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Quintanilla-Martínez L - - 2013
The increasing use of immunohistochemical and molecular investigations of lymphatic tissues results in more frequent detection of early lymphoid proliferations. These show some but not all features of malignant lymphomas without fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for the diagnosis of lymphoid malignancy. In addition to well-known premalignant B-cell proliferations, such as ...
Chingala Gregory - - 2013
To investigate the effect of feeding dairy cows diets containing lucerne hay, centrosema hay, and groundnut haulms (crop residue) on dry matter intake (DMI), milk yield, and milk composition, nine multiparous Friesian-Holstein cows in their mid-lactation stage were used in a 3 × 3 crossover design replicated three times. Dairy cows fed ...
Strużyński Witold - - 2013
Silver nanoparticles, chemically neutral particles in the size range of 1-100 nm, express strong antimicrobial activity and therefore have a broad range of applications. The increased use of consumer products with nanosilver (nanoAg) may result in its release into the environment, and may particularly affect aquatic systems. The mechanisms of ...
Yvinec Romain - - 2013
This paper considers adiabatic reduction in a model of stochastic gene expression with bursting transcription considered as a jump Markov process. In this model, the process of gene expression with auto-regulation is described by fast/slow dynamics. The production of mRNA is assumed to follow a compound Poisson process occurring at ...
Sun Di-Bing - - 2013
The cryptic species Middle East-Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1), formerly referred to as 'B biotype', of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci complex entered China in the mid 1990s, and the Mediterranean (MED) cryptic species, formerly referred to as 'Q biotype', of the same whitefly complex entered China around 2003. Field surveys in ...
Wei F L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate rapid palatal expansion (RPE)-induced metabolic changes in human dental pulp by measuring the expression and activity of aspartate aminotransferase (AST). METHODS: mRNA and protein levels of AST in human dental pulp were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively. Furthermore, the activity of ...
González-Campo Arántzazu - - 2013
Interfaces are a most important environment in natural and synthetic chemistries for a wide variety of processes, such as catalysis, recognition, separation, and so on. Naturally occurring systems have evolved to one handedness and the study of interfaces where biomolecules are located is a potentially revealing pursuit with regard to ...
Chan M - - 2013
Study design:A retrospective registry review.Objectives:To determine the incidence of cervical spine (CS) injuries and collar complications in severely injured paediatric trauma patients.Setting:Regional Trauma Centre, Children's Hospital.Methods:A retrospective review of 365 paediatric severe trauma patients (0-17 years), defined as an Injury Severity Score (ISS)12, admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit ...
Portnow Leah H LH Department of Neurology, Center for Movement Disorders & Neurorestoration, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, - - 2013
To review the discoveries underpinning the introduction of cerebral PET scanning and highlight its modern applications. Important discoveries in neurophysiology, brain metabolism, and radiotracer development in the post-World War II period provided the necessary infrastructure for the first cerebral PET scan. A complete review of the literature was undertaken to ...
Hashimoto Jun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We contrived a scatter correction method based on an artificial neural network (ANN) and applied it to the simultaneous evaluation of myocardial perfusion and fatty acid metabolism in single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). METHODS: The count data of three energy windows were used as inputs of the ANN. The ...
de Juan David - - 2013
Co-evolution is a fundamental component of the theory of evolution and is essential for understanding the relationships between species in complex ecological networks. A wide range of co-evolution-inspired computational methods has been designed to predict molecular interactions, but it is only recently that important advances have been made. Breakthroughs in ...
Green Dido - - 2013
AIM: This study investigated the effects of a theme-based ('magic') variation of the hand-arm bimanual intensive therapy programme, in two different countries, in improving activity performance for children with hemiplegia, including those with severe movement restrictions. METHOD: Twenty-three children with spastic hemiplegia (13 males, 10 females; mean age 10y 7mo, ...
Pinto Marina P E - - 2013
<p id="para1"> Saguinus niger popularly known as Sauim, is a Brazilian North primate. Sympathetic chain investigation would support traumatic and/or cancer diagnosis which are little described in wild animals. The aim of this study was to describe the morphology and distribution of sympathetic chain in order to supply knowledge for ...
Keating C L - - 2013
Objective:To determine whether pharmaceutical utilisation and costs change after bariatric surgery.Subjects:Total population of Australians receiving Medicare-subsidised laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in 2007 (n=9542).Design:Computerised data linkage with Medicare, Australia's universal tax-funded health insurance scheme. Pharmaceuticals relating to obesity-related disease and postsurgical management were assigned to therapeutic categories and analysed. The ...
Okuda Yasuaki - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Anti-cytokine therapy is reportedly useful in amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis complicating rheumatic diseases. However, to date no studies have directly compared the utility of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibition to that of interleukin-6. The aim of our retrospective study was to compare the clinical utility of tocilizumab (TCZ) and ...
Martin Lorri D - - 2013
Gene organization in nonmalignant B cells from t(4;14) and t(11;14) multiple myeloma (MM) patients differs from that of healthy donors. Among recurrent IGH translocations in MM, the frequency of t(4;14) (IGH and FGFR3) or t(11;14) (IGH and CCND1) is greater than the frequency of t(14;16) (IGH and MAF). Gene organization ...
Poels Eline M P - - 2013
RATIONALE: A deficit in dopamine-1 (D1) receptor function in the prefrontal cortex is suggested to play a role in the cognitive dysfunction observed in patients with schizophrenia. However, the results from positron emission tomography imaging studies of D1 receptor levels in individuals with schizophrenia are mixed. OBJECTIVES: The aim of ...
Hansen Ase Marie - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were to investigate whether being subjected to bullying and witnessing bullying at the workplace was associated with concurrent sleep difficulties, whether frequently bullied/witnesses have more sleep difficulties than occasionally bullied/witnesses, and whether there were associations between being subjected to bullying or witnessing bullying ...
Rodan Lance H - - 2013
The patient is a 7-year-old girl with a history of repaired gastroschisis and short gut syndrome. She presented with a 4-day history of progressive encephalopathy, truncal ataxia, and omnidirectional gaze-evoked nystagmus. Peripheral lactate was 7.1 mmol/L. Serum thiamine level was decreased (<5 nmol/L). Brain magnetic resonance with spectroscopy is shown ...
Ye Xing L - - 2013
Bone mass and inflammation are implicated in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. We hypothesized that leptin and leptin receptor gene might be associated with osteoporosis by activating the inflammatory pathway. Therefore, we analyzed polymorphisms of the leptin (gene symbol, LEP) and leptin receptor (gene symbol, LEPR) genes and determined their associations ...
Kelleher Maeve M MM Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University College Cork, Cork, - - 2013
Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) is a simple noninvasive measurement of inside-out skin barrier function. The goal of this research was to establish normal values for TEWL in early life using data gathered from the Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study. TEWL was recorded in a standardized fashion using a well-validated open-chamber ...
Zhao Jingjing - - 2013
What is the best account to explain the object-based attentional benefit-that is, the spread of attention within an attended object or prioritization of search across possible target locations within an attended object? Using a task in which the location of the target was known with certainty, in the present study ...
Saglam Aylin - - 2013
PURPOSE: The present study was designed to examine apoptotic cell death via the caspase-dependent pathway in human fetal membranes. METHODS: Amniotic membrane samples were collected from three groups of women: group 1, women with preterm premature rupture of fetal membranes (PPROM) after cesarean delivery (n = 10), group 2, women with preterm ...
Chen Yongjie - - 2013
The emission enhancement behavior and photocleavage activity of a ruthenium(ii) arene complex, [(η6-p-cymene)Ru(dppn)(py)]2+ () (dppn = 4,5,9,16-tetraaza-dibenzo[a,c]naphthacene, py = pyridine), towards DNA were compared with [(η6-p-cymene)Ru(bpy)(py)]2+ (), [Ru(bpy)2(dppz)]2+ () and [Ru(bpy)2(dppn)]2+ () (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, dppz = dipyrido-[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine). It was found that emits fluorescence from the dppn-based ligand-centered (LC) singlet ...
Asongu Simplice A - - 2013
This article examines three relevant hypotheses on the effect of health worker migration on human development and economic prosperity (at the macro- and micro-levels) in Africa. Owing to the lack of relevant data on health human resource (HHR) migration for the continent, the subject matter has remained empirically void over ...
Khadilkar A V AV Hirabai Cowasji Jehangir Medical Research Institute, Jehangir Hospital, Pune, India. - - 2013
Indian children and adolescents have higher body fat percentage at a given body mass index than their Western counterparts. To create gender-specific percentile curves for total body fat percentage (TBFP), total body fat mass (TBFM), fat mass index (FMI) and android:gynoid (A:G) ratio for screening adiposity in healthy Indian children. ...
Jain Rohit - - 2013
The skin is under constant assault by environmental factors and microbes. Innate immune cells in epidermis and dermis regulate immune responses against pathogens while maintaining tolerance against commensal bacteria and autoantigens. The introduction of intravital imaging approaches, in particular multiphoton microscopy, has enabled studying the cellular and molecular regulation of ...
Kazamel Mohamed M Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, and Birmingham VA Medical Center, Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2013
Our objective was to identify the main clinical and epidemiological features of ALS in a large cohort of African American (AA) patients and compare them to Caucasian (CA) patients in a clinic-based population. We retrospectively identified 207 patients who were diagnosed with ALS based on the revised El Escorial criteria ...
Ercolin Beatriz - - 2013
Oropharyngeal dysphagia and esophageal motility disorders were found to be the most important causes of aspiration pneumonia in patients with myotonic dystrophy. The purpose of this report was to evaluate clinical characteristics of the oral motor movements and swallowing of individuals with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) using a standardized ...
Karakas Mehmet Fatih - - 2013
Background. Ventricular dyssynchrony is an co-determinant of progression and exacerbation of heart failure (HF). The co-existence of ventricular dyssynchrony with hypertension (HT) and HF were shown, however there is no data regarding the effect of circadian rhythm of blood pressure (BP) on ventricular synchrony. Therefore, we aimed to study the ...
Egas Martijn - - 2013
Why humans are prone to cooperate puzzles biologists, psychologists and economists alike. Between-group conflict has been hypothesized to drive within-group cooperation. However, such conflicts did not have lasting effects in laboratory experiments, because they were about luxury goods, not needed for survival ("looting"). Here, we find within-group cooperation to last ...
Monnerat João Paulo Ismério Dos Santos - - 2013
This study was carried out aiming to evaluate the effects of yeast or monensin supplementation on dry matter intake, nutrients digestibility, ruminal volatile fatty acids profile, ruminal pH and ammonia concentration, microbial protein synthesis, and the balance of nitrogen compounds of cattle fed high concentrate diet (80 % dry matter (DM) ...
Harrup L E - - 2013
Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are the biological vectors of internationally important arboviruses of livestock including bluetongue virus (BTV). Information on the habitats used by Culicoides for larval development is valuable for establishing targeted vector control strategies and for improving local scale models of vector abundance. This study combines emergence ...
Painemal Paula - - 2013
Excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, a condition known as fibrosis, is a hallmark of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Among the factors that trigger muscle fibrosis are transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) and angiotensin II (Ang-II). Ang-II belongs to the renin-angiotensin system, and its biological effects are exerted by Ang-II ...
Felcht Moritz - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Direct wound closure, flaps or grafts are considered to be gold standards for the reconstruction of defects. However, these techniques may not be applicable in all cases, especially for the challenging closure of large defects. OBJECTIVE: We developed a technique to close large defects, of varying size and shape, ...
Wu A C - - 2013
Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) belongs to the CC chemokine superfamily and plays a critical role in the recruitment and activation of leukocytes during acute inflammation. We hypothesize that MCP-1 is also an important chemokine that regulates the recruitment and activation of bone cells required for skeletal repair and remodeling. We ...
Kaleem Muhammad - - 2013
Automated classification of normal and pathological speech signals can provide an objective and accurate mechanism for pathological speech diagnosis, and is an active area of research. A large part of this research is based on analysis of acoustic measures extracted from sustained vowels. However, sustained vowels do not reflect real-world ...
Morgan Rebecca L - - 2013
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the United States, this form of cancer occurs in approximately 15 000 persons annually. A systematic review of the evidence is needed to assess the benefits of treatment of HCV-infected persons on development of HCC. To systematically review ...
Su Tzu-Cheng - - 2013
Primitive myxoid mesenchymal tumor of infancy is an extremely rare and recently recognized soft tissue tumor entity with a tendency for multiple recurrences. Only ten cases have been described in the literature and most cases are reported in Western countries. This tumor ranges in size from 2 to 15 cm and ...
Jiang Lei - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Metastases and benign conditions of spine are common, however, the diagnoses of imaging modalities in the nature of spinal lesions are difficult, especially for the solitary lesions in spine. This study aims to retrospectively evaluate the diagnostic value of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/spiral computed tomography (CT) in ...
Husstedt I W - - 2013
This study aimed at determining the clinical features and predictors for the outcome of patients with Neuro-Aids treated on a neurological intensive care unit (NICU) using retrospective analysis of all patients treated for Neuro-Aids in a tertiary Department of Neurology between 1996 and 2011. Chart review of the patients including ...
Kalantarian Shadi S Cardiac Arrhythmia Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, GRB 109, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been linked with an increased risk for cognitive impairment and dementia. To complete a meta-analysis of studies examining the association between AF and cognitive impairment. Search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and EMBASE databases and hand search of article references. Prospective and nonprospective studies reporting ...
Glasper Erica R ER Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, - - 2013
Aging is associated with compromised hippocampal function and reduced adult neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus. As new neurons have been linked to hippocampal functions, such as cognition, age-related decline in new neuron formation may contribute to impaired hippocampal function. We investigated whether a rewarding experience known to stimulate neurogenesis in ...
Moreno-Pérez Darwin A - - 2013
Reticulocytes represent the main invasion target for Plasmodium vivax, the second most prevalent parasite species around the world causing malaria in humans. In spite of these cells importance in research into malaria, biological knowledge related to the nature of the host has been limited, given the technical difficulties present in ...
Peyrin-Biroulet Laurent - - 2013
Therapy for Crohn's disease has long been based on a step-up approach, with monoclonal antibodies against TNF as a final option before surgery. Despite the introduction of these monoclonal antibodies, no major changes have occurred in the natural history of Crohn's disease, with half of all patients still requiring intestinal ...
Liu Ying - - 2013
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a stem cell source that can be easily obtained from bone marrow. Despite the increasing importance of the pig as a large animal model, little is known about foetal porcine mesenchymal stem cells (pMSCs). In this study, we observed the gene expression of pluripotent markers ...
Burton N J - - 2013
Objectives: To describe a novel canine castless partial carpal arthrodesis plate (par-CA) and its ex vivo biomechanical comparison with T-plate and cross pinning techniques for canine partial carpal arthrodesis. Methods: The three implant systems were applied to three cohorts of six forelimbs from Greyhounds euthanatized for reasons unrelated to the ...
Bertz Steven H - - 2013
Rapid injection of pyruvonitrile or benzoyl cyanide into solutions of Me2CuLi in THF-d8 at -100 °C gave complexes that were stable at this temperature. 1D NMR with multiply labelled substrates (13C/15N) and 2D NMR (1H/13C) identified them as the first cuprate-carbonyl π-complexes.
Coelho Cesar Augusto de Oliveira - - 2013
In contextual fear conditioning (CFC), hippocampus is thought to process environmental stimuli into a configural representation of the context and send it to amygdala nuclei, which current evidences point to be the site of CS-US association and fear memory storage. If it's true, hippocampus should influence learning-induced plasticity in the ...
Tanji Takahiro - - 2013
Caenorhabditis elegans HAF-4 and HAF-9 are half ABC transporters that are highly homologous to the human lysosomal peptide transporter TAPL (TAP-like; ABCB9). Previously, we reported that both HAF-4 and HAF-9 localize to the membrane of a subset of intestinal organelles, and are required for the formation of these organelles and ...
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