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Xu He - - 2013
Biofilms are complex communities of microorganisms living together at an interface. Because biofilms are often associated with contamination and infection, it is critical to understand how bacterial cells adhere to surfaces in the early stages of biofilm formation. Even harmless commensal Escherichia coli naturally forms biofilms in the human digestive ...
Lee Sangmoon - - 2013
Objectives. Pituitary adenomas often cause deficits in visual acuity (VA) and visual field (VF) due to compression of the optic chiasm. This study is to identify factors most likely to predict the prognosis of VA and VF after transsphenoidal pituitary adenectomy. Materials and methods. Clinical records of patients who underwent ...
Jaworski Deborah C - - 2013
Abstract Animal models for Ehrlichia chaffeensis have been unsuccessful in recapitulating the natural disease cycle. We have developed an animal model for tick feeding and transmission using white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virgianus), the intracellular bacterium (Ehrlichia chaffeensis), and the lone star tick vector (Amblyomma americanum). Here, we report the acquisition and ...
Vlak Monique H M - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Three percent of the population has an unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA). We aimed to identify independent risk factors from lifestyle and medical history for the presence of UIAs and to investigate the combined effect of well-established risk factors. METHODS: We studied 206 patients with an UIA who ...
Khan Sadaf - - 2013
Background:Breast milk composition can be affected by several factors, and it can exhibit short-term (weekly) variations. Investigating variations in breast milk composition is important to accurately estimate nutrient requirements of the infant.Objective:To investigate short-term changes in breast milk composition between left and right breasts, over a 3-week period within the ...
Lin Sheng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is a high prevalence of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in China. The aim of this article is to reveal the HBV prevalence and its outcome in southern China by analyzing the HBV serum markers and their relationship to HBV genotype. METHODS: HBV serum markers, HBV-DNA and Alanine ...
van Oostrom Hugo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare airway management using the v-gel supraglottic airway device (v-gel SGAD) to that using an endotracheal tube (ETT), with respect to practicability, leakage of volatile anaesthetics and upper airway discomfort in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. ANIMALS: Twenty European Shorthair cats (9 males, 11 females), weighing ...
Brodner David - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A multicenter prospective study was conducted to assess the safety and sustained effectiveness of a new instrument possessing multifunctionality as an ostium seeker, suction-irrigator, and malleable balloon-dilator indicated for treating multiple sinuses. METHODS: Endoscopic balloon-only and hybrid-balloon procedures involving dilation of the frontal recesses, maxillary ostia, and/or sphenoid sinus ...
Gupta Anil K - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The management of irreparable massive or full-thickness 2-tendon rotator cuff tears in active patients with minimal glenohumeral arthritis remains a difficult challenge for the treating surgeon. Many different treatment options, with varied success, have been proposed. HYPOTHESES:(1) Patients undergoing reconstruction of irreparable massive or full-thickness 2-tendon rotator cuff tears by ...
Yoko-O Takehiko - - 2013
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins play important roles in cell wall biogenesis/assembly and the formation of lipid microdomains. The lipid moieties of mature GPI-anchored proteins in yeast typically contain either ceramide moieties or diacylglycerol. Recent studies have identified that the GPI phospholipase A(2) Per1p and O-acyltransferase Gup1p ...
Yu Peter K N - - 2013
Kilovoltage x-ray beams are used for the treatment of facial cancers when located on the patient's skin or subcutaneous tissue. This is of course due to the sharp depth dose characteristics of these beams delivering much lower doses at depth, than high energy x-ray beams. When treatment is performed, lead ...
Koopmeiners Andrew S - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Neural stimulation may provide analgesia for a variety of painful conditions. Activation of primary sensory neurons, which underlies pain relief by spinal cord stimulation, also may be achieved by stimulation at the level of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG). The DRG also is a site of pain pathogenesis, particularly ...
Wehrum Sina - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Few studies so far have directly compared the neural processing of visual sexual stimuli in men and women. Also, most of these studies only compared sexual with neutral stimuli, making it difficult to disentangle sexual stimulus processing from general emotional processing. AIM: The current study aimed to explore gender ...
Zhao Jiang-Yuan - - 2013
Three new phenyl-ethanediols, (1R)-(3-ethenylphenyl)-1,2-ethanediol (1), (1R)-(3-formylphenyl)-1,2-ethanediol (2), and (1R)-(3-acetophenyl)-1,2-ethanediol (3), were isolated from the fruiting bodies of the mushroom Fomes fomentarius, together with two related known compounds, (3-ethylphenyl)-1,2-ethanediol (4) and (4-acetophenyl)-1,2-ethanediol (5). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including extensive 2D NMR techniques. Compounds 1-3 showed weak antimicrobial activity.
Sasaki K - - 2013
The free space method using a pair of lens antennas was modified for the complex permittivity measurement of biological samples from 20 to 110 GHz. Two methodologies were used to obtain the complex permittivities by the free space method, which were based on the reflection and transmission coefficients. The measurement results ...
Lu Jianfeng - - 2013
Anchoring groups are extremely important in controlling the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The design and characterization of sensitizers with new anchoring groups, in particular non-carboxylic acid groups, has become a recent focus of DSC research. Herein, new donorπacceptor zincporphyrin dyes with a pyridine ring as an anchoring group ...
Tazelaar Dustin L - - 2013
Concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) in Tittabawassee River floodplain soils and biota downstream of Midland, MI, USA are greater than regional background concentrations. A multiple lines of evidence approach was utilized to evaluate the potential for effects of PCDD/DFs on American robins (Turdus migratorius; AR) breeding ...
Pieters Marlien - - 2013
Fibrinogen γ' is known to influence fibrin clot structure in purified experimental models but little is known regarding its influence on clot structure in plasma. Furthermore, the environmental and biological factors that affect its concentration are poorly described. We analysed fibrinogen γ', total fibrinogen concentration and fibrin clot structure in ...
Deelen Joris - - 2013
Human lifespan variation is mainly determined by environmental factors, whereas the genetic contribution is 25-30% and expected to be polygenic. Two complementary fields go hand in hand in order to unravel the mechanisms of biological aging: genomic and biomarker research. Explorative and candidate gene studies of the human genome by ...
Chiavarino Claudia - - 2013
A key issue for research on automatic imitation is whether it occurs primarily at the level of movements, that is, by automatically activating a representation of the movement/effector involved in the execution of the observed action, or at the level of goals, that is, by triggering a representation of the ...
O'Sullivan Brian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study sought to determine if preoperative image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IG-IMRT) can reduce morbidity, including wound complications, by minimizing dose to uninvolved tissues in adults with lower extremity soft tissue sarcoma. METHODS: The primary endpoint was the development of an acute wound complication (WC). IG-IMRT was used to conform ...
Scichilone Nicola - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The ultra-short course preseasonal allergy vaccine, containing the adjuvant monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL), is effective in treating allergic symptoms; however, the efficacy in controlling asthmatics symptoms has not been fully demonstrated. We aimed at evaluating whether the ultra-short preseasonal course of immunotherapy contributes to asthma control. METHODS: Four subcutaneous ...
Lopez Carlos F - - 2013
Mathematical equations are fundamental to modeling biological networks, but as networks get large and revisions frequent, it becomes difficult to manage equations directly or to combine previously developed models. Multiple simultaneous efforts to create graphical standards, rule-based languages, and integrated software workbenches aim to simplify biological modeling but none fully ...
Hou Weijian - - 2013
Abstract Conclusions: The most frequently affected sites of cranial complications of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) are the boundary between the anterior and posterior ethmoid roof, the frontal recess, and the cribriform plate. Being aware of cranial complications in time and provision of appropriate treatment may minimize the serious consequences. Objectives: ...
Xu Chao - - 2013
Complexation of UO(2)(2+) with dipicolinic acid (DPA) has been investigated in 0.1 M NaClO(4). The stability constants (log β(1) and log β(2)) for two successive complexes, UO(2)L and UO(2)L(2)(2-) where L(2-) stands for the deprotonated dipicolinate anion, were determined to be 10.7 ± 0.1 and 16.3 ± 0.1 by spectrophotometry. ...
Buettner Manuela - - 2013
The repeated application of antigens results in the induction of tolerance. Lymph nodes are responsible for this reaction by producing suppressor cells. Using an in vivo transplantation model we showed recently that stromal cells from different lymph nodes induce different cell populations for suppression, which all produce a tolerogenic phenotype. ...
Kobayashi Hirokazu - - 2013
The molecular orientation and dynamics of di-t-butylnitroxide (DTBN) and 4-oxo-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyl-1-oxyl (TEMPONE) radicals in the organic 1-D nanochannels of tris(o-phenylenedioxy)cyclotriphosphazene (TPP) were investigated by examining inclusion compounds (ICs) diluted by the co-inclusion of non-radicals using electron spin resonance (ESR). Spectral simulation showed that the axial rotation of DTBN or TEMPONE molecules ...
Conzuelo Felipe - - 2013
A novel strategy for the construction of disposable amperometric affinity biosensors is described in this work. The approach uses a recombinant bacterial Penicillin Binding Protein (PBP) tagged by an N-terminal hexahistidine tail which was immobilized onto Co2+-tetradentate nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) modified screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs). The biosensor was employed for ...
Couturier Marc Roger - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Respiratory pathogens are a leading cause of hospital admission and traditional detection methods are time consuming and insensitive. Multiplex molecular detection methods have recently been investigated in hope of replacing these traditional techniques with rapid panel-based testing. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the FilmArray® Respiratory Panel ([FARP], Idaho Technology Inc., ...
Niyonkuru Christian - - 2013
Over the last decade, biomarker research has identified potential biomarkers for the diagnosis, prognosis, and management of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Several cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum biomarkers have shown promise in predicting long-term outcome after severe TBI. Despite this increased focus on identifying biomarkers for outcome prognostication following a ...
Cancela Jose M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to revise and organize according to recall time based criteria, questionnaires created and validated to assess the level of physical activity in children and adolescents, with the intention of enabling their proper understanding and subsequent use by nurses and health care professionals. In order ...
Hall Bradford - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The sixth leading class of cancer worldwide is head and neck cancer, which typically arise within the squamous epithelium of the oral mucosa. Human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is known to be difficult to treat and has only a 50% five-year survival rate. With HNSCC, ...
Spiegel David - - 2013
In this review, the role of hypnosis and related psychotherapeutic techniques are discussed in relation to the anxiety disorders. In particular, anxiety is addressed as a special form of mind/body problem involving reverberating interaction between mental and physical distress. The history of hypnosis as a therapeutic discipline is reviewed, after ...
Göriş Songül - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: This experimental study was conducted to determine the effects of training on inhaler technique and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: Among the patients who applied at the outpatient clinic of chest diseases between March 2009 and May 2010, a total of ...
Godderis Rebecca - - 2013
The concept of evidence has become central in Western healthcare systems; however, few investigations have studied how the shift toward specific definitions of evidence actually occurred in practice. This paper examines a historical case in psychiatry where the debate about how to define evidence was of central importance to nosological ...
Choi Sojoong - - 2013
Introduction: Syndecans are cell surface adhesion receptors that play important functional roles. Their deregulation has been linked to several pathologies, and their aberrant regulation via diverse mechanisms is critically involved in the pathogenesis of various cancers. Similar to other receptors, syndecan functions are altered by ligand binding, overexpression, and extracellular ...
Ward Pierre - - 2013
AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare the performance of four RT-qPCR assays for the detection of human and bovine group A rotaviruses and to characterize the positive samples by sequence analysis of VP4 and VP7 genes. METHODS AND RESULTS: RNA extracted from eight human rotavirus strains and ...
Zhou Qiying - - 2013
Glycine decarboxylase complex (GDC) is a multi-protein complex, comprising P-, H-, T- and L-protein subunits, which plays a major role in photorespiration in plants. While structural analysis has demonstrated the H subunit of GDC (GDCH) plays a pivotal role in GDC, research on the role of GDCH in biological processes ...
Salunke P - - 2013
Calcified chronic subdural collection (armoured brain) is a known long-standing complication of shunt overdrainage. We report a young male who became symptomatic eleven years after a shunt surgery. Radiology showed bilateral calcified subdural collections. Drainage of these collections did not help, but shunt revision did. Patients with armoured brain syndrome ...
Helmer Drew A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Sexual health is an important aspect of human existence associated with disease and overall health. Despite these associations and the existence of medical treatments to improve sexual function, sexual health is often overlooked in health care. Recent combat veterans may be particularly vulnerable to sexual health issues due to ...
Lapergue Bertrand - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We have previously reported that intravenous injection of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) was neuroprotective in an embolic stroke model. We hypothesized that HDL vasculoprotective actions on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) may decrease hemorrhagic transformation-associated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) administration in acute stroke. METHODS: We used tPA alone ...
Neale Peta A - - 2013
The acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition assay is frequently applied to detect organophosphates and carbamate pesticides in different water types, including dissolved organic carbon (DOC) rich wastewater and surface water. The aim of the present study was to quantify the effect of co-extracted DOC from different water samples on the commonly used ...
Ma Jinwon - - 2013
The Young's modulus and fracture strength of Si(1-x)Ge(x) nanowires (NWs) as a function of Ge concentration were measured from tensile stress measurements. The Young's modulus of the NWs decreased linearly with increasing Ge content. No evidence was found for a linear relationship between the fracture strength of the NWs and ...
Chukir Tariq - - 2013
The long-chain 18-carbon fatty acids linoleic, oleic, and stearic acids, retronasally in vapor phase, are discriminated from blanks and each other. However, ability to linguistically identify them was unknown. To explore this, a Focus Group and then Check-All-That-Apply measures gave 9 identifiers for the 3 fatty acids plus phenylethyl alcohol ...
Byakwaga H - - 2013
The majority of HIV-infected patients in developing countries commences combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) with advanced disease. We examined predictors of disease progression in patients initiating cART with CD4 count ≤200 cells/mm(3) in the TREAT Asia HIV Observational Database. The main outcome measure was progression to either an AIDS-defining illness or ...
Fanali Salvatore - - 2013
This paper reports the use of novel phenyl-hexyl core-shell particles packed into fused silica capillaries in nano-liquid chromatography. Capillary columns of different internal diameter (id) of 25, 50, 75, 100 and 150 μm were packed employing the slurry packing method. The columns were used for the separation of a model mixture ...
Hapke Marko - - 2013
Chiral possibilities (Cp): In two approaches for introducing chirality into reactions of half-sandwich Rh complexes, dihydroisoquinolones have been synthesized from benzamides and olefins. In one approach C(2) -symmetric Cp ligands were utilized, while in the other an artificial metalloenzyme was employed as the chiral catalyst, leading to high levels of ...
Mesa Ruben A - - 2013
PURPOSETo assess the effects of ruxolitinib on symptom burden and quality of life (QoL) and to evaluate the ability of the modified Myelofibrosis Symptom Assessment Form (MFSAF) v2.0 to measure meaningful changes in myelofibrosis-related symptoms in patients with myelofibrosis.Patients And methodsCOMFORT-I (Controlled Myelofibrosis Study With Oral JAK Inhibitor Treatment-I) is ...
Wang Dian-Lei - - 2013
Ginkgolide B consists of three lactone groups, which may undergo hydrolysis, and lead to the rings opening in aqueous solution with different pHs. From mechanisms of pharmacological activity in vivo, the lactone appears to be the active form of the drug. Pharmacokinetics of lactone form (GB-lac) and the total of ...
Thrasher Timothy Adam - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the overall and disaggregated societal costs of intrathecal drug delivery systems (IDDSs) in the treatment of pain and spasticity in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of medical and pharmacy claims was performed on patients with IDDS. Patients were divided into three cohorts according ...
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