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Results 351 - 400 of 2332
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Bansal Raman - - 2013
In insects, the enzyme trehalase plays a crucial role in energy metabolism, chitin synthesis and possibly during plant-insect interactions. We have characterized a soluble trehalase gene (Tre-1) from cDNA of Aphis glycines, a serious migratory pest of soybean. The full-length cDNA of Tre-1 in A. glycines (AyTre-1) was 2550 bp long ...
Radha Boya - - 2013
Three-dimensional hierarchical patterning of metals is of paramount importance in diverse fields involving photonics, controlling surface wettability and wearable electronics. Conventionally, this type of structuring is tedious and usually involves layer-by-layer lithographic patterning. Here, we describe a simple process of direct nanoimprint lithography using palladium benzylthiolate, a versatile metal-organic ink, ...
Kontos C K - - 2013
The human tissue kallikrein (KLK1) and kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) are secreted serine proteases with diverse expression patterns and physiological roles in different systems, including the digestive system. The aberrant expression of KLK s in gastrointestinal malignancies as well as their implication in carcinogenesis including cell growth regulation, angiogenesis, invasion, and ...
O'Brien Paul - - 2013
Background: Distressing visual hallucinations (VH) are frequently present in schizophrenia. Despite their prevalence, limited research exists regarding effective clinical interventions. Cognitive models of VH state that distress results from threat appraisals of the hallucination. Method: This individual case study describes the use of a graded exposure approach following the discovery ...
Hosseini Morteza Tavakkoli - - 2013
BACKGROUND: HeartMate II (HM II) and HeartWare (HW) Left Ventricular Assist Devices have been successfully used in end-stage heart failure patients as a bridge to transplantation, recovery, or decision. We set out to compare their effect in off-loading the left ventricle and its geometry. METHODS: The left ventricular end diastolic ...
Treede R-D - - 2013
Abstract The capsaicin 8% cutaneous patch is an emergent new treatment option for patients with peripheral neuropathic pain. In randomized controlled clinical studies relevant pain relief for 12 weeks was achieved in about one third of patients following a single application. The first part of this paper is a review ...
Piccinelli Marina - - 2013
The aim of the present work is to quantitatively assess the three-dimensional distributions of the displacements experienced during the cardiac cycle by the luminal boundary of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and to correlate them with the local bulk hemodynamics. Ten patients were acquired by means of time resolved computed tomography, ...
Trafford Crump R - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To assess the Threshold Technique's (TT) feasibility in community-wide surveys of U.S. Medicare beneficiaries' preferences for end-of-life (EOL) care options. STUDY SETTING: Study participants were community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries in four different regions in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: During personal interviews, participants considered four EOL scenarios, each presenting a ...
Hong Sahwan - - 2013
Comparison between piezoelectric force microscopy images and current-voltage data consecutively obtained using conductive atomic force microscopy below transition voltages for a highly oriented ferroelectric BiFeO3 nano-island confirms that ferroelectric polarization reversal induces transitions of forward-direction, and thus down- and up-polarization is accompanied by positive- and negative-forward diode-like behavior, respectively.
Caughey Gillian E - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effect of antidepressant use on persistence with newly initiated oral antidiabetic medicines in older people. METHODS: A retrospective study of administrative claims data from the Australian Government Department of Veterans' Affairs, from 1 July 2000 to 30 June 2008 of new users of ...
Orós J - - 2013
We describe the morphologic and toxicological findings in a case of pansteatitis in a stranded loggerhead sea turtle Caretta caretta. At necropsy, a large amount of adipose tissue in the celomic cavity showing very firm, yellow to orange irregular formations was observed. Histological lesions ranged from the infiltration of necrotic ...
Patel Nishant - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Complete device and lead removal is recommended for management of infected implantable cardiac device. Management of large lead vegetation (2 cm) is still in debate. METHODS: We report a series of patients involving percutaneous extraction of large vegetations (>2 cm) from ICD/pacing leads using the AngioVac Cannula in patients with infective ...
Hata Yuichiro - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Excessive wound contraction apparently inhibits maxillary growth; thus, myofibroblast apoptosis needs to be accelerated in mucoperiosteal denudation after palatoplasty. The aim of this study was to evaluate myofibroblast apoptosis during wound healing in mucoperiosteal denudation of rat palates immediately after post-operative administration of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). ...
Varshney Ekta - - 2013
Identification of polymorphism of cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) enzymes in different ethnic populations is important to understand the differences in clinical responses to drugs. This study determines the CYP2C9 genetic polymorphism in Indian National Capital Region and correlates the phenotype-genotype. Losartan (25 mg) was administered to 107 volunteers to assess CYP2C9 ...
Hui Christy L M - - 2013
AIM: Psychotic disorders incur substantial long-term burdens to patients and society. Early intervention (EI) during the initial years of psychotic disorders can improve long-term outcome. In Hong Kong, a pilot EI programme (EASY, Early Assessment Service for Young people with psychosis) had been set up since 2001 to serve clients ...
Mune Tomoatsu - - 2013
Type 2 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase encoded by the HSD11B2 gene converts cortisol to inactive cortisone and thus protects the mineralocorticoid receptor from cortisol exposure. Impaired activity of this enzyme leads to mineralocorticoid excess, suggesting HSD11B2 as a candidate locus for patients at risk of developing low renin or salt-sensitive essential hypertension. ...
van Dijk Christel E - - 2013
In The Netherlands, the remuneration system for GPs changed in 2006. Before the change, GPs received a capitation fee for publicly insured patients and fee for service (FFS) for privately insured patients. In 2006, a combined system was introduced for all patients, with elements of capitation as well as FFS. ...
Stolee Jessica A - - 2013
Ambient ionization methods for mass spectrometry have enabled the in situ and in vivo analysis of biological tissues and cells. When an etched optical fiber is used to deliver laser energy to a sample in laser ablation electrospray ionization (LAESI) mass spectrometry, the analysis of large single cells becomes possible. ...
Zhang Jingchun - - 2013
Emulsions stabilized by clay particles and sorbitan monooleate (Span 80) were investigated, and an abnormal phase inversion was observed by increasing the concentration of clay particles in the aqueous phase. At a fixed concentration of Span 80 in the oil phase, the emulsions were oil-in-water (o/w) when the concentration of ...
Xu Gang - - 2013
Five novel dinuclear platinum(II) complexes with a new chiral ligand, 3-(2-amino-cyclohexylamino)-propionic acid (HP), were designed, prepared and spectrally characterized. The in vitro cytotoxicities of these compounds were evaluated against the HepG-2, MCF-7, A549, and HCT-116 cell lines. The results indicated that all compounds showed cytotoxicity towards the HepG-2 cell line. ...
Rossato M - - 2013
Vitamin E possesses potent beneficial effects on mammalian spermatogenesis and sperm quality. Subjects affected by cerebellar ataxia due to congenital isolated vitamin E deficiency (AVED) show vitamin E deficiency caused by a selective impaired gastrointestinal absorption of vitamin E for a mutation in the gene for α-tocopherol transfer protein leading ...
Yazdani Neema - - 2013
Neurons and glia of the medicinal leech CNS express different subsets of the 21 innexin genes encoded in its genome. We report here that the punctal distributions of fluorescently-tagged innexin transgenes varies in a stereotypical pattern depending on the innexin expressed. Furthermore, whereas certain innexins co-localize extensively (INX1 and INX14), ...
Mi Liwei - - 2013
A series of nickel sulfide nanocrystallines with hierarchical structures was successfully fabricated in situ on a nickel substrate. The nanocrystalline materials with three dimensional (3D) structures were synthesized via self-assembly under moderate conditions, with ethylenediamine and ethylene glycol as the mixed solvents. The structure and morphology of each nickel sulfide ...
Saridomichelakis Manolis N - - 2013
Background: Clindamycin is frequently used for the treatment of bacterial pyoderma. Objective: To compare the pharmacokinetics of clindamycin in whole skin homogenates of normal dogs when administered orally at two dosage regimens (5.5 mg/kg BW, twice daily and 11 mg/kg BW, once daily). Animals and Methods: Skin biopsies were obtained from six ...
Meier Susanne - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of cow genetic strain on fatty acid (FA) profiles in adipose tissue and milk. Adipose samples from two subcutaneous (shoulder and tail-head) and three visceral (kidney channel, mesenteric and omental) depots were obtained post mortem from New Zealand (NZ; n = 8) ...
Pugh Jonathan - - 2013
The debate concerning the moral permissibility of using human embryos in human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research has long centred on the question of the embryo's supposed right to life. However, in focussing only on this question, many opponents to hESC research have escaped rigorous scrutiny by making vague and ...
Zhang Lin - - 2013
A comparative theoretical investigation into the change in strength of the trigger-bond upon formation of the Na+, Mg2+ and HF complexes involving the nitro group of RNO2 (R =  -CH3, -NH2, -OCH3) or the C = C bond of (E)-O2N-CH = CH-NO2 was carried out using the B3LYP and MP2(full) methods with the 6-311++G**, 6-311++G(2df,2p) and ...
Saini Ashish P - - 2013
Occult coronary artery obstruction can be a late source of morbidity and mortality following the arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries. We describe a case of undiagnosed left coronary ostial obstruction in a teenager which may have contributed to perioperative ventricular dysfunction and subsequent mortality following a ...
Trushina Naomi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In fungi, environmental pH is an important signal for development, and successful host colonization depends on homeostasis. Surprisingly, little is known regarding the role of pH in fungal-fungal interactions. Species of Trichoderma grow as soil saprobes but many are primarily mycotrophic, using other fungi as hosts. Therefore, Trichoderma spp. ...
Maleki Sara - - 2013
The ASCO/CAP Expert Panel recommends that all invasive breast carcinomas and breast cancer recurrences be tested for ER, PR and HER-2 expression. The guidelines for testing of surgical specimens by immunohistochemistry (IHC) are well defined, whereas they are lacking for cytological samples. We evaluated various fixation protocols for optimal receptor ...
Wu Zunyou - - 2013
While the global HIV incidence dropped about 20 % in the past 10 years, HIV incidences among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Asia and Europe continue to increase and to account for high proportions of new HIV infections among PWID globally. Great changes have been observed in this region, such as ...
Ooi S Q - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Visfatin is an adipokine, associated with obesity and possibly glucose regulation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association of visfatin and its genetic variants with adiposity, cardiometabolic risk factors and obesity-related morbidities in obese children. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scan, fasting blood ...
Ghatak Sumanta Kumar - - 2013
The three aromatic amino acids, tyrosine, tryptophan and phenylalanine, play different physiological roles in life processes. Metal ions capable of binding these amino acids may aid in the reduction of effective concentration of these amino acids in any physiological system. Here we have studied the efficacy of some heavy metals ...
Halder A - - 2013
Dark-coloured semen is rarely observed in men with nonobstructive azoospermia in absence of genital tract bleeding. Dark-coloured semen is also observed rarely in men with spinal cord injury with or without genital tract bleeding. However, this condition has not been reported in the literature in absence of genital tract bleeding ...
Piechnik Agnieszka - - 2013
Angiogenesis has been shown to substantially contribute to the progression of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) represents a receptor for VEGF, which has been reported to be overexpressed in several malignancies. In our study, we characterized mRNA levels of VEGF receptors including NRP1 in a large cohort of CLL ...
Gozen Oguz - - 2013
Nicotine is a highly addictive drug and exerts its effect partially through causing dopamine release, thereby increasing intrasynaptic dopamine levels in the brain reward systems. Dopaine D1 receptor (DRD1) mRNAs and receptors are localized in reward-related brain regions, which receive cholinergic input. The aim of this study is to evaluate ...
Zalewska Anna - - 2013
Abstract Objective. It should be expected that type 1 diabetes mellitus may disturb innate and acquired immunity. There are no data on type 1 diabetes mellitus-related changes in the salivary flow and the protein output responsible for the innate immunity of saliva depending on the quality of dentition reflecting the ...
Franić Tomislav - - 2013
AIMS: Suicidal ideation and sleep-related problems are associated with many common psychopathological entities in early adolescence. This study examined possible association between suicidal ideation and sleep-related problems. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in classroom settings at 840 early adolescents 11-13 years of age. Of those, 791 adolescents fully completed ...
Saadeddin Anas - - 2013
Lactococcus lactis is modified to express a fibronectin fragment (FNIII7-10 ) as a membrane protein. This interphase, based on a living system, can be further exploited to provide spatio-temporal factors to direct cell function at the material interface. This approach establishes a new paradigm in biomaterial surface functionalization for biomedical ...
Cai Huanxin - - 2013
An effective, green, and facile approach to synthesize gold nanoparticle-loaded protein-polysaccharide nanogels was developed in this study. Biocompatible gold nanoparticle-loaded lysozyme-dextran (Au@Lys-Dex) nanogels were produced using lysozyme-dextran nanogels as reducing and stabilizing agents. Lysozyme-dextran nanogels have a size of about 200 nm and a structure of lysozyme core and dextran ...
Nagaoka Eiki - - 2013
Purpose: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common complication of cardiac surgery that is associated with an increased incidence of other complications. The goal of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the effect of ultra-low dose landiolol hydrochloride for prevention of AF after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods: ...
Wei Yueteng - - 2013
A terbium based fluorescent probe was synthesized by coordinating terbium ions with a designed oligonucleotides (5'-ATATGGGGGATAT-3', termed GH5). GH5 improved the fluorescence of terbium ions by four orders of magnitude. The fluorescence enhancement of terbium ions by different oligonucleotides sequences indicated that the polyguanine loop of the hairpin GH5 is ...
Saxena Ankur - - 2013
Photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy performed on arrays of semiconductor nanowires (NWs) suffers from ensemble broadening of PL lines, and fails to separate the PL from NWs of different crystal structures in the ensemble. Even the results on PL from single NWs are not devoid of ambiguity. This is because the influence ...
Bellido-Milla Dolores - - 2013
Graphite powder-based electrodes have the electrochemical performance of quasi-noble metal electrodes with intrinsic advantages related to the possibility of modification to enhance selectivity and their easily renewable surface, with no need for hazardous acids or bases for their cleaning. In contrast with commercial electrodes, for example screen-printed or sputtered-chip electrodes, ...
Nonaka Michihito - - 2013
A rare case of an aneurysmal Kommerell's diverticulum in a right-sided aortic arch was successfully treated using a hybrid procedure comprising total arch replacement and percutaneous stent grafting. A 65-year-old man with dysphagia was diagnosed with an ectatic right-sided aortic arch and a saccular aneurysm of the Kommerell's diverticulum. Since ...
Vieira Ines Dos Santos - - 2013
Open your ring: Aluminum salalen complexes are used to initiate the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of rac-lactide (LA). Reaction pathway of the LA isomers was elucidated by a detailed computational study, which revealed that small changes in the catalytic "bag" implicate the change in induced tacticity.
Han Sang Hoon - - 2013
Microchannels are fabricated using a photosensitive polymer to which microporosity is tuned with different X-ray doses. Using hard X-ray irradiation, the micropattern is positioned with various geometries in a multi-level, three-dimensional structure, while controlling the pore size and transport properties of small molecules. This highly reliable fabrication process has potential ...
Wallin Ewa - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe relatives' experiences of needing support and information and of the impact on everyday life six months after a significant other survived cardiac arrest treated with therapeutic hypothermia at an intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: Being the relative of a cardiac arrest patient has been described as ...
Spellman Elizabeth - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The development and increased use of genomic profiling has led to refinement of breast cancer treatment. This study sought to examine medical and surgical oncologists' perceptions of factors related to the translation and integration of Oncotype DX® (Genomic Health, Inc., Redwood City, CA, USA) into routine clinical care. METHODS: ...
Machado Guimarães Suzana - - 2013
Fibropapillomatosis is a disease characterized by cutaneous tumors affecting all marine turtle species, but mostly Chelonia mydas. The disease was first reported in 1938, and since then, the number of sightings has been increasing over the years. This disease can cause many complications in the affected animal and can lead ...
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