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Soma Hiroaki - - 2013
Chorangiosis is microscopically designated as more than ten terminal capillaries within the villous stroma of the placenta and is mostly related to chronic fetal hypoxia. However, the histogenetic relationship between increased number of terminal villous capillaries and chronic hypoxia has not yet been clarified. Of 665 placentas histologically examined at ...
Petersen Morten Aa - - 2013
PURPOSE: Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms associated with cancer and its treatment. To obtain a more precise and flexible measure of fatigue, the EORTC Quality of Life Group has developed a computerized adaptive test (CAT) measure of fatigue. This is part of an ongoing project developing a ...
Halsby K D - - 2013
'Orphan' zoonotic diseases attract disproportionately low scientific and public health attention for the impact that they can have. This article pulls together information on their health burden in the UK from routine and enhanced data sources. These diseases are heterogeneous in nature; some have very low case numbers (e.g. hydatid ...
Noack Johannes - - 2013
The utilisation of magnesium and aluminium fluoride nanoparticles in the preparation of transparent composites leading to materials with superior properties was investigated. Nanoscopic magnesium and aluminium fluoride has been prepared by the fluorolytic sol-gel route from the alkoxides and was surface modified by the reaction with trifluoroacetic acid or perfluorobutyric ...
Senbanjo Idowu O - - 2013
Excessive central fat in children and adolescents is a risk factor for cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. This study aimed to compare the body fat distribution patterns of children and adolescents in Abeokuta, Nigeria with international reference standards. Five hundred seventy children aged 5 to 19 years were selected from seven ...
Zhao Ruirui - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK, EC 2.7.11.24) cascade from several plant species has been shown to be activated during response to abiotic stress. Ethylene plays an important role in fruit tolerance to environmental stress. However, the mechanisms by which MAPK regulates defence systems in fruit and the relationship between MAPK ...
Oishi Yoshifumi - - 2013
Background: The aim of the present study was to detect earlier the negative effect of cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors on left atrial (LA) and left ventricular (LV) function related to abdominal aortic (AAO) stiffness using 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) in asymptomatic patients. Methods and Results: One hundred and twelve patients with CVR ...
Shimmyo Takuo - - 2013
An 86-year-old woman with a history of right breast cancer resected seven years ago had a small pulmonary nodule located in left S5. Diagnosis was made by bronchoscopy using the endobronchial ultrasonography-guided sheath (EBUS-GS) method, but a histological diagnosis was not obtained. Wedge resection was performed due to suspicion of ...
Hori Daijiro - - 2013
We report on a successful configuration strategy of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO) in two consecutive cases of acute lung injury. A 60-year-old woman with Streptococcus pneumoniae infection and a 22-year-old man with hemothorax were admitted to our hospital with failing lungs. Although treatment with a ventilator was started, oxygenation could not ...
Cheng Yunfeng Y Department of Chemistry, Center for Diagnostics and Therapeutics, and Center for Biotechnology and Drug Design, Georgia State University, P.O. Box 4098, Atlanta, GA 30302-4098, - - 2013
Post-synthesis modification of DNA is an important way of functionalizing DNA molecules. Herein, we describe a method that first enzymatically incorporates a cyanobenzothiazole (CBT)-modified thymidine. The side-chain handle CBT can undergo a rapid and site-specific cyclization reaction with 1,2-aminothiols to afford DNA functionalization in aqueous solution. Another key advantage of ...
Farah B Q - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: Aerobic exercise training is frequently used to reduce risk factors for cardiovascular disease in obese adolescents. However, there is no consensus on how the intensity of exercise affects blood pressure and heart rate variability (HRV). WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: The current study shows ...
Richards-Hrdlicka Kathryn L - - 2013
The amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is an emerging infectious fungal pathogen of amphibians and is linked to global population declines. Until now, there has only been 1 survey for the fungus in the northeastern USA, which focused primarily on northern New England. We tested for Bd in a ...
Moffat Jonathan G - - 2013
The increasing use of high throughput methods, coupled with the need to develop approaches to anticipate long term stability issues, has necessitated the introduction of testing approaches whereby extremely small samples may be rapidly analysed. A novel method is described whereby the UV light-induced degradation of single particles of a ...
Palmer Sheri P - - 2013
AIM: This study explores the characteristics of professional nursing work environments that may affect nursing turnover and satisfaction within a large Ecuadorian hospital. BACKGROUND: Nursing turnover is a challenge and may compromise patient care. Work dissatisfaction contributes to high turnover. Improving nurse satisfaction can contribute to better patient outcomes. METHOD: ...
White Tonya - - 2013
AIM: Working memory deficits have been shown to be present in children and adolescents with schizophrenia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Considering the differences in clinical characteristics between these disorders, it was the goal of this study to assess differences in the specific components of working memory in children and ...
Jun Ahn Sun - - 2013
We report the first case of the intercostal neurilemmoma showing a unique growth pattern in the lateral chest wall (both inside and outside the thoracic cavity). Usually, intrathoracic neurilemmoma is found in the posterior mediastinum and bulge from the inner surface of the bony thorax toward the thoracic cavity. This ...
Paduch Jan-Hendrik - - 2013
Several mastitis-causing pathogens are able to colonize the bovine teat canal. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between the treatment of sawdust bedding with a commercial alkaline conditioner and the bacterial counts on teat skin and in the teat canal. The study used a crossover design. ...
Pandey Prem C - - 2013
Mixed metal-hexacyanoferrates (MHCF) have shown promising applications for technological development particularly in energy storage technologies, ferromagnetic materials, and electrode materials. However, the challenge of controlling their chemical synthesis, solubility, polycrystallinity and nanogeometry have restricted the practical implementation of MHCF in commercial designs. Further, MHCFs have shown potential as peroxidase mimetics. ...
Marinho Alexsandro Fernandes - - 2013
des-7'-O-methylroraimine (compound 1) and epi-des-7'-O-methylroraimine (compound 2), two new isomeric bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids were isolated and characterized as a mixture from the rhizomes of Cissampelos sympodialis Eichl. The unambiguous structural elucidation of both isomers was performed with the aid of HR-ESI-MS, FT-IR, and NMR techniques including COSY, HMQC, HMBC, and NOESY. ...
Bergstrom Mackenzie L - - 2013
Dominance style, the level of tolerance displayed by dominant individuals toward subordinate ones, is exhibited along a continuum from despotic to relaxed. It is a useful concept to describe the nature of dominance relationships in macaque species and it bridges among multiple features of dominance hierarchies, aggression, kinship and conflict ...
Mughini Gras L L Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, - - 2013
We compared Campylobacter jejuni/coli multilocus sequence types (STs) from pets (dogs/cats) and their owners and investigated risk factors for pet-associated human campylobacteriosis using a combined source-attribution and case-control analysis. In total, 132/687 pet stools were Campylobacter-positive, resulting in 499 strains isolated (320 C. upsaliensis/helveticus, 100 C. jejuni, 33 C. hyointestinalis/fetus, ...
Fiegl Michael - - 2013
Abstract Background: Guidelines for using granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (G-CSF) in patients receiving chemotherapies with 10-20% (intermediate) risk for febrile neutropenia (FN) recommend additional assessment of patient-related FN risk factors. Objective: The current study evaluated adherence to guideline recommendations and analysed modalities of pegfilgrastim use. Methods: Adult cancer patients scheduled to ...
Tarraf Wassim - - 2013
Immigrants have disproportionate lack of access to healthcare and insurance. Emergency departments could serve as a healthcare substitute and increased demand can negatively affect the US emergency services system. Medical Expenditures Panel Survey (2000-2008) data was modeled to compare emergency departments (ED) use between non-citizens, foreign-born (naturalized), and US-born citizens. ...
Hao Lu - - 2013
A one-pot synthesis of 3,4,5- and 1,3,5-pyrazoles from tertiary propargylic alcohols and para-tolylsulfonohydrazide has been accomplished. The pyrazoles are formed through a four-step cascade sequence, including FeCl3 -catalyzed propargylic substitution, aza-Meyer-Schuster rearrangement, base-mediated 6π electrocyclization, and thermal [1,5] sigmatropic shift. In this reaction, the 3,4,5- and 1,3,5-pyrazoles are produced selectively according ...
Knutson M B - - 2013
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: Recovery Education is a series of innovative lessons used by nurses to teach groups of patients in an inpatient Behavioral Health Unit. The programme is based on a recovery model promoting hope, security, support/managing symptoms, empowerment, relationships, coping and finding meaning. Recovery Education aims to help patients move ...
Marsh Jason - - 2013
Some philosophers have argued for what I call the reason-giving requirement for conscientious refusal in reproductive healthcare. According to this requirement, healthcare practitioners who conscientiously object to administering standard forms of treatment must have arguments to back up their conscience, arguments that are purely public in character. I argue that ...
Raine Kim D - - 2013
Obesity presents major challenges for public health and the evidence is strong. Lessons from tobacco control indicate a need for changing the policy and environments to make healthy choices easier and to create more opportunities for children to achieve healthy weights. In April 2011, the Alberta Policy Coalition for Chronic ...
Lv Junnan - - 2013
The β-mannanase gene (1,029 nucleotide) from Bacillus subtilis MAFIC-S11, encoding a polypeptide of 342 amino acids, was cloned and expressed in Pichia pastoris. To increase its expression, the β-mannanase gene was optimized for codon usage (mannS) and fused downstream to a sequence-encoding modified α-factor signal peptide. The expression level was ...
Sánchez-Niubò Albert - - 2013
AIM: This study estimates lifetime incidence trends of cannabis and cocaine use over 38 years from general population surveys of drug use (GPSDU) in Spain, taking into account changes of population age structure. DESIGN: Periodic cross-sectional studies. SETTING: Eight biennial GPSDU from 1995 to 2009 in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Interviewees aged ...
Alley Mr - - 2013
Abstract CASE HISTORY: Four 4-5-month-old nestlings and one adult in a commercial aviary of 53 Gouldian finches (Erythrura gouldiae) died over a 2-week period in July 2000. PATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS: One nestling was necropsied and showed bronze-tinged skeletal muscles, a swollen liver with haemorrhagic margins and numerous haemorrhages on serosal surfaces. ...
Komatsu Teruya - - 2013
Purpose: Analgesia following thoracotomy is routinely accomplished using epidural blockage performed by anesthesiologists. More effective pain control can be achieved with continuous paravertebral blockage performed by thoracic surgeons. We aimed to retrospectively analyze the efficacy of paravertebral blockage for managing post-thoracotomy pain.Methods: The study included 125 patients who underwent continuous ...
Furuichi Kengo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy, leading to end-stage renal disease, has a considerable impact on public health and the social economy. However, there are few national registries of diabetic nephropathy in Japan. The aims of this prospective cohort study are to obtain clinical data and urine samples for revising the clinical staging ...
Alladin Naazish - - 2013
Chromosomes in human spermatozoa are arranged non-randomly with the centromeres of non-homologous chromosomes forming a chromocenter. We have compared motile and immotile sperm populations in normozoospermic patients to determine if there is any dissimilarity in the formation of the chromocenter and the nuclear position of chromosome 17. Based on the ...
Marcelli Emanuela - - 2013
Purpose: We present an innovative method to quantify the eyeblink by using a miniature gyroscopic sensor (gyro), which is applied on the upper eyelid. Electrical Stimulation (ES) of the facial nerve is a promising technology to treat dysfunctional eyelid closure following facial paralysis. We used the new gyro-based method to ...
Wu Hua-Shan - - 2013
AIM: To examine the long-term effects of fixed/individualized spaced retrieval combined with Montessori-based activities on nutritional status and body mass index and nutritional improvement's moderating effect on depressive symptoms for people with dementia during a specific follow-up period. BACKGROUND: The decrease in food intake, often combined with poor nutrition, may ...
Parthasarathy Anand - - 2013
The photophysical properties of a series of three cationic π-conjugated oligomers were correlated with their visible light activated biocidal activity vs. S. aeureus in suspension. The oligomers consist of three arylene units (terthiophene, 4a; thiophene-benzotriazole-thiophene, 4b; thiophene-benzothiadiazole-thiophene, 4c) capped on each end by cationic -(CH2)3NMe3+ chains. The set of oligomers ...
Weissferdt Annikka - - 2013
AIMS: We describe three cases of primary adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) with prominent rhabdoid features and study their clinicopathological and immunohistochemical properties. METHODS AND RESULTS: The patients were three females aged 45-55 years (mean 49 years), none of whom had any hormone-related symptoms. Histologically, the characteristic features were rhabdoid tumour cells with prominent ...
Zhang Jing - - 2013
Nickel is an important kind of metal and a necessary trace element in people's production and livelihood; it is also a well-confirmed human carcinogen. In the past few years, researchers did a large number of studies about the molecular mechanisms of nickel carcinogenesis, and they focused on activation of proto-oncogenes ...
Miyamoto T - - 2013
Genetic mechanisms have been implicated as a cause of some cases of male infertility. Recently, ten novel genes involved in human spermatogenesis, including human LRWD1, have been identified by expression microarray analysis of human testictissue. The human LRWD1 protein mediates the origin recognition complex in chromatin, which is critical for ...
Witt Whitney P - - 2013
Mounting evidence from clinic and convenience samples suggests that stress is an important predictor of adverse obstetric outcomes. Using a proposed theoretical framework, this review identified and synthesized the population-based literature on the measurement of stress prior to and during pregnancy in relation to obstetric outcomes. Population-based, peer-reviewed empirical articles ...
Dregelid Einar - - 2013
In open vascular repair, when prolonged infrarenal aortic clamping can be expected, and collateral perfusion is reduced, the use of a temporary shunt may reduce the risk of ischemic complications. In a patient with Marfan's syndrome and aortic dissection who had developed infrarenal aneurysms, segmental arteries had been occluded by ...
Shah P R - - 2013
I read the article "Ergonomic port placement in laparoscopic colorectal surgery", Colorectal Disease 2012; 14 (9): 1132 - 1137 and agree with the authors that as laparoscopic colorectal surgery is a multi-quadrant technique, there will be no two optimal ports for every stage of mobilisation. Port placement in laparoscopic colorectal ...
Da-Silva Ana-Carina - - 2013
In this work, thickness acoustic wave quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) devices are used to follow the adhesion of NIH 3T3 fibroblasts to QCM surfaces modified with fibronectin (FN) and poly-d-lysine (PDL). The sensor resonant frequency (Δf) and motional resistance (ΔR) variations, monitored as the sensor signal, reveals that cell adhesion ...
Berkowitz Seth A SA Division of General Internal Medicine, Massachussets General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether diabetes clinical standards consider increased hypoglycemia risk in vulnerable patients. MEDLINE, the National Guidelines Clearinghouse, the National Quality Measures Clearinghouse, and supplemental sources. Systematic review of clinical standards (guidelines, quality metrics, or pay-for-performance programs) for glycemic control in adult diabetes patients. The primary outcome was discussion of ...
Radha Boya - - 2013
Three-dimensional hierarchical patterning of metals is of paramount importance in diverse fields involving photonics, controlling surface wettability and wearable electronics. Conventionally, this type of structuring is tedious and usually involves layer-by-layer lithographic patterning. Here, we describe a simple process of direct nanoimprint lithography using palladium benzylthiolate, a versatile metal-organic ink, ...
Schuster J - - 2013
In systemic sclerosis (SSc), kidney damage is a major clinical problem which can lead to a deleterious outcome. Recently, in diabetes mellitus, early detection of proteinuria and treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors has been shown to slow progression of kidney disease and to improve prognosis. In this study, we ...
Kontos C K - - 2013
The human tissue kallikrein (KLK1) and kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) are secreted serine proteases with diverse expression patterns and physiological roles in different systems, including the digestive system. The aberrant expression of KLK s in gastrointestinal malignancies as well as their implication in carcinogenesis including cell growth regulation, angiogenesis, invasion, and ...
O'Brien Paul - - 2013
Background: Distressing visual hallucinations (VH) are frequently present in schizophrenia. Despite their prevalence, limited research exists regarding effective clinical interventions. Cognitive models of VH state that distress results from threat appraisals of the hallucination. Method: This individual case study describes the use of a graded exposure approach following the discovery ...
Hosseini Morteza Tavakkoli - - 2013
BACKGROUND: HeartMate II (HM II) and HeartWare (HW) Left Ventricular Assist Devices have been successfully used in end-stage heart failure patients as a bridge to transplantation, recovery, or decision. We set out to compare their effect in off-loading the left ventricle and its geometry. METHODS: The left ventricular end diastolic ...
Treede R-D - - 2013
Abstract The capsaicin 8% cutaneous patch is an emergent new treatment option for patients with peripheral neuropathic pain. In randomized controlled clinical studies relevant pain relief for 12 weeks was achieved in about one third of patients following a single application. The first part of this paper is a review ...
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