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Results 201 - 250 of 2685
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Agcaoglu Orhan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Liver resection and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are two surgical options in the treatment of patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM). The aim of this study was to analyze patient characteristics and outcomes after resection and RFA for CLM from a single center. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2010, 395 patients ...
Ferreira Adão S - - 2013
<p id="para1">Conventional tillage (CT) and no-tillage (NT) management systems alter soil nutrient availability and consequently modify soil microbial response to nutrient additions such as carbon (C) and phosphorus (P). The objective of this study is to evaluate microbial response to the addition of C (glucose) and P (Na2HPO4.7H2O) under CT ...
Million M - - 2013
Background:Genus and species level analysis is the best way to characterize alterations in the human gut microbiota that are associated with obesity, because the clustering of obese and lean microbiotas increases with the taxonomic depth of the analysis. Bifidobacterium genus members have been associated with a lean status, whereas different ...
Benabu Yves - - 2013
Cerebral autosomal-dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) has always been considered to be a middle-age-onset disease. Diagnosis is confirmed by genetic testing and the finding of the Notch3 mutation or by skin biopsy. Imaging plays a pivotal and crucial role in confirming this diagnosis by identifying white matter ...
Indumathi S - - 2013
The applicability of stem cells from the human endometrium and fallopian tube for regeneration is a fascinating area of research because of the role of these cells in dynamic tissue remodelling and their cyclical regenerative property during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Nevertheless, studies on the identity of biomarkers of ...
Salvadó L - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Although the substitution of saturated fatty acids with oleate has been recommended in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus, the mechanisms by which oleate improves insulin resistance in skeletal muscle cells are not completely known. Here, we examined whether oleate, through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), prevented ...
Kumbhari Vivek - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:There is no consensus on how best to treat symptom recurrence following previous therapy with Heller myotomy. Our aim was to determine the safety and the short and long-term efficacy of pneumatic dilatation to treat symptomatic recurrence in patients previously treated with Heller myotomy for idiopathic achalasia.METHODS:We identified 27 eligible ...
Amano Jun - - 2013
Tumors of the heart and the great vessels are very rare disease, and there are many disorders such as tumors originated from the heart and great vessels, metastatic tumors, and tumor-like lesions which do not fit into the usual concept of tumor or neoplasm; thus, it is very difficult to ...
Deng Chenhui - - 2013
Objective: To build a population pharmacokinetic model for Chinese adult patients and develop initial dosage regimens for patients with different degrees of renal function to achieve target steady-state trough concentrations in the range of 10 - 15 and 15 - 20 mg/l. Method: Data on serum vancomycin concentration was collected ...
Fujikawa-Yamamoto Kohzaburo - - 2013
Two lines of dodecaploid H1 embryonic stem cells, 12H1 and 12H1(-) cells (mouse-originated cells), were established through polyploidization of two hexaploid H1 cells, 6H1 and 6H1(-) cells, which were cultured in L15F10 (7:3) medium with and without leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), respectively. The G1, S, and G2/M phase fractions of ...
Katayama Kosuke - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Different types of tumor have been reported in the pineal gland, but pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) in this region is extremely rare. CLINICAL PRESENTATIONS: A 61-year-old man had gait disturbance and dementia for 1 month. Radiological examination revealed a 22 × 26 × 22-mm-diameter mass in the pineal gland and remarkable hydrocephalus. Biopsy ...
Erhan B - - 2013
Study design:Cross-sectional controlled study.Objectives:To evaluate the elbow joint with ultrasound in paraplegic patients, determine the related factors and compare it with healthy controls.Setting:A training and research rehabilitation hospital in Istanbul.Methods:A total of 30 paraplegic patients and 20 healthy controls were included in the study. Patients demographic data, pain in the ...
Killgore W D S - - 2013
Objectives:Excessive weight gain and obesity are currently among the world's major threats to health. Women show significantly higher rates of obesity and eating disorders relative to men, but the factors contributing to these gender differences remain uncertain. We examined the correlations between regional brain responses to images of high-calorie versus ...
Molfenter Sonja M - - 2013
Postswallow residue is widely considered to be a sign of swallowing impairment and is assumed to pose risk for aspiration on subsequent swallows. We undertook a preliminary retrospective study to investigate the link between postswallow residue and penetration-aspiration on the immediately occurring subsequent clearing swallow (i.e., without introduction of a ...
Yamazaki Tomoko - - 2013
COUP-TFII nuclear receptor, which is composed of a DNA-binding domain and a ligand-binding domain, exerts pleiotropic effects on development and cell differentiation by regulating the transcription of its target genes, including Cyp7a1, which plays important roles in catabolism of cholesterol in liver. While there exist multiple variants of COUP-TFII, their ...
Sriraj Pranee - - 2013
The northeastern region of Thailand has long been known as an endemic area of the human liver fluke infection which is caused by Opisthorchis viverrini. Humans are infected by ingestion of uncooked cyprinoid fish in traditional dishes such as "koi-pla," "pla-som," "pla-jom," and "pla-ra." To date, the prevalence of this ...
Doubeni Chyke A - - 2013
The effectiveness of screening colonoscopy in average-risk adults is uncertain, particularly for right colon cancer. To examine the association between screening colonoscopy and risk for incident late-stage colorectal cancer (CRC). Nested case-control study. Four U.S. health plans. 1039 average-risk adults enrolled for at least 5 years in one of the ...
Schmidt Eric - - 2013
Simulation is a versatile technique used in a variety of health care settings for a variety of purposes, but the extent to which simulation may improve patient safety remains unknown. This systematic review examined evidence on the effects of simulation techniques on patient safety outcomes. PubMed and the Cochrane Library ...
Lippolis G - - 2013
Background:Prostate cancer (PCa) is characterized by high tumor heterogeneity. In 2005, the fusion between the androgen-regulated gene TMPRSS2 and members of the ETS family was discovered in prostate cancer. In particular, fusion of TMPRSS2 with ERG was found in approximately 50% of prostate cancers and considered as an early event ...
Zhang Yuanyan Y - - 2013
Quercus acutissima is native to eastern Asia. It has a wide distribution in China and China is an important component in understanding the ecology and genetic structure of this species. Q. acutissima attained high economic value for hardwood product and can be managed as an energy tree species. To investigate ...
Mahon Eugene - - 2013
Multivalent biorecognition of lectin layers by glyconanoparticle sugar-clusters has been used to generate multilayer nanoplatform architectures in a QCM sensing setup.
Thankavel Poonam P - - 2013
Background: Myocardial injury in previously healthy children is rare, with a wide range of aetiologies. It is increasingly being identified on the basis of elevated troponin levels during routine evaluation of cardiorespiratory symptoms. Establishing the aetiology remains challenging because of the lack of an accepted work-up algorithm. Our objective was ...
Pardanani A - - 2013
JAK-STAT is a rational drug target in myelofibrosis (MF) given its association with JAK2/MPL mutations and aberrant inflammatory cytokine expression. We conducted a Phase 1/2 trial of CYT387, a potent JAK-1/2 inhibitor, in patients with high- or intermediate-risk primary or post-polycythemia vera/essential thrombocythemia MF. Pre-planned safety and efficacy analysis has ...
Gander Thomas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Complex visual hallucinations in the presence of a clear mental state and in the absence of underlying neurological disorders have received increased recognition since Charles Bonnet reported visual hallucinations secondary to mature cataracts in 1760. The prevalence of Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) varies widely in the literature and might ...
Clement W A - - 2013
Objective: To determine the number of children undergoing tonsillectomy that could have this performed as a day surgery procedure. Methods: This paper reports a prospective cohort study, which entailed a comparison of children's eligibility for day-case surgery between 2001 and 2011 and an assessment of the Scottish Index of Multiple ...
Cante Domenico - - 2013
Accelerated hypofractionation (HF) using larger dose per fraction, delivered in fewer fractions over a shorter overall treatment time, is presently a consistent possibility for adjuvant whole breast radiation (WBRT) after breast-conserving surgery for early breast cancer (EBC). Between 2005 and 2008, we submitted 375 consecutive patients to accelerated hypofractionated WBRT ...
O'Toole Orna - - 2013
A 72-year-old woman with autoimmune hypothyroidism and type 1 diabetes mellitus presented with 1 year of progressively worsening neck, back, and right thigh spasms and leg stiffness. Sudden loud noises would startle her. She ambulated with a walking frame. Serum glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 antibody was markedly elevated (1,118 nmol/L; ...
Reiners Katrin S - - 2013
Natural killer (NK) cells represent a key component of the innate immune system against cancer. Nevertheless, malignant diseases arise in immunocompetent individuals despite tumor immunosurveillance. Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is characterized by CD30+ tumor cells and a massive infiltration of immune effector cells in affected lymph nodes. The latter obviously fail ...
Fujimoto Rodrigo Y - - 2013
<p id="para1">Vitamin C is essential for fish diets because many species cannot syntethize it. This vitamin is needed for bone and cartilage formation. Moreover, it acts as antioxidant and improve the immunological system. The present work investigated the effects of vitamin C diet supplementation to spotted sorubim (Pseudoplatystoma coruscans) fingerlings ...
Cunniffe G - - 2013
Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon disease most frequently occurring in the head and neck region. It occurs in all races. In spite of a clear distinction between ALHE and Kimura's disease on histological grounds for almost 20 years now, confusion and misdiagnosis still exist to date. Three Spanish ...
Van Slycke Sam - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In thyroid surgery, intra-operative neuromonitoring of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and vagal nerve (VN) are performed as an adjunct to the gold standard of optical visualisation of the RLN, to avoid injury of the RLN, and subsequently paralysis of the vocal cords. Intermittent RLN neuromonitoring diminished the temporary ...
Caplan Louis R - - 2013
The Cervical Artery Dissection in Stroke Study (CADISS-NR) trial concluded that there was no difference in secondary stroke prevention provided by antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents in patients with carotid or vertebral artery dissections. It is important to note that the mean time of treatment after symptom onset was 10.8 days ...
Oshtrakh M I - - 2013
Comparative study of human liver ferritin and spleen tissues from healthy human and patient with primary myelofibrosis was carried out using Mössbauer spectroscopy with a high velocity resolution at 295 and 90 K and with a low velocity resolution at 20 K. The results obtained demonstrated that the iron content in patient's ...
Buser Christopher C Department of Molecular & Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2013
Defining the ultrastructure of endocytic sites and localization of endocytic proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by immunoelectron microscopy is central in understanding the mechanisms of membrane deformation and scission during endocytosis. We show that an improved sample preparation protocol based on high-pressure freezing, freeze substitution, and low-temperature embedding allows us to ...
Gardiner Michael G - - 2013
N,N'-Asymmetrically substituted, methylene-linked bis(imidazol-2-ylidene) complexes have been prepared subsequent to a selective synthesis of the bis(imidazolium) salt precursors involving the quarternisation of N-alkyl and -aryl imidazoles with N-halomethyl imidazolium salts. The adaptability of the ligand precursor synthesis is illustrated through access to the N-Me/N'-Mes and N-Mes/N'-2,6-(i-Pr)2Ph systems, leading to the ...
Yeo S A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) in "young" patients under 50 years of age is uncommon. There have been conflicting reports regarding both the clinicopathological features of CRC in young patients and prognosis. The aim of this study was to review and compare the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors, and overall survival of patients ...
Wu Sijing - - 2013
Playing action videogames is known to improve visual spatial attention and related skills. Here, we showed that playing action videogames also improves classic visual search, as well as the ability to locate targets in a dual search that mimics certain aspects of an action videogame. In Experiment 1A, first-person shooter ...
Mace E S - - 2013
Nested association mapping (NAM) offers power to dissect complex, quantitative traits. This study made use of a recently developed sorghum backcross (BC)-NAM population to dissect the genetic architecture of flowering time in sorghum; to compare the QTL identified with other genomic regions identified in previous sorghum and maize flowering time ...
Jha Vivekanand - - 2013
Community-acquired acute kidney injury (AKI) in developing tropical countries is markedly different from AKI in developed countries with a temperate climate, which exemplifies the influence that environment can have on the epidemiology of human diseases. The aetiology and presentation of AKI reflect the ethnicity, socioeconomic factors, climatic and ecological characteristics ...
Gatineau David - - 2013
Investigation of the mechanism of the NHC-initiated hydrosilylation of styryl alcohols in the presence of a dihydrosilane suggests a general base catalysis mechanism and not the activation of the dihydrosilane by the NHC.
Ma Shang-Min - - 2013
Abstract This study examines factors that lead to winning matches in men's singles Grand Slam tennis, and proposes guidelines for coaches and professional tennis players both in training and preparation for Grand Slam competitions. Using longitudinal data between 1991 and 2008 retrieved from the official website of the Association of ...
Shekelle Paul G - - 2013
A small percentage of patients die during hospitalization or shortly thereafter, and it is widely believed that more or better nursing care could prevent some of these deaths. The author systematically reviewed the evidence about nurse staffing ratios and in-hospital death through September 2012. From 550 titles, 87 articles were ...
Hernebring Malin - - 2013
In embryonic stem cells, removal of oxidatively damaged proteins is triggered upon the first signs of cell fate specification but the underlying mechanism is not known. Here, we report that this phase of differentiation encompasses an unexpected induction of genes encoding the proteasome activator PA28αβ (11S), subunits of the immunoproteasome ...
Xue Y Y State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Institute of Toxicology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2013
Prostate cancer (PCa) gene expression marker 1 (PCGEM1), a long noncoding RNA, has drawn increasing attention for its important role in PCa. However, the association between genetic variations in the PCGEM1 gene and risk of PCa has not been investigated yet. We investigated the effect of two tagging single-nucleotide polymorphism ...
Parolini Cinzia - - 2013
Many functional foods and dietary supplements have been reported to be beneficial for the management of dyslipidaemia, one of the major risk factors for CVD. Soluble fibres and legume proteins are known to be a safe and practical approach for cholesterol reduction. The present study aimed at investigating the hypocholesterolaemic ...
Kitada Makoto - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Appropriate insertion of a femoral guidewire is essential for hip resurfacing. A simulation study was planned using synthetic femoral bone models and the accuracy and precision of femoral guidewire alignment and insertion point were compared between conventional jigs, patient-specific templates, and computed tomography (CT) based navigation techniques. METHODS: Anteversion, ...
Ikeda Shinichiro - - 2013
We report here a 79-year-old male having sarcoidosis without presentation of typical findings, such as respiratory symptoms, ocular signs, or skin lesions. Two weeks prior to admission to our hospital, he presented to a different hospital with acute renal failure, with blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (Cr) levels ...
Tryggestad Jeanie B JB Department of Pediatrics, Section of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA. - - 2013
We reported that obesity was associated with increased arterial compliance in children, possibly due to accelerated vascular maturation. Here, we explored the additional burden of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) on vascular function in children. Fifty normal weight [body mass index (BMI) 25-75%], 58 obese (BMI ≥ 95%), and 34 children with T2DM ...
Viprakasit Vip - - 2013
Accessibility to iron chelators including deferoxamine and deferasirox remains obscured in many developing countries. To provide an alternative, the government pharmaceutical organization of Thailand (GPO) manufactured deferiprone which has similar bioequivalent to the standard product. Seventy-three pediatric patients with severe β thalassemias, age range 3.2-19 years, were recruited to a ...
Dukes Madeline J - - 2013
Gold nanorods are widely known for their photothermal properties to treat solid tumors. Our work demonstrates the unrealized capacity to image these reagents in liquid at high resolution using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Here we perform the first atomic measurements of functionalized nanorods in solution while visualizing their dynamic behaviour ...
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