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Vinciguerra Federica - - 2013
The prevalence of very severe obesity has increased progressively and faster than other classes of obesity over the last years. It is unclear whether the prevalence of obesity-related complications and health risks increases progressively or reaches a plateau above a certain degree of obesity. The aim of our study was ...
Biron Kaan E - - 2013
Pathogenic neoangiogenesis in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is due to amyloid-beta (Aβ) and results in blood-brain barrier (BBB) leakiness in AD. It likely occurs as a compensatory response to impaired cerebral blood flow and provides a strong link between brain vascularity and AD. Aβ immunotherapy is an experimental treatment for AD; ...
Terent'ev Alexander O - - 2013
Phosphomolybdic acid (PMA) and phosphotungstic acid (PTA) efficiently catalyze the addition of H2O2 to β-diketones to form bridged 1,2,4,5-tetraoxanes. These reactions are not accompanied by the formation of monocyclic peroxides containing hydroxy and hydroperoxide groups or polymeric peroxides. The use of these catalysts made it possible to obtain bridged tetraoxanes ...
Alexiev Borislav A - - 2013
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare, non-Langerhans form of histiocytosis of unknown origin with distinct clinicopathologic and radiographic features. Reports detailing the cytology of ECD are rare. We describe a case of ECD with pericardial effusion. Cytologic examination revealed a hypercellular specimen composed of clusters and singly dispersed foamy macrophages ...
Haag Wendell R - - 2013
Selection is expected to optimize reproductive investment resulting in characteristic trade-offs among traits such as brood size, offspring size, somatic maintenance, and lifespan; relative patterns of energy allocation to these functions are important in defining life-history strategies. Freshwater mussels are a diverse and imperiled component of aquatic ecosystems, but little ...
Hou Ningqi - - 2013
Recent reports have shown that the breast cancer incidence rate in the US stabilized after a sharp reduction in 2002 and 2003. It is important to continue monitoring breast cancer incidence rates according to age group, race/ethnicity, estrogen receptor (ER) status, and tumor stage. Age-standardized breast cancer incidence rates were ...
Debeer Elise - - 2013
Functional avoidance is considered as one of the key mechanisms underlying overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM). According to this view OGM is regarded as a learned cognitive avoidance strategy, based on principles of operant conditioning; i.e., individuals learn to avoid the emotionally painful consequences associated with the retrieval of specific negative ...
Baker Joseph - - 2013
Over the past decade a small evidence base has highlighted the potential importance of seemingly innocuous variables related to one's hands, such as hand dominance and the relative length of the second and fourth digits (2D:4D ratio), to success in sport. This study compared 2D:4D digit ratio and handedness among ...
Khan Gulfaraz - - 2013
In September 2012, a novel coronavirus was isolated from a patient in Saudi Arabia who had died of an acute respiratory illness and renal failure. The clinical presentation was reminiscent of the outbreak caused by the SARS-coronavirus (SARS-CoV) exactly ten years ago that resulted in over 8000 cases. Sequence analysis ...
Corazzini Kirsten N - - 2013
Inadequate pain medication management is pervasive in nursing homes (NHs). Licensed practical nurses (LPNs) deliver the majority of licensed nursing care, but LPNs are neither trained nor licensed to provide comprehensive pain assessment and medication management. In this study, we describe how pain medication management occurs in NHs by exploring ...
Medina-Franco José L - - 2013
Inhibitors of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) are attractive compounds not only as potential therapeutic agents for the treatment of cancer and other diseases, but also as research tools to investigate the role of DNMTs in epigenetic events. Recent advances in high-throughput screening (HTS) for epigenetic targets and the availability of the ...
Wen Shihui - - 2013
We report the use of multifunctional dendrimer-modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) for targeted and pH-responsive delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) into cancer cells. In this study, amine-terminated generation 5 poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimers modified with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FI) and folic acid (FA) were covalently linked to acid-treated MWCNTs, followed by acetylation of ...
Sanders Dirk - - 2013
Species extinctions are biased towards higher trophic levels, and primary extinctions are often followed by unexpected secondary extinctions. Currently, predictions on the vulnerability of ecological communities to extinction cascades are based on models that focus on bottom-up effects, which cannot capture the effects of extinctions at higher trophic levels. We ...
Kumar S Nishanth - - 2013
The synergistic anticandidal activity of three diketopiperazines [cyclo-(L-Pro-L-Leu) (1), cyclo-(D-Pro-L-Leu) (2), and cyclo-(D-Pro-L-Tyr) (3)] purified from a Bacillus sp. N strain associated with entomopathogenic nematode Rhabditis (Oscheius) in combination with amphotericin B and clotrimazole was investigated using the macrodilution method. The minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum fungicidal concentration of the ...
Wang Yaxue - - 2013
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of three models based on the crystal structure of the E343K variant of human ferrochelatase were performed in this study. The "open" and "closed" conformations of the enzyme obtained by simulations are in agreement with the corresponding crystal structures. The snapshots and the structure analysis indicate ...
Martadinata Herry - - 2013
Telomeric-repeat containing RNAs (TERRA) are transcript products of the telomeres. Human TERRA sequences containing UUAGGG repeats can form parallel-stranded G-quadruplexes. The stacking interaction of such structures was shown to be important for ligand targeting and higher-order arrangement of G-quadruplexes in long TERRA sequences. Here we report on the first high-resolution ...
Korehei R - - 2013
AIMS: Antibacterial food packaging materials, such as bacteriophage-activated electrospun fibrous mats, may address concerns triggered by waves of bacterial food contamination. To address this, we investigated several efficient methods for incorporating T4 bacteriophage into electrospun fibrous mats. METHODS AND RESULTS: The incorporation of T4 bacteriophage using simple suspension electrospinning led ...
Gu Hongcheng - - 2013
Photonic crystal materials are developed from colloidal crystal fibers or beads. As the fibers have cylindrical symmetry, the fiber-composed PhCs show anisotropic angle independence. By contrast, the bead-composed PhCs display angle-independent structural colors because of the spherical symmetry of their bead elements.
Akter S - - 2013
SUMMARY Escherichia coli, a prominent waterborne pathogen, causes a variety of gastrointestinal and extraintestinal infections that depend on virulence determinants. To monitor natural aquatic systems for virulence-associated genes of E. coli, multiplex PCR was used in a survey covering 46 major natural water bodies in Bangladesh. DNA was extracted directly ...
Golan M - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: The FEAHQ was originally developed in Israel and designed for use in family-based weight-management interventions that emphasized changes in the environment and in parents' knowledge, behaviors, and modeling. A key distinction of the FEAHQ from other tools is the ability to evaluate the ...
Pan Weihua - - 2013
Primary pulmonary tumors in small children have remained a challenge for pediatric surgeons. Pneumonectomy and radical lobectomy are limitedly indicated due to surgical difficulties and sequelae. Here, we present our experience with a 4-year-old patient who suffered from an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor. A left lower sleeve lobectomy was performed, and ...
Gullick Margaret M - - 2013
Previous event-related potential studies have indicated that both a widespread N400 and an anterior N700 index differential processing of concrete and abstract words, but the nature of these components in relation to concreteness and imagery has been unclear. Here, we separated the effects of word concreteness and task demands on ...
Ownby Raymond L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: High levels of adherence to medications for HIV infection are essential for optimal clinical outcomes and to reduce viral transmission, but many patients do not achieve required levels. Clinician-delivered interventions can improve patients' adherence, but usually require substantial effort by trained individuals and may not be widely available. Computer-delivered ...
Baumann Philipp Sebastian - - 2013
AIM: In a survey conducted in the Lausanne catchment area in 2000, we could estimate on the basis of file assessment that first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients had psychotic symptoms for more than 2 years before treatment and that 50% did not attend any outpatient appointment after discharge from hospital. In ...
Koizumi Yumi - - 2013
To clarify the possible association of frailty with hypertension prevalence, treatment and blood pressure (BP) control in the elderly, we conducted a screening survey of 1091 elderly community-dwelling subjects aged 65 years, using data from public health check-ups and frailty was determined by a 25-item questionnaire, the Basic Checklist for ...
Ren Shiyan - - 2013
Primary large saccular aortic aneurysm with high grade stenosis of aortic arc is rare, and no standard therapy is available. We have encountered one case and successfully treated using a hybrid interventional approach. A 59-year-old woman with a 7-day history of headache, dizziness and chest pain, and a 5-year history ...
Howland Robert H - - 2013
Making a diagnosis is a key step in understanding the natural course of a disorder, selecting an appropriate treatment for the disorder, and predicting its response to treatment. Diagnostic proposals can be evaluated in two ways: reliability and validity. The reliability and validity of diagnoses are not one and the ...
Holyoake D-D - - 2013
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: The traditional view of mental health nursing history as a true representation is dependent on the means and nature by which it is displayed as well as the archaeology used to unearth it. Thinking about history as neither singular nor neutral offers an alternative appreciation. This article uses ...
Wellington Kevin W - - 2013
A commercial laccase, Suberase® from Novozymes, was used to catalyse the synthesis of 5,6-dihydroxylated benzo[b]furans and catechol derivatives. The yields were, in some cases, similar to or better than that obtained by other enzymatic, chemical or electrochemical syntheses. The synthesised derivatives were screened against renal (TK10), melanoma (UACC62), breast (MCF7) ...
Clouthier Sharon C - - 2013
A newly discovered virus, Namao virus, associated with morbidity and mortality, was detected among juvenile lake sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens being propagated by a conservation stocking program for this endangered species in Manitoba, Canada. The outbreaks resulted in cumulative mortalities of 62 to 99.6% among progeny of wild Winnipeg River or ...
Xia Dongliang - - 2013
Oh my goch: The total syntheses of ainsliadimer B and gochnatiolides A and B from α-santonin have been accomplished in 25 steps with approximately 1 % overall yield. A Diels-Alder reaction of natural dehydrozaluzanin C with a monomeric guaianolide derivative allows stereoselective assembly of a dimeric gochnatiolide-type skeleton with the required stereochemistry and preinstalled ...
Li N - - 2013
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory and thrombotic disease, in which both CD4+ T cells and platelets play important roles throughout all stages of atherogenesis. CD4+ T cells are the most abundant T cells present in atherosclerotic lesions. They are primarily seen as type 1 T helper (Th1) cells, while the other ...
Wei Lai - - 2013
Hemodynamic pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPAH) is a common symptom in congenital heart disease (CHD) patients with a left-to-right shunt. Endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and endothelial-like progenitor cells result in significant improvement of right ventricular systolic pressure in established pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) models. We hypothesized that bone marrow (BM)-derived endothelial ...
Ives Jonathan - - 2013
In recent years there has been a wealth of literature arguing the need for empirical and interdisciplinary approaches to bioethics, based on the premise that an empirically informed ethical analysis is more grounded, contextually sensitive and therefore more relevant to clinical practice than an 'abstract' philosophical analysis. Bioethics has (arguably) ...
Almassi Ben - - 2013
Ghostwriting in its various forms has received critical scrutiny from medical ethicists, journal editors, and science studies scholars trying to explain where ghostwriting goes wrong and ascertain how to counter it. Recent analyses have characterized ghostwriting as plagiarism or fraud, and have urged that it be deterred through stricter compliance ...
Kodali Anil K - - 2013
The use of structured nanoparticles as optical contrast agents has led to new sensing opportunities in localizing the analytical volume within or outside the particle. Here we examine the use of structured nanoparticles for controlling the sensed analytical volume and figures of merit for their use. Nano-layered alternating metal-dielectric particles ...
Lescano Julián N - - 2013
Chytridiomycosis is a major threat to amphibian conservation. In Argentina, the pathogenic fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis has been recorded in several localities, and recently, it was registered in amphibians inhabiting low-elevation areas of mountain environments in Córdoba and San Luis provinces. In the present study, we searched for B. dendrobatidis in ...
Ali Md Azahar - - 2013
We present results of the studies relating to fabrication of a microfluidic biosensor chip based on nickel oxide nanorods (NRs-NiO) that is capable of directly measuring the concentration of total cholesterol in human blood through electrochemical detection. Using this chip we demonstrate, with high reliability and in a time efficient ...
Lim Siew Hoon - - 2013
A number of states in the United States have laws restricting drivers from using cellphones. Using state-level panel data, we examined the effect of cellphone laws on fatal crashes in the United States between 2000 and 2010. Our results show that there is insufficient power to detect a reduction in ...
Blanco Luis Z LZ - - 2013
Metanephric adenoma of the kidney is an uncommon benign epithelial neoplasm with only a small number of reports that describe its cytologic features. We describe two additional cases of metanephric adenoma diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration biopsy and review the available literature. Our cases showed similar cytology and were composed of ...
Ménétrier Emmanuelle - - 2013
When they have to memorize a picture, people usually build a memory trace including more extensive boundaries than the original picture, a phenomenon known as boundary extension or BE. This article looks at whether the emotion category expressed (i.e., happiness, pleasure, irritation, or anger) by actors in short films could ...
Patil Pratap S - - 2013
Oligosaccharide syntheses are an important source of well-defined sugar constructs particularly needed for the evaluation of structure-activity relationships. The chemical assembly of oligosaccharides requires several building blocks, that is, glycosyl donors and acceptors, which are prepared in multistep processes and in a generally tedious and time-consuming manner. Having developed one-pot ...
Ogiso Satoshi - - 2013
PURPOSE: Anatomical liver resection is usually based on Couinaud's anatomical concept. In contrast, Hjortsjo's concept, which divides the right anterior section of the liver into ventral and dorsal segments by the vertical plane named the ventral segment fissure (VSF), has been rarely utilized for liver resection. Identification of the VSF ...
Alladin Naazish - - 2013
Chromosomes in human spermatozoa are arranged non-randomly with the centromeres of non-homologous chromosomes forming a chromocenter. We have compared motile and immotile sperm populations in normozoospermic patients to determine if there is any dissimilarity in the formation of the chromocenter and the nuclear position of chromosome 17. Based on the ...
Marcelli Emanuela - - 2013
Purpose: We present an innovative method to quantify the eyeblink by using a miniature gyroscopic sensor (gyro), which is applied on the upper eyelid. Electrical Stimulation (ES) of the facial nerve is a promising technology to treat dysfunctional eyelid closure following facial paralysis. We used the new gyro-based method to ...
Wu Hua-Shan - - 2013
AIM: To examine the long-term effects of fixed/individualized spaced retrieval combined with Montessori-based activities on nutritional status and body mass index and nutritional improvement's moderating effect on depressive symptoms for people with dementia during a specific follow-up period. BACKGROUND: The decrease in food intake, often combined with poor nutrition, may ...
Parthasarathy Anand - - 2013
The photophysical properties of a series of three cationic π-conjugated oligomers were correlated with their visible light activated biocidal activity vs. S. aeureus in suspension. The oligomers consist of three arylene units (terthiophene, 4a; thiophene-benzotriazole-thiophene, 4b; thiophene-benzothiadiazole-thiophene, 4c) capped on each end by cationic -(CH2)3NMe3+ chains. The set of oligomers ...
Weissferdt Annikka - - 2013
AIMS: We describe three cases of primary adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) with prominent rhabdoid features and study their clinicopathological and immunohistochemical properties. METHODS AND RESULTS: The patients were three females aged 45-55 years (mean 49 years), none of whom had any hormone-related symptoms. Histologically, the characteristic features were rhabdoid tumour cells with prominent ...
Kuhn Thomas - - 2013
European smelt Osmerus eperlanus (n = 501) from the German Wadden Sea (North Sea) near the city of Cuxhaven were examined for their infestation with parasitic anisakid nematodes, especially with sealworms of the genus Pseudoterranova. The distribution of third-stage larvae (L3) in the musculature and viscera of the fish was ...
Anis Emilia - - 2013
Since 1996, after the full institution of the two-dose measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR) regimen in Israel, rubella incidence has declined dramatically and has remained extremely low. Cyclical outbreaks ended; the two brief outbreaks that did occur were quickly contained; and epidemiological data indicate that the disease is practically ...
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