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- - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess feasibility and results of screening patients with tuberculosis (TB) for diabetes mellitus (DM) within the routine healthcare setting across the country at: eight tertiary care hospitals and more than 60 peripheral health institutions in eight tuberculosis units. METHODS: Agreement on how to screen, monitor and record was ...
Aono Shintaro - - 2013
Homogeneous nanocomposites of nanocrystalline Li2MnSiO4 and carbon as well as a carbon nanotubes-embedded nanocomposite are synthesized directly by a novel method using organic-inorganic hybrid polymers which consist of covalently bonded phenolic oligomer and siloxane parts. The nanocomposites show superior charge-discharge performance at room temperature in spite of low carbon contents.
Oka Nobuyuki - - 2013
Hypertrophic neuropathy is usually intractable, and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Type 1A (CMT1A) are the representative disorders. The two disorders are sometimes confused both clinically and pathologically. The aim of this study was to clarify the differences in the pathology of large onion bulbs, focusing on ...
Stathopoulos Panagiotis - - 2013
Alkylation of sensitive amino acids during synthesis of biologically important peptides is a common and well-documented problem in Fmoc-based strategy. Herein, we probed for the first time an unexpected S-alkylation of Cys-containing peptides that occur during the final TFA cleavage of peptides from the Wang solid support. Through a battery ...
Repiso Jiménez J B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: High-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) is currently considered a precursor of anal cancer. The population most susceptible to AIN is men who have sex with men (MSM), especially if they are infected by HIV. OBJECTIVES: We analysed the population diagnosed with AIN and evaluated anal cytology as a method ...
Song Wei - - 2013
In the present study, effects of aqueous extracts from Crocodylus siamensis bile (AE-CB) on SMMC-7721 cell growth, cell cycle, and apoptosis were investigated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay, inverted microscopy, fluorescence microscopy, propidium iodide (PI) single- and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)/PI double-staining flow cytometry, and western blotting. Our data have revealed ...
Koluman Basak Unver - - 2013
Aims: Vascular calcification and atherosclerosis play a vital role in the development of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients, especially when complications of diabetic nephropathy occur. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and fetuin-A are two markers of vascular calcification. We evaluated the association between these vascular markers and urinary albumin excretion in ...
Salvadó L - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Although the substitution of saturated fatty acids with oleate has been recommended in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus, the mechanisms by which oleate improves insulin resistance in skeletal muscle cells are not completely known. Here, we examined whether oleate, through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), prevented ...
Kumbhari Vivek - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:There is no consensus on how best to treat symptom recurrence following previous therapy with Heller myotomy. Our aim was to determine the safety and the short and long-term efficacy of pneumatic dilatation to treat symptomatic recurrence in patients previously treated with Heller myotomy for idiopathic achalasia.METHODS:We identified 27 eligible ...
Deng Chenhui - - 2013
Objective: To build a population pharmacokinetic model for Chinese adult patients and develop initial dosage regimens for patients with different degrees of renal function to achieve target steady-state trough concentrations in the range of 10 - 15 and 15 - 20 mg/l. Method: Data on serum vancomycin concentration was collected ...
Fujikawa-Yamamoto Kohzaburo - - 2013
Two lines of dodecaploid H1 embryonic stem cells, 12H1 and 12H1(-) cells (mouse-originated cells), were established through polyploidization of two hexaploid H1 cells, 6H1 and 6H1(-) cells, which were cultured in L15F10 (7:3) medium with and without leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), respectively. The G1, S, and G2/M phase fractions of ...
Katayama Kosuke - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Different types of tumor have been reported in the pineal gland, but pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) in this region is extremely rare. CLINICAL PRESENTATIONS: A 61-year-old man had gait disturbance and dementia for 1 month. Radiological examination revealed a 22 × 26 × 22-mm-diameter mass in the pineal gland and remarkable hydrocephalus. Biopsy ...
Erhan B - - 2013
Study design:Cross-sectional controlled study.Objectives:To evaluate the elbow joint with ultrasound in paraplegic patients, determine the related factors and compare it with healthy controls.Setting:A training and research rehabilitation hospital in Istanbul.Methods:A total of 30 paraplegic patients and 20 healthy controls were included in the study. Patients demographic data, pain in the ...
Moreno-Pérez Darwin A - - 2013
Reticulocytes represent the main invasion target for Plasmodium vivax, the second most prevalent parasite species around the world causing malaria in humans. In spite of these cells importance in research into malaria, biological knowledge related to the nature of the host has been limited, given the technical difficulties present in ...
Peyrin-Biroulet Laurent - - 2013
Therapy for Crohn's disease has long been based on a step-up approach, with monoclonal antibodies against TNF as a final option before surgery. Despite the introduction of these monoclonal antibodies, no major changes have occurred in the natural history of Crohn's disease, with half of all patients still requiring intestinal ...
Burton N J - - 2013
Objectives: To describe a novel canine castless partial carpal arthrodesis plate (par-CA) and its ex vivo biomechanical comparison with T-plate and cross pinning techniques for canine partial carpal arthrodesis. Methods: The three implant systems were applied to three cohorts of six forelimbs from Greyhounds euthanatized for reasons unrelated to the ...
Shekelle Paul G - - 2013
A small percentage of patients die during hospitalization or shortly thereafter, and it is widely believed that more or better nursing care could prevent some of these deaths. The author systematically reviewed the evidence about nurse staffing ratios and in-hospital death through September 2012. From 550 titles, 87 articles were ...
Hernebring Malin - - 2013
In embryonic stem cells, removal of oxidatively damaged proteins is triggered upon the first signs of cell fate specification but the underlying mechanism is not known. Here, we report that this phase of differentiation encompasses an unexpected induction of genes encoding the proteasome activator PA28αβ (11S), subunits of the immunoproteasome ...
Parolini Cinzia - - 2013
Many functional foods and dietary supplements have been reported to be beneficial for the management of dyslipidaemia, one of the major risk factors for CVD. Soluble fibres and legume proteins are known to be a safe and practical approach for cholesterol reduction. The present study aimed at investigating the hypocholesterolaemic ...
Kitada Makoto - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Appropriate insertion of a femoral guidewire is essential for hip resurfacing. A simulation study was planned using synthetic femoral bone models and the accuracy and precision of femoral guidewire alignment and insertion point were compared between conventional jigs, patient-specific templates, and computed tomography (CT) based navigation techniques. METHODS: Anteversion, ...
Ikeda Shinichiro - - 2013
We report here a 79-year-old male having sarcoidosis without presentation of typical findings, such as respiratory symptoms, ocular signs, or skin lesions. Two weeks prior to admission to our hospital, he presented to a different hospital with acute renal failure, with blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (Cr) levels ...
Liu Defu - - 2013
To improve the mechanical properties of a scaffold fabricated via selective laser sintering (SLS), a small amount (0.5-3 wt%) of poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) is added to the β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) powder. The fracture toughness of the scaffold prepared with the mixture powder containing 1 wt% PLLA increases by 18.18% and the compressive ...
Koch Sabrina - - 2013
In 2D and 3D time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometric (ToF-SIMS) analysis, accentuated structures on the sample surface induce distorted element distributions in the measurement. The origin of this effect is the 45° incidence angle of the analysis beam, recording planar images with distortion of the sample surface. For the generation ...
Rodan Lance H - - 2013
The patient is a 7-year-old girl with a history of repaired gastroschisis and short gut syndrome. She presented with a 4-day history of progressive encephalopathy, truncal ataxia, and omnidirectional gaze-evoked nystagmus. Peripheral lactate was 7.1 mmol/L. Serum thiamine level was decreased (<5 nmol/L). Brain magnetic resonance with spectroscopy is shown ...
Ye Xing L - - 2013
Bone mass and inflammation are implicated in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. We hypothesized that leptin and leptin receptor gene might be associated with osteoporosis by activating the inflammatory pathway. Therefore, we analyzed polymorphisms of the leptin (gene symbol, LEP) and leptin receptor (gene symbol, LEPR) genes and determined their associations ...
Zhao Jingjing - - 2013
What is the best account to explain the object-based attentional benefit-that is, the spread of attention within an attended object or prioritization of search across possible target locations within an attended object? Using a task in which the location of the target was known with certainty, in the present study ...
Ni Yun - - 2013
Spin caloritronics devices are very important for future development of low-power-consumption technology. We propose a new spin caloritronics device based on zigzag graphene nanoribbon (ZGNR), which is a heterojunction consisting of single-hydrogen-terminated ZGNR (ZGNR-H) and double-hydrogen-terminated ZGNR (ZGNR-H). We predict that spin-up and spin-down currents flowing in opposite directions can ...
Niyazmand Hamed - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the changes in anterior segment following short-term reading and evaluate the correlation of such changes with corneal biomechanical characteristics (CBC). METHODS: Thirty-six right eyes of 36 healthy subjects were examined. Anterior segment parameters were measured using the Pentacam before and after 30 min of reading. Ocular Response Analyzer ...
Lüthi Christoph - - 2013
Dry grain legume seeds possessing αAI-1, an α-amylase inhibitor from common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), under the control of a cotyledon-specific promoter have been shown to be highly resistant to several important bruchid pest species. One transgenic chickpea and four cowpea lines expressing αAI-1, their respective controls, as well as nine ...
Schmid-Tannwald Christine - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate contrast-enhanced MRI, diffusion-weighted MRI (DW MRI), and 68Ga-DOTATATE positron emission tomography (PET)/CT in the detection of intermediate to well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NET) of the pancreas. METHODS: Eighteen patients with pathologically proven pancreatic NET who underwent MRI including DW MRI and PET/CT ...
Font J - - 2013
A case of bilateral calcaneal epiphysiolysis in a six-month-old female Dobermann Pinscher is described in this report. The absence of a traumatic event and the clinical, radiographic and histopathological abnormalities led us to the diagnosis of simultaneous bilateral epiphysiolysis of the calcaneus. A tension band and a type II transarticular ...
Dobbe J G G - - 2013
After a fracture of the distal radius, the bone segments may heal in a suboptimal position. This condition may lead to a reduced hand function, pain and finally osteoarthritis, sometimes requiring corrective surgery. Recent studies report computer-assisted 3-D planning techniques in which the mirrored contralateral unaffected radius serves as reference ...
Rubin Carol S - - 2013
Although the interconnection of humans, animals, and ecosystems has been recognized historically, increasing specialization of professionals in the twentieth century led to decreased communication and collaboration among sectors. In early 2000, a One Health vision of global interconnectedness began gaining in popularity and a series of meetings were held extolling ...
Farrell Geoffrey C - - 2013
NAFLD-regarded as a consequence of the modern sedentary, food-abundant lifestyle prevalent in the West-was recorded in Japan nearly 50 years ago and its changing epidemiology during the past three decades is well-documented. NAFLD, and its pathologically more severe form NASH, occur in genetically susceptible people who are over-nourished. Asian people ...
Silva Adriana L DA - - 2013
<p id="para1">Nanotechnology is an emerging science with the potential to create new materials and strategies involving manipulation of matter at the nanometer scale (<100 nm). With size-dependent properties, nanoparticles have introduced a new paradigm in pharmacotherapy - the possibility of cell-targeted drug delivery with minimal systemic side effects and toxicity. ...
Raghunath M - - 2013
A two-and-half-year-old cow was presented with a defect nonunion of the right metatarsal III/IV bone following a severely comminuted open fracture two months previously. The animal underwent open fixation using a 4.5 mm, broad, 10-hole, dynamic compression plate and autogenous cancellous bone graft collected from the contralateral iliac shaft. The ...
Dukes Madeline J - - 2013
Gold nanorods are widely known for their photothermal properties to treat solid tumors. Our work demonstrates the unrealized capacity to image these reagents in liquid at high resolution using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Here we perform the first atomic measurements of functionalized nanorods in solution while visualizing their dynamic behaviour ...
Sull Jae Woong - - 2013
Obesity is associated with a variety of adverse health risks. Several genome-wide association studies of obesity have identified candidate genes, including the fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) and the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene. We carried out a replication study of MC4R and FTO variants in a Korean cohort. A ...
Marcondes Luciana D F - - 2013
We present a neonate with an antenatal diagnosis of Scimitar syndrome and aortic arch hypoplasia. After delivery, computerised tomography scan additionally revealed an anomalous origin of the circumflex coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery. The management of this rare combination is discussed.
Goncharova Iryna - - 2013
Although the interactions between bilirubin and serum albumin are among the most studied serum albumin-ligand interactions, the binding-site location and the participation of bilirubin-serum albumin complexes in pathological and physiological processes are under debate. In this article, we have benefited from the chiral structure of bilirubin and used CD spectroscopy ...
Weaver Sallie J - - 2013
Developing a culture of safety is a core element of many efforts to improve patient safety and care quality. This systematic review identifies and assesses interventions used to promote safety culture or climate in acute care settings. The authors searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and EMBASE to identify relevant English-language ...
Silanikove Nissim - - 2013
The aims of this study were to test the assumption that tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen (PG) are closely associated with the casein micelle and form a functional complex that rules casein degradation. This assumption was essentially verified for bovine milk under conditions wherein the plasmin system was activated ...
Mullick Amrita B - - 2013
A novel eighteen membered chiral macrocyclic dicarbene-digold complex [(μ-diNHC)AuI]2[OTF]2 was synthesized and characterized. Starting with enantiopure diNHC imidazolium salt ligand precursors enables access to the enantiopure versions of the digold(i) metallamacrocycles, and . In vitro cytotoxicity studies indicate is moderately cytotoxic to both healthy and cancerous cell-lines, with no specificity. ...
Leeman M F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Super-obese patients in NHS Lothian during 2009-2010 were offered the intragastric balloon to assist with weight loss prior to definitive bariatric surgery along with participation in a structured weight management programme. Those who declined balloon placement continued to receive weight management alone (WM). The aim of this study was ...
Osaka Mariko - - 2013
The present study investigated when emotion modulates working memory from the perspective of neural activation. Using fMRI, we measured brain activity during the encoding and retrieval phases of a reading span test (RST) that used emotional contexts. The emotional RST required participants to read sentences that elicited negative, neural or ...
Chatki Pankaj Kisan - - 2013
A robust, specific and fully validated LC-MS/MS method as per general practices of industry has been developed for estimation of lacidipine (LAC) with 100 μL of human plasma using lacidipine-13 C8 as an internal standard (IS). The API-4000 LC-MS/MS was operated under the multiple reaction-monitoring mode. A simple liquid-liquid extraction ...
Alshammary Sfoug - - 2013
PURPOSE: Myocardial infarction (MI) remains a major cause of mortality because of the limited regenerative capacity of the myocardium. Transplantation of somatic tissue-derived cells into the heart has been shown to enhance the endogenous healing process, but the magnitude of its therapeutic effects is dependent upon the cell-source or cell-delivery ...
Sainsbury Kirby - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:To test the effectiveness of an interactive online intervention to improve gluten free diet adherence in adults with celiac disease.METHODS:A Randomized controlled trial was conducted. A total of 189 adults with biopsy-confirmed celiac disease were recruited and randomized to receive the intervention (n=101) or to a waitlist control condition (n=88). ...
Jiang F - - 2013
The guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is an invasive pest of fruit and vegetable crops that primarily inhabits Southeast Asia and which has the potential to become a major threat within both the Oriental and Australian oceanic regions as well as California and Florida. In light of ...
Chen Saizhen - - 2013
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ropivacaine in Chinese patients by intra-articular administration after arthroscopic knee surgery, in order to assess the safety and efficacy. Patients and methods: 21 ASA I-II patients received a single-dose of ropivacaine 150 mg in a ...
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