Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1921
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Singh Parvinder Pal - - 2013
Here, we report an iron-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction of electron-deficient heterocycles and quinone with organoboron species via innate C-H functionalization. Iron (II) acetylacetonate along with oxidant (K2S2O8) and phase transfer catalyst (TBAB) under open flask condition efficiently catalyzed the cross-coupling of pyrazine with arylboronic acids and gave monoarylated products in good ...
Engsbro Anne Line - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:The Rome III criteria for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are recommended by guidelines to help identify the syndrome. The majority of IBS patients are managed in primary care, where a pragmatic approach to diagnosis is usually adopted, using clinical judgment and knowledge about the patient. Many general practitioners (GPs) have ...
Goker A - - 2013
We study the response of the thermopower of a quantum dot in the Kondo regime to sinusoidal displacement of the dot energy level via a gate voltage using time dependent non-crossing approximation and linear response Onsager relations. Instantaneous thermopower begins to exhibit complex fluctuations when the driving amplitude is increased ...
Arcelus Juan I - - 2013
QUESTION Does a risk stratification model predict venous thromboembolism (VTE) events requiring treatment after outpatient surgery? METHODS DESIGN Registry-based cohort study for derivation and validation of a risk prediction index. SETTING American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participant Use File (ACS-NSQIP) database. PATIENTS 259 231 patients who had ...
Bai Xiaojuan - - 2013
ABSTRACT: ZnO1-x/graphene hybrid photocatalyst was prepared via a facile in-situ reduction of graphene oxide and ZnO1-x surface defect oxide. The hybrid photocatlayst showed enhanced photocatalytic activity for the photodegradation of methylene blue. The photocorrosion of ZnO1-x was successfully inhibited by graphene hybridation. ZnO1-x/graphene hybrid photocatalyst with 1.2 wt% graphene showed ...
Bessho Fumio - - 2013
Lymphoblasts of acute lymphoblastic leukemia origin reappeared in a male patient 34 years after the initial diagnosis. Comparison of DNA profiles of the initial and reappeared lymphoblasts revealed a partially identical sequence, indicating the possibility that these lymphoblasts may have been present as preleukemic stem cells at the time of diagnosis ...
Wang Yuling - - 2013
SERS labels are a new class of nanotags for optical detection based on Raman scattering. Central advantages include their spectral multiplexing capacity due to the small line width of vibrational Raman bands, quantification based on spectral intensities, high photostability, minimization of autofluorescence from biological specimens via red to near-infrared (NIR) ...
Ishikawa Takeshi - - 2013
A core challenge in administering immune-based treatments for cancer is the establishment of easily accessible immunological assays that can predict patients' clinical responses to immunotherapy. In this study, our aim was to predict the therapeutic effects of adoptive T-cell therapy in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. To do this, we ...
Mette C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To date, the impact of the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) on different neuropsychological functions in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is underinvestigated. We aimed to examine the effects of acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) and the resulting reduction in central nervous 5-HT synthesis on target/non-target discrimination ability and sustained ...
Medraño-Fernandez Iria - - 2013
Phagocytosis mediated by the complement receptor CR3 (also known as integrin α(M)ß(2) or Mac-1) is regulated by the recruitment of talin to the cytoplasmic tail of the ß(2) integrin subunit. Talin recruitment to this integrin is dependent on Rap1 activation. However, the mechanism by which Rap1 regulates this event and ...
Zheng Li-Qiang - - 2013
Tuberous sclerosis is a genetic multisystem disorder characterized by widespread hamartomas in several organs. Clinically, more than 90% of affected patients have skin lesions including facial angiofibromas, periungual fibromas, hypomelanotic macule, etc. Periungual fibroma is one of the major diagnostic criteria of tuberous sclerosis and has the same pathology (angiofibroma) ...
Uchiyama Masanobu - - 2013
A practical high-performance liquid chromatography using a Cosmosil HILIC column and UV detection was developed for determining the concentrations of cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) and uracil arabinoside (Ara-U), which is a major metabolite of Ara-C, in human plasma. This method was used to determine the plasma concentrations of Ara-C and Ara-U ...
García-Moya I - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the role of school variables and sense of coherence (SOC) in the explanation of health. For this purpose, data were collected from a representative sample of adolescents, aged 13 to 18 years, selected for the Health Behavior in School-aged Children survey in Spain. ...
Neyzi Olcay - - 2013
A historical review of anthropometric studies conducted on Turkish children and adults is presented. In view of observed differences in growth status between children of different societies, the need for local reference standards and the methodology to be used for such studies have been stressed. The importance of local studies ...
Song Kyoung Doo - - 2013
PURPOSE: To describe peritoneal manifestations of fascioliasis on CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed CT images in 31 patients with fascioliasis confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (n = 24) or surgery (n = 7). Image analyses were performed to identify hepatic, biliary, and peritoneal abnormalities. RESULTS: Hepatic abnormalities were seen in 28 (90.3 %) ...
Jiang Fang - - 2013
A dual signal amplification strategy was designed for electrochemical detection of matrix metalloproteinase-9 with the integration of electrically heated carbon electrode technique and quantum dots labels.
Dahai Yu - - 2013
Esophageal carcinoma (EC) is an aggressive and the third most common cancer of the digestive tract with poor prognosis. Replication protein A (RPA) is critically required for DNA replication and its elevated expression has been observed in many malignant tumors. In this study, we investigated the expression of RPA1 and ...
Shimizu Nobutaka - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the Rho kinase inhibitor, hydroxyfasudil, on bladder function in a rat model of HCl-induced chemical cystitis, and to elucidate the possible mechanisms associated with its therapeutic effect. METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats with HCl-induced cystitis were given hydroxyfasudil (10 mg/kg, i.p.) for 7 days. Treatment efficacy ...
Long Zhimin - - 2013
A simple and efficient liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the determination of geniposidic acid in rat plasma. After the addition of internal standard salidroside and acidification (0.1% formic acid, pH = 3.2), plasma samples were carried out by protein precipitation with acetonitrile and separated on a ...
Lee Kyeong-Ryoon - - 2013
In this study, we developed a method for the determination of PF-04620110 (2-{(1r,4r)-4-[4-(4-amino-5-oxo-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-6(5H)-yl)phenyl]cyclohexyl}acetic acid), a novel diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT-1) inhibitor, in rat plasma and validated it using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Rat plasma samples were processed following a protein precipitation method by using acetonitrile and were then injected ...
Matsunaga Takuya - - 2013
In this paper, we propose a new computational method for efficient evaluation of the fluid mixing behaviour in a T-shaped micromixer with a rectangular cross section at high Schmidt number under steady state conditions. Our approach enables a low-cost high-quality simulation based on tracking of fluid particles for convective fluid ...
Gabryelska Marta Magdalena - - 2013
Hammerhead ribozyme is a versatile tool for down-regulation of gene expression in vivo. Due to its small size and high activity, it is used as a model for RNA structure-function relationship studies. Here we describe a new extended hammerhead ribozyme HH-2 with a tertiary stabilizing motif constructed on the basis ...
Avitabile C - - 2013
Cysteine-containing antimicrobial peptides of diverse phylogeny share a common structural signature, the γ core, characterized by a strong polarization of charges in two antiparallel β sheets. In this work, we analyzed peptides derived from the tomato defensin SolyC07g007760 corresponding to the protein γ core and demonstrated that cyclization of the ...
Race C P - - 2013
By simulating the passage of heavy ions along open channels in a model crystalline metal using semi-classical Ehrenfest dynamics we directly investigate the nature of non-adiabatic electronic effects. Our time-dependent tight-binding approach incorporates both an explicit quantum mechanical electronic system and an explicit representation of a set of classical ions. ...
Helvik Anne-Sofie - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The risk factors for mortality after hospitalization in older persons are not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to examine the three-year (1,096 days) mortality in previously hospitalized older patients from rural areas, and to explore how objectively and self-reported health indicators at baseline were ...
Rianthavorn Pornpimol - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency is related to erythropoietin resistance in chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of ergocalciferol on the dose of erythrocyte-stimulating agent (ESA) administered to children with CKD stage 5 and vitamin D insufficiency. METHODS: Twenty patients aged <18 years with CKD stages ...
Kato Tsugiko - - 2013
The Japanese medical device industry's stagnation over the years can be attributed to the uncertainty related to device development. The purpose of this study is to identify the major factors that impact development. We studied the ventricular assist device EVAHEART through interviews with the persons involved and created a development ...
Zhou Jue - - 2013
In the last decades, cases of poisoning due to herbal medicines have occurred in many countries; Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) are occasionally involved. The experience gained from traditional use is efficient to detect immediate or near-immediate relationship between administration and toxic effects but is quite unlikely to detect medium- to ...
Mazur Mykola - - 2013
The synthesis of multifunctional magnetic nanoparticles (MF-MPs) is one of the most active research areas in advanced materials as their multifunctional surfaces allow conjugation of biological and chemical molecules, thus making it possible to achieve target-specific diagnostic in parallel to therapeutics. We report here a simple strategy to integrate in ...
Ogawa Haruhiko - - 2013
The cough-related laryngeal sensation of mucus in the throat (SMIT) is usually overlooked because it is not reflected by physiological examinations or cough-specific questionnaires. Our results suggested that SMIT can predict the presence of fungal colonization in chronic cough patients. We propose that, next to "cough" or "sputum," SMIT may ...
Gamella M - - 2013
The preparation, characterization and performance evaluation of an amperometric affinity disposable magnetosensor, based on the use of a recombinant penicillin-binding protein (PBP) and screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs), for the specific detection and quantification of β-lactam antibiotic residues in milk are reported. The PBP was immobilized onto His-Tag-Isolation-modified magnetic beads (His-Tag-Isolation-MBs), ...
Haridas Anjana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The association between intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) and tamsulosin has been well-described. The rate of IFIS in association with other α-1 antagonists needs further clarification. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of IFIS and associated cataract surgery complications in patients taking tamsulosin or doxazosin. ...
Garg Scot - - 2013
Drug-eluting stents (DES) have revolutionized the practice of interventional cardiology over the past decade. Although their efficacy has never been called into question, concerns have been raised regarding their safety, particularly with respect to very late stent thrombosis. These valid concerns have prompted extensive research into improving stent safety, with ...
Gao Ya-Ping - - 2013
Extracellular fibrinogen-binding protein (Efb) of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bi-functional protein, which can specifically bind fibrinogen with its N terminus and inhibit deposition of C3b on the surface of S. aureus with its C terminus. Here, we screened the epitopes of Efb using phage display. Four peptides with ...
De Gieter Steven - - 2013
Toxin-antitoxin (TA) modules in bacteria are involved in pathogenesis, antibiotic stress response, persister formation and programmed cell death. The toxin Doc, from the phd/doc module, blocks protein synthesis by targeting the translation machinery. Despite a large wealth of biophysical and biochemical data on the regulatory aspects of the operon transcription ...
Cam Kamil - - 2013
PURPOSE: The improvement of quality of life (QoL) should be the major concern in any proposed treatment modality for any disorder. The objective of this study was to develop a new easy to use benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-specific QoL scale that may guide the treatment policy in BPH. METHODS: A ...
Kim Hyun Uk - - 2013
As large volumes of omics data have become available, systems biology is playing increasingly important roles in elucidating new biological phenomena, especially through genome-scale metabolic network modeling and simulation. Much effort has been exerted on integrating omics data with metabolic flux simulation, but further development is necessary for more accurate ...
Hashimoto Takeshi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Positive surgical margin after radical prostatectomy has been shown to be an independent predictive factor for biochemical and local recurrence in patients with prostate cancer. The present study was undertaken to identify predictive factors for positive surgical margin after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in Japanese patients. METHODS: Between August 2006 ...
Pal Arun K - - 2013
Density functional theory (DFT) based calculations are used here to investigate the magnetic behavior, spectroscopic transitions, and possible photomagnetic properties of stilbene derivatives using photochromicity of cis- and trans-forms of the parent molecule. Nitronyl nitroxide (NN), iminonitroxide (IN), tetrathiafulvalene cation (TTF), and verdazyl (VER) are used as monoradical centers at ...
Cengiz Pinar - - 2013
Introduction: Idiopathic short stature (ISS) is a heterogeneous disorder. An impairment of growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1/IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1 R) axis is postulated. Aim: To evaluate the somatotropic axis in relation to body mass index (BMI), serum IGF-1, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and the expression of IGF-1 R ...
Budohoski Karol P - - 2013
Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is a form of stroke that is associated with substantial morbidity, often as a result of cerebral ischaemia that occurs in the following days. These delayed deficits in blood flow have been traditionally attributed to cerebral vasospasm (the narrowing of large arteries), which can lead to cerebral ...
Le Donne Maria - - 2013
To determine human papillomavirus (HPV) types distribution in cervical lesions in a Southern Italian female population in Messina and their relationship between HPV type and grade of colposcopic and histopathological abnormality, a total of 253 women aged 17-68 years, with previous cytological abnormalities, were included in this study. HPV-DNA testing, colposcopy ...
Sakaguchi Katsuhisa - - 2013
In vitro scaling up of bioengineered tissues is known to be limited by diffusion issues, specifically a lack of vasculature. Here, we report a new strategy for preserving cell viability in three-dimensional tissues using cell sheet technology and a perfusion bioreactor having collagen-based microchannels. When triple-layer cardiac cell sheets are ...
Cucu-Man Simona-Maria - - 2013
The biomonitoring properties of oak tree bark compared with the epiphytic moss Hypnum cupressiforme and the influence of the tree bark, as its growth substrate, on the content of heavy metals in moss were investigated. Samples of the epiphytic moss H. cupressiforme and oak tree bark (Quercus spp.) were collected ...
Steenhuisen Sandy-Lynn - - 2013
Evolutionary shifts in pollination systems within a plant genus are commonly associated with changes in floral scent, reflecting selection mediated through the sensory systems of various pollinators. The most common cetoniine beetle pollinator of grassland Protea species in South Africa, Atrichelaphinis tigrina, previously has been shown to have a strong ...
Zepf F D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Animal experiments and studies in adults have shown that the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) plays an important role in learning and memory processes. However, data on this relationship in young persons are scarce, and neurodietary research in this age group is limited compared with the extensive literature on adults. Here, ...
Rognerud Sigurd - - 2013
A large copper-nickel smelter complex is located at the Kole Penninsula, Russia, close to the Norwegian border. Trace-element concentrations in surface sediments (0-0.5 cm) and pre-industrial sediments from 45 lakes in the region were used to uncover spatial deposition patterns and contamination factor of sediments. Elevated concentrations were found, especially for ...
Dinglin Xiao-Xiao - - 2013
Pemetrexed-based chemotherapy presented about 40 % response rate (RR) on brain lesions of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). But whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) is still the standard treatment when surgery or radio-surgery is not feasible. This trial evaluated the efficacy and safety and efficacy of pemetrexed-cisplatin plus concurrent WBRT in this ...
Klak Marie-Cécile - - 2013
The release of molecules entrapped within biogels is dictated by diffusion laws. Innovative biogel architectures are conceived and tested to control small molecule delivery from gelatin gels. The ionic interactions modulate the release of small molecules. Alginate is then added to gelatin gels and further hydrolyzed; the influence of viscosity ...
De Clippeleir Haydée - - 2013
Energy-positive sewage treatment can be achieved by implementation of oxygen-limited autotrophic nitrification/denitrification (OLAND) in the main water line, as the latter does not require organic carbon and therefore allows maximum energy recovery through anaerobic digestion of organics. To test the feasibility of mainstream OLAND, the effect of a gradual temperature ...
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