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Chan Pick Kuen - - 2013
Three independent ethylene insensitive mutants were selected from an EMS- mutagenized population of Lotus japonicus MG-20 (Miyakojima). The mutants, called 'Enigma', were mutated in the LjEIN2a gene from Lotus chromosome 1, sharing significant homology with Arabidopsis EIN2 (ethylene-insensitive2). All three alleles showed classical ethylene insensitivity phenotypes (e.g., Triple Response), but ...
Kavitha Thangavelu - - 2013
Graphene oxide (GO) was functionalized covalently with pH-sensitive poly(2-(diethylamino) ethyl methacrylate) (PDEA) by surface-initiated in situ atom transfer radical polymerization. The structure of the PDEA-grafted GO (GO-PDEA) were examined by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and atomic force microscopy. The grafted PDEA ...
Egger Jan - - 2013
Volumetric change in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) over time is a critical factor in treatment decisions. Typically, the tumor volume is computed on a slice-by-slice basis using MRI scans obtained at regular intervals. (3D)Slicer - a free platform for biomedical research - provides an alternative to this manual slice-by-slice segmentation process, ...
Haas Dietmar - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent to which the Enzian classification correlates with the revised American Society for Reproductive Medicine (rASRM) score and clinical symptoms in patients with deeply infiltrating endometriosis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Endometriosis competence center specializing in minimally invasive surgery. PATIENTS: Between ...
Cribier B - - 2013
Rosacea is a common facial dermatosis that is seldom biopsied; thus, histological aspects have not been well described. Biopsies are generally performed in the presence of atypical symptoms (e.g. granulomas). Differential diagnosis with sarcoidosis, lupus miliaris or lupus erythematosus is another indication for biopsy. There are few published studies addressing ...
Choi Kyeong-Sook - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Although engagement in productive activities is associated with favourable outcomes with respect to the health and well-being of older individuals, the association between such activities and depression in older populations remains relatively unexplored. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association among five productive activities (paid work, ...
Theos Alexander C - - 2013
Proteolytic fragments of the pigment cell-specific glycoprotein, PMEL, form the amyloid fibrillar matrix underlying melanins in melanosomes. The fibrils form within multivesicular endosomes to which PMEL is selectively sorted and that serve as melanosome precursors. GPNMB is a tissue-restricted glycoprotein with substantial sequence homology to PMEL but no known function, ...
Jayasinghe Suwan N - - 2013
Recent years have seen interest in approaches for directly generating fibers and scaffolds following a rising trend for their exploration in the health sciences. In this review the author wishes to briefly highlight the many approaches explored to date for generating such structures, while underlining their advantages and disadvantages, and ...
Emilsson L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown an increased risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in patients with coeliac disease (CD), despite the patients' lack of traditional IHD risk factors. AIM: To characterise IHD according to CD status. METHODS: Data on duodenal or jejunal biopsies were collected in 2006-2008 from all 28 pathology ...
Karuppagounder Saravanan S - - 2013
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) mediates a broad, conserved adaptive response to hypoxia, and the HIF pathway is a potential therapeutic target in cerebral ischemia. This study investigated the mechanism by which in vitro ischemia (oxygen-glucose deprivation; OGD) affects canonical hypoxic HIF-1α stabilization. We validated the use of a reporter containing the ...
He Min - - 2013
Superhydrophobic porous surfaces with hydrophilic polymers adsorbed in pores are designed to control the coalescing behavior of microdroplets as well as their quick self-removal. The combination of chemical composition and surface structure are greatly important in the design of new materials for heat exchange, antifogging, and anti-icing.
Saunders Keith - - 2013
1 I. 1 II. 3 III. 5 IV. 8 9 References 9 SUMMARY: This review discusses the varying roles that have been played by many plant-viral regulatory sequences and proteins in the creation of plant-based expression systems and virus particles for use in nanotechnology. Essentially, there are two ways of ...
Liu Gang - - 2013
We have been developing the methodology to discriminate the handedness and diameter of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) through molecular recognition using chiral diporphyrin nanotweezers. Although relatively small diameters of SWNTs (less than 1.0 nm) were recognized well, nanotweezers were not able to form stable complexes with the SWNTs having the ...
Hua Yawen - - 2013
Equilibrium geometries of AlnTi (n=2-24) clusters were studied using density-functional theory with generalized gradient approximation. The resulting geometries showed that the titanium atom remains on the surface of clusters for n<20, but is endohedrally doped from n=20. This structural transition confirms the previous experiment results obtained by studying their abilities ...
Lu Ying-Bo - - 2013
For the potential applications in spintronics, we examine systematically the electronic properties of group-V elements (X) doped ZnO to investigate the magnetic properties induced by X based on density functional theory calculations. Our results indicates that X atoms doped in the form of a substitutional X atom at an O ...
Gao Ya-Dong - - 2013
Objective. To investigate the role and underlying mechanisms of store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) in mediating the promoting effect of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 on the proliferation of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs). Methods. Rat bronchial smooth muscle cells were cultured as we described previously. The intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i)of ASMCs ...
Kanda Yoshinobu - - 2013
A previous Japanese study revealed that a human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-A or -B allele mismatch was associated with higher overall mortality, whereas an HLA-C or -DRB1 allele mismatch did not affect mortality after serologically matched unrelated bone marrow transplantation (BMT). This study reanalysed 3003 adult patients who underwent unrelated BMT ...
Wu Ji Hong - - 2013
We report a new capping-agent-free strategy for the synthesis of substrate-supported porous icosahedral Au nanoparticles (NPs) with rough naked surfaces, based on the crystallization from substrate-supported thin solution layers followed by solid-phase thermolysis. The plasmonic properties of icosahedral Au NPs have been studied using single particle dark-field scattering microscopy and ...
Sankoda Kenshi - - 2013
In this study, we hypothesize that natural photochemical reactions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in tidal flats are responsible for the occurrence of chlorinated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (Cl-PAHs). This study aims to survey the impact of photochemical reactions using a combination of field surveys and lab-scale experiments. Concentrations and profiles ...
Chen Jian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke hyperglycemia appears to be associated with poor outcome from stroke, greater mortality, and reduced functional recovery. Focal cerebral ischemia data support that neural stem cells (NSCs) play an important role in post-ischemic repair. Here we sought to evaluate the negative effects of hyperglycemia on the cellular biology of ...
Petrtyl Jaromir - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Nitric oxide is an important vasoactive mediator. Changes in NO production, caused by functional variants of both endothelial and inducible NO synthase (eNOS, iNOS), might play a role in portal hypertension. The aim was to study the significance of functional eNOS and iNOS gene variants in cirrhotic patients ...
Yin Jinjin - - 2013
We present here a highly selective and sensitive label-free method to detect Hg2+ ions in aqueous solution by using DNA molecular machine-based fluorescent Ag nanoclusters (AgNCs). This mechanism is based on the Hg2+ ions triggering machine-like operations of DNA and the "product" of the machine being used to stabilize fluorescent ...
Kern Delila J - - 2013
Both complement and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) contribute to the clinical efficacy of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy. Paradoxically, the C3b component of complement can block interaction between mAb and NK cells. The current studies compared the effect of complement on the ability of two anti-CD20 mAbs, rituximab and GA10, ...
Xu Linru - - 2013
Visualization and detection of latent fingerprints (LFPs) on metal surfaces are of highly practical importance, e.g., in identifying gun cartridges. We report herein the visualization of LFPs on stainless steel surfaces by electrochemiluminescence (ECL). Since organic residues, such as fatty acids, in the fingerprint deposit make the underlying surface electrochemically ...
Kim Min Hyeok - - 2013
An elastic network model (ENM), usually Cα coarse-grained one, has been widely used to study protein dynamics as an alternative to classical molecular dynamics simulation. This simple approach dramatically saves the computational cost, but sometimes fails to describe a feasible conformational change due to unrealistically excessive spring connections. To overcome ...
Sackett Loren C - - 2013
Introduced diseases can cause dramatic declines in-and even the loss of-natural populations. Extirpations may be followed by low recolonization rates, leading to inbreeding and a loss of genetic variation, with consequences on population viability. Conversely, extirpations may create vacant habitat patches that individuals from multiple source populations can colonize, potentially ...
Girolamo Francesco - - 2013
AIMS: Sporadic inclusion body myositis (s-IBM) is characterized by rimmed vacuole formation and misfolded protein accumulation. Intracellular protein aggregates are cleared by autophagy. When autophagy is blocked aggregates accumulate, resulting in abnormal rimmed vacuole formation. This study investigated the autophagy-lysosome pathway contribution to rimmed vacuole accumulation. METHODS: Autophagy was studied ...
Tsioli V - - 2013
Recurrent cervical sialoceles were diagnosed in four dogs associated with inadequate excision of the sublingual gland. Three dogs were managed by resection of the remnants of the sublingual gland via an oral approach. One dog was managed through a ventral approach as identification of the sublingual gland was not possible ...
Turalska Malgorzata - - 2013
The surprising social phenomena of the Arab Spring and the Occupy Wall Street movement posit the question of whether the active role of committed groups may produce political changes of significant importance. Under what conditions are the convictions of a minority going to dominate the future direction of a society? ...
Buckhurst Hetal - - 2013
PURPOSE: Anterior segment optical coherent tomography (AS-OCT) is used to further examine previous reports that ciliary muscle thickness (CMT) is increased in myopic eyes. With reference to temporal and nasal CMT, interrelationships between biometric and morphological characteristics of anterior and posterior segments are analysed for British-White and British-South-Asian adults with ...
Wheatley Nicole M - - 2013
Bacterial microcompartments (MCPs) are large proteinaceous structures comprised of a roughly icosahedral shell and a series of encapsulated enzymes. Experimental studies have characterized MCPs carrying out three different metabolic functions, and bioinformatics studies have implicated other types, including one believed to perform glycylradical-based metabolism of 1,2-propanediol (Grp). Here we report ...
Bonacquisti Alexa - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine intentions to engage in condom use and potential partner-related barriers to condom use, including intimate partner violence (IPV), low levels of sexual relationship power and perceptions of monogamy, among women at risk for HIV. BACKGROUND: In the United States, women account for approximately one in ...
Zinchuk Vadim - - 2013
Quantitative colocalization studies suffer from the lack of unified approach to interpret obtained results. We developed a tool to characterize the results of colocalization experiments in a way so that they are understandable and comparable both qualitatively and quantitatively. Employing a fuzzy system model and computer simulation, we produced a ...
Fernandez Juan P - - 2013
Aims: To establish success and complication rates of excimer laser coronary atherectomy (ELCA) in a contemporary series of patients with balloon failure during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of both chronic total occlusions (CTO) and lesions with distal TIMI 3 flow. Methods and results: We identified 58 cases of balloon failure ...
Santos H M - - 2013
In the present work we report a novel on-target protein cleavage method. The method utilizes ultrasonic energy and allows up to 20 samples to be cleaved in 5 minutes for protein identification and 1 sample in 30 s for on-tissue digestion. The standard proteins were spotted on a conductive glass ...
Dietz Hans Peter - - 2013
The investigation of female pelvic floor function and anatomy is moving from the fringes to the mainstream of urogynaecology and female urology, and it is becoming increasingly relevant for obstetrics. We are coming to realise that pelvic floor trauma in labour is common, usually overlooked, and a major factor in ...
Nilsson Anita - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop a theoretical understanding of the processes hindering person-centred care of older people with cognitive impairment in acute care settings. BACKGROUND: Although person-centred care with its holistic focus on the biopsychosocial needs of patients is commonly considered the gold standard care for older people with cognitive ...
Mezzenga Raffaele - - 2013
The aggregation of proteins is of fundamental relevance in a number of daily phenomena, as important and diverse as blood coagulation, medical diseases, or cooking an egg in the kitchen. Colloidal food systems, in particular, are examples that have great significance for protein aggregation, not only for their importance and ...
Chen Ying - - 2013
In this study, we sequenced and annotated the complete mitochondrial genome of Schizothorax waltoni (Cypriniformes:Cyprinidae). The mitogenome is 16,587 bp in length, which contains 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, and 2 non-coding regions: origin of light-strand replication (OL) and control region (D-loop). The overall nucleotide base composition ...
Chen Hongliang - - 2013
Molecular self-assembly is a promising technology for creating reliable functional films in optoelectronic devices with full control of thickness and even spatial resolution. In particular, rationally designed self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) play an important role in modifying the electrode/semiconductor and semiconductor/dielectric interfaces in field-effect transistors. Carbon nanomaterials, especially single-walled carbon nanotubes ...
Kalaitzakis Evangelos - - 2013
Abstract Background. Although muscle wasting may lead to decreased ammonia detoxification in cirrhosis, the potential role of lean mass depletion in hepatic encephalopathy (HE) has not been explored. Anemia, hormonal abnormalities, and psychological distress may contribute to cognitive dysfunction, but data on their potential relation to HE are limited. Methods. ...
Delaney Joshua P - - 2013
This study describes the synthesis of five novel C2-symmetric organocatalysts that facilitate the on-water asymmetric aldol reaction at low catalyst loading (1 mol%) without the use of additives. Each catalyst is composed of two diprolinamide units joined by a symmetric alkyl bridging group allowing for systematic modulation of catalytic site ...
Liu Xinran - - 2013
Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) are expected to be an important source for the formation of mineral-organic associations in soil. Since such formations affect the composition of mobile and immobile organic matter as well as the reactivity of minerals, we investigated the composition of EPS before and after adsorption to goethite. ...
Ting Yuen Ha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The data in the literature suggests that Methimazole (MMI)/Carbimazole (CMZ) embryopathy is rare. This study examined the incidence of CMZ embryopathy in the Hong Kong Chinese population and the factors associated with its development. METHODS: Of the 145 pregnant women with hyperthyroidism managed from 2008 to 2010, 29 (20%) ...
Ho Cherng-Rong - - 2013
We demonstrated a promising route to enhance the performance of inverted organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices by the incorporation of CuGaSe2 (CGS) quantum dots (QDs) into the ZnO buffer layer of P3HT:PCBM-based devices. The modification of QDs provides better band alignment between the organic/cathode interface, improves ZnO crystal quality, and increases ...
Mahony Andrew A - - 2013
To examine increased notifications of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in men who have sex with men (MSM) infected with HIV in Victoria, and evaluate HCV transmission risk factors other than injecting drug use. Case series through retrospective review of all HCV cases in Victoria from 1 April 2010 to 30 June 2011, with ...
Chen Zhaohui - - 2013
We reported a new application of silver nanoparticles (NPs) for the visual sensing of aromatic polyphenols, such as gallic acid, pyrogallol and tannic acid, which is based on the intensified plasmon absorbance signals and visual changes from yellow to orange due to hydrogen-bonding recognition and subsequent catalytic oxidation of the ...
Ananthakrishnan A N - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is increasing complexity in the management of patients with acute severe exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD; Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC)] with frequent requirement for urgent surgery. AIM: To determine whether a weekend effect exists for IBD care in the United States. METHODS: We used data ...
Hilbert Anja - - 2013
The Eating Disorder Examination adapted for children (ChEDE) is the child version of the semi-structured gold standard eating disorder interview for adults. This study was a comprehensive test statistic evaluation of the German ChEDE in a large sample of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa, binge eating disorder, loss of ...
Tang Dianping - - 2013
This work reports a novel electrochemical immunoassay protocol with signal amplification for determination of low-abundance protein (free prostate-specific antigen, PSA, used as a model) with high sensitivity and high selectivity by coupling metal sulfide (PbS)-based nanolabels with cleavage of the corresponding lead ion-induced DNAzymes. The assay mainly consists of an ...
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