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Results 351 - 400 of 5189
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Modery-Pawlowski Christa Lynn - - 2013
Whole blood or RBC transfusions are highly significant, clinically, for blood replacement therapies in traumatic injuries, pre-surgical conditions and anemias. However, natural RBC-based products suffer from limited shelf-life due to pathological contamination, and also present risks of refractoriness, graft-versus-host disease, immunosuppression and acute lung injury. These issues can be only ...
Huang Jingfeng - - 2013
We report the extended growth of Graphene Oxide (GO) flakes using atmospheric pressure ethanol Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD). GO was used to catalyze the deposition of carbon on a substrate in the ethanol CVD with Ar and H2 as carrier gases. Raman, SEM, XPS and AFM characterized the growth to ...
Martinelli A - - 2013
We report on how the local structure and the diffusional motion change upon increasing the alkyl chain length in 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium cation ionic liquids. This study has been performed by combining pulse field gradient (PFG) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) experiments. The cationic side chain ...
Wong Vincent W - - 2013
In this retrospective study, pregnant women with type 1 diabetes under the care of diabetes specialists pre-conception were found to have better glycaemic control and pregnancy outcomes than those not under specialist care prior to pregnancy. These differences were not seen in women with type 2 diabetes. The study showed ...
Matsoukas Ianis G - - 2013
The physiology and genetics underlying juvenility is poorly understood. Here we exploit Arabidopsis as a system to understand the mechanisms that regulate floral incompetence during juvenility. Using an experimental assay that allows the length of juvenility to be estimated, and mutants impaired in different pathways, we show that multiple inputs ...
Reuillard Bertrand - - 2013
We report the design of a novel glucose/O2 biofuel cell (GBFC) integrating carbon nanotube-based 3D bioelectrodes and using naphthoquinone-mediated oxidation of glucose by glucose oxidase and direct oxygen reduction by laccase. The GBFCs exhibit high open circuit voltages of 0.76 V, high current densities of 4.47 mA cm-2, and maximum ...
Zhang Zhan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Beta-catenin is a key nuclear effector of Wnt signaling which could be antagonized by dickkopf-1(DKK1). Beta-catenin and DKK1 are involved in a variety of biological processes; however, their expression in the placenta with severe preeclampsia (PE) has not been elucidated. This study was aimed to detect the localization and ...
Cobayashi Fernanda - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of stunting and overweight in children and identify demographic, socio-economic and maternal characteristics, as well as biochemical indicators, associated with these outcomes. DESIGN: A population-based, cross-sectional study was performed. Data from structured questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, and blood and stool samples were used in Poisson regression ...
Jayaraman Sundaramurthy - - 2013
In this work, we demonstrate a simple method of synthesizing nanoscale polythiophene-gold nanoparticle (AuNP) hybrid systems assembled by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) method. Regio-regular poly(3-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxymethyl)thiophene-2,5-diyl (PMEEMT) and poly(3-dodecylthiophene) (PDDT) were employed as the polymeric constituents. The presence of PDDT improved the amphiphilicity of PMEEMT by addressing the phase separation that occurred ...
Cooper Martin E - - 2013
Cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) has a well-established role in appetite regulation. Central CB1R antagonists, notably rimonabant, induced weight loss and improved the metabolic profile in obese individuals, but were discontinued due to psychiatric side-effects. CB1R is also expressed peripherally, where its effects include promoting liver fat accumulation, consuming ATP. Type ...
Kanda Yoshinobu - - 2013
A previous Japanese study revealed that a human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-A or -B allele mismatch was associated with higher overall mortality, whereas an HLA-C or -DRB1 allele mismatch did not affect mortality after serologically matched unrelated bone marrow transplantation (BMT). This study reanalysed 3003 adult patients who underwent unrelated BMT ...
Wu Ji Hong - - 2013
We report a new capping-agent-free strategy for the synthesis of substrate-supported porous icosahedral Au nanoparticles (NPs) with rough naked surfaces, based on the crystallization from substrate-supported thin solution layers followed by solid-phase thermolysis. The plasmonic properties of icosahedral Au NPs have been studied using single particle dark-field scattering microscopy and ...
Sankoda Kenshi - - 2013
In this study, we hypothesize that natural photochemical reactions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in tidal flats are responsible for the occurrence of chlorinated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (Cl-PAHs). This study aims to survey the impact of photochemical reactions using a combination of field surveys and lab-scale experiments. Concentrations and profiles ...
Chen Jian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke hyperglycemia appears to be associated with poor outcome from stroke, greater mortality, and reduced functional recovery. Focal cerebral ischemia data support that neural stem cells (NSCs) play an important role in post-ischemic repair. Here we sought to evaluate the negative effects of hyperglycemia on the cellular biology of ...
Petrtyl Jaromir - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Nitric oxide is an important vasoactive mediator. Changes in NO production, caused by functional variants of both endothelial and inducible NO synthase (eNOS, iNOS), might play a role in portal hypertension. The aim was to study the significance of functional eNOS and iNOS gene variants in cirrhotic patients ...
Turalska Malgorzata - - 2013
The surprising social phenomena of the Arab Spring and the Occupy Wall Street movement posit the question of whether the active role of committed groups may produce political changes of significant importance. Under what conditions are the convictions of a minority going to dominate the future direction of a society? ...
Buckhurst Hetal - - 2013
PURPOSE: Anterior segment optical coherent tomography (AS-OCT) is used to further examine previous reports that ciliary muscle thickness (CMT) is increased in myopic eyes. With reference to temporal and nasal CMT, interrelationships between biometric and morphological characteristics of anterior and posterior segments are analysed for British-White and British-South-Asian adults with ...
Bonacquisti Alexa - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine intentions to engage in condom use and potential partner-related barriers to condom use, including intimate partner violence (IPV), low levels of sexual relationship power and perceptions of monogamy, among women at risk for HIV. BACKGROUND: In the United States, women account for approximately one in ...
Aldebasi Yousef Y Department of Optometry, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi - - 2013
Activation of the polyol pathway due to increased aldo-keto reductase (AKR) activity has been implicated in the development of diabetic complications, including proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR); however, the relationship between hyperglycaemia-induced activation of the polyol pathway in the retina and PDR is still uncertain. This study was conducted on 73 ...
Xu Hao-Ran - - 2013
A dianthracene-cyclen conjugate was synthesized via 'click' chemistry, which could serve as an equal-equivalent responding chemosensor for Pb2+ in aqueous solution. Moreover, it could be successfully applied in the detection of Pb2+ in living cells and fetal calf serum.
Xia H M - - 2013
In this study, we report a robust agitation method for small-volume liquids. It utilizes an elastic diaphragm as the bottom of a liquid chamber, upon which an initial tension is also applied to enhance the aeroelasticity effects at small/micro scales. As a result, spontaneous vibration of the diaphragm can be ...
Mok N Yi - - 2013
The efficiency of automated compound screening is heavily influenced by the design and the quality of the screening libraries used. We recently reported on the assembly of one diverse and one target-focused lead-like screening library. Using data from 15 enzyme-based screenings conducted using these libraries, their performance was investigated. Both ...
Gräwert Tobias - - 2013
GTP cyclohydrolases generate the first committed intermediates for the biosynthesis of certain vitamins/cofactors (folic acid, riboflavin, deazaflavin, and tetrahydrobiopterin), deazapurine antibiotics, some t-RNA bases (queuosine, archaeosine), and the phytotoxin, toxoflavin. They depend on divalent cations for hydrolytic opening of the imidazole ring of the substrate, guanosine triphosphate (GTP). Surprisingly, the ...
Stuart Keren Louise - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a primary prevention care model using telephone support delivered through an existing health call centre to general practitioner-referred patients at risk of developing CVD, using objective measures of CVD risk reduction and weight loss. DESIGN: Participants were randomised into two groups: (i) those receiving a telephone-supported comprehensive ...
Jayasinghe Suwan N - - 2013
Recent years have seen interest in approaches for directly generating fibers and scaffolds following a rising trend for their exploration in the health sciences. In this review the author wishes to briefly highlight the many approaches explored to date for generating such structures, while underlining their advantages and disadvantages, and ...
Emilsson L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown an increased risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in patients with coeliac disease (CD), despite the patients' lack of traditional IHD risk factors. AIM: To characterise IHD according to CD status. METHODS: Data on duodenal or jejunal biopsies were collected in 2006-2008 from all 28 pathology ...
Karuppagounder Saravanan S - - 2013
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) mediates a broad, conserved adaptive response to hypoxia, and the HIF pathway is a potential therapeutic target in cerebral ischemia. This study investigated the mechanism by which in vitro ischemia (oxygen-glucose deprivation; OGD) affects canonical hypoxic HIF-1α stabilization. We validated the use of a reporter containing the ...
He Min - - 2013
Superhydrophobic porous surfaces with hydrophilic polymers adsorbed in pores are designed to control the coalescing behavior of microdroplets as well as their quick self-removal. The combination of chemical composition and surface structure are greatly important in the design of new materials for heat exchange, antifogging, and anti-icing.
Saunders Keith - - 2013
1 I. 1 II. 3 III. 5 IV. 8 9 References 9 SUMMARY: This review discusses the varying roles that have been played by many plant-viral regulatory sequences and proteins in the creation of plant-based expression systems and virus particles for use in nanotechnology. Essentially, there are two ways of ...
Liu Gang - - 2013
We have been developing the methodology to discriminate the handedness and diameter of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) through molecular recognition using chiral diporphyrin nanotweezers. Although relatively small diameters of SWNTs (less than 1.0 nm) were recognized well, nanotweezers were not able to form stable complexes with the SWNTs having the ...
Rintoul Angela C AC Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. - - 2013
To examine the rate of detection of alprazolam among cases of heroin-related death (HRD) in Victoria, including the relationship between alprazolam supply and HRDs. Population-based study of community alprazolam supply in Victoria and HRDs reported to the Victorian coroner from January 1990 to December 2010. Number of prescriptions for alprazolam ...
Flourié B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Aminosalicylates are first-choice treatment for mild-to-moderately active ulcerative colitis (UC); however, multi-dosing regimens are inconvenient. AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety of once- (OD) vs. twice- (BD) daily prolonged-release mesalazine (Pentasa, Ferring, Saint-Prex, Switzerland) for active mild-to-moderate UC in a non-inferiority study. METHODS: Eligible patients (n = 206) were randomised ...
Aronsson Carin Andrén CA Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, CRC, Bldg. 60:11, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, SE 20502 Malmö, Sweden. - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence and associated factors of dietary supplement use, particularly supplements containing vitamin D and fatty acids, in pregnant women enrolled in a multi-national study. The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study is a prospective longitudinal cohort study. ...
Zuo Rantao - - 2013
The effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on growth performance, non-specific immunity, antioxidant capacity, lipid deposition and related gene expression were investigated in the large yellow croaker (Larmichthys crocea). Fish (7·56 (sem 0·60) g) were fed soyabean oil-based diets with graded levels of CLA (0, 0·42, 0·83, 1·70 %) for 70 d. Quantitative ...
Li Meng - - 2013
The anthropogenic nitrogen (N) input as an important source strongly influences the microbial N cycling in coastal ecosystems. In this study, we investigated the responses of anammox bacteria, ammonia oxidizing archaea (AOA), and ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) to the amendments of ammonium and nitrite into mangrove sediments incubated in laboratory ...
Kianmehr Ebrahim - - 2013
Novel [Formula: see text]-alkyl-2-(alkylthio)-1[Formula: see text]-imidazole derivatives were synthesized in a single step by an efficient and simple method in high yields. Readily available starting materials, mild reaction conditions, operational simplicity and novelty are the key advantages of this method. Besides their novel structures, these compounds may have important biological ...
Toyoshima Chikashi - - 2013
P-type ATPases are ATP-powered ion pumps that establish ion concentration gradients across biological membranes, and are distinct from other ATPases in that the reaction cycle includes an autophosphorylation step. The best studied is Ca(2+)-ATPase from muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (SERCA1a), a Ca(2+) pump that relaxes muscle cells after contraction, and crystal ...
Kim Hyeong Gon - - 2013
The incidence of urinary calculi in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) ranges from 10 to 36 %. Shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) for urinary calculi in ADPKD was reported to be a safe and effective treatment option. However, there is a potential risk of cyst rupture and traumatic hemorrhage because of shockwaves. ...
Ogishima Hiroshi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utilities of ultrasonography (US) and low-field magnetic resonance imaging (compacTscan, cMRI) in the diagnosis of subclinical synovitis of hand joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total of 1,540 joints of 77 RA patients were examined clinically, using US, using cMRI, and the baseline ...
Chao Jerry J Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, - - 2013
Super-localization microscopy encompasses techniques that depend on the accurate localization of individual molecules from generally low-light images. The obtainable localization accuracies, however, are ultimately limited by the image detector's pixelation and noise. We present the ultrahigh accuracy imaging modality (UAIM), which allows users to obtain accuracies approaching the accuracy that ...
Patil V P - - 2013
For socially hibernating mammals, the effectiveness of huddling as a means of energy conservation should increase with group size. However, group size has only been linked to increased survival in a few hibernating species, and the relative importance of social structure versus winter conditions during hibernation remains uncertain. We studied ...
Palela Mihaela - - 2013
This study was performed to examine the influence of the controlled glucose supply technology, EnBase® Flo, on growth and heavy metals uptake capacity of two Bacillus strains isolated from food industry wastewater. Bacillus sp. growth on EnBase Flo (mineral salt complex medium containing starch-derived polymer as substrate) was examined in ...
Cho Hyelim H Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2013
Although susceptibility of neurons in the brain to microbial infection is a major determinant of clinical outcome, little is known about the molecular factors governing this vulnerability. Here we show that two types of neurons from distinct brain regions showed differential permissivity to replication of several positive-stranded RNA viruses. Granule ...
McEwan William A WA Division of Protein and Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. - - 2013
During pathogen infection, antibodies can be carried into the infected cell, where they are detected by the ubiquitously expressed cytosolic antibody receptor TRIM21. Here we found that recognition of intracellular antibodies by TRIM21 activated immune signaling. TRIM21 catalyzed the formation of Lys63 (K63)-linked ubiquitin chains and stimulated the transcription factor ...
Wong H K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of studies on the magnitude of reduction of vasovagal reaction by reduced collection volume. This study was thus conducted to determine the difference in reaction rates between two collection volumes among the young first-time donors who are at particular risk of reaction. STUDY DESIGN AND ...
Tena Fernández Fátima - - 2013
In the Potyvirus genus, the P1 protein is the first N-terminal product processed from the viral polyprotein, followed by the helper-component proteinase (HCPro). In silencing suppression patch assays, we found that Potato virus Y (PVY) HCPro expressed from a P1-HCPro sequence increased the accumulation of a reporter gene, whereas protein ...
Langston Ben - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is a significant clinical problem and is a symptom commonly experienced by patients with differing cancer types during and following treatment. It is a distressing symptom which interferes with functioning in daily life. However, much less is known about the prevalence and severity of fatigue in prostate ...
Ternent Laura - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Typical health state valuation exercises use tradeoff methods, such as the time tradeoff or the standard gamble, involving a series of iterated questions so that a value for each health state by each individual respondent is elicited. This iterative process is a source of potential biases, but this has ...
Wagner Dominique N - - 2013
Temperate and tropical birds possess divergent life history strategies. Physiological parameters including energy metabolism correlate with the life history such that tropical species with a slower 'pace of life' have lower resting and maximal metabolic rates than temperate congeners. To better understand the physiological mechanisms underlying these differences, we investigated ...
Mattiussi Claudio - - 2013
In an instant classic paper (Lazebnik, in Cancer Cell 2(3); 2002: 179-182) biologist Yuri Lazebnik deplores the poor effectiveness of the approach adopted by biologists to understand and "fix" biological systems. Lazebnik suggests that to remedy this state of things biologist should take inspiration from the approach used by engineers ...
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