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Canbek Ozge - - 2013
We present our 3 years' experience with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) practice in Bakirkoy Research and Training Hospital for Psychiatric and Neurological Diseases (BAKIRKOY) ECT Center after modification of ECT regulations in Turkey. Also included in this article is a brief overview and discussion on ECT applications. Bakirkoy medical records in ...
Obeid Nicole - - 2013
This study explored symptoms of social anxiety and multidimensional self-esteem in a clinical, adolescent female eating disorder population. Using self-report measures, data from 344 females revealed significant negative relationships between dimensions of self-esteem and social anxiety. A diagnostic difference emerged, with the restricting subgroup reporting significantly higher perceived physical appearance ...
Bülbül Feridun - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Despite having been previously associated with schizophrenia, catatonia is more often associated with mood disorders and factors related to general medical conditions. Benzodiazepines are recommended as the first option in treatment of catatonia. For patients who do not sufficiently respond to benzodiazepines and for patients that need a fast ...
Marom Edith M - - 2013
Thymoma is the most common primary neoplasm of the anterior mediastinum, but it accounts for <1% of all adult malignancies. It is the most common of the thymic epithelial neoplasms, which, in addition to thymoma, include thymic carcinoma and thymic carcinoid. Because of the rarity of thymoma, it has not ...
Coffey M Justin - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Self-injurious behaviors are common, distressing features of developmental disorders. Safe and effective therapies are needed, and the pathophysiology is not well understood. We present a young man with autism who developed self-injurious behaviors due to frontal lobe seizures that resolved with phenytoin.
Moraes Gustavo L - - 2013
This review highlights the role of delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging for the diagnosis of patients with nonischemic myocardial disease. The authors discuss the use of delayed enhancement for differentiation between ischemic and nonischemic myocardial disease and for narrowing the differential diagnosis when nonischemic etiologies are suspected. In addition, special ...
Rajfer Rebecca A - - 2013
Kienböck disease, first described in 1910, is osteonecrosis of the carpal lunate and has been associated with ulnar minus variance. Numerous joint leveling procedures have been developed for patients with ulnar-negative variance to decrease forces transmitted across the lunate. The basis of operative treatment is the presence or absence of ...
Nirogi Ramakrishna - - 2013
Background: Epidemiologic studies and clinical assessment of schizophrenic population have revealed a high incidence of overlap between schizophrenia and addictive disorders. Objective: The aim of the present investigation was to study the effect of aripiprazole in a preclinical animal model of chronic alcohol self-administration (CASA) and also to evaluate the ...
Maruschke Matthias - - 2013
Background and Aim: The objective of this study was to establish a rat model to develop hypertrophic fibrosis for subsequent safe application of ureteral stents in order to investigate new treatment options for ureteral strictures. Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Group 1: Sham surgery; group 2: surgery with uretero-ureteral ...
Pérez-Bovet Jordi - - 2013
: Ependymomas are the most frequent intramedullary neoplasms in adult patients. Anaplastic histology, extramedullary location, meningeal dissemination at initial diagnosis, and extraneural metastases are rare findings. We describe a case of extramedullary anaplastic ependymoma that presented with holocordal and intracranial leptomeningeal carcinomatosis and bone metastases in all the vertebral bodies ...
Koh Teho - - 2013
We have recently reported that eugenol exerted indiscriminate cytotoxicity towards normal oral cells and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines without induction of apoptosis markers. In order to investigate the underlying mechanisms of cytotoxicity induction, we investigated the effect of short-term treatment with eugenol on the metabolic profiles of ...
Namazi Hamid - - 2013
External fixation of comminuted hand fractures, especially those associated with soft-tissue injuries, is a good option and avoids several complications resulting from open surgery. Therefore, many versions of mini external fixators have been developed, including commercially fabricated implants and hand-made implants. However, these devices are costly or associated with serious ...
Tsiapa Georgia - - 2013
Smoking is related to a great variety of pathological conditions, many of which affect the respiratory system, such as lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Smoking cessation should be an integral part of the therapeutic approach to patients with pulmonary disease. Aim: The objective was to provide a ...
Vande Voort Jennifer L - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Methohexital is a common anesthetic agent used for electroconvulsive therapy. In the adult literature, there are a few case reports of tonic-clonic seizures occurring immediately after the administration of methohexital. However, to date, there are no reports of this occurrence in children or adolescents. This case documents a generalized ...
Lin Yu-Te - - 2013
From a recent systemic review, vascularized toe proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) transfer achieved an average arc of motion (AOM) of merely 37 degrees for finger PIPJ reconstruction. Despite the technical refinement over the past 3 decades, the resulting active motion of the reconstructed joint remains unpredictable and often fraught with ...
Ellis Sarah L H - - 2013
Guidelines rationale: A cat's level of comfort with its environment is intrinsically linked to its physical health, emotional wellbeing and behavior. Having a basic understanding of the cat's species-specific environmental needs and how cats interact with their environment will provide a foundation for addressing these fundamental requirements. Environmental needs: Addressing ...
Curtarolo Stefano - - 2013
High-throughput computational materials design is an emerging area of materials science. By combining advanced thermodynamic and electronic-structure methods with intelligent data mining and database construction, and exploiting the power of current supercomputer architectures, scientists generate, manage and analyse enormous data repositories for the discovery of novel materials. In this Review ...
Lenoble Quentin - - 2013
Background/Study Context: The authors assessed whether age-related changes in low-level vision affects higher-level processes involved in object categorization. Methods: Thirty young and 30 older observers were asked to categorize gray levels photographs of natural and artifactual objects. The authors manipulated contrast (8% vs. 30%) and eccentricity (central vs. 21° peripheral ...
Sadananda Suneetha K - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP) is the second most common cause of parkinsonism in the elderly after idiopathic Parkinson disease. We report the case of an elderly man who had long-standing paranoid schizophrenia and DIP; both sets of symptoms improved with a course of 8 bilateral electroconvulsive therapies (ECTs). Improvement in ...
Fechner Maarten R - - 2013
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common peripheral nerve disease, often requiring surgical intervention. After the first description of endoscopic carpal tunnel release 20 years ago, several endoscopic techniques have been described. The endoscopic procedure seems to have a better outcome in terms of time to return to work. A feared ...
Niklasson Ida B - - 2013
Background. Cinnamyl alcohol and cinnamal are frequent fragrance contact allergens. Both are included in the European baseline fragrance mix I, which is used for screening of contact allergy in dermatitis patients. Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate the autoxidation of cinnamyl alcohol and to identify the oxidation ...
Overman Amy A - - 2013
Background/Study Context: This study investigated age-related differences in memory for crime information. Older adults have been found to rely more than young adults on schema- and stereotype-based processing in memory, and such age differences may have implications in the criminal justice system. Some prior research has examined schema-based processing among ...
Perry Anamarija M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The identification of chromosomal abnormalities in many hematopoietic and mesenchymal neoplasms has contributed significantly to classification systems. Follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma is an intermediate-grade malignancy with morphological and immunophenotypic features of follicular dendritic cells. Available data on genetic changes in this neoplasm are limited, with only isolated case ...
Tarallo Luigi - - 2013
We analyzed the efficiency of a new plate DiPhos-RM in CFR-PEEK [carbon-fiber-reinforced poly (etheretherketone)] for the volar fixation of distal radius fractures. The new plate's composition has the advantage of x-ray absolute transparency, therefore allowing to monitor the healing of the fracture. The desired combination of high strength and low ...
Kelly Brian C - - 2013
Background: Methamphetamine use has emerged in China over the past decade. With the growth in methamphetamine use, it remains uncertain how users in China perceive its association with the HIV epidemic. Methods: The authors utilize qualitative and survey data from a mixed-methods study on methamphetamine use and HIV risk in ...
Koh Teho - - 2013
We recently reported that eugenol exerted comparable cytotoxicity towards human normal and tumor cells. In the present study, we investigated the effect of eugenol on interleukin-8 (IL-8) production by IL-1β-stimulated oral cells. The viable cell number was determined by direct cell counting with a hemocytometer after trypsinization. IL-8 released into ...
Salverda Joanne G W - - 2013
Background. Cosmetic products contribute considerably to the incidence of contact dermatitis. In response to a resolution of the Council of Europe, the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) in The Netherlands set up a pilot project to report undesirable effects attributed to cosmetic products. Objectives. To provide ...
Kaushik Reshma - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication of Plasmodium vivax malaria, worsening its prognosis. This prospective study assessed the incidence, clinical spectrum, prognostic factors and outcome of AKI in P. vivax malaria. During 2010-2011, 195 patients with vivax malaria diagnosed by positive peripheral blood film and rapid malaria test ...
Douglas Bruce R - - 2013
Background: Interactions between human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) and opioid-dependence therapies can occur. Objectives: We sought to determine whether such interactions occurred between buprenorphine/naloxone and raltegravir. Methods: We performed a within-subject open-labeled pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study in 12 HIV-seronegative subjects stabilized on at least 3 weeks of buprenorphine/naloxone therapy. Subjects underwent ...
Rubenstein Marvin - - 2013
Antisense oligonucleotides have previously been used to target regulatory proteins in prostate cancer models. We evaluated mono- and bispecific oligonucleotides which comparably suppressed expression of B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) in LNCaP cells. Cells compensated by suppressing caspase-3 (an apoptosis promoter), and enhancing the expression of androgen receptor and co-activating p300 and ...
Azzarito Valeria - - 2013
Inhibition of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) represents a significant challenge because it is unclear how they can be effectively and selectively targeted using small molecules. Achieving this goal is critical given the defining role of these interactions in biological processes. A rational approach to inhibitor design based on the secondary structure ...
Pálföldi Regina - - 2013
Pulmonary epithelioid haemangioendothelioma is a rare endothelial tumour without standard treatment. For this reason, our aim is to present contemporary research outlining new therapeutic possibilities; thus in vitro and in vivo methods were combined. Pulmonary epithelioid haemangioendothelioma was diagnosed in a 49-year-old female patient. A bronchial excision was obtained from ...
Dewhurst Catherine - - 2013
In recent years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become a valuable diagnostic tool for evaluation of acute abdominal pain in pregnancy. MRI offers an opportunity to identify the normal or inflamed appendix as well as a variety of other pathologic conditions that can masquerade clinically as acute appendicitis in pregnant ...
Julien Terrill P - - 2013
Surgical treatment of thumb basal joint arthritis is aimed at pain relief, restoration of pinch strength, and stability. We describe a variation of the abductor pollicus longus (APL) suspension arthroplasty originally described by Thompson, which maximizes strength of repair and is technically simple to perform. The technique consists of a ...
Yates David M - - 2013
The aim of this study is to quantify and compare the amount of bone that can be harvested from the mandibular symphysis, ascending ramus/body, coronoid process, and the zygomatic-maxillary buttress using a within-subject study design. Three continuous outcomes (area, thickness, and volume) were measured at 4 sites (zygomatic-maxillary buttress symphysis, ramus, ...
Fiacconi Chris M - - 2013
Background/Study Context: The perception of naturalistic events depends on the ability to integrate perceptual information from multiple sensory systems. Currently, little is known about how multisensory integration is affected by normal aging. Methods: The authors conducted two experiments to investigate audiovisual temporal processing in younger (18-29 years) and older (70+ ...
Fiorentini Giammaria - - 2013
Diphtheria toxin (DT) has shown anticancer activity in both experimental models and humans but its adverse effects stopped further developments. Cross-reacting Material 197 (CRM197) is the product of a single missense mutation (Gly52 to Glu) within fragment A of DT. It has been shown to induce weak toxicity in some ...
Subramanian Padmanabhan - - 2013
Significantly displaced midshaft clavicle fractures can be managed operatively to restore anatomy and allow early mobilization. Several techniques have described using precontoured anatomically designed plates placed on the superior surface of the bone or reconstruction plates contoured by the surgeon placed either superiorly or anteriorly. We describe the use of ...
Stavrakis Stavros - - 2013
: An inverse relationship between brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and body mass index (BMI) has been described for patients with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. In this study, the association of BMI, BNP levels and mortality in patients hospitalized for heart failure with preserved LV systolic function (HFpLVF) was ...
Anderson Ken M - - 2013
Many types of cancers represent different forms of blocked differentiation, but the relationship with major, currently identified cancer driver mutational and epigenetic events is not well defined. Normal cellular differentiation depends upon hierarchically-organized sequences of control and synthetic events coupled with cellular proliferation. An ability to identify and possibly correct ...
Ravishankar Vinutha - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Stimulus parameters like pulse amplitude, shape, width, and train frequency exert unique neurobiological effects. Herewith, we report the case of a patient in whom seizure induction was not possible with conventional stimulus parameters using bitemporal electroconvulsive therapy. She had successful induction of seizures with reduced charge rate. This strategy ...
Woodward Joseph F - - 2013
The trapeziometacarpal joint is commonly affected by degenerative arthritis, presenting with pain, stiffness, and swelling at the base of the thumb. When conservative treatment fails, surgical intervention may be warranted based on clinical and radiologic staging as well as patient demand. The concept of replacing the trapeziometacarpal joint remains attractive ...
Okuno Masashi - - 2013
Aim: In previous animal studies, we confirmed that linoleic acid (LNA) enhanced colon carcinogenesis, whereas eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) had protective effects in azoxymethane-induced colon tumorigenesis. In regard to the protective effects of marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on colorectal cancer however, evidence from epidemiological studies is inconsistent. In the ...
Kamath Jagannath B - - 2013
Syndactyly and postburn contracture of the digits are the common cases seen in a hand clinic. Their management can be roughly divided into 3 stages. In stage 1, syndactyly/postburn contracture of the digits are surgically released; in stage 2, surgical wound care is provided; and in stage 3, the patient ...
Oliva Elizabeth M - - 2013
Background: Opioid agonist therapy (OAT) through addiction specialty clinic settings (clinic-based OAT) using methadone or buprenorphine or office-based settings using buprenorphine (office-based OAT) is an evidence-based treatment for opioid dependence. The low number of clinic-based OATs available to veterans (N = 53) presents a barrier to OAT access; thus, the expansion in ...
Sakagami Hiroshi - - 2013
Previous studies have shown antiviral, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory activity of alkaline extract of the leaves of Sasa senanensis Rehder (SE). In order to manufacture an SE-containing toothpaste for combating oral diseases, we investigated the possible interaction between the candidate ingredients of toothpaste: SE, isopropyl methylphenol (IPMP, antibacterial agent) and charcoal ...
Kisic-Tepavcevic Darija - - 2013
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess alcohol drinking patterns and its influence on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among the Belgrade University students. Methods: Between April and June, 2009, 1624 students were enrolled in the cross-sectional study. All participants in the study completed the questionnaire that comprised ...
Passadaki Theoktisti - - 2013
Background/Aim: Binding of FAS ligand (FASL) to its physiological receptor FAS, induces the activation of caspase-8, which triggers cell death. The FAS-FASL system regulates germ cell death. In this study, the role of the FAS-FASL system in male infertility was examined. 72 samples were used (age=38.76±9.06 years). Basic semen analysis ...
Harrington Anthony W - - 2013
The specialized architecture of neurons necessitates unique modes of intracellular communication to allow for cell survival, the ability to detect and respond to injury and aspects of neuronal development, such as axon and dendrite growth, plasticity, and synapse and circuit formation. Many of these neuronal processes rely on signal transduction ...
Biswas Debashis - - 2013
Two long sewerage canals in the city of Kolkata, India were heavily infested with larvae, pupae and egg rafts of the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus. Although the burden of bancroftian filariasis and other diseases transmitted by C. quinquefasciatus in the city is practically zero, the night-biting mosquitoes are a great nuisance ...
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