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Brandão Heleno - - 2013
<p id="para1">The occurrence of the cymothoidae Braga cigarra is reported parasitizing the oral cavity of freshwater fish Galeocharax knerii from Veados, Paranapanema and Taquari Rivers, affluent of the Jurumirim Reservoir, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil is reported. The isopod species were identified based on the multilaminar pleopods, narrow pleon and ...
Ayotte Brian J - - 2013
ABSTRACT Social support and functional ability are related to a number of outcomes in later life among African Americans, including cognitive performance. This study examined how providing and receiving social support was related to fluid and crystallized cognitive abilities among aging African American adults after accounting for functional limitations, age, ...
Stampfuss Jan - - 2013
Objective: Doses of 10 mg, 15 mg, and 20 mg of rivaroxaban are approved for the treatment and prevention of thromboembolic disorders in adult patients. In six Phase I studies, the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg, and 20 mg rivaroxaban were investigated ...
Chien Tsu-Ming - - 2013
Congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries are present in 0.2-1.4% of the general population. These anomalies represent one of the most confusing issues in the field of cardiology and challenges for interventional cardiologists and cardiac surgeons if the anomalies are unrecognised. Double right coronary artery is one of the rarest ...
Scala L Matthew - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article was to present the Beth Israel Medical Center experience using high-dose-rate intraoperative radiotherapy (HDR-IORT) in the management of recurrent head and neck cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all patients with locally or regionally recurrent head and neck cancer who underwent HDR-IORT ...
Morgan Rebecca L - - 2013
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the United States, this form of cancer occurs in approximately 15 000 persons annually. A systematic review of the evidence is needed to assess the benefits of treatment of HCV-infected persons on development of HCC. To systematically review ...
Su Tzu-Cheng - - 2013
Primitive myxoid mesenchymal tumor of infancy is an extremely rare and recently recognized soft tissue tumor entity with a tendency for multiple recurrences. Only ten cases have been described in the literature and most cases are reported in Western countries. This tumor ranges in size from 2 to 15 cm and ...
Jiang Lei - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Metastases and benign conditions of spine are common, however, the diagnoses of imaging modalities in the nature of spinal lesions are difficult, especially for the solitary lesions in spine. This study aims to retrospectively evaluate the diagnostic value of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/spiral computed tomography (CT) in ...
Husstedt I W - - 2013
This study aimed at determining the clinical features and predictors for the outcome of patients with Neuro-Aids treated on a neurological intensive care unit (NICU) using retrospective analysis of all patients treated for Neuro-Aids in a tertiary Department of Neurology between 1996 and 2011. Chart review of the patients including ...
Zhai Halei - - 2013
Most spiral coiled biomaterials in nature, such as gastropod shells, are homochiral, and the favoured chiral feature can be precisely inherited. This inspired us that selected material structures, including chirality, could be specifically replicated into the self-similar populations; however, a physicochemical understanding of the material-based heritage is unknown. We study ...
Hua Cheng - - 2013
KEY MESSAGE : Our results showed that GbIRL1 belongs to the PCBER protein family. Besides, IRL1 gene was a novel gene regulating lignin change and also effecting the accumulation of flavonoids in Ginkgo. A cDNA encoding the IFR-like protein was isolated from the leaves of Ginkgo biloba L., designated as ...
Pedicini P - - 2013
PURPOSE: To estimate the impact of PTEN expression in terms of effective doubling time (T d) and dose per fraction which compensates the accelerated proliferation during the radiotherapy (D prolif) when the overall treatment time (OTT) is reduced in accelerated radiotherapy of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). MATERIALS ...
Winder T - - 2013
Compelling evidence points to a key role for insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) signaling in breast cancer development and progression. In addition, IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) expression has been correlated and functionally linked with estrogen receptor (ER) signaling. Recent translational studies support a cross talk between IGF1R and ERα at different ...
El Hassan Eelaf - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Leaks occur in 1.4-20 % (Bohdjalian et al., Obes. Surg. 20:535-540, 2010; Nocca et al., Obes Surg. 18:560-565, 2008; Stroh et al., 19:632-640, 2009; Aurora et al., Surg. Endosc. 26:1509-1515, 2012) of patients following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Leaks may lead to major morbidity and prolonged hospitalization. Endoscopic stent placement ...
Sun-Wada Ge-Hong - - 2013
Vacuolar H+-translocating ATPase (V-ATPase) is a universal proton pump, and its activity is required for a variety of cell biological processes, such as membrane trafficking, receptor-mediated endocytosis, lysosomal degradation of macromolecules, osteoclastic bone resorption, and the maintenance of acid-base homeostasis by renal intercalated cells. V-ATPase is targeted to various membranes ...
Hashimoto Jun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We contrived a scatter correction method based on an artificial neural network (ANN) and applied it to the simultaneous evaluation of myocardial perfusion and fatty acid metabolism in single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). METHODS: The count data of three energy windows were used as inputs of the ANN. The ...
de Juan David - - 2013
Co-evolution is a fundamental component of the theory of evolution and is essential for understanding the relationships between species in complex ecological networks. A wide range of co-evolution-inspired computational methods has been designed to predict molecular interactions, but it is only recently that important advances have been made. Breakthroughs in ...
Green Dido - - 2013
AIM: This study investigated the effects of a theme-based ('magic') variation of the hand-arm bimanual intensive therapy programme, in two different countries, in improving activity performance for children with hemiplegia, including those with severe movement restrictions. METHOD: Twenty-three children with spastic hemiplegia (13 males, 10 females; mean age 10y 7mo, ...
Pinto Marina P E - - 2013
<p id="para1"> Saguinus niger popularly known as Sauim, is a Brazilian North primate. Sympathetic chain investigation would support traumatic and/or cancer diagnosis which are little described in wild animals. The aim of this study was to describe the morphology and distribution of sympathetic chain in order to supply knowledge for ...
Keating C L - - 2013
Objective:To determine whether pharmaceutical utilisation and costs change after bariatric surgery.Subjects:Total population of Australians receiving Medicare-subsidised laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in 2007 (n=9542).Design:Computerised data linkage with Medicare, Australia's universal tax-funded health insurance scheme. Pharmaceuticals relating to obesity-related disease and postsurgical management were assigned to therapeutic categories and analysed. The ...
Okuda Yasuaki - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Anti-cytokine therapy is reportedly useful in amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis complicating rheumatic diseases. However, to date no studies have directly compared the utility of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibition to that of interleukin-6. The aim of our retrospective study was to compare the clinical utility of tocilizumab (TCZ) and ...
Martin Lorri D - - 2013
Gene organization in nonmalignant B cells from t(4;14) and t(11;14) multiple myeloma (MM) patients differs from that of healthy donors. Among recurrent IGH translocations in MM, the frequency of t(4;14) (IGH and FGFR3) or t(11;14) (IGH and CCND1) is greater than the frequency of t(14;16) (IGH and MAF). Gene organization ...
Maria Tatiana F - - 2013
<p id="para1">We investigated if the differences in density and nematode communities of intertidal sediments from two Brazilian sheltered sandy beaches were related to environmental characteristics. The upper tide level (UTL) and the low tide level (LTL) of both beaches were surveyed in January (austral summer) and June 2001 (austral winter) ...
Alves Jose C G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Anorectal malformations are often associated with rectal pouch fistulas. Surgical correction requires accurate evaluation of the presence and position of such fistulas. Fluoroscopy is currently the chosen modality for the detection of fistulas. The role of MRI is unexplored. OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of MR versus fluoroscopic ...
Malhotra Yogangi - - 2013
Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) associated with Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon is a life-threatening vasculopathy. The current mainstay treatment for KHEs is corticosteroids and chemotherapy, but these medications do not work for all patients and carry significant side effects. We report a neonate with a large congenital KHE who responded extremely well to low-dose ...
Bozorgmanesh Mohammadreza - - 2013
To determine the extent to which burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes among diabetic population is attributable to hypertension. Nine-year follow-up data were secured for 7068 participants aged ≥ 20 years old, free from CVD at baseline. Cox proportional hazards regression was implemented to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) of hypertension. ...
Li Yi-Hsing - - 2013
Theory of mind (ToM) is a crucial aspect of social cognition and is mediated by a complex neural network. Studies on temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) suggest that its neuropathological involvement includes several brain regions. Some regions seem to overlap the neural network responsible for ToM, and this overlap provides an ...
Veale David - - 2013
Background: There has been little evaluation or development of nurse observation charts on psychiatric in-patient units since they were first introduced. Aim: We aimed to develop a new nursing chart that adds a functional and contextual assessment of the observed behaviour. We describe its initial evaluation in an in-patient setting. ...
López-Lorente A I - - 2013
The main aim of this work is to develop a one-step method for the characterization of mixtures of single- and multi-walled carbon nanotubes using a simple and inexpensive tool, a portable Raman spectrometer. In order to overcome the problem of heat dissipation in solid samples, the suitability of three surfactants-SDS, ...
Apseloff Glen - - 2013
Background/Objective: Bupivacaine liposome injectable suspension is a novel, prolonged-release formulation of bupivacaine. The time to onset of analgesia following an injection of liposome bupivacaine compared with placebo (normal saline) was investigated using a novel incisional pain model. Bupivacaine HCl was used as a positive control, compared with placebo to verify ...
Wang A Y - - 2013
Background: Treatment for metastatic cutaneous head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is usually multimodal and associated with morbidity. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of treatment on patients' quality of life. Method: Cross-sectional survey of 42 patients (35 men, 7 women) at least 6 months after metastatic cutaneous head ...
Tian Yu - - 2013
The study of the mechanism of the controlled adhesion of geckos, which is important for the design and fabrication of bio-inspired dry and reversible adhesive surfaces, is widely discussed below the setal level. In this work, the role of the soft lamellar skin in gecko toe adhesion was experimentally revealed. ...
Wiza C - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The proline-rich Akt substrate of 40 kDa (PRAS40) is a component of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) and among the most prominent Akt substrates in skeletal muscle. Yet the cellular functions of PRAS40 are incompletely defined. This study assessed the function of PRAS40 in insulin action in ...
Russo Paul - - 2013
In the past decade, the medical and oncological rationale for kidney-sparing surgical approaches for small renal masses has been clarified. Although radical nephrectomy is still necessary for many patients diagnosed with large renal tumours, accumulating evidence indicates that partial nephrectomy provides equivalent oncological outcomes while also preserving renal function and ...
Ogawa Ryuichi - - 2013
Background: Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic used for the treatment of MRSA infection. An initial loading dose of 400 mg every 12 hours for three doses is the standard dosing regimen. This study aimed to assess whether this regimen was appropriate based on the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) analyses in Japanese patients. ...
Strickland Nicole - - 2013
Ethnomedical practices are increasing in all parts of the world, including many urban centers. We describe a unique case of a 7-year-old girl with atopic dermatitis who was responsive to parent-initiated treatment with the extract of a plant from the Chenopodium genus. A brief discussion raises awareness of such practices ...
Matsumoto Naoya - - 2013
The endotoxin activity assay (EAA) is a FDA-approved blood endotoxin assay that is reported as a useful tool for the diagnosis of gram-negative bacterial infection. However, discrepancies between the results of the EAA and those of the limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) assay have been reported. Thus, we verified these methods. ...
Viereckel Thomas - - 2013
The precise temporal and spatial activity patterns of neurons in cortical networks are organized by different state-dependent types of network oscillations. GABAergic inhibition plays a key role in the underlying mechanisms of such oscillations and it has been suggested that the duration of widely distributed phasic inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) ...
Fröhlich Camilla - - 2013
ADAM12 is a metalloprotease implicated in cancer progression. ADAM12 can activate membrane-anchored proteins, such as sonic hedgehog, Delta-like 1, and certain epidermal growth factor receptor ligands, through a process called ectodomain shedding. We screened several membrane-anchored proteins to further dissect the substrate profile of ADAM12-mediated ectodomain shedding, and found shedding ...
Zhang Yuanyan Y - - 2013
Quercus acutissima is native to eastern Asia. It has a wide distribution in China and China is an important component in understanding the ecology and genetic structure of this species. Q. acutissima attained high economic value for hardwood product and can be managed as an energy tree species. To investigate ...
Mahon Eugene - - 2013
Multivalent biorecognition of lectin layers by glyconanoparticle sugar-clusters has been used to generate multilayer nanoplatform architectures in a QCM sensing setup.
Thankavel Poonam P - - 2013
Background: Myocardial injury in previously healthy children is rare, with a wide range of aetiologies. It is increasingly being identified on the basis of elevated troponin levels during routine evaluation of cardiorespiratory symptoms. Establishing the aetiology remains challenging because of the lack of an accepted work-up algorithm. Our objective was ...
Gander Thomas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Complex visual hallucinations in the presence of a clear mental state and in the absence of underlying neurological disorders have received increased recognition since Charles Bonnet reported visual hallucinations secondary to mature cataracts in 1760. The prevalence of Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) varies widely in the literature and might ...
Clement W A - - 2013
Objective: To determine the number of children undergoing tonsillectomy that could have this performed as a day surgery procedure. Methods: This paper reports a prospective cohort study, which entailed a comparison of children's eligibility for day-case surgery between 2001 and 2011 and an assessment of the Scottish Index of Multiple ...
Bertz Steven H - - 2013
Rapid injection of pyruvonitrile or benzoyl cyanide into solutions of Me2CuLi in THF-d8 at -100 °C gave complexes that were stable at this temperature. 1D NMR with multiply labelled substrates (13C/15N) and 2D NMR (1H/13C) identified them as the first cuprate-carbonyl π-complexes.
Coelho Cesar Augusto de Oliveira - - 2013
In contextual fear conditioning (CFC), hippocampus is thought to process environmental stimuli into a configural representation of the context and send it to amygdala nuclei, which current evidences point to be the site of CS-US association and fear memory storage. If it's true, hippocampus should influence learning-induced plasticity in the ...
Tanji Takahiro - - 2013
Caenorhabditis elegans HAF-4 and HAF-9 are half ABC transporters that are highly homologous to the human lysosomal peptide transporter TAPL (TAP-like; ABCB9). Previously, we reported that both HAF-4 and HAF-9 localize to the membrane of a subset of intestinal organelles, and are required for the formation of these organelles and ...
Hoffman Julien I E - - 2013
Severe cyanosis due to pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas occurs often after a bidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis (Glenn operation) and also in some congenital anomalies in which hepatic venous blood bypasses the lungs in the first passage. Relocation of hepatic flow into the lungs usually causes these fistulas to disappear. Similar pulmonary ...
Brandt-Wouters Evelyn - - 2013
An 11-month-old girl presented with episodic severe stridor from birth, often resulting in cyanosis. Her parents had noted recurrent unilateral ptosis. Later she developed spasms of her hands during exercise. Psychomotor development was normal. Neurologic examination showed generalized hypertonia. Cerebral MRI excluded a Chiari malformation. Laryngoscopy under general anesthesia showed ...
Kawata Hiro - - 2013
Background: Recent studies have suggested better outcomes from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in women. Gender differences in coronary sinus (CS) anatomy and left ventricular (LV) lead parameters in patients undergoing CRT, however, have not been well studied. Methods and Results: Two hundred and twenty-three consecutive patients, undergoing CRT at the University of ...
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