1,995). Specifically, we investigated whether the negative consequences of exposure to traumatic events were greater for traumas experienced ...
Degidi Marco - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this trial was to assess if the nonremoval of abutments placed at the time of surgery would improve bone and gingival healing around single immediately restored implants placed in postextraction sockets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients received a single square-threaded tapered implant placed in postextraction sockets ...
Maggi Umberto - - 2013
Venous thrombosis can complicate inflammatory bowel diseases, both in adult and pediatric patients, and a few adult cases of thrombotic storm, ie, thrombosis at multiple sites occurring over a period of a few days to a few weeks, have been described. However, venous thrombosis as the first manifestation of an ...
Anderson Moji - - 2013
Research has shown that living with sickle cell disease (SCD) can be a considerable challenge. Unfortunately, although it is Jamaica's most common genetic disorder, to date, no qualitative research has been conducted on Jamaicans' experiences of SCD. We conducted thematic analysis on transcripts of in-depth semistructured interviews with 30 patients ...
Rao Neeta - - 2013
Summary Studies among migrants show that they are more susceptible to HIV infection than the general population and thereby spread the epidemic from high prevalence to low prevalence areas. It is therefore critical to enhance the body of knowledge on factors associated with condom use among migrants. This study, conducted ...
Reddy Kavitha K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangioma (IH) clearance may be slow or incomplete in response to pulsed dye laser (PDL) or propranolol alone. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether IH treated with PDL and propranolol displayed more rapid and complete clearance than IH treated with propranolol alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of facial-segmental IH ...
Wang Lin - - 2013
ObjectiveTo explore the feasibility and efficacy of Z-palatoplasty for the management of severe obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome in patients with tonsils.Study DesignCase series and chart review.SettingUniversity hospital.MethodsZ-palatoplasty and coblation channeling of the tongue were performed in 36 patients with body mass index <40 kg/m2 and size 1 or 2 tonsils. ...
Maity Soumya - - 2013
The antioxidant property of the 70% aqueous ethanol extract of Phyllanthus amarus roots and its ether-soluble, ethyl acetate-soluble and aqueous fractions were investigated by various in vitro assays. The root extracts showed higher DPPH, hydroxyl, superoxide, and nitric oxide radical scavenging, and reducing power activity. Among all the samples, ethyl ...
Wong D M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Renal replacement therapy (RRT) has been implemented extensively in people to facilitate recovery from acute renal failure (ARF). RRT has not been explored in horses, but might provide a further treatment option in horses with ARF. OBJECTIVE: To investigate efficacy and safety of RRT in horses. ANIMALS: Five healthy ...
Spear Shawn - - 2013
Background: In 2009, the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM)/American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) published "Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Adult Critically Ill Patient." To improve our surgery residents' understanding of intensive care unit (ICU) nutrition, we developed a nutrition ...
Noh Seung-Kyun - - 2013
The role of halogen bonds in self-assembled networks for systems with Br and I ligands has recently been studied with scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), which provides physical insight at the atomic scale. Here, we study the supramolecular interactions of 1,5-dichloroanthraquinone molecules on Au(111), including Cl ligands, by using STM. Two ...
Branigan Steven - - 2013
Disk imaging involves copying all of the data from a source disk drive to a target. Typically, the target for the copy is another disk drive. Forensic processes developed years ago do not appear to be adequate for current storage technology. For example, with disk drive capacities now exceeding 1 ...
Butet Jérémy - - 2013
Second harmonic generation from plasmonic nanoantennas is investigated numerically using a surface integral formulation for the calculation of both the fundamental and the second harmonic electric field. The comparison between a realistic and an idealized gold nanoantenna shows that second harmonic generation is extremely sensitive to asymmetry in the nanostructure ...
Tittl Andreas - - 2013
Locally probing chemical reactions or catalytic processes on surfaces under realistic reaction conditions has remained one of the main challenges in materials science and heterogeneous catalysis. Where conventional surface interrogation techniques usually require high-vacuum conditions or ensemble average measurements, plasmonic nanoparticles excel in extreme light focusing and can produce highly-confined ...
Fu Qiang - - 2013
Heterogeneous catalysts, often consisting of metal nanoparticles supported on high-surface-area oxide solids, are common in industrial chemical reactions. Researchers have increasingly recognized the importance of oxides in heterogeneous catalysts: that they are not just a support to help the dispersion of supported metal nanoparticles, but rather interact with supported metal ...
Koletsi Despina - - 2013
Sample size calculations are advocated by the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) group to justify sample sizes in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This study aimed to analyse the reporting of sample size calculations in trials published as RCTs in orthodontic speciality journals. The performance of sample size calculations was ...
Schiffer Charles A - - 2013
PURPOSETo develop an evidence-based guideline on central venous catheter (CVC) care for patients with cancer that addresses catheter type, insertion site, and placement as well as prophylaxis and management of both catheter-related infection and thrombosis. METHODSA systematic search of MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library (1980 to July 2012) identified relevant ...
Long Webb E - - 2013
Objective. To determine if specific components of the medical home are differentially associated with beneficial child outcomes. Methods. Logistic regression was used to model each component (family-centeredness, comprehensive care, and care coordination) with health care utilization, child health, and health promoting behaviors in 81 232 subjects from the 2003 National ...
Reboud Julien - - 2013
We demonstrate a microfluidic platform for the controlled aggregation of colloidal silver nanoparticles using surface acoustic waves (SAWs), enabling surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) analysis of oxidative damage in cells. We show that by varying the frequency and the power of the acoustic energy, it is possible to modulate the ...
Zhang Xinchang - - 2013
We investigate use of nanomechanical torsional resonators for frequency-shift-based infrared (IR) thermal sensing. Nanoscale torsion rods, ~1μm long and 50-100nm in diameter, provide both extraordinary thermal isolation and excellent angular displacement and torque sensitivities, of order ~10-7 rad.Hz-1/2 and ~10-22 (N.m) Hz-1/2, respectively. Furthermore, these nanorods act as linear torsional ...
Wupperman Peggilee - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The current preliminary study investigated whether deficits in mindfulness (awareness, attentiveness, and acceptance of the present experience) may underlie the relationship of borderline personality disorder (BPD) features to self-injury and overall acts of harmful dysregulated behavior. METHOD: Nonparametric bootstrapping procedures were used to examine theoretical relationships among variables in ...
Pyon Eunice Y - - 2013
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are valuable tools for health care providers and support evidence-based medicine (EBM). Many organizations, including medical associations and government-affiliated agencies, develop and publish guidelines using varying methods. Unfortunately, many guidelines are not appropriately developed and certain recommendations are not based on the best available evidence. Recent ...
Dehaan Alexander - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The inferior coracoid process has traditionally been considered to be the gold standard for glenoid augmentation after anteroinferior bone loss. Other autograft sites, and more recently, osteochondral allograft sites, have been described as potential donor sources. PURPOSE:Potential autograft and osteochondral allograft sites were compared to identify the graft source that ...
Pacioni Natalia L - - 2013
Oxidation of aqueous ∼8 nm unprotected copper nanoparticles takes place under air in approximately 2 hours at 30 °C to give Cu2+ as a final product through an intermediate Cu+ species. At 5 °C the process is about 5 times slower; similarly, vitamin C, which plays a sacrificial role, also ...
Sangwan Manuvesh - - 2013
Reaction of methyl radicals with hydroperoxy radicals, CH3 + HO2  products (1) was studied using pulsed laser photolysis coupled to transient UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy at 295 K and 1 bar (He). Photolysis of N2O/H2O2/CH4/H2O/He mixtures at 193.3 nm (ArF excimer laser) was used to simultaneously produce methyl radicals and ...
Plumb Ellen - - 2013
Global health education and health promotion have the potential to engage students, scholars, and practitioners in ways that go beyond the classroom teaching routine. This engagement in global communities, can range from reflection on continuing deep-seated questions about human rights and civic responsibility to the use of health education and ...
Wang Weiyang - - 2013
Bimetallic highly branched Pt-Ni nanocrystals were obtained by a one-pot strategy. The dendritic alloyed structure of the as-prepared nanoparticles was fully characterized and their formation mechanism was investigated. Nitrobenzene hydrogenation reactions indicated that these obtained Pt-Ni nanodendrites exhibited enhanced catalytic activities compared with Pt-Ni nanoparticles.
Pelkonen Tuula - - 2013
The human herpesviruses (HHVs), DNA viruses that include herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1 and 2, varicella zoster virus (VZV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and human herpesvirus (HHV) 6A, 6B, and 7, and Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), can cause encephalitis or meningitis in children, and result in residual neurologic sequelae ...
Ceruti Julieta M - - 2013
ING proteins are tumor suppressors involved in the regulation of gene transcription, cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and senescence. Here, we show that ING1b expression is upregulated by several DNA-damaging agents, in a p53-independent manner. ING1b stimulates DNA repair of a variety of DNA lesions requiring activation of multiple DNA repair ...
Ferrar Kyle John - - 2013
Unconventional natural gas development in Pennsylania has created a new wastewater stream. On May 19, 2011 the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, in an effort to stop the discharge of Marcellus Shale unconventional gas development wastewaters to surface waters, requested drilling companies stop disposing their wastewater through facilities that discharge ...
Gutiérrez-Redomero Esperanza - - 2013
Variability in ridge density in a sub-Saharan population sample was studied by counting ridges in three fingerprint areas (two distal regions, radial and ulnar, and one proximal region) on the epidermal surface of the distal phalanx. Study material was obtained from the fingerprint impressions of 100 male sub-Saharan subjects aged ...
Jaeger Heather M - - 2013
Third-generation photovolatics require demanding cost and power conversion efficiency standards, which may be achieved through efficient exciton multiplication. Therefore, generating more than one electron-hole pair from the absorption of a single photon has vast ramifications on solar power conversion technology. Unlike their bulk counterparts, irradiated semiconductor quantum dots exhibit efficient ...
Ventura Francesco - - 2013
The finding of a mummified body raises many problems, also because of the limits of the medico-legal investigations in case of mummification. Psychological autopsy and behavioral analysis have demonstrated a significant impact in case of equivocal death. The mummified corpse of a woman was found sealed in a wardrobe during ...
Mosele Marco - - 2013
PURPOSE: The association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D values and cortical/trabecular bone parameters in older adults has been incompletely explored. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and bone parameters for the tibia and radius using peripheral quantitative computed tomography in free-living healthy older adults. ...
Sun Victor Z - - 2013
An arginine-leucine block copolypeptide (R60 L20 ) is synthesized, which is capable of forming vesicles with controllable sizes, able to transport hydrophilic cargo across the cell membrane, and exhibit relatively low cytotoxicity. The R60 L20 vesicles also possess the ability to deliver DNA into mammalian cells for transfection. Although the ...
Fenstermacher Kimberly - - 2013
AIM: To report an analysis of the concept of perinatal bereavement. BACKGROUND: The concept of perinatal bereavement emerged in the scientific literature during the 1970s. Perinatal bereavement is a practice-based concept, although it is not well-defined in the scientific literature and is often intermingled with the concepts of mourning and ...
Lekkerkerker H N W - - 2013
A review is given of the field of mineral colloidal liquid crystals: liquid crystal phases formed by individual mineral particles within colloidal suspensions. Starting from their discovery in the 1920s, we discuss developments on the levels of both fundamentals and applications. We conclude by highlighting some promising results from recent ...
Liao Zhongli - - 2013
Abstract Background: Pain management is a critical issue in the care of cancer patients in China, especially in small city and county hospitals in southwest China. Objective: The study intended to determine Chinese physicians' competence in cancer pain management and to assess their opinions on barriers to optimal pain management. ...
Richardson David B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Workers employed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) were potentially exposed to a range of chemical and physical hazards, many of which are poorly characterized. We compared the observed deaths among workers to expectations based upon US mortality rates. METHODS: The cohort included 22,831 workers hired between January ...
Toyoda Yosuke - - 2013
The Staudinger ketene-imine [2 + 2] cycloaddition reaction for conversion of α-heteroatom-substituted exocyclic imines to C4 heterocyclic spiro-β-lactams has rarely been investigated due to their instability. Herein, we describe the Staudinger reaction between ketenes and α-selenium-substituted exocyclic imines to synthesize C4 spiro-β-lactams.
Belanger Heather G - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between postconcussion symptom complaint (PCS) severity and positive coping factors (knowledge, self-efficacy, and attributions) in a sample of individuals who have sustained a mild TBI, above and beyond the demographic and psychiatric predictors that have been most commonly examined. Ninety-one ...
Tu Jing - - 2013
Various lanthanide aryloxide complexes supported by bridged bis(amidinate) ligand L, LLnOAr(DME) (L = Me3SiNC(Ph)N(CH2)3NC(Ph)NSiMe3, DME = dimethoxyethane, Ln = Y, Ar = 2,6-(Me)2C6H3 (), 2,6-(iPr)2C6H3 (), 2,6-(tBu)2-4-(Me)C6H2 (); Ar = 2,6-(tBu)2-4-(Me)C6H2, Ln = Nd (), Sm (), Yb ()) were synthesized, and complexes , and were characterized by single crystal ...
Cepko Constance - - 2013
About five years ago, results were made public from three independent early phase clinical gene therapy trials for an inherited and early onset form of retinal blindness called Leber Congenital Amaurosis due to RPE65 deficiency (LCA2) (Bainbridge and others 2008; Cideciyan and others 2008; Hauswirth and others 2008; Maguire and ...
Whitaker Damiya - - 2013
Abstract Purpose. Child and adolescent obesity is increasingly prevalent and predisposes risk for poor physical and psychosocial health. Physical and social factors in the environment, such as neighborhood disorder, may be associated with childhood obesity. This study examines the association between living in a disordered neighborhood and being overweight among ...
Granja Miguel A - - 2013
Background: Transcatheter closure of a moderate to large patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) using conventional techniques is challenging. The Nit-Occlud® PDA-R trial can close a PDA up to 8 mm in diameter. We sought to report procedural and six-month efficacy and safety results of the multicenter Nit-Occlud® PDA-R trial. Methods: From ...
Niu Xiangheng - - 2013
Highly sensitive and selective nonenzymatic detection of glucose has been achieved using a novel disposable electrochemical sensor based on three-dimensional (3D) porous Ni nanostructures. The enzyme-free sensor was fabricated through in situ growing porous Ni networks on a homemade screen-printed carbon electrode substrate via electrochemically reducing the Ni2+ precursor along ...
Liu Liangliang - - 2013
The effect of hydrogen on the adsorption and dissociation of the oxygen molecule on a TiO2 anatase (001) surface is studied by first-principles calculations coupled with the nudged elastic band (NEB) method. Hydrogen adatoms on the surface can increase the absolute value of the adsorption energy of the oxygen molecule. ...
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