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Results 201 - 250 of 2671
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Ercolin Beatriz - - 2013
Oropharyngeal dysphagia and esophageal motility disorders were found to be the most important causes of aspiration pneumonia in patients with myotonic dystrophy. The purpose of this report was to evaluate clinical characteristics of the oral motor movements and swallowing of individuals with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) using a standardized ...
Karakas Mehmet Fatih - - 2013
Background. Ventricular dyssynchrony is an co-determinant of progression and exacerbation of heart failure (HF). The co-existence of ventricular dyssynchrony with hypertension (HT) and HF were shown, however there is no data regarding the effect of circadian rhythm of blood pressure (BP) on ventricular synchrony. Therefore, we aimed to study the ...
Hofmann Elisabeth - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the image quality and dose exposition of different cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and low-dose multislice spiral CT (MSCT) scanners. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A human cadaver head was examined with three MSCT and five CBCT scanners. The radiation dose was measured using ...
Piner Petek - - 2013
The objective of this research was to investigate the neurotoxic effects of pyrethroid pesticide lambda-cyhalothrin by the modulation of cytochrome P450 with piperonyl butoxide in the brain of juvenile Oreochromis niloticus. The fish were exposed to 0.48 μg L-1 (1/6 of the 96-h LC50 ) lambda-cyhalothrin and 10 μg L-1 ...
Farré Ricard - - 2013
The response of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) to ingestion of food is a complex and closely controlled process, which allows optimization of propulsion, digestion, absorption of nutrients, and removal of indigestible remnants. This review summarizes current knowledge on the mechanisms that control the response of the GIT to food intake. ...
Dijoux Yann - - 2013
This paper considers the modelling of the process of Corrective and condition-based Preventive Maintenance, for complex repairable systems. In order to take into account the dependency between both types of maintenance and the possibility of imperfect maintenance, Generalized Competing Risks models have been introduced in "Doyen and Gaudoin (J Appl ...
Mikerezi Ilia - - 2013
In order to describe the isonymic structure of Albania, the distribution of 3,068,447 surnames was studied in the 12 prefectures and their administrative subdivisions: the 36 districts and 321 communes. The number of different surnames found was 37,184. Effective surname number for the entire country was 1327, the average for ...
Liao Fei - - 2013
The early growth response (EGR) family has a highly conserved DNA-binding domain and encodes zinc finger proteins, which show suppressive effects on tumour growth. However, the expression and significance of EGR3 in gastric cancer are still unknown. In this study, real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry and western blot assays were performed to ...
Suzuki Yoshiharu - - 2013
Ribavirin (RBV), a guanosine analog for treatment of hepatitis C, is a substrate of a nucleoside transporter, solute carrier family 29 member 1 (SLC29A1). To clarify the impact of SLC29A1 on the pharmacokinetics of RBV, an open-label, crossover study of single-dose RBV (200 mg, po) with and without coadministration of ...
Wu Gang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the ability for chondrogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stems cells (BMSCs) induced by either cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein 1 (CDMP-1) alone or in the presence of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in vivo and in vitro. BMSCs and poly-lactic acid/glycolic acid copolymer (PLGA) ...
Suchowersky Oksana - - 2013
Editors' Note: In response to "Evidence-based guideline: pharmacologic treatment of chorea in Huntington disease," Dr. Suchowersky comments on the need for caution in prescribing tetrabenazine with other medications metabolized by cytochrome P450. Authors Armstrong and Miyasaki encourage clinicians to consult prescribing details before starting any medications. In reference to "Antiplatelets ...
You Zhiliang - - 2013
Bis-functionalized ferrocenyl units have been attached to organo-functionalized [(RFSn)4S6] double-decker clusters as criss-cross-type intramolecular straps. Two different ways of linking result in different crystal structures and different electrochemical stabilities of the resulting compounds.
Toyota Toshiaki - - 2013
Background: Limited data are available for sex-based differences in Japanese patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and Results: The study patients comprised 1,197 women and 3,182 men who underwent primary PCI for AMI in 2005-2007. Compared with the men, the women were significantly older, and ...
Wang Melissa E - - 2013
The study of fear memory is important for understanding various anxiety disorders in which patients experience persistent recollections of traumatic events. These memories often involve associations of contextual cues with aversive events; consequently, Pavlovian classical conditioning is commonly used to study contextual fear learning. The use of predator odor as ...
Jiangying Qu - - 2013
A highly atom-economic procedure for the preparation of reduced graphene oxide/Mn3O4 (rGO/Mn3O4) composites is reported. Pristine graphene oxide/manganese sulfate (GO/MnSO4) suspension produced by modified Hummers method is utilized with high efficiency, which has been in situ converted into GO/Mn3O4 hybrid composite by air oxidation, then into rGO/Mn3O4 composite by means ...
Ferrer-García J C - - 2013
AIM: Malignant insulinoma is an infrequent functional endocrine tumor of the pancreas. Adequate therapy is a demanding challenge for oncologists and endocrinologists. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of multidisciplinary management of malignant insulinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with malignant insulinoma treated from 1995 to 2011. RESULTS: Seven ...
McMahon Colin J - - 2013
A newborn baby girl was diagnosed with tetralogy of Fallot and an aortopulmonary window. At 3 weeks of age, the coexistent diagnosis of an anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery was made. Initial surgical intervention included a Takeuchi baffle of the left coronary artery, closure of the aortopulmonary ...
Futamura Masaki - - 2013
Parental education is important in managing childhood atopic dermatitis (AD). We evaluated the long-term effects of a 2-day parental education program (PEP) on childhood AD. In an investigator-blinded, randomized controlled trial, 59 children age 6 months to 6 years with moderate to severe AD and their mothers were recruited in Japan. Participants ...
Caplan Louis R - - 2013
The Cervical Artery Dissection in Stroke Study (CADISS-NR) trial concluded that there was no difference in secondary stroke prevention provided by antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents in patients with carotid or vertebral artery dissections. It is important to note that the mean time of treatment after symptom onset was 10.8 days ...
Oshtrakh M I - - 2013
Comparative study of human liver ferritin and spleen tissues from healthy human and patient with primary myelofibrosis was carried out using Mössbauer spectroscopy with a high velocity resolution at 295 and 90 K and with a low velocity resolution at 20 K. The results obtained demonstrated that the iron content in patient's ...
Gardiner Michael G - - 2013
N,N'-Asymmetrically substituted, methylene-linked bis(imidazol-2-ylidene) complexes have been prepared subsequent to a selective synthesis of the bis(imidazolium) salt precursors involving the quarternisation of N-alkyl and -aryl imidazoles with N-halomethyl imidazolium salts. The adaptability of the ligand precursor synthesis is illustrated through access to the N-Me/N'-Mes and N-Mes/N'-2,6-(i-Pr)2Ph systems, leading to the ...
Yeo S A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) in "young" patients under 50 years of age is uncommon. There have been conflicting reports regarding both the clinicopathological features of CRC in young patients and prognosis. The aim of this study was to review and compare the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors, and overall survival of patients ...
Wu Sijing - - 2013
Playing action videogames is known to improve visual spatial attention and related skills. Here, we showed that playing action videogames also improves classic visual search, as well as the ability to locate targets in a dual search that mimics certain aspects of an action videogame. In Experiment 1A, first-person shooter ...
Bilgiç Ayhan - - 2013
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often comorbid with anxiety disorders and previous studies observed that anxiety could have an impact on the clinical course of ADHD and comorbid disruptive behavioral disorders (conduct disorders and oppositional-defiant disorders). Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is a different concept from anxiety per se and it is ...
Kati Amalia - - 2013
The greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), is a major pest of cereals in some parts of the world and is of particular concern because it can be resistant to some insecticides and overcome the resistance of crops. In the UK, it has never been found on crops, but two rather little-known ...
Economedes Demetri M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although testing and treatment for Staphylococcus aureus colonization before total joint arthroplasty (TJA) are well described and understood, the durability of decolonization has not been studied extensively. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this pilot study is to determine the percentage of arthroplasty patients with S. aureus colonization despite previous decolonization ...
Zuo Ke - - 2013
Background: Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is a representative form of nephrotic syndrome in China. Although IMN is thought to run a more benign course in Asian patients than in the Caucasian population, there has been no persuasive study to determine the long-term prognosis and risk factors for IMN in the ...
Kong Shaoliang - - 2013
A series of 1,2-bis(arylimino)acenaphthylidenes () and their corresponding 4,4'-methylenebis(1-(2,6-diisopropylphenylimino)-2-(arylimino)acenaphthylene) derivatives () were synthesized and used to form mono-nuclear nickel bromides NiBr2 (n = 1-5, ) and bi-nuclear nickel halides Ni2X4 (n = 6-10: X = Br, ; n = 4, X = Cl, ). All the organic compounds were fully ...
Prager K C - - 2013
Rabies virus (RV) and canine distemper virus (CDV) can cause significant mortality in wild carnivore populations, and RV threatens human lives. We investigated serological patterns of exposure to CDV and RV in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris), African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus), black-backed jackals (Canis mesomelas), spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta), striped ...
Fields Chris - - 2013
The theory of computation and category theory both employ arrow-based notations that suggest that the basic metaphor "state changes are like motions" plays a fundamental role in all mathematical reasoning involving formal manipulations. If this is correct, structure-mapping inferences implemented by the pre-motor action planning system can be expected to ...
Solini Anna - - 2013
Resistant hypertension is highly prevalent, and is the form of arterial hypertension that is most difficult to treat. Many patients diagnosed with this disease do not have resistant hypertension, but rather have mismanaged primary hypertension. In many cases blood pressure can be controlled by directly addressing underlying causes such as ...
Agcaoglu Orhan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Liver resection and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are two surgical options in the treatment of patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM). The aim of this study was to analyze patient characteristics and outcomes after resection and RFA for CLM from a single center. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2010, 395 patients ...
Ferreira Adão S - - 2013
<p id="para1">Conventional tillage (CT) and no-tillage (NT) management systems alter soil nutrient availability and consequently modify soil microbial response to nutrient additions such as carbon (C) and phosphorus (P). The objective of this study is to evaluate microbial response to the addition of C (glucose) and P (Na2HPO4.7H2O) under CT ...
Benabu Yves - - 2013
Cerebral autosomal-dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) has always been considered to be a middle-age-onset disease. Diagnosis is confirmed by genetic testing and the finding of the Notch3 mutation or by skin biopsy. Imaging plays a pivotal and crucial role in confirming this diagnosis by identifying white matter ...
Indumathi S - - 2013
The applicability of stem cells from the human endometrium and fallopian tube for regeneration is a fascinating area of research because of the role of these cells in dynamic tissue remodelling and their cyclical regenerative property during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Nevertheless, studies on the identity of biomarkers of ...
Bleck Thomas P - - 2013
In 2004, the NIH announced its Blueprint for Neuroscience Research (www.neuroscienceblueprint.nih.gov), an ambitious set of projects led by the 15 NIH Institutes, Centers, and Offices that support neuroscience research to advance several missions related to the nervous system. One of these, the NIH Toolbox for the Assessment of Neurological and ...
Zardavas Dimitrios - - 2013
Extensive preclinical experimentation has conceptually changed the way we perceive breast cancer, with the wide spectrum of genomic alterations governing its malignant progression now being recognized. Functional genomics has helped us identify important genetic defects that can be pharmaceutically targeted in the setting of metastatic disease. Rationally chosen combination regimens ...
Crookshank Meghan C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The entry point is crucial to an accurate reduction in femoral nailing. Fluoroscopy-based navigation was developed to aid in reducing femur fractures and selecting entry points. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked: (1) Can the piriformis fossa (PF) and tip of the greater trochanter (TT) be identified with high reproducibility? (2) What ...
Lavebratt C - - 2013
The kynurenine pathway metabolite kynurenic acid (KYNA), modulating glutamatergic and cholinergic neurotransmission, is increased in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder type 1 with psychotic features. KYNA production is critically dependent on kynurenine 3-monooxygenase (KMO). KMO mRNA levels and activity in prefrontal cortex (PFC) are reduced ...
Redondo Maria J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that anti-islet autoantibody expression and random serum C-peptide obtained at diagnosis define phenotypes of pediatric diabetes with distinct clinical features. SUBJECTS: We analyzed 607 children aged <19 yr consecutively diagnosed with diabetes after exclusion of 13% of cases with secondary diabetes (e.g., cystic fibrosis related, ...
Zhou Junhua - - 2013
Objective: To observe the efficacy and safety of leflunomide combined with prednisone therapy (LEF therapy) in the treatment of patients with adult onset steroid-dependent and steroid-resistant minimal change disease (MCD). Methods: 16 MCD patients who had been treated with LEF therapy were retrospectively analyzed. 87.5% (14/16) of the patients were ...
Fedele Carmine - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer represents one of the most common causes of cancer deaths worldwide. Overexpression of ErbB2, a tyrosine kinase receptor involved in the pathogenesis of several human cancer types, has been reported also in gastric cancer. Thus, the inhibition of ErbB2 signal transduction pathways by the use of human ...
Kasote Deepak M - - 2013
Mitochondrial dysfunction is at the base of development and progression of several psychiatric and neurologic diseases with different etiologies. MtDNA/nDNA mutational damage, failure of endogenous antioxidant defenses, hormonal malfunction, altered membrane permeability, metabolic dysregulation, disruption of calcium buffering capacity and ageing have been found to be the root causes of ...
McDonald Kathryn M - - 2013
Missed, delayed, or incorrect diagnosis can lead to inappropriate patient care, poor patient outcomes, and increased cost. This systematic review analyzed evaluations of interventions to prevent diagnostic errors. Searches used MEDLINE (1966 to October 2012), the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Patient Safety Network, bibliographies, and prior systematic reviews. ...
James Simon A - - 2013
Metals are essential in biochemistry, with highly regulated localisation and concentration. To continue elucidating the impact of inorganic physiology on cellular process in health and disease requires development of suitable eukaryotic models and experimental approaches. The multicellular organism Caenorhabditis elegans has been widely adopted as a model system and proved ...
Hopwood Max - - 2013
Research indicates that patients treated with interferon-based regimens can experience persistent neurotoxicity after treatment ceases and new symptoms attributable to the regimens can emerge post-treatment. To explore post-hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment outcomes, in-depth interviews were conducted with a self-selected sample of people from two Australian states who had completed ...
Kwan Janice L - - 2013
Medication reconciliation identifies and resolves unintentional discrepancies between patients' medication lists across transitions in care. The purpose of this review is to summarize evidence about the effectiveness of hospital-based medication reconciliation interventions. Searches encompassed MEDLINE through November 2012 and EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through July ...
Barott K L - - 2013
Corals are an ecologically and evolutionarily significant group, providing the framework for coral reef biodiversity while representing one of the most basal of metazoan phyla. However, little is known about fundamental signaling pathways in corals. Here we investigate the dynamics of cAMP, a conserved signaling molecule that can regulate virtually ...
Walraven I - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Proinsulin is possibly associated with cancer through activation of insulin receptor isoform A. We sought to investigate the associations between proinsulin and 20 year cancer mortality rates. METHODS: The study was performed within the Hoorn Study, a population-based study of glucose metabolism in individuals aged 50-75 years in the Dutch population. ...
- - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess feasibility and results of screening patients with tuberculosis (TB) for diabetes mellitus (DM) within the routine healthcare setting across the country at: eight tertiary care hospitals and more than 60 peripheral health institutions in eight tuberculosis units. METHODS: Agreement on how to screen, monitor and record was ...
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