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Morishita Tetsuya - - 2013
Mean-force dynamics (MFD), which is a fictitious dynamics for a set of collective variables on a potential of mean-force, is a powerful algorithm to efficiently explore free-energy landscapes. Recently, we have introduced logarithmic MFD (LogMFD) (Morishita et al., Phys. Rev. E 2012, 85, 066702) which overcomes difficulties encounterd in free-energy ...
Fergus Daniel J - - 2013
Estrogens play a salient role in the development and maintenance of both male and female nervous systems and behaviors. The plainfin midshipman (Porichthys notatus), a teleost fish, has two male reproductive morphs that follow alternative mating tactics and diverge in multiple somatic, hormonal and neural traits, including the central control ...
Fung Y L - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Transfusion of blood products in particular older products is associated with patient morbidity. Previously, we demonstrated a higher incidence of acute lung injury in lipopolysaccharide-treated sheep transfused with stored blood products. As transfusion following haemorrhage is more common, we aimed to determine whether a 'first hit' of ...
Yang Yu-Shang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Various reconstruction procedures have been proposed for restoring the alimentary tract continuity after total gastrectomy. However, so far there is no consensus on the ideal post-gastrectomy reconstruction procedure. The necessity of preserving the duodenal passage is one of the major focuses of the debate concerning gastrointestinal reconstruction and is ...
Besken Miri - - 2013
A recent candidate for explaining metamemory judgments is the perceptual fluency hypothesis, which proposes that easily perceived items are predicted to be remembered better, regardless of actual memory performance (Rhodes & Castel Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137:615-625, 2008). In two experiments, we used the perceptual interference manipulation to test ...
Ditunno J F JF - - 2013
Study design:Literature review.Objective:To critically review all publications/internet sites that have described/used the Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury (WISCI II), as a measure of impairment of walking function after spinal cord injury (SCI), in order to identify its psychometric properties, clarify its nature, specify misuse and incorporate the findings in ...
Kobayashi Takeshi - - 2013
We systematically studied the enhancement factor (per scan) and the sensitivity enhancement (per unit time) in 13C and 29Si cross-polarization magic angle spinning (CP-MAS) NMR boosted by dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) of functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs). Specifically, we separated contributions due to: (i) microwave irradiation, (ii) quenching by paramagnetic ...
Kokunai Yasuhito - - 2013
Alkylating agents, often used for chemotherapy in patients with melanoma, can produce O6-alkylguanine (O6AG) which is related to tumor cell killing after treatment with alkylating agents. O6AG is effectively eliminated by O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (O6MGMT) and its level is correlative to the resistance to alkylating agents. However, little is known about ...
Moldzio Rudolf - - 2013
Resveratrol interacts with the complex III of the respiratory chain, is a radical scavenger and also suppressor of radical formation in the mitochondria. It reduces the intracellular calcium levels in pre- and postsynaptic neurons and also may inhibit the pro-apoptotic factors in glutamate overflow that occurs, e.g. in excitotoxicity. In ...
Dinwiddie Lesley C - - 2013
This article describes cannulation events, especially problems, common and rare, minor and major, to aid the nephrologist (and mid-level providers e.g. nurse practitioner and physician's assistant) in decision-making to prevent or treat cannulation-related adverse outcomes. The usual management, potential outcomes, nephrologist intervention, and prevention are discussed and include: assessment of ...
Sullivan Nancy - - 2013
Complications from hospital-acquired pressure ulcers cause 60 000 deaths and significant morbidity annually in the United States. The objective of this systematic review is to review evidence regarding multicomponent strategies for preventing pressure ulcers and to examine the importance of contextual aspects of programs that aim to reduce facility-acquired pressure ulcers. ...
Nakanishi Ryo - - 2013
We report a high yield synthesis of single-wall boron nitride nanotubes (SWBNNTs) inside single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), a nano-templated reaction, using ammonia borane complexes (ABC) as a precursor. Transmission electron microscope (TEM), high angle annular dark field (HAADF)-scanning TEM (STEM), electron energy loss spectra (EELS) and high resolution EELS mapping ...
Kuźma-Kozakiewicz Magdalena - - 2013
Dysfunction of fast axonal transport, vital for motor neurons, may lead to neurodegeneration. Anterograde transport is mediated by N-kinesins (KIFs), while retrograde transport by dynein 1 and, to a minor extent, by C-kinesins. In our earlier studies we observed changes in expression of N- and C-kinesins (KIF5A, 5C, C2) in ...
Henson Zachary B - - 2013
We report the design, synthesis, optical and electronic properties of two novel narrow band gap conjugated polyelectrolytes (NBGCPEs) based on a poly[2,6-(4,4-bis-alkyl-4H-cyclopenta-[2,1-b;3,4-b']-dithiophene)-alt-4,7-(2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)] donor-acceptor backbone. Compar-ison to the properties of the neutral precursor material, shows that the ionic component in these cationic NBGCPEs leads to a red shift in the absorption ...
Schatell Dori - - 2013
Connecting patients to appropriate information-and to each other for social support-can help them self-manage chronic kidney disease (CKD) more effectively. For CKD patients, the Internet offers a wealth of resources to meet many educational needs. Understanding the types of Internet sources CKD patients use today can help renal professionals point ...
Hiniker Annie - - 2013
Cortical ependymomas are rare gliomas with classic ependymal features but are unusual in primarily involving the cerebral cortex. Here, we present a 19-yearold woman with new-onset seizures who was found to have a large, cortically based non-enhancing lesion with scalloping of the overlying calvarium. Abundant ependymal features were present including ...
Sugimoto K - - 2013
Fish pedicure has become a popular cosmetic procedure involving immersion of the feet in a tank with freshwater fish (Garra rufa) that nibble off dead skin. There are concerns about the potential transmission of pathogens, but no cases of infections after this procedure have been published so far. We present ...
Moriguchi Toru - - 2013
Decreases in brain docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have been associated with losses in brain function leading to an interest in the conditions which lead to such brain decreases, and such variables as age. Also of relevance would be the rate of repletion of DHA when the n-3 dietary deficiency is reversed. ...
Poels Eline M P - - 2013
RATIONALE: A deficit in dopamine-1 (D1) receptor function in the prefrontal cortex is suggested to play a role in the cognitive dysfunction observed in patients with schizophrenia. However, the results from positron emission tomography imaging studies of D1 receptor levels in individuals with schizophrenia are mixed. OBJECTIVES: The aim of ...
Hansen Ase Marie - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were to investigate whether being subjected to bullying and witnessing bullying at the workplace was associated with concurrent sleep difficulties, whether frequently bullied/witnesses have more sleep difficulties than occasionally bullied/witnesses, and whether there were associations between being subjected to bullying or witnessing bullying ...
Winters Bradford D - - 2013
Rapid-response systems (RRSs) are a popular intervention in U.S. hospitals and are supported by accreditors and quality improvement organizations. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the effectiveness and implementation of these systems in acute care settings. A literature search was performed between 1 January 2000 through 30 October ...
Tallman Martin S - - 2013
The purpose of this prospective observational study was to determine the incidence of hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS), following gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) therapy in routine clinical practice. Patients receiving GO for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were eligible. Assessments were requested to be performed weekly for 6 weeks after the start of ...
Qian Chao-Nan - - 2013
The most common type of malignancy in the adult kidney is clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), for which antiangiogenic therapy with surgery is currently the standard treatment. Although overall survival of patients with metastatic ccRCC has been substantially extended by antiangiogenic therapy with agents such as sorafenib and sunitinib, ...
Hummel Richard - - 2013
PURPOSE: Poor arterial inflow during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) may necessitate arterial revascularisation using aorto-hepatic bypasses with supraceliac (SC) or infrarenal (IR) allografts. This study compared both techniques focusing on the patients' preoperative conditions, postoperative graft/organ function, complications and survival. METHODS: Fifteen out of 114 OLT patients underwent revascularisation (7 ...
Reiss Neele - - 2013
Background: Schema Therapy (ST), a psychotherapy model integrating cognitive, experiential and behavioural interventions, was initially developed and evaluated as an outpatient treatment for patients with severe and chronic disorders, among them Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Two randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of ST for BPD, delivered in an ...
Perelman Michael - - 2013
Objectives: Fentanyl pectin nasal spray (FPNS, Lazanda® in the US and PecFent® in Europe and Australia) is a novel analgesic approved for the management of breakthrough pain in cancer patients. Given that the fentanyl is nasally administered, it is important to understand whether concomitant allergic rhinitis, or its treatment with ...
Chingala Gregory - - 2013
To investigate the effect of feeding dairy cows diets containing lucerne hay, centrosema hay, and groundnut haulms (crop residue) on dry matter intake (DMI), milk yield, and milk composition, nine multiparous Friesian-Holstein cows in their mid-lactation stage were used in a 3 × 3 crossover design replicated three times. Dairy cows fed ...
Strużyński Witold - - 2013
Silver nanoparticles, chemically neutral particles in the size range of 1-100 nm, express strong antimicrobial activity and therefore have a broad range of applications. The increased use of consumer products with nanosilver (nanoAg) may result in its release into the environment, and may particularly affect aquatic systems. The mechanisms of ...
Yvinec Romain - - 2013
This paper considers adiabatic reduction in a model of stochastic gene expression with bursting transcription considered as a jump Markov process. In this model, the process of gene expression with auto-regulation is described by fast/slow dynamics. The production of mRNA is assumed to follow a compound Poisson process occurring at ...
Sun Di-Bing - - 2013
The cryptic species Middle East-Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1), formerly referred to as 'B biotype', of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci complex entered China in the mid 1990s, and the Mediterranean (MED) cryptic species, formerly referred to as 'Q biotype', of the same whitefly complex entered China around 2003. Field surveys in ...
Wei F L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate rapid palatal expansion (RPE)-induced metabolic changes in human dental pulp by measuring the expression and activity of aspartate aminotransferase (AST). METHODS: mRNA and protein levels of AST in human dental pulp were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively. Furthermore, the activity of ...
González-Campo Arántzazu - - 2013
Interfaces are a most important environment in natural and synthetic chemistries for a wide variety of processes, such as catalysis, recognition, separation, and so on. Naturally occurring systems have evolved to one handedness and the study of interfaces where biomolecules are located is a potentially revealing pursuit with regard to ...
Chan M - - 2013
Study design:A retrospective registry review.Objectives:To determine the incidence of cervical spine (CS) injuries and collar complications in severely injured paediatric trauma patients.Setting:Regional Trauma Centre, Children's Hospital.Methods:A retrospective review of 365 paediatric severe trauma patients (0-17 years), defined as an Injury Severity Score (ISS)12, admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit ...
Nishitani Yosuke - - 2013
The flavonoid luteolin is reported to exert anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated whether luteolin inhibits gut inflammation, using in vivo and in vitro inflammation models. In a dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis mouse model, luteolin (20 and 50 mg/kg) significantly ameliorated shortening of colon length and histological score. ...
Wright J L - - 2013
Background:Obesity is consistently linked with prostate cancer (PCa) recurrence and mortality, though the mechanism is unknown. Impaired glucose regulation, which is common among obese individuals, has been hypothesized as a potential mechanism for PCa tumor growth. In this study, we explore the relationship between serum glucose at time of treatment ...
Tepavcevic Darija Kisic - - 2013
In our study, we examined whether health-related quality of life (HRQoL) could predict changes in disability, depression, and fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) over a 3-year follow-up period. A group of 109 consecutive MS patients (McDonald's criteria) referring to the Institute of Neurology, Belgrade were enrolled in the ...
Husak J F - - 2013
Exaggerated male ornaments are predicted to be costly to their bearers, but these negative effects may be offset by the correlated evolution of compensatory traits. However, when locomotor systems, such as wings in flying species, evolve to decrease such costs, it remains unclear whether functional changes across related species are ...
De Yoreo James J - - 2013
Formation of biominerals commonly occurs within the context of an organic matrix composed of proteins, polysaccharides, and other macromolecules. Much has been learned about the structure of matrices and the spatial and molecular relationships between matrix and mineral. Only recently has quantitative study of matrix organization and subsequent mineralization been ...
Mace E S - - 2013
Nested association mapping (NAM) offers power to dissect complex, quantitative traits. This study made use of a recently developed sorghum backcross (BC)-NAM population to dissect the genetic architecture of flowering time in sorghum; to compare the QTL identified with other genomic regions identified in previous sorghum and maize flowering time ...
Jha Vivekanand - - 2013
Community-acquired acute kidney injury (AKI) in developing tropical countries is markedly different from AKI in developed countries with a temperate climate, which exemplifies the influence that environment can have on the epidemiology of human diseases. The aetiology and presentation of AKI reflect the ethnicity, socioeconomic factors, climatic and ecological characteristics ...
Gatineau David - - 2013
Investigation of the mechanism of the NHC-initiated hydrosilylation of styryl alcohols in the presence of a dihydrosilane suggests a general base catalysis mechanism and not the activation of the dihydrosilane by the NHC.
Ma Shang-Min - - 2013
Abstract This study examines factors that lead to winning matches in men's singles Grand Slam tennis, and proposes guidelines for coaches and professional tennis players both in training and preparation for Grand Slam competitions. Using longitudinal data between 1991 and 2008 retrieved from the official website of the Association of ...
Saglam Aylin - - 2013
PURPOSE: The present study was designed to examine apoptotic cell death via the caspase-dependent pathway in human fetal membranes. METHODS: Amniotic membrane samples were collected from three groups of women: group 1, women with preterm premature rupture of fetal membranes (PPROM) after cesarean delivery (n = 10), group 2, women with preterm ...
Chen Yongjie - - 2013
The emission enhancement behavior and photocleavage activity of a ruthenium(ii) arene complex, [(η6-p-cymene)Ru(dppn)(py)]2+ () (dppn = 4,5,9,16-tetraaza-dibenzo[a,c]naphthacene, py = pyridine), towards DNA were compared with [(η6-p-cymene)Ru(bpy)(py)]2+ (), [Ru(bpy)2(dppz)]2+ () and [Ru(bpy)2(dppn)]2+ () (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, dppz = dipyrido-[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine). It was found that emits fluorescence from the dppn-based ligand-centered (LC) singlet ...
Asongu Simplice A - - 2013
This article examines three relevant hypotheses on the effect of health worker migration on human development and economic prosperity (at the macro- and micro-levels) in Africa. Owing to the lack of relevant data on health human resource (HHR) migration for the continent, the subject matter has remained empirically void over ...
Khadilkar A V - - 2013
Background:Indian children and adolescents have higher body fat percentage at a given body mass index than their Western counterparts.Objective:To create gender-specific percentile curves for total body fat percentage (TBFP), total body fat mass (TBFM), fat mass index (FMI) and android:gynoid (A:G) ratio for screening adiposity in healthy Indian children.Methods:Data on ...
Jain Rohit - - 2013
The skin is under constant assault by environmental factors and microbes. Innate immune cells in epidermis and dermis regulate immune responses against pathogens while maintaining tolerance against commensal bacteria and autoantigens. The introduction of intravital imaging approaches, in particular multiphoton microscopy, has enabled studying the cellular and molecular regulation of ...
Kazamel Mohamed - - 2013
Our objective was to identify the main clinical and epidemiological features of ALS in a large cohort of African American (AA) patients and compare them to Caucasian (CA) patients in a clinic-based population. We retrospectively identified 207 patients who were diagnosed with ALS based on the revised El Escorial criteria ...
Ercolin Beatriz - - 2013
Oropharyngeal dysphagia and esophageal motility disorders were found to be the most important causes of aspiration pneumonia in patients with myotonic dystrophy. The purpose of this report was to evaluate clinical characteristics of the oral motor movements and swallowing of individuals with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) using a standardized ...
Karakas Mehmet Fatih - - 2013
Background. Ventricular dyssynchrony is an co-determinant of progression and exacerbation of heart failure (HF). The co-existence of ventricular dyssynchrony with hypertension (HT) and HF were shown, however there is no data regarding the effect of circadian rhythm of blood pressure (BP) on ventricular synchrony. Therefore, we aimed to study the ...
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