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McGuinness Sheelagh - - 2013
This case note analyses a recent judgment by the European Court of Human Rights involving two married couples who failed in their rights-based challenge to provisions of Austria's Artificial Procreation Act prohibiting heterologous techniques for in vitro fertilisation (i.e. techniques using donor ova and sperm).
Molinari Francesco - - 2013
PURPOSE : We aimed to compare the intra- and interoperator variability of lobar volumetry and emphysema scores obtained by semi-automated and manual segmentation techniques in lung emphysema patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS : In two sessions held three months apart, two operators performed lobar volumetry of unenhanced chest computed tomography examinations ...
Ellis Mesha L ML Department of Community Health and Preventive Medicine, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA. - - 2013
The researchers longitudinally assessed parent and child levels of engagement in an evidence-based preventive intervention for children. The sample included 114 fifth graders with aggressive, disruptive behaviors and their parents who participated in the Coping Power Program. Findings indicate that levels of engagement differentially fluctuated for children and parents throughout ...
Montgomery Susan V SV Department of Clinical Genetics, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 333 Cottman Avenue, Philadelphia, PA, 19111, - - 2013
This study reports a randomized clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of an intervention to prepare individuals to communicate BRCA1/BRCA2 results to family members. Women aged 18 years and older, who had genetic testing, and who had adult first-degree relatives, were randomly assigned to a communication skills-building intervention or a wellness ...
Niquille Mathieu M Département des neurosciences fondamentales, University of Lausanne, Rue du Bugnon 9, CH-1005 Lausanne, - - 2013
The corpus callosum (CC) plays a crucial role in interhemispheric communication. It has been shown that CC formation relies on the guidepost cells located in the midline region that include glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons as well as glial cells. However, the origin of these guidepost GABAergic neurons and their precise ...
Akfirat Canan C Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, - - 2013
The complexity of survival mechanisms in cancer cells from patients remains poorly understood. To obtain a comprehensive picture of tumour cell survival in lethal prostate cancer metastases, we examined five survival proteins that operate within three survival pathways in a cohort of 185 lethal metastatic prostate metastases obtained from 44 ...
Johnson Douglas B DB Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, 2220 Pierce Ave. 777 Preston Research Building, Nashville, TN 37232-6307, USA. - - 2013
Melanoma is the most aggressive of the cutaneous malignancies, causing more than 9,000 deaths in the past year in the United States. Historically, systemic therapies have been largely ineffective, because melanoma is usually resistant to cytotoxic chemotherapy. However, during the past few years, several targeted therapies have proved effective in ...
Huang Jiyong J Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261, - - 2013
Integrating PDMS channels and chips containing pre-functionalized biosensors into microfluidic devices with irreversible sealing has been challenging because the integration process requires use of an O2 plasma treatment that usually destroys the biosensors. In this study, we examined the usefulness of introducing a shadow mask into the process as a ...
Bruce Jacqueline J Oregon Social Learning Center, 10 Shelton McMurphey Boulevard, Eugene, OR 97401-2426, USA. - - 2013
There is growing evidence that some of the difficulties observed among children who have experienced early adverse care (e.g., children internationally adopted from institutional care and maltreated children in foster care) involve experience-induced alterations in stress-responsive neurobiological systems, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system. Thus, incorporating stress neurobiology into prevention research ...
Handley Mark T MT MRC Human Genetics Unit, Medical Research Council and Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, - - 2013
Warburg Micro syndrome and Martsolf syndrome (MS) are heterogeneous autosomal-recessive developmental disorders characterized by brain, eye, and endocrine abnormalities. Causative biallelic germline mutations have been identified in RAB3GAP1, RAB3GAP2, or RAB18, each of which encode proteins involved in membrane trafficking. This report provides an up to date overview of all ...
Lynch Donald R DR Jr Division of Cardiology, Vanderbilt Heart and Vascular Institute, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 2220 Pierce Avenue 383 PRB, Nashville, TN 37232-6300, USA. - - 2013
Aortic stenosis (AS) accounts for the majority of valvular abnormalities requiring surgical intervention. Platelet dysfunction has been demonstrated among patients with severe aortic stenosis which may predispose patients to bleeding or ischemic events. Surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) is the standard therapy for severe symptomatic AS; however, a number of ...
Mosli Mahmoud M Departments of Medicine and Pathology, London Health Sciences Centre, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
To identify risk factors, clinical features and complications in patients with ischemic colitis (IC). All patients diagnosed with biopsy proven IC within a 2-year period were identified; clinical data were retrospectively collected and subsequently analyzed. In total, 72 IC patients with a mean age of 68 years were included in this ...
Nicol L E LE Pediatrics, Division of Neurosciences, Oregon National Primate Research Center Pape Pediatric Research Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, CDRCP, 707 SW Gaines Street, Portland, Oregon 97239-3098, USA. - - 2013
Chronic high caloric intake has contributed to the increased prevalence of pediatric obesity and related morbidities. Most overweight or obese children, however, do not present with frank metabolic disease but rather insulin resistance or subclinical precursors. The innate immune system plays a role in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes ...
Khweek Arwa A AA Department of Microbial Infection and Immunity, Center for Microbial Interface Biology, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2013
Legionella pneumophila (L. pneumophila) is an intracellular bacterium of human alveolar macrophages that causes Legionnaires' disease. In contrast to humans, most inbred mouse strains are restrictive to L. pneumophila replication. We demonstrate that autophagy targets L. pneumophila vacuoles to lysosomes and that this process requires ubiquitination of L. pneumophila vacuoles ...
Tourdot Benjamin E BE Blood Research Institute, BloodCenter of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, - - 2013
The activation state of many blood and vascular cells is tightly controlled by a delicate balance between receptors that contain immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) and those that contain immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs). Precisely how the timing of cellular activation by ITAM-coupled receptors is regulated by ITIM-containing receptors is, ...
Bumpus Kelly - - 2013
Non-healing wounds represent a challenging problem for physicians and patients alike. Although treatment strategies are aimed at specific causes, there are basic management principles that apply to all wounds. The purpose of this article is to review these core management principles as they apply to lower extremity wounds. Key points ...
Fassa Amir-Ali - - 2013
During the last decade, the rapid evolution of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has revolutionized the treatment of severe aortic stenosis. Since the PARTNER A and B trials, this technique has become the treatment of reference for inoperable patients, and an attractive alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement in those ...
Abou-Chebl Alex - - 2013
Acute stroke affects about 800,000 patients annually in the US and is the leading cause of disability. It is a complex condition with multiple causes and requires comprehensive but rapid evaluation by stroke specialists working in institutions with well-organized stroke systems of care. Acute stroke treatment is focused on early ...
Shroff Adhir - - 2013
Adoption of the transradial approach for coronary procedures is rapidly growing in the US. A decrease in vascular complications and improved patient comfort are the primary benefits of this technique compared to femoral artery access. However, as this is still an invasive procedure, it is important for operators who utilize ...
Rubenfire Melvyn - - 2013
The relationship between low concentrations of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and heightened risk for cardiovascular (CV) disease has been known for decades. Despite the consistent inverse relationship among epidemiological studies, the linkage between a residual low HDL-C among patients treated with statins and excess cardiovascular risk is less clearly ...
Mullane David - - 2013
IMPORTANCE This is the first study to link reduced lung function in early life, before the development of symptoms, to wheeze in 18-year-olds. Additionally, the study gives insight into factors other than reduced lung function that are also associated with persistent wheeze in young adults. To test the hypothesis that ...
Hennig Stefanie S School of Pharmacy, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Pharmacy Australia Centre of Excellence (PACE), 20 Cornwall Street, Woolloongabba QLD 4102, Australia. - - 2013
While several studies have examined the pharmacokinetics of tobramycin in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), there is no consensus on whether they differ in patients with and without CF. The objectives of this study were to identify covariates which explain pharmacokinetic variability and to examine whether having the disease CF ...
McDermott Mary McGrae MM Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2013
Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects 8 million men and women in the United States and will be increasingly common as the U.S. population lives longer with chronic disease. People with PAD have poorer walking endurance, slower walking velocity, and poorer balance, compared with individuals without PAD. People with ...
Green Kelly D KD Vanderbilt Heart and Vascular Institute, Nashville, TN 37232-8802, - - 2013
Hybrid coronary revascularization combines the benefits of both percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the treatment of multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) by combining the benefits of the LIMA-to-LAD graft and drug eluting stent (DES) to non-LAD regions. Through this approach, a patient receives the ...
Slavici Titus T Department of Mechanics, Politehnica University, 300006 Timisoara, Romania. - - 2013
To construct an artificial intelligence application to assist untrained physiotherapists in determining the appropriate physiotherapy exercises to improve the quality of life of patients with cystic fibrosis. A total of 42 children (21 boys and 21 girls), age range 6-18 years, participated in a clinical survey between 2001 and 2005. ...
Provenzano Frank A FA Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer’s Disease and the Aging Brain, Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2013
Current hypothetical models emphasize the importance of β-amyloid in Alzheimer disease (AD) pathogenesis, although amyloid alone is not sufficient to account for the dementia syndrome. The impact of small-vessel cerebrovascular disease, visualized as white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) on magnetic resonance imaging scans, may be a key factor that contributes independently ...
Patterson Carl J CJ School/Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Biophysical Sciences Institute, Durham University, DH1 3LE, - - 2013
The MerR-like transcriptional activator CoaR detects surplus Co(ll) to regulate Co(ll) efflux in a cyanobacterium. This organism also has cytosolic metal-sensors from three further families represented by Zn(ll)-sensors ZiaR and Zur plus Ni(ll)-sensor InrS. Here we discover by competition with Fura-2 that CoaR has KCo(ll) weaker than 7 × 10(-8) ...
Camci-Unal Gulden G Center for Biomedical Engineering, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, - - 2013
Biomimetic hybrid hydrogels have generated broad interest in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Hyaluronic acid (HA) and gelatin (hydrolyzed collagen) are naturally derived polymers and biodegradable under physiological conditions. Moreover, collagen and HA are major components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in most of the tissues (e.g., cardiovascular, cartilage, neural). ...
Pan Xinchao X Department of Internal Medicine (Nephrology), UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9148, - - 2013
The advent of technologies that allow tissue specific expression or ablation of genes has contributed enormously to our knowledge of the mechanism regulating organ development and maintenance in mice. The tetracycline inducible system allows reversible regulation of gene products upon administration of doxycycline. Here we describe the generation and activity ...
Fernández Emilio E Department of Medical Physiology, Laboratory of Molecular Neurology and Neurophysiology (BIO127), University of Seville, Seville, Spain. - - 2013
Nitrosative stress, where nitrosylation of tyrosine (Tyr) leading to 3-nitrotyrosine proteins or free 3-nitrotyrosine is the most prominent change, has been proposed as a pathogenic mechanism in Parkinson's disease (PD). Levels of 3-nitrotyrosine proteins in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with PD have not been studied. Nitrosative stress-induced ...
Inacio Maria C S - - 2013
The role of sex in relationship to implant failure after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is important for patient management and device innovation. To evaluate the association of sex with short-term risk of THA revision after adjusting for patient, implant, surgery, surgeon, and hospital confounders. A prospective cohort of patients enrolled ...
Gartlan Kate H - - 2013
Previous studies on the role of the tetraspanin CD37 in cellular immunity appear contradictory. In vitro approaches indicate a negative regulatory role, whereas in vivo studies suggest that CD37 is necessary for optimal cellular responses. To resolve this discrepancy, we studied the adaptive cellular immune responses of CD37(-/-) mice to ...
Tu Eric - - 2013
Autoimmune disease can be prevented with immunosuppressive agents; however, the effectiveness of these treatments in advanced stage of disease and the fate of pathogenic T cells following such treatments are not clear. In this study we demonstrate that a single dose of in vitro-induced Treg cells (iTreg cells) resulted in ...
Barclay Joshua S JS Division of General Internal Medicine, Geriatrics, and Palliative Care, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, PO Box 800909, Charlottesville, VA 22903, - - 2013
Terminally ill patients with lower incomes are less likely to die at home, even with hospice care. To examine the relationship between income and transfer from home before death and the interaction between income and level of hospice care as a predictor of transfer from home in patients admitted to ...
Marx Gerard G MX Biotech Ltd., Jerusalem, Israel. - - 2013
We propose a tripartite mechanism to describe the processing of cognitive information (cog-info), comprising the (1) neuron, (2) surrounding neural extracellular matrix (nECM), and (3) numerous "trace" metals distributed therein. The neuron is encased in a polyanionic nECM lattice doped with metals (>10), wherein it processes (computes) and stores cog-info. ...
Xu Yu Y Institute of Chinese Minority Traditional Medicine, Minzu University of China, Beijing, P. R. - - 2013
We constructed and simulated a "minimal proteome" model using Langevin dynamics. It contains 206 essential protein types that were compiled from the literature. For comparison, we generated six proteomes with randomized concentrations. We found that the net charges and molecular weights of the proteins in the minimal genome are not ...
Brownridge Philip - - 2013
The network of molecular chaperones mediates the folding and translocation of the many proteins encoded in the genome of eukaryotic organisms, as well as a response to stress. It has been particularly well characterised in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, where 63 known chaperones have been annotated and recent affinity ...
Zhang Cheng - - 2013
A 3950 bp genomic fragment from Candida glycerinogenes, WL2002-5, containing the CgGAP gene encoding a glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase homologous to GAP genes in other yeasts using degenerate primers, was cloned and characterized with inverse PCR. Sequence analysis revealed a 1164 bp open reading frame encoding a putative peptide of 387 deduced ...
Sorkina Tatiana T Department of Cell Biology, University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2013
Flotillins were proposed to mediate clathrin-independent endocytosis, and recently, flotillin-1 was implicated in the protein kinase C (PKC)-triggered endocytosis of the dopamine transporter (DAT). Since endocytosis of DAT was previously shown to be clathrin-mediated, we re-examined the role of clathrin coat proteins and flotillin in DAT endocytosis using DAT tagged ...
Szymanski Michal R MR Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, Texas 77555-1053, United - - 2013
Thermodynamic and structural characteristics of the Escherichia coli DnaT protein trimerization reaction have been quantitatively examined using fluorescence anisotropy and analytical ultracentrifugation methods. Binding of magnesium to the DnaT monomers regulates the intrinsic affinity of the DnaT trimerization reaction. Comparison between the DnaT trimer and the isolated N-terminal core domain ...
Szymanski Michal R MR Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston , 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, Texas 77555-1053, United - - 2013
The oligomerization reaction of the Escherichia coli DnaT protein has been quantitatively examined using fluorescence anisotropy and analytical ultracentrifugation methods. In solution, DnaT exists as a monomer-trimer equilibrium system. At the estimated concentration in the E. coli cell, DnaT forms a mixture of the monomer and trimer states with a ...
Choi Siyoung S Materials Science Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2013
"Biomimetic" inorganic coating on biomaterials has been an active area of research with the aim of providing bioactive surfaces that can regulate cell behavior. Previous studies have demonstrated that human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) behavior is differentially regulated by the physical and chemical properties of inorganic mineral coatings, indicating that ...
Seo Youjin Y Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, California 95616, - - 2013
Chemokines, 8 kDa proteins implicated in leukocyte migration via oligomerization, bind to glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) during the inflammation response as a means to regulate chemokine migration. Structural characterization of chemokines non-covalently bound to GAGs provides physiologically meaningful data in regard to routine inmmunosurveillance and disease response. In order to analyze the ...
Prasannan Charulata B CB Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Kansas Medical Center, MS 3030, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, United - - 2013
Mass spectrometry has been used to determine the number of exchangeable backbone amide protons and the associated rate constants that are altered when rabbit muscle pyruvate kinase (rM1-PYK) binds either the allosteric inhibitor (phenylalanine) or a nonallosteric analogue of the inhibitor. Alanine is used as the nonallosteric analogue because it ...
Nigsch Annette - - 2013
African swine fever (ASF) is a notifiable viral pig disease with high mortality and serious socio-economic consequences. Since ASF emerged in Georgia in 2007 the disease has spread to several neighbouring countries and cases have been detected in areas bordering the European Union (EU). It is uncertain how fast the ...
Hynes Denise M - - 2013
: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) has demonstrated how implementation science can enhance the quality of health care. During this time an increasing number of implementation research projects have developed or utilized health information technology (HIT) innovations to leverage the VA's electronic health record ...
Di Eusanio Marco - - 2013
The management strategy remains controversial for patients presenting with type A acute aortic dissection with cerebrovascular accident or coma. The present study aimed to help guide surgeons treating these high-risk patients. Of 1873 patients with type A acute aortic dissection enrolled in the International Registry for Acute Dissection, 87 (4.7%) ...
Pryse-Phillips W - - 2013
Rationale: It is estimated that some hundreds of Canadian patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have journeyed abroad to avail themselves of 'liberation therapy' (venoplasty) following the initial report by Zamboni et al in 2009. That study also led to public pressure upon Departments of Health in Canadian Provinces to fund ...
Morrissey C Orla - - 2013
Invasive fungal infections (IFI) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the immunocompromised. The traditional diagnostic methods of culture and histological examination lack sensitivity and often only make a diagnosis late when the fungal burden is high, reducing the chances of cure even with the availability of new ...
Onakpoya Igho - - 2013
ABSTRACT The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving the use of the African Bush Mango, Irvingia gabonensis for body weight reduction in obese and overweight individuals. Electronic and nonelectronic searches were conducted to identify relevant RCTs. The bibliographies of located ...
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