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Gullick Margaret M - - 2013
Previous event-related potential studies have indicated that both a widespread N400 and an anterior N700 index differential processing of concrete and abstract words, but the nature of these components in relation to concreteness and imagery has been unclear. Here, we separated the effects of word concreteness and task demands on ...
Ownby Raymond L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: High levels of adherence to medications for HIV infection are essential for optimal clinical outcomes and to reduce viral transmission, but many patients do not achieve required levels. Clinician-delivered interventions can improve patients' adherence, but usually require substantial effort by trained individuals and may not be widely available. Computer-delivered ...
Baumann Philipp Sebastian - - 2013
AIM: In a survey conducted in the Lausanne catchment area in 2000, we could estimate on the basis of file assessment that first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients had psychotic symptoms for more than 2 years before treatment and that 50% did not attend any outpatient appointment after discharge from hospital. In ...
Farnelid Hanna - - 2013
The Baltic Sea receives large nitrogen inputs by diazotrophic (N2-fixing) heterocystous cyanobacteria but the significance of heterotrophic N2 fixation has not been studied. Here, the diversity, abundance and transcription of the nifH fragment of the nitrogenase enzyme in two basins of the Baltic Sea proper was examined. N2 fixation was ...
Koizumi Yumi - - 2013
To clarify the possible association of frailty with hypertension prevalence, treatment and blood pressure (BP) control in the elderly, we conducted a screening survey of 1091 elderly community-dwelling subjects aged 65 years, using data from public health check-ups and frailty was determined by a 25-item questionnaire, the Basic Checklist for ...
Ren Shiyan - - 2013
Primary large saccular aortic aneurysm with high grade stenosis of aortic arc is rare, and no standard therapy is available. We have encountered one case and successfully treated using a hybrid interventional approach. A 59-year-old woman with a 7-day history of headache, dizziness and chest pain, and a 5-year history ...
Howland Robert H - - 2013
Making a diagnosis is a key step in understanding the natural course of a disorder, selecting an appropriate treatment for the disorder, and predicting its response to treatment. Diagnostic proposals can be evaluated in two ways: reliability and validity. The reliability and validity of diagnoses are not one and the ...
Holyoake D-D - - 2013
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: The traditional view of mental health nursing history as a true representation is dependent on the means and nature by which it is displayed as well as the archaeology used to unearth it. Thinking about history as neither singular nor neutral offers an alternative appreciation. This article uses ...
Wellington Kevin W - - 2013
A commercial laccase, Suberase® from Novozymes, was used to catalyse the synthesis of 5,6-dihydroxylated benzo[b]furans and catechol derivatives. The yields were, in some cases, similar to or better than that obtained by other enzymatic, chemical or electrochemical syntheses. The synthesised derivatives were screened against renal (TK10), melanoma (UACC62), breast (MCF7) ...
Clouthier Sharon C - - 2013
A newly discovered virus, Namao virus, associated with morbidity and mortality, was detected among juvenile lake sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens being propagated by a conservation stocking program for this endangered species in Manitoba, Canada. The outbreaks resulted in cumulative mortalities of 62 to 99.6% among progeny of wild Winnipeg River or ...
Xia Dongliang - - 2013
Oh my goch: The total syntheses of ainsliadimer B and gochnatiolides A and B from α-santonin have been accomplished in 25 steps with approximately 1 % overall yield. A Diels-Alder reaction of natural dehydrozaluzanin C with a monomeric guaianolide derivative allows stereoselective assembly of a dimeric gochnatiolide-type skeleton with the required stereochemistry and preinstalled ...
Li N - - 2013
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory and thrombotic disease, in which both CD4+ T cells and platelets play important roles throughout all stages of atherogenesis. CD4+ T cells are the most abundant T cells present in atherosclerotic lesions. They are primarily seen as type 1 T helper (Th1) cells, while the other ...
Wei Lai - - 2013
Hemodynamic pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPAH) is a common symptom in congenital heart disease (CHD) patients with a left-to-right shunt. Endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and endothelial-like progenitor cells result in significant improvement of right ventricular systolic pressure in established pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) models. We hypothesized that bone marrow (BM)-derived endothelial ...
Ives Jonathan - - 2013
In recent years there has been a wealth of literature arguing the need for empirical and interdisciplinary approaches to bioethics, based on the premise that an empirically informed ethical analysis is more grounded, contextually sensitive and therefore more relevant to clinical practice than an 'abstract' philosophical analysis. Bioethics has (arguably) ...
Almassi Ben - - 2013
Ghostwriting in its various forms has received critical scrutiny from medical ethicists, journal editors, and science studies scholars trying to explain where ghostwriting goes wrong and ascertain how to counter it. Recent analyses have characterized ghostwriting as plagiarism or fraud, and have urged that it be deterred through stricter compliance ...
Kodali Anil K - - 2013
The use of structured nanoparticles as optical contrast agents has led to new sensing opportunities in localizing the analytical volume within or outside the particle. Here we examine the use of structured nanoparticles for controlling the sensed analytical volume and figures of merit for their use. Nano-layered alternating metal-dielectric particles ...
Lescano Julián N - - 2013
Chytridiomycosis is a major threat to amphibian conservation. In Argentina, the pathogenic fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis has been recorded in several localities, and recently, it was registered in amphibians inhabiting low-elevation areas of mountain environments in Córdoba and San Luis provinces. In the present study, we searched for B. dendrobatidis in ...
Ali Md Azahar - - 2013
We present results of the studies relating to fabrication of a microfluidic biosensor chip based on nickel oxide nanorods (NRs-NiO) that is capable of directly measuring the concentration of total cholesterol in human blood through electrochemical detection. Using this chip we demonstrate, with high reliability and in a time efficient ...
Lim Siew Hoon - - 2013
A number of states in the United States have laws restricting drivers from using cellphones. Using state-level panel data, we examined the effect of cellphone laws on fatal crashes in the United States between 2000 and 2010. Our results show that there is insufficient power to detect a reduction in ...
Blanco Luis Z LZ - - 2013
Metanephric adenoma of the kidney is an uncommon benign epithelial neoplasm with only a small number of reports that describe its cytologic features. We describe two additional cases of metanephric adenoma diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration biopsy and review the available literature. Our cases showed similar cytology and were composed of ...
Ménétrier Emmanuelle - - 2013
When they have to memorize a picture, people usually build a memory trace including more extensive boundaries than the original picture, a phenomenon known as boundary extension or BE. This article looks at whether the emotion category expressed (i.e., happiness, pleasure, irritation, or anger) by actors in short films could ...
Patil Pratap S - - 2013
Oligosaccharide syntheses are an important source of well-defined sugar constructs particularly needed for the evaluation of structure-activity relationships. The chemical assembly of oligosaccharides requires several building blocks, that is, glycosyl donors and acceptors, which are prepared in multistep processes and in a generally tedious and time-consuming manner. Having developed one-pot ...
Ogiso Satoshi - - 2013
PURPOSE: Anatomical liver resection is usually based on Couinaud's anatomical concept. In contrast, Hjortsjo's concept, which divides the right anterior section of the liver into ventral and dorsal segments by the vertical plane named the ventral segment fissure (VSF), has been rarely utilized for liver resection. Identification of the VSF ...
Alladin Naazish - - 2013
Chromosomes in human spermatozoa are arranged non-randomly with the centromeres of non-homologous chromosomes forming a chromocenter. We have compared motile and immotile sperm populations in normozoospermic patients to determine if there is any dissimilarity in the formation of the chromocenter and the nuclear position of chromosome 17. Based on the ...
Marcelli Emanuela - - 2013
Purpose: We present an innovative method to quantify the eyeblink by using a miniature gyroscopic sensor (gyro), which is applied on the upper eyelid. Electrical Stimulation (ES) of the facial nerve is a promising technology to treat dysfunctional eyelid closure following facial paralysis. We used the new gyro-based method to ...
Wu Hua-Shan - - 2013
AIM: To examine the long-term effects of fixed/individualized spaced retrieval combined with Montessori-based activities on nutritional status and body mass index and nutritional improvement's moderating effect on depressive symptoms for people with dementia during a specific follow-up period. BACKGROUND: The decrease in food intake, often combined with poor nutrition, may ...
Parthasarathy Anand - - 2013
The photophysical properties of a series of three cationic π-conjugated oligomers were correlated with their visible light activated biocidal activity vs. S. aeureus in suspension. The oligomers consist of three arylene units (terthiophene, 4a; thiophene-benzotriazole-thiophene, 4b; thiophene-benzothiadiazole-thiophene, 4c) capped on each end by cationic -(CH2)3NMe3+ chains. The set of oligomers ...
Weissferdt Annikka - - 2013
AIMS: We describe three cases of primary adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) with prominent rhabdoid features and study their clinicopathological and immunohistochemical properties. METHODS AND RESULTS: The patients were three females aged 45-55 years (mean 49 years), none of whom had any hormone-related symptoms. Histologically, the characteristic features were rhabdoid tumour cells with prominent ...
Kuhn Thomas - - 2013
European smelt Osmerus eperlanus (n = 501) from the German Wadden Sea (North Sea) near the city of Cuxhaven were examined for their infestation with parasitic anisakid nematodes, especially with sealworms of the genus Pseudoterranova. The distribution of third-stage larvae (L3) in the musculature and viscera of the fish was ...
Bond Michael - - 2013
Ras signaling is central to fundamental and diverse cellular processes. In higher eukaryotes ras signaling is highly complex, involving multiple isoforms, regulatory proteins and effectors. As a consequence, the study of ras activity in mammalian systems presents a number of technical challenges. The model organism Schizosaccharomyces pombe has previously proved ...
Anis Emilia - - 2013
Since 1996, after the full institution of the two-dose measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR) regimen in Israel, rubella incidence has declined dramatically and has remained extremely low. Cyclical outbreaks ended; the two brief outbreaks that did occur were quickly contained; and epidemiological data indicate that the disease is practically ...
Jakobtorweihen Sven - - 2013
The importance of membrane-water partition coefficients led to the recent extension of the conductor-like screening model for realistic solvation (COSMO-RS) to micelles and biomembranes termed COSMOmic. Compared to COSMO-RS, this new approach needs structural information to account for the anisotropy of colloidal systems. This information can be obtained from molecular ...
Murphy P - - 2013
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of algal and yeast β-glucans on the porcine gastrointestinal microbiota, specifically the community of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and coliforms. A total of 48 pigs were fed four diets over a 28-day period to determine the effect that each had on these communities. The ...
Davis Niall F - - 2013
Purpose: Autogenous ileal tissue remains the gold-standard biomaterial for bladder replacement 
purposes; however, cell-seeded extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds have shown promise. Although the biological advantages of cell-seeded ECMs in urological settings are well documented, there is a paucity of data available on their biomechanical properties. In this study, the biomechanical ...
Chandler-Laney P C - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: The assessment of insulin sensitivity and secretion provides useful information about the metabolic health of an individual. Invasive methods are needed to assess insulin sensitivity and secretion but these are difficult to perform in young children. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: The relatively less ...
Bradbury-Jones Caroline - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To present the findings of a structured literature review that aimed to identify the influences on the health, safety and welfare of adults with learning disabilities in acute hospitals. BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence regarding the inadequacy of care for people with learning disabilities in acute care ...
Phillip Moshe - - 2013
Recent studies have shown that an artificial-pancreas system can improve glucose control and reduce nocturnal hypoglycemia. However, it is not known whether such results can be replicated in settings outside the hospital. In this multicenter, multinational, randomized, crossover trial, we assessed the short-term safety and efficacy of an artificial pancreas ...
Mohammad-Rezaei Rahim - - 2013
d-penicillamine-capped cadmium telluride quantum dots (DPA-capped CdTe QDs) were synthesized as the new fluorescent semiconductor nanocrystal in aqueous solution. Fourier transmission infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, ultraviolet-visible and photoluminescence spectroscopy were used for characterization of the QDs. Based on the quenching effect of Cu2+ ions on the fluorescence ...
Singh Neelesh - - 2013
Physiologically as well as industrially, α-galactosidases are very important enzymes, but very little is known about the stability and folding aspect of enzyme. In the present study, we have investigated the temperature, pH, and guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCl) induced unfolding of Cicer α-galactosidase using circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. Strong negative ...
Tjensvoll Kjersti - - 2013
The poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients is associated with the frequent and early dissemination of the disease, as well as late detection due to unspecific and late symptoms from the primary tumor. Pancreatic cancers frequently spread to the liver, lung, and skeletal system, suggesting that pancreatic tumor cells must ...
Kumar Pankaj - - 2013
Four Cu(ii) complexes, , , and , are synthesized with ligands, , , and [ = N1,N2-bis((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)ethane-1,2-diamine; = N1,N3-bis((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)propane-1,3-diamine; = N1,N1,N2-tris((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)ethane-1,2-diamine; = N1-((1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-N1,N2-bis((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)ethane-1,2-diamine], respectively, as their perchlorate salts. The complexes were characterized by various spectroscopic techniques as well as single crystal X-ray structure determination. Nitric oxide reactivities of the complexes ...
Krasnov George S - - 2013
Introduction: Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is a key glycolytic enzyme, but recent studies have shown its non-glycolytic role in cell death, survival mechanisms and diseases. Increase in glycolysis, in particular overexpression of GAPDH, has been considered an important feature of many types of cancer cells. This review focuses on the role ...
Omaruddin Romaica A - - 2013
Accidental exposure to ionizing radiation can be unforeseen, rapid, and devastating. The detonation of a radiological device leading to such an exposure can be detrimental to the exposed population. The radiation-induced damage may manifest as acute effects that can be detected clinically or may be more subtle effects that can ...
Jovelet C - - 2013
Efflux transporters play an important role in the resistance of tumor cells against anticancer agents. Interaction between these transporters, including P-glycoprotein (P-gp), and drugs might influence their pharmacological properties and toxicities. The aim of this study was to investigate whether vandetanib (Caprelsa®), a small tyrosine kinase inhibitor, could interact with ...
Kim Young-Ju - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the relationship of trauma centre characteristics and trauma patient outcomes. BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have documented the impact of trauma centre level, trauma centre verification, volume per centre and per surgeon or resource availability on outcomes among trauma patients. However, there continues to be debated ...
Erdil Nevzat - - 2013
Purpose: This study aimed to establish the role of risk factors in the etiology of postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods: Between September 2001 and March 2008, 1040 patients underwent isolated CABG at our clinic. Nine hundred and eleven of these patients did not have any ...
Bowblis John R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of minimum nurse staffing requirements on the subsequent employment of nursing home support staff. DATA SOURCES: Nursing home data from the Online Survey Certification and Reporting (OSCAR) System merged with state nurse staffing requirements. STUDY DESIGN: Facility-level housekeeping, food service, and activities staff levels are ...
Esmekaya Meric A - - 2013
This study investigated the effects of extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic field with/without iron(III) chloride (FeCl3) on bacterial growth and morphology. The ELF exposures were carried out using a pair of Helmholtz coil-based ELF exposure system which was designed to generate 50 Hz sinusoidal magnetic field. The field was approximately uniform ...
Tsuna Kazuhiro - - 2013
The enantioselective total synthesis of (+)-ophiobolin A is described. This total synthesis features the construction of the spiro CD ring of (+)-ophiobolin A through a stereoselective intramolecular Hosomi-Sakurai cyclization reaction, the joining of the A ring to the CD ring by using a reaction reported by Utimoto, and the construction of the ophiobolin eight-membered carbocyclic ...
Hong Soon-Beom - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) has been shown to affect brain and behavior in rodents and nonhuman primates, but there are few studies focusing on its relationship to human neurobehavior. We aimed to investigate the relationship between environmental exposure to BPA and childhood neurobehavior. METHODS: Urinary BPA concentrations and behavioral and ...
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