Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 5189
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Golay Vishal - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in patients with vasculotoxic snake bite (SB) envenomation but hypopituitarism (HP) is an uncommonly reported complication. We conducted a prospective observational study on survivors of SB-AKI who were evaluated and followed up from September 2010 till September 2012. Pituitary function tests were done if ...
Ko Young-Guk - - 2013
This study was designed to compare neointimal hyperplasia and peri-stent arterial remodeling after implantation of everolimus-eluting stent (EES) versus sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). The study population was a subgroup of 278 patients from the EXCELLENT trial, a randomized study comparing EES to SES in de novo coronary ...
Rankin Lucille C LC The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, - - 2013
NKp46+ innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) serve important roles in regulating the intestinal microbiota and defense against pathogens. Whether NKp46+ ILCs arise directly from lymphoid tissue-inducer (LTi) cells or represent a separate lineage remains controversial. We report here that the transcription factor T-bet (encoded by Tbx21) was essential for the development ...
Pearl Sharrona - - 2013
This short essay provides an overview of the Visual Studies section of the special issue "Queer in the Clinic." Addressing the impact of visual culture on queer experiences in the clinic, the author offers thoughts on the graphic artwork of Edie Fake and Brain Cremins's essay included in this issue. ...
Beck Jochen J Institute of Biochemistry, ETH Zurich, Schafmattstrasse 18, 8093 Zurich, - - 2013
Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) critically regulates mitosis through its dynamic localization to kinetochores, centrosomes and the midzone. The polo-box domain (PBD) and activity of PLK1 mediate its recruitment to mitotic structures, but the mechanisms regulating PLK1 dynamics remain poorly understood. Here, we identify PLK1 as a target of the cullin ...
Elke G - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The optimal nutritional strategy remains controversial, particularly in severely septic patients. Our aim was to analyze the effect of three nutritional strategies-enteral (EN), parenteral (PN), and combined nutrition (EN+PN)-on the outcome of patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This secondary analysis of the prospective, randomized-controlled, ...
Zhou Kang K Artificial Organs Laboratory, Department of Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the biocompatibility of a newly developed long-term wearable artificial pump-lung (APL) in a clinically relevant ovine animal model. The wearable APL device was implanted in five sheep through left thoracotomy. The device was connected between the right atrium and pulmonary artery and ...
Dauxois Jean-Yves - - 2013
What population does the sample represent? The answer to this question is of crucial importance when estimating a survivor function in duration studies. As is well-known, in a stationary population, survival data obtained from a cross-sectional sample taken from the population at time [Formula: see text] represents not the target ...
Moghbeli Meysam - - 2013
Wnt signaling is an important evolutionary conserved pathway that is not only involved in determination of cellular development, self-renewal, and fate, but also has significant roles in tumor development and progression. Deregulation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and aberrant expression of its components is commonly observed in solid tumors. Such ...
Nahar Shamsun - - 2013
We identified a novel inter-genotype recombinant norovirus strain, Dhaka85/2011/BGD, collected from a stool specimen of a nine-month-old infant who was hospitalized with diarrhea. Molecular investigation and phylogenetic analysis classified its RNA polymerase gene as GII.4-like, which commonly circulates in humans. The capsid gene was classified as GII.21-like, most likely originated ...
Synnestvedt M - - 2013
Detection of disseminated tumour cells (DTCs) in bone marrow by immunocytochemistry (ICC) includes morphological evaluation of cytokeratin immunopositive cells. The aim of this study was to disclose the prognostic significance of different morphological categories of ICC-positive cells according to treatment status and tumour subtype. Bone marrow samples (at surgery) were ...
Nwamba Charles O - - 2013
We investigate the interaction of Ca2+ (0-500 µM) and a membrane mimic (0.60 mM SDS) with both the R- and mixed spin states hemoglobin S (HbS) as a function of time. These interactions were carried out at pH 5.0. We aim at ascertaining if there is or are differences in the UV-Visible ...
Hartung W - - 2013
Ultrasound has become an established imaging modality in rheumatology and is now indispensible in the clinical routine. In the last few years the technology has remarkably improved and new areas of application have been introduced. This review provides an overview of the innovations that are relevant in rheumatologic practice.
Jin Zhigeng - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of StentBoost Subtract (SBS) imaging on patient radiation dose during percutaneous coronary intervention. Data were prospectively collected between February 2010 and November 2012 at a tertiary cardiac catheterization. All patients who had scheduled for coronary stent implantation performed by one ...
da Silva Marcos Erick Rodrigues - - 2013
This work assessed the application of one- and two-stage mesophilic anaerobic systems to colour removal of sulphonated mono and diazo dyes with ethanol as electron donor. The dyes Congo Red (CR), Reactive Black 5 (RB5) and Reactive Red 2 (RR2) were selected as model compounds and tested separately in seven ...
Abrahamsson Niclas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is produced in the heart in response to stretching of the myocardium. BNP levels are negatively correlated to obesity, and in obese subjects, a reduced BNP responsiveness has been described. Diet-induced weight loss has been found to lower or to have no effect on BNP ...
Boelens Age D AD Department of Anesthesiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2013
Cardiac mitochondrial matrix (m) free Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]m) increases primarily by Ca(2+) uptake through the Ca(2+) uniporter (CU). Ca(2+) uptake via the CU is attenuated by extra-matrix (e) Mg(2+) ([Mg(2+)]e). How [Ca(2+)]m is dynamically modulated by interacting physiological levels of [Ca(2+)]e and [Mg(2+)]e and how this interaction alters bioenergetics are not ...
Pinto Dos Santos D - - 2013
Due to increasing amounts of data in radiology methods for image compression appear both economically and technically interesting. Irreversible image compression allows markedly higher reduction of data volume in comparison with reversible compression algorithms but is, however, accompanied by a certain amount of mathematical and visual loss of information. Various ...
Reece Albert Stuart - - 2013
Whilst there is a small literature on the cardiovascular toxicity of opiates, there is no detailed antemortem data on non-cardiovascular patient populations. A cross-sectional and longitudinal naturalistic observational study was performed comparing methadone (N = 71)-, buprenorphine (N = 593)-, naltrexone (N = 23)-treated patients with controls (N = 576) on indices of arterial stiffness and vascular age ...
Stern Martin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: H-Y proteins are ubiquitously expressed Y chromosome-encoded minor histocompatibility antigens, which are relevant in the transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCT) and solid organs. No studies have so far analyzed whether H-Y incompatibility influences the outcome of platelet (PLT) transfusion. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied the effect of ...
Winther Anne-Marie L - - 2013
The contraction and relaxation of muscle cells is controlled by the successive rise and fall of cytosolic Ca(2+), initiated by the release of Ca(2+) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum and terminated by re-sequestration of Ca(2+) into the sarcoplasmic reticulum as the main mechanism of Ca(2+) removal. Re-sequestration requires active transport and ...
Kawao Naoyuki - - 2013
The further development in research of bone regeneration is necessary to meet the clinical demand for bone reconstruction. Plasminogen is a critical factor of the tissue fibrinolytic system, which mediates tissue repair in the skin and liver. However, the role of the fibrinolytic system in bone regeneration remains unknown. Herein, ...
de la Peña June Bryan I - - 2013
The present study seeks to evaluate the sedative and anxiolytic effects of the 70 % ethanol extract of Sinomeni Caulis et Rhizoma (SR). The extract was orally administered to mice at dosages of 25, 50, 100, 200 or 400 mg/kg. The mice were then subjected to an array of behavioral tests to ...
Chatterjee Nilanjan - - 2013
We report a new method to estimate the predictive performance of polygenic models for risk prediction and assess predictive performance for ten complex traits or common diseases. Using estimates of effect-size distribution and heritability derived from current studies, we project that although 45% of the variance of height has been ...
Cimino Luca - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To characterise the polyspecific intraocular antibody synthesis in aqueous humor of patients with Fuchs uveitis and other types of non-infectious uveitis. METHODS: Aqueous and serum samples collected from 24 patients with Fuchs uveitis, 21 patients with non-infectious uveitis, and 27 healthy subjects undergoing elective cataract surgery (control group) were ...
Hennig Janosch - - 2013
Many processes in the regulation of gene expression and signaling involve the formation of protein complexes involving multi-domain proteins. Individual domains that mediate protein-protein and protein-nucleic acid interactions are typically connected by flexible linkers, which contribute to conformational dynamics and enable the formation of complexes with distinct binding partners. Solution ...
Yang Yongxia - - 2013
Esophageal carcinoma (EC) is one of the most common malignant tumors. EC survival has remained disappointingly low because of the high malignancy of esophageal cancer and the lack of obvious clinical symptoms at an early stage. Early diagnosis is often difficult because the small tumor nodules are frequently missed. Metabonomics ...
Müller-Lissner S - - 2013
Chronic constipation is a frequent condition often requiring pharmacological treatment. A number of laxatives that belong to very different pharmacological groups are available. Most relevant are the older representatives osmotic salts, sugars and sugar alcohols, macrogol, anthraquinones, diphenolic laxatives (bisacodyl and sodium picosulphate), and the newer compounds prucalopride and linaclotide. ...
Civitello David J - - 2013
Disease dynamics hinge on parasite transmission among hosts. However, canonical models for transmission often fit data poorly, limiting predictive ability. One solution involves building mechanistic yet general links between host behaviour and disease spread. To illustrate, we focus on the exposure component of transmission for hosts that consume their parasites, ...
Schofield Deborah J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The costs of arthritis to the individuals and the state are considerable. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of the base population of Health&WealthMOD, a microsimulation model of 45 to 64 year old Australians built on data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers and STINMOD, an ...
Bolos Marta - - 2013
β-amyloid (Aβ) can promote neurogenesis, both in vitro and in vivo, by inducing neural progenitor cells to differentiate into neurons. The choroid plexus in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is burdened with amyloid deposits and hosts neuronal progenitor cells. However, neurogenesis in this brain tissue is not firmly established. To investigate this ...
Lu Genmin - - 2013
Inhibitors of coagulation factor Xa (fXa) have emerged as a new class of antithrombotics but lack effective antidotes for patients experiencing serious bleeding. We designed and expressed a modified form of fXa as an antidote for fXa inhibitors. This recombinant protein (r-Antidote, PRT064445) is catalytically inactive and lacks the membrane-binding ...
Dörks Michael - - 2013
The off-label use of drugs in children and adolescents is widespread. In Germany, the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and other antidepressants (OADs) is not licensed for the treatment of depressive disorders in children and adolescents except for fluoxetine, which was approved in 2006. Against this background, antidepressant ...
Davies Charlotte - - 2013
BACKGROUND: It is widely recommended that health technology appraisals adopt a lifetime horizon to assess the relative costs and benefits of an intervention. However, most trials or clinical studies have relatively short follow-up periods, with the event of interest not occurring before the end of the study for many subjects. ...
Rezze Briano Di - - 2013
AIM: To increase research rigour and create a plausible way to assess clinical effectiveness, it is necessary to measure the degree to which interventions are delivered as intended (fidelity). Generic fidelity measures enable evaluation of more than one intervention through observation of unique and general characteristics relevant across interventions. This ...
Yadav Geetanjali - - 2013
The present work investigates the probable bioprocessing technique to mobilize the bound phenolics naturally found in finger millet cell wall for enriching it with dietary antioxidants. Comparative study was performed between the exogenous enzymatic treatment and solid-state fermentation of grain (SSF) with a food grade organism Rhizopus oryzae. SSF results ...
Thiele Ines I Center for Systems Biology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. - - 2013
Multiple models of human metabolism have been reconstructed, but each represents only a subset of our knowledge. Here we describe Recon 2, a community-driven, consensus 'metabolic reconstruction', which is the most comprehensive representation of human metabolism that is applicable to computational modeling. Compared with its predecessors, the reconstruction has improved ...
Nam Tai-Seung - - 2013
Human skeletal muscle channelopathies (HSMCs) are a group of heritable conditions with ion channel-related etiology and similar presentation. To create a comprehensive picture of the phenotypic spectrum for each condition and to devise a strategy that facilitates the differential diagnosis, we collected the genotype and phenotype information from more than ...
Tanimoto Yoshimi - - 2013
AIM: The present study aimed to determine the association of sarcopenia, defined by muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance, with functional disability from a 2-year cohort study of community-dwelling elderly Japanese people. METHOD: Participants were 743 community-dwelling elderly Japanese people aged 65 years or older. We used bioelectrical impedance ...
Minakata Kayoko - - 2013
A rapid determination method is presented for gold (Au3+) and platinum (Pt4+) in tissues using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-Q-TOF-MS). Au and Pt ions in wet-ashed tissue solution were reacted with diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC), and the resulting chelate complex ions Au(DDC)2 + and Pt(DDC)3 + were detected ...
Zhenying Zhang - - 2013
Background  Leukemia cutis (LC) represents a skin infiltration by leukemic cells. Clinically, it can mimic a wide variety of dermatoses. Methods  We report a case of LC presenting with a Sweet's syndrome-like eruption and a histiocytoid Sweet's syndrome histologic manifestation. Results  This case may represent distinct and important cutaneous and ...
Hautz Theresa - - 2013
Over 70 hands and 20 faces have been transplanted during the past 13 yr, which have shown good to excellent functional and esthetic outcomes. However, (skin) rejection episodes complicate the post-operative courses of hand and face transplant recipients and are still a major obstacle to overcome after reconstructive allotransplantation. This article ...
Toledo Juan D - - 2013
Reverse cholesterol transport is a process of high antiatherogenic relevance in which apolipoprotein AI (apoA-I) plays an important role. The interaction of apoA-I with peripheral cells produces through mechanisms that are still poorly understood the mobilization of intracellular cholesterol depots toward plasma membrane. In macrophages, these mechanisms seem to be ...
Castro Jack - - 2013
Psychiatry is clearly an integral part of medicine. With a history and physical exam (called the mental status exam in psychiatry), appropriate laboratory or imaging studies, a differential diagnosis is made. If a specific DSM-IV-TR diagnosis is made, then the treatment will naturally follow. The diagnoses are scientifically established with ...
Chae Sang Hoon - - 2013
Despite recent progress in producing transparent and bendable thin-film transistors using graphene and carbon nanotubes, the development of stretchable devices remains limited either by fragile inorganic oxides or polymer dielectrics with high leakage current. Here we report the fabrication of highly stretchable and transparent field-effect transistors combining graphene/single-walled carbon nanotube ...
Agretti Patrizia P Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale, Sezione di Endocrinologia, Università di Pisa, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Pisana, Pisa, - - 2013
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) due to thyroglobulin (TG) deficit is an autosomal recessive disease (OMIM #274700) characterized by hypothyroidism, goiter, low serum TG, and a negative perchlorate discharge test. The aim of this study was to perform the genetic analysis of the TG gene in two sisters born from consanguineus parents ...
Yanyu Xiao - - 2013
  Curcuminoid, a dietary polyphenolic compound, has poor water solubility and low bioavailability following oral administration. The aim of this study was to develop a formulation of curcuminoid-loaded microemulsion (Cur-ME) to improve its oral bioavailability. The optimized Cur-ME formulation was prepared by using labrafac lipophile WL 1349, cremophor® RH 40 and ...
Suesskind D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The establishment of long-term uveal melanoma (UM) cell lines is difficult. However, studying living cells and their behaviour in the presence of other cells and the extracellular matrix is important in terms of understanding tumour biology and malignant behaviour. We have established three UM cell lines and report a ...
Delpech Yann - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine the exportability of the criteria defined by the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0011 trial for selecting patients who are eligible for omitting completion axillary lymph node dissection (cALND) after a positive sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy result and to investigate whether not following the Z0011 ...
Sjölander Arvid - - 2013
A popular way to control for confounding in observational studies is to identify clusters of individuals (e.g., twin pairs), such that a large set of potential confounders are constant (shared) within each cluster. By studying the exposure-outcome association within clusters, we are in effect controlling for the whole set of ...
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