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Results 301 - 350 of 3049
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López-Olmeda J F - - 2013
The endocrine axis controlling the stress response displays daily rhythms in many factors such as adrenal sensitivity and cortisol secretion. These rhythms have mostly been described in mammals, whereas they are poorly understood in teleost fish, so that their impact on fish welfare in aquaculture remains unexplored. In the present ...
Ney M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a common and clinically significant problem in patients with cirrhosis. The impact of nutritional therapy remains unclear. AIM: To provide an up-to-date systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs of oral or enteral nutritional supplementation (ONS or ENS) on nutritional and clinical outcomes in adult patients with cirrhosis. ...
Plummer Ruth - - 2013
PURPOSE: poly(ADP ribose) polymerase inhibition has been shown to potentiate the cytotoxicity of DNA damaging agents. A phase I study of rucaparib and temozolomide showed that full-dose temozolomide could be given during PARP inhibition. We report the results of a phase II study of intravenous rucaparib 12 mg/m(2) and oral temozolomide ...
Li Ning - - 2013
The complete mitochondrial genome of the Pacific sand lance Ammodytes hexapterus was determined. The entire sequence is 16,527 bp in length assembling 22 tRNAs, 2 rRNAs and 13 protein-coding genes as well as the putative control region and O(L). The gene arrangement and component are identical to those of canonical vertebrate ...
de Castro Leonardo D - - 2013
The Philippine government officially responded to the Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and the related WHO Guidelines on organ transplantation by prohibiting all transplants to foreigners using Filipino organs. However, local tourists have escaped the regulatory radar, leaving a very wide gap in efforts against human trafficking and transplant ...
Wang Y - - 2013
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met (rs4680) polymorphism plays a crucial role in regulating brain dopamine level. Converging evidence from Caucasian samples showed that, compared with rs4680 Val allele, the Met allele was linked to lower COMT activity, which in turn was linked to better cognitive performance such as working memory (WM) and ...
Itoh Kyoto - - 2013
Lethal congenital contracture syndrome (LCCS) is an autosomal recessive disease, characterized by the fetal akinesia phenotype, with multiple contractures of joints and degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord as the main neuropathological findings [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. Recent studies have shown that the defective gene underlying the ...
Miao Rong - - 2013
A novel, facile and effective method for modification of SiNWs or SiNW arrays has been developed. In this method, reaction between reductive Si-H bonds on the surface of SiNWs and the aldehyde group containing in organic molecules has been used for immobilization of organic molecules onto the surface of SiNW ...
Song Z - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective analysis evaluates the clinical outcomes of extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients who received second-line chemotherapy after platinum-based first-line chemotherapy, especially focusing on efficacy and toxicity between single-agent and combination chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 193 patients who received second-line chemotherapy for extensive-stage SCLC. Patients relapsing ...
Wagner Michael - - 2013
Interactions between the enteric nervous system and the immune system are suggested to play an important role in the pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study aims to determine if chromogranin A (CgA), chromogranin B (CgB), and secretoneurin (SN) are detectable in feces (F) from patients with collagenous colitis ...
Frauenfelder F - - 2013
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: The use of a standardized nursing language enhances nursing quality. The Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) considers any treatment by nurses that improve patient outcomes. The present study identifies nursing interventions in journal articles on adult psychiatric inpatient nursing care. These interventions are compared with the NIC entries to ...
Lu Lingli - - 2013
Sedum alfredii is one of a few species known to hyperaccumulate zinc (Zn) and cadmium (Cd). Xylem transport and phloem remobilization of Zn in hyperaccumulating (HP) and nonhyperaccumulating (NHP) populations of S. alfredii were compared. Micro-X-ray fluorescence (μ-XRF) images of Zn in the roots of the two S. alfredii populations suggested an ...
Tsao Sean W - - 2013
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness worldwide for which preventative therapies are few. Evidence suggesting shared common risk factors and mirrored pathophysiology between cardiovascular disease and AMD led to the hypothesis that hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) could be helpful in preventing AMD. For over a decade, ...
Terashima Yoshitaka - - 2013
Boron-modified pyrrole-based anion receptors (catechol-boron and diphenylboron dipyrrolyldiketone derivatives) formed planar receptor-anion complexes, leading to charge-by-charge assemblies with planar cations, as in the corresponding difluoroboron derivative.
Neophytou Andreas M - - 2013
Ambient particulate matter (PM) has been shown to have short- and long-term effects on cardiorespiratory mortality and morbidity. Most of the risk is associated with fine PM (PM(2.5)); however, recent evidence suggests that desert dust outbreaks are major contributors to coarse PM (PM(10-2.5)) and may be associated with adverse health ...
Gómez-Orte Eva - - 2013
LTR retrotransposons are major components of plant genomes playing important roles in the evolution of their host genomes, for example, generating new genes or providing new promoters to existing genes. The Grande family of retrotransposons is present in Zea species and is characterized by an unusually long internal region due ...
Hou Wai Kai - - 2013
This study examined prospective reciprocity between psychological distress and subjective well-being and the role of change in psychosocial resources in the reciprocity in the year following cancer diagnosis. Psychological distress (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), subjective well-being (Chinese Affect Scale and Satisfaction with Life Scale), and psychosocial resources of 180 ...
Wang Min - - 2013
Enantioselective cyclization of α-isocyano esters with azodicarboxylates catalyzed by Fe(II)-N,N'-dioxide complexes has been developed. Under mild conditions, a variety of 1,2,4-triazoline derivatives was obtained in high yields and enantioselectivities.
Slattery E - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Spending on hospital inpatients comprises a major proportion of healthcare costs. This study assessed the impact of systematic feedback to gastroenterologists on the cost of care provided to inpatients on a gastrointestinal/hepatology (GIH) hospital service. METHODS: Patients with a GIH diagnosis were randomly assigned to be cared for by ...
Wu Jia - - 2013
The destruction of the integrity of the gastric epithelial barrier underlies the pathology of many gastric diseases, including gastric tumors. The Helicobacter pylori virulence factor CagA is one of the main destroyers of the gastric epithelial barrier. There are differences among CagA proteins that originate from different isolates. CagA translocated ...
Gashti N G - - 2013
Varicocele is the abnormal inflexion and distension of veins of the pampiniform plexus within spermatic cord and is one of the amendable causes of male infertility. It can increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in semen and cause oxidative stress. The purpose of this study was to analyse spermatozoa mtDNA 4977-bp ...
Fa Wei - - 2013
Substitutional doping of gold and copper atoms in a (4, 4) silver single-wall nanotube has been investigated using first-principles simulations. It is found that the Au- and Cu-substitutional doping of the tip-suspended (4, 4) Ag tube can maintain the hollow tubular structure at different alloy compositions due to the existence ...
Torad Nagy L - - 2013
Nanoporous carbon particles with different particle sizes are synthesized by simple carbonization of monodispersed zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) crystals. Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) study proves that the use of small-sized nanoporous carbon can lead to both a large adsorption uptake and a faster sensor response for toxic toluene molecules.
Hu Xiaogang - - 2013
Introduction: The reliability of estimated motor unit parameters using spike triggered averaging (STA) of the surface electromyogram (sEMG) has not been tested thoroughly. We investigated factors that may induce amplitude bias in estimated motor unit action potentials (MUAPs) and shape variations. Methods: An sEMG record was simulated. MUAPs were then ...
Bendixen Mons - - 2013
We investigated the influence of the sex of the target and the sex of the sender on the judgment of slurs (verbal derogation). From previous research, we selected and clustered slurs into seven categories and respondents rated their degree of perceived insult in two consecutive questionnaire surveys (N = 281 and N = 224, ...
Pei Ying - - 2013
Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) blood stages express falstatin, an inhibitor of cysteine proteases (ICP), which is implicated in regulating proteolysis during red blood cell infection. Recent data using the Plasmodium berghei rodent malaria model suggested an additional role for ICP in the infection of hepatocytes by sporozoites and during liver stage ...
Vanhatalo Anni - - 2013
The extent to which dietary supplementation with the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) substrate, L-arginine (ARG), impacts on NO production and NO-mediated physiological responses is controversial. This randomised, double blinded, cross-over study investigated the effects of acute ARG supplementation on NO biomarkers, O(2) cost of exercise and exercise tolerance in humans. ...
Scurrell Emma J - - 2013
Unilateral corneolimbal squamous cell carcinoma associated with intraocular invasion is described in two unrelated cats. The diagnosis was made on histopathological examination of the enucleated globes in both cases. Findings revealed squamous cell carcinoma infiltrating the limbus, adjacent cornea, and sclera with associated intraocular invasion at the level of the ...
Medjo Biljana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The role of pet exposure in childhood asthma and allergy is still controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between pet keeping during different periods of childhood and asthma and sensitization in school children. METHODS: One hundred and forty-nine children aged between 7 and 14 ...
Trisi Paolo - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To measure in vivo impact of dense bone overheating on implant osseointegration and peri-implant bone resorption comparing different bur irrigation methods vs. no irrigation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty TI-bone(®) implants were inserted in the inferior edge of mandibles of sheep. Different cooling procedures were used in each group: no ...
Keilitz Juliane - - 2013
A new enantioselective rhodium-catalyzed domino reaction is described that gives access to fused heterocycles by desymmetrization of alkyne-tethered cyclohexadienones. Two new C-C bonds and two stereocenters are formed in one step with good enantioselectivity. In contrast to prior reports, it was found that a vinylidene is not involved in the ...
Guegan Fabien - - 2013
Trypanosomal infection-induced anaemia is a devastating scourge for cattle in widespread regions. Although T. vivax is considered as one of the most important parasites regarding economic impact in Africa and South America, very few in-depth studies have been conducted due to the difficulty of manipulating this parasite. Several hypotheses were ...
Zhang Hong - - 2013
δ-Catenin is the only member of the p120 catenin (p120ctn) subfamily whose normal pattern of expression is restricted to the brain. Similar to p120ctn, δ-catenin can bind to the juxtamembrane domain of E-cadherin. We examined the expression of δ-catenin, p120ctn, and E-cadherin using immunohistochemistry in 95 cases of colorectal cancer ...
Di Maria Michael V - - 2013
Infants with shunt-dependent single-ventricle (SV) physiology are at risk for poor weight gain before superior cavopulmonary connection (SCPC). Lower weight-for-age z-score is a risk factor for prolonged length of stay (LOS) after SCPC. We sought to characterize infant growth and feeding and determine the effect of method of feeding on ...
Dong Jinghui - - 2013
Cardiovascular risks increase in postmenopausal women. While vitamin D is supplemented for osteoporosis, it is not known whether it protects renal arterial function during estrogen deficiency. Here we measured changes in renovascular reactivity induced by ovariectomy in rats and examined whether calcitriol, the most active form of vitamin D, was ...
Dolganov Alexander V - - 2013
New macrobicyclic 2-thiopheneboron-capped iron and cobalt(ii) tris-dioximates showed high electrocatalytic activity for hydrogen production from H(+) ions. This is the first example of the hydrogen evolution reaction electrocatalyzed by a clathrochelate iron complex, which catalyzes the hydrogen production at low overpotential.
Lewoczko April D - - 2013
Using density functional theory calculations, we report on the adsorption of methylamine on gold and compare its adsorption to a selection of alkylamines, methanol and methanethiol. On the (111) surface, the amines, thiol and alcohol bind in the ontop site with a preference over hollow and bridge sites of 0.3 ...
Kondo Tsunenori - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of histological subtypes on the survival of patients presenting with renal cell carcinoma extending into the inferior vena cava. METHODS: From January 1985 until October 2011, 68 patients with renal cell carcinoma extending into the inferior vena cava underwent radical nephrectomy and inferior vena cava ...
Zhang Deng-Feng - - 2013
The complement system plays multiple roles in host defense against infection and is supposed to confer genetic susceptibility to leprosy. We aimed to examine whether genetic variants of the Ficolin-2 (FCN2), Mannose-binding lectin (MBL2) and Complement factor H (CFH) genes, which are involved in activation and regulation of the complement ...
Fernie A R - - 2013
Metabolic fluxes and the capacity to modulate them are a crucial component of the ability of the plant cell to react to environmental perturbations. Our ability to quantify them and to attain information concerning the regulatory mechanisms which control them is therefore essential to understand and influence metabolic networks. For ...
Böttcher Svenja - - 2013
The aim of this research was to investigate the influence of a social-evaluative context on simple cognitive tasks. While another person present in the room evaluated photographs of beautiful women or landscapes by beauty/attractiveness, female participants had to perform a combination of digit-categorization and spatial-compatibility task. There, before every trial, ...
Agarwal Praveen Kumar - - 2013
Pyruvate decarboxylases (PDCs) are a class of enzymes which carry out the non-oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetaldehyde. These enzymes are also capable of carboligation reactions and can generate chiral intermediates of substantial pharmaceutical interest. Typically, the decarboxylation and carboligation processes are carried out using whole cell systems. However, fermentative ...
Avivi Irit - - 2013
Predictive value (PV) of surveillance fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with chemotherapy-rituximab (R) versus chemotherapy only, remains unclear. The aim of the current study was to compare the performance of surveillance PET in DLBCL patients receiving CHOP (cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine ...
Bugey Aurélie - - 2013
Photoinitiators are used to promote the polymerization process during the curing of varnishes or inks on cartonboard packaging. Depending on storage conditions and shelf life, these substances are able to migrate through the packaging layer into the foodstuff. This type of contamination phenomenon is therefore becoming a critical issue in ...
Paulsen Torbjørn Rage - - 2013
Historically, 'physical dormancy', or 'hard seededness', where seeds are prevented from germinating by a water-impermeable seed coat, is viewed as a dormancy mechanism. However, upon water uptake, resumption of metabolism leads to the unavoidable release of volatile by-products, olfactory cues that are perceived by seed predators. Here, we examine the ...
Ayers Katie L - - 2013
The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) has long been a useful model for developmental biologists. The developing avian embryo is easily accessible and fertile eggs are widely available. In addition, the embryo is also amenable to genetic manipulation allowing studies on many important morphological and cellular processes. More recently, the ability ...
Duan Sai - - 2013
Local structures and adsorption energies of a formic acid molecule and its decomposed intermediates (H, O, OH, CO, HCOO, and COOH) on highly electrocatalytically active mushroom-like Au-core@Pd-shell@Pt-cluster nanoparticles with two atomic layers of the Pd shell and stoichiometric Pt coverage of around half-monolayer (Au@2 ML Pd@0.5 ML Pt) have been ...
Ooyama Yousuke - - 2013
D-π-A fluorescent dye with two pyridyl groups as an electron-withdrawing-injecting anchoring group possessing a high coordinate bonding ability to Lewis acid sites on the TiO(2) surface, which can lead to high dye loading on the TiO(2) film and efficient electron injection, has been developed as a new type of D-π-A ...
Weiss Tobias - - 2013
N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine (P2NA) was widely used as oxidation inhibitor, particularly in rubber manufacturing. Technical-grade P2NA was contaminated with carcinogenic 2-naphthylamine (2NA), and bladder cancer risk in exposed workers was attributed to this impurity. Investigations in humans and mammalian species revealed that small amounts of 2NA are excreted into urine after exposure ...
Giri Tapan Kumar - - 2013
A novel diclofenac sodium (DS) loaded interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) beads of pectin and hydrolyzed polyacrylamide-graft-sodium alginate (PAAm-g-SA) was developed through ionotropic gelation and covalent cross-linking. The graft copolymer was synthesized by free radical polymerization under the nitrogen atmosphere followed by alkaline hydrolysis. The grafting, alkaline hydrolysis, and characterization of ...
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