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Results 401 - 450 of 3049
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Minnes Sonia - - 2013
Differences in caregiver reported executive function in 12-year-old children who were prenatally exposed to cocaine (PCE) compared to children who were not prenatally exposed to cocaine (NCE) were assessed. One hundred and sixty-nine PCE and 169 NCE, primarily African-American, low socioeconomic status children participated in a prospective longitudinal study. The ...
Ahmad Basit - - 2013
The present study investigates whether a moderate physical activity intervention may alter red cell deformability (RCD) of patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Subjects (n = 10; age: 62 ± 4; body-mass index (BMI): 25.8 ± 7.5) performed a training regimen for 10 weeks. In the beginning of the study and after the training ...
McAdam Scott A M - - 2013
Little is known about how a predominantly passive hydraulic stomatal control in ferns and lycophytes might impact water use under stress. Ferns and lycophytes occupy a diverse array of habitats, from deserts to rainforest canopies, raising the question of whether stomatal behaviour is the same under all ecological strategies and ...
Song Zhong-Bang - - 2013
Formaldehyde (HCHO) is suggested to be detoxified through one-carbon (C1) metabolism or assimilated by the Calvin Cycle in plants. To further understand the function of the Calvin Cycle and C1 metabolism in HCHO-metabolism in plants, HCHO-elimination and -metabolism by Arabidopsis thaliana in HCHO solutions was investigated in this study. Results ...
Wang Wei - - 2013
Clinical classification and age distribution in myasthenia gravis (MG) cases seem different between Oriental and Caucasian populations, but there have rarely been any clinical studies on MG patients from mainland China. The goal of the current study was to perform a comprehensive survey of myasthenia gravis in a hospital in ...
Kim Sung Hoon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although mortality after liver resection has declined, posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) remains a major cause of operative mortality. To date there is not consensus on a definition for PHLF. However, there have been many efforts to define PHLF causing operative mortality. In the present study we sought to identify ...
Shimajiri Yasuka - - 2013
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-protein amino acid commonly present in all organisms. Because cellular levels of GABA in plants are mainly regulated by synthesis (glutamate decarboxylase, GAD) and catabolism (GABA-transaminase, GABA-T), we attempted seed-specific manipulation of the GABA shunt to achieve stable GABA accumulation in rice. A truncated GAD2 ...
Bressan Eriberto - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the reliability of a conometric system for a fixed retention of complete prostheses (CPs) on four implants followed for 2 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients received four implants and only one CPs for a total of 100 implants followed. Each prosthesis ...
Lu Chun-Hua - - 2013
Copolymer chains consisting of acrylamide units and guanine (G)-containing oligonucleotide-tethered acrylamide units undergo in the presence of K(+) ions, crosslinking by G-quadruplexes to yield a hydrogel. The hydrogel is dissociated upon addition of 18-crown-6 ether that traps the K(+) ions. Reversible formation and dissociation of the hydrogel is demonstrated by ...
Jakse Jernej - - 2013
Verticillium wilt (VW) can cause substantial yield loss in hop particularly with the outbreaks of the lethal strain of Verticillium albo-atrum. To elucidate genetic control of VW resistance in hop, an F(1) mapping population derived from a cross of cultivar Wye Target, with the predicted genetic basis of resistance, and ...
Satoh J - - 2013
AIMS: Ubiquilin-1 acts as an adaptor protein that mediates the translocation of polyubiquitinated proteins to the proteasome for degradation. Although previous studies suggested a key role of ubiquilin-1 in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a direct relationship between ubiquilin-1 and Hirano bodies in AD brains remains unknown. METHODS: By ...
Romero Alan - - 2013
Patients with neuromuscular diseases pose many anesthetic challenges and are at a greater risk of perioperative complications, including respiratory or cardiovascular dysfunction and pulmonary aspiration. Therefore, these patients require special precautions, including interdisciplinary communication between primary care physician, neurologists, physiatrists, surgeons, and anesthesiologists. Preoperative evaluation and optimization of comorbid conditions ...
Szolcsányi János - - 2013
Introduction: The selective excitatory action of capsaicin followed by long-term chemoanalgesia due to an action on the 'capsaicin receptor' of C-polymodal nociceptors, cloned 15 years ago, opened up fascinating perspectives for a class of nociceptor blocking analgesics. Areas covered: The TRPV1/capsaicin receptor is an integrative, chemoceptive, noxious heat-gated cation channel ...
Richter Astrid - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The present study is a 10-year comparison (1997 vs. 2007) of occupational and health aspects before and after the implementation of the European Working Time Directive on German hospital physicians. A major focus is whether the changes in working conditions are accompanied by a lower risk for burnout. METHODS: ...
Ocaña Cristina - - 2013
Copper is an essential element for regulation of many biological processes, however, in excess it is considered to be toxic for human health. This metal is frequently accompanied by other elements such as cadmium, nickel and lead. Thus, developing a selective and simple method for determination of copper in a ...
Frase Thomas - - 2013
Recent gene expression data suggest that the region on which the onychophoran antenna is situated corresponds to the anteriormost, apparently appendage-less region of the arthropod head. The fate of the onychophoran antenna (or any appendage-like precursor), also called the primary antenna, has been discussed intensively, and there are conflicting suggestions ...
Lawrence M D - - 2013
The TRAMP (Transgenic Adenocarcinoma of the Mouse Prostate) and LADY (Probasin-large T antigen transgenic mouse) mice are widely used autochthonous models of prostate cancer. Both models utilise probasin promoters to direct androgen-regulated expression of oncogenic SV40 specifically to epithelial cells of the mouse prostate. The oncogenic processes and phenotypes which ...
Pourhassan M - - 2013
Background/Objectives:We intended to (i) to compare the composition of weight loss and weight gain using densitometry, deuterium dilution (D(2)O), dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the four-compartment (4C) model and (ii) to compare regional changes in fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM) and skeletal muscle as assessed ...
Liu Yufeng - - 2013
Monodispersed nanopompons and thin films of CuInS(2) with hierarchical nanostructure are obtained via a solvothermal method. The hierarchical thin film of CuInS(2) has been reported for the first time to display excellent catalytic activity as a counter electrode in dye-sensitized solar cells, and a power conversion efficiency of 4.8% is ...
Estrada Beatriz - - 2013
Soil salinity restricts plant growth and productivity. Na(+) represents the major ion causing toxicity because it competes with K(+) for binding sites at the plasma membrane. Inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can alleviate salt stress in the host plant through several mechanisms. These may include ion selection during the ...
Dufour Matthieu - - 2013
Cysteine-conjugated volatile thiols are powerful aromatic compounds that contribute to the fruity notes of many white wines and especially Sauvignon Blanc. Genetic selection programs of wine yeast starters able to produce more volatile thiols constitute, therefore, an important goal for the wine industry. Recent investigations on yeast metabolism suggested that ...
Kul Seval - - 2013
In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis of self-controlled cohort studies comparing body weights, blood levels of lipids and fasting blood glucose levels before and after Ramadan taking into account gender differences. Several databases were searched up to June 2012 for studies showing an effect of Ramadan fasting in healthy ...
Abdelhamid Ghada - - 2013
The objective of the current study was to investigate the effect of vanadium (V(5+)) on Cyp1 expression and activity in C57BL/6 mice liver and isolated hepatocytes. For this purpose, C57BL6 mice were injected intraperitoneally with V(5+) (5 mg/kg) in the absence and presence of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) (15 μg/kg) for 6 and 24 h. ...
Yin Shi - - 2013
Reaction of CO with H(2) on neutral Fe(m)S(n) clusters in a fast flow reactor is investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Single photon ionization at 118 nm is used to detect neutral cluster distributions through time of flight mass spectrometry. Fe(m)S(n) clusters are generated through laser ablation of a mixed iron-sulfur ...
Magruder J Trent - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Rectal prolapse is commonly seen in patients with significant co-morbidities. Multiple approaches have been described, including the use of laparoscopy. The purpose of this study was to determine if laparoscopic approaches for repair of rectal prolapse are associated with less short-term morbidity than open approaches. METHODS: The American College ...
Liu Sheng-Yuan - - 2013
AIM: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactor disease that has been reported to have a close association with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response. In the response, the regulator factor human X-box-binding protein 1 (XBP1) has been shown to facilitate the refolding and degradation of misfolded proteins, prevent neurotoxicity of amyloid-beta (Aβ) ...
Shinomiya Aya - - 2013
3'-Deoxy-3'-[(18)F]-fluorothymidine ([(18)F]-FLT), a marker of cellular proliferation, has been used in positron emission tomography (PET) examination of gliomas. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the uptake of [(18)F]-FLT in glioma correlates with messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of the equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (ENT1), microvascular density (assessed by ...
Palese Alvisa - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to (a) validate N2N Healthy Work Environment tool, (b) assess the healthiness of work environments as perceived by nurses themselves and (c) identify the factors associated with Italian nurses' perception of work environment healthiness. METHODS: The linguistic and cultural adaptation of USA-N2N Healthy ...
Alexander Chelsea K A - - 2013
International exchange training in genetic counseling is increasing, but research examining these experiences is lacking. In this study 309 genetic counseling students and genetic counselors completed an anonymous survey investigating six major research questions: (1) How prevalent are international genetic counseling experiences? (2) What types are pursued and why? (3) ...
Kisacik Izzet - - 2013
Boron doped diamond (BDD) electrodes have an extremely high over-voltage for oxygen evolution from water, which favours its use in oxidation processes of other compounds at high potentials. We used a rotating ring disc (RRDE) assembly and differential electrochemical mass spectrometry (DEMS) in order to monitor the consumption or the ...
Hegg Jens C - - 2013
Human disturbances to ecosystems have created challenges to populations worldwide, forcing them to respond phenotypically in ways that increase their fitness under current conditions. One approach to examining population responses to disturbance in species with complex life histories is to study species that exhibit spatial patterns in their phenotypic response ...
Motazedian M - - 2013
Differentiated thyroid carcinoma is rare in patients younger than 21 years, especially in children, but it is associated with a greater risk of metastases and recurrence. The aim of our study was to compare the characteristics, clinical course, and outcome of the disease between young children (≤16 years) and adolescents (17-21 years). We ...
Wu Hao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Human miR-34c has been reported to be associated with various human malignancies; however, it remains unknown whether miR-34c is involved in chemoresistance in gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of miR-34c in gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The adenosine triphosphate-based tumor chemosensitivity assay ...
Ayrignac Xavier - - 2013
Introduction: Sensory chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) can be difficult to diagnose. Method: We report 22 patients with chronic sensory polyneuropathy with ≥1 clinical sign atypical for chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy (CIAP) but no electrodiagnostic criteria for CIDP. Results: Clinical signs atypical for CIAP were: sensory ataxia (59%), generalized areflexia ...
Alius Manuela G - - 2013
Although respiratory symptoms are relevant for diagnosis and etiology of panic disorder, anxiety responses and breathing behavior evoked by induction of dyspnea have rarely been studied. Therefore, dyspnea sensations and affective evaluations evoked by inspiratory resistive loads of different intensities were first assessed in 23 individuals with high versus 24 ...
Serati Maurizio - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To identify how many patients with symptoms of pure stress urinary incontinence (SUI) do not require any surgical treatment on the basis of urodynamics (UDS) and how many patients still do not require surgery 1 year after UDS. To assess the outcomes of these patients at 12-month follow-up. PATIENTS ...
Nyström Helena Filipsson - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To study hyperthyroidism in long-term iodine sufficiency (IS), as iodine supply affects its occurrence. DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study PATIENTS: In 2003-2005, all referred cases of subclinical (SH) and overt hyperthyroidism (OH) were registered at diagnosis from a population (n=631239) in Gothenburg, Sweden. MEASUREMENTS: Information on age, gender, smoking, thyroid ...
Dante Angelo - - 2013
Empirical studies and conceptual frameworks presented in the extant literature offer a static imagining of academic failure. Time-to-event analysis, which captures the dynamism of individual factors, as when they determine the failure to properly tailor timely strategies, impose longitudinal studies which are still lacking within the field. The aims of ...
Fukuda Izumi - - 2013
Untreated acromegaly is associated with a twofold to fourfold increased mortality risk compared to the population. Recently, new therapeutic modalities have been developed and may contribute to an improvement in treatment outcomes in patients with acromegaly. In the current study we determined the clinical features and recent therapeutic outcomes in ...
Pons M-L - - 2013
Zinc isotope abundances are fairly constant in igneous rocks and shales and are left unfractionated by hydrothermal processes at pH < 5.5. For that reason, Zn isotopes in sediments can be used to trace the changing chemistry of the hydrosphere. Here, we report Zn isotope compositions in Fe oxides from banded iron ...
Oliver Paula - - 2013
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) have a great potential for nutrition and obesity studies. PBMC reflect the nutritional response of key organs involved in energy homeostasis maintenance, which is altered in the obese state. Here, we aimed to determine the usefulness of PBMC as a source of early markers of ...
Loukas Marios - - 2013
There are a manifold number of variations and anomalies of the origin and course of coronary arteries described in the literature. The incidence of such variations in the general population is reported to range between 0.3 and 1.6 %. Although uncommon, they may be benign or produce symptoms ranging from mild ...
Zhang Kun - - 2013
We report a study of the comparative solvothermal syntheses, using traditional and microwave ovens, of two complexes [Co(4)(μ(3)-OMe)(4)(L)(4)(MeOH)(4)], where (HL = Hhmb, 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzaldehyde () or Hheb = 2-hydroxy-3-ethoxy-benzaldehyde ()), their crystal structures and magnetic properties in the solid state and the ESI-MS of the solutions. The microwave heating is more ...
Wink J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Segmental dose reduction with increasing age after thoracic epidural anaesthesia (TEA) has been documented. We hypothesised that after a fixed loading dose of ropivacaine at the T3-T4 level, increasing age would result in more extended analgesic spread. In addition, other aspects of neural blockade and haemodynamic changes were studied. ...
Park Sooyeon - - 2013
A Gram-staining-negative, non-spore-forming, aerobic, non-flagellated, non-gliding and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated M-M3(T), was isolated from marine sand on the southern coast of South Korea and subjected to a polyphasic study. Strain M-M3(T) was observed to grow optimally at 25-30 °C, at pH 7.0-8.0 and in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl. ...
Solomonia Revaz O - - 2013
There is strong evidence that a restricted part of the chick forebrain, the intermediate medial mesopallium (IMM), stores information acquired through the learning process of visual imprinting. We have previously demonstrated that at 1 h but not 24 h after imprinting training, a learning-specific increase in the amount of membrane Thr286-autophosphorylated α-calcium/calmodulin-dependent ...
Tosh S M - - 2013
Oat and barley foods have been shown to reduce human glycaemic response, compared to similar wheat foods or a glucose control. The strength of the evidence supporting the hypothesis that the soluble fibre, mixed linkage β-glucan, reduces glycaemic response was evaluated. A search of the literature was conducted to find ...
Shi Dangwei - - 2013
We report a simple, rapid and efficient strategy for modification of gold nanorods (AuNRs) with thiolated DNA at low solution pH and high salt concentration. DNA functionalized AuNRs were then used to assemble with DNA modified gold nanoparticles to form discrete satellite nanostructures.
Lauretti Gabriela Rocha - - 2013
Fibromyalgia is characterized by a range of symptoms that include muscle pain, fatigue and sleep disorders. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is an established method for pain relief. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the use of two simultaneously new TENS devices for ...
Duan Jubao - - 2013
The extent to which RNA stability differs between individuals and its contribution to the interindividual expression variation remain unknown. We conducted a genome-wide analysis of RNA stability in seven human HapMap lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) and analyzed the effect of DNA sequence variation on RNA half-life differences. Twenty-six percent of ...
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