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Yin Jinjin - - 2013
We present here a highly selective and sensitive label-free method to detect Hg2+ ions in aqueous solution by using DNA molecular machine-based fluorescent Ag nanoclusters (AgNCs). This mechanism is based on the Hg2+ ions triggering machine-like operations of DNA and the "product" of the machine being used to stabilize fluorescent ...
Kern Delila J - - 2013
Both complement and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) contribute to the clinical efficacy of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy. Paradoxically, the C3b component of complement can block interaction between mAb and NK cells. The current studies compared the effect of complement on the ability of two anti-CD20 mAbs, rituximab and GA10, ...
Xu Linru - - 2013
Visualization and detection of latent fingerprints (LFPs) on metal surfaces are of highly practical importance, e.g., in identifying gun cartridges. We report herein the visualization of LFPs on stainless steel surfaces by electrochemiluminescence (ECL). Since organic residues, such as fatty acids, in the fingerprint deposit make the underlying surface electrochemically ...
Sackett Loren C - - 2013
Introduced diseases can cause dramatic declines in-and even the loss of-natural populations. Extirpations may be followed by low recolonization rates, leading to inbreeding and a loss of genetic variation, with consequences on population viability. Conversely, extirpations may create vacant habitat patches that individuals from multiple source populations can colonize, potentially ...
Girolamo Francesco - - 2013
AIMS: Sporadic inclusion body myositis (s-IBM) is characterized by rimmed vacuole formation and misfolded protein accumulation. Intracellular protein aggregates are cleared by autophagy. When autophagy is blocked aggregates accumulate, resulting in abnormal rimmed vacuole formation. This study investigated the autophagy-lysosome pathway contribution to rimmed vacuole accumulation. METHODS: Autophagy was studied ...
Tsioli V - - 2013
Recurrent cervical sialoceles were diagnosed in four dogs associated with inadequate excision of the sublingual gland. Three dogs were managed by resection of the remnants of the sublingual gland via an oral approach. One dog was managed through a ventral approach as identification of the sublingual gland was not possible ...
Turalska Malgorzata - - 2013
The surprising social phenomena of the Arab Spring and the Occupy Wall Street movement posit the question of whether the active role of committed groups may produce political changes of significant importance. Under what conditions are the convictions of a minority going to dominate the future direction of a society? ...
Buckhurst Hetal - - 2013
PURPOSE: Anterior segment optical coherent tomography (AS-OCT) is used to further examine previous reports that ciliary muscle thickness (CMT) is increased in myopic eyes. With reference to temporal and nasal CMT, interrelationships between biometric and morphological characteristics of anterior and posterior segments are analysed for British-White and British-South-Asian adults with ...
Bonacquisti Alexa - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine intentions to engage in condom use and potential partner-related barriers to condom use, including intimate partner violence (IPV), low levels of sexual relationship power and perceptions of monogamy, among women at risk for HIV. BACKGROUND: In the United States, women account for approximately one in ...
Zinchuk Vadim - - 2013
Quantitative colocalization studies suffer from the lack of unified approach to interpret obtained results. We developed a tool to characterize the results of colocalization experiments in a way so that they are understandable and comparable both qualitatively and quantitatively. Employing a fuzzy system model and computer simulation, we produced a ...
Fernandez Juan P - - 2013
Aims: To establish success and complication rates of excimer laser coronary atherectomy (ELCA) in a contemporary series of patients with balloon failure during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of both chronic total occlusions (CTO) and lesions with distal TIMI 3 flow. Methods and results: We identified 58 cases of balloon failure ...
Santos H M - - 2013
In the present work we report a novel on-target protein cleavage method. The method utilizes ultrasonic energy and allows up to 20 samples to be cleaved in 5 minutes for protein identification and 1 sample in 30 s for on-tissue digestion. The standard proteins were spotted on a conductive glass ...
Dietz Hans Peter - - 2013
The investigation of female pelvic floor function and anatomy is moving from the fringes to the mainstream of urogynaecology and female urology, and it is becoming increasingly relevant for obstetrics. We are coming to realise that pelvic floor trauma in labour is common, usually overlooked, and a major factor in ...
Nilsson Anita - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop a theoretical understanding of the processes hindering person-centred care of older people with cognitive impairment in acute care settings. BACKGROUND: Although person-centred care with its holistic focus on the biopsychosocial needs of patients is commonly considered the gold standard care for older people with cognitive ...
Mezzenga Raffaele - - 2013
The aggregation of proteins is of fundamental relevance in a number of daily phenomena, as important and diverse as blood coagulation, medical diseases, or cooking an egg in the kitchen. Colloidal food systems, in particular, are examples that have great significance for protein aggregation, not only for their importance and ...
Chen Ying - - 2013
In this study, we sequenced and annotated the complete mitochondrial genome of Schizothorax waltoni (Cypriniformes:Cyprinidae). The mitogenome is 16,587 bp in length, which contains 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, and 2 non-coding regions: origin of light-strand replication (OL) and control region (D-loop). The overall nucleotide base composition ...
Chen Hongliang - - 2013
Molecular self-assembly is a promising technology for creating reliable functional films in optoelectronic devices with full control of thickness and even spatial resolution. In particular, rationally designed self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) play an important role in modifying the electrode/semiconductor and semiconductor/dielectric interfaces in field-effect transistors. Carbon nanomaterials, especially single-walled carbon nanotubes ...
Kalaitzakis Evangelos - - 2013
Abstract Background. Although muscle wasting may lead to decreased ammonia detoxification in cirrhosis, the potential role of lean mass depletion in hepatic encephalopathy (HE) has not been explored. Anemia, hormonal abnormalities, and psychological distress may contribute to cognitive dysfunction, but data on their potential relation to HE are limited. Methods. ...
Delaney Joshua P - - 2013
This study describes the synthesis of five novel C2-symmetric organocatalysts that facilitate the on-water asymmetric aldol reaction at low catalyst loading (1 mol%) without the use of additives. Each catalyst is composed of two diprolinamide units joined by a symmetric alkyl bridging group allowing for systematic modulation of catalytic site ...
Liu Xinran - - 2013
Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) are expected to be an important source for the formation of mineral-organic associations in soil. Since such formations affect the composition of mobile and immobile organic matter as well as the reactivity of minerals, we investigated the composition of EPS before and after adsorption to goethite. ...
Ting Yuen Ha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The data in the literature suggests that Methimazole (MMI)/Carbimazole (CMZ) embryopathy is rare. This study examined the incidence of CMZ embryopathy in the Hong Kong Chinese population and the factors associated with its development. METHODS: Of the 145 pregnant women with hyperthyroidism managed from 2008 to 2010, 29 (20%) ...
Ho Cherng-Rong - - 2013
We demonstrated a promising route to enhance the performance of inverted organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices by the incorporation of CuGaSe2 (CGS) quantum dots (QDs) into the ZnO buffer layer of P3HT:PCBM-based devices. The modification of QDs provides better band alignment between the organic/cathode interface, improves ZnO crystal quality, and increases ...
Mahony Andrew A - - 2013
To examine increased notifications of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in men who have sex with men (MSM) infected with HIV in Victoria, and evaluate HCV transmission risk factors other than injecting drug use. Case series through retrospective review of all HCV cases in Victoria from 1 April 2010 to 30 June 2011, with ...
Chen Zhaohui - - 2013
We reported a new application of silver nanoparticles (NPs) for the visual sensing of aromatic polyphenols, such as gallic acid, pyrogallol and tannic acid, which is based on the intensified plasmon absorbance signals and visual changes from yellow to orange due to hydrogen-bonding recognition and subsequent catalytic oxidation of the ...
Hilbert Anja - - 2013
The Eating Disorder Examination adapted for children (ChEDE) is the child version of the semi-structured gold standard eating disorder interview for adults. This study was a comprehensive test statistic evaluation of the German ChEDE in a large sample of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa, binge eating disorder, loss of ...
Tang Dianping - - 2013
This work reports a novel electrochemical immunoassay protocol with signal amplification for determination of low-abundance protein (free prostate-specific antigen, PSA, used as a model) with high sensitivity and high selectivity by coupling metal sulfide (PbS)-based nanolabels with cleavage of the corresponding lead ion-induced DNAzymes. The assay mainly consists of an ...
Park Ji-Hyeon - - 2013
We demonstrate the fabrication of n-GaN:Si/p-GaN:Mg nanowire arrays on (111) silicon substrate by metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) method .The nanowires were grown by a newly developed two-step growth process. The diameter of as-grown nanowires ranges from 300-400 nm with a density of 6-7 × 107 cm-2. The p- ...
Halazonetis D J - - 2013
Blending of chewing gums of different colours is used in the clinical setting, as a simple and reliable means for the assessment of chewing efficiency. However, the available software is difficult to use in an everyday clinical setting, and there is no possibility of automated classification of the patient's chewing ...
Becerra Rosa - - 2013
Time-resolved kinetic studies of the reaction of dimethylsilylene, SiMe2, generated by laser flash photolysis of 1,1-dimethyl-1-silacyclopent-3-ene, have been carried out to obtain rate coefficients for its bimolecular reactions with trimethylsilane-1-d, Me3SiD. The reaction was studied in the gas phase at five temperatures in the range 292-605 K. The rate coefficients ...
Yamane Masahisa - - 2013
Aims: The retrograde approach to CTO is promising, but questions remain with regard to its wider application and the potential risks. This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of retrograde recanalisation of chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the coronary arteries. Methods and results: A total of 378 consecutive patients (previously ...
Morioka Daichi - - 2013
Axillary osmidrosis often disturbs a person's social life, particularly in Asian countries. However, the clinical aspects of this condition have not been well documented in the English-language published work. This study aimed to provide information on the features of axillary osmidrosis, with a particular focus on sex differences. A retrospective ...
Liu Wei - - 2013
Perfusion deficits in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) from a military population were characterized by dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion imaging. Relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was calculated by a model-independent deconvolution approach from the tracer concentration curves following a bolus injection of gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (Gd-DTPA) using both manually ...
Pechanova Olga - - 2013
The filamentous fungus Aspergillus flavus is an opportunistic soil-borne pathogen that produces aflatoxins, the most potent naturally occurring carcinogenic compounds known. This work represents the first gel-based profiling analysis of A. flavus proteome and establishes a 2-D proteome map. Using 2-DE and MALDI-TOF-MSMS, we identified 538 mycelial proteins of the ...
Czaja Angela S - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aims to perform a comparative safety study assessing the risk of ventricular arrhythmia, cardiac arrest, or sudden death among pediatric selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) users. METHODS: Using US claims data from 1997 to 2009, new pediatric (age < 18 years) users of SSRI monotherapy were identified. Adverse cardiac outcomes ...
Su Qi - - 2013
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) was first detected in China in 2006, following the introduction of Bemisia tabaci Q into China in 2003. Since then, the incidence of TYLCV in tomato fields in China has greatly increased as has the abundance and distribution of Q whiteflies containing the bacterial ...
Jaworska Ewa - - 2013
A simple procedure leading to disposable potentiometric sensors using as a supporting electrode - electrical lead and transducer - a layer of carbon nanostructured material, either graphene or multi-walled nanotubes, is proposed, and the effect of the material used on the properties of the sensor is discussed. The obtained layers ...
Dulisse Brian - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to provide up-to-date estimates of the clinical and economic burden that occurs during inpatient treatment of cancer patients with febrile neutropenia (FN). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using 2007-2010 hospital discharge data from the Premier database. The study population included ...
Belguith-Maalej Salima - - 2013
Summary Intronic microsatellites repeats were implicated in the pathogenic mechanisms of several diseases. SLC26A4 gene, involved in the genetic susceptibility of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), harbours large non-coding introns. Using the tandem repeat finder (TRF) Software, two new polymorphic microsatellite markers, rs59736472 and rs57250751, located at introns 10 and 20, ...
Ploussard Guillaume - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: Even after a negative set of prostate biopsies, the risk of undetected prostate cancer remains clinically significant. Predictive markers of such a risk are undefined. In addition to PSA and PSAD, low prostate volume and %fPSA are interesting time-varying ...
Zhang Ying-Xiu - - 2013
Background: Prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased in both developed and developing countries. The increasing global prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents constitutes a public health crisis Aim: The present study assessed the rural-urban differences in prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in Shandong Province, ...
Conway Aaron - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore issues and challenges associated with nurse-administered procedural sedation and analgesia in the cardiac catheterisation laboratory from the perspectives of senior nurses. BACKGROUND: Nurses play an important part in managing sedation because the prescription is usually given verbally directly from the cardiologist who is performing the ...
Thompson Robert J - - 2013
To address the question of surface oxidation in organic electronics the chemical composition at the surface of single crystalline rubrene is spatially profiled and analyzed using Time of Flight - Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS). It is seen that a uniform oxide (C42H28O) covers the surface while there is an ...
Honda Tomohiro - - 2013
(2R,3R,4R)-4-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidin-3-yl 4-O-(6-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)-α-D-glucopyranoside (CS-1036) is a potent inhibitor of pancreatic and salivary α-amylase. After oral administration of [14C]CS-1036 to rats, the radioactivity was still detectable up to 7-14 days post-dose in various tissues, and its terminal phase in plasma could be explained neither by the exposure of CS-1036 nor its major ...
Cordero-Herrera Isabel - - 2013
SCOPE: Cocoa and (-)-epicatechin (EC), a main cocoa flavanol, have been suggested to exert beneficial effects in diabetes, but the mechanism for their insulin-like effects remains unknown. In this study, the modulation of insulin signalling by EC and a cocoa phenolic extract (CPE) on hepatic HepG2 cells was investigated by ...
Yasuike Tomokazu - - 2013
The optical responses of metal clusters, M8 (M = Au, Ag and Cu), are investigated by the linear response theory based on the density functional theory. Unlike sodium clusters [Yasuike et al., Phys. Rev. A, 2011, 83, 013201], the plasmonic excitations in the present metal clusters are strongly reduced by ...
Chuang Ying-Chih - - 2013
The single- and many-particle Coulomb excitation spectra in Bernal bilayer graphene can be modulated by a uniform perpendicular electric field. The field-induced oscillatory parabolic bands possess saddle points and local extrema, which, respectively, lead to logarithmically divergent peaks and discontinuous steps in the bare response functions. Such special structures are ...
Donnelly L - - 2013
Completeness of mast cell tumour (MCT) excision is determined by assessment of histologically tumour-free margins (HTFM). The HTFM width necessary to prevent local recurrence (LR), recognized as histologic safety margin (HSM) in human oncology, has not been defined. We hypothesized that HTFM width would correlate with risk for LR and ...
Thai Hoai-Thu - - 2013
A version of the nonparametric bootstrap, which resamples the entire subjects from original data, called the case bootstrap, has been increasingly used for estimating uncertainty of parameters in mixed-effects models. It is usually applied to obtain more robust estimates of the parameters and more realistic confidence intervals (CIs). Alternative bootstrap ...
Guo Benchang - - 2013
B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling initiates multiple activities critical for B-cell function. Recently we identified an alternate BCR signaling pathway, induced by IL-4, that is signalosome-independent, unlike the classical signalosome-dependent pathway, and that leads to activation of the MAP kinase, ERK. Here we questioned whether alternate pathway signaling extends to other ...
Reuillard Bertrand - - 2013
We report the design of a novel glucose/O2 biofuel cell (GBFC) integrating carbon nanotube-based 3D bioelectrodes and using naphthoquinone-mediated oxidation of glucose by glucose oxidase and direct oxygen reduction by laccase. The GBFCs exhibit high open circuit voltages of 0.76 V, high current densities of 4.47 mA cm-2, and maximum ...
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