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Park Ji-Hyeon - - 2013
We demonstrate the fabrication of n-GaN:Si/p-GaN:Mg nanowire arrays on (111) silicon substrate by metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) method .The nanowires were grown by a newly developed two-step growth process. The diameter of as-grown nanowires ranges from 300-400 nm with a density of 6-7 × 107 cm-2. The p- ...
Halazonetis D J - - 2013
Blending of chewing gums of different colours is used in the clinical setting, as a simple and reliable means for the assessment of chewing efficiency. However, the available software is difficult to use in an everyday clinical setting, and there is no possibility of automated classification of the patient's chewing ...
Becerra Rosa - - 2013
Time-resolved kinetic studies of the reaction of dimethylsilylene, SiMe2, generated by laser flash photolysis of 1,1-dimethyl-1-silacyclopent-3-ene, have been carried out to obtain rate coefficients for its bimolecular reactions with trimethylsilane-1-d, Me3SiD. The reaction was studied in the gas phase at five temperatures in the range 292-605 K. The rate coefficients ...
Yamane Masahisa - - 2013
Aims: The retrograde approach to CTO is promising, but questions remain with regard to its wider application and the potential risks. This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of retrograde recanalisation of chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the coronary arteries. Methods and results: A total of 378 consecutive patients (previously ...
Morioka Daichi - - 2013
Axillary osmidrosis often disturbs a person's social life, particularly in Asian countries. However, the clinical aspects of this condition have not been well documented in the English-language published work. This study aimed to provide information on the features of axillary osmidrosis, with a particular focus on sex differences. A retrospective ...
Liu Wei - - 2013
Perfusion deficits in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) from a military population were characterized by dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion imaging. Relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was calculated by a model-independent deconvolution approach from the tracer concentration curves following a bolus injection of gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (Gd-DTPA) using both manually ...
Pechanova Olga - - 2013
The filamentous fungus Aspergillus flavus is an opportunistic soil-borne pathogen that produces aflatoxins, the most potent naturally occurring carcinogenic compounds known. This work represents the first gel-based profiling analysis of A. flavus proteome and establishes a 2-D proteome map. Using 2-DE and MALDI-TOF-MSMS, we identified 538 mycelial proteins of the ...
Czaja Angela S - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aims to perform a comparative safety study assessing the risk of ventricular arrhythmia, cardiac arrest, or sudden death among pediatric selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) users. METHODS: Using US claims data from 1997 to 2009, new pediatric (age < 18 years) users of SSRI monotherapy were identified. Adverse cardiac outcomes ...
Su Qi - - 2013
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) was first detected in China in 2006, following the introduction of Bemisia tabaci Q into China in 2003. Since then, the incidence of TYLCV in tomato fields in China has greatly increased as has the abundance and distribution of Q whiteflies containing the bacterial ...
Jaworska Ewa - - 2013
A simple procedure leading to disposable potentiometric sensors using as a supporting electrode - electrical lead and transducer - a layer of carbon nanostructured material, either graphene or multi-walled nanotubes, is proposed, and the effect of the material used on the properties of the sensor is discussed. The obtained layers ...
Dulisse Brian - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to provide up-to-date estimates of the clinical and economic burden that occurs during inpatient treatment of cancer patients with febrile neutropenia (FN). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using 2007-2010 hospital discharge data from the Premier database. The study population included ...
Belguith-Maalej Salima - - 2013
Summary Intronic microsatellites repeats were implicated in the pathogenic mechanisms of several diseases. SLC26A4 gene, involved in the genetic susceptibility of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), harbours large non-coding introns. Using the tandem repeat finder (TRF) Software, two new polymorphic microsatellite markers, rs59736472 and rs57250751, located at introns 10 and 20, ...
Ploussard Guillaume - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: Even after a negative set of prostate biopsies, the risk of undetected prostate cancer remains clinically significant. Predictive markers of such a risk are undefined. In addition to PSA and PSAD, low prostate volume and %fPSA are interesting time-varying ...
Zhang Ying-Xiu - - 2013
Background: Prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased in both developed and developing countries. The increasing global prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents constitutes a public health crisis Aim: The present study assessed the rural-urban differences in prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in Shandong Province, ...
Conway Aaron - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore issues and challenges associated with nurse-administered procedural sedation and analgesia in the cardiac catheterisation laboratory from the perspectives of senior nurses. BACKGROUND: Nurses play an important part in managing sedation because the prescription is usually given verbally directly from the cardiologist who is performing the ...
Thompson Robert J - - 2013
To address the question of surface oxidation in organic electronics the chemical composition at the surface of single crystalline rubrene is spatially profiled and analyzed using Time of Flight - Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS). It is seen that a uniform oxide (C42H28O) covers the surface while there is an ...
Honda Tomohiro - - 2013
(2R,3R,4R)-4-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidin-3-yl 4-O-(6-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)-α-D-glucopyranoside (CS-1036) is a potent inhibitor of pancreatic and salivary α-amylase. After oral administration of [14C]CS-1036 to rats, the radioactivity was still detectable up to 7-14 days post-dose in various tissues, and its terminal phase in plasma could be explained neither by the exposure of CS-1036 nor its major ...
Cordero-Herrera Isabel - - 2013
SCOPE: Cocoa and (-)-epicatechin (EC), a main cocoa flavanol, have been suggested to exert beneficial effects in diabetes, but the mechanism for their insulin-like effects remains unknown. In this study, the modulation of insulin signalling by EC and a cocoa phenolic extract (CPE) on hepatic HepG2 cells was investigated by ...
Yasuike Tomokazu - - 2013
The optical responses of metal clusters, M8 (M = Au, Ag and Cu), are investigated by the linear response theory based on the density functional theory. Unlike sodium clusters [Yasuike et al., Phys. Rev. A, 2011, 83, 013201], the plasmonic excitations in the present metal clusters are strongly reduced by ...
Chuang Ying-Chih - - 2013
The single- and many-particle Coulomb excitation spectra in Bernal bilayer graphene can be modulated by a uniform perpendicular electric field. The field-induced oscillatory parabolic bands possess saddle points and local extrema, which, respectively, lead to logarithmically divergent peaks and discontinuous steps in the bare response functions. Such special structures are ...
Donnelly L - - 2013
Completeness of mast cell tumour (MCT) excision is determined by assessment of histologically tumour-free margins (HTFM). The HTFM width necessary to prevent local recurrence (LR), recognized as histologic safety margin (HSM) in human oncology, has not been defined. We hypothesized that HTFM width would correlate with risk for LR and ...
Anderson Cheryl A M - - 2013
SCOPE: By increasing blood folate concentrations, folic acid supplementation reduces risk for neural tube defect-affected pregnancies, and lowers homocysteine concentrations. We assessed response of red blood cell (RBC) and serum folate to folic acid supplementation, and examined association of response with the genetic polymorphism C677T of the methylenetetrahydrofolate NAD(P)H (MTHFR) ...
Thai Hoai-Thu - - 2013
A version of the nonparametric bootstrap, which resamples the entire subjects from original data, called the case bootstrap, has been increasingly used for estimating uncertainty of parameters in mixed-effects models. It is usually applied to obtain more robust estimates of the parameters and more realistic confidence intervals (CIs). Alternative bootstrap ...
Guo Benchang - - 2013
B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling initiates multiple activities critical for B-cell function. Recently we identified an alternate BCR signaling pathway, induced by IL-4, that is signalosome-independent, unlike the classical signalosome-dependent pathway, and that leads to activation of the MAP kinase, ERK. Here we questioned whether alternate pathway signaling extends to other ...
Reuillard Bertrand - - 2013
We report the design of a novel glucose/O2 biofuel cell (GBFC) integrating carbon nanotube-based 3D bioelectrodes and using naphthoquinone-mediated oxidation of glucose by glucose oxidase and direct oxygen reduction by laccase. The GBFCs exhibit high open circuit voltages of 0.76 V, high current densities of 4.47 mA cm-2, and maximum ...
Guo Yaxiao - - 2013
A new trimethylamine amination polychloromethyl styrene nano-latex (TMAPL) and TMAPL coated capillary column (ccc-TMAPL) were successfully prepared. The TMAPL coating was characterized with reversed steady EOF values of ca. -16.8× 10-5 cm2 V-1 s-1 . It was applied to establish open-tubular capillary electrochromatogarphy (OT-CEC) and field-amplified sample stacking (FASS) OT-CEC ...
Zhang Zhan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Beta-catenin is a key nuclear effector of Wnt signaling which could be antagonized by dickkopf-1(DKK1). Beta-catenin and DKK1 are involved in a variety of biological processes; however, their expression in the placenta with severe preeclampsia (PE) has not been elucidated. This study was aimed to detect the localization and ...
Cobayashi Fernanda - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of stunting and overweight in children and identify demographic, socio-economic and maternal characteristics, as well as biochemical indicators, associated with these outcomes. DESIGN: A population-based, cross-sectional study was performed. Data from structured questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, and blood and stool samples were used in Poisson regression ...
Jayaraman Sundaramurthy - - 2013
In this work, we demonstrate a simple method of synthesizing nanoscale polythiophene-gold nanoparticle (AuNP) hybrid systems assembled by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) method. Regio-regular poly(3-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxymethyl)thiophene-2,5-diyl (PMEEMT) and poly(3-dodecylthiophene) (PDDT) were employed as the polymeric constituents. The presence of PDDT improved the amphiphilicity of PMEEMT by addressing the phase separation that occurred ...
Cooper Martin E - - 2013
Cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) has a well-established role in appetite regulation. Central CB1R antagonists, notably rimonabant, induced weight loss and improved the metabolic profile in obese individuals, but were discontinued due to psychiatric side-effects. CB1R is also expressed peripherally, where its effects include promoting liver fat accumulation, consuming ATP. Type ...
Gao Huile - - 2013
Aim: The poor water solubility of many active compounds is a serious deterrent to their use as commercial drugs. Lapatinib is a dual inhibitor of the EGF receptor and EGF receptor 2 approved by the US FDA to treat advanced breast cancer. This study prepares lapatinib-incorporated lipoprotein-like nanoparticles (LTNPs) to ...
Qun Z - - 2013
Supplementation of branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) is often used to attenuate exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage and promote adaptation, but no definitive conclusion on the benefits of BCAA on muscle recovery after injurious exercise can be drawn. Exploration of the systematic BCAA alteration in muscular injury-repair stage per se without any ...
Iturrino J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Daikenchuto, a Japanese herbal medicine used for post-operative ileus and constipation, dose dependently stimulates gastrointestinal (GI) motility and decreases rectal compliance and sensation. Effects of TU-100 (commercial form of daikenchuto) in adults with constipation are unknown. AIM: To compare the effects of oral TU-100, 2.5 g t.d.s. or 5 g t.d.s. ...
Sandaite Inga - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To report on the feasibility of assessing cardiac structures on post-mortem 3-tesla MRI (pmMRI) and to provide morphometric data in fetuses without cardiac abnormalities. METHODS: Retrospective single center study on 3T pmMRI of 39 consecutive fetuses without cardiac abnormalities (13-38 weeks of gestation). Fetal cardiac anatomy was assessed and measurements ...
Heeley Ellen L - - 2013
Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) cubic cage systems (octa-n-octadecyloctasilsesquioxane, (T8C18) and octakis(n-octadecyldimethylsiloxy)octasilsesquioxane, (Q8C18)) were synthesised with eight long n-alkyl chain (R = C18H37) substituent arms, as model nano-functionalized compounds. The crystalline packing morphology of the cages was studied using time-resolved Small- and Wide-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS/WAXS), thermal and optical techniques. From ...
Cornforth Daniel M - - 2013
The field of ecology has long recognized two types of competition: exploitative competition, which occurs indirectly through resource consumption, and interference competition, whereby one individual directly harms another. Here, we argue that these two forms of competition have played a dominant role in the evolution of bacterial regulatory networks. In ...
Willett Mark - - 2013
During cell spreading, mammalian cells migrate using lamellipodia formed from large dense branched actin network which produce the protrusive force required for leading edge advancement. The formation of lamellipodia is a dynamic process and dependent on a variety of protein co-factors that mediate their local regulation, structural characteristics and dynamics. ...
Olafsdottir Eydis - - 2013
Purpose:  To evaluate the prevalence of and risk factors for, retinopathy in a geographically defined population with type 2 diabetes mellitus compared with a control group of subjects without diabetes, matched by age, sex and residence in order to find the retinopathy attributable to type 2 diabetes. Methods:  The study ...
Ebrahimzadeh Homeira - - 2013
A rapid and simple quantitative method for preconcentration and determination of haloperidol in biological samples was developed using ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction, based on the solidification of floating organic droplet combined with high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD). The effects of several factors were investigated. 30 μL of 1-undecanol as an ...
Rozot Virginie - - 2013
Protective immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) remains poorly understood and the role of Mtb-specific CD8+ T cells is controversial. Here we performed a broad phenotypic and functional characterization of Mtb-specific CD8+ T cells in 326 subjects with latent Mtb infection (LTBI) or active TB disease (TB). Mtb-specific CD8+ T cells ...
Vaze Koustubh M - - 2013
Circadian rhythms are believed to be an evolutionary adaptation to daily environmental cycles resulting from Earth's rotation about its axis. A trait evolved through a process of natural selection is considered as adaptation; therefore, rigorous demonstration of adaptation requires evidence suggesting evolution of a trait by natural selection. Like any ...
Brorsson Anna - - 2013
Abstract Aim: People with Alzheimer's disease (AD) remain in their ordinary housing and continue to use public space despite increasing disabilities. The aim of this study was to discover and describe problematic situations and critical incidents that took place when people with AD performed the ordinary outside-home activity of grocery ...
Pryymachuk Galyna - - 2013
Background and aim: Current methods for visualization of the blood vasculature, biliary tree and for isolation of vital cholangiocytes are afflicted with a plethora of technical difficulties, especially in mice. In this project, we propose a novel, reliable and straightforward alternative technique for histological demonstration of blood- and biliary systems ...
Kraus Sophie Luise - - 2013
The early diagnosis and excision of cutaneous melanoma is essential for an improved prognosis of the disease. Besides the investigation of pigmented lesions with the unaided eye and conventional dermatoscopy, long-term sequential digital dermatoscopy has been shown to improve the sensitivity of melanoma detection, especially in high-risk patients. In addition ...
Fang Y-X - - 2013
Prostate cancer (PCa) is considered to be a frequently diagnosed cancer in males with high mortality worldwide, but the molecular mechanism responsible for prostate tumorigenesis and progression remains unclear. Increasing evidence has shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in PCa. In this review, we focus on the current ...
Xu Hao-Ran - - 2013
A dianthracene-cyclen conjugate was synthesized via 'click' chemistry, which could serve as an equal-equivalent responding chemosensor for Pb2+ in aqueous solution. Moreover, it could be successfully applied in the detection of Pb2+ in living cells and fetal calf serum.
Xia H M - - 2013
In this study, we report a robust agitation method for small-volume liquids. It utilizes an elastic diaphragm as the bottom of a liquid chamber, upon which an initial tension is also applied to enhance the aeroelasticity effects at small/micro scales. As a result, spontaneous vibration of the diaphragm can be ...
Gräwert Tobias - - 2013
GTP cyclohydrolases generate the first committed intermediates for the biosynthesis of certain vitamins/cofactors (folic acid, riboflavin, deazaflavin, and tetrahydrobiopterin), deazapurine antibiotics, some t-RNA bases (queuosine, archaeosine), and the phytotoxin, toxoflavin. They depend on divalent cations for hydrolytic opening of the imidazole ring of the substrate, guanosine triphosphate (GTP). Surprisingly, the ...
Stuart Keren Louise - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a primary prevention care model using telephone support delivered through an existing health call centre to general practitioner-referred patients at risk of developing CVD, using objective measures of CVD risk reduction and weight loss. DESIGN: Participants were randomised into two groups: (i) those receiving a telephone-supported comprehensive ...
Cui Yilong - - 2013
The vascular serotonergic system in the brain has been implicated in the pathophysiology of migraine, however, involvement of the serotonergic nervous system of the brain parenchyma in the pathophysiology remains unclear. To investigate whether the brain parenchymal serotonergic nervous system is involved in the etiology of migraine, we prepared an ...
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