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Tosh S M - - 2013
Oat and barley foods have been shown to reduce human glycaemic response, compared to similar wheat foods or a glucose control. The strength of the evidence supporting the hypothesis that the soluble fibre, mixed linkage β-glucan, reduces glycaemic response was evaluated. A search of the literature was conducted to find ...
Shi Dangwei - - 2013
We report a simple, rapid and efficient strategy for modification of gold nanorods (AuNRs) with thiolated DNA at low solution pH and high salt concentration. DNA functionalized AuNRs were then used to assemble with DNA modified gold nanoparticles to form discrete satellite nanostructures.
Lauretti Gabriela Rocha - - 2013
Fibromyalgia is characterized by a range of symptoms that include muscle pain, fatigue and sleep disorders. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is an established method for pain relief. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the use of two simultaneously new TENS devices for ...
Duan Jubao - - 2013
The extent to which RNA stability differs between individuals and its contribution to the interindividual expression variation remain unknown. We conducted a genome-wide analysis of RNA stability in seven human HapMap lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) and analyzed the effect of DNA sequence variation on RNA half-life differences. Twenty-six percent of ...
Ramkumar Nagarajan - - 2013
Bioactive indolo[3,2-j]phenanthridine alkaloids, Calothrixin A and B have been synthesized by exploiting Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction via C-H activation as a key step starting from 4-methoxycarbazole.
Wang Shizhi - - 2013
PURPOSE: Several studies have examined the prognostic value of the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism (rs1042522) and/or MDM2 SNP309 (rs2279744) in multiple tumors. Our aim was to determine whether these two genetic variants were correlated with clinical outcome of gastric cancer. METHODS: We genotyped the two SNPs, TP53 codon 72 polymorphism and ...
Ogasawara Yuka - - 2013
Organelles change their sub-cellular positions in response to various environmental conditions. Recently, we reported that cold treatments alter the intracellular position of chloroplasts and nuclei (cold positioning) in the fern Adiantum capillus-veneris; chloroplasts and nuclei localized to the periclinal cell wall relocated to anticlinal cell wall after cold treatments. To ...
Chang Anne B - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis (CF) is being increasingly recognized in children and adults globally, both in resource-poor and in affluent countries. However, high-quality evidence to inform management is scarce. Oral amoxycillin-clavulanate is often the first antibiotic chosen for non-severe respiratory exacerbations, because of the antibiotic-susceptibility patterns detected ...
Nelson David B - - 2013
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess perinatal antecedents to postpartum depression. METHODS: This was a prospective population-based, observational study of women screened for symptoms of depression using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) with scores > 13 referred for psychiatric evaluation. Obstetric and neonatal outcomes were analyzed using univariable and multivariable analysis ...
Wang Kai-Yao - - 2013
With a transition metal (TM) complex or a protonated organic amine as a structure-directing agent (SDA), five novel Hg-Sb-Se compounds with the architectures ranging from one-dimensional (1D) ribbon, two-dimensional (2D) layer, to three-dimensional (3D) open-framework have been solvothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. The compounds [Ni(1,2-pda)(3)]HgSb(2)Se(5) () (1,2-pda = 1,2-diaminopropane) and ...
Vanders Rebecca L - - 2013
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Severe asthma exacerbations during pregnancy are a common complication leading to poor health outcomes for both mother and baby. Asthma exacerbations are caused most frequently by respiratory viruses. A balance between antiviral and inflammatory immune responses is critical during pregnancy: the balance may be altered by asthma ...
Désiron Huguette A M - - 2013
Purpose Improved therapies and early detection have significantly increased the number of breast cancers survivors, leading to increasing needs regarding return to work (RTW). Occupational therapy (OT) interventions provide successful RTW assistance for other conditions, but are not validated in breast cancer. This paper aims to identify a theoretical framework ...
Skowronek PaweĊ‚ - - 2013
An exceptionally large size cuboctahedral imine cage is obtained from small size organic molecules in a thermodynamically driven [8+12] cyclocondensation. This is a demonstration of the role of entropy of symmetry as a driving force in reversible reactions.
Suto Kimiko - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: To characterize the clinical phenotypes associated with previously-reported mutations of the eyes shut homolog (EYS) gene, including a truncating mutation, c.4957_4958insA, which is a major causative mutation for retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in Japan. Materials and Methods: The study population comprised ten unrelated RP subjects with very likely pathogenic ...
Murakami Mamoru - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Examination of dry mouth in postoperative oral tumour patients should ideally be performed simply and quickly at the chair side. Moisture-checking devices and saliva wetness testers are available for such moisture measurement. Previous studies have reported that moisture-checking devices are useful to examine dry mouth in patients with maxillary ...
Ma Pengcheng - - 2013
The mid-hindbrain boundary (MHB) organizer is among the best studied local organizers that patterns the midbrain and cerebellum in vertebrates and is established by a regulatory network of several transcription factors and signals, including Wnt signaling. In the present study, we found that Xenopus Nkx6.1 and Nkx6.2, two transcription factors ...
Kumar Rajeev - - 2013
Frustration in chain packing has been proposed to play an important role in thermodynamic and dynamic properties of polymeric melts and glasses. Based on a quantitative analysis using Voronoi tessellations and large scale molecular dynamics simulations of flexible and semi-flexible polymers, we demonstrate that the rigid polymer chains have higher ...
Jaber Hwaida - - 2013
Water extract of banana (Musa sapientum) infructescence stalks has been used in folk medicine in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. This work aims at verifying the claimed effect and elucidating its possible mode of action. The extract was given in replacement of drinking water to diabetic rats, and its mechanism ...
Zuo Shimin - - 2013
Sheath blight (SB), caused by Rhizoctonia solani kühn, is one of the most serious global rice diseases. No major resistance genes to SB have been identified so far. All discovered loci are quantitative resistance to rice SB. The qSB-11(LE) resistance quantitative trait locus (QTL) has been previously reported on chromosome ...
Aguilar Enzo - - 2013
Medial olivocochlear efferent neurons can control cochlear frequency selectivity and may be activated in a reflexive manner by contralateral sounds. The present study investigated the significance of the contralateral medial olivocochlear reflex (MOCR) on human psychoacoustical tuning curves (PTCs), a behavioral correlate of cochlear tuning curves. PTCs were measured using ...
Egg Margit - - 2013
The circadian clock and the hypoxic signaling pathway play critical roles in physiological homeostasis as well as in tumorgenesis. Interactions between both pathways have repeatedly been reported for mammals during the last decade, the molecular basis, though, has not been identified so far. Expression levels of oxygen-regulated and circadian clock ...
Cuijpers Vincent M J I - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were (i) to determine the spatial resolution and sensitivity of micro- versus nano-computed tomography (CT) techniques and (ii) to validate micro- versus nano-CT in a dog dental implant model, comparative to histological analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To determine spatial resolution and sensitivity, standardized reference ...
Ramakrishnan Rupal - - 2013
There is mounting evidence to support the use of a combination of immunotherapy with chemotherapy in the treatment of various types of cancers. However, the mechanism(s), by which these modalities are synergized, are not fully understood. In this review, we discuss several possible mechanisms of the combined effect of immunotherapy ...
Smith Julia J - - 2013
Studies indicate nicotine metabolism varies by race and can change during pregnancy. Given high rates of tobacco use and limited studies among Alaska Native (AN) women, we estimated associations of saliva cotinine levels with cigarette use and second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure and estimated a saliva cotinine cutoff to distinguish smoking ...
Cunha Diana - - 2013
This article is a critical literature review of pathological gambling focused in the family factors, particularly in the couple dynamics. Its main goal is to develop an explicative integrative systemic model of pathological gambling, based in these couple dynamics. To achieve that aim, a bibliography search was made, using on-line ...
Mégarbané André - - 2013
Trisomy 21 (T21), or Down syndrome (DS), is the most frequent and recognizable cause of intellectual disabilities. The level of disability, as evaluated by the intelligence quotient (IQ) test, varies considerably between patients independent of other factors. To determine the genetic or molecular basis of this difference, a high throughput ...
Berg R M G - - 2013
It is a central principle in medical ethics that vulnerable patients are entitled to a degree of protection that reflects their vulnerability. In critical care research, this protection is often established by means of so-called proxy consent. Proxy consent for research participation constitutes a substituted judgement by a close relative ...
Wood Teresa L - - 2013
Oligodendrocyte development is controlled by numerous extracellular signals that regulate a series of transcription factors that promote the differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells to myelinating cells in the central nervous system. A major element of this regulatory system that has only recently been studied is the intracellular signaling from surface ...
Zhao Li-Li - - 2013
The first investigation into two C[double bond, length as m-dash]O bonds of CO(2) reacting in one reaction through dual 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of CO(2) with isocyanides and dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylates has been reported. The reaction proceeded efficiently at 80 °C at a pressure of 1 atm of CO(2), affording symmetric 1,6-dioxospiro[4,4]nonane-3,8-diene derivatives ...
Akel Burcu Semin - - 2013
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) and examine its association with gender, age, injury level, injured side, and functional status. METHODS: We conducted a controlled, cross-sectional study including 70 children with OBPP. Fifty-two age-matched children without any ...
Derevensky Jeffrey L - - 2013
Despite legislative prohibitions, there is empirical evidence that youth gamble on both regulated and unregulated activities. The current survey was designed to assess teachers' awareness and attitudes regarding adolescent gambling and other high-risk behaviours. Three-hundred and ninety teachers from Ontario and Quebec, with experience teaching students aged 12-18, completed an ...
He Yizheng - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: In patients with programmable CSF shunt valves, the risk of unintentional valve adjustment associated with the environmental magnetic influence is ever present. We tested whether the iPad 3 with Smart Cover is capable of changing the setting of individual programmable valves ex vivo using direct fluoroscopic visualization. METHODS: The ...
Prakash Shiva - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A few animal studies have shown that IL-6 can serve as an early marker of fat embolism syndrome. The degree to which this is true in human trauma victims is unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: In this clinical study, we sought to determine (1) whether elevated serum IL-6 levels at 6, 12, ...
Bratek-Skicki Anna - - 2013
Adsorption of human serum fibrinogen on polystyrene latex particles was studied using the micro-electrophoretic and the concentration depletion methods. Measurements were carried out for pH 3.5, and an ionic strength range of 10-3 to 0.15 M, NaCl. Electrophoretic mobility of latex was determined as a function of the amount of ...
Frost Poul - - 2013
Introduction: We examined whether lifestyle factors differ between patients with ulnar neuropathy confirmed by electroneurography (ENG) and those with ulnar neuropathy-like symptoms with normal ulnar nerve ENG. Methods: Among patients examined by ENG for suspected ulnar neuropathy, we identified 546 patients with ulnar neuropathy and 633 patients with ulnar neuropathy-like ...
Alberto Marta E - - 2013
The free radical scavenging activity of Trolox was studied for aqueous and lipid environments using the Density Functional Theory. Several reaction mechanisms and free radicals of different chemical nature have been included in this study, as well as the influence of the pH. Trolox was found to be a powerful ...
Yan Xuzhou - - 2013
Driven by orthogonal pillar[5]arene-based and crown ether-based molecular recognitions, a dynamic [1]catenane with pH-responsiveness was constructed via threading-followed-by-complexation.
Atit Kinnari - - 2013
Cognitive science has primarily studied the mental simulation of spatial transformations with tests that focus on rigid transformations (e.g., mental rotation). However, the events of our world are not limited to rigid body movements. Objects can undergo complex non-rigid discontinuous and continuous changes, such as bending and breaking. We developed ...
Kretzschmar Anne - - 2013
The ascomycetous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica has been established as model system for studies of several research topics as well as for biotechnological processes in the last two decades. However, frequency of heterologous recombination is high in this yeast species, and so knockouts of genes are laborious to achieve. Therefore, the ...
Sanders Heather L - - 2013
1 I. Introduction 1 II. Microevolutionary perspectives on SEDE 3 III. Macroevolutionary perspectives on SEDE 5 IV. SEDE and the distribution of outcrossing rates in angiosperms 8 V. Redirection of study to challenge Stebbins' claims 9 Acknowledgements 10 References 10 SUMMARY: To provide a comparative framework to understand the evolution ...
Cimador Marcello - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The use of covering urethroplasty with flaps in hypospadias surgery has been well recommended. Various techniques have been described for flap harvesting. The aim of the present study was to compare the outcome and complication rate of dorsal preputial flaps and ventral dartos flaps. METHODS: A total of 130 ...
van Kampen V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Skin prick testing (SPT) is an important step in the diagnosis of IgE-mediated occupational allergic diseases. The outcome of SPT is related to the quality of allergen extracts. Thus, the aim of the study was to assess different commercially available SPT solutions for selected occupational allergens. METHODS: SPT was ...
Nadiminti Pavani Praveen - - 2013
Agrochemical spray formulations applied to plants are often mixed with surfactants that facilitate delivery of the active ingredient. However, surfactants cause phytotoxicity and off-target effects in the environment. We propose the use of nanostructured liquid crystalline particles (NLCP) as an alternative to surfactant-based agrochemical delivery. For this we have compared ...
Park Chul-Hyun - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the results of hallux valgus surgery between feet fixed with Kirschner wires and those fixed with a plate and screws. METHODS: Between December 2008 and November 2009, 53 patients (62 feet) were treated with proximal chevron osteotomy and distal soft tissue procedure ...
Kim Won-Dong - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: CD8(+) cell infiltration and apoptosis of airway epithelial cells is increased in COPD. CD8(+) T cells induce apoptosis by releasing granzymes, which can also cause extracellular matrix degradation and remodeling. Granzyme B levels and T cells expressing granzyme B are increased in BAL fluid of COPD patients, ...
Foster-Fishman Pennie G - - 2013
This study expanded the citizen participation literature by examining the dynamic nature of citizen participation and the extent to which the factors associated with citizen participation may be moderated by resident leadership status. Longitudinal survey data collected from 542 residents in one small Midwestern city implementing a community change initiative ...
Kranzioch Irene - - 2013
Several groups of bacteria such as Dehalococcoides spp., Dehalobacter spp., Desulfomonile spp., Desulfuromonas spp., or Desulfitobacterium spp. are able to dehalogenate chlorinated pollutants such as chloroethenes, chlorobenzenes, or polychlorinated biphenyls under anaerobic conditions. In order to assess the dechlorination potential in Yangtze sediment samples, the presence and activity of the ...
Laukkanen Eila - - 2013
Self-cutting as a form of self-harm is a common and multifaceted phenomenon among adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the location of self-cutting (arms or other areas of the body) could help to assess the severity of the underlying psychiatric problems. A sample of adolescents who ...
Ning Yunye - - 2013
Airway smooth muscle (ASM) cell phenotypic switching played an important role in airway remodeling in asthma. In vitro platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) induced ASM cell phenotypic switching from a mature to pro-remodeling phenotype, but the mechanism remained incompletely understood. This study was to explore the effect of DNA methyltransferase inhibitor ...
Kellici Suela - - 2013
Background There is little evidence on benzodiazepine misuse and associated factorsin transitional countries of the Western Balkans. Objective The aim of this study was to assess the level and socioeconomic correlates of misuse of benzodiazepine drugs in the Albanian adult population. Method We conducted a cross-sectional study including a representative ...
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