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Lawson Katie M KM Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA. - - 2013
Exposure to traumatic events is common among individuals with substance use disorders. Little is known, however, about the trauma histories among individuals with various types of addiction. The present study compared the trauma histories (general, sexual, physical and emotional) of non-treatment seeking outpatients dependent on prescription opioids (n = 41), ...
Adkison Sarah E SE Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14263, - - 2013
Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) initially emerged in 2003 and have since become widely available globally, particularly over the Internet. Data on ENDS usage patterns are limited. The current paper examines patterns of ENDS awareness, use, and product-associated beliefs among current and former smokers in four countries. Data come from ...
Brown Barbara B BB Department of Family and Consumer Studies, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0080, USA. - - 2013
Neighborhood designs often relate to physical activity and to BMI. Does neighborhood walkability/bikeability relate to BMI and obesity risk and does moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) account for some of the relationship? Census 2000 provided walkability/bikeability measures-block group proportions of workers who walk or bike to work, housing age, and population ...
Burton-Chase A M AM Department of Behavioral Science, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine colonoscopy adherence and attitudes toward colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in individuals who underwent Lynch syndrome genetic counseling and testing. We evaluated changes in colonoscopy adherence and CRC screening attitudes in 78 cancer-unaffected relatives of Lynch syndrome mutation carriers before pre-test genetic counseling ...
Torrazza Roberto Murgas RM Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida College of Medicine, 1600 Southwest Archer Road, Box 100296, HD Building Room 112, Gainesville, FL 32610-0296, - - 2013
Current evidence highlights the importance of developing a healthy intestinal microbiota in the neonate. Many aspects that promote health or disease are related to the homeostasis of these intestinal microbiota. Their delicate equilibrium could be strongly influenced by the intervention that physicians perform as part of the medical care of ...
Cherpitel Cheryl J CJ Alcohol Research Group, Emeryville, CA 94608, USA. - - 2013
While a substantial literature exists demonstrating a strong association of alcohol and intentional injury, less is known about the association of intentional injury with recreational drug use, either alone, or in combination with alcohol. The risk of intentional injury due to alcohol and other drug use prior to injury is ...
Rindal D Brad DB HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, MN 55425, USA. - - 2013
Decreases in smoking prevalence from recent decades have slowed, and national goals to reduce tobacco use remain unmet. Healthcare providers, including those in physician and dental teams, have access to evidence-based guidelines to help patients quit smoking. Translation of those guidelines into practice, however, remains low. Approaches that involve screening ...
Kang W Y WY Department of Radiology, Anam Hospital, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
The purpose of our study was to assess the extrarenal length of renal arterial branches and tumour-feeding arteries on multidetector CT (MDCT) angiography, in addition to the perihilar branching patterns, with relevance to segmental artery clamping. MDCT angiograms of 64 patients with renal masses <4 cm were retrospectively reviewed by ...
Atianand Maninjay K MK Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, - - 2013
Recognition of microbial nucleic acids is one strategy by which mammalian hosts respond to infectious agents. Intracellular DNA that is introduced into cells during infection elicits potent inflammatory responses by triggering the induction of antiviral type I IFNs and the maturation and secretion of inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α, IL-1β, ...
Nwogu Chukwumere E CE Department of Thoracic Surgery, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA. - - 2013
Lymph node staging provides critical information in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Lymphangiogenesis may be an important contributor to the pathophysiology of lymphatic metastases. We hypothesized that the presence of lymph node micrometastases positively correlates with vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) A, C, and D as well as ...
Molina Patricia E PE Department of Physiology and Alcohol and Drug Abuse Center of Excellence, Louisiana State University Health Science Center, New Orleans, LA, USA. - - 2013
Traumatic injury ranks as the number one cause of death for the younger than 44 years age group and fifth leading cause of death overall (www.nationaltraumainstitute.org/home/trauma_statistics.html). Although improved resuscitation of trauma patients has dramatically reduced immediate mortality from hemorrhagic shock, long-term morbidity and mortality continue to be unacceptably high during ...
Johansson M W MW Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA. - - 2013
IL-5 activates α(M) β(2) integrin on blood eosinophils in vitro. Eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) following segmental antigen challenge have activated β(2) -integrins. To identify roles for IL-5 in regulating human eosinophil integrins in vivo. Blood and BAL eosinophils were analysed by flow cytometry in ten subjects with allergic asthma ...
Mallya Ashok A The Bell Street Clinic Opioid Treatment Program (OTP), Mental Health Service, John Cochran Hospital, St. Louis VA Medical Center, St. Louis, MO, - - 2013
Clinics licensed to provide pharmacotherapy for opiate dependence disorder are required to perform random urine drug screen (RUDS) tests. The results provide the empirical basis of individual treatment and programmatic effectiveness, and public health policy. Patients consent to witnessed testing but most tests are unwitnessed. The purpose of the present ...
Calsyn Donald A DA Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA. - - 2013
For substance abuse treatment-seekers engaging in high risk sexual behavior, their inconsistent condom use may be related to their condom use attitudes and skills. This study compared treatment-seeking male and female substance abusers in their reported barriers to condom use and condom use skills. Men and women (N = 1,105) ...
Brooks Audrey J AJ Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA. - - 2013
HIV infection disproportionately impacts minorities; yet research on racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence and correlates of HIV risk behaviors is limited. This study examined racial/ethnic differences in the rates of HIV risk behaviors and whether the relationship between HIV risk factors and HIV risk behaviors varies by race/ethnicity in clients ...
Liu Shuanglong S Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, Molecular Imaging Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2013
18F positron emission tomography (PET) has a number of attributes that make it clinically attractive, including nearly 100% positron efficiency, very high specific radioactivity, and a short half-life of ≈ 110 minutes. However, the short half-life of 18F and the poor nucleophilicity of fluoride introduce challenges for the incorporation of ...
Li Ruibin R Division of NanoMedicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, United - - 2013
Functionalized carbon nanotubes (f-CNTs) are being produced in increased volume because of the ease of dispersion and maintenance of the pristine material physicochemical properties when used in composite materials as well as for other commercial applications. However, the potential adverse effects of f-CNTs have not been quantitatively or systematically explored. ...
Mesganaw Tehetena T Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, - - 2013
A mild and operationally simple method to synthesize diphenylhexatriene (DPH) is reported. The method relies on the Pd-catalyzed dimerization of cinnamyl acetate and provides efficient access to DPH in a single step.
Gahlmann Andreas A Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United - - 2013
We demonstrate quantitative multicolor three-dimensional (3D) subdiffraction imaging of the structural arrangement of fluorescent protein fusions in living Caulobacter crescentus bacteria. Given single-molecule localization precisions of 20-40 nm, a flexible locally weighted image registration algorithm is critical to accurately combine the super-resolution data with <10 nm error. Surface-relief dielectric phase ...
Marzaro Giovanni G Dipartimento di Scienze del Farmaco, Università degli Studi di Padova, Via Marzolo 5, 35131 Padova, - - 2013
Some new psoralen derivatives were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of NF-κB/DNA interaction, with the aim to investigate the structural determinants required to inhibit this interaction. Starting from molecular docking studies, several possible protein binding sites were proposed and several three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) models were built using the ...
Henry Christopher R - - 2013
The authors report the fluorescein angiography findings in a 3-month-old patient with phacomatosis cesioflammea, which revealed venous-venous anastomoses in addition to previously undescribed features of peripheral retinal vascular nonperfusion. The authors encourage physicians to consider phacomatosis pigmentovascularis in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with facial port-wine stain and to ...
Panthier Christophe - - 2013
The authors describe a case of combined full-thickness retinal and pigment epithelium macular hole that spontaneously developed in the right eye of an 86-year-old woman with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). One year prior, the patient had been diagnosed with drusenoid pigment epithelium detachment (PED) in the right eye and geographic ...
Harris Michael R MR Department of Chemistry, 4114 Natural Sciences 1, University of California, Irvine, California 92697, United - - 2013
Stereospecific coupling of benzylic carbamates and pivalates with aryl- and heteroarylboronic esters has been developed. The reaction proceeds with selective inversion or retention at the electrophilic carbon, depending on the nature of the ligand. Tricyclohexylphosphine ligand provides the product with retention, while an N-heterocyclic carbene ligand provides the product with ...
Zhang Xiangning - - 2013
Up to now, seven viruses that infect humans have been identified as oncogenic and are closely associated with different human cancers. Most of them encode oncogenes whose products play important roles in the development of cancers in the context of environmental and genetic factors; others may act via indirect mechanisms. ...
Takigawa Masateru - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although several predictors of an electrical storm (ES) are indicated in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM), whether the severity of the myocardial tissue damage (SMTD) evaluated by myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) has an association with an ES remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the ...
Sikorski Alyssa - - 2013
During routine monitoring of yellow-crowned parakeets in the Poulter Valley of the South Island of New Zealand, a dead parakeet chick was discovered in a nest. Known parrot-infecting viruses, such as beak and feather disease virus (BFDV), avian polyomavirus (APV), and parrot hepatitis B virus (PHBV), were not detected in ...
He Xiaozhen - - 2013
The success of gene transfer has been demonstrated in many of vertebrate species, whereas the efficiency of producing transgenic animals remains pretty low due to the random integration of foreign genes into a recipient genome. The Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon is able to improve the efficiency of gene transfer in ...
Lan Daoliang - - 2013
The local intestinal mucosa, the largest mucosal immune system in animals, plays an important role in resistance against intestinal pathogen infection. However, the molecular antiviral mechanisms of the intestinal mucosa remain poorly understood. In this study, we screened and identified differentially expressed transcripts in (PSV) porcine intestinal epithelial cells (IPEC-J2) ...
Dinzeo Thomas J - - 2013
The authors describe the development and preliminary evaluation of the Lifestyle and Habits Questionnaire-brief version (LHQ-B). Three hundred seventy-seven undergraduate students (ages 18-25) participated. Responses were collected through either a web-based or face-to-face survey. Data reductive procedures were used with a preexisting lifestyle inventory to create an abbreviated measure. The ...
Allen Michael J - - 2013
While the relationship between weather and human health has been studied from various perspectives, this study examines an alternative method of analysis by examining weather conditions on specific high-mortality days during the winter season. These high-mortality days, by definition, represent days with dramatic increases in mortality and the days with ...
Costa Cristina - - 2013
The role of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in lung transplantation (LT) and drawbacks related to viral quantification in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) underline the potential usefulness of investigating other specimens. Thirty-three LT recipients were prospectively studied by HCMV quantitative real time PCR on matched transbronchial biopsy (TBB), BAL, and whole blood specimens. ...
Gugleta K - - 2013
PURPOSE: To analyze neurovascular coupling in the retina of untreated primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and ocular hypertension (OHT) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Maximal vessel dilation in response to flicker light was analyzed with Retinal Vessel Analyzer (RVA) in temporal superior/inferior arterioles and veins in 51 POAG patients, 46 OHT and ...
Homard Catherine M - - 2013
The purpose of this ex post facto correlational study was to compare exit examination scores and NCLEX-RN® pass rates of baccalaureate nursing students who differed in level of participation in a standardized test package. Three cohort groups emerged as a standardized test package was introduced: (a) students who did not ...
Lin Yi-Feng - - 2013
The use of a membrane contactor combined with a hydrophobic porous membrane and an amine absorbent has attracted considerable attention for the capture of CO(2) because of its extensive use, low operational costs, and low energy consumption. The hydrophobic porous membrane interface prevents the passage of the amine absorbent but ...
Varga Norbert - - 2013
Dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN) and Langerin are C-type lectins of dendritic cells (DCs) that share a specificity for mannose and are involved in pathogen recognition. HIV is known to use DC-SIGN on DCs to facilitate transinfection of T-cells. Langerin, on the contrary, contributes to virus elimination; therefore, ...
Zheng Zhong - - 2013
The spectrum of cognitive symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) can span various domains, including executive function, language, attention, memory, and visuospatial skills. These symptoms may be attributable to the degradation of projection fibers associated with the underlying neurodegenerative process. The primary purpose of this study is to find microstructural correlates ...
Júlíusson Pétur B - - 2013
Background: Previous growth references for Norwegian children were based on measurements from the 1970s and 1980s. New reference data, collected through the Bergen Growth Study and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, are presented as LMS values. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional sample of children aged 0-19 years in stratified ...
Efficace F - - 2013
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important goal of therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients treated with current molecular-targeted therapies. The main objective of this study was to investigate factors associated with long-term HRQOL outcomes of CML patients receiving imatinib. Analysis was performed on 422 CML patients recruited ...
Tang J - - 2013
Herein we report a proof-of-principle study illustrating a novel dog-human comparison strategy that addresses a central aim of cancer research, namely cancer driver-passenger distinction. We previously demonstrated that sporadic canine colorectal cancers (CRCs) share similar molecular pathogenesis mechanisms as their human counterparts. In this study, we compared the genome-wide copy ...
Mooijaart Simon P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and cognitive decline. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) has a role in cardiovascular disease but the association of IL-6 concentration and the functional IL6 -174 polymorphism with cognitive decline has not been demonstrated unequivocally. The objective of the present study was to ...
Zhao Lingguo - - 2013
Hydrophobically modified quaternized celluloses (HMQCs), containing the quaternary ammonium groups and hexadecyl groups, were homogeneously synthesized as novel dynamic coatings for capillary electrophoresis. Compared with quaternized cellulose coating, HMQC coating is able to generate stronger reversed electroosmotic flow (ca. 10% increase) and has better efficiency in suppressing protein adsorption. The ...
Husbands Winston - - 2013
In this study of Black gay and bisexual men in Toronto, sexually active survey participants reported on their sexual behaviours with male partners of different ethnoracial backgrounds, and interview participants reflected on how their sexual relationships emerged in the context of race and interracial desire. Most survey participants reported sexual ...
Botosoa Eliot Patrick - - 2013
In the present study, sponge cakes, produced at the pilot scale, were monitored during ageing (i.e., 1, 3, 6, 9, 16, and 20 days) by three different analytical techniques. For the texture analyser, the hardness and elasticity of crumb cakes were found to significantly increase and decrease, respectively throughout ageing. ...
Ren Dong Xue - - 2013
Two novel vanadium(iii) complexes: V(dipic)(Hbdc)(H(2)O)(2) () and [V(2)(dipic)(2)(H(2)btec)(H(2)O)(4)]·2H(2)O () (H(2)dipic = 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid, H(2)bdc = 1,3-benzene-dicarboxylic acid, H(4)btec = 1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid) are synthesized by the reaction of V(2)(SO(4))(3), 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid and 1,3-benzene-dicarboxylic acid (for ) or 1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid (for ) under hydrothermal condition at 120 °C for 3 days. They ...
Imafuku Shinichi - - 2013
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease associated with various complications such as arthritis, diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Hepatitis C is caused by chronic infection of hepatitis C virus (HCV), and eventually leads to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although an association between psoriasis and HCV has been reported, there ...
Pérez Yolanda - - 2013
c-Src is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase involved in numerous signal transduction pathways. The kinase, SH3 and SH2 domains of c-Src are attached to the membrane-anchoring SH4 domain through the flexible Unique domain. Here we show intra- and intermolecular interactions involving the Unique and SH3 domains suggesting the presence of a ...
Shigehisa Hiroki - - 2013
Hard core made easy: The pentacyclic core of trichodermatide A was stereoselectively synthesized from a bis(1,3-cyclohexanedione) derivative by a ring-closing reaction followed by an intramolecular ketal formation (see scheme; PPTS=pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate). The first total synthesis of trichodermatide A was then completed by the introduction of three hydroxy groups.
Frank Sebastian M - - 2013
Most visual activities, whether reading, driving, or playing video games, require rapid detection and identification of learned patterns defined by arbitrary conjunctions of visual features. Initially, such detection is slow and inefficient, but it can become fast and efficient with training. To determine how the brain learns to process conjunctions ...
Ong B L - - 2013
SUMMARY A cross-sectional study was conducted from 10 January to 9 April 2012, to determine the seroprevalence of tuberculosis (TB) of all captive Asian elephants and their handlers in six locations in Peninsular Malaysia. In addition, trunk-wash samples were examined for tubercle bacillus by culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). ...
Huang Zhiquan - - 2013
Head and neck cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the world and most of them are squamous cell carcinomas. High frequency of cisplatin resistance in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) leads to tumor relapse and irresponsiveness to cisplatin-based chemotherapy. However, the mechanisms underlying cisplatin resistance is ...
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