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Results 301 - 350 of 2670
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Tan Chieh Suai - - 2013
Creating a vascular access in the presence of a cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) in a patient with or approaching end-stage renal disease can be challenging. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the impact of a CIED on the outcomes of vascular access creation in hemodialysis patients and determine ...
Xiaowei Z - - 2013
Background: Primary bite wound suturing in the emergency department remains controversial in some cases. Objective: We conducted a study to investigate the infection rate and cosmetic appearance between primary wound closure and delayed wound closure in dog bite wounds in humans. Methods: All patients with bite wounds were treated with ...
Craiglow Brittany G - - 2013
Hemihyperplasia-multiple lipomatosis syndrome (HHML) is a condition characterized by asymmetric nonprogressive overgrowth, multiple lipomas, and superficial vascular malformations. We present two cases of HHML to enhance the diagnostic acumen of dermatologists and avoid potential misdiagnosis of this rare but probably underrecognized entity. We also provide a brief review of asymmetric ...
Herczeg G - - 2013
The evolutionary significance of individual consistency in a given behaviour - called animal personality - has been subject to a lot of recent research. However, the genetic underpinnings of population divergence in mean personality have rarely been studied, especially across different ontogenetic stages. Previous work has shown that marine vs. ...
Champagne Catherine M - - 2013
The aims of this review paper are to provide an overview of the association of sodium intake with cardiovascular health, to identify sodium in our global food supply and to describe problems associated with assessment of dietary sodium intake. Excess sodium intake may contribute to the development of hypertension in ...
Killgore W D S - - 2013
Objectives:Excessive weight gain and obesity are currently among the world's major threats to health. Women show significantly higher rates of obesity and eating disorders relative to men, but the factors contributing to these gender differences remain uncertain. We examined the correlations between regional brain responses to images of high-calorie versus ...
Molfenter Sonja M - - 2013
Postswallow residue is widely considered to be a sign of swallowing impairment and is assumed to pose risk for aspiration on subsequent swallows. We undertook a preliminary retrospective study to investigate the link between postswallow residue and penetration-aspiration on the immediately occurring subsequent clearing swallow (i.e., without introduction of a ...
Yamazaki Tomoko - - 2013
COUP-TFII nuclear receptor, which is composed of a DNA-binding domain and a ligand-binding domain, exerts pleiotropic effects on development and cell differentiation by regulating the transcription of its target genes, including Cyp7a1, which plays important roles in catabolism of cholesterol in liver. While there exist multiple variants of COUP-TFII, their ...
Sriraj Pranee - - 2013
The northeastern region of Thailand has long been known as an endemic area of the human liver fluke infection which is caused by Opisthorchis viverrini. Humans are infected by ingestion of uncooked cyprinoid fish in traditional dishes such as "koi-pla," "pla-som," "pla-jom," and "pla-ra." To date, the prevalence of this ...
O'Neil Edward B - - 2013
The classic view holds that the medial temporal lobes (MTL) are dedicated to declarative memory functioning. Recent evidence, however, suggests that perirhinal cortex (PrC), a structure within the anterior MTL, may also play a role in perceptual discriminations when representations of complex conjunctions of features, or of gestalt-characteristics of objects ...
Avery C L - - 2013
Variability in response to drug use is common and heritable, suggesting that genome-wide pharmacogenomics studies may help explain the 'missing heritability' of complex traits. Here, we describe four independent analyses in 33 781 participants of European ancestry from 10 cohorts that were designed to identify genetic variants modifying the effects of ...
Mahawar Kamal K - - 2013
Sleeve gastrectomy is rapidly becoming popular as a standalone bariatric operation. At the same time, there are valid concerns regarding its long-term durability and postoperative gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Though gastric bypass remains the gold standard bariatric operation, it is not suitable for all patients. Sleeve gastrectomy is sometimes the only ...
Huber A R - - 2013
Automatia, an ancient Greece goddess of luck who makes things happen by themselves and on her own will without human engagement, is present in our daily life in the medical laboratory. Automation has been introduced and perfected by clinical chemistry and since then expanded into other fields such as haematology, ...
Moghisi Alireza - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of safe community interventions on motorcyclists' safety. Two cross sectional observations were conducted in 14 cities (five safe community practicing and nine safe community non-practicing cities) independently on 2005 and 2007. Ten percent of registered motorcycles were observed and interviewed ...
Husson Steven J - - 2013
The emerging field of optogenetics allows for optical activation or inhibition of neurons and other tissue in the nervous system. Seven years ago optogenetic proteins were expressed in the nematode C. elegans for the first time. Since then, C. elegans has served as a powerful platform upon which to conduct ...
Flygt J - - 2013
Axonal injury is an important contributor to the behavioral deficits observed following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Additionally, loss of myelin and/or oligodendrocytes can negatively influence signal transduction and axon integrity. Apoptotic oligodendrocytes, changes in the oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (OPC) population and loss of myelin were evaluated at 2, 7 and ...
Dunn G - - 2013
Having first introduced the pragmatic health care trial, the discussion then focuses on a selected list of technical problems that are important for the design, analysis and inference from such trials. The first is lack of independence of participants' outcomes do to clustering either arising from a cluster randomized design ...
Birch Amy M - - 2013
Environmental manipulations can enhance neuroplasticity in the brain, with enrichment-induced cognitive improvements being linked to increased expression of growth factors, such as neurotrophins, and enhanced hippocampal neurogenesis. There is, however, a great deal of variation in environmental enrichment protocols used in the literature, making it difficult to assess the role ...
Cloyd Jordan M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although mastectomy is considered the gold standard for male breast cancer (MBC), the utilization of lumpectomy and its impact on outcomes in MBC patients has not been previously studied. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database was used to identify all MBC patients who underwent either mastectomy ...
Zhang Tao - - 2013
A new flame retardant nanocoating has been constructed by the alternate adsorption of polyelectrolyte amino-functionalized multiwall carbon nanotube (MWNT-NH2) and ammonium polyphosphate (APP) onto flexible and porous ramie fabric. Scanning electron microscopy indicates that the adsorbed carbon nanotube coating is a randomly oriented and overlapped network structure, which is a ...
Xin Yan - - 2013
We report the installation and performance evaluation of a probe aberration-corrected high-resolution JEOL JEM-ARM200F transmission electron microscope (TEM). We provide details on construction of the room that enables us to obtain scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) data without any evident distortions/noise from the external environment. The microscope routinely delivers expected ...
Deseri Luca - - 2013
In this work, some implications of a recent model for the mechanical behavior of biological membranes (Deseri et al. in Continuum Mech Thermodyn 20(5):255-273, 2008) are exploited by means of a prototypical one-dimensional problem. We show that the knowledge of the membrane stretching elasticity permits to establish a precise connection ...
Mariano Edward R - - 2013
Intravenous regional anesthesia (Bier block) is indicated for minor procedures such as carpal tunnel release but must be performed in the operating room. We hypothesize that preoperative peripheral nerve blocks decrease anesthesia-controlled time compared to Bier block for carpal tunnel release. With IRB approval, we reviewed surgical case data from ...
Cho Sung Gun - - 2013
The incidental finding of tumor-llke perirenal or renal splenosis (PRS) creates a challenge to the renal physicians, because its benign nature has to be distinguished from a malignancy. This paper describes the case of a 40-year-old man referred from a local clinic for further evaluation of an incidental finding of ...
Leal Gabriela N - - 2013
Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (Marateaux-Lamy syndrome) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficient activity of the enzyme N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulphatase (arylsulphatase B). Cytoplasmic vacuoles full of dermatan sulphate are observed in endothelial cells, myocyte, and fibroblasts, compromising the function of cardiovascular structures and contributing significantly towards morbidity and mortality. The primary objective ...
Tanaka Tetsuhiro - - 2013
Loss of glomerular function associated with the presence of tubulointerstitial lesions, which are characterized by peritubular capillary loss, is a common finding in progressive renal disorders. Dysregulated expression of angiogenic factors (such as vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF] and angiopoietins) and endogenous angiogenic inhibitors (such as thrombospondin-1, angiostatin and endostatin) ...
Zhang Kaili Chen - - 2013
Values are guiding principles in our life. While some studies found spiritual values to be "healthier," Sagiv and Schwartz (Eur J Soc Psychol 30:177-198, 2000) showed that people holding non-spiritual values were higher on affective well-being. We examined the predictive power of these two types of values with a longitudinal ...
Shepherd William P - - 2013
A growing body of evidence suggests that bark beetles detect and avoid release points of volatile compounds associated with nonhost species, and thus such nonhost volatiles may have potential utility in the management of bark beetles. We used a coupled gas chromatograph-electroantennographic detector (GC-EAD) to assay the olfactory sensitivity of ...
Giles F J - - 2013
Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) occurs in patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-CP) treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). The risk of developing PAOD on TKI therapy is unknown and causality has not been established. Patients with CML-CP from 3 randomized phase III studies (IRIS, TOPS, ENESTnd) were ...
Aulakh K S - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the effect of two tibial attachment sites for lateral suture stabilization (LSS) on the three-dimensional femorotibial translational and rotational movements of the cranial cruciate ligament- deficient canine stifle during the early, middle and late stance phases.Study design: In vitro biomechanical study: 32 hindlimbs from 16 canine cadavers. ...
Blanquat Paul De Saint - - 2013
Encoding of a goal with a specific value while performing a place navigation task involves the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and the dorsal hippocampus (dHPC), and depends on the coordination between mPFC and the ventro-intermediate hippocampus (vHPC).The present work investigates the contribution of mPFC, dHPC, and vHPC when the rat ...
Egas Martijn - - 2013
Why humans are prone to cooperate puzzles biologists, psychologists and economists alike. Between-group conflict has been hypothesized to drive within-group cooperation. However, such conflicts did not have lasting effects in laboratory experiments, because they were about luxury goods, not needed for survival ("looting"). Here, we find within-group cooperation to last ...
Monnerat João Paulo Ismério Dos Santos - - 2013
This study was carried out aiming to evaluate the effects of yeast or monensin supplementation on dry matter intake, nutrients digestibility, ruminal volatile fatty acids profile, ruminal pH and ammonia concentration, microbial protein synthesis, and the balance of nitrogen compounds of cattle fed high concentrate diet (80 % dry matter (DM) ...
Harrup L E - - 2013
Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are the biological vectors of internationally important arboviruses of livestock including bluetongue virus (BTV). Information on the habitats used by Culicoides for larval development is valuable for establishing targeted vector control strategies and for improving local scale models of vector abundance. This study combines emergence ...
Painemal Paula - - 2013
Excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, a condition known as fibrosis, is a hallmark of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Among the factors that trigger muscle fibrosis are transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) and angiotensin II (Ang-II). Ang-II belongs to the renin-angiotensin system, and its biological effects are exerted by Ang-II ...
Felcht Moritz - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Direct wound closure, flaps or grafts are considered to be gold standards for the reconstruction of defects. However, these techniques may not be applicable in all cases, especially for the challenging closure of large defects. OBJECTIVE: We developed a technique to close large defects, of varying size and shape, ...
Wu A C - - 2013
Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) belongs to the CC chemokine superfamily and plays a critical role in the recruitment and activation of leukocytes during acute inflammation. We hypothesize that MCP-1 is also an important chemokine that regulates the recruitment and activation of bone cells required for skeletal repair and remodeling. We ...
Kaleem Muhammad - - 2013
Automated classification of normal and pathological speech signals can provide an objective and accurate mechanism for pathological speech diagnosis, and is an active area of research. A large part of this research is based on analysis of acoustic measures extracted from sustained vowels. However, sustained vowels do not reflect real-world ...
Cante Domenico - - 2013
Accelerated hypofractionation (HF) using larger dose per fraction, delivered in fewer fractions over a shorter overall treatment time, is presently a consistent possibility for adjuvant whole breast radiation (WBRT) after breast-conserving surgery for early breast cancer (EBC). Between 2005 and 2008, we submitted 375 consecutive patients to accelerated hypofractionated WBRT ...
O'Toole Orna - - 2013
A 72-year-old woman with autoimmune hypothyroidism and type 1 diabetes mellitus presented with 1 year of progressively worsening neck, back, and right thigh spasms and leg stiffness. Sudden loud noises would startle her. She ambulated with a walking frame. Serum glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 antibody was markedly elevated (1,118 nmol/L; ...
Reiners Katrin S - - 2013
Natural killer (NK) cells represent a key component of the innate immune system against cancer. Nevertheless, malignant diseases arise in immunocompetent individuals despite tumor immunosurveillance. Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is characterized by CD30+ tumor cells and a massive infiltration of immune effector cells in affected lymph nodes. The latter obviously fail ...
Fujimoto Rodrigo Y - - 2013
<p id="para1">Vitamin C is essential for fish diets because many species cannot syntethize it. This vitamin is needed for bone and cartilage formation. Moreover, it acts as antioxidant and improve the immunological system. The present work investigated the effects of vitamin C diet supplementation to spotted sorubim (Pseudoplatystoma coruscans) fingerlings ...
Cunniffe G - - 2013
Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon disease most frequently occurring in the head and neck region. It occurs in all races. In spite of a clear distinction between ALHE and Kimura's disease on histological grounds for almost 20 years now, confusion and misdiagnosis still exist to date. Three Spanish ...
Van Slycke Sam - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In thyroid surgery, intra-operative neuromonitoring of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and vagal nerve (VN) are performed as an adjunct to the gold standard of optical visualisation of the RLN, to avoid injury of the RLN, and subsequently paralysis of the vocal cords. Intermittent RLN neuromonitoring diminished the temporary ...
Miake-Lye Isomi M - - 2013
Falls are common among inpatients. Several reviews, including 4 meta-analyses involving 19 studies, show that multicomponent programs to prevent falls among inpatients reduce relative risk for falls by as much as 30%. The purpose of this updated review is to reassess the benefits and harms of fall prevention programs in ...
Yan Wenjun - - 2013
Impaired mitochondrial biogenesis causes skeletal muscle damage in diabetes. However, whether and how mitochondrial biogenesis is impaired in the diabetic heart remains largely unknown. Whether adiponectin (APN), a potent cardioprotective molecule, regulates cardiac mitochondrial function has also not been previously investigated. In this study, electron microscopy revealed significant mitochondrial disorders ...
Huang Tsung-Teng - - 2013
Cordyceps sinensis is a medicinal mushroom used for centuries in Asian countries as a health supplement and tonic. Hirsutella sinensis-the anamorphic, mycelial form of C. sinensis-possesses similar properties, and is increasingly used as a health supplement. Recently, C. sinensis extracts were shown to inhibit the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokine ...
Yan Yunfeng - - 2013
The aggregation of β-lactoglobulin (BLG) near its isoelectric point was studied as a function of ionic strength and pH. We compared the behavior of "native" BLG with those of its two isoforms, BLG-A and BLG-B, and with that of a protein with very similar pI, bovine serum albumin (BSA). Rates ...
Camporeale Annalisa - - 2013
Myocarditis, often triggered by viral infection, may lead to heart auto-immunity and dilated cardiomyopathy. What determines the switch between disease resolution and progression is however incompletely understood. We show that pharmacological inhibition of STAT3, the main mediator of IL-6 signalling and of Th17-cell differentiation, protects mice from the development of ...
Takamori Satoshi - - 2013
A method for caging a target protein with steric regulator molecules was developed to enable simple, strict, light-induced control of protein activity.
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