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Vitetta Luis - - 2013
Uremia is an illness that accompanies kidney failure and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Uremic illness is considered to be due largely to the accumulation of organic waste products that are normally cleared by the kidneys. However, uremic retention solutes are generated in part in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), with the ...
Li Bin - - 2013
Induction of Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis in cancer cells represents an alternative approach for cancer therapy. Whether fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2)-induced survival signals may interact with ER stress signalling in cancer cells remains elusive. In this work, we showed that pretreatment with FGF-2 decreased the inhibition of DNA ...
Zhang Chun - - 2013
Porous materials: Triptycene-based main-chain organometallic microporous polymers (MOMPs) bearing bis(NHC)-palladium species were synthesized and displayed excellent recoverable catalytic activity in catalyzing Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions.
Cole Martin G - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: Detection of long-term care (LTC) residents at risk of delirium may lead to prevention of this disorder. The primary objective of this study was to determine if the presence of one or more Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) core symptoms of delirium at baseline assessment predicts incident delirium. Secondary ...
Ruan Jia-Ling - - 2013
The high water content of hydrogels allows these materials to closely mimic native biological extracellular conditions, but it also makes difficult the histological preparation of hydrogel-based bioengineered tissue. Paraffin-embedding techniques require dehydration of hydrogels, resulting in substantial collapse and deformation, while cryosectioning is hampered by the formation of ice crystals ...
Brennan S A - - 2013
Focal femoral inlay resurfacing has been developed for the treatment of full-thickness chondral defects of the knee. This technique involves implanting a defect-sized metallic or ceramic cap that is anchored to the subchondral bone through a screw or pin. The use of these experimental caps has been advocated in middle-aged ...
Enck Paul - - 2013
Our understanding of the mechanisms mediating or moderating the placebo response to medicines has grown substantially over the past decade and offers the opportunity to capitalize on its benefits in future drug development as well as in clinical practice. In this article, we discuss three strategies that could be used ...
Grossbard Joel R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE Although many risk behaviors peak during young adulthood, little is known about health risk factors and access to care. This study assessed health indicators and health care access in a national sample of young adult veterans and civilians. METHODS Data were from the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, ...
Straits-Troster Kristy - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and helpfulness of implementation of multifamily group treatment for traumatic brain injury (TBI) among veterans who sustained a TBI during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and their families or caregivers. METHODS Veterans and their family members who participated in an open clinical ...
Bergholt Mads Sylvest - - 2013
ABSTRACT. We report on the development of a novel multiplexing Raman spectroscopy technique using a single laser light together with a volume phase holographic (VPH) grating that simultaneously acquires both fingerprint (FP) and high wavenumber (HW) tissue Raman spectra at endoscopy. We utilize a customized VPH dual-transmission grating, which disperses ...
Chen Yun-Sheng - - 2013
Photoacoustic imaging can be used to guide and validate the therapeutic outcome of nanoparticle-mediated photothermal therapy through its ability to visualize the delivery of nanoparticle contrast agents, image the temperature distribution inside living tissue, and confirm tissue coagulation. In this image-guided process, temperature mapping plays a critical role for thermal ...
Kulkarni G B - - 2013
This investigation deals with the production of IAA by a bacterial isolate Pantoea dispersa strain GPK (PDG) identified by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. HPLC and Mass spectral analysis of metabolites from bacterial spent medium revealed that, IAA production by PDG is Trp-dependent and follows indole-3-pyruvic acid (IPyA) pathway. Substrate ...
Milligan D J - - 2013
With greater numbers of younger patients undergoing total hip replacement (THR), the effect of patient age on the diameter of the femoral canal may become more relevant. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the diameter of the diaphysis of the femoral canal with increasing age in a large ...
Song Fengyan - - 2013
A novel chiral ionic polymer exhibits high fluorescence enantioselectivity towards α-amino acid anions, and its solution appears bright green upon addition of (l)-α-amino acid anions, which can be clearly observed by the naked eye for direct visual enantioselective recognition.
Ravuri Chandra - - 2013
Abstract The enzymes γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) have important roles in glutathione (GSH) homeostasis, and both are frequently upregulated after acute oxidative stress. Mitochondria are major producers of ROS, and incubating the colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29 cells with mitochondrial uncouplers significantly increased both endogenous ROS as ...
Oidtmann B - - 2013
Farmed and wild salmonids are affected by a variety of skin conditions, some of which have significant economic and welfare implications. In many cases, the causes are not well understood, and one example is cold water strawberry disease of rainbow trout, also called red mark syndrome, which has been recorded ...
Pellissier Loïc - - 2013
Understanding drivers of biodiversity patterns is of prime importance in this era of severe environmental crisis. More diverse plant communities have been postulated to represent a larger functional trait-space, more likely to sustain a diverse assembly of herbivore species. Here, we expand this hypothesis to integrate environmental, functional and phylogenetic ...
Parvathaneni Rajiv K - - 2013
Pearl millet is one of the most important subsistence crops grown in India and sub-Saharan Africa. In many cereal crops, reduced height is a key trait for enhancing yield, and dwarf mutants have been extensively used in breeding to reduce yield loss due to lodging under intense management. In pearl ...
Liu Pan - - 2013
The investigation of a series of oxygen-deficient EuO thin films provided strong evidence that the doped electrons form magnetic polarons with the nearby Eu 4f spins; this is responsible for the enhanced Curie temperature observed near 140 K. Unlike in the previous magnetic polaron models proposed for the metal-to-insulator transition in ...
Vallotton Pascal - - 2013
The ability to correctly track objects in time-lapse sequences is important in many applications of microscopy. Individual object motions typically display a level of dynamic regularity reflecting the existence of an underlying physics or biology. Best results are obtained when this local information is exploited. Additionally, if the particle number ...
Xiao Meng - - 2013
A functional device to mimic the beetles of the genus Stenus is fabricated. A superhydrophobic hull is employed to replace the body of the beetles, with an attached reservoir to store low-surface-energy compounds to mimic the beetle's pygidial gland, and a pH-responsive mesh acts as its gland end, whose locomotion ...
Rivi Marco - - 2013
Esterase-based resistance in the peach-potato aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), is generally due to one of two alternative amplified carboxylesterase genes, E4 or FE4 (fast E4). The E4 amplified form is distributed worldwide and it is correlated with a particular translocation between autosomes 1 and 3, whereas the FE4 form, which ...
Chen Ying-Lien - - 2013
The pathogenic yeast , which is causing an outbreak in the Pacific Northwest region of North America, causes life-threatening pulmonary infections and meningoencephalitis in healthy individuals, unlike , which commonly infects immunocompromised patients. In addition to a greater predilection for to infect healthy hosts, the genome sequence project revealed extensive ...
Xu Yanqing - - 2013
The self-assembly procedure of a Dawson-type polyoxotungstate with pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate (H2pdc) and copperII ions produces an exquisite supramolecular aggregation. In the structure, a neutral cucurbit[n]uril-like metal-organic macrocycle is formed of six copper centers and six pdc2- ligands, while a pair of Dawson-type polyoxotungstates are linked to the bottom and top portals ...
Bondici V F - - 2013
AIMS: To describe the diversity and metabolic potential of microbial communities in uranium mine tailings characterized by high pH, high metal concentration and low permeability. METHODS AND RESULTS: To assess microbial diversity and their potential to influence the geochemistry of uranium mine tailings using aerobic and anaerobic culture-based methods, in ...
Zhang Lei - - 2013
A simple and efficient Ru-catalyzed conjugate addition reaction of arylboronic acids to alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones under neutral conditions without any additional ligands has been developed. This Ru(II)-catalytic system fulfilled both the inhibition of the beta-hydride elimination in the catalytic cycle, and minimized the protonolysis of arylboronic acids.
Petratos D V - - 2013
McFarland fractures of the medial malleolus in children, also classified as Salter-Harris Type III and IV fractures, are associated with a high incidence of premature growth plate arrest. In order to identify prognostic factors for the development of complications we reviewed 20 children with a McFarland fracture that was treated surgically, ...
Rutkoski Jessica E - - 2013
Genomic selection, a breeding method that promises to accelerate rates of genetic gain, requires dense, genome-wide marker data. Genotyping-by-sequencing can generate a large number of markers. However, without a reference genome, these markers are unordered and typically have a large proportion of missing data. Because marker imputation algorithms were developed ...
Hadziabdic Emina - - 2013
The aim of this descriptive commentary is to improve communication in healthcare when an interpreter is used by providing practical advice to healthcare staff when they consider using interpreters. This descriptive commentary considered the issues of preparation and implementation of interpretation sessions to reveal the complexities and dilemmas of an ...
Nassif Mohammed O - - 2013
Anorectal soft tissue tumors are uncommon and often present both diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Although many of these tumors are identified with imaging performed for unrelated reasons, most present with nonspecific symptoms that can lead to a delay in diagnosis. Historically, radical surgery (abdominoperineal resection) has been the mainstay of ...
Rao Aparna - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objectives: To establish a normative database for retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in children<18 years by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods: Children <18 years, who were consecutively enrolled from July-August 2011 in this cross-sectional hospital study, underwent Cirrus SD-OCT. Recorded demographics and clinical characteristics included age, sex, ...
Khattak Muhammad - - 2013
Metastatic melanoma is one of the most challenging malignancies to treat and often has a poor outcome. Until recently, systemic treatment options were limited, with poor response rates and no survival advantage. However, the treatment of metastatic melanoma has been revolutionized by developments in targeted therapy and immunotherapy; the BRAF ...
Chareancholvanich K - - 2013
Patient-specific cutting guides (PSCGs) are designed to improve the accuracy of alignment of total knee replacement (TKR). We compared the accuracy of limb alignment and component positioning after TKR performed using PSCGs or conventional instrumentation. A total of 80 patients were randomised to undergo TKR with either of the different ...
Yuksel Dilek - - 2013
ABSTRACT This case report describes the management of a 17-year-old woman with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) with bilateral mature cataract, conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma in the left eye (OS) and a cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma on her nose. To our knowledge, this is the first reported XP case with a cataract ...
Li Yiming - - 2013
Three alkyne-containing pyrrolysine derivatives were synthesized and genetically encoded into proteins by a mutant PylRS-tRNA pair with high efficiencies. With these alkyne handles, site-specific dual labeling of proteins can be achieved via a bioorthogonal thiol-yne ligation reaction.
Zinman Bernard - - 2013
Basal insulin analog therapy is the most common method of introducing insulin replacement therapy for the majority of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Long-acting insulin analogs provide relatively peakless and more physiologic insulin replacement therapy than neutral protaminated Hagedorn insulin. Recently 2 new basal insulin analogs have been developed ...
Gabardi Steven - - 2013
Objective-To review the components of the Congressional mandate for risk evaluation and mitigation strategies (REMS) managed by the Food and Drug Administration and assess their impact on health care providers practicing within the organ transplant arena.Data Sources and Extraction-A non-date-limited search of MEDLINE and EMBASE (January 2007-June 2012) was conducted ...
Corral-Santana J M - - 2013
Stellar-mass black holes (BHs) are mostly found in x-ray transients, a subclass of x-ray binaries that exhibit violent outbursts. None of the 50 galactic BHs known show eclipses, which is surprising for a random distribution of inclinations. Swift J1357.2-093313 is a very faint x-ray transient detected in 2011. On the ...
Mulvey Robert E - - 2013
This perspective article takes an alternative look at alkali-metal-mediated chemistry (exchange of a relatively inert C-H bond for a more reactive C-metal bond by a multicomponent reagent usually containing an alkali metal and a less electropositive metal such as magnesium or zinc). It pictures that the cleavage of selected C-H ...
Abodunde Oladapo A - - 2013
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Colchicine is an anti-inflammatory agent used primarily in treatment of gout and familial Mediterranean fever. Toxicity is uncommon, and depends on dose, hepatic or renal impairment, co-administration with P-glycoprotein or CYP3A4 inhibitors and route of administration. In patients taking p-glycoprotein inhibitors, maximum recommended dose is ...
- - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility, results and challenges of screening patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) for tuberculosis (TB) within the healthcare setting of six DM clinics in tertiary hospitals across India. METHOD: Agreement on how to screen, monitor and record the screening was reached in October 2011 at a national ...
Li Wenyao - - 2013
The rational design and fabrication of more multi-component (material-combination) 3D hierarchical heterostructures for high-performance pseudocapacitor applications still remains a challenge. Herein, we have designed and synthesized a 3D hierarchical heterostructure of MnO2 nanosheets or nanorods grown on an Au-coated Co3O4 porous nanowall array, resembling a sandwich configuration of Co3O4@Au@MnO2, by ...
Roemer Enid C - - 2013
Abstract Purpose. The study aim was to determine the utility of and satisfaction with a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Web-based employer tool, CDC's LEAN Works!, which provides evidence-based recommendations and promising practices for obesity prevention and control at worksites. Design. This study examined employers' natural usage (i.e., ...
Glick Michael - - 2013
The JADA Editor urges dentists to engage in dialogue with patients regarding health information gathered from the Internet to promote a positive patient-provider relationship.
Kim B S - - 2013
We report the incidence and intensity of persistent pain in patients with an otherwise uncomplicated total ankle replacement (TAR). Arthroscopic debridement was performed in selected cases and the clinical outcome was analysed. Among 120 uncomplicated TARs, there was persistent pain with a mean visual analogue scale (VAS) of 2.7 (0 ...
Lu Ellen - - 2013
When contemplating a pregnancy, women treated for multiple sclerosis (MS) with a disease-modifying drug must decide to discontinue their medication before conception or risk exposing their unborn child to potential drug toxicity. Few studies exist as reference for patients and physicians, and of those available, the majority are less than ...
Munn Zachary - - 2013
Assistants have been utilised worldwide in healthcare as a means to ensure the provision of adequate and efficient healthcare in the midst of increased pressures on health services for many years. This review aimed to synthesise available qualitative evidence regarding the appropriateness of strategies used to establish the health assistant ...
Zhu Yue - - 2013
Peritoneal metastasis is a significant clinical challenge; life expectancy following diagnosis is usually very short. Surgical cytoreduction with HIPEC is being used with increasing frequency in selected patients; most outcome data have shown that prolonged median survivals can be observed in selected patients. This review summarizes the published data related ...
Chatterjee Susanta - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) control following combined routes of adjuvant bevacizumab with trabeculectomy in refractory neovascular glaucoma. Methods: From June 2011 to December 2011, 5 consecutive cases of neovascular glaucoma with persistent raised IOP on maximal medical treatment underwent adjuvant bevacizumab by combined routes (subconjunctival (SC) ...
Manuel Jennifer I - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study explored the range of interventions and the use of more intrusive techniques by staff of assertive community treatment (ACT) teams to promote engagement, manage problem behaviors, and reinforce positive behaviors among patients. Individual and organizational characteristics that may be associated with these practices were identified. METHODS Between ...
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