Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 4302
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Hienzsch Antje - - 2013
We report an efficient synthesis of the hypermodified natural tRNA modifications wybutosine (yW) and hydroxywybutosine (OHyW). We also describe the preparation of isotopically labeled analogues for precise quantification of yW and OHyW in different tissues including plant materials. The synthesis involved the formation of the unusual tricyclic ring structure of ...
Gao Qianqian - - 2013
Free fatty acids are typically activated by thioesterification processes and catalyzed by the fatty acyl-CoA synthetase or fatty acyl-ACP synthetase. However, the routes for fatty acid activation in cyanobacteria are not well understood. In this investigation, the slr1609 gene, which encodes the fatty acid activation enzyme, was cloned from Synechocystis ...
Sun Kang - - 2013
To control interactions between cells and nanomaterials has been a great challenge because numerous nanomaterials have been intensively explored in the fields of biology and medicine. However, current surface modification of nanomaterials is mainly carried out in an empirical way. Herein, a general strategy to tune the surface chemistry of ...
García-Resúa Carlos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Non-contact Tonopachy NT-530P (Nidek Co., LTD) provides intraocular pressure (IOP) and central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements. This study assesses the reliability and repeatability of its IOP measurements in young healthy adult subjects. METHODS: IOP was determined in the right eye of 64 healthy patients using Tonopachy followed by the ...
Armshaw Patricia - - 2013
ICE R391, a prototype member of the SXT/R391 family of site-specific integrative conjugative elements (ICEs), frequently isolated from enterobacterial pathogens, exhibits an unusual, recA-dependent, UV-inducible, cell-sensitising function. This significantly decreases post-irradiation cell survival rates in Escherichia coli host cells, a trait that would at first appear to be counterproductive in ...
Fanin M - - 2013
AIMS: The peculiar clinical features and the pathogenic mechanism related to calpain-3 deficiency (impaired sarcomere remodelling), suggest that the ubiquitin-proteasome degradation pathway may have a crucial role in Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy 2A (LGMD2A). We therefore investigated muscle atrophy and the role of the ubiquitin-proteasome and lysosomal-autophagic degradation pathways. METHODS: We ...
Surette Marc E - - 2013
The daily consumption of dietary omega-3 PUFA is recommended by governmental agencies in several countries and by a number of health organizations. The molecular mechanisms by which these dietary PUFA affect health involve the enrichment of cellular membranes with long-chain 20- and 22-carbon omega-3 PUFA that impacts tissues by altering ...
Balthazar Marcio L F - - 2013
Neuropsychiatric syndromes are highly prevalent in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but their neurobiology is not completely understood. New methods in functional magnetic resonance imaging, such as intrinsic functional connectivity or "resting-state" analysis, may help to clarify this issue. Using such approaches, alterations in the default-mode and salience networks (SNs) have been ...
Liu Manhua - - 2013
Pattern classification methods have been widely investigated for analysis of brain images to assist the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and its early stage such as mild cognitive impairment (MCI). By considering the nature of pathological changes, a large number of features related to both local brain regions and interbrain ...
Sivan Sarit Sara - - 2013
PURPOSE: Aggrecan is one of the major macromolecular components of the intervertebral disc (IVD) and its loss is an early sign of degeneration. Restoration of aggrecan, and hence of biomechanical properties, is a major objective of biological therapies. At present, assessment of aggrecan concentration via its glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content is ...
Qi Xianghong - - 2013
Dynamic cell-to-cell interactions are a prerequisite to many biological processes, including development and biofilm formation. Flagellum induced motility has been shown to modulate the initial cell-cell or cell-surface interaction and to contribute to the emergence of macroscopic patterns. While the role of swimming motility in surface colonization has been analyzed ...
Czyzyk-Krzeska M F - - 2013
MicroRNAs are increasingly being recognized as oncogenes and tumor suppressors in cancer. MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is an established oncomiR in breast cancer and regulates several pro-oncogenic pathways. In light of this, Chiang's group has discovered a novel pathway regulated by miR-155. MiR-155 directly targets the VHL tumor suppressor and, by doing ...
Chaix A - - 2013
Mutation of KIT receptor tyrosine kinase at residue D816 results in ligand-independent constitutive kinase activity. This mutation occurs in most patients with mastocytosis, a myeloproliferative neoplasm, and is detected at lower frequencies in acute myeloid leukemia and in germ cell tumors. Other KIT mutations occur in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) ...
Srinivas Dharavath - - 2013
1,1,3,3-Tetra(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)propane-based energetic salts were synthesized in a simple and straightforward manner. The structures of these new salts were determined by (1) H and (13) C NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, MS, and elemental analysis. All of these compounds showed good thermal stabilities above 180 °C, as confirmed by thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA) measurements. ...
Zhang Ying - - 2013
Organocatalyzed asymmetric α-alkylation of aldehydes with 3-hydroxy-3-indolylox-indoles in aqueous media has been developed. The reactions proceeded efficiently in the presence of the MacMillan catalyst to give the desired products in good to excellent yields with moderate diastereoselectivities and excellent enantioselectivities.
Leem Jung Woo - - 2013
We fabricated the multi-stacked graded refractive index (GRIN) porous amorphous germanium (a-Ge) films with linear, quintic, and Gaussian index profiles for their refractive indices at a wavelength of 1.33 μm by e-beam evaporation with a glancing angle deposition technique. The porous a-Ge films with inclined nanocolumnar structures were deposited on ...
Wang Huanjie - - 2013
For successful biological applications of luminescent nanocrystals, surface functionalization is very essential. It is very important to develop the facile synthetic methods to gain access to obtaining water-stable and biocompatible NPs with appropriate functional groups as well as high luminescence efficiency. Herein, a green and facile one-pot hydrothermal strategy was ...
Li Yongqing - - 2013
Oct4 is the gatekeeper of stem cell pluripotency, but recent evidences also support Oct4 as a key regulator of germ layer formation and lineage commitment. How Oct4 contributes to lineage commitment is not well understood. We identified a Tcf/Lef-Oct4 composite site in the promoter of the cardiac mesoderm gene Mesp1, ...
Sowndhararajan K - - 2013
AIMS: The present study was aimed to evaluate the integration of Ochrobactrum anthropi BMO-111 and chemical fungicides (copper oxychloride and hexaconazole) against blister blight disease of tea. METHODS AND RESULTS: Application of the liquid culture of O. anthropi BMO-111 (36-h-old culture broth) was found to be effective in combined sprays with ...
Feng Xingmei - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), an endogenous gaseotransmitter/modulator, is becoming appreciated that it may be involved in a wide variety of processes including inflammation and nociception. However, the role and mechanism for H2S in nociceptive processing in trigeminal ganglion (TG) neuron remains unknown. The aim of this study is to ...
Leaf David E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have evaluated the prevalence and importance of vitamin D deficiency among patients with chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease, however, little is known about vitamin D levels in acute kidney injury (AKI). We evaluated the association between vitamin D metabolites and clinical outcomes among patients with ...
Villa Ana Lúcia - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hair is composed mainly of keratin protein and a small amount of lipid. Protein hydrolysates, in particular those with low molecular weight distribution have been known to protect hair against chemical and environmental damage. Many types of protein hydrolysates from plants and animals have been used in hair ...
Wilmer Amanda - - 2013
Medical leech therapy (MLT) with Hirudo medicinalis is well established as a treatment for venous congestion of tissue flaps, grafts, and replants. Unfortunately, this treatment is associated with surgical site infections with bacterial species, most commonly Aeromonas hydrophila, which is an obligate symbiot of H. medicinalis. For this reason, prophylactic ...
Dhamani Imran - - 2013
The aim of this research was to evaluate the ability to switch attention and selectively attend to relevant information in children (10-15 years) with persistent listening difficulties in noisy environments. A wide battery of clinical tests indicated that children with complaints of listening difficulties had otherwise normal hearing sensitivity and ...
Casarrubios Luis - - 2013
Cu(I) -catalyzed 1,3-cycloaddition of azides and alkynes (CuAAC) is one of the most powerful synthetic methodologies known. However, its use to prepare well-defined multimetallic structures is underdeveloped. Apart from the applications of this reaction to anchor different organometallic reagents to surfaces, polymers, and dendrimers, only isolated examples of CuAAC with ...
Santollo Jessica - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that oestradiol (E2) decreases the orexigenic effect of melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH). Here, we examined whether this action of E2 is mediated by its ability to decrease the expression of MCH or its receptor (MCHR1). Using immunocytochemistry and Western blotting, we examined whether E2 decreases MCH-immunoreactive neurones ...
Li Jun Yuan - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the dose-dependent effect of radiation on dental implant stability and osseointegration using a series of quantitative analyses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six rabbits were randomly assigned to 15 and 30 Gy radiation groups. Each rabbit received radiation at the tibial and femoral metaphyseal ...
Waller Sarah E - - 2013
While high-power laser ablation of metal alloys indiscriminately produces gas-phase atomic ions in proportion to the abundance of the various metals in the alloy, gas-phase ions produced by moderate-power laser ablation sources coupled with molecular beams are formed by more complicated mechanisms. A mass spectrometric study that directly compares the ...
Moerkamp Asja T - - 2013
In recent years the multipotent extraembryonic endoderm (XEN) stem cells have been the center of much attention. In vivo, XEN cells contribute to the formation of the extraembryonic endoderm, visceral and parietal endoderm and later on, the yolk sac. Recent data have shown that the distinction between embryonic and extraembryonic ...
Hill Rachel A - - 2013
Neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia may be caused by a combination of gene x environment, gene x gene and/or gene x sex interactions. Reduced expression of both Reelin and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been associated with schizophrenia in human post-mortem studies. However, it is unclear how Reelin and ...
Zhu Qin - - 2013
Abstract Affordances mean opportunities for action. These affordances are important for sports performance and relevant to the abilities developed by skilled athletes. In racquet sports such as badminton, different players prefer widely different string tension because it is believed to provide opportunities for effective strokes. The current study examined whether ...
Chifotides Helen T - - 2013
The comprehensive investigation reported herein provides compelling evidence that anion-π interactions are the main driving force in the formation of self-assembled Fe(II)-templated metallacycles with bptz [3,6-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine] in high yields. It was demonstrated by X-ray crystallography, (1)H NMR, solution and solid-state MAS (19)F NMR spectroscopies, CV and MS studies that the ...
Donmez Gizem - - 2013
Sirtuins are NAD-dependent protein deacetylases known to have protective effects against age-related diseases such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. In mammals, there are seven sirtuins (SIRT1-7), which display diversity in subcellular localization and function. While SIRT1 has been extensively investigated due to its initial connection with lifespan extension ...
You Bo - - 2013
A MnO(2) -CNT-graphene oxide (MCGO) nanocomposite is fabricated using graphene oxide (GO) as a surfactant to directly disperse pristine carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for the subsequent deposition of MnO(2) nanorods. The resulting MCGO nanocomposite is used as a supercapacitor electrode that shows ideal capacitive behavior (i.e., rectangular-shaped cyclic voltammograms), large specific ...
Hanson Summer E - - 2013
Wound healing remains a major challenge in modern medicine. Bone marrow- (BM) and adipose tissue- (AT) derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) are of great interest for tissue reconstruction due to their unique immunological properties and regenerative potential. The purpose of this study was to characterize BM and AT-MSCs and evaluate ...
Siervo Mario - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The nutrition transition model provides an integrated approach to analyse global changes in food consumption and lifestyle patterns. Whether variability in food availability for consumption, lifestyle and sociodemographic factors is associated with the worldwide prevalence distribution of overweight, obesity and hypertension is unclear. DESIGN: Ecological analysis. SETTING: Country-specific prevalence ...
Hu Han - - 2013
Chemically converted graphene aerogels with ultralight density and high compressibility are prepared by diamine-mediated functionalization and assembly, followed by microwave irradiation. The resulting graphene aerogels with density as low as 3 mg cm(-3) show excellent resilience and can completely recover after more than 90% compression. The ultralight graphene aerogels possessing ...
Spina Rosella - - 2013
Design for diversity: A new catalytic system based on PEG-3400 and a metal salt (Pt or Au) was designed to efficiently perform a cycloisomerization reaction under microwave irradiation, which gave diverse heterocycles in good to excellent yields, after a precipitation/filtration procedure.
Li Yong-Jie - - 2013
A novel strategy is developed for the fabrication of graphene-CdS (G-CdS) nanocomposites by in situ growth of CdS nanoparticles onto simultaneously reduced graphite oxide, which is noncovalently functionalized by sodium 1-pyrene sulfonate through strong π-π stacking interactions. Subsequently, cobalt 2,9,16,23-tetraaminophthalocyanine (CoTAPc) is self-assembled on the G-CdS nanocomposites through electrostatic interactions ...
Mazur-Bialy Agnieszka Irena - - 2013
Riboflavin, or vitamin B2, as a precursor of the coenzymes FAD and FMN, has an indirect influence on many metabolic processes and determines the proper functioning of several systems, including the immune system. In the human population, plasma riboflavin concentration varies from 3·1 nm (in a moderate deficiency, e.g. in pregnant ...
Murphy Debra A - - 2013
Abstract In this study, late adolescents/early adults whose mothers were living with HIV (MLH) were interviewed in order to explore their perceptions of what it had been like for them to grow up under the shadow of their mothers' illness. Adolescents were asked to describe what the difficult aspects of ...
Yoon Bora - - 2013
Inkjet-printed paper-based volatile organic compound (VOC) sensor strips imaged with polydiacetylenes (PDAs) are developed. A microemulsion ink containing bisurethane-substituted diacetylene (DA) monomers, 4BCMU, was inkjet printed onto paper using a conventional inkjet office printer. UV irradiation of the printed image allowed fabrication of blue-colored poly-4BCMU on the paper and the ...
Gilmartin Daniel J - - 2013
Scaffolds have been reported to promote healing of hard-to-heal wounds such as burns and chronic ulcers. However, there has been little investigation into the cell biology of wound edge tissues in response to the scaffolds. Here, we assess the impact of collagen scaffolds on mouse full-thickness wound re-epithelialisation during the ...
Tietze Lutz F - - 2013
Fast and easy: Various helical tetrasubstituted alkenes were synthesized by a palladium-catalyzed domino process. The domino process consists of a Sonogashira reaction, a carbopalladation, and a direct CH functionalization.
Miller Bruce L - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The clinical, neuropsychiatric and neuroimaging features of patients who carry the important new C9ORF72 mutation are discussed in this special series of Alzheimer's Research & Therapy. First reported in November 2011, the C9ORF72 mutation is the most common mutation associated with both frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in ...
Shukla A - - 2013
Cancer stroma has a profound influence on tumor development and progression. The conversion of fibroblasts to activated myofibroblasts is a hallmark of reactive tumor stroma. Among a number of factors involved in this conversion, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β has emerged as a major regulator. CLIC4, an integral protein in TGF-β ...
Prehn Richmond T - - 2013
ABSTRACT: According to Berenblum's two-stage hypothesis, the first stage in carcinogenesis is the production of benign premalignant lesions. Between this initiation stage and the formation of a malignant tumor there is often a long lag phase. We propose that this lag is caused by the delay in the formation of ...
Larrabee Glenn J - - 2013
Bigler et al. ( 2013 , The Clinical Neuropsychologist) contend that weak methodology and poor quality of the studies comprising our recent meta-analysis led us to miss detecting a subgroup of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) characterized by persisting symptomatic complaint and positive biomarkers for neurological damage. Our computation of ...
Liu Gang - - 2013
Seeking visible-light-active photocatalysts for efficient solar-energy conversion has become an intensifying endeavor worldwide. In this concept paper, general requirements for finding new visible-light-active photocatalysts are briefly introduced, and recent progress in exploring elemental photocatalysts for clean-energy generation and environmental remediation are reviewed. Finally, opportunities and challenges facing elemental photocatalysts are ...
Carver Tamara E - - 2013
No study has evaluated the precision of the GE Lunar iDXA™ (GE Healthcare, USA) in measuring body composition among severely obese patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the precision of the iDXA for total body composition and fat distribution measurements in severely obese patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty-five severely obese participants with ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >