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Results 301 - 350 of 2912
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Tange Mio - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the compatibility of ozagrel sodium solution and calcium-containing transfusions using solubility product constants. We calculated the solubility product constant of mixtures of ozagrel sodium and calcium chloride and evaluated the compatibility of ozagrel sodium solution (both the original and generic products) with ...
Sanchez Juan Antonio - - 2013
Diverse agroecosystems offer phytophagous insects a wide choice of host plants. Myzus persicae is a polyphagous aphid common in moderate climates. During its life cycle it alternates between primary and secondary hosts. A spatial genetic population structure may arise due to environmental factors and reproduction modes. The aim of this ...
Nielsen Hans Linde - - 2013
Abstract Calprotectin (CP) is a calcium-binding cytosolic neutrophil protein and the concentration in feces reflects the migration of neutrophils into the gut lumen. Testing for fecal CP (f-CP) in patients with negative cultures for enteric pathogens is widely accepted as a useful screening tool for identifying patients who are most ...
Soeiro-de-Souza Márcio Gerhardt - - 2013
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a major public health problem characterized by progressive functional impairment. A number of clinical variables have been associated with progression of the disease, most notably number of affective episodes and presence of psychotic symptoms, both of which correlate with greater cognitive impairment, lower response rates for ...
Weiss R - - 2013
Interleukin-24 (IL-24), a member of the IL-10 cytokine family whose physiological function remains largely unknown, has been shown to induce apoptosis when expressed in an adenoviral background. It is yet little understood, why IL-24 alone induced apoptosis only in a limited number of tumor cell lines. Analyzing an influenza A ...
O'Donnell Michael P - - 2013
Abstract Despite the growth of evidence on the health and financial impact of workplace health promotion, experts in health policy and management are not aware of this evidence. To change this, we need to publish in their journals, speak at their conferences, and collaborate with them on evaluation and research. ...
Cawley D T - - 2013
The optimum cementing technique for the tibial component in cemented primary total knee replacement (TKR) remains controversial. The technique of cementing, the volume of cement and the penetration are largely dependent on the operator, and hence large variations can occur. Clinical, experimental and computational studies have been performed, with conflicting ...
Flores-Mir Carlos - - 2013
/st> The authors conducted a systematic review to consolidate the current knowledge regarding craniofacial morphological characteristics associated with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in nonsyndromic pediatric patients. /st> The authors included clinical studies in which participants were younger than 18 years, polysomnography was performed to determine the presence and severity ...
Chhabra H S - - 2013
Objective:To develop a web-based educational resource for health professionals responsible for the management of spinal cord injury (SCI).The resource:www.elearnSCI.org is comprised of seven learning modules, each subdivided into various submodules. Six of the seven modules address the educational needs of all disciplines involved in comprehensive SCI management. The seventh module ...
Buchmann Kurt - - 2013
SUMMARY Aquaculture, including both freshwater and marine production, has on a world scale exhibited one of the highest growth rates within animal protein production during recent decades and is expected to expand further at the same rate within the next 10 years. Control of diseases is one of the most ...
Raciti Patricia M - - 2013
Red blood cell exchange (RBCEx) is frequently used in the management of patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and acute chest syndrome or stroke, or to maintain target hemoglobin S (HbS) levels. In these settings, RBCEx is a category I or II recommendation according to guidelines on the use of ...
Kumavor Patrick D - - 2013
We present the design and construction of a prototype imaging probe capable of co-registered pulse-echo ultrasound and photoacoustic (optoacoustic) imaging in real time. The probe consists of 36 fibers of 200 micron core diameter each that are distributed around a commercial transvaginal ultrasound transducer, and housed in a protective shield. ...
Lyons Kelly - - 2013
The editors and publisher would like to inform the readers that the following article has been retracted from publication in The International Journal of Neuroscience: Kishali NF, Imamoglu O, Kaldirimci M, Akyol P, Yildirim K. Comparison of lipid and lipoprotein values in men and women differing in training status. Int ...
Crespo-Pérez Verónica - - 2013
Many regions are increasingly threatened by agricultural pests but suffer from a lack of data that hampers the development of adequate population dynamics models that could contribute to pest management strategies. Here, we present a new model relating pest survival to temperature and compare its performance with two published models. ...
Farhang Ghahremani M - - 2013
There is growing evidence that the p53 tumour suppressor downregulates vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, although the underlying mechanisms remain unclear and controversial. Here we provide insights from in vitro experiments and in vivo xenotransplantation assays that highlight a dual role for p53 in regulating VEGF during hypoxia. Unexpectedly, ...
Jack C M - - 2013
The practice of removing a well-fixed cementless femoral component is associated with high morbidity. Ceramic bearing couples are low wearing and their use minimises the risk of subsequent further revision due to the production of wear debris. A total of 165 revision hip replacements were performed, in which a polyethylene-lined ...
Vogt Kristy L - - 2013
The authors highlight a report of an American Dental Association Laboratory analysis of latex examination gloves that appears in Volume 8, Issue 1 of the online ADA Professional Product Review and present results of a pilot study of the watertightness of powder-free natural rubber latex examination gloves.
Yang Huan - - 2013
An unprecedented 3-D SHG-active metal-organic framework (MOF) of silver(i), Ag-Amidn () (HAmidn: 2-amino-4,5-imidazoledicarbonitrile), has been successfully prepared by employing the new single ligand. The cooperative coordination of the imidazole and carbonitrile N atoms leads to the chiral triple helices accounting for the noncentrosymmetric space group, which are linked together to ...
Okmen Bilal - - 2013
α-Tomatine is an antifungal glycoalkaloid that provides basal defense to tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). However, tomato pathogens overcome this basal defense barrier by the secretion of tomatinases that degrade α-tomatine into the less fungitoxic compounds β-tomatine and tomatidine. Although pathogenic on tomato, it has been reported that the biotrophic fungus Cladosporium ...
Torigoe Tsukasa - - 2013
This is the first report of a coronary artery with an anomalous origin from the proper sinus resulting in ischemic events in a child. Transthoracic echocardiogram, computed tomogram, and coronary angiogram revealed that, although the left main coronary trunk originated from the left sinus, its ostium was displaced horizontally and ...
Roy Lise - - 2013
Pesticide applications have a strong impact on biodiversity in agroecosystems. The present study aimed to assess the impact of pest control strategies on the arthropodofauna of Parus major nests built within nestboxes installed in orchards. Unlike many studied groups, these arthropod communities are not in direct contact with pesticide sprays ...
Okitsu Takashi - - 2013
Halogen bond: The choice of the iodonium complex of pyridines, either IPy2 PF6 or I(coll)2 PF6 (Py=pyridine; coll=2,4,6-trimethylpyridine), was crucial for controlling the iodocyclization/oxidation sequence of α-propargylic glycine derivatives. This reagent-controlled system enabled switchable access to 2,3-dihydropyrroles and pyrroles.
Du Zhi-Yan - - 2013
A family of six genes encoding acyl-CoA-binding proteins (ACBPs), ACBP1-ACBP6, has been characterized in Arabidopsis thaliana. In this study, we demonstrate that ACBP1 promotes abscisic acid (ABA) signaling during germination and seedling development. ACBP1 was induced by ABA, and transgenic Arabidopsis ACBP1-over-expressors showed increased sensitivity to ABA during germination and ...
Garber A J - - 2013
Most physicians are comfortable with initiating basal insulin replacement therapy in their patients with type 2 diabetes who are no longer meeting treatment goals with oral antidiabetic agents. What is more challenging is what to do when treatment goals are no longer being met despite adequate titration of basal insulin. ...
Crowell Elizabeth Faris - - 2013
When a cell divides, it produces two daughter cells initially connected by a cytokinesis bridge, which is eventually cut through abscission. One of the two daughter cells inherits a bridge "remnant", which has been proposed to be degraded by autophagy. The fate and function of remnants is attracting increasing attention, ...
Bohgaki M - - 2013
The serine threonine kinase checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2) is a DNA damage checkpoint protein important for the ATM-p53 signaling pathway. In addition to its phosphorylation, CHK2 is also ubiquitylated, and both post-translational modifications are important for its function. However, although the mechanisms that regulate CHK2 phosphorylation are well established, those ...
Madan S S - - 2013
We present our experience of the modified Dunn procedure in combination with a Ganz surgical dislocation of the hip to treat patients with severe slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). The aim was to prospectively investigate whether this technique is safe and reproducible. We assessed the degree of reduction, functional outcome, ...
Zelle Kathleen M - - 2013
Degenerin/epithelial sodium channels (DEG/ENaC) represent a large family of animal-specific membrane proteins. Although the physiological functions of most family members are not known, some have been shown to act as nonvoltage gated, amiloride-sensitive sodium channels. The DEG/ENaC family is exceptionally large in genomes of species relative to vertebrates and other ...
Khalil Hanan - - 2013
Diabetic neuropathy is the most common complication of diabetes as it affects a significant number of patients. The management of patients with diabetic neuropathy is complicated by several factors including the varied symptoms and response to the various treatments available. Strict blood glucose control remains the key to the management ...
Vogtmann Emily - - 2013
Low socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with abnormal expression of p53 in breast cancer, but this relationship has not been evaluated for colorectal cancer (CRC). A cohort of CRC patients was evaluated to determine if SES is associated with abnormal p53 expression. The study population consisted of 249 patients ...
Cankaya Cem - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate whether there are alterations in total macular volume (TMV) and foveal retinal thickness (FT) values during pregnancy. Methods: This study included 60 healthy pregnant women in their first, second, and third trimester (groups 1, 2, and 3) and 20 nonpregnant women (group 4). TMV and FT ...
Garcia Agustin - - 2013
Bevacizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal IgG1 antibody that targets vascular endothelial growth factor-A, and is indicated in the treatment of various tumors (colon, lung, renal, and glioblastoma). It has been recently approved for the treatment of ovarian cancer in various countries. This review summarizes the activity and toxicity of ...
Jheng Jyun-Fong - - 2013
A high organic field-effect transistor mobility (0.29 cm2 V-1 s-1 ) and bulk-heterojunction polymer solar cell performance (PCE of 6.82%) have been achieved in a low bandgap alternating copolymer consisting of axisymmetrical structural units, 5,6-difluorobenzo-2,1,3-thiadiazole. Introducing the fluorine substituents enhanced intermolecular interaction and improved the solid-state order, which consequently resulted ...
Foster Stephen R - - 2013
In biomedical applications, nanoparticles have demonstrated the potential to eradicate abnormal cells in small localized pathological zones associated with cancer or infections. Here, we introduce a method for nanotechnology-based photothermal (PT) killing of whole organisms considered harmful to humans or the environment. We demonstrate that laser-induced thermal, and accompanying nano- ...
Chen Chia-Yu - - 2013
To estimate the net effect of climate change on natural populations, we must take into account the positive and negative effects of temperature oscillations and climate variability. Warming because of climate change will likely exceed the physiological optima of tropical insects, which currently live very close to their thermal optima. ...
Tateno Morihiro - - 2013
This epidemiological survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of Hepatozoon, Babesia and Theileria infection in the Iriomote cat (IC) and the Tsushima leopard cat (TLC). Blood samples from 43 ICs and 14 TLCs were collected between November 2002 and January 2012. Polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing analyses detected ...
Macleod K - - 2013
Clinicians are often asked by patients, "When can I drive again?" after lower limb injury or surgery. This question is difficult to answer in the absence of any guidelines. This review aims to collate the currently available evidence and discuss the factors that influence the decision to allow a patient ...
Mai Xiaodan - - 2013
/st> Smoking is associated with tooth loss. However, smoking's relationship to the specific reason for tooth loss in postmenopausal women is unknown. /st> Postmenopausal women (n = 1,106) who joined a Women's Health Initiative ancillary study (The Buffalo OsteoPerio Study) underwent oral examinations for assessment of the number of missing ...
Bradshaw Rosie E - - 2013
Plant pathogens use a complex arsenal of weapons, such as toxic secondary metabolites, to invade and destroy their hosts. Knowledge of how secondary metabolite pathways evolved is central to understanding the evolution of host specificity. The secondary metabolite dothistromin is structurally similar to aflatoxins and is produced by the fungal ...
Sun Li-Li - - 2013
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a neuropeptide and its receptor is extensively expressed throughout the brain. MCH has been suggested to regulate the rewarding and reinforcing effects of psychostimulants by potentiating the dopaminergic system within the midbrain. Moreover, MCH and its receptor can regulate ERK activity. The present study investigated the ...
Chen Mao - - 2013
Two approaches have been developed for the regiospecific continuous-flow synthesis of 1-substituted benzotriazoles. They begin with either an SN Ar reaction at high temperature or Pd catalysis and involve consecutive multiphase processes, allowing the multistep synthesis of benzotriazoles to take place in an efficient manner.
Sainio S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical usefulness of maternal anti-HPA-1a antibody levels in predicting severe foetomaternal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FMAIT). BACKGROUND: Recent studies using an international anti-HPA-1a standard have shown a correlation between maternal antibody levels and neonatal thrombocytopenia. Cut-off values for identifying high-risk pregnancies have also been suggested. MATERIALS: In 1986-2010, ...
Pellanda Hélène - - 2013
Abstract Carcinogenesis is a multi-step and multifactorial process. It includes genetic, epigenetic, nutritional and environmental factors, which are closely interconnected. Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the most frequent and lethal cancers. Imbalance in the S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) concentration, the main methyl group donor, strongly influences the development of HCC. Key ...
Tilgner Hagen - - 2013
Precise identification of RNA-coding regions and transcriptomes of eukaryotes is a significant problem in biology. Currently, eukaryote transcriptomes are analyzed using deep short-read sequencing experiments of complementary DNAs. The resulting short-reads are then aligned against a genome and annotated junctions to infer biological meaning. Here we use long-read complementary DNA ...
Fernández Mariana S - - 2013
The incidence of onychomycosis due to non-dermatophyte moulds (NDM) is increasing. Aspergillus terreus is relatively undocumented as an agent of this fungal infection. The aim of this work is to show the prevalence of onychomycosis caused by A. terreus and to describe its clinical features. Nail samples were collected for ...
Haefeli Jenny - - 2013
Imaging studies have identified a wide network of brain areas activated by nociceptive stimuli and revealed differences in somatotopic representation of highly distinct stimulation sites (foot vs. hand) in the primary (S1) and secondary (S2) somatosensory cortices. Somatotopic organization between adjacent dermatomes and differences in cortical coding of similarly perceived ...
Stürzer T - - 2013
We report the structural and magnetic phase transitions of triclinic Ca10(FeAs)10(Pt3As8), which is the parent compound of the 1038-type iron-arsenide superconductors. High-resolution x-ray diffraction reveals splitting of the in-plane (a,b) lattice parameters at Ts ≈ 120 K. Platinum-doping weakens the distortion and shifts the transition temperature to 80 K in Ca10(Fe1-xPtxAs)10(Pt3As8) with x = 0.03. μSR ...
Fang Jian - - 2013
A joint experimental/theoretical study has been carried out on the putative MMA polymerization catalyzed by an yttrium isopropyloxide complex. Despite its high activity in lactone polymerization, this catalyst is found to be unreactive on methyl methacrylate (MMA) polymerization. This surprising result is rationalized using a computational approach at the DFT ...
Yang Shubin - - 2013
Graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets are extracted, produced via simple liquid-phase exfoliation of a layered bulk material, g-C3 N4 . The resulting nanosheets, having ≈2 nm thickness and N/C atomic ratio of 1.31, show an optical bandgap of 2.65 eV. The carbon nitride nanosheets are demonstrated to exhibit excellent photocatalytic activity ...
Herron Matthew D - - 2013
Biology needs a concept of individuality in order to distinguish organisms from parts of organisms and from groups of organisms, to count individuals and compare traits across taxa, and to distinguish growth from reproduction. Most of the proposed criteria for individuality were designed for 'unitary' or 'paradigm' organisms: contiguous, functionally ...
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