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- - 2013
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes lower respiratory infections among infants and young children worldwide. During 1997-2006, an estimated 132,000-172,000 children aged <5 years were hospitalized for RSV infection annually in the United States. In temperate climate zones, RSV generally circulates during the fall, winter, and spring, but the exact timing ...
Potera Carol - - 2013
Study outlines the progress and perils of living longer, perhaps sicker, lives.
Ballardini N - - 2013
Background  Filaggrin (FLG) mutations are major genetic determinants for eczema, but their role in eczema severity needs further investigation. Children with eczema are at higher risk of having asthma and rhinitis but it is not known if this risk is associated with the severity of eczema. Objectives  To investigate eczema ...
Okano Toshio - - 2013
Serum 25OHD concentration is considered to be an appropriate measure for judging vitamin D insufficiency/sufficiency. It is hard to set its reference value. Nowadays, two reference values, namely 50 nmol/L for prevention of bone fracture and 75 nmol/L for lowering serum PTH concentration have been proposed. In the elderly, if ...
Chipurura Batsirai - - 2013
A questionnaire was used to gather information on the wild leafy vegetables consumed. The phenolic concentrations were determined by the vanillin, butanol, and tannin binding assays. Seventy-nine traditional vegetables were mentioned by the respondents and 20 of these were classified according to their species. The contents of flavonoids varied from ...
Takaiwa Fumio - - 2013
Rice seed provides an ideal production platform for pharmaceuticals in terms of high productivity and stability, as well as the scalability, safety and economy that are expected in plant production systems. Furthermore, these therapeutic products are bioencapsulated in protein bodies, which are seed-specific storage organelles that provide protection from digestion ...
Pang M Yc - - 2013
Objectives: To describe the changes in bone density and geometry of the radius after chronic stroke and the associated clinical factors. Methods: Twenty stroke patients (12 men and 8 women, age=42-78 years, time post-stroke=12-166 months) and 23 control participants (14 men and 9 women, age=53-77 years) were assessed at the ...
Ribeiro Filomena - - 2013
To identify and quantify sources of error on refractive assessment using exact ray tracing. The Liou-Brennan eye model was used as a starting point and its parameters were varied individually within a physiological range. The contribution of each parameter to refractive error was assessed using linear regression curve fits and ...
Nakamura Ken - - 2013
We experienced a rare case of congenital pericardial defect incidentally found during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)[OPCAB]. We performed off-pump for a 61-year-old man. He was asymptomatic but was noted to have an abnormal chest X-ray showing the enlarged heart. He had right ventricule lifting upward and apex shifting ...
Shek Daniel T L - - 2013
Abstract The implementation quality of the Tier 1 Program (Secondary 1 Program) of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in the second year of the Extension Phase was examined in this study, with classroom observations of 218 units in 172 schools. Results demonstrated that the overall level of program adherence was generally high ...
Kikuta Junichi - - 2013
Rapid development of fluorescent imaging techniques enables us to understand cellular dynamics in vivo . We have originally established an advanced imaging system for visualizing live bone tissues with intravital multiphoton microscopy. By means of the system we have recently succeeded in visualization of mature osteoclasts in live bones and ...
Uçar Aslı - - 2013
This study aims to identify the influence of education on the practices and knowledge of consumers to protect or maintain the cold chain in the Turkish capital of Ankara. Data were gathered by using a questionnaire. Participants were 700 randomly selected volunteering adults. The majority of the participants had a ...
Kohler Heinz - - 2013
This review recalls the history of homophilic antibody discovery and adaptation for cancer immunotherapy. Homophilic antibodies are a rare type of murine monoclonal antibody produced by plasmacytomas. They are self-binding in solid-phase assays and, in solution, are in an equilibrium of monomers and dimers. This equilibrium is controlled by antibody ...
Dickerson Pamela S - - 2013
Continuing education providers are expected to evaluate the outcomes of learning activities. Professional standards also address the expectation that those outcomes will be shared with others to validate the significance of continuing education and the role of the nursing professional development specialist.
Venter Jan - - 2013
To report the outcomes of the correction of mixed astigmatism with non-penetrating femtosecond laser intrastromal astigmatic keratotomy in patients with previous refractive surgery. One hundred twelve eyes that had low mixed astigmatism after excimer laser surgery, refractive lens exchange, or phakic intraocular lens implantation underwent intrastromal astigmatic keratotomy using paired ...
Katayama Yoshihiko - - 2013
A 55-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of an abnormal shadow in the left upper division on chest computed tomography(CT). Virtual bronchoscopy revealed a displaced anomalous bronchus. Thin sliced CT revealed complete lobulation between the upper division and the lingula. Three dimensional (3D)-CT revealed abnormal distribution of the ...
Oksüz Sinan - - 2013
: In an acute burn injury the zone of stasis is initially vital but may progress to coagulation necrosis with time. In this study, salvage of the zone of stasis was aimed at by subcutaneous mesenchymal stem cell injection. : Mesenchymal stem cells were obtained from the bone marrow of ...
Chen Chun-Yan - - 2013
As an efficient means of strain improvement, adaptive evolution is a technique with great potential. Long-term cultivation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was performed in a polydimethylsiloxane membrane bioreactor system which was constructed by coupling the fermentation with pervaporation. A parent strain was subjected to three rounds of fermentation-screening-transfer procedure lasting 1,500 h ...
Shek Daniel T L - - 2013
Abstract Under the New Undergraduate Curriculum at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), students are required to take a 3-credit subject to fulfill service-learning requirements. To understand the views of teachers regarding service-learning, five focus group interviews (n=33) are conducted to examine the perceived characteristics and myths of service-learning as ...
Söderpalm A-C - - 2013
Objectives: To study the tolerability of whole body vibration (WBV) exercise in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and its effects on muscle and bone. Methods: WBV was performed two to three times a week for three months. Motor function, muscle strength, bone mass and biochemical markers of bone and ...
Saji Yoshiaki - - 2013
We report an extremely rare case of a successful treatment of the intracranial hemorrhage after the cardiac surgery for infective endocarditis(IE). A 34-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of active IE due to Staphylococcus aureus, complicated with cerebral infarctions. Preoperative echocardiography showed mobile vegetations on both ...
Miyaki Yasuko - - 2013
A 76-year-old female was hospitalized because of congestive heart failure and anemia. A thorough examination led to a diagnosis of severe aortic stenosis and cold agglutinin disease. The critical temperature for hemagglutination was 27 °C, which caused particular problems with regard to the myocardial protection temperature during surgery. Aortic valve ...
Bock Antje - - 2013
Abstract Simultaneous magnetoencephalography (MEG) and local field potential (LFP) recordings in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) undergoing deep brain stimulation (DBS) treatment is a promising tool for both clinical application and basic research. Recordings can be accomplished during the time interval between electrode insertion and its connection to the pulse ...
Buchbender C - - 2013
In rheumatologic diseases magnet resonance imaging (MRI) is capable of depicting early inflammatory changes which are frequently missed by other imaging modalities. New MRI protocols and hardware, primarily whole-body MRI and low-field extremity MRI facilitate the use of MRI in rheumatology patients. The increasing number of functional MRI techniques provide ...
Liu Fei - - 2013
: Triptolide is an immunosuppressive fraction purified from a Chinese medicinal plant. In an effort to develop a new immunosuppressive strategy for vascularized composite allotransplantation, the authors investigated the effects of combined treatment with cyclosporin A and triptolide on the survival of rat groin flap allotransplants. : Groin flap transplantation ...
Guyuron Bahman - - 2013
: Frontal bossing is a displeasing prominence of the supraorbital area. Aesthetic correction has been described as an open surgical technique. This report introduces an endoscopic approach to correction. : A retrospective review was performed on all patients who underwent endoscopic repair of frontal bossing from 2002 to 2009. Demographics, ...
Shek Daniel T L - - 2013
Abstract Subjective outcome evaluation data were collected from 24,198 students of 236 schools after completion of the Tier 2 Program in the second year of the Extension Phase of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. Using schools as units of analysis, results showed that the program, implementers, and effectiveness were ...
Beal Eileen - - 2013
Cascading events challenge job creation for RNs worldwide.
Tang An - - 2013
Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and MRI are frequently used for the noninvasive diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Despite their important role in diagnosis and management of HCC, until recently, there has been no standardized system for their interpretation, reporting and data collection. In 2008, the American College of Radiology convened a ...
- - 2013
Priority health-risk behaviors (i.e., interrelated and preventable behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youths and adults) often are established during childhood and adolescence and extend into adulthood. The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), established in 1991, monitors six categories of priority health-risk behaviors ...
Pacheco Guimarães Paulo Afonso Monteiro - - 2013
: Stretch marks, or striae distensae, are dermal scars and result in considerable aesthetic concern. The responsible factors for their development are poorly understood. Development of striae distensae is a rare complication after breast augmentation. Successfully treating striae distensae has always been challenging. Lasers and light devices have recently become ...
Rao Samir S - - 2013
: The medial femoral condyle has become a reliable source of vascularized bone with many advantages to the reconstructive microsurgeon. The authors examined the donor-site morbidity of medial femoral condyle flap harvest. : A retrospective review of all patients who underwent medial femoral condyle free flap procedures between April of ...
Shurraw Sabin - - 2013
Perkovic et al. use novel data from the ADVANCE study to report on the potential renal benefits of standard glycemic control, compared with intensive glycemic control (mean hemoglobin A 7.3 and 6.5%, respectively). Intensive glycemic control reduced the risk of new-onset microalbuminuria, new-onset macroalbuminuria, and progression of albuminuria. The risk ...
Sone Teruki - - 2013
Techniques in bone densitometry have made remarkable progress in the past quarter-century and are now widely used in the daily practice of osteoporosis. Since the skeletal site and the method of measurement differ among the type of equipments, several types are adopted to suit the situation of each medical institute. ...
Pala Gianni - - 2013
This study summarizes and reviews the available health information on ortho-phthalaldehyde (OPA), a recently introduced and widespread disinfectant for heat-sensitive medical equipment, particularly focusing on its possible immunological effects in the healthcare setting. OPA properties derived from laboratory and clinical studies, and in vivo and in vitro tests for the diagnosis of ...
Retchford T H - - 2013
Hip pain and dysfunction are increasingly recognised as important causes of morbidity in younger and older adults. Pathology compromising the passive stability of the hip joint, including acetabular labral injury, may lead to increased femoral head translation, greater joint contact pressures and ultimately degenerative hip disease. Activation of hip muscles ...
Tsuboshima Kenji - - 2013
We aimed to assess the perioperative outcomes of 2 ports video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery(VATS) using Endo-Close (2 ports VATS) in patient for the primary spontaneous pneumothorax(PSP) compared to conventional 3 ports VATS in our hospital. 31 consecutive patients(11;2 ports VATS and 20;3 ports VATS) since 2009 were enrolled in this study. ...
Shek Daniel T L - - 2013
Abstract To evaluate the implementation quality of the Tier 1 Program of the Project P.A.T.H.S. (Secondary 1 to Secondary 3), a study based on classroom observations of 597 units in 207 schools was conducted under the Co-Walker Scheme. Results demonstrated that the implementation quality of the program was high in ...
Miura Masakazu - - 2013
Quantification of BMD is being used as the main method to diagnose osteoporosis and measurement accuracy has dramatically improved. However, essential clinical parameters of osteoporosis include more dynamic markers such as bone metabolic markers. Bone metabolism undergoes daily dynamic changes, and even with the same BMD, the metabolic state differs ...
Malek Antoine - - 2013
During human pregnancy, the maternal immune system develops and changes, providing protection for the growing placenta and fetus. These protective changes provide mechanisms allowing two genetically different individuals to interact with each other without allograft rejection. In addition to normal pregnancy, some pregnancies may develop under immunologic diseases, during which ...
Chmielewski Lauren - - 2013
: This study was designed to compare the success of occipital migraine headache surgery with and without occipital artery ligation. : The medical charts of 170 occipital migraine headache surgery recipients who fulfilled the study criteria were reviewed. Patients were divided into either the occipital artery resection group (one or ...
Tanaka Yoshiya - - 2013
Recent progress in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with TNF-inhibitors has brought a paradigm shift, in which clinical and structural remission is now a target to be approached. However, joint damage already develops in a majority of patients before appropriate treatments are provided. Joint damage results from the destruction ...
Triantafillidis John K - - 2013
The role of psychological distress and personality as predisposing factors for the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains controversial. Attempts to investigate the role of psychological factors in IBD exhibited rather conflicting results. Among the studies concerning the effects of stress or depression on the course of IBD, the ...
Hockett C W - - 2013
Objectives: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the vitamin D status and muscle function in children with NF1 compared with their unaffected siblings. Methods: NF1 children between 5 and 18 years of age and who had at least one unaffected sibling were identified. Serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin ...
Chang Kevin Zou - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to review our operative experience in patients with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) resulting from cervical ribs causing clinical symptoms. This study is a retrospective review of a prospectively acquired database of patients with TOS treated with first rib resection and scalenectomy with or without ...
Takahashi Tsuyoshi - - 2013
A 56-year-old woman was referred to our hospital presenting high serum levels of calcium (Ca) and intact-parathyroid hormone (PTH) and an anterior mediastinal nodule of 18×13 mm in size on chest computed tomography (CT). Tumor was suspected of a parathyroid tumor. 99mTc-methoxy-isobutylisonitrile( MIBI) scintigram showed abnormal radioactive tracer accumulation in ...
Davis Sears Erika - - 2013
: The authors' aim was to conduct a national survey of hand surgery fellowship program directors to determine differences of opinions of essential components of hand surgery training between program directors from plastic and orthopedic surgery programs. : The authors performed a Web-based survey of 74 program directors from all ...
Shek Daniel T L - - 2013
Abstract Although collaborative learning has been widely researched in Western contexts, no study has been carried out to understand how associate degree students look at collaborative learning in Hong Kong. In this study, perceptions of and attitudes to collaborative learning among associate degree students were studied. A total of 44 ...
Kean Emily B - - 2013
One hospital's experience with this easy-to-use, free blogging platform.
Romagnani Paola - - 2013
Cultures of stem or progenitor cells have made critical contributions to the comprehension of tissue regeneration. In the kidney, primary cultures of human tubular progenitors became available only recently and allow dissection of the functional properties of tubular progenitors vs. differentiated tubular epithelia. Toll-like receptor-mediated activation now appears as a ...
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