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Song Fengyan - - 2013
A novel chiral ionic polymer exhibits high fluorescence enantioselectivity towards α-amino acid anions, and its solution appears bright green upon addition of (l)-α-amino acid anions, which can be clearly observed by the naked eye for direct visual enantioselective recognition.
Ravuri Chandra - - 2013
Abstract The enzymes γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) have important roles in glutathione (GSH) homeostasis, and both are frequently upregulated after acute oxidative stress. Mitochondria are major producers of ROS, and incubating the colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29 cells with mitochondrial uncouplers significantly increased both endogenous ROS as ...
Oidtmann B - - 2013
Farmed and wild salmonids are affected by a variety of skin conditions, some of which have significant economic and welfare implications. In many cases, the causes are not well understood, and one example is cold water strawberry disease of rainbow trout, also called red mark syndrome, which has been recorded ...
Pellissier Loïc - - 2013
Understanding drivers of biodiversity patterns is of prime importance in this era of severe environmental crisis. More diverse plant communities have been postulated to represent a larger functional trait-space, more likely to sustain a diverse assembly of herbivore species. Here, we expand this hypothesis to integrate environmental, functional and phylogenetic ...
Parvathaneni Rajiv K - - 2013
Pearl millet is one of the most important subsistence crops grown in India and sub-Saharan Africa. In many cereal crops, reduced height is a key trait for enhancing yield, and dwarf mutants have been extensively used in breeding to reduce yield loss due to lodging under intense management. In pearl ...
Liu Pan - - 2013
The investigation of a series of oxygen-deficient EuO thin films provided strong evidence that the doped electrons form magnetic polarons with the nearby Eu 4f spins; this is responsible for the enhanced Curie temperature observed near 140 K. Unlike in the previous magnetic polaron models proposed for the metal-to-insulator transition in ...
Vallotton Pascal - - 2013
The ability to correctly track objects in time-lapse sequences is important in many applications of microscopy. Individual object motions typically display a level of dynamic regularity reflecting the existence of an underlying physics or biology. Best results are obtained when this local information is exploited. Additionally, if the particle number ...
Xiao Meng - - 2013
A functional device to mimic the beetles of the genus Stenus is fabricated. A superhydrophobic hull is employed to replace the body of the beetles, with an attached reservoir to store low-surface-energy compounds to mimic the beetle's pygidial gland, and a pH-responsive mesh acts as its gland end, whose locomotion ...
Rivi Marco - - 2013
Esterase-based resistance in the peach-potato aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), is generally due to one of two alternative amplified carboxylesterase genes, E4 or FE4 (fast E4). The E4 amplified form is distributed worldwide and it is correlated with a particular translocation between autosomes 1 and 3, whereas the FE4 form, which ...
Chen Ying-Lien - - 2013
The pathogenic yeast , which is causing an outbreak in the Pacific Northwest region of North America, causes life-threatening pulmonary infections and meningoencephalitis in healthy individuals, unlike , which commonly infects immunocompromised patients. In addition to a greater predilection for to infect healthy hosts, the genome sequence project revealed extensive ...
Xu Yanqing - - 2013
The self-assembly procedure of a Dawson-type polyoxotungstate with pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate (H2pdc) and copperII ions produces an exquisite supramolecular aggregation. In the structure, a neutral cucurbit[n]uril-like metal-organic macrocycle is formed of six copper centers and six pdc2- ligands, while a pair of Dawson-type polyoxotungstates are linked to the bottom and top portals ...
Bondici V F - - 2013
AIMS: To describe the diversity and metabolic potential of microbial communities in uranium mine tailings characterized by high pH, high metal concentration and low permeability. METHODS AND RESULTS: To assess microbial diversity and their potential to influence the geochemistry of uranium mine tailings using aerobic and anaerobic culture-based methods, in ...
Zhang Lei - - 2013
A simple and efficient Ru-catalyzed conjugate addition reaction of arylboronic acids to alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones under neutral conditions without any additional ligands has been developed. This Ru(II)-catalytic system fulfilled both the inhibition of the beta-hydride elimination in the catalytic cycle, and minimized the protonolysis of arylboronic acids.
Petratos D V - - 2013
McFarland fractures of the medial malleolus in children, also classified as Salter-Harris Type III and IV fractures, are associated with a high incidence of premature growth plate arrest. In order to identify prognostic factors for the development of complications we reviewed 20 children with a McFarland fracture that was treated surgically, ...
Rutkoski Jessica E - - 2013
Genomic selection, a breeding method that promises to accelerate rates of genetic gain, requires dense, genome-wide marker data. Genotyping-by-sequencing can generate a large number of markers. However, without a reference genome, these markers are unordered and typically have a large proportion of missing data. Because marker imputation algorithms were developed ...
Hadziabdic Emina - - 2013
The aim of this descriptive commentary is to improve communication in healthcare when an interpreter is used by providing practical advice to healthcare staff when they consider using interpreters. This descriptive commentary considered the issues of preparation and implementation of interpretation sessions to reveal the complexities and dilemmas of an ...
Nassif Mohammed O - - 2013
Anorectal soft tissue tumors are uncommon and often present both diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Although many of these tumors are identified with imaging performed for unrelated reasons, most present with nonspecific symptoms that can lead to a delay in diagnosis. Historically, radical surgery (abdominoperineal resection) has been the mainstay of ...
Rao Aparna - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objectives: To establish a normative database for retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in children<18 years by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods: Children <18 years, who were consecutively enrolled from July-August 2011 in this cross-sectional hospital study, underwent Cirrus SD-OCT. Recorded demographics and clinical characteristics included age, sex, ...
Khattak Muhammad - - 2013
Metastatic melanoma is one of the most challenging malignancies to treat and often has a poor outcome. Until recently, systemic treatment options were limited, with poor response rates and no survival advantage. However, the treatment of metastatic melanoma has been revolutionized by developments in targeted therapy and immunotherapy; the BRAF ...
Chareancholvanich K - - 2013
Patient-specific cutting guides (PSCGs) are designed to improve the accuracy of alignment of total knee replacement (TKR). We compared the accuracy of limb alignment and component positioning after TKR performed using PSCGs or conventional instrumentation. A total of 80 patients were randomised to undergo TKR with either of the different ...
Yuksel Dilek - - 2013
ABSTRACT This case report describes the management of a 17-year-old woman with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) with bilateral mature cataract, conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma in the left eye (OS) and a cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma on her nose. To our knowledge, this is the first reported XP case with a cataract ...
Li Yiming - - 2013
Three alkyne-containing pyrrolysine derivatives were synthesized and genetically encoded into proteins by a mutant PylRS-tRNA pair with high efficiencies. With these alkyne handles, site-specific dual labeling of proteins can be achieved via a bioorthogonal thiol-yne ligation reaction.
Zinman Bernard - - 2013
Basal insulin analog therapy is the most common method of introducing insulin replacement therapy for the majority of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Long-acting insulin analogs provide relatively peakless and more physiologic insulin replacement therapy than neutral protaminated Hagedorn insulin. Recently 2 new basal insulin analogs have been developed ...
Rahman R - - 2013
PurpseTo describe the incidence and features of intraoperative retinal breaks caused by induction of posterior hyaloid face (PHF) separation during 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV).MethodsA prospective, consecutive, single surgeon, observational study of patients undergoing 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy for macular pathology or floaters, was carried out between 2009 and 2011 ...
Gabardi Steven - - 2013
Objective-To review the components of the Congressional mandate for risk evaluation and mitigation strategies (REMS) managed by the Food and Drug Administration and assess their impact on health care providers practicing within the organ transplant arena.Data Sources and Extraction-A non-date-limited search of MEDLINE and EMBASE (January 2007-June 2012) was conducted ...
Corral-Santana J M - - 2013
Stellar-mass black holes (BHs) are mostly found in x-ray transients, a subclass of x-ray binaries that exhibit violent outbursts. None of the 50 galactic BHs known show eclipses, which is surprising for a random distribution of inclinations. Swift J1357.2-093313 is a very faint x-ray transient detected in 2011. On the ...
Mulvey Robert E - - 2013
This perspective article takes an alternative look at alkali-metal-mediated chemistry (exchange of a relatively inert C-H bond for a more reactive C-metal bond by a multicomponent reagent usually containing an alkali metal and a less electropositive metal such as magnesium or zinc). It pictures that the cleavage of selected C-H ...
Abodunde Oladapo A - - 2013
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Colchicine is an anti-inflammatory agent used primarily in treatment of gout and familial Mediterranean fever. Toxicity is uncommon, and depends on dose, hepatic or renal impairment, co-administration with P-glycoprotein or CYP3A4 inhibitors and route of administration. In patients taking p-glycoprotein inhibitors, maximum recommended dose is ...
- - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility, results and challenges of screening patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) for tuberculosis (TB) within the healthcare setting of six DM clinics in tertiary hospitals across India. METHOD: Agreement on how to screen, monitor and record the screening was reached in October 2011 at a national ...
Li Wenyao - - 2013
The rational design and fabrication of more multi-component (material-combination) 3D hierarchical heterostructures for high-performance pseudocapacitor applications still remains a challenge. Herein, we have designed and synthesized a 3D hierarchical heterostructure of MnO2 nanosheets or nanorods grown on an Au-coated Co3O4 porous nanowall array, resembling a sandwich configuration of Co3O4@Au@MnO2, by ...
Roemer Enid C - - 2013
Abstract Purpose. The study aim was to determine the utility of and satisfaction with a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Web-based employer tool, CDC's LEAN Works!, which provides evidence-based recommendations and promising practices for obesity prevention and control at worksites. Design. This study examined employers' natural usage (i.e., ...
Glick Michael - - 2013
The JADA Editor urges dentists to engage in dialogue with patients regarding health information gathered from the Internet to promote a positive patient-provider relationship.
Kim B S - - 2013
We report the incidence and intensity of persistent pain in patients with an otherwise uncomplicated total ankle replacement (TAR). Arthroscopic debridement was performed in selected cases and the clinical outcome was analysed. Among 120 uncomplicated TARs, there was persistent pain with a mean visual analogue scale (VAS) of 2.7 (0 ...
Lu Ellen - - 2013
When contemplating a pregnancy, women treated for multiple sclerosis (MS) with a disease-modifying drug must decide to discontinue their medication before conception or risk exposing their unborn child to potential drug toxicity. Few studies exist as reference for patients and physicians, and of those available, the majority are less than ...
Munn Zachary - - 2013
Assistants have been utilised worldwide in healthcare as a means to ensure the provision of adequate and efficient healthcare in the midst of increased pressures on health services for many years. This review aimed to synthesise available qualitative evidence regarding the appropriateness of strategies used to establish the health assistant ...
Zhu Yue - - 2013
Peritoneal metastasis is a significant clinical challenge; life expectancy following diagnosis is usually very short. Surgical cytoreduction with HIPEC is being used with increasing frequency in selected patients; most outcome data have shown that prolonged median survivals can be observed in selected patients. This review summarizes the published data related ...
Chatterjee Susanta - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) control following combined routes of adjuvant bevacizumab with trabeculectomy in refractory neovascular glaucoma. Methods: From June 2011 to December 2011, 5 consecutive cases of neovascular glaucoma with persistent raised IOP on maximal medical treatment underwent adjuvant bevacizumab by combined routes (subconjunctival (SC) ...
Manuel Jennifer I - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study explored the range of interventions and the use of more intrusive techniques by staff of assertive community treatment (ACT) teams to promote engagement, manage problem behaviors, and reinforce positive behaviors among patients. Individual and organizational characteristics that may be associated with these practices were identified. METHODS Between ...
Andreou N - - 2013
Aim: To determine whether tonsillectomy improves quality of life in adults suffering from chronic or recurrent tonsillitis. Method: A systematic literature search of the Medline and Pubmed databases was conducted in order to identify all relevant studies measuring quality of life directly. Results and Conclusion: Eight studies were identified. The ...
Li Ji - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Passive surveillance for congenital anomalies using birth certificates are generally considered to have biased reporting, though the sources of those biases are not well-known nor controlled for. We have analyzed the congenital anomaly reporting data for 418,385 live births in West Virginia (1990-2009) from the 1989 US standard birth ...
Marchesano Valentina - - 2013
Gold nanoparticles have emerged as novel safe and biocompatible tools for manifold applications, including biological imaging, clinical diagnostics and therapeutics. The understanding of the mechanisms governing their interaction with living systems may help the design and development of new platforms for nanomedicine. Here we characterized the dynamics and kinetics of ...
Grunberger G - - 2013
Insulin replacement therapy corrects a core defect of diabetes pathophysiology. Since its introduction as a therapeutic modality almost 100 years ago, insulin therapy has undergone remarkable changes in purity and ability to provide more physiologic control of blood glucose levels. With glucose-lowering potential limited only by risks of hypoglycaemia, which ...
Jackson T L - - 2013
AimTo report the vitreoretinal (VR) surgical case mix in the United Kingdom, the intraoperative complication rate of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), and the incidence of post-vitrectomy cataract extraction.MethodsParticipating hospitals prospectively collected ophthalmic data using a single electronic medical record system, with automatic extraction of anonymised data to a national database. ...
Karwalajtys Tina - - 2013
Abstract Purpose. To determine the feasibility of a community-wide approach integrated with primary care (Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program [CHAP]) to promote monitoring of blood pressure (BP) and awareness of cardiovascular disease risk. Design. Demonstration project. Setting. Two midsized Ontario communities. Participants. Community-dwelling seniors. Intervention. CHAP sessions were offered in pharmacies ...
Klatte T O - - 2013
There have been only a few small studies of patients with an infected shoulder replacement treated with a single-stage exchange procedure. We retrospectively reviewed 35 patients (19 men and 16 women) with a peri-prosthetic infection of the shoulder who were treated in this way. A total of 26 were available for ...
Tedeschi Gioacchino - - 2013
Advances in imaging have provided further insights into the complex migraine pathophysiology. Functional neuroimaging by means of PET and functional MRI studies have addressed crucial migraine-related issues, improving our understanding of the circuitry that may be involved in the generation, maintenance and recurrence of pain symptoms in migraine. In the ...
Poh Chee Lien - - 2013
Nursing inter-shift handover remains an important traditional ritual in nursing. Timely and effective handover of critical information ensure continuity of patient care and safe delivery. This project took place in a tertiary mental health institution in Singapore. The project aims to (i) examine existing handover practices/process in the tertiary mental ...
Weiss Guy A - - 2013
Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) activation involves the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and plays an important role in cell survival signaling in pancreaticobiliary cancer. EGFR gene mutations have been correlated with clinical response to EGFR inhibitors in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. This study examined the prevalence of PIK3CA and ...
Katz Anne - - 2013
During the past decade, as a sexuality counselor at a large regional cancer center, I have heard many emotions expressed during counseling sessions. I have witnessed the vulnerability of men as those whose physical size suggests strength and power crumble in the face of the fallout from cancer. I have ...
Schwarz J P - - 2013
The effect of anthropogenic black carbon (BC) aerosol on snow is of enduring interest due to its consequences for climate forcing. Until now, too little attention has been focused on BC's size in snow, an important parameter affecting BC light absorption in snow. Here we present first observations of this ...
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