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Müller Mareike - - 2013
Under a variety of circumstances, melanin occurs in the dermal compartment of the skin, being mostly observed in cells that have been termed melanophages, some of which have been identified as dermal dendritic cells. We analysed changes in the expression and secretion pattern of cytokines by dendritic cells after the ...
Tackett Sean - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The physician-patient relationship is at the heart of patient care. Dr. Michael Kahn proposed a checklist of six behaviors, defining "etiquette-based medicine", as a strategy to start each encounter respectfully and improve patient-physician rapport. OBJECTIVE: To assess performance of "etiquette-based medicine" in the inpatient setting. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: ...
Bock M - - 2013
Besides the relapse rate and neurological examination, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays a key role in multiple sclerosis (MS) monitoring. However, MRI is costly and even in Germany not always readily available. Additionally, routine MRI scans are not sensitive enough regarding differentiation between demyelination and neurodegeneration and show a discrepancy ...
Bittinger M - - 2013
From a gastroenterological point of view, for chronic critically ill patients a differentiation has to be made between general gastroenterological problems, which are important in many or all chronic critically ill patients and patients with gastroenterological diseases which are the reason for the chronic critically ill status. General gastroenterological problems ...
Kossow A - - 2013
The highest proportion of nosocomial infections occurs on intensive care units (ICU) and infections with multiresistant pathogens are an ever increasing problem. Preventative measures should consist of a bundle of different measures including measures that address a specific problem and standard hygiene measures that are relevant in all areas. Specific ...
Kandulski A - - 2013
Modern functional laboratories provide various techniques for the evaluation of esophageal diseases. For proton pump inhibitor (PPI) refractory reflux symptoms the differentiation of non-erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease and functional heartburn is essential for the choice of further treatment. The differentiation of the two clinical entities is based on functional diagnostic ...
Lee Mijoon M Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, United - - 2013
The reactions of all seven Escherichia coli lytic transglycosylases with purified bacterial sacculus are characterized in a quantitative manner. These reactions, which initiate recycling of the bacterial cell wall, exhibit significant redundancy in the activities of these enzymes along with some complementarity. These discoveries underscore the importance of the functions ...
Galindo-Moreno P - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To assess differences in marginal bone loss around implants placed in maxillary pristine bone and implants placed following maxillary sinus augmentation over a period of 3 years after functional loading. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two cohorts of subjects (Group 1: Subjects who received sinus augmentation with simultaneous implant placement; Group 2: ...
Wang R - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the relationships between peri-implant conditions and periodontal conditions in Chinese patients with dental implants in place for at least 1 year. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-six patients (mean age, 41 ± 10 years; range, 21-69 years) who received placement of 120 dental implants (Straumann(®) ), (mean 1.6 implants per subject; range, 1-5 implants ...
Moyer Cheryl A - - 2013
To explore the impact of social factors on place of delivery in northern Ghana. We conducted 72 in-depth interviews and 18 focus group discussions in the Upper East Region of northern Ghana among women with newborns, grandmothers, household heads, compound heads, community leaders, traditional birth attendants, traditional healers, and formally ...
Ménard Gabriel - - 2013
Reactions of amine-boranes NH(3)BH(3), Me(2)NHBH(3), or Me(3)NBH(3) with AlX(3) (X = Cl, Br, I, C(6)F(5)) have been examined. The species AlBr(3)·H(3)BNMe(3), Al(C(6)F(5))(3)·H(3)BNMe(3), Al(C(6)F(5))(3)·H(3)BNHMe(2) and Al(C(6)F(5))(3)·H(3)BNH(3) have been prepared and isolated. The analogous reaction of B(C(6)F(5))(3) and H(3)BNMe(3) results in C(6)F(5)-transfer and the formation of (C(6)F(5))BH(2)·NMe(3). While the adduct was unreactive ...
Bonnet Céline - - 2013
Intellectual disability (ID) is a clinical sign reflecting diverse neurodevelopmental disorders that are genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous. Just recently, partial or complete deletion of methyl-CpG-binding domain 5 (MBD5) gene has been implicated as causative in the phenotype associated with 2q23.1 microdeletion syndrome. In the course of systematic whole-genome screening of ...
Bitzer Johannes - - 2013
Abstract Women using combined oral contraceptives (COCs) report hormone withdrawal-associated symptoms (HWaS), including bloating, headaches and pelvic pain, which might be due to withdrawal of exogenous hormones and fluctuations in endogenous estrogen during the hormone-free interval (HFI). The prevalence of HWaS is not yet well studied, but these symptoms may ...
Clos Mareike - - 2013
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are a hallmark of psychotic experience. Various mechanisms including misattribution of inner speech and imbalance between bottom-up and top-down factors in auditory perception potentially due to aberrant connectivity between frontal and temporo-parietal areas have been suggested to underlie AVH. Experimental evidence for disturbed connectivity of networks ...
Brusa Davide - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: A dendritic cell-based cancer vaccine has recently received Food and Drug Administration approval in the USA based on its ability to prolong the survival of prostate cancer patients with advanced disease. However, tumor-mediated immunosuppressive mechanisms might represent an obstacle to optimal performance of this therapy. We have recently shown ...
Bhambure R - - 2013
This paper describes the development of a HTPD platform for process development of chromatography steps. An assessment of the platform as a guidance tool for establishing the "characterization space" for an ion exchange chromatography step has been performed by using design of experiments (DOE). Case studies involving use of a ...
Jana Manas - - 2013
A significantly fast reaction condition for the exclusive preparation β-glycosyl thiol derivatives has been developed successfully. The reaction condition is one-step, fast, high yielding, highly stereoselective, and requires only benchtop chemicals. Further reaction of glycosyl thiol derivatives with Michael acceptors and alkylating agents furnished thioglycosides and (1,1)-thiolinked trehalose analogs.
Das Sumana - - 2013
Phenol is a common substance present in many industrial wastewaters and in nonspecific pesticides. Due to its solubility and volatility phenol is often found in marine and freshwater environment. It is lipophilic compound and has a high potential for accumulating along the trophic chain. Phenol thus is not only a ...
Saha Subhrakanti - - 2013
This work describes the development and application of a new thermal desorption technique that makes use of the Leidenfrost phenomenon in open ion sources at atmospheric pressure for direct mass spectrometric detection of ultratrace levels of illicit, therapeutic, and stimulant drugs, toxicants, and peptides (molecular weight above 1 kDa) in their ...
Crnovčić Ivana - - 2013
Streptomyces chrysomallus and Streptomyces parvulus produce novel C-demethylactinomycins besides their normal actinomycins when fed with 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (3-HA). The 3-HA is incorporated into pentapeptide lactone precursors in competition with the regular precursor 4-methyl-3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (4-MHA). The resultant 3-HA pentapeptide lactones can condense with each other, as well as with the ...
Askari G - - 2013
Background/objective:The study was carried out to assess the relationship between nut consumption and lipid profile among Iranian adults.Subject/methods:The study was based on data from the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program across three counties in central Iran in 2007. A cross-sectional survey of 9660 randomly selected adults aged 19 years were chosen ...
Tasi Yung-Chieh - - 2013
PURPOSE: Asthenozoospermia is a major cause of male infertility. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying sperm-motility defects remain largely unknown in the majority of cases. In our previous study, we applied a proteomic approach to identify unknown proteins that were downregulated in spermatozoa with low motility compared to spermatozoa with good ...
Kapoor C S - - 2013
Plants can be used as both passive biomonitors and biomitigators in urban and industrial environments to indicate the environmental quality and to ameliorate pollution level in a locality. Many studies reveal that plants are negatively affected by the ambient levels of air pollutants. The present study was conducted to evaluate ...
Fidler Andrew F - - 2013
We present a theory for a bath model in which we approximate the adiabatic nuclear potential surfaces on the ground and excited electronic states by displaced harmonic oscillators that differ in curvature. Calculations of the linear and third-order optical response functions employ an effective short-time approximation coupled with the cumulant ...
Fingert John H - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The gene that causes normal tension glaucoma (NTG) in a large pedigree was recently mapped to a region of chromosome 12q14 (GLC1P) that contains the genes TBK1, XPOT, RASSF3, and GNS. We sought to investigate the structure of the chromosome 12q14 duplication and explore the ocular expression of ...
Ribeiro Marcos A - - 2013
Bi-stable molecular systems presenting valence tautomerism are associated with the development of new functional materials, which can be used for applications in organic electric conductors, optoelectronic and molecular magnetic devices. The properties of these materials can be adjusted with slight chemical changes and can be induced by external stimuli. Typical ...
Lin Miao - - 2013
We recently showed that Toll-like receptor (TLR) TLR4 was overexpressed in the human diabetic kidney, which could promote tubular inflammation. Here we explored whether the TLR4 antagonist, CRX-526, has therapeutic potential to attenuate renal injuries and slow the progression of advanced diabetic nephropathy in wild-type and endothelial nitric oxide synthase ...
Réus Gislaine Z - - 2013
Studies have shown a relationship between energy metabolism and methylphenidate (MPH); however, there are no studies evaluating the effects of MPH in Krebs cycle. So, we investigated if MPH treatment could alter the activity of citrate synthase (CS), malate dehydrogenase (MD), and isocitrate dehydrogenase (ID) in the brain of young ...
Jazini Mohammadhadi - - 2013
Escherichia coli is widely used host for the intracellular expression of many proteins. However, in some cases also secretion of protein from periplasm was observed. Improvement of both intracellular and extracellular production of recombinant protein in E. coli is an attractive goal in order to reduce production cost and increase ...
Moya Mireya - - 2013
During spring of 2009, a new influenza virus AH1N1 spread in the world causing acute respiratory illness and death, resulting in the first influenza pandemic since 1968. Blood levels of potentially-toxic and essential elements of 40 pneumonia and confirmed AH1N1 were evaluated against two different groups of controls, both not ...
Salmeri M - - 2013
The key aspect of neonatal meningitis is related to the ability of pathogens to invade the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and to penetrate the central nervous system. In the present study we show that, in an in vitro model of BBB, on the basis of co-culturing primary bovine brain endothelial cells ...
Furuya Takefumi - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and associations with clinical characteristics in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), serum 25(OH)D levels, laboratory data, and clinical data were obtained from 4,793 patients with RA (4,075 women, 718 men, mean age 59.7 years) who participated in the Institute of Rheumatology Rheumatoid ...
Marcellin Fabienne - - 2013
AIMS: Studying alcohol abuse impact, as measured by physicians' perceptions and patients' self-reports, on HIV virological rebound among patients chronically co-infected with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV). DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Seventeen French hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: 512 patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) with an undetectable initial HIV viral load and ...
Banerjee Arnab - - 2013
A visible light excitable rhodamine based probe operates as a SCN(-) selective fluorescent "turn-on" sensor for living cell imaging with a detection limit of 0.01 μM, which is much lower than the normal SCN(-) level in the human body. A "lock" and "key" model has been proposed to explain the ...
Stergiou-Kita Mary - - 2013
Purpose A systematic literature review was undertaken to gather evidence to develop a guideline for vocational evaluation following burn injuries (BI). This review aimed to identify the key processes evaluators should follow and the key factors they should consider when completing such evaluations. Methods Steps outlined in Cochrane Handbook of ...
Sawa Yoshiki - - 2013
Although legislation regarding organ transplantation from brain-dead donors in Japan was approved in 1997, no heart-lung transplantation procedures were performed for some time. Herein, we report the first case of successful heart-lung transplantation in Japan. The recipient was a 35-year-old man with Eisenmenger syndrome, caused by a double outlet right ...
Christison-Lagay Emily - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Thymectomy is a well-established treatment for generalized myasthenia gravis in adults, but predictors of long-term efficacy and the optimum timing for intervention in juvenile myasthenia remain controversial. PURPOSE: To review the preoperative presentation, surgical experience, and long-term neuromuscular follow-up in patients undergoing thoracoscopic thymectomy in a single institution. METHODS: ...
Ardeljan Daniel - - 2013
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of irreversible central visual loss in the elderly. A recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) reported that rs9621532 near the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 3 (TIMP3)/synapsin III (SYN3) region of 22q12.3 is associated with AMD. In this study, we characterize its phenotypic influence ...
Ozturk Ferhat - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In humans, cleft palate (CP) accounts for one of the largest number of birth defects with a complex genetic and environmental etiology. TGFbeta3 has been established as an important regulator of palatal fusion in mice and it has been shown that TGFbeta3-null mice exhibit CP without any other ...
Videlock E J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Dyssynergic defecation (DD) results from inadequate relaxation of the pelvic floor on attempted defecation. The prevalence of DD in patients with chronic constipation (CC) is not certain. Aims of this study are to estimate the prevalence of abnormal findings associated with DD across testing modalities in patients referred for ...
Salabei Joshua K - - 2013
Vascular injury and chronic arterial diseases result in exposure of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to increased concentrations of growth factors. The mechanisms by which growth factors trigger VSMC phenotype transitions remain unclear. Because cellular reprogramming initiated by growth factors requires not only the induction of genes involved in cell ...
Sekeroglu Mehmet Ali - - 2013
Various ocular conditions which leadto vision loss in different degrees such as cataract, ischemic optic neuropathy and retinopathy are closely related to diabetes mellitus. (1-3) Diabetic patients may also suffer from transient or permanent changes in refraction. (4-5) We describe here an extreme case of transient hyperopia in a newly ...
Bellofiore Alessandro - - 2013
The right ventricle (RV) is a pulsatile pump, the efficiency of which depends on proper hemodynamic coupling with the compliant pulmonary circulation. The RV and pulmonary circulation exhibit structural and functional differences with the more extensively investigated left ventricle (LV) and systemic circulation. In light of these differences, metrics of ...
Montgomery M K - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Metabolic disorders are commonly investigated using knockout and transgenic mouse models. A variety of mouse strains have been used for this purpose. However, mouse strains can differ in their inherent propensities to develop metabolic disease, which may affect the experimental outcomes of metabolic studies. We have investigated strain-dependent differences ...
Behrendt Florian F - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of contrast medium dose adjustment for body surface area (BSA) compared with a fixed-dose protocol in combined positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) (PET/CT). METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients were prospectively included for (18)F-2-deoxy-fluor-glucose ((18)F-FDG)-PET/CT consisting of a non-enhanced and a venous ...
Li Qiang - - 2013
The ratio between FABP5 and CRABPII determines cellular response to physiological level of retinoic acid; tumor cells undergo proliferation with high level of FABP5 and apoptosis with high level of CRABPII. We intended to study FABP5 and CRABPII expression in craniopharyngiomas, to establish craniopharyngioma cell model using explants method, and ...
Shaheen Shagufta - - 2013
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)-type lymphomas most commonly occur in the stomach and have been associated with Helicobacter pylori infection. However, MALT-type lymphoma of the colon is a rare entity. It commonly manifests with symptoms of weight loss, low-grade fever, constipation, melena, and hematochezia. Unlike gastric lymphoma, it is difficult to ...
Fahy Michael - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Increasing birth rates have raised questions for policy makers and hospital management about the economic costs of childbirth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to identify and review all existing scientific studies in relation to the economic costs of alternative modes of childbirth delivery and highlight deficiencies in ...
Roth Christian - - 2013
The actinobacterium Rhodococcus opacus 1CP possesses a so far unique variant of the modified 3-oxoadipate pathway for 3-chlorocatechol degradation. One important feature is the novel dehalogenase ClcF, which converts (4R,5S) 5-chloromuconolactone to E-dienelactone. ClcF is related to muconolactone isomerase (MLI, EC 5.3.3.4). The enzyme has a ferredoxin-type fold and forms ...
Sandiego Christine M - - 2013
Detecting changes in receptor binding at the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) with the PET allosteric antagonist, [(11) C]ABP688, may be valuable for studying dysfunctional glutamate transmission associated with psychiatric illnesses. This study was designed to validate the findings of a recent pilot study in baboons which reported a significant ...
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