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Wu Yingjie Y David B. Kriser Dental Center, Department of Basic Science and Craniofacial Biology, New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY, - - 2013
States of growth hormone (GH) resistance, such those observed in Laron dwarf patients, are characterized by mutations in the GH receptor (GHR), decreased serum and tissue IGF-1 levels, impaired glucose tolerance, and impaired skeletal acquisition. IGF-1 replacement therapy in such patients increases growth velocity but does not normalize growth. Herein ...
Ishii Shinya S Department of Geriatric Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2013
Higher levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), an inflammatory marker, are associated with increased fracture risk, although previous studies on CRP and bone mineral density (BMD) have yielded conflicting results. We aimed to test the hypotheses that composite indices of femoral neck strength relative to load, which are inversely associated with ...
Bauer Kathryn L - - 2013
Injuries to the medial side of the knee can occur in isolation or in conjunction with multiple other ligaments about the knee. In addition, medial knee injuries can involve isolated injury to the medial collateral ligament or include the posteromedial structures of the knee. Treatment strategies differ greatly depending on ...
McCarthy Moira M - - 2013
Patellofemoral pain is a frequent and often challenging clinical problem. It affects females more than males and includes many different pathologic entities that result in pain in the anterior aspect of the knee. Diagnosis of the specific cause of pain can be difficult and requires assessment of lower extremity strength, ...
Dande Amit S - - 2013
The diagnosis of stress cardiomyopathy is often made during coronary angiography. At this point hemodynamic parameters should be assessed; a right heart catheterization with measurement of cardiac output by Fick and thermodilution methods is helpful. Patients with acute neurologic pathology who develop left ventricular dysfunction (neurogenic stunned myocardium) may not ...
Ishida Koto - - 2013
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an enzyme involved in the metabolism of Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) to pro-inflammatory mediators. Lp-PLA2 is highly expressed in the necrotic core of atherosclerotic plaques and has been associated with atherosclerotic plaque instability. Multiple studies have shown an association between elevated Lp-PLA2 levels and risk of ...
Ulrich Martina - - 2013
The standard diagnostic procedure for basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is invasive tissue biopsy with time-consuming histological examination. To reduce the number of biopsies, noninvasive optical methods have been developed providing high-resolution skin examination. We present direct comparison of a reflectance confocal microscope (RLSM) and a multiphoton tomograph (MPT) for BCC ...
Mawad Raya R Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Ave N, D5-380, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, - - 2013
The incidence of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is expected to increase in conjunction with our ageing population. Although it is proving to be a heterogeneous disease process, the only treatment with proven survival benefit for poor risk AML remains allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant. Although this is presumed to be a ...
Zhao Pan P State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, Department of Chemical Biology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, P. R. - - 2013
Vanadium compounds are promising agents in the therapeutic treatment of diabetes; however, their mechanism of action has not been clearly elucidated. The current study investigated the effects of vanadium compounds, vanadyl acetylacetonate [V(IV)O(acac)2] and sodium metavanadate (NaV(V)O3), on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), especially PPARγ, which are important targets of anti-diabetic ...
Dow Jennifer M - - 2013
The Tat (twin-arginine translocation) system is a protein targeting pathway utilized by prokaryotes and chloroplasts. Tat substrates are produced with distinctive N-terminal signal peptides and are translocated as fully folded proteins. In Escherichia coli, Tat-dependent proteins often contain redox cofactors that must be loaded before translocation. Trimethylamine N-oxide reductase (TorA) ...
Soekhlal R R - - 2013
This study aimed to calculate the treatment costs of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the Netherlands for 2012. Also, the degree of association between treatment costs of AMI and some patient and hospital characteristics was examined. For this retrospective cost analysis, patients were drawn from the database of the Diagnosis ...
Mitsuyasu Ronald - - 2013
Interest in finding a potential 'cure' for HIV has taken on greater interest and urgency since the report of an individual who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplant from a CCR5 delta 32 homozygote donor after high-dose chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia. The potential role of cancer chemotherapy and other cancer-directed ...
Lion Julien - - 2013
The MHC-related 1 (MR1) protein is a monomorphic, evolutionarily conserved MHC class I-like molecule, which is necessary for the development and functions of mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, a new subset of innate-like lymphocytes. Multiple isoforms of the MR1 gene are naturally transcribed, but only the full-length MR1A has been ...
King Terris - - 2013
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services has implemented 3 prevention interventions programs to bring diabetes self-management education to vulnerable populations via Medicare's Quality Improvement Organizations. The programs and the lessons derived from a Federal initiative geared to closing the health disparities gap are described.
Every Alicia E - - 2013
8-oxoguanine is a major lesion of genomic DNA that results from oxidation of guanine by reactive oxygen species. The repair of this lesion is initiated by 8-oxoguanine glycosylases, which excise the damaged base by "flipping" it outside the DNA double helix. The molecular mechanisms involved in the specific recognition of ...
Zuily Stéphane - - 2013
Heart valve disease (HVD) is the most frequent cardiac manifestation in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), with prevalence of 30 %. The definition is based on the presence of thickening or vegetation of the valves (mainly mitral and aortic) as described by Libman and Sacks for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus ...
Pappas Sharon H - - 2013
This era of health care reform calls for the ability of hospitals to provide quality patient care while managing costs. Nursing practice is a key determinant of patient care quality and associated costs, or simply put, creating value. The value of nursing has been addressed by multiple qualified authors, yet ...
Helduser Janet W - - 2013
This study examines factors associated with completion (attendance ≥4 of 6 sessions) of the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) by adults with type 2 diabetes. Patients with glycated hemoglobin ≥ 7.5 within 6 months were enrolled and completed self-report measures on demographics, health status, and self-care (n = 146). Significant ...
Carrington Jane M - - 2013
Nurses' role in patient care has evolved and so has their role in the use of technology to improve health care delivery. Nursing informatics research seeks to study the science of nursing, computer technology, and information science to enhance the quality of nursing practice. In an effort to increase patient ...
Bennett Karen - - 2013
Bullying is one of the most concerning forms of aggression in health care organizations. Conceptualized as an emotion-based response, bullying is often triggered by today's workplace challenges. Unfortunately, workplace bullying is an escalating problem in nursing. Bullying contributes to unhealthy and toxic environments, which in turn contribute to ineffective patient ...
Stark Zornitza - - 2013
Chromosome microarray (CMA) analysis enables genome interrogation at a much higher resolution than is possible with conventional karyotyping. CMA is considered 'standard of care' for postnatal genetic testing, yet its introduction into the prenatal setting has been delayed, in part because of ethical concerns about possible psychosocial harm and deficits ...
Caspers Barbara A - - 2013
With the health care environment shifting to a value-based payment system, Catholic Health Initiatives nursing leadership spearheaded an initiative with 14 hospitals to establish best nursing care at a lower cost. The implementation of technology-enabled business processes at point of care led to a new model for best value nursing ...
Fang Zhili - - 2013
The chiral discrimination studies of biological system are theoretically and practically significant for the development of chiral drugs and life science. Our work has embarked upon the interaction between serum albumin (SA) (including human SA and bovine SA), R,S-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethylamine, and R,S-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)ethylamine. The formation of intermediate transition state, binding sites, and ...
O'Connor Richard M - - 2013
There is increasing evidence suggesting a role of the neurotransmitter glutamate in depression. The metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors are G-protein coupled receptors, which mediate a slow modulatory response to glutamate signalling. mGlu7 receptor is a presynaptic inhibitory autoreceptor showing great promise as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of ...
Tuers Dawn Marie - - 2013
Defensive medicine is taxing our health care system more and more each year. Emergency departments are at more risk of malpractice claims due to their quick pace, lack of patient-physician relationship, and patient expectations and demands. It can be assumed that this results in unnecessary, expensive care. There are health ...
Dobe Madhumita - - 2013
A cross-sectional study was conducted in 5 randomly selected villages to assess prevalence of good hand-washing practice (GHP) among adolescents, and describe the social determinants. The prevalence of adolescent GHP was 32.1% (95% CI = 27.1, 37.1). Logistic regression established 5 significant positive predictors-maternal GHP, presence of sanitary latrine, availability ...
Meredith Pamela Joy - - 2013
Theoretical and empirical evidence suggests that adult attachment and pain-related variables are predictably and consistently linked, and that understanding these links may guide pain intervention and prevention efforts. In general, insecure attachment has been portrayed as a risk factor, and secure attachment as a protective factor, for people with chronic ...
Wooldridge Jennalee S - - 2013
In this study, factors that influence a person's likelihood of hiring a pediatric health care advocate (HCA) for support and/or advisory services were examined. Participants were asked to read vignettes in which a child's symptom severity, probability of mortality, and age were manipulated. A significantly higher likelihood of hiring an ...
Gukathasan Nilusha - - 2013
Contemporary management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) has evolved to include rapid revascularization, potent antithrombotic, and antiplatelets, all of which reduce the risk of ischemic complications. Despite these advances, recurrent ischemic and bleeding event rates are still substantial. This increased risk post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been the seminal event ...
Pierce J Thomas - - 2013
Access "The Action Level"® Questions online at: http://www.acgih.org/products/joeh/alquestions.htm Access "The Action Level"® Answers online at: http://www.acgih.org/products/joeh/alanswers.htm Access "The Action Level"®, Registration Form online at: https://www.acgih.org/products/joeh/alregfrm.htm "The Action Level,"® a self-study, continuing education program, provides a convenient and interesting opportunity for individuals to expand their knowledge in relevant areas of industrial ...
Harper Ellen M - - 2013
The amount of health care data in our world has been exploding, and the ability to store, aggregate, and combine data and then use the results to perform deep analyses have become ever more important. "Big data," large pools of data that can be captured, communicated, aggregated, stored, and analyzed, ...
Nelson Priscilla - - 2013
: Appropriate placement of the bispectral index (BIS)-vista montage for frontal approach neurosurgical procedures is a neuromonitoring challenge. The standard bifrontal application interferes with the operative field; yet to date, no other placements have demonstrated good agreement. The purpose of our study was to compare the standard BIS montage with ...
Pitts Stephanie B Jilcott - - 2013
To complete a formative evaluation to identify community-level assets and barriers to healthy lifestyle choices, we conducted qualitative interviews, community audits, and secondary data analyses. We solicited local leaders' perspectives regarding winnability of obesity prevention policy options. Participants noted that many resources were available, yet a barrier was high cost. ...
Marsman H A - - 2013
Omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) have been shown to reduce experimental hepatic steatosis and protect the liver from ischaemia-reperfusion injury. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of omega-3 FAs on regeneration of steatotic liver. Steatosis was induced in rats by a 3-week methionine/choline-deficient diet, which was continued ...
Reck Donna L - - 2013
Patients' expectations for their care have long been identified as a critical factor in patient satisfaction that has become a decisive element in hospital reimbursement. But the standard definition of expectations as the level of care patients imagine they would receive in the ideal hospital setting may be off the ...
Ruiu Stefania - - 2013
Previous studies have reported that some of the central effects of morphine are counteracted by the administration of the methanolic extract of the root of Indian ginseng, Withania somnifera Dunal (WSE). The present study sought to determine whether WSE affects acquisition and expression of morphine-elicited conditioned place preference (CPP) in ...
Ramgopal Sriram - - 2013
Approximately one-third of patients with epilepsy continue to have seizures despite antiepileptic therapy. Many seizures occur in diurnal, sleep/wake, circadian, or even monthly patterns. The relationship between biomarkers and state changes is still being investigated, but early results suggest that some of these patterns may be related to endogenous circadian ...
Beard Edward L EL - - 2013
The changing health care environment is requiring nurse executives within a hospital setting to design and implement innovative workforce practices that will both improve patient outcomes and lower costs. Since registered nurses comprise the largest percentage of a hospital's workforce, finding ways to incorporate them in these efforts is essential. ...
Andrews Diane Randall - - 2013
: Identified as Millennials, nurses born after 1980 are anticipated to redefine the employer-employee relationship as one based on the employee's wants and needs. The purpose of this study is to portray the expectations of Millennial student nurses immediately before graduation. Understanding these expectations may provide insight for leaders who ...
Scarpaci Anthony - - 2013
Stage III non-small cell lung cancer represents a heterogeneous group of patients who are best managed with a multidisciplinary approach, including evaluation for surgical, radiation, and chemotherapeutic options.
Gale Sharon - - 2013
As the United States moves into health care reform, there will be renewed debate on staffing models and ratios. The state of Massachusetts has developed a dashboard that will prepare them for nursing care models of the future while demonstrating that a variety of staffing templates can result in quality ...
Gaertner Jan - - 2013
Decades after the publication of the World Health Organization's analgesic ladder, cancer pain is still a major cause of suffering for patients with cancer and affects millions of people worldwide. Owing to the increasing incidence of cancer, cancer-related pain is a major public health problem worldwide. Unfortunately, current research revealed ...
Jeon Young-Tae - - 2013
: We designed this study to determine whether a combination of dexmedetomidine and sevoflurane postconditioning provides additive neuroprotection in a rat model of transient global cerebral ischemia. : Forty rats were randomly allocated to 4 groups. Control group (group C, n=10) received no treatment. Dexmedetomidine group (group D, n=10) received ...
Vasquez-Dunddel David - - 2013
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) play a key immunosuppressive role in various types of cancer, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). In this study, we characterized CD14+HLA-DR(-/lo) cells sorted from the tumors, draining lymph nodes, and peripheral blood of HNSCC patients. CD14+HLA-DR(-/lo) cells were phenotyped as CD11b+, CD33+, CD34+, ...
Chen Keqiang - - 2013
Commensal bacteria and their products provide beneficial effects to the mammalian gut by stimulating epithelial cell turnover and enhancing wound healing, without activating overt inflammation. We hypothesized that N-formylpeptide receptors, which bind bacterial N-formylpeptides and are expressed by intestinal epithelial cells, may contribute to these processes. Here we report that ...
Look Michael - - 2013
The ability to selectively inactivate immune cells with immunosuppressants is a much sought-after modality for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus and autoimmunity in general. Here, we designed and tested a novel nanogel drug delivery vehicle for the immunosuppressant mycophenolic acid (MPA). Treatment with MPA-loaded nanogels increased the median survival ...
El Khoury Graziella - - 2013
This work reports the development of a synthetic affinity adsorbent for immunoglobulins based on the Fab-binding domain of Streptococcal Protein G (SpG-domain III). The ligand (A2C7I1) was synthesized by the four-component Ugi reaction to generate a substituted peptoidal scaffold mimicking key amino acid residues of SpG. Computer-aided analysis suggests a ...
González-Andrade Martin - - 2013
Protein-protein interactions play central roles in physiological and pathological processes. The bases of the mechanisms of drug action are relevant to the discovery of new therapeutic targets. This work focuses on understanding the interactions in protein-protein-ligands complexes, using proteins calmodulin (CaM), human calcium/calmodulin-dependent 3',5'-cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 1A active human (PDE1A), ...
Barentsz M W - - 2013
Radioactive seed localization (RSL) is an alternative to wire localization for guiding surgical excision of non-palpable breast cancer. This review provides an overview of the available evidence on the accuracy of RSL in patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery. PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched systematically in January 2012 for ...
Valenzuela Jessica M - - 2013
A Photovoice pilot was conducted with youth living with sickle cell disease (SCD), in order to further understand their lived experience and examine the acceptability, feasibility, and utility of this method in this population. SCD is an inherited genetic condition whose primary symptom is severe pain. Youth were able to ...
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