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Results 301 - 350 of 4302
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Hill Rachel A - - 2013
Neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia may be caused by a combination of gene x environment, gene x gene and/or gene x sex interactions. Reduced expression of both Reelin and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been associated with schizophrenia in human post-mortem studies. However, it is unclear how Reelin and ...
Zhu Qin - - 2013
Abstract Affordances mean opportunities for action. These affordances are important for sports performance and relevant to the abilities developed by skilled athletes. In racquet sports such as badminton, different players prefer widely different string tension because it is believed to provide opportunities for effective strokes. The current study examined whether ...
Chifotides Helen T - - 2013
The comprehensive investigation reported herein provides compelling evidence that anion-π interactions are the main driving force in the formation of self-assembled Fe(II)-templated metallacycles with bptz [3,6-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine] in high yields. It was demonstrated by X-ray crystallography, (1)H NMR, solution and solid-state MAS (19)F NMR spectroscopies, CV and MS studies that the ...
Donmez Gizem - - 2013
Sirtuins are NAD-dependent protein deacetylases known to have protective effects against age-related diseases such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. In mammals, there are seven sirtuins (SIRT1-7), which display diversity in subcellular localization and function. While SIRT1 has been extensively investigated due to its initial connection with lifespan extension ...
You Bo - - 2013
A MnO(2) -CNT-graphene oxide (MCGO) nanocomposite is fabricated using graphene oxide (GO) as a surfactant to directly disperse pristine carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for the subsequent deposition of MnO(2) nanorods. The resulting MCGO nanocomposite is used as a supercapacitor electrode that shows ideal capacitive behavior (i.e., rectangular-shaped cyclic voltammograms), large specific ...
Hanson Summer E - - 2013
Wound healing remains a major challenge in modern medicine. Bone marrow- (BM) and adipose tissue- (AT) derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) are of great interest for tissue reconstruction due to their unique immunological properties and regenerative potential. The purpose of this study was to characterize BM and AT-MSCs and evaluate ...
Siervo Mario - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The nutrition transition model provides an integrated approach to analyse global changes in food consumption and lifestyle patterns. Whether variability in food availability for consumption, lifestyle and sociodemographic factors is associated with the worldwide prevalence distribution of overweight, obesity and hypertension is unclear. DESIGN: Ecological analysis. SETTING: Country-specific prevalence ...
Hu Han - - 2013
Chemically converted graphene aerogels with ultralight density and high compressibility are prepared by diamine-mediated functionalization and assembly, followed by microwave irradiation. The resulting graphene aerogels with density as low as 3 mg cm(-3) show excellent resilience and can completely recover after more than 90% compression. The ultralight graphene aerogels possessing ...
Spina Rosella - - 2013
Design for diversity: A new catalytic system based on PEG-3400 and a metal salt (Pt or Au) was designed to efficiently perform a cycloisomerization reaction under microwave irradiation, which gave diverse heterocycles in good to excellent yields, after a precipitation/filtration procedure.
Li Yong-Jie - - 2013
A novel strategy is developed for the fabrication of graphene-CdS (G-CdS) nanocomposites by in situ growth of CdS nanoparticles onto simultaneously reduced graphite oxide, which is noncovalently functionalized by sodium 1-pyrene sulfonate through strong π-π stacking interactions. Subsequently, cobalt 2,9,16,23-tetraaminophthalocyanine (CoTAPc) is self-assembled on the G-CdS nanocomposites through electrostatic interactions ...
Mazur-Bialy Agnieszka Irena - - 2013
Riboflavin, or vitamin B2, as a precursor of the coenzymes FAD and FMN, has an indirect influence on many metabolic processes and determines the proper functioning of several systems, including the immune system. In the human population, plasma riboflavin concentration varies from 3·1 nm (in a moderate deficiency, e.g. in pregnant ...
Murphy Debra A - - 2013
Abstract In this study, late adolescents/early adults whose mothers were living with HIV (MLH) were interviewed in order to explore their perceptions of what it had been like for them to grow up under the shadow of their mothers' illness. Adolescents were asked to describe what the difficult aspects of ...
Yoon Bora - - 2013
Inkjet-printed paper-based volatile organic compound (VOC) sensor strips imaged with polydiacetylenes (PDAs) are developed. A microemulsion ink containing bisurethane-substituted diacetylene (DA) monomers, 4BCMU, was inkjet printed onto paper using a conventional inkjet office printer. UV irradiation of the printed image allowed fabrication of blue-colored poly-4BCMU on the paper and the ...
Gilmartin Daniel J - - 2013
Scaffolds have been reported to promote healing of hard-to-heal wounds such as burns and chronic ulcers. However, there has been little investigation into the cell biology of wound edge tissues in response to the scaffolds. Here, we assess the impact of collagen scaffolds on mouse full-thickness wound re-epithelialisation during the ...
Tietze Lutz F - - 2013
Fast and easy: Various helical tetrasubstituted alkenes were synthesized by a palladium-catalyzed domino process. The domino process consists of a Sonogashira reaction, a carbopalladation, and a direct CH functionalization.
Prehn Richmond T - - 2013
ABSTRACT: According to Berenblum's two-stage hypothesis, the first stage in carcinogenesis is the production of benign premalignant lesions. Between this initiation stage and the formation of a malignant tumor there is often a long lag phase. We propose that this lag is caused by the delay in the formation of ...
Larrabee Glenn J - - 2013
Bigler et al. ( 2013 , The Clinical Neuropsychologist) contend that weak methodology and poor quality of the studies comprising our recent meta-analysis led us to miss detecting a subgroup of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) characterized by persisting symptomatic complaint and positive biomarkers for neurological damage. Our computation of ...
Liu Gang - - 2013
Seeking visible-light-active photocatalysts for efficient solar-energy conversion has become an intensifying endeavor worldwide. In this concept paper, general requirements for finding new visible-light-active photocatalysts are briefly introduced, and recent progress in exploring elemental photocatalysts for clean-energy generation and environmental remediation are reviewed. Finally, opportunities and challenges facing elemental photocatalysts are ...
Carver Tamara E - - 2013
No study has evaluated the precision of the GE Lunar iDXA™ (GE Healthcare, USA) in measuring body composition among severely obese patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the precision of the iDXA for total body composition and fat distribution measurements in severely obese patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty-five severely obese participants with ...
Fusar-Poli P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The past two decades have seen exponential clinical and research interest in help-seeking individuals presenting with potentially prodromal symptoms for psychosis. However, the epidemiological validity of this paradigm has been neglected, limiting future advancements in the field. Method We undertook a critical review of core epidemiological issues underlying the ...
Kanto Hiromi - - 2013
We investigated the optimum application for evaluating skin irritation response by using samples of irritants commonly used as additives in cosmetics and other common household products. We studied 47 volunteers (16 men and 31 women). We selected three types of surfactant, one moisturizer, one anti-infective agent and one oil solution. ...
Cambot Marie - - 2013
Lentiviral modification combined with ex vivo erythroid differentiation was used to stably inhibit RhAG expression, a critical component of the Rh(rhesus) membrane complex defective in the Rh(null) syndrome. The cultured red cells generated recapitulate the major alterations of native Rh(null) cells regarding antigen expression, membrane deformability and gas transport function, ...
Cano Paola Gauffin - - 2013
OBJECTIVES.: To evaluate the effects of administration of Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum CECT 7765 on metabolic and immune alterations in obese mice. DESIGN AND METHODS.: Adult male wild-type C57BL-6 mice were fed a standard diet or high-fat diet (HFD), supplemented or not with B. pseudocatenulatum CECT 7765 for seven weeks. The assessments ...
Tian Jingqi - - 2013
Cobalt phosphate (CoPi) nanoplates can be integrated with graphene oxide (GO) by photochemical deposition from an aqueous solution under visible-light illumination using GO as a photocatalyst. The use of the CoPi/GO composites as an oxygen-evolving catalyst with high efficiency is demonstrated. Integrating CoPi with GO leads to reduction of the ...
Mebane David S - - 2013
A statistical methodology was applied to the simultaneous calibration and validation of thermodynamic models for the uptake of CO(2) in mesoporous silica-supported amines. The methodology is Bayesian, and follows the procedure introduced by Kennedy and O'Hagan. One key aspect of the application presented is the use of quantum chemical calculations ...
Lelimousin Mickaël - - 2013
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can penetrate the membranes of cells, offering prospects for nanomedicine but problems for nanotoxicity. Molecular simulations are used to provide a systematic analysis of the interactions of single-walled and multi-walled CNTs of different radii with a model lipid bilayer membrane. The simulations allow characterisation of the mechanism ...
Bose Pinaki - - 2013
The 20(th) century saw great advances in anatomy-based (surgery and radiotherapy) and chemotherapy approaches for treating head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and improving quality of life (QoL). However, despite these advances, the survival rate in HNSCC remains at ~50%. Front-line treatments often cause severe toxicity and debilitating long-term ...
Zhang Xing - - 2013
TiO(2) nanotube arrays loaded with carbon quantum dots were used as a photoanode for efficient hydrogen generation under visible light.
Sharma Krishna Kant - - 2013
The variables influencing laccase production by white-rot fungus Ganoderma sp. rckk-02 were optimized employing response surface methodology. Malt extract (6.0% w/v), lignin (0.5% w/v) and pH (5.5) were found to be the most significant factors for enhanced laccase production by 7 fold (226.0 U/ml) as compared to unoptimized growth conditions (32.0 U/ml). ...
Soehnlein Oliver - - 2013
We used a novel approach of cytostatically induced leucocyte depletion and subsequent reconstitution with leucocytes deprived of classical (inflammatory/Gr1(hi) ) or non-classical (resident/Gr1(lo) ) monocytes to dissect their differential role in atheroprogression under high-fat diet (HFD). Apolipoprotein E-deficient (Apoe(-/-) ) mice lacking classical but not non-classical monocytes displayed reduced lesion ...
Travado Luzia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study addresses the meanings women with breast cancer attach to their illness within a cognitive-developmental framework. The aim of the present study was twofold: (i) to identify the content of women's meanings in five domains of breast cancer representation (identity, causes, consequences, timeline and controllability), and (ii) to ...
Sun Haiyan - - 2013
All carbon aerogels (up to 1000 cm(3) ) with ultralow density (down to 0.16 mg cm(-3) ) and temperature-invariant (-190-900 °C) super-elasticity are fabricated by facile assembling of commercial carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and chemically-converted giant graphene sheets, on the basis of the synergistic effect between elastic CNTs ribs and giant ...
Komiya Naruyoshi - - 2013
The synthesis, structure, and solid-state emission of vaulted trans-bis(salicylaldiminato)platinum(II) complexes are described. A series of polymethylene (1: n=8; 2: n=9; 3: n=10; 4: n=11; 5: n=12; 6: n=13) and polyoxyethylene (7: m=2; 8: m=3; 9: m=4) vaulted complexes (R=H (a), 3-MeO (b), 4-MeO (c), 5-MeO (d), 6-MeO (e), 4-CF(3) O ...
Yang Shubin - - 2013
We demonstrate that graphene-based porous silica sheets can serve as an efficient carrier support for PEI via a simple nanocasting technology. The resulting materials possess thin nature, high PEI loading content and high thermal-conductivity. Such features are favorable for the efficient diffusion and adsorption of CO(2) as well as the ...
Lichtenbelt Klaske D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze differences in characteristics between women who opted for invasive testing after first-trimester combined testing and those who did not. METHOD: Follow-up was performed in 20 215 combined tests conducted between 2007 and 2011 in the central region of the Netherlands. Multivariate logistic regression analysis compared ...
Pan Yu-Shan - - 2013
A multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli C21 was isolated from a chicken in China. It was shown to be positive for the presence of the bla(TEM-1) , bla(CTX-M-55) and rmtB genes by PCR. This strain was examined by phylogenetic grouping, conjugation experiments, plasmid analysis, PCR-based replicon typing and multi-locus sequence typed ...
Karam Adib R - - 2013
AIM: to compare the diagnostic quality of tissue cores obtained using cranial and caudal angulation of the renal biopsy needle. Comparison was made in terms of the number of glomeruli and proportion of renal cortex with medulla on pathological analysis. METHODS: a total of forty desk top, renal biopsies were ...
Karino Yasuhito - - 2013
Transfer energetics from pure water to a urea-water mixture is examined for a set of amino acid analog solutes by using molecular dynamics simulation and free-energy calculation. The free energy of transfer from pure-water solvent to 8 M urea-water mixed solvent is calculated for each solute, and the urea-water mixture ...
Patenaude Andrea F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to determine (i) what daughters, ages 18-24 years, of BRCA1/2 mutation carriers understand about their 50% chance of carrying a BRCA1/2 mutation and about risk reduction or management options for mutation carriers, (ii) the extent and nature of daughters' cancer-related distress, and (iii) the ...
Erhardt Sascha A - - 2013
(Acetoxymethyl)silanes 2, 7 a-c, and 10 a-c with at least one alkoxy group, of the general formula (AcOCH(2) )Si(OR)(3-n) (CH(3) )(n) (R: Me, Et, iPr; n=0, 1, 2), were synthesized from the corresponding (chloromethyl)silanes 1, 6 a-c, and 9 a-c by treatment with potassium acetate under phase-transfer-catalysis conditions. These compounds were found to provide ...
Guichelaar Mmj - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Allelic variation (rs738409C→G) in adiponutrin (PNPLA3) has been associated with hepatic steatosis, and liver fibrosis. The physiologic impact of the PNPLA3 G allele may be exacerbated in patients with severe obesity. In this study, we investigated the interactions of PNPLA3 rs738409 with a broad panel of metabolic and histologic ...
Tiong Erica A - - 2013
Distant relative: The configuration of the quaternary stereocenter in puraquinonic acid is defined by groups far removed from the point of asymmetry. The use of a bicyclic thioglycolate lactam to set the quaternary stereocenter at an early stage cuts the length of the synthesis of the natural product by nearly ...
Olschewski Martin - - 2013
Back and forth: Femtosecond two-dimensional infrared exchange spectroscopy was used to study the dynamics of the reversal of an intramolecular hydrogen bond. The H-bond reversal resembles a flip-flop motion that is facilitated by two concerted disrotatory torsional isomerizations and that occurs on a time scale of about 2 ps.
van Gastel W A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use is associated with increased risk for psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) and psychotic disorders. It remains unclear whether this relationship is causal or due to confounding. Method A total of 1929 young adults aged 18-30 years participated in a nationwide internet-based survey in The Netherlands and gave information on ...
Yachida S - - 2013
Efficient metastasis is believed as the result of multiple genetic, epigenetic and/or post-translational events in the lifetime of a carcinoma. At the genetic level, these events may be categorized into those that occur during carcinogenesis, and those that occur during subclonal evolution. This review summarizes current knowledge of the genetics ...
Liu Jing-Min - - 2013
The simplicity of the green-synthesized routine and the availability of surface modification of diverse bioactive molecules make noble metal nanostructures highly suitable as multifunctional biomaterials for biological and biomedical application. Here we report the preparation of trypsin stabilized gold nanoclusters (try-AuNCs) with near-infrared fluorescence for biosensing heparin based on surface ...
Gomes Caio Perez - - 2013
PROBLEM: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an inflammatory condition that involves unbalanced cytokine production. We carried out a systematic review on the relationship between GDM and maternal circulating levels of cytokines in the 2nd/3rd trimesters. METHOD OF STUDY: Three electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS), were searched. Duplicate study selection, ...
Pompa Marianna - - 2013
Gluten protein composition and expression level influence dough properties and are cultivar and environment dependent. In order to broaden the knowledge of durum wheat gluten proteome, three cultivars were compared in two different growing seasons by a proteomic approach. Cultivar specific and differentially expressed spots in the two years were ...
Lee Young-Chul - - 2013
In recent decades, harmful algal blooms (HABs) - commonly known as red tides - have increasingly impacted human health, caused significant economic losses to fisheries and damaged coastal environments and ecosystems. Here, we demonstrate a method to control and suppress HABs through selective algal lysis. The approach harnesses the algicidal ...
Maskrey Benjamin H - - 2013
The beneficial health properties of dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, particularly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have long been known and their metabolic dysfunction has been linked to a range of diseases including various inflammatory disorders, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying their health benefits ...
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