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Results 251 - 300 of 2333
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Kato Yasuyuki - - 2013
A 26-year-old man presented chest oppression. He had pectus excavatum associated with Loeys-Dietz syndrome and a history of redo aortic root replacement with the modified Bentall technique using an 8-mm long interposed graft to the left coronary ostium. Coronary angiography revealed severe stenosis of both left coronary ostium and proximal ...
Duffau Hugues - - 2013
Diffuse low-grade glioma (DLGG) is a growing pre-cancerous tumor, often diagnosed in patients with no or only mild deficit. Maximal and early surgical resection is currently the first therapeutic option, in order to delay the malignant transformation and thus increase the overall survival. Preserving the quality of life (QoL) is ...
Boshier Piers R - - 2013
The discovery of nitric oxide (NO) as a signalling and regulatory molecule and its subsequent detection in the exhaled breath has not only yielded new mechanistic insights but also diagnostic opportunities and therapeutic targets in several important medical conditions. In diseases involving chronic pulmonary inflammation such as asthma that affects ...
Azaroff Lenore S - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To examine barriers community health centers (CHCs) face in using workers' compensation insurance (WC). DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Leadership of CHCs in Massachusetts. STUDY DESIGN: We used purposeful snowball sampling of CHC leaders for in-depth exploration of reimbursement policies and practices, experiences with WC, and decisions about using WC. We ...
Roston Rachel A - - 2013
The external anatomy of a 130-mm blue whale fetus (Balaenoptera musculus) is described, and its internal anatomy is reconstructed noninvasively from microCT scans. The specimen lies developmentally at the junction of the embryonic and fetal periods. Similarly to the embryos of many odontocetes, it lacks a caudal fluke and dorsal ...
Bartholomeusz Cali F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Social cognitive deficits have a detrimental effect on social and role functioning at both early and late stages of psychotic illness. AIM: To assess the feasibility of social cognition and interaction training (SCIT) in first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHODS: A total of 12 FEP participants were sequentially allocated to one ...
Inagaki Masatoshi - - 2013
PURPOSE: Previous studies have reported associations of depressive symptoms with pro-inflammatory cytokines, especially with interleukin-6 (IL-6) in noncancer subjects and cancer patients. Meanwhile, symptoms such as tiredness and appetite loss may be vegetative symptoms of depression when associated with other diagnostic criteria of depression. Such vegetative-type symptoms worsen during the ...
Taniguchi Hiroshige - - 2013
When chewing solid food, part of the bolus is propelled into the oropharynx before swallowing; this is named stage II transport (St2Tr). However, the tongue movement patterns that comprise St2Tr remain unclear. We investigated coronal jaw and tongue movements using videofluorography. Fourteen healthy young adults ate 6 g each of banana, ...
Reddy Vutukuri Prakash - - 2013
The rhodium-catalyzed intramolecular direct arylation of imidazole and benzimidazole derivatives via double C-H bond activation is described. This approach provides new access to a wide range of imidazo and benzimidazo[2,1-a]isoquinoline derivatives in moderate to high yields. This reaction provides an alternative method to the known Pd-catalyzed intramolecular oxidative cross-coupling reactions.
Li Xiao - - 2013
Paradoxical embolism is a common cause of cryptogenic stroke. Cardiogenic origin is often the real culprit of unexplained stroke. We report a rare case of double atrial septum with an interatrial chamber and stenosis of the inferior vena cava orifice, which lead to recurrent paradoxical embolism, and then highlight the ...
Han Cong-Hui - - 2013
To develop a transurethral endoscopy technique of the transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy to examine and treat seminal vesicle disease. A total of 61 patients with seminal vesicle disease were diagnosed and treated with the transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy through the distal seminal tracts and vesicles. 58 cases were successfully treated using transurethral ...
Ohtomo Kazuyoshi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pathological origin of primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO) is considered as inflammation of unknown causes; however, specific predisposing factors have not been fully addressed to date. METHODS: In an institutional setting, background factors of 45 patients with PANDO were compared to those in 67 control subjects. The control ...
Freund Dana M - - 2013
Label-free quantitative strategies are commonly used in shot-gun proteomics to detect differences in protein abundance between biological sample groups. Here, we have employed a combination of two such approaches, spectral counting (SpC) and average MS/MS total ion current (MS2 TIC), for the analysis of rat kidney mitochondria in response to ...
Tsai M-A - - 2013
Based on use of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) identification protocol, this study attempted to detect Lactococcus garvieae in fish by using primer sets designed from an L. garvieae alpha/beta fold family hydrolase gene. Reaction time and temperatures were optimized for 60 min at 60°C with the resulting amplicons visualized ...
Yang Jie - - 2013
The organization of the head provides critical data for resolving the phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary history of extinct and extant euarthropods. The early Cambrian-period fuxianhuiids are regarded as basal representatives of stem-group Euarthropoda, and their anterior morphology therefore offers key insights for reconstructing the ancestral condition of the euarthropod head. ...
Casonato A - - 2013
von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers result from proteolysis by the metalloprotease ADAMTS13. Since C2362F-VWF features abnormally large multimers with their triplet oligomer structure replaced by a diffuse smear, we explored the susceptibility of C2362F-VWF to ADAMTS13. VWF-enriched blood samples, obtained by cryoethanol precipitation of plasma from a patient with von ...
Rahman I A - - 2013
Aortic prosthetic graft infection is a rare, potentially fatal complication. Surgical explantation of the infected native and prosthetic material with sufficient debridement has sometimes been limited by the lack of a suitable conduit to bridge the residual long segment defect. We describe the implantation of a bovine pericardial fashioned neo-aorta ...
Lee Jin - - 2013
The concentrations of trihalomethanes (THMs), including chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform, and haloacetic acids (HAAs; monochloroacetic acid, monobromoacetic acid, dibromoacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, and trichloroacetic acid) were measured in tap waters passing through water distribution systems of six water treatment plants in Seoul, Korea, and their associated health risks from ...
Alonso Roberta Caroline - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To evaluate the influence of thermal-mechanical degradation on superficial and internal gap formation of composite restorations photoactivated using modulated methods. Materials and methods. An experimental composite was prepared using a resin matrix containing 65wt% Bis-GMA and 35wt% TEGDMA. Camphorquinone (0.5wt%) and dimethylaminoethyl-methacrylate (0.5wt%) were dissolved in the resin ...
Needham David M - - 2013
Observation of short-term temporal variation in bacterial and viral communities is important for understanding patterns of aquatic microbial diversity. We collected surface seawater once daily for 38 consecutive days with seven more samples interspersed over 40 more days at one location ∼2 km from Santa Catalina Island, California. Bacterial communities were ...
Seok Yangki - - 2013
Purpose: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a serious complication following pneumonectomy in lung cancer patients. The aim of this retrospective study is to investigate the efficacy of bronchial stump reinforcement with a collagen fleece coated with fibrin glue(TachoComb®).Methods: The bronchial stumps of 43 lung cancer patients who underwent pneumonectomy between January ...
D'Ambrogio Andrea - - 2013
The cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding proteins (CPEBs) associate with specific sequences in mRNA 3' untranslated regions to promote translation. They do so by inducing cytoplasmic polyadenylation, which requires specialized poly(A) polymerases. Aberrant expression of these proteins correlates with certain types of cancer, indicating that cytoplasmic RNA 3' end processing is ...
Padela Aasim I - - 2013
The field of medicine provides an important window through which to examine the encounters between religion and science, and between modernity and tradition. While both religion and science consider health to be a 'good' that is to be preserved, and promoted, religious and science-based teachings may differ in their conception ...
Fischer J - - 2013
Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) constitute a family of 15 highly conserved serine proteases, which show a tissue-specific expression profile. This made them valuable tumour expression markers. It became evident that KLKs are involved in many physiological processes like semen liquefaction and skin desquamation. More recently, we have learnt that they are ...
Siddiqi Arjumand - - 2013
Background: We compare disparities in health status between first-generation immigrants and others in the United States (US) and Canada. Methods: We used data from the Joint Canada-US Survey of Health. The regression models adjusted for demographics, socioeconomic status, and health insurance (the US). Results: In both countries, the health advantage ...
Pol Diego - - 2013
Extant crocodylians have a limited taxonomic and ecological diversity but they belong to a lineage (Crocodylomorpha) that includes basal and rather generalized species and a highly diverse clade, Crocodyliformes. The latter was among the most successful groups of Mesozoic tetrapods, both in terms of taxonomic and ecological diversity. Crocodyliforms thrived ...
Jon McIlroy Simon - - 2013
'Candidatus Microthrix parvicella' is a lipid-accumulating, filamentous bacterium so far found only in activated sludge wastewater treatment plants, where it is a common causative agent of sludge separation problems. Despite attracting considerable interest, its detailed physiology is still unclear. In this study, the genome of the RN1 strain was sequenced ...
Coyne Karin S - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The prevalence of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and concurrent gastroprotective agent (GPA) use in the United States (US) is not known. As such, the prevalence of GPA use among arthritis patients taking NSAIDs was examined. Methods: Men and women age ≥40 with self-reported arthritis and members of a ...
Farghaly Thoraya A - - 2013
Synthesis of new derivatives of pyrido[2,3-d][1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrimidin-5-one via reaction of 7-(4-bromophenyl)-1,2-dihydro-5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-thioxopyrido[2,3-d] pyrimidin-4(3H)-one with hydrazonoyl chlorides or reaction of 2-hydrazino-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-one with different aldehydes followed by cyclization of the products. All the newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for their antimicrobial activities and also their minimum inhibitory concentration against most of test organisms was ...
Buschke Nele - - 2013
The sustainable production of chemicals from renewable, non-food raw materials is one of the great challenges in industrial biotechnology. Corynebacterium glutamicum was metabolically engineered for the production of the bio-nylon precursor 1,5-diaminopentane from the hemicellulose sugar xylose. First, comparison of a basic diaminopentane producer on xylose and glucose revealed 30% ...
Zhang Jing - - 2013
Nickel is an important kind of metal and a necessary trace element in people's production and livelihood; it is also a well-confirmed human carcinogen. In the past few years, researchers did a large number of studies about the molecular mechanisms of nickel carcinogenesis, and they focused on activation of proto-oncogenes ...
Miyamoto T - - 2013
Genetic mechanisms have been implicated as a cause of some cases of male infertility. Recently, ten novel genes involved in human spermatogenesis, including human LRWD1, have been identified by expression microarray analysis of human testictissue. The human LRWD1 protein mediates the origin recognition complex in chromatin, which is critical for ...
Witt Whitney P - - 2013
Mounting evidence from clinic and convenience samples suggests that stress is an important predictor of adverse obstetric outcomes. Using a proposed theoretical framework, this review identified and synthesized the population-based literature on the measurement of stress prior to and during pregnancy in relation to obstetric outcomes. Population-based, peer-reviewed empirical articles ...
Dregelid Einar - - 2013
In open vascular repair, when prolonged infrarenal aortic clamping can be expected, and collateral perfusion is reduced, the use of a temporary shunt may reduce the risk of ischemic complications. In a patient with Marfan's syndrome and aortic dissection who had developed infrarenal aneurysms, segmental arteries had been occluded by ...
Shah P R - - 2013
I read the article "Ergonomic port placement in laparoscopic colorectal surgery", Colorectal Disease 2012; 14 (9): 1132 - 1137 and agree with the authors that as laparoscopic colorectal surgery is a multi-quadrant technique, there will be no two optimal ports for every stage of mobilisation. Port placement in laparoscopic colorectal ...
Da-Silva Ana-Carina - - 2013
In this work, thickness acoustic wave quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) devices are used to follow the adhesion of NIH 3T3 fibroblasts to QCM surfaces modified with fibronectin (FN) and poly-d-lysine (PDL). The sensor resonant frequency (Δf) and motional resistance (ΔR) variations, monitored as the sensor signal, reveals that cell adhesion ...
Berkowitz Seth A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether diabetes clinical standards consider increased hypoglycemia risk in vulnerable patients. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, the National Guidelines Clearinghouse, the National Quality Measures Clearinghouse, and supplemental sources. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of clinical standards (guidelines, quality metrics, or pay-for-performance programs) for glycemic control in adult diabetes patients. The ...
Jelinek Lena - - 2013
Introduction. The aim of the present study was to investigate (meta)cognitive beliefs related to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of individuals displaced as children at the end of the Second World War as well as transgenerational effects of trauma and PTSD on the offspring. Methods. Displaced individuals with ...
Fulton Mandy L - - 2013
The Psychoeducational Profile-3's (PEP-3) ability to estimate cognitive and language skills of 136 children (20-75 months) with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) across a range of functioning, and the association between the PEP-3 and ASD symptomatology was examined using retrospective data. PEP-3 cognitive and language measures were positively correlated with similar measures ...
Bartold P M - - 2013
Macrolide antibiotics have been found to possess not only antimicrobial properties, but also modulate inflammation. In this review the multi-faceted properties of azithromycin are discussed. Due to the unique anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, macrolides, and especially azithromycin, are currently used for a number of conditions which have both an inflammatory ...
Wang Jianjun - - 2013
Increasing evidence has emerged for non-random spatial distributions of microbes, but knowledge of the processes that cause variation in microbial assemblage among ecosystems is lacking. For instance, some studies showed that deterministic processes such as habitat specialization are important, while other studies hold that bacterial communities are assembled by stochastic ...
Yan Yun - - 2013
IGF-I stimulates proliferation and cell cycle progression in progenitor cells of a number of neural cell types, including neuronal and glial progenitors. The precise mechanisms of this regulation, however, have not been fully defined. To elucidate the mechanism of IGF-I actions on neural cell proliferation, we utilized a rat oligodendroglial ...
Sato Yasunori - - 2013
The increasing grades of biliary intraepithelial neoplasia (BilIN) reflect multistep carcinogenesis of cholangiocarcinoma, BilIN-3 representing the carcinoma in situ stage. A different form of in situ growth form of cancer cells is the intraepithelial spreading of cholangiocarcinoma cells. We examined the histological characteristics of carcinoma in situ in the biliary ...
Lin Mong-Wei - - 2013
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm that arises primarily from the pleura, but recognized also in other tissues. SFT in the thyroid gland is extremely rare. Here we presented the second reported SFT arising in an intrathoracic goiter. The88-year-old woman was referred with a huge goiter involving ...
Braz-Silva P H - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To establish a definitive diagnosis of oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) by in situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) detection with liquid-based cytology (LBC), using the ThinPrep® Pap Test, and to compare its efficacy with the traditional method of performing biopsy. METHODS: Thirty-three individuals divided into three groups were included in ...
Carbone F - - 2013
Atherothrombosis is the major determinant of acute ischaemic cardiovascular events, such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Inflammatory processes have been linked to all phases of atherogenesis In particular, the identification of autoimmunity mediators in the complex microenvironment of chronic inflammation has become the focus of attention in both early and ...
Seebohm Patience - - 2013
This article explores the contribution of self-help/mutual aid groups to mental well-being. Self-help/mutual aid groups are self-organising groups where people come together to address a shared a health or social issue through mutual support. They are associated with a range of health and social benefits, but remain poorly understood. This ...
de Glas N A - - 2013
Old age is associated with comorbidity and decreased functioning which influences treatment decisions in elderly breast cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for complications after breast cancer surgery in elderly patients, and to assess mortality in patients with postoperative complications. The FOCUS cohort is ...
Alsén Pia - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate changes in self-reported fatigue and depression from four months to two years following a myocardial infarction, as well as to explore gender differences, identify the incidence of fatigue without coexisting depression and finally predict health-related quality of life at a two-year follow-up. BACKGROUND: Depression and ...
Rylski Bartosz - - 2013
Introduction: Patients with acute aortic dissection type A (AADA) with aortic arch and supra-aortic vessel involvement have a higher postoperative stroke prevalence and risk of later aortic arch aneurysm development.Case Report: We report a case of AADA with involvement of supraaortic arteries, complicated by cerebral malperfusion. The ascending aorta was ...
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