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Results 401 - 450 of 3060
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Bendixen Mons - - 2013
We investigated the influence of the sex of the target and the sex of the sender on the judgment of slurs (verbal derogation). From previous research, we selected and clustered slurs into seven categories and respondents rated their degree of perceived insult in two consecutive questionnaire surveys (N = 281 and N = 224, ...
Vanhatalo Anni - - 2013
The extent to which dietary supplementation with the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) substrate, L-arginine (ARG), impacts on NO production and NO-mediated physiological responses is controversial. This randomised, double blinded, cross-over study investigated the effects of acute ARG supplementation on NO biomarkers, O(2) cost of exercise and exercise tolerance in humans. ...
Fidler Andrew F - - 2013
We present a theory for a bath model in which we approximate the adiabatic nuclear potential surfaces on the ground and excited electronic states by displaced harmonic oscillators that differ in curvature. Calculations of the linear and third-order optical response functions employ an effective short-time approximation coupled with the cumulant ...
Fingert John H JH Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences - - 2014
The gene that causes normal tension glaucoma (NTG) in a large pedigree was recently mapped to a region of chromosome 12q14 (GLC1P) that contains the genes TBK1, XPOT, RASSF3, and GNS. We sought to investigate the structure of the chromosome 12q14 duplication and explore the ocular expression of GLC1P locus ...
Ribeiro Marcos A - - 2013
Bi-stable molecular systems presenting valence tautomerism are associated with the development of new functional materials, which can be used for applications in organic electric conductors, optoelectronic and molecular magnetic devices. The properties of these materials can be adjusted with slight chemical changes and can be induced by external stimuli. Typical ...
Lin Miao - - 2013
We recently showed that Toll-like receptor (TLR) TLR4 was overexpressed in the human diabetic kidney, which could promote tubular inflammation. Here we explored whether the TLR4 antagonist, CRX-526, has therapeutic potential to attenuate renal injuries and slow the progression of advanced diabetic nephropathy in wild-type and endothelial nitric oxide synthase ...
Réus Gislaine Z - - 2013
Studies have shown a relationship between energy metabolism and methylphenidate (MPH); however, there are no studies evaluating the effects of MPH in Krebs cycle. So, we investigated if MPH treatment could alter the activity of citrate synthase (CS), malate dehydrogenase (MD), and isocitrate dehydrogenase (ID) in the brain of young ...
Jazini Mohammadhadi - - 2013
Escherichia coli is widely used host for the intracellular expression of many proteins. However, in some cases also secretion of protein from periplasm was observed. Improvement of both intracellular and extracellular production of recombinant protein in E. coli is an attractive goal in order to reduce production cost and increase ...
Scurrell Emma J - - 2013
Unilateral corneolimbal squamous cell carcinoma associated with intraocular invasion is described in two unrelated cats. The diagnosis was made on histopathological examination of the enucleated globes in both cases. Findings revealed squamous cell carcinoma infiltrating the limbus, adjacent cornea, and sclera with associated intraocular invasion at the level of the ...
Medjo Biljana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The role of pet exposure in childhood asthma and allergy is still controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between pet keeping during different periods of childhood and asthma and sensitization in school children. METHODS: One hundred and forty-nine children aged between 7 and 14 ...
Jørgensen C C - - 2013
Smoking and alcohol use impair post-operative outcomes. However, no studies include fast-track surgery, which is a multimodal-enhanced recovery programme demonstrated to improve outcome. We hypothesised that outcome is similar in smokers and alcohol users as in non-users after fast-track hip and knee arthroplasty. Prospective questionnaires on co-morbidity and smoking/alcohol use ...
Trisi Paolo - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To measure in vivo impact of dense bone overheating on implant osseointegration and peri-implant bone resorption comparing different bur irrigation methods vs. no irrigation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty TI-bone(®) implants were inserted in the inferior edge of mandibles of sheep. Different cooling procedures were used in each group: no ...
Keilitz Juliane - - 2013
A new enantioselective rhodium-catalyzed domino reaction is described that gives access to fused heterocycles by desymmetrization of alkyne-tethered cyclohexadienones. Two new C-C bonds and two stereocenters are formed in one step with good enantioselectivity. In contrast to prior reports, it was found that a vinylidene is not involved in the ...
Guegan Fabien - - 2013
Trypanosomal infection-induced anaemia is a devastating scourge for cattle in widespread regions. Although T. vivax is considered as one of the most important parasites regarding economic impact in Africa and South America, very few in-depth studies have been conducted due to the difficulty of manipulating this parasite. Several hypotheses were ...
Zhang Hong - - 2013
δ-Catenin is the only member of the p120 catenin (p120ctn) subfamily whose normal pattern of expression is restricted to the brain. Similar to p120ctn, δ-catenin can bind to the juxtamembrane domain of E-cadherin. We examined the expression of δ-catenin, p120ctn, and E-cadherin using immunohistochemistry in 95 cases of colorectal cancer ...
Di Maria Michael V - - 2013
Infants with shunt-dependent single-ventricle (SV) physiology are at risk for poor weight gain before superior cavopulmonary connection (SCPC). Lower weight-for-age z-score is a risk factor for prolonged length of stay (LOS) after SCPC. We sought to characterize infant growth and feeding and determine the effect of method of feeding on ...
Dong Jinghui - - 2013
Cardiovascular risks increase in postmenopausal women. While vitamin D is supplemented for osteoporosis, it is not known whether it protects renal arterial function during estrogen deficiency. Here we measured changes in renovascular reactivity induced by ovariectomy in rats and examined whether calcitriol, the most active form of vitamin D, was ...
Högberg Lars L Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate, Sweden. - - 2013
The root causes and impacts of three severe accidents at large civilian nuclear power plants are reviewed: the Three Mile Island accident in 1979, the Chernobyl accident in 1986, and the Fukushima Daiichi accident in 2011. Impacts include health effects, evacuation of contaminated areas as well as cost estimates and ...
Dolganov Alexander V - - 2013
New macrobicyclic 2-thiopheneboron-capped iron and cobalt(ii) tris-dioximates showed high electrocatalytic activity for hydrogen production from H(+) ions. This is the first example of the hydrogen evolution reaction electrocatalyzed by a clathrochelate iron complex, which catalyzes the hydrogen production at low overpotential.
Katanuma Akio - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) provides high diagnostic accuracy with a low incidence of procedural complications. However, it occasionally causes serious complications, and factors that increase the susceptibility to such adverse events remain unknown. AIMS: We aimed to examine post-procedural events and determine risk factors associated with EUS-FNA ...
Chun Chan Lan - - 2013
Avian botulism, a paralytic disease of birds, often occurs on a yearly cycle and is increasingly becoming more common in the Great Lakes. Outbreaks are caused by bird ingestion of neurotoxins produced by Clostridium botulinum, a spore-forming, gram-positive, anaerobe. The nuisance, macrophytic, green alga Cladophora (Chlorophyta; mostly Cladophora glomerata L.) ...
Lin Yen-Ko - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention in improving emergency department (ED) patient privacy and satisfaction in the crowded ED setting. METHODS: A pre- and post-intervention study was conducted. A multifaceted intervention was implemented in a university-affiliated hospital ED. The intervention developed strategies to improve ED patient ...
Gaylord Monica L - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that drought predisposes trees to insect attacks, we quantified the effects of water availability on insect attacks, tree resistance mechanisms, and mortality of mature piñon pine (Pinus edulis) and one-seed juniper (Juniperus monosperma) using an experimental drought study in New Mexico, USA. The study had four ...
Corazza Ornella - - 2013
AIMS: To review the recreational use of ketamine ("Special K"; KET) and explore the recent diffusion of its new derivative methoxetamine ("Special M"; MXE). METHODS: The literature search on the nonclinical/recreational use of KET and MXE was carried out in a range of medical databases. Considering the limitations of peer-reviewed ...
Leikin J B - - 2013
Context. With regard to biological effects, the increasing number of early failure of metal-on-metal (MoM) hip arthroplasties and possible parenteral exposure to orthopedic metal alloys have caused concern for patients and providers alike. Objective. We sought to characterize our outpatient clinical experience of patients with MoM and other forms of ...
Munneke Moniek A M - - 2013
Introduction: Excitotoxicity plays an important role in the pathogenesis of the preferential motor neuron death observed in ALS. Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (cTBS) by transcranial magnetic stimulation has an inhibitory effect on corticospinal excitability (CSE). We characterized the neurophysiological changes induced by cTBS in ALS. Methods: The patients received 5 ...
Maitre Julien - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of sensory manipulations on postural control for subjects of different ages. A young group of subjects (n = 17; 20.0 ± 1.3 years) and an old group of subjects (n = 17; 74.7 ± 6.3 years) were compared in 14 postural conditions [2 reference conditions and 12 sensory manipulation conditions: ...
Chen Lei - - 2013
GATA-binding protein 2 (GATA2) is a nuclear transcription factor that plays a critical role in tumorigenesis. High levels of GATA2 expression are correlated with poor survival outcomes in many types of cancer. However, the expression and prognostic significance of GATA2 in colorectal cancer remain unknown. In this study, GATA2 protein ...
Chambers Catharine - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of mental health problems among a representative sample of homeless women with and without dependent children and determine if the effects of risk factors for mental health are modified by the presence of dependent children. Homeless women (n = 522) were recruited ...
Minnes Sonia - - 2013
Differences in caregiver reported executive function in 12-year-old children who were prenatally exposed to cocaine (PCE) compared to children who were not prenatally exposed to cocaine (NCE) were assessed. One hundred and sixty-nine PCE and 169 NCE, primarily African-American, low socioeconomic status children participated in a prospective longitudinal study. The ...
Newcombe Virginia F J VF Division of Anaesthesia, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke's Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2013
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is often exacerbated by events that lead to secondary brain injury, and represent potentially modifiable causes of mortality and morbidity. Diffusion tensor imaging was used to characterize tissue at-risk in a group of 35 patients scanned at a median of 50 hours after injury. Injury progression ...
Ahmad Basit - - 2013
The present study investigates whether a moderate physical activity intervention may alter red cell deformability (RCD) of patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Subjects (n = 10; age: 62 ± 4; body-mass index (BMI): 25.8 ± 7.5) performed a training regimen for 10 weeks. In the beginning of the study and after the training ...
McTeer Jennifer - - 2013
Abstract This study assessed the bioavailability, toxicity and transfer of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in comparison with AgNO3 in two model food chain organisms; the alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and the grazing crustacean Daphnia magna. The effects of phosphate, a potential Ag+ binding ligand and a determinant of phytoplankton productivity, were evaluated. ...
Martín Miguel M Department of Medical Oncology, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain. - - 2013
To identify a group of patients who might benefit from the addition of weekly paclitaxel to conventional anthracycline-containing chemotherapy as adjuvant therapy of node-positive operable breast cancer. The predictive value of PAM50 subtypes and the 11-gene proliferation score contained within the PAM50 assay were evaluated in 820 patients from the ...
Yousif Uqba N - - 2013
An association has been demonstrated between haemorrhoids and joint hypermobility. Reasons for this are discussed. Many performing artists are hypermobile and the extra-articular features of joint hypermobility should not be forgotten or underestimated as a potential constraint upon performance.
Vähäkangas Jarkko - - 2013
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data for graphenes are mainly lacking in the literature. We provide quantitative first-principles quantum-chemical calculations of NMR chemical shifts and shielding anisotropies as well as spin-spin couplings and anisotropies for increasingly large, hexagon-like fragments of graphene, hydrogenated graphene (graphane) and fluorinated graphene (fluorographene). Due to the ...
Chtchigrovsky Mélanie - - 2013
A series of bimetallic [(NHC)PtX(2)](2)(diamine) complexes have been prepared as a new chemotype for potential anticancer agents. These complexes display an uncommon set of structural features as far as they combine two bifunctional, trans-configured platinum centers. They display cytotoxic activities in the micromolar range on many cancerous cell lines and ...
Zhang Zhongling - - 2013
Cerebral ischemic stroke is one of the most prevalent diseases in senior individuals. Its therapeutical strategies include anticoagulation, thrombolysis and cell protection. Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) that interacts with thrombin for the lysis of thrombosis is widely used to treat stroke patients in early stage. The mechanism of action of ...
Liu Jin - - 2013
Isochrysis is a genus of marine unicellular microalgae that produces docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6), a very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) of significant health and nutritional value. Mass cultivation of Isochrysis for DHA production for human consumption has not been established due to disappointing low DHA productivity obtained from ...
Starkewolf Zane B - - 2013
Enhanced cellular toxicity was observed using X-ray irradiated nanoparticle drug carriers (NDC) consisting of doxorubicin (DOX) conjugated to DNA strands attached to the surface of gold nanoparticles. Kinetic studies showed that X-rays, acting as a triggering modality, generated reactive oxygen species to break DNA strands and release DOX.
Kalikka J - - 2013
Thin films of gallium/antimony alloys are promising candidates for phase change memories requiring rapid crystallization at high crystallization temperatures. Prominent examples are the stoichiometric form GaSb and alloys near the eutectic composition GaSb(7), but little is known about their amorphous structures or the differences between the 'as-deposited' (AD) and 'melt-quenched' ...
Artyushkova K - - 2013
Our results validate the use of independent DFT predicted BE shifts for defect identification and constraining ambient pressure XPS observations for Me-N(x) moieties in pyrolyzed carbon based ORR electrocatalysts. This supports the understanding of such catalysts as vacancy-and-substitution defects in a graphene-like matrix.
Takeda Atsushi A Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526, Japan. - - 2013
The decrease in serum zinc is linked to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation that increases the serum glucocorticoid level, indicating the importance of zinc homeostasis in physiological function. Zinc homeostasis in the brain is maintained through the blood-brain and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barriers. At young age, however, the increase in zinc ...
Sanders Heather L - - 2013
1 I. Introduction 1 II. Microevolutionary perspectives on SEDE 3 III. Macroevolutionary perspectives on SEDE 5 IV. SEDE and the distribution of outcrossing rates in angiosperms 8 V. Redirection of study to challenge Stebbins' claims 9 Acknowledgements 10 References 10 SUMMARY: To provide a comparative framework to understand the evolution ...
Cimador Marcello - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The use of covering urethroplasty with flaps in hypospadias surgery has been well recommended. Various techniques have been described for flap harvesting. The aim of the present study was to compare the outcome and complication rate of dorsal preputial flaps and ventral dartos flaps. METHODS: A total of 130 ...
van Kampen V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Skin prick testing (SPT) is an important step in the diagnosis of IgE-mediated occupational allergic diseases. The outcome of SPT is related to the quality of allergen extracts. Thus, the aim of the study was to assess different commercially available SPT solutions for selected occupational allergens. METHODS: SPT was ...
Nadiminti Pavani Praveen - - 2013
Agrochemical spray formulations applied to plants are often mixed with surfactants that facilitate delivery of the active ingredient. However, surfactants cause phytotoxicity and off-target effects in the environment. We propose the use of nanostructured liquid crystalline particles (NLCP) as an alternative to surfactant-based agrochemical delivery. For this we have compared ...
Park Chul-Hyun CH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yeungnam University Hospital, Daegu, South - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the results of hallux valgus surgery between feet fixed with Kirschner wires and those fixed with a plate and screws. Between December 2008 and November 2009, 53 patients (62 feet) were treated with proximal chevron osteotomy and distal soft tissue procedure for ...
Kim Won-Dong - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: CD8(+) cell infiltration and apoptosis of airway epithelial cells is increased in COPD. CD8(+) T cells induce apoptosis by releasing granzymes, which can also cause extracellular matrix degradation and remodeling. Granzyme B levels and T cells expressing granzyme B are increased in BAL fluid of COPD patients, ...
Foster-Fishman Pennie G - - 2013
This study expanded the citizen participation literature by examining the dynamic nature of citizen participation and the extent to which the factors associated with citizen participation may be moderated by resident leadership status. Longitudinal survey data collected from 542 residents in one small Midwestern city implementing a community change initiative ...
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